Multi-Stakeholder Model Internet Governance

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1 Multi-Stakeholder Model Internet Governance Sébastien Bachollet ICANN Board of Directors Odessa, Ukraine, May

2 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

3 The Internet Technology developed since the 1960s Technical specifica9ons: Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) Mul9- stakeholder development Distributed system Network of networks No single owner of the Internet Dynamic Naming System (DNS) since 1980s A hierarchy of name servers with one single Root Fully distributed around the world 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

4 Self- management of these resources has allowed the global Internet to grow from this 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

5 To this 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

6 And, eventually, to this This image is a mathematical map of Internet routing in The colors highlight the geographical and commercial distribution of the Internet's 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa various networks.

7 Internet - An Evolving Ecosystem What s next? Social Media, Apps, Mobile Internet and more VoIP/TV Blogs Social Networking Music/Images/Video Search Engines Wireless Connec9vity 1991 World Wide Web 1972 E- mail 1969 Arpanet /05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa 2012

8 What is Mul9- stakeholder An environment where decisions are taken in concerta9on with Governments Businesses Civil Society Individual users Any other stakeholder not covered by the above 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

9 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa 2012 Source: hap://www.isoc.org/pubpolpillar/docs/internetmodel.pdf 9

10 The Internet Ecosystem ISOC; outreach, training, promoting open use and development of the Internet for all IETF; internet technical standards W3C; World Wide Web Consortium; develops web standards IGF; multistakeholder ( civil society, technical communities and governments) can discuss public policy aspects of the Internet ICANN has a narrow technical mandate in a broad and vibrant ecology 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

11 ICANN Interna9onal Corpora9on for Addresses, Names and Numbers Founded in 1998 Not- for- profit public- benefit corpora9on with par9cipants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes compe99on and develops policy on the Internet s unique iden9fiers: Domain Names IP Addresses Took over these func9ons from the US Government 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

12 V2 ICANN multi-stakeholder model Ombudsman Chair Board of Directors President and CEO Governmental Advisory Committee G A C ICANN Staff MDR 68 SV 11 DC 9 Sydney - 5 Brussels - 5 Other US - 11 Other non-us - 14 Nominating Committee Per ICANN Bylaws, Article VII, section 2 Technical Liaison Group TLG Internet Engineering Task Force IETF ASO GNSO ccnso Regional Internet Registries ARIN RIPE NCC LACNIC APNIC AfriNIC gtld Registries gtld Registrars IP interests ISPs Businesses Universities Consumers cctld registries (.us,.uk,.au,.it,. be,.nl, etc.) At-Large Internet Users (At-Large Advisory Committee, in conjunction with RALOs) ALAC Security & Stability Advisory Committee SSAC Root Server System Advisory Committee RSSAC 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

13 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa Source: hap://gnso.icann.org/meemngs/presentamon- policy- development- 20may10- en.pdf

14 Source: hap://www.atlarge.icann.org/orgchart 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

15 ICANN s Nomina9ng Commi]ee Organiza9onal Chart Staff Support Lead Staff Support Chair Chair Elect Associate Chair Legend Selected by the Board Non- vo9ng Selected by the Chair One representa9ve each from the following organiza9ons and commi]ees ALAC AF Region AP Region EU Region LAC Region NA Region GNSO Registries Stakeholder Group Registrars Stakeholder Group Business Users Cons9tuency (Small) Business Users Cons9tuency (Large) Non- Commercial Users Cons9tuency Internet Service Providers Cons9tuency Intellectual Property Cons9tuency ccnso Terms (years) Board gnso ALAC ASO 2 (NA- EU) Technical Liaison Group IAB for IETF 3 (AF- AP- LAC) GAC 2 (NA- EU) RSSAC ccnso SSAC

16 The ICANN Mission 1. Coordinates the allocation and assignment of the three sets of unique identifiers for the Internet a. Domain Names (forming a System referred to as DNS ) b. Internet Protocol ( IP ) addresses, autonomous system ( AS ) numbers; and c. Protocol port and parameter numbers 2. Coordinates the operation and evolution of the DNS root name server system 3. Coordinates policy development reasonably and appropriately related to these technical functions 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

17 ICANN Participation ICANN has the support of governments 107 including all of the G8 and most of the G20 are in the GAC 116 country code registry managers support the ccsno, and more are joining 140 At-Large Structures (ALS) representing the end-users on around 100 countries ICANN policies regulate the generic name space, coordinate global addressing, and manage the technical parameters ICANN is one player in the Internet ecosystem ICANN needs participation at every level in the multistakeholder structure 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

18 RIR in a model of enhanced, mul9- stakeholder coordina9on to ensure the stability and security of the Internet 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

19 International Foundation for Online Responsibility Sébastien Bachollet IFFOR Board member

20 ICM Registry -.XXX TLD n On 18 th March 2011 ICM Registry was granted the.xxx toplevel domain n ICM Registry works with a not-for-profit organisation to serve as the policy-making body for the.xxx extension n That organisation is the International Foundation for Online Responsibility (IFFOR)

21 IFFOR n IFFOR is a not-for-profit organization n IFFOR is independent from ICM Registry n IFFOR has its own board of directors n IFFOR is led by an Executive Director n IFFOR has its own policy counsel

22 IFFOR The policy counsel consists of n 5 Sponsored Community (adult industry) n 1 Privacy and Security advocate n 1 Free speech advocate n 1 Child protection advocate n 1 ICM Registry representative

23 International Foundation for Online Responsibility

24 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa dsmiley. hap://myigf.com/archives/author/dsmiley/

25 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

26 Sébas9en Bachollet h]p://sebas9en.bachollet.fr/ ICANN Board Member Vice- chair ALAC Business Cons9tuency IFFOR Board Member Isoc France President d honneur 2009 President Egeni President Publica9ons Des souris et des hommes 2005 Géopoli9que de l Internet /05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

27 Sébas9en Bachollet ITEMS Consultant Manager SI & gouvernance d Internet Gérant Fondateur de BBS 7 ans Consultant SI & gouvernance d Internet Cigref 3 ans Délégué Général Adjoint Interna9onal fournisseurs gouvernance SNCF 8 ans Socrate terminaux distribu9on (GL) Stratégie distribu9on & système (GL) DSI adjoint (SNCF) Air Inter 5 ans Marke9ng + système distribu9on 22-23/05/2012 ICANN - ENOG - Odessa

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