1 Attitudes and Beliefs About the Use of Over-the-Counter Medicines: A Dose of Reality A National Survey of Consumers and Health Professionals Prepared for: National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE) January 2002
2 Table of Contents Background and Purpose Research Methodology Findings of the Consumer Survey Section One: America s Health and Well Being Section Two: Consumer Use of OTC Medicines Section Three: Consumer Use of OTC Labels Section Four: Knowledge About OTC Drugs Section Five: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product Section Six: Experience with Side Effects Section Seven: Interaction with Health Professionals Section Eight: Demographic Profile Findings of the Health Professional Survey Section One: Key Findings Section Two: Perceptions of How Patients Take OTC Drugs Section Three: Counseling About Adverse Reactions Section Four: Counseling Patients/Customers About OTC Use Section Five: Sources of Information About Nonprescription Medicine 71 Section Six: Demographic Profiles Page 2 Harris Interactive Inc.
3 Background and Purpose Introduction When it comes to treating such common ailments as coughs and colds, fever, heartburn and aches and pains, more Americans are using more types of nonprescription, overthe-counter (OTC) medicines than ever before. Once consisting of a relatively small number of medications, OTC medicines now account for the majority of all medications used in the United States, including many that were once available only by prescription. According to the Consumer Healthcare Products Association (CHPA), there are more than 100,000 OTC drug products on the market today encompassing about 1,000 significant active ingredients. Of these products, more than 700 contain ingredients and dosages that were available by prescription less than 30 years ago. With so many Americans using so many OTC medicines, an important question for the public health community is, how well do consumers understand and process essential information about OTC products? This question is particularly relevant now that the majority of OTC products is converting to a federally mandated Drug Facts label in Required by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), the new label will make it easier to select the most appropriate OTC product and understand a drug s benefits and risks. However, developing programs to promote the new label first requires an assessment of the extent to which the facts contained on the label are now being incorporated into the public s decisions about self-care. Towards this end, the National Council on Patient Information and Education (NCPIE) commissioned a comprehensive survey to track the opinions influencing the selfmedicating behaviors of the American public. Conducted by Harris Interactive, the survey consisted of two complementary polls: one of 1,011 adult Americans aged 18 and over conducted between October and November 2001, and the other involving 451 pharmacists, nurses and general practice physicians who were surveyed in November and December By comparing the attitudes and beliefs of the general public with health practitioners, the survey identified the areas where education about OTC use is most needed. Page 3 Harris Interactive Inc.
4 Background and Purpose Highlights of the Findings 1. The majority of Americans take nonprescription medicines routinely for a variety of common ailments.! Today, three in five Americans (59 percent) report having taken at least one OTC drug product in the past six months. In fact, slightly more Americans have taken an OTC medicine during the last six months than a prescription drug (54 percent).! Americans take OTC medicines for a wide variety of ailments. Most commonly they are taken for: pain (78 percent); a cough, cold, flu or sore throat (52 percent); allergy or sinus problems (45 percent); heartburn, indigestion and other stomach problems (37 percent); constipation, diarrhea and gas (21 percent); minor infections (12 percent); and skin problems (10 percent). 2. Despite widespread use of nonprescription medicines, many consumers need more information about when and how to take these products.! Of special concern to health professionals is a lack of understanding about active ingredients in OTC medicines, especially since different OTC products may contain the same active ingredient. Of the 79 percent of physicians, nurses and pharmacists in the poll who say that the potential for inappropriate use of OTC remedies is a concern, seven in ten (69 percent) cite not understanding active ingredients as the biggest problem.! This is confirmed by the consumer poll, which found that only 34 percent of the public could identify the active ingredient in their brand of pain reliever.! In addition, only one in ten (11 percent) correctly say that nonprescription medicines formulated for babies are usually more concentrated than formulations for older children. Page 4 Harris Interactive Inc.
5 Background and Purpose 3. At the same time, consumers tend to overlook important label information when selecting and using OTC products.! Although the vast majority of Americans who use nonprescription medicines (95 percent) read some portion of the OTC drug label, the survey finds that many do so selectively when buying or using a nonprescription medicine. When asked what information they look for when buying an OTC drug for the first time, two in five (41 percent) cite usage information (e.g., directions for use, information on dosage level and symptoms), one in three (34 percent) mention the active ingredient, and one in five (21 percent) say warnings information.! Similarly, half (51 percent) of those surveyed say they seek out usage information when they plan to take an OTC product for the first time. However, only 20 percent look for the active ingredient. 4. Because some Americans have an incomplete knowledge about OTC medicines, they may take too much of a single product or mix OTC drugs inappropriately.! According to the consumer poll, a third of Americans say they take more than the recommended dose of a nonprescription medicine, believing that it will increase the effectiveness of the product. Of these consumers, two-thirds (69 percent) say they take more than the recommended amount at a single time; three-fifths (63 percent) report taking the next dose sooner than directed; and two-fifths (44 percent) say they take more than the recommended number of doses in a day.! At the same time, a third of Americans (36 percent) say they are likely to combine nonprescription medicines when they have multiple symptoms, such as a headache and a sore throat. This practice can increase the risk that consumers take more than one OTC product at a time that contain the same active ingredient.! These findings were reinforced in the poll of health professionals where practitioners cited a number of ways in which consumers may be taking nonprescription medicines incorrectly. Among the 79 percent of physicians, nurses and pharmacists who said they were concerned about the problem, practitioners cited these factors: combining OTC and prescription medicines (51 percent); the chronic use of an OTC medicine (44 percent); using an OTC drug for a prescription indication (32 percent); and taking more than one OTC product at a time that has the same active ingredient (27 percent). Page 5 Harris Interactive Inc.
6 Background and Purpose 5. Besides new and easy-to-read label information, the involvement of health practitioners will increase the public s ability to understand the risks and benefits of OTC remedies.! According to the consumer poll, almost as many consumers get their information about nonprescription medicines from the mass media (49 percent) as they do from health professionals (57 percent).! This is not because health professionals are unwilling to discuss OTC use with their patients. In fact, three in four of the practitioners surveyed (75 percent) say they ask their patients/customers directly about OTC drug use most or all of the time. Only onequarter of health professionals (27 percent) say they wait for patients to volunteer information about their OTC use.! When discussing the use of nonprescription medicines, the survey finds that the majority of practitioners (65 percent) spend more than a minute offering specific counseling. Most of this time is spent on: how to take a product (62 percent); what OTC drug to use (56 percent); how well the product works (54 percent); drug interactions (50 percent); taking more than one OTC drug at a time (49 percent); cautions prior to or following surgery (43 percent); and taking more than the recommended dose of an OTC medicine (42 percent). ##### Page 6 Harris Interactive Inc.
7 Research Methodology To compare and contrast the attitudes of the general public with those of health professionals, Harris Interactive conducted two complementary polls between October and December In the first poll, which was conducted between October 25 and November 11, 2001, Harris Interactive used a telephone survey of 1,011 adult Americans to track the opinions influencing how consumers select and use nonprescription drugs. The margin of error for this study is + 3.1percent. In designing the survey, Harris Interactive used these criteria: " Respondents had to be adults, aged 18 years or older. " Respondents were selected via an unrestricted random digit dial (RDD) technique that significantly reduces serial bias and ensures that respondents with both listed and unlisted telephone numbers are reached. " The data was weighted to conform to known demographic characteristics of the U.S. The second poll was conducted between November 17 and December 7, 2001 and consisted of 451 interviews with health professionals who counsel on OTC use. Specifically, Harris surveyed 150 physicians in general practice, 150 nurses including 50 pediatric nurses, and 151 pharmacists. In all cases, the respondents were screened to confirm that they have regular contact with patients/caregivers. The margin of error for this study is percent. Page 7 Harris Interactive Inc.
8 Findings of the Consumer Survey
9 Section 1: America s Health and Well Being 1. Americans say they are in good health. " Four out of five (84%) Americans say their health is good, very good, or excellent. " Half (52%) of Americans say their health is either excellent or very good. Overall, how would you rate your current health? Not sure responses omitted Excellent 21% 52% Very good 31% 84% Good 32% Fair 12% Poor 4% Page 9 Harris Interactive Inc.
10 Section 1: America s Health and Well Being 2. Most Americans have visited a doctor in the past year. " Three-quarters (74%) of Americans have visited a doctor in the past year. Have you visited a doctor in in the the past year for for any reason? 74% 26% Yes No Page 10 Harris Interactive Inc.
11 Section 2: Consumer Use of OTC Medicines 1. Americans take nonprescription medications routinely. " Three-fifths (59%) of Americans have taken a nonprescription medication in the past six months. Americans are slightly more likely to have taken a nonprescription medication in the past six months (59%) than a prescription one (54%). Many people take various kinds of of medicines and remedies. In In the the past six six months, have you taken any of of the the following? Summary of Yes Vitamins 63% A nonprescription medicine, that is, medicine that is available at a store or pharmacy without a prescription 59% A prescription medicine 54% Minerals 26% Dietary or herbal supplements 23% Page 11 Harris Interactive Inc.
12 Section 2: Consumer Use of OTC Medicines 2. Americans take nonprescription medications for a wide range of ailments. " Three-quarters (78%) of those who have taken a nonprescription medication in the past six months have done so to relieve pain. " One-half (52%) have taken a nonprescription medication for a cough, cold, flu, or sore throat. Over the the past six six months, have you taken a nonprescription medicine for for any of of the the following? Summary of Yes Base: Taken nonprescription medication in the past six months (n=598) Pain relief 78% Cough, cold, flu or sore throat 52% Allergy or sinus relief 45% Heartburn, indigestion or other stomach problems 37% Constipation, diarrhea or gas 21% Infections such as athlete s foot or a yeast infection Skin problems 12% 10% Other 3% Page 12 Harris Interactive Inc.
13 Section 2: Consumer Use of OTC Medicines 3. Consumers who have taken a nonprescription or prescription medication in the past six months take an average of 2.2 nonprescription medications and 3.0 prescription medications per month. " One-third (36%) take three or more prescription medications per month. " One-quarter (28%) take three or more nonprescription medications per month. Thinking about the the past month, that is, is, the the last days, how many different (nonprescription or or prescription medicines) have you taken? Base: Taken nonprescription medication in the past six months (n=598) None One 10% 12% 38% 30% Nonprescription Two 21% 21% Prescription Three Four to five 15% 11% 9% 12% Mean (nonprescription): 2.2 Mean (Prescription): 3.0 Six or more 4% 13% Don t know/not sure 3% 1% Page 13 Harris Interactive Inc.
14 Section 2: Consumer Use of OTC Medicines 4. Americans take about the same number of nonprescription medications as they did five years ago. " One-half (54%) of Americans say they take about the same number of nonprescription medications as they did five years ago. " One-fifth (22%) says they are taking more. I d I d like you to to think about nonprescription medicines, that is, is, medicines available at at a store or or pharmacy without a prescription. Would you say that you are are taking more, fewer or or about the the same number of of products than you did five years ago? More 22% Fewer 20% About the same 54% Don t know/not sure 4% Page 14 Harris Interactive Inc.
15 Section 2: Consumer Use of OTC Medicines 5. Americans also say that they are using nonprescription medication about as frequently as they did five years ago. " One-half (54%) of Americans say they use nonprescription medication with about the same frequency as they did five years ago. " One-fifth (19%) say they use nonprescription medication more frequently. Are you using these nonprescription products more frequently, less frequently or or about the the same as as five years ago? More frequently 19% Less frequently 22% About the same 54% Don t know/not sure 5% Page 15 Harris Interactive Inc.
16 Section 3: Consumer Use of OTC Labels 1. Americans are more likely to read nonprescription medication labels for usage information when they take the medication for the first time compared to when they buy the medication for the first time. " Half (51%) of Americans read the label on a nonprescription medication for usage information when they take the medication for the first time. " Four out of ten (41%) read the label on a non -prescription medication for usage information when they buy the medication for the first time. Americans are equally likely to read nonprescription medication labels for safety information both when they take the medication for the first time and when they buy the medication for the first time. " One-fifth (21%) of Americans read the label on a nonprescription medication for safety information when they take the medication for the first time. " One-fifth (21%) read the label on a non -prescription medication for safety information when they buy the medication for the first time. Page 16 Harris Interactive Inc.
17 Section 3: Consumer Use of OTC Labels 2. Although the vast majority of Americans who use nonprescription medicines (95%) read some portion of the labels on nonprescription medications, they do so selectively both when they buy the medication for the first time and when they take the medication for the first time. " One-third (34%) of Americans read the label for the active ingredient when they buy a nonprescription medicine for the first time. " One out of five (19%) reads the label for usage directions when they buy a nonprescription medicine for the first time. " One out of six (16%) reads the label for dosage level when they buy a nonprescription medicine for the first time. Americans are most likely to read the label for dosage instructions when they take a nonprescription medication for the first time. " One-quarter (25%) of Americans read the label for dosage instructions when they take a nonprescription medication for the first time. " One out of five reads the label for usage directions (22%) or the active ingredient (20%) when they take a nonprescription medication for the first time. However, only one in ten Americans reads the label for possible sideeffects or usage warnings the first time he/she buys the product or the first time he/she takes the product. " One in ten Americans reads the label for possible side effects the first time they buy the product or the first time they take the product (10% and 9%, respectively). " Fewer than one in ten reads the label for usage warnings the first time they buy the product or the first time they take the product (7% for each). Page 17 Harris Interactive Inc.
18 Section 3: Consumer Use of OTC Labels Now I m going to to ask you to to think about buying a nonprescription medicine for for the the first time. When you look at at the the package, including the the front, the the back and the the sides, what information do do you read? Now, thinking about when you take the the nonprescription medicine for for the the first time, what information do do you read on on the the package? Unaided responses 19% 22% Directions for usage Dosage level 16% 25% Buy Take 41% net for buy 51% net for take 12% 10% Symptoms it is used for Page 18 Harris Interactive Inc.
19 Section 3: Consumer Use of OTC Labels Now I m going to to ask you to to think about buying a nonprescription medicine for for the the first time. When you look at at the the package, including the thefront, the the back and the the sides, what information do do you read? Now, thinking about when you take the the nonprescription medicine for for the the first time, what information do do you read? Unaided responses Possible side effects of usage 10% 9% Buy Warnings about usage with other OTC medicine 7% 7% 21% net for buy 21% net for take Take Effects of interaction with alcohol 6% 6% Page 19 Harris Interactive Inc.
20 Section 3: Consumer Use of OTC Labels Now I m going to to ask you to to think about buying a nonprescription medicine for for the the first time. When you look at at the the package, including the thefront, the the back and the the sides, what information do do you read? Now, thinking about when you take the the nonprescription medicine for for the the first time, what information do do you read? Unaided responses Other responses omitted Active ingredients Brand name Price All of it/everything Do not read anything on label Do not buy/take nonprescription medicine Don t know/not sure 8% 5% 4% 2% 5% 4% 5% 6% 3% 3% 6% 7% 20% 34% Buy Take Page 20 Harris Interactive Inc.
21 Section 3: Consumer Use of OTC Labels 3. Under certain circumstances, Americans say they are likely to re-read the labels of nonprescription medications. " Three-quarters of those who have taken a nonprescription medication say they would re-read the label if they were giving the medicine to a child (77%) or if they were thinking about taking the medicine at the same time they were taking a prescription medication (74%). Once you have already used a nonprescription medicine, for for which, if if any, of of the the following reasons would you read the the label again? Are you likely to to re-read the the label in in the the following circumstances? Summary of Yes, multiple responses allowed Base: Take nonprescription medicine (n=983) When giving the nonprescription medicine to a child If you are thinking about taking the nonprescription medicine at the same time you are taking prescription medicine 74% 77% If you haven t read the label in a long time If you are thinking about taking the nonprescription medicine at the same time you are taking another nonprescription medicine 70% 67% Other 3% Page 21 Harris Interactive Inc.
22 Section 4: Knowledge About OTC Drugs 1. Most Americans who take nonprescription medication for their headaches do not know what the active ingredient in their headache medication is. " Only one-third (34%) of Americans who take a nonprescription medication for their headache can correctly identify its active ingredient. " Two-thirds (66%) either incorrectly identify the active ingredient or do not know what the active ingredient is. And, to to the the best of of your recollection, what is is the the active ingredient in in that brand? Can correctly identify active ingredient 34% Cannot correctly identify active ingredient 66% Page 22 Harris Interactive Inc.
23 Section 4: Knowledge About OTC Drugs 2. A majority of Americans do not know that the most accurate way to determine the amount of medicine for a child under the age of 12 is by weight alone. " A majority (54%) of Americans incorrectly say that the most accurate way to determine the amount of medicine for a child under the age of 12 is by weight and age. " One-fifth (21%) correctly says weight alone is the most accurate method. Based on on what you know, what is is the the most accurate way to to determine the the amount of of medicine for for a child under the the age of of 12? Both weight and age 54% Weight **correct response** 21% Age 15% Neither weight nor age 1% Don t know/not sure 9% Page 23 Harris Interactive Inc.
24 Section 4: Knowledge About OTC Drugs 3. Most Americans incorrectly say that nonprescription medications for babies are less concentrated than formulations for older children. " Half (51%) of Americans say that nonprescription medicines for babies are less concentrated than those for older children. " Only one out of ten (11%) correctly says that the concentration for babies is higher than for older children. To To the the best of of your knowledge, are are nonprescription medicines formulated for for babies more concentrated, less concentrated than formulations for for older children, or or are are they about the the same? More concentrated **correct response** 11% Less concentrated 51% About the same 22% Don t know/not sure 16% Page 24 Harris Interactive Inc.
25 Section 5: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product 1. One out of three Americans has taken more than the recommended dose of a nonprescription medication. " One-third (33%) of Americans have taken more than the recommended dose of a nonprescription medicine. Have you ever taken more than the the recommended dose of of a nonprescription medicine? 1% Not sure 66% No 33% Yes Page 25 Harris Interactive Inc.
26 Section 5: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product 2. Americans who exceed the recommended dosage of nonprescription medications do so in multiple ways. " Two-thirds (69%) take more than the recommended number of pills at one time. " Three-fifths (63%) take the next dose sooner than directed on the label. " Two-fifths (44%) take more dosages per day than indicated by the label. Base: Have taken more than recommended dose of nonprescription medicine (n=334) Multiple responses allowed Have you taken: More than the recommended number of pills at a single time 69% The next dose sooner than directed on the label 63% More than the number of dosages per day as directed on the label 44% Don t know/not sure 8% Page 26 Harris Interactive Inc.
27 Section 5: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product 3. Nine out of ten (91%) Americans who exceed the recommended dose of nonprescription medications do so because they think it will increase the effectiveness of the medication. " Seven out of ten (69%) say they believed exceeding the recommended dose would bring relief more quickly. " Two-thirds say it is because they had severe symptoms (68%) or because they did not get any better taking the recommended dose (64%). Thinking about the the most recent time you took more than the the recommended dose, why did you take more? Was it it because you: Summary of Yes Base: Have taken more than recommended dose of nonprescription medicine (n=334) Believed it would bring relief more quickly Had severe symptoms (e.g., in a great deal of pain/very nauseous) Did not get any better taking the recommended dose 64% 69% 68% 91% of total respondents Had taken the prescription version of the medicine previously 38% Other 5% Page 27 Harris Interactive Inc.
28 Section 5: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product 4. Under various circumstances, Americans think it is likely that people take more than the recommended dosages of nonprescription medications. " One-half (48%) say this likely happens when people have severe symptoms. " Almost one-half say this likely happens when it will bring relief more quickly (47%) or when people don t get any better taking the recommended amount (45%). People sometimes take more than the the recommended amount of of a nonprescription medicine. This can occur if if a person takes more pills than recommended, or ortakes the the next dose sooner than directed on on the the label. Based on on what you know, is is it it extremely likely, very likely, somewhat likely, not very likely, or or not at at all all likely that people would take more than the the recommended dose because they: Summary: Extremely/Very likely Have severe symptoms (e.g., in a great deal of pain/very nauseous) 48% Believe it will bring relief more quickly 47% Do not get any better taking the recommended amount 45% Believe nonprescription medicines are too weak to cause any problems 41% Have taken the prescription version of the medicine previously 37% Page 28 Harris Interactive Inc.
29 Section 5: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product 5. Americans say that some forms of administering nonprescription medications make it more difficult to get the recommended dose. " Four out of five (81%) Americans say that getting the recommended dose is either somewhat easy or very easy when the nonprescription medicine comes in pill form. " Two-thirds say the same for liquid (68%) and chewable tablet (67%) forms. " However, just slightly more than half (54%) say that getting the recommended dose is easy when the medication comes in the form of drops. nonprescription medicines often come in in various forms, such as as pills, chewable tablets, liquid and drops. Do Do you believe it it is is very easy, somewhat easy, neither easy nor difficult, somewhat difficult or or very difficult to to get get the the recommended dose if if the the nonprescription medicine is is a: a: Summary of very/somewhat easy Pill 81% Liquid 68% Chewable tablet 67% Drop 54% Page 29 Harris Interactive Inc.
30 Section 5: Taking Too Much of an OTC Product 6. Many Americans are likely to combine nonprescription medications when they have multiple symptoms. " One-third (36%) of Americans are likely to combine nonprescription medications when they have multiple symptoms such as a headache and a sore throat. One-fifth (22%) is very or extremely likely to combine medications in such circumstances. If If you have more than one symptom at at the the same time, such as as a headache and a sore throat, how likely are are you to to take more than one nonprescription medicine? Are you: Extremely likely 7% 22% Very likely 15% 36% Somewhat likely 14% Not very likely 29% Not at all likely 32% Don t know/not sure 3% Page 30 Harris Interactive Inc.
31 Section 6: Experience with Side Effects 1. Most Americans (82%) have never experienced a negative reaction or side effect from taking a nonprescription medicine. " Only 17% of those polled say they experienced a negative reaction or side effect from a nonprescription medication. Have you ever experienced a negative reaction or or side effect from taking a nonprescription medicine? 17% 82% Yes No 1% Not sure Page 31 Harris Interactive Inc.
32 Section 6: Experience with Side Effects 2. Most Americans who say they experienced a negative reaction or side effect did not believe the reaction was serious enough to consult a doctor. " Only one-quarter (24%) of those who say they experienced a negative reaction or side effect contacted a doctor as a result. " One-quarter (26%) stopped taking the medicine. Thinking about the the last time you experienced a negative reaction or or side effect from taking a nonprescription medicine, what did you do? Unaided responses Base: Had a negative reaction or side effect from a nonprescription medicine (n=170) Stopped taking the nonprescription medicine Contacted a doctor Waited until you felt better 20% 26% 24% Went to the emergency room Contacted a pharmacist Took a different nonprescription medicine Contacted a friend or family member Contacted a nurse Other 5% 4% 4% 2% 2% 9% Don t know/not sure 7% Page 32 Harris Interactive Inc.
33 Section 7: Interaction with Health Professionals 1. Americans receive as much information about nonprescription medicine from advertising, or promotions from television or newspapers and magazines, as they do from doctors. " One-half (49%) of Americans say they have received information about nonprescription medicine from advertising or promotions in the past six months. " Just under one-half (47%) say they have received information from a doctor. Within the the past six six months, have you received information about nonprescription medicine from any of of the the following? Summary of Yes Advertising or promotions from TV, newspapers or magazines A doctor Articles or information from TV, newspapers or magazines 49% 47% 46% A pharmacist A nurse Your friends or relatives 28% 34% 38% The Internet The federal government 8% 12% Page 33 Harris Interactive Inc.
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Today s Date Patient Advocate Checklist For: Name of Patient An advocate is not a Health Care Proxy and can not make decisions for the patient. The advocate should know who the Health Care Proxy is and
MEDICATION GUIDE VIVITROL (viv-i-trol) (naltrexone for extended-release injectable suspension) Read this Medication Guide before you start receiving VIVITROL injections and each time you receive an injection.
Appendix B: Cleveland State University Youth Program/Camp Parent/Guardian Authorization, Waiver and Consent for Over-the-Counter Medication Form PROGRAM/CAMP INFORMATION Program/Camp Name: (hereafter Program
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Understanding Alberta s Drug Schedules Preface In May 2002, the provincial drug schedules to the Pharmaceutical Profession Act were amended. In April 2007, the Alberta Regulation 66/2007 to the Pharmacy
Global Advertising Specialties Impressions Study A cost analysis of promotional products versus other advertising media Released at the 2010 ASI Power Summit This report may be reproduced and used in presentations
College on Credit: How Borrowers Perceive Their Education Debt By Sandy Baum and Marie O Malley Sandy Baum is professor of economics at Skidmore College in Skidmore, PA. Marie O Malley is vice president
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What You Need to KnowWhen Taking Anticoagulation Medicine What are anticoagulant medicines? Anticoagulant medicines are a group of medicines that inhibit blood clotting, helping to prevent blood clots.
Medication Protocol: All medications (both over-the-counter and prescribed) must be cleared by the camper s guardian (additionally all prescribed meds must be cleared by a Physician) by filling out the
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HEALTH SERVICES PROGRAM The Board of Education will provide for the health and physical well being of students through the establishment of a district wide student Health Services Program in the school
Family Caregiver Guide Medication Management: A Family Caregiver s Guide Types of Medications You should make sure all of your family member s doctors and the home care nurse know all the overthe-counter
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MEDICATION GUIDE JUXTAPID (JUKS-tuh-pid) (lomitapide) capsules Read this Medication Guide before your treatment. What is the most important information I should know about JUXTAPID? JUXTAPID is available
Section II When you are finished with this section, you will be able to: Define medication (p 2) Describe how medications work (p 3) List the different medication effects (p5) List the ways that medications
Information Regarding the Student with an Allergy Student s Name Grade Homeroom Date Physician s Name Physician s Phone # Type of Allergy (Food, Bee, Wasp, Latex, Other: Specify): Type of Reaction: For
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Treating Chronic Hepatitis C A Review of the Research for Adults Is This Information Right for Me? Yes, this information is right for you if: Your doctor* has told you that you have chronic hepatitis C.
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Do you have a health question? Speak with a RN for free! Contact a registered nurse any time, day or night, for answers to your health questions. nurses can help when: You re unsure if you need to visit
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MEDICATION GUIDE COUMADIN (COU-ma-din) (warfarin sodium) Read this Medication Guide before you start taking COUMADIN (warfarin sodium) and each time you get a refill. There may be new information. This
Iowa Governor s Office of Drug Control Policy medicines or take them in a manner not prescribed, we increase the risk of negative effects. It is estimated that over 35 million Americans are ages 65 and
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What you should know about treating your pain with opioids Important information on the safe use of opioid pain medicine. If your healthcare provider has determined that opioid therapy is right for you,
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