A STUDY ON THE NARRATOR S VOICE IN THE CHINESE TRANSLATION OF A ROOM OF ONE S OWN (1929) LAW TSZ SANG

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1 A STUDY ON THE NARRATOR S VOICE IN THE CHINESE TRANSLATION OF A ROOM OF ONE S OWN (1929) by LAW TSZ SANG A dissertation submitted to the School of Humanities of the University of Birmingham in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Master of Arts in Translation Studies This dissertation consists of approximately words Supervisor: Dr. Carmen Millan-Varela Centre for English Language Studies Department of English The University of Birmingham 2003

2 TABLE OF CONTENTS ABSTRACT 4 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 5 CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 6 CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW Narrative theories: A brief overview The stream of consciousness narrative technique The stream of consciousness narrative technique: A brief overview The stream of consciousness narrative technique in Chinese literature Narrator s voice in a translated text The presence of translator s voice Halliday s (1973) metafunctions Leuven-Zwart s (1989, 1990) model Toury s (1995) approach Descriptive Translation Studies and Beyond (1995) Target-oriented approach The method for data collection 30 CHAPTER 3 PRESENTATION OF CORPUS Virginia Woolf ( ) The Source Text (ST) A Room of One s Own (1929) A brief summary of the ST The Target Text (TT) and the translator Zi Ji De Fang Jian (1973) 37

3 3.3.2 Xiuya Zhang ( ) 38 CHAPTER 4 METHODOLOGY 40 CHAPTER 5 DATA ANALYSIS Data analysis and discussion Semantic modulation Semantic modulation (Specification) Semantic modulation (Generalization) Syntactic-semantic modification (Function words) Syntactic-pragmatic modification (Thematic meaning) Mutation Mutation (Addition) Mutation (Deletion) Findings and implications Overall assessment on the presence of translator s voice 58 CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION 59 APPENDICES 61 Appendix 1: Virginia Woolf s novels 61 Appendix 2: Semantic modulation 62 Appendix 3: Syntactic-semantic modification (Function words) 71 Appendix 4: Syntactic-pragmatic modification (Thematic meaning) 75 Appendix 5: Mutation 78 Appendix 6: List of figures 87 REFERENCES 88

4 ABSTRACT The dissertation aims to explore the presence of the translator s voice in the Chinese translation of Virginia Woolf s A Room of One s Own (1929). Following Toury s (1995) approach, 100 examples were collected from the corpus and then fitted into the translating strategies proposed by Leuven-Zwart (1989, 1990). It was found that the translator adopted these strategies which cause shifts in the target text (TT). According to Leuven Zwart, these shifts lead to a change in the metafunctions (Halliday, 1973) of the TT. As it is the narrator who decides to change the textual metafunctions, this dissertation argues that the narrator s voice in the TT is made present by such changes.

5 ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank my Lord, family and friends who provided me with moral support and help in finding resources. Moreover, I am indebted to my supervisor Dr. Carmen Millan-Varela, who gave me invaluable guidance and advice on completing this dissertation.

6 REFERENCES 1. Corpus 1. Shiach. (ed.) (1992) [Woolf, V. (1929)] A Room of One s Own & Three Guineas. Oxford: Oxford University Press. 2. Zhang, X. (2000) Zi Ji De Fang Jian. Taiwai: Ten Points Publishing Co. 2. Books 1. Barrett, M. (1979) Virginia Woolf on Women and Writing. London: The Women s Press Limited. 2. Brewster, D. (1959) Virginia Woolf s London. London: George Allen & Unwin Ltd. 3. Blackstone, B. (1972) Virginia Woolf: A Commentary. London: A Hogarth Press. 4. Butt, et. al. (2000) Using Functional Grammar: An Explorer s Guide. Sydney: National Centre for English Language Teaching and Research, Macquarie University. 5. Chatman, S. (1978) Story and Discourse. United Kingdom: Cornell University Press. 6. Goldman, J. (1998) The Feminist Aestheics of Virginia Woolf. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 7. Halliday, M.A.K. (1973) Explorations in the Functions of Language. London: Edward Arnold. 8. Lehmann, J. (1975) Virginia Woolf and Her World. London: Thames and Hudson. 9. Leech, G & Short, M. (1981) Style in Fiction. A Linguistic Introduction to English Fictional Prose. London and New York: Longman. 10. Marcus, J. (ed.) (1981) New Feminist Essays on Virginia Woolf. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press. 11. Marder, H. (1968) Feminism and Art. Chicago and London: The University of Chicago Press. 12. Rosenbaum, S. P. (1992) Women and Fiction: The Manuscript versions of A Room of One s Own. USA & UK: Blackwell Publishers & Three Cambridge Centre.

7 13. Ruban, J. (1968). The Technique of Modern Fiction. London: Edward Arnold (Publishers) Ltd. 14. Toolan, M. (2001) (2 nd ed.). Narrative: a critical linguistic introduction. London: Routledge. 15. Toury, G (1995). Descriptive Translation Studies and Beyond. Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co. 3. Journal articles (English) 1. Hermans, T. (1996). The Translator s Voice in Translated Narrative. Target 8: Leuven-Zwart, Kitty van. (1989). Translation and Original: Similarities and Dissimilarities I. Target 1: Leuven-Zwart, Kitty van. (1990). Translation and Original: Similarities and Dissimilarities II. Target 2: Schiavi, G. (1996). There Is Always a Teller in a Tale. Target 8: Journal articles (Chinese) 1. Deng, F. (1995) Chuan Tong Wen Xue de Bian Yi---Yi Shi Liu Wen Xue (The Variation of Traditional Literature---Stream of Consciousness Literature) In He Chi Shi Zhuan Xue Bao (3) (Journal of He Chi Institute of Education, (No.3)) 2. Guo, G. (1997) Xin Lin de Qing Su Zhang Xiuya Xiao Shuo Jie Du (A Talk from Heart---An Explanation on Zhang Xiuya s novels) In Qing Hai Shi Fen Da Xue Xue Bao (She Hui Ke Xue Ban) (1) (Journal of Qing Hai Institute of Education (Social Science) (No.1)) 3. Liu, J. (1999) Jian Lun Yi Shi Liu Xiao Shuo (A Brief Account of Stream of Consciousness Novels) In Chong Qing Shi Yuan Xue Bao Zhe She Ban (3) (Journal of Chong Qing Institute of Education, (No.3)) 4. Yin, G. (1995) Zhong Guo Wen Xue Yu Yi Shi Liu & Xu (Chinese Literature and Stream of Consciousness and its sequel) In Jia Qing Da Xue Xue Bao (2) (Journal of the University of Jia Qing, (No.2&3))

8 5. Zhou, Q. (1994) Xin Shi Qi Yi Shi Liu Wen Xue Yan Jiu Gai Guan (An Overview of Researches on Stream of Consciousness Literature in the New Age) In Zhong Guo She Hui Ke Xue Yuan Yian Jiu Sheng Yuan Xue Bao (6) (Journal of the Graduate School of the Chinese Social Sciences Academy, (No.6)) 6. Zhang, X. (1994) Wang Meng Xin Tai Xiao Shuo de Yi Shu Te Se (The stylistic features of the Mind s novels by Wang Meng) In Yue Wen Xue Kan (2)), Jian Su Nan Dao Shi Dian Da Hai An Yuan Fen Xiao (Journal of Language (No.2), A School in Jian Shu Province) 7. Zhang, Y. (1995) Tai Wan Nu Xing Wen Xue de Li Shi he Te Zheng Jian Lun In Hua Qiao Da Xue Xue Bao (Zhe Xue She Hui Fu Wu Ban) (3) (Journal of Huaqiao University (Philosophy and Social Science) (No.3)) 5. Dictionary 1. A Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English (1998) Beijing: The Commercial Press. 6. URL

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