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1 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries 419 SOURCES AFGHANISTAN Mining and Index Coal Electricity Central Statistics Office (CSO). Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , For , CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2001; and past issues. For , CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2001; and past issues. For , CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For 1989, IMF. International Financial Statistics Yearbook 1995 and April For , Da Afghanistan Bank (DAB). Official Communication, 2 May CSO. Official Communication, 10 April 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For 1989, IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May For , DAB. Official Communication, 10 April IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May ARMENIA For , ADB. Staff estimates based on the data submitted by the National Statistics Services (NSS) of Armenia. Official Communication, 20 April For 2006, NSS. Official Communication, 4 April NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past Wholesale price index IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May Central Bank of Armenia. Official Communication, 25 April 2007; and past For , NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past For 2006, Ministry of Finance and Economy Website.

2 420 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries NSS. Official Communication, 4 April 2007; and past For , IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May For , NSS. Official Communication, 4 April IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May AZERBAIJAN State Statistical Committee of Azerbaijan Republic (SSC). Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and other publications. For 1989, ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific For , SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past Indexes Mining For 1989, ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific Industry For , SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past For 1989, ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past communication; and Website. National Bank of Azerbaijan (NBA). Official Communication, 9 April 2007; and other publications. SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past SSC. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past Direction of Trade IMF. Direction of Trade and Statistics CD ROM. May NBA. Official Communication, 9 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May BANGLADESH Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics (BBS). Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past For , BBS. Monthly Statistical Bulletin, September 1998; and past issues. For , BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past

3 421 Indexes Mining Crude petroleum and Coal Natural gas and Electricity BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 1998; and past issues. For , BBS. Official Communication, 29 April For , BBS. Monthly Statistical Bulletin, June 1995; and past issues. For , BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past For , BBS. Monthly Statistical Bulletin, June 1995; and past issues. For , BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past For , Bangladesh Bank. Bank Bulletin, July September 1996; and past issues. For , BB. Official Communication, 12 April 2007; and past BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past For , BB. Official Communication, 12 May For 2005, BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past Trade Indexes BBS. Official Communication, 29 April 2007; and past Bangladesh Bank. Official Communication, 12 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. BHUTAN National Statistical Bureau (NSB). Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past NSB. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , NSB. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past For , Royal Monetary Authority of Bhutan (RMAB). Selected Economic Indicators, December 1998; and past issues. For , NSB. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past RMAB. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. Ministry of Finance. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past For , NSB. Foreign Trade Statistics of Bhutan; Statistical Yearbook For , RMAB. Selected Economic Indicators, December 2006; and past issues. For 2006, MOF Website. Exports, by principal commodity NSB. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past

4 422 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries RMAB. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past IMF. International Finance Statistics CD ROM. May BRUNEI DARUSSALAM Department of Statistics (DOS). Official Communication, 3 May Urban population World Bank. World Development Indicators Online. DOS. Official Communication, 3 May DOS. Official Communication, 3 May 2007; and other publications. DOS. Official Communication, 3 May Index Crude petroleum For production: For , DOS. Official Communication, 3 May 2007; and other publications. For exports: For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1998; and past issues. For , DOS. Official Communication, 3 May For consumption: UN. Statistics Yearbook 2004; and past issues. Natural gas DOS. Statistical Yearbook 2005; and past issues. Electricity DOS. Official Communication, 3 May DOS. Official Communication, 3 May For , DOS. Statistical Yearbook 2003; and past issues. For , Ministry of Finance (MOF). Official Communication, 30 April Interest Rates MOF. Official Communication, 30 April For , DOS. Official Communication, 26 June For , IMF. Country Report No. 06/428. DOS. Official Communication, 3 May For , IMF. Country Report No. 99/19; and past reports. For , DOS. Official Communication, 3 May For , IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May 2007; and other publications. IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May CAMBODIA National Institute of Statistics (NIS). Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past

5 423 Indexes NIS. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past NIS. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past For , For , NIS. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past NIS. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past For , IMF. Staff estimates. For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific For , NIS. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and other publications. For , National Bank of Cambodia (NBC). Official Communication, 15 January NIS. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past Expenditure by Function NBC. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past For , IMF. Staff estimates. NIS. Official Communication, 20 May 2002; and past For , Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF). Official Communication, 11 May 2007; and past For , NIS. Official Communication, 27 June 2004; and past For , Ministry of Economy and Finance (MEF). Official Communication, 11 May 2007; and past For , ADB. Economic Mission, May For , NIS. Official Communication, 27 June For , NBC. Official Communication, 30 March 2007; and past Exports, by principal commodity For , ADB. Economic Review and Bank Operations, August For , NBC. Official Communication, 30 March 2007; and past NBC. Official Communication, 30 March IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May CHINA, PEOPLE S REPUBLIC OF Indexes National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications. NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications. NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications. NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications. NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications.

6 424 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries Implicit GDP deflator NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications. NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and other publications. People s Bank of China (PBC). Official Communication, 14 May 2007; and past NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and past NBS. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and past PBC. Official Communication, 14 May 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May Exchange rates COOK ISLANDS For , Cook Islands Statistics Office (CISO). Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin For , CISO. Official Communication, 24 May For , CISO. Survey of Employment, Wages and Salaries. For 2001, CISO Website. For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin 2003; and past issues. For , CISO. Official Communication, 5 May and 21 June For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin For , CISO Website. For 2006, CISO. Official Communication, 24 May For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin For , CISO. Official Communication, 24 May For , ADB. Cook Islands Economic Performance, Issues and Strategies, July For , CISO. Cook Islands Quarterly Statistical Bulletin, September 2003; and past issues. For , CISO. Official Communication, 24 May 2007; and past For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin For , CISO. Official Communication, 24 May 2007; and past For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin For , CISO. Official Communication, 24 May 2007; and past Direction of Trade For , CISO. Cook Islands Annual Statistical Bulletin 2004; Cook Islands Quarterly Statistical Bulletin, September 2003; and past issues. For , CISO. Official Communication, 24 May 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May OECD. Statistical Compendium CD ROM

7 425 FIJI ISLANDS Urban population For , Bureau of Statistics. Current Economic Statistics, March 2000; and past issues. For , Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past UN. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision. For , World Bank. World Development Indicators Online. May For , Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past Employment by industry For , Bureau of Statistics. Current Economic Statistics, December For , Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past For 1989, Bureau of Statistics. Current Economic Statistics, March For , Bureau of Statistics. Key Statistics, December 2004; and past issues. For , Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, May Indexes Mining For , Bureau of Statistics. Current Economic Statistics, March For , Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, May For , UN. Statistics Yearbook For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past Reserve Bank of Fiji (RBF). Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For and , RBF. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , BS. Official Communication, 28 April Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April Bureau of Statistics. Official Communication, 27 April IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. GEORGIA Department Of Statistics (DOS). Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and Website. DOS. Official Communication, 27 April DOS. Official Communication, 27 April Indexes DOS. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications.

8 426 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries DOS. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications. DOS. Official Communication, 27 April National Bank of Georgia (NBG). Official Communication, 3 April DOS. Official Communication, 27 April NBG. Official Communication, 3 April IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May HONG KONG, CHINA Urban population Mining Indexes Coal Electricity Retail prices Census and Statistics Department (C&SD). Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past World Bank. World Development Indicator Online. C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications. C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications. C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications. C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications. C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past Hong Kong Monetary Authority. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and other publications. C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past C&SD. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. OECD. Statistical Compendium CD ROM

9 427 INDIA Central Statistical Organization (CSO). Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past CSO. National Sample Survey Reports, Rounds 50 to 61. CSO. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and other publications. Indexes Mining For , Reserve Bank of India (RBI). Handbook of Statistics on the Indian Economy 2002/03. For , CSO. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and other publications. CSO. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and other publications. RBI. Official Communication, 10 May 2007; and other publications. Ministry of Finance. Official Communication, 5 June RBI. Official Communication, 10 May 2007; and other publications. Exports, by principal commodity CSO. Official Communication, 8 May RBI. Official Communication, 10 May IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. INDONESIA For , , Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 2 May 2005; and past Urban population For 1995 and 1999, CBS. Welfare Indicators 1998; For 2000, CBS Website. For 2005, CBS. Official Communication, 22 June CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past Labor force participation rate For 1990 and 1994, CBS. Statistik Dalam 50 Tahun Indonesia Merdeka Indexes For , , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For 1997, CBS. National Income of Indonesia CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past

10 428 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries For , CBS. Economic Indicators, February 1999; and past issues. For , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past Crude petroleum For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 1 April For , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past Consumption For , UN. Statistical Yearbook Coal Natural Gas Consumption Electricity Retail prices Wholesale price index CBS. Official Communication, 7 May 2007; and past For , UN. Statistical Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , CBS. Official Communication, 7 May 2007; and past For , 1998, , UN. Statistical Yearbook 2004; and past issues. For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 23 May 2001; and past For , CBS. Official Communication, 28 May 2004; and past For , PT PLN (Persero) Website. For 1989, Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 28 December 1990; and past For , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2005; and past For , PT Pertamina (Persero) Website. For , CBS. Statistical Yearbook 1998; and past issues. For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 30 April For , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , CBS. Statistical Yearbook 1998; and past issues. For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 30 April For , CBS Website. For , CBS. Official Communication, 7 May For , Bank Indonesia. Indonesian Financial Statistics,, March 1996; and past issues. For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 1 April For 1995, CBS. Official Communication, 9 April For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past For , CBS. Economic Indicators, February 1999; and past issues. For , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past For , IMF. Balance of Payment Statistics CD ROM. May For , Bank Indonesia. Official Communication, 2 May 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. KAZAKHSTAN Agency on Statistics of the Republic of Kazakhstan (ASK). Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past

11 429 Indexes Mining Retail prices ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past For , ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past For , Agency for German Technical Cooperation. International Fuel Prices 2007; and past issues. ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past National Bank of Kazakhstan (NBK). Official Communication, 30 April 2007; and past ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past ASK. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past NBK. Official Communication, 30 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May For , NBK. Official Communication, 28 April 2004; and past For , IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May KIRIBATI For , Statistics Office. Ministry of Finance (MOF). Official Communication, 16 May 2006; and other publications. For 2006, ADB. Staff estimates. Urban population For 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005, Statistics Office. Official Communication, 30 March 2007; and other publications. For 1990, 1995, 2000, and 2005, Statistics Office. Official Communication, 30 March 2007; other publications. Index Statistics Office. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past For , Statistics Office. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past Statistics Office. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and other publications. Statistics Office. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past Statistics Office. Official Communication, 4 June 2007; and past Statistics Office. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past

12 430 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries Statistics Office. Official Communication, 25 May IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May For , National Economic Planning Office. Economic Statement For , IMF Article IV Consultation with Kiribati, 21 September 2001; Public Information Notice No. 03/82, 7 July KOREA, REPUBLIC OF Urban population Indexes Mining National Statistical Office (NSO). Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past UN. World Urbanization Prospects: The 2005 Revision Database Online. NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past Bank of Korea (BOK). Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past BOK. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past Debt Service Average terms of new commitments NSO. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. For , For , BOK. Official Communication, 15 May KYRGYZ REPUBLIC National Statistical Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic (NSC). Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past

13 431 Indexes Industry NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past For , ADB. Economic Review and Bank Operations, October For , NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past For , ADB. Economic Review and Bank Operations, November For , National Bank of Kyrgyz Republic (NBKR). Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past For 1989, ADB. Economic Report and Bank Operations, November For , NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past NSC. Official Communication, 5 May 2007; and past Direction of Trade IMF. Direction of Trade and Statistics CD ROM. May NBKR. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May LAO PDR Urban population For , , NSC. Official Communication, 28 April 2006; and other publications. For , 2006, ADB. Staff estimates; and other publications. World Bank. World Development Indicators Online. For 1989, 1991, Bank of Lao PDR (BOL). Official Communication, 24 June For , 1996, ADB. Country Economic Review, September 1998; and past issues. For 1990, 1995, , NSC. Official Communication, 18 May Mining Index Expenditure by Function NSC. Official Communication, 21 May 2007; and past communication; and other publications. NSC. Official Communication, 21 May 2007; and past communication; and other publications. NSC. Official Communication, 21 May 2007; and past BOL. Official Communication, 10 May 2007; and past For , BOL. Official Communication, 30 April 2002; and past For 1992, ADB. Country Economic Review, September For , Ministry of Finance (MOF). Official Communication, 29 May For , NSC. Official Communication, 30 May 1996; and past For , BOL. Official Communication, 16 May 2006; and past BOL. Official Communication, 10 May 2007; and past

14 432 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries BOL. Official Communication, 10 May 2007; and past Direction of Trade IMF. Direction of Trade Statistics, May IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May MALAYSIA Department of Statistics (DOS). Official Communication, 28 April 2006; and past DOS. Official Communication, 29 June 2007; and past DOS. Official Communication, 29 June 2007; and past For , Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM). Quarterly Bulletin, Third Quarter Mining For , DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and other publications. Cement, Iron and Steel Bars and Rods, Kerosene, Prepared Animal Feeds, LPG and Refined Sugar: For , BNM. Quarterly Bulletin, Third Quarter For , DOS Website. June 2007; and past Diesel Oil, Fuel Oil, and Wheat Flour: DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and other publications. Indexes Mining For , BNM. Quarterly Bulletin, Third Quarter For , DOS Website. June 2007; and other publications. Crude petroleum, Exports and Imports: For , , DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past For , UN. Statistics Yearbook Consumption: UN. Statistics Yearbook 2004; and past issues. Coal, Exports and Imports: For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and other publications. Consumption: UN. Statistics Yearbook 2004; and past issues. Electricity Retail prices For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and other publications. For , DOS. Official Communication, 14 July 2006; and past DOS. Official Communication, 28 April 2007; and other publications. BNM. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past BNM. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past For , BNM. Quarterly Bulletin, Third Quarter 1997.

15 433 For , DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and other publications. DOS. Official Communication, 15 May 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. MALDIVES Ministry of Planning and National Development (MPND). Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past For 1990, Maldives Monetary Authority (MMA). Official Communication, 11 April For 1995 and 2001, MPND. Official Communication, 6 May 2002; and past Index MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past For , Ministry of Planning, Human Resources and Environment (MPE), Statistical Yearbook 1997; and past issues. For , MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past Electricity For 1989, MPE. National Development Plan For , MPE. Statistical Yearbook For , MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past Consumption For 1989, MPE. National Development Plan For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific For , MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past For , MMA. Official Communication, 6 May For , MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past MMA. Official Communication, 4 May 2007; and past For , MPND. Official Communication, 24 May For , Ministry of Finance and Treasury. Official Communication, 9 April 2007; and past Exports, by principal commodity MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past For , MMA Website. For , MPND. Official Communication, 26 April 2007; and past MMA. Official Communication, 4 May IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May 2007.

16 434 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries MARSHALL ISLANDS Urban population For , Office of Planning and Statistics (OPS). Marshall Islands Statistical Abstract 2001; and past issues. For , Economic Policy, Planning and Statistics Office (EPPSO). Official Communication, 25 May World Bank. World Development Indicators Online. For , OPS. Official Communication, 25 May For 2004, EPPSO. Statistical Yearbook Indexes Direction of Trade For , OPS. Marshall Islands Statistical Abstract 2001; and past issues. For , EPPSO. Official Communication, 28 May For , OPS. Marshall Islands Statistical Abstract 1999; and past issues. For , EPPSO. Official Communication, 25 May 2007; and past For , OPS. Official Communication, 25 May 2001; and other publications. For , EPPSO. Official Communication, 25 May 2007; and other publications. For , OPS. Marshall Islands Statistical Abstract 1999; and past issues. For , EPPSO. Official Communication, 25 May 2007; and other publications. IMF. Article IV Consultation with the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 8 March 2006; and other publications. For , OPS. Marshall Islands Statistical Abstract 2001; and past issues. For , EPPSO. Official Communication, 25 May For , OPS. Official Communication, 25 May 2001; and other publications. For , EPPSO. Official Communication, 25 May For , IMF. Recent Economic Developments, 15 June 1998; and past issues. For , Government of Marshall Islands. Meto2000 Economic Report; Statement of Development Strategies, April For , IMF. Article IV Consultation with the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 8 March For , IMF. Recent Economic Developments, 15 June For , Government of Marshall Islands. Meto2000 Economic Report; Statement of Development Strategies, April For , IMF. Article IV Consultation with the Republic of the Marshall Islands, 8 March MICRONESIA, FEDERATED STATES OF Department of Economic Affairs (DEA). Official Communication, 6 June 2007; and past For 1990 and 1994, Office of Planning and Statistics (OPS) and Housing Census Report; and other publications. For 1997, 1998, and 2000, DEA and Housing Census Report; and other publications. DEA. Official Communication, 7 April 2006; and other publications. For , IMF. Staff estimates, 22 February For , DEA. FSM Statistical Yearbook 2002; and past issues. DEA Website.

17 435 Direction of Trade Exports Imports DEA. FSM Statistical Yearbook 2005; and past issues. DEA. Official Communication, 7 April 2006; and other publications. DEA. Official Communication, 6 June 2007; and other publications. DEA. Official Communication, 6 June 2007; and other publications. DEA. Official Communication, 6 June 2007; and other publications. For , Government of the Federated States of Micronesia. Report to the Consultative Group of Donors Meeting, October For , DEA. Official Communication, 7 April 2006; and other publications. IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May DEA. Official Communication, 7 April 2006; and other publications. MONGOLIA Index Coal and Electricity Retail prices Gasoline Diesel National Statistical Office (NSO). Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and other publications. NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and other publications. NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and other publications. For and 1992, ADB. Economic Mission, July 1993; and other publications. For 1991 and , NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and past For and 1992, ADB. Economic Mission, July 1993; and other publications. For 1991, NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and past For , German Agency for Technical Cooperation. International Fuel Prices For , IMF. Mongolia Towards a Market Economy, April For , NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and past For 1989, ADB. Economic Review and Bank Operations, June For , Bank of Mongolia (BOM). Official Communication, 5 April 2007; and past Interest Rates For , BOM. Official Communication, 5 April 2007; and other publications. NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and past NSO. Official Communication, 20 April 2007; and other publications. BOM. Official Communication, 5 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May 2007.

18 436 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries MYANMAR Urban population Labor force participation rate For 1989, , Ministry of National Planning and Economic Development (MNPED). Review of the Financial, Economic and Social Conditions 1995/96; and past issues. For 1990, , Central Statistical Organization (CSO). Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and other publications. For , ADB. Staff estimates. World Bank. World Development Indicators Online. For 1989, , CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past For , MNPED. Review of the Financial, Economic and Social Conditions 1995/96; and past issues. CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and other publications. For , MNPED. Review of the Financial, Economic and Social Conditions for 1995/96; and past issues. For , CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past Indexes CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past Mining Crude petroleum Coal Consumption, Imports Natural gas Consumption Electricity Consumption Retail prices MNPED. Official Communication, 24 August 1999; and other publications. UN. Statistics Yearbook 2004; and past issues. For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and other publications. UN. Statistics Yearbook 1998; and past issues. For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1998; and past issues. For , CSO Website. 11 June 2007; and other publications. UN. Statistics Yearbook 2004; and past issues. For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and other publications. For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1995; and past issues. For , CSO Website. 11 June 2007; and other publications. CSO. Official Communication, 11 April 1997; and past CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past For , CSO. Official Communication, 11 April 1997; and past For , MNPED. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past CSO. Official Communication, 22 June 2001; and past

19 437 CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and other publications. Direction of Trade IMF. Direction of Trade Statistics, CD ROM. May Trade Indexes For , MNPED. Review of the Financial, Economic and Social Conditions for 1995/96. For , CSO. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past MNPED. Official Communication, 5 June 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May NAURU For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific For 1992, Nauru Bureau of Statistics (NBS) Website. For , 2003 and 2005, ADB. Staff estimates. For 2002, 2004; 2006, Secretariat of the Pacific Community (SPC). Pacific Islands s Online. Urban population For 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2005, United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD). World Prospects: The 2006 Revision Database Online. For 2002, SPC. The Pacific Islands s 2004 Online. For , ESCAP. Statistical Indicators for Asia and the Pacific ADB. Economic Report Labor force participation rate NBS Website. UNSD Website. For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2004; and past issues. For , UNSD. Common Database Online. For , ADB. Economic Management Report For , ADB. Country Assistance Plan ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2003; and past issues. Direction of Trade IMF. Direction of Trade Statistics CD ROM. November IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May NEPAL For , Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Statistical Yearbook of Nepal For , CBS. Official Communication, 16 April 2007; and past Urban population CBS Website. Monograph of Nepal 2003, Volume 1. For , CBS. of Nepal 1999; and past issues. For , CBS. Official Communication, 16 April 2007; and past For , Ministry of Finance (MOF). Economic Survey 1996/97. For , CBS. Official Communication, 16 April 2007; and past

20 438 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries Indexes For , Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB). Official Communication, 26 April 2005; and past For , MOF. Economic Survey For , CBS. Official Communication, 16 April 2007; and past Coal For , UN. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific For , NRB. Official Communication, 26 April Electricity For , MOF. Economic Survey For , NRB. Official Communication, 26 April Retail prices For , CBS. Official Communication, 18 April 1999; and past For , NRB. Official Communication, 26 April 2006; and past NRB. Quarterly Economic Bulletin Mid-October 2006 Mid-January Implicit GDP deflator For , MOF. Economic Survey 1996/97. For , CBS. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past For , MOF. Economic Survey For , NRB. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past For , MOF. Economic Survey For , NRB. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past NRB. Quarterly Economic Bulletin Mid October 2006 Mid January For , IMF. Balance of Payment Statistics CD ROM. May For , NRB. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. PAKISTAN Indexes Mining Federal Bureau of Statistics (FBS). Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and past FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. State Bank of Pakistan (SBP). Official Communication, 6 April 2007; and past

21 439 Ministry of Finance. Official Communication, 7 May 2007; and past FBS. Official Communication, 22 May 2007; and other publications. SBP. Official Communication, 6 April 2007; and past IMF. International Finacial Statistics Online. PALAU For the census years 1990, 1995 and 2000, Bureau of Budget and Planning Ministry of Finance (BBP MOF). Official Communication, 10 June For non census years between , ADB. Staff estimates. For 2005, BBP MOF. Census of and Housing Online. For 2006, Secretariat of the Pacific Community Website. For 1990, 1995, and 2000, BBP MOF. Official Communication, 10 June For 2005, Government of Palau. 11th Annual Report, Republic of Palau s Implementation of the Compact of Free Association, FY For , BBP MOF. Official Communication, 10 June For , Government of Palau. 11th Annual Report, Republic of Palau s Implementation of the Compact of Free Association, FY For , For 2004, UNSD. Common Database Online. For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific 2004; and past issues. For 2003, UNSD. Common Database Online. For , BBP MOF. Official Communication, 10 June 2005; and other publications. For 2006, ADB. Asian Development Outlook For , BBP MOF. Official Communication, 10 June 2005; and other publications. For , IMF. Country Report No. 06/108, March IMF. Country Report No. 06/108, March 2006; and past country reports. Direction of Trade For , IMF. Country Report No. 06/108, March For , BBP MOF Website. For , BBP MOF. Official Communication, 10 June For , IMF. Country Report No. 06/108, March For , OECD. Statistical Compendium CD ROM For , IMF. Country Report No. 06/108, March PAPUA NEW GUINEA For and 2005, National Statistical Office (NSO). Official Communication, 9 June 2006; and past For 2004; 2006, ADB. Staff estimates. For , NSO, National Income, Expenditure and Product, ; and past issues; Website, June For , Department of Treasury. National Budget Volume 1 Online.

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23 441 Expenditure by Function Provincial and other local governments Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP). Official Communication, 25 April 2007; and past Bureau of the Treasury (BTr). Official Communication, 11 April 2007; and past NSCB. Official Communication, 30 April 2007; and past For , NSCB. Official Communication, 11 April For 1997, NSO. Foreign Trade Statistics of the Philippines, For , NSO. Official Communication, 30 April 2007; and past Trade Indexes NSO. Official Communication, 18 April 2007; and past BSP. Official Communication, 25 April IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. SAMOA For , ESCAP. Statistical Yearbook for Asia and the Pacific For 1991 and 2001, Statistical Services Division (SSD) Website. June For and , ADB. Staff estimates. For 2006, SSD. Official Communication, 9 May SSD Website. May For , Central Bank of Samoa (CBS). Official Communication, 20 March For , Treasury Department of Samoa (TDS). Official Communication, 10 May 2007; and past Indexes For and , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, September 1999; and past issues. For , TDS. Official Communication, 1 April 2003; and past For 1994 and , CBS. Official Communication, 25 April 2007; and past For , UN. Statistics Yearbook For , CBS. Official Communication, 2 May For , TDS. Official Communication, 17 April 2007; and past For , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, December For , TDS. Official Communication, May 2006; and past For 2001, SSD Website. May For ; , SSD. Official Communication, 9 May 2007; and past For , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, September For , TDS. Official Communication, 1 April 2003; and past For , CBS. Official Communication, 25 April 2007.

24 442 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries For , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, December For , CBS. Official Communication, 20 March For , TDS. Official Communication, 17 April 2007; and past For , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, December For ; , CBS. Official Communication, 25 April 2007; and past For , TDS. Official Communication, 1 April 2003; and past Exports, by SITC section SSD Website. May For , SSD. Official Communication, 9 May Trade Indexes For , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, September For , TDS. Official Communication, 1 April 2003; and past For , CBS. Official Communication, 25 April For , IMF. International Financial Statistics CD ROM. May For and , CBS. Official Communication, 25 April 2007; and past For , CBS. Central Bank of Samoa Bulletin, September For , TDS. Official Communication, 1 April 2003; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. SINGAPORE Department of Statistics (DOS). Official Communication, 9 May DOS. Official Communication, 9 May 2007; and past DOS. Official Communication, 9 May 2007; and past Indexes Economic Development Board (EDB). Official Communication, 26 April Crude petroleum For , UN. Statistics Yearbook 1993; and past issues. Coal For , International Enterprise Singapore (IES). Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past Retail prices and electricity DOS. Official Communication, 9 May 2007; and past DOS. Official Communication, 9 May 2007; and past Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS). Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past For , IMF. Statistics Yearbook 2001; and past issues. For , Ministry of Finance. Official Communication, 7 May 2007; and past IES. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past Trade by HS Classification For , DOS. Official Communication, 22 April For , IES. Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past

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26 444 Key Indicators of Developing Asian and Pacific Countries For , IMF. Balance of Payment Statistics CD ROM. May For , CBSI. Quarterly Review, December 2002; Official Communication, 27 April 2007; and past IMF. International Financial Statistics Online. SRI LANKA Central Bank of Sri Lanka (CBSL). Annual Report 2004 Online; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. Annual Report 2004 Online; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past For , Department of Census and Statistics (DCS). Official Communication, 8 April 1998; and past For , CBSL. Official Communication, 12 May 2007; and past For , DCS. Official Communication, 14 April For , CBSL. CBSL Bulletin, August 1997; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past Mining For , DCS. Official Communication, 14 April For , CBSL. CBSL Bulletin, August 1997; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past Index Crude petroleum Electricity Expenditure by Function Trade by SITC section For , DCS. Official Communication, 14 April 1992; and past For , CBSL. Annual Report 2004 Online; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. Annual Report 2004 Online; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. CBSL Bulletin, August 1993; and past issues; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. CBSL Bulletin, August 1993; and past issues; CBSL Annual 2000; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. CBSL Annual Report 2000; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. CBSL Bulletin, August 1997 and past issues; Annual Report 2004 Online; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past CBSL. Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past Trade Indexes CBSL. Annual Report 2004 Online; Official Communication, 23 May 2007; and past

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