JESUS AND DIVORCE Mark 10:1-12

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2 JESUS AND DIVORCE Mark 10:1-12

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10 CONTEXT: 1. Israel has compromised God s standard for marriage and divorce.

11 NEHEMIAH 13: In those days I also saw that the Jews had married women from Ashdod, Ammon and Moab. 24 As for their children, half spoke in the language of Ashdod, and none of them was able to speak the language of Judah, but the language of his own people.

12 NEHEMIAH 13: So I contended with them and cursed them and struck some of them and pulled out their hair, and made them swear by God, You shall not give your daughters to their sons, nor take of their daughters for your sons or for yourselves.

13 MALACHI 2:1-3, And now this commandment is for you, O priests. 2 If you do not listen, and if you do not take it to heart to give honor to My name, says the Lord of hosts, then I will send the curse upon you and I will curse your blessings; and indeed, I have cursed them already, because you are not taking it to heart. 3 Behold, I am going to rebuke your offspring, and I

14 will spread refuse on your faces, the refuse of your feasts; and you will be taken away with it

15 This is another thing you do: you cover the altar of the Lord with tears, with weeping and with groaning, because He no longer regards the offering or accepts it with favor from your hand. 14 Yet you say, For what reason? Because the LORD has been a witness between

16 you and the wife of your youth, against whom you have dealt treacherously, though she is your companion and your wife by covenant. 15 But not one has done so who has a remnant of the Spirit. And what did that one do while he was seeking a godly offspring? Take heed then to your spirit, and let no one deal treacherously against the wife of your youth. 16 For I hate divorce

17 POPULAR RABBIS DURING JESUS TIME

18 POPULAR RABBIS DURING JESUS TIME Shammai: Strict view on divorce

19 POPULAR RABBIS DURING JESUS TIME Shammai: Strict view on divorce Hillel: Liberal view on divorce

20 1. Burned the bread

21 1. Burned the bread 2. She smelled bad

22 1. Burned the bread 2. She smelled bad 3. Talked against your mother

23 1. Burned the bread 2. She smelled bad 3. Talked against your mother 4. Let her hair down in public

24 1. Burned the bread 2. She smelled bad 3. Talked against your mother 4. Let her hair down in public 5. Found someone more attractive

25 1. Burned the bread 2. She smelled bad 3. Talked against your mother 4. Let her hair down in public 5. Found someone more attractive 6. She listened to Nickelback

26 CONTEXT: 1. Israel has compromised God s standard for marriage and divorce. 2. The Pharisees are trying to kill Jesus.

27 MARK 10:1-2 Getting up, He went from there to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan; crowds gathered around Him again, and, according to His custom, He once more began to teach them. Some Pharisees came up to Jesus, testing Him, and began to question Him whether it was lawful for a man to divorce a wife.

28 MATTHEW 19:3 Some Pharisees came to Jesus, testing Him and asking, Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any reason at all?

29 WHY THIS TEST?

30 WHY THIS TEST? Pharisees want to kill Jesus reputation

31 WHY THIS TEST? Pharisees want to kill Jesus reputation Pharisees want Herod to kill Jesus

32 MARK 10:1 Getting up, He went from there to the region of Judea and beyond the Jordan; crowds gathered around Him again, and, according to His custom, He once more began to teach them.

33 JESUS ANSWER

34 MARK 10:3 And He answered and said to them, What did Moses command you?

35 PHARISEES RESPONSE

36 MARK 10:4 They said, Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.

37 DEUTERONOMY 24:1-4 When a man takes a wife and marries her, if then she finds no favor in his eyes because he has found some indecency in her, and he writes her a certificate of divorce and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, and she departs out of his house, 2 and if she goes and becomes another man's wife, 3 and the latter man hates her and writes her a certificate of divorce

38 and puts it in her hand and sends her out of his house, or if the latter man dies, who took her to be his wife, 4 then her former husband, who sent her away, may not take her again to be his wife, after she has been defiled, for that is an abomination before the Lord. And you shall not bring sin upon the land that the Lord your God is giving you for an inheritance.

39 MARK 10:5-9 But Jesus said to them, Because of your hardness of heart he wrote you this commandment. 6 But from the beginning of creation, God made them male and female. 7 For this reason a man shall leave his father and mother 8 and the two shall become one flesh; so they are no longer two, but one flesh. 9 What therefore God has joined together, let no man separate.

40 MODEL FOR MARRIAGE

41 MODEL FOR MARRIAGE Marriage is for one man and one woman.

42 MODEL FOR MARRIAGE Marriage is for one man and one woman. Marriage is a permanent union.

43 MODEL FOR MARRIAGE Marriage is for one man and one woman. Marriage is a permanent union. God blesses marriage

44 DISCIPLES RESPONSE

45 MARK 10:10-12 In the house the disciples began questioning Him about this again. 11 And He said to them, Whoever divorces his wife and marries another woman commits adultery against her; 12 and if she herself divorces her husband and marries another man, she is committing adultery.

46 IS THERE EVER A REASON FOR DIVORCE?

47 JEREMIAH 3:6-10 In the days of King Josiah the Lord asked me, Have you seen what unfaithful Israel has done? She has ascended every high hill and gone under every green tree to prostitute herself there. 7 I thought: After she has done all these things, she will return to Me. But she didn t return, and her treacherous sister Judah saw it. 8 I observed that it was because

48 unfaithful Israel had committed adultery that I had sent her away and had given her a certificate of divorce. Nevertheless, her treacherous sister Judah was not afraid but also went and prostituted herself. 9 Indifferent to her prostitution, she defiled the land and committed adultery with stones and trees. 10 Yet in spite of all this, her treacherous sister Judah didn t return to Me with all her heart only in pretense.

49 MATTHEW 19:9 And I tell you, whoever divorces his wife, except for sexual immorality, and marries another, commits adultery.

50 EXCEPTION: Sexual Immorality, Pornia

51 APPLICATION

52 APPLICATION: 1. Understand why there can be conflict in marriage

53 GENESIS 3: He said to the woman: I will intensify your labor pains; you will bear children in anguish. Your desire will be for your husband, yet he will rule over you. 17 And He said to Adam, Because you listened to your wife s voice and ate from the tree about which I commanded you, Do not eat from it.

54 APPLICATION: 1. Understand why there can be conflict in marriage - Women want to rule

55 APPLICATION: 1. Understand why there can be conflict in marriage - Women want to rule - Men are barbarians or babies

56 APPLICATION: 1. Understand why there can be conflict in marriage - Women want to rule - Men are barbarians or babies 2. Understand the value of your marriage

57 APPLICATION: Loving your spouse is loving your kids

58 APPLICATION: Loving your spouse is loving your kids Loving your spouse builds the church

59 APPLICATION: Loving your spouse is loving your kids Loving your spouse builds the church Loving your spouse impacts the lost

60 APPLICATION: 1. Understand why there can be conflict in marriage. - Women want to rule - Men are barbarians or babies 2. Understand the value of your marriage. 3. Understand the value of character.

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