3 Southern Nevada Context Highly concentrated employment Median income: $52,873 Population Projected 2.8M by 2030 Median age = 35.8 Families with children 60% Sources: City of Henderson Community Development & Services Department and U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey Southern Nevada Strong Regional Plan, Page 40 southernnevadastrong.org/:
4 What is Southern Nevada Strong?? Southern Nevada Strong was a collaborative regional planning effort, funded by a $3.5 million dollar grant from HUD. The grant provided the resources to conduct in-depth research and community engagement efforts to analyze the issues facing our community and propose collaborative solutions. The result is Southern Nevada s 1 st Federally- Recognized Regional Plan.
6 When & How Conducted research and community engagement, identified issues and developed a Regional Plan that was adopted in January 2015
7 Our Challenges: Southern Nevada & Education NV is 50 out of 50 in quality of education Clark County & Nevada s HS grad rates are much lower HS students not graduating on time = 40% NV vs. 19% US Students score low in reading and math % of 4 th graders not proficient in reading = 73% in NV; 66% US % of 8 th graders not proficient in math = 72% in NV vs. 66% US College completion rates are low For every 100 HS freshmen, 11 graduate from college (US = 19)Low educational attainment of adult population Population 25+ that has a HS diploma or higher = 83% Population 25+ has a BA or higher = 22.1% Teens not in school and not working = 13% in NV, 8% in US Children living in families where the household head lacks a high school diploma = 23% in Nevada, 15% in US Sources: Annie E. Casey Foundation, Kids Count Data Book, City of Henderson Community Development & Services Department and U.S. Census Bureau American Community Survey Southern Nevada Strong Regional Plan, southernnevadastrong.org/ NCHEMS Information System, compiled from the Common Core of Data, National Center for Education Statistics
8 Our challenges: Southern Nevada & Education (Cont.) 5 th largest school district in the US after NYC, LA, Chicago and Miami Overcrowding 319,669 students in November 2014*; more than 1,000 additional students from the September count. Lack of Funding to Build New Schools Economic Volatility and Over-Reliance on Gaming, Tourism & Construction Low tax rate From : Clark County School District: Overcrowding and calendar conversions: How did we get here and what happens next?, December 11,
9 Community Outreach Results
10 Determining Priorities: Survey Research Results Mean Importance and Satisfaction Rating Comparisons of Community Elements Q7/8.
11 Addressing Our Challenges in the Regional Plan Surprisingly little planning framework or guidance to address education; little research available Had to figure out a way for a place-based process to support a regional priority: Held a regional capacity building event with community leaders (education and planning primarily) Commissioned a white paper: Supporting the Education Imperative: The Role of Community Development Shared results and recommendations with stakeholders and integrated findings into Regional Plan
12 Supporting the Education Imperative: The Role of Community Development
13 Questions for Today What drives achievement inside and outside the schoolhouse? How can community developers, nonprofit leaders, and planners help educators improve college and career-readiness?
14 What drives achievement?
15 Effect of Socioeconomic Status on the Cognitive Ability of Young Children Income level seems to have a very small effect on the mental function of children under age one.
16 Number of Words Spoken per Hour to Children Under Age 3, by Family Status Source: Hart and Risley, University of Kansas
17 Enrichment Expenditures on Children High-income families spend about seven times more on their children than low-income families.
18 Average Difference in Reading Standardized Test Scores between 90 th and 10 th Income Percentile Families The achievement gap between high- and low-income students is at an all-time high
19 What s been tried, measured, and appears to work?
20 In the Schoolhouse Effect Size of Selected K12 Interventions
21 Standard Deviations 0.50 Around the Schoolhouse Effect Size of Selected Interventions
22 FAFSA Assistance Control Percent of students 50% Around the Schoolhouse Impact of Low-Cost FAFSA Assistance Source: Coalition for Evidence-Based Policy 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% 1st year College Attendance 2nd Year College Attendance Pell Assistance
23 How does achievement support communities?
24 Education and Economic Growth: The Circle of Prosperity Generate revenues for excellent schools, quality public services, and public facilities A talented, flexible workforce and an appealing environment Diverse, valueadding industries that provide well paying jobs
25 School Quality and Home Values In Variable Boise, tested: Idaho: School Quality (elementary test score proficiency per 10% increase) Square Footage (per 100 additional square feet) 2 Bathrooms (2 bedroom units only) Impact on Price 1-4% 4% - 5% 15%
26 Takeaways 1. Improved educational outcomes improves community development outcomes, and vice versa. 2. The achievement gap is established primarily outside of the K12 schools in families and communities. 3. To date, K12 schools have done little to appreciably increase or decrease the gap. 4. Opportunities to decrease the gap exist both inside and around the K12 schoolhouse.
27 Questions educators, community developers, planners, and elected leaders might ask to assess conditions around the schoolhouse.
28 Questions to Consider What is the broad inventory of learning spaces (e.g., schools, prek centers, libraries, museums, playgrounds) across the metropolitan area? How is the inventory distributed relative to young learners--today and 10 years from now? What is the physical condition of the inventory?
29 Questions to Consider Where is birth-to-five programming offered across the region? How do participation rates vary among eligible learners? Is the nature of programming different across geography? Is it evidence-based?
30 Questions to Consider Regionally, how much is spent on afterschool programming? How many different agencies deliver it? Does it appear enrollees are making more progress in school than non-enrollees? Who is served and who is missed?
31 Questions to Consider What is the spatial relationship between high schools and postsecondary institutions? How does that affect collaboration and opportunities for dual enrollment and other methods of accelerated learning?
32 Recap: Planning and policy approaches Improved coordination Better data to connect demographics and education outcomes Access (affordable housing, transit, jobs) Quality communities: quality schools
33 Reactions from attendees/stakeholders Overall, high satisfaction with the event and presentation Recognition for integrating education, economic development and scenario planning Mixed reaction regarding what to do with information: Relief/excitement from teachers, community leaders (especially from communities of color) Disagreements over problem definition Revealed prejudices about why educational attainment is low
34 Regional Plan Recommendations & Strategies
35 Improve Economic Competitiveness & Education
36 Invest in Complete Communities
37 Increase Transportation Choice
38 Regional Plan Strategies Increase mixed income housing, providing affordable housing in areas with great schools Improve proximity and safety: infill, mixed use, TOD, design for multiple modes Develop school siting and rehab prioritization criteria Prioritize the school environment for children, encouraging development that better supports existing schools Free preschools and all-day kindergarten Support events and educational programs that address disparities/improve social equity Partner with Safe Routes to Schools Promote the integration of schools, parks and community services into neighborhoods Review the impacts of restrictive zoning on the educational system
39 Why Don t We Address Public Schools? Community Preference Surveys from Realtors and APA APA & AICP Codes APA Policy Guides Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
40 Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
41 Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
42 Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
43 Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
44 APA s Codes and Policy Guides? APA Code AICP Code of Ethics APA Policy Guides Smart Growth Redevelopment Housing Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
45 Why Should Planners Address Public Schools? To acknowledge that many issues outside of the classroom affect student learning To adopt goals and actions that support education improvements To improve coordination between local planning and school districts To acknowledge that great communities need great schools Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
46 Perspective as Former Carson City School Board Member Appointed to fill term from June 2013 to December 2014 Learned about the funding challenges and complicated funding formulas for Nevada School Districts Transition to Star Ranking System Critical role of School District in Economic Development and Recruitment Efforts Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
47 Carson City School District New Five Year Strategic Plan Race to Top Grant in 2012 Strong Community Partnerships Cohesive School Board & Stability with Superintendent Richard Stokes Importance of marketing & communication strategies Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
48 Proposed APA Interest Group on Public Schools Mission Statement: The mission of the public schools interest group is to create stronger linkages between the planning profession and public school districts in order to support and strengthen public schools and in so doing, create stronger neighborhoods and stronger cities. The interest group will explore and promote best practices to support public schools in order to improve education outcomes for students and improve community revitalization efforts. Areas of focus will include: Expanding planners knowledge of the external factors that affect student education outcomes Creating Model Education Elements in the Master Plan Highlighting best practices in school facility planning, including school siting and school closures Highlighting the connection between public education and the economic vitality of neighborhoods and communities Creating strategies to reduce economic and racial segregation in public schools and surrounding neighborhoods Highlighting the Community Schools Model Exploring different models of collaboration between local planning departments and public school districts. Exploring different models of public school governance and school choice. Candace H. Stowell, AICP Urban Planning Consultant
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