1 Kingdom of Cambodia Expert Group Meeting on Regional Cooperation towards Building an Information Society in Asia and the Pacific July 20-22, 22, 2009 UNCC, Bangkok, Thailand Presented by: Vat CHUN Cambodia
2 Contents 1 A few words about Cambodia 2 Current status of ICT development 3 Challenges 4 National ICT development policy and plan 5 Conclusion
3 A few words about Cambodia General Status Information Total Geographical Area (Sq.Kms): 181,035 Provinces: 24 Population (Million): 13.8 GDP Per capita (USD): 685 3
4 Contents 1 A few words about Cambodia Overview 2 Current status of ICT development 3 Challenges 4 National ICT development policy and plan 5 Conclusion
5 Current telecom services Telecom international gateway: Telecom Cambodia (001) Royal Telecam International (007) Voice services: Fixed phone subscribers: around 42,000 (TC, Camintel and WLL-Mfone) cover in all provinces except TC is covering in some major cities and provinces a long the optical fiber network. Mobile mhone subscribers: around 4.2 Million (8 companies) and cover in all cities and provinces in Cambodia. VoIP service providers: There are 15 VoIP service providers on operation
6 Mobile phone market Mobile market: (February 2009) CamGSM 2.1 Millions Subs TMIC Subs Mfone Subs Applifone Subs CADCOMMS (3G) Subs Viettel Subs Latelz Subs GT-Tell Subs SoTelco just launching service, May 2009
7 Fixed phone market Fixed phone market: 42,000 subscribers: Telecom Cambodia (T.C.): 23,500 subscribers Camintel : 14,500 subscribers MFone (WLL) : 4,000 subscribers
8 Telephone subscriber statistics
9 Current telecom network Mfone Mfone Cadcomms Cadcomms CamGSM CamGSM Excel Excel Latelz Latelz Star-Cell Star-Cell TMIC TMIC Vietel Vietel Others Others TELCOM TELCOM CAMBODIA CAMBODIA CAMINTEL CAMINTEL TC TC PSTN PSTN Transit Transit Switch Switch Local IP Backbone/ ISPs Mobile Operators Transit Switch TC IP-GW VoIP VoIP TC GW 001 TC TGW Vietel-Cambodia TGW VSAT VSAT 007 satellite satellite O/F O/F -> Lao -> Vietnam -> Vietnam -> Vietnam Mobile Operator Access Codes - MFONE: 085, 011, CADCOMMS: CAMGSM: 012, 017, 089, 092 -CAMINTEL: -EXCEL: LATELZ: 010, STAR CELL: 086, TMIC: 015, 016, TC (Telecom Cambodia) : - VIETTEL (Cambodia): 097 NOTES TC TGW: TC Transmission Gateway O/F: Optical Fiber SNG HUB: Singapore Hub IP: Internet Protocol IP-GW: Internet Protocol Gateway PSTN: Public Switched Telephone Network VoIP: Voice over Internet Protocol VSAT: Very Small Aperture Terminal 9
10 Internet services Internet access services Dial up service Broadband services: ADSL/Leased Internet, Wireless Internet Satellite broadband Internet access Web hosting Total international bandwidth total around 112Mbps Via Optical Fiber: IP transit connect to VTI/VDC Vietnam and CAT Thailand. Satellite broadband Internet (SBI): Local SBI hub: ipstar satellite, Hybrid Ku/Ka band Operating by Thaicom company Total subscriber: around 1000 Internet backbone: total around 550Mbps Via Satellite: around 150Mbps (connect to Singapore, US, Hong Kong and Germany) Via Optical Fiber: around 400Mbps ( IP transit connect to Vietnam and Thailand).
11 Internet services Internet Subscriber growth from Item Feb 2009 Total Number of Internet Subscribers
12 National backbone Oudor Mean chey Preah Vihea LAOS PDR Nak Loeung Bavet STM- 16Svay Rieng Poi Pet STM- 16 Ban teay Mean chey Battam bong Kra lanh Siem Reap Pursat Dom Dek Kampong Kdei Stung Kampong Thom Kampong Kampon Thmor g Skun Cham Stoeung Treng STM- KamPong 16 Chhnang STM- 16 Kratie VIET NAM Phnom Penh Kampong Speu Takeo Sihnouk Kam pot Ville Submarine Cable Legend : Currently Installed Routes Aprox. 750 km : New Optical Fiber network by GMS : JBIC Project : Vietel Cambodia
13 E-Government The Cambodian government has already launched e- government for all ministries. This e-government initiative allows to share information and exchange documents within and between ministries, and to create the national database for the country. Within Cambodia, NiDA is the authority making ICT policy and strategies to promote ICT for all public institutions, private sector and government ministries, especially to organize and administrate the e-government. Two e-government projects have been implemented so far, the government administrative information system (GAIS) and the provincial administrative information system (PAIS).
14 GAIS application and architecture Ministry of Public Works and Transport Ministry of Country Planning Urbanization and Construction Ministry of Interior Other Ministries 1 EAS sever + 10 PC Clients each GAIS Project Common functions (Security, Statistic data, Access Control etc) Internet Internet Vehicle Resident Real Estate Motor- cycle EAS 5 Applications Phnom Penh Municipality 7 Districts 76 Communes 30 PC Clients Management, Statistics, Adjustment and Registrations 10 PC Clients Each Management, Statistics, Adjustment and Registrations 2 PC Clients Each Real Estate and Resident Registrations (Family book, etc)
15 PAIS configuration
16 Overall network
17 Contents 1 A few words about Cambodia 2 Current status of ICT development 3 Challenges 4 National ICT development policy and plan 5 Conclusion
18 Challenges Basic infrastructures. Electricity. Telecom and ICT infrastructure. Costs of ICT commodities and Internet connection. ICT related laws and regulations.
19 Contents 1 A few words about Cambodia 2 Current status of ICT development 3 Challenges 4 National ICT development policy and plan 5 Conclusion
20 Objectives To improve productivity and efficiency of clerical work at governmental offices (Back Office Service) To provide better services to private enterprises and citizens (Front Office Service) To create data bases containing various types of information that people need and can get access at any place and at any time To promote development of industry To strengthen the legal system and law enforcement To strengthen Good Governance and broaden citizen participation
21 National ICT policy In 2003, the government adopted a policy to use ICT as a potential enabler for national socio-economic and social development. Promoting the use of modern technologies to enable to respond to the current needs in all the sectors. In the short run use ICT to serve and to meet the day-to to- day needs of the people. Promote the use of ICT in public sector to provide quick response, efficiency, transparency and good governance. Cambodian ICT policy follows with the digital divide opportunity which focuses on 5 core development agendas.
22 E-Government development plan e-government System: Vertical Enhancement D-WAN P-WAN Pr-WAN Towards Entire e-government System Towards Entire G-WAN C-WAN V-WAN Network Infrastructure: Horizontal Expansion Keys P-WAN: Phnom Penh WAN (existing) (1) Pr-WAN: Provinces WAN (23) D-WAN: Districts WAN (185) C-WAN: Communes WAN (1,622) V-WAN: Villages WAN (13,866)
23 Contents 1 A few words about Cambodia 2 Current Status of ICT development 3 Challenges 4 National ICT development policy and plan 5 Conclusion
24 Conclusion It has been observed in current years that ICT development was remarkable due to the active private sector participation. The Government should take a lead in infrastructure and the related utilities development to pave the way forward. All stakeholders shall involve in the ICT development toward to build the information society. Private sector should play a key partnership role in building the information society. To assure the sustainability, necessary measurements, regulations, and laws should be in place.
25 25 Thank You! More Info: 25