1 Aug :38:44 Research projects (1-273 of 273) Search filter: Classifications: Electrical engineering Pilot project for the European Electromobility Observatory (EEO) Abstract: This pilot project has been setup for the preparation of the European Electromobility Observatory The goal of this pilot project is to identify what should and can be monitored at a cross-regional level and how the process of collecting, analyzing and exchanging information can be organized. Sylvia HEYVAERT Cursus "Introduction to nuclear physics" gegeven door Peter Baeten in het kader van: Agreement concerning an interuniversity programme "Master of Nuclear Engineering-Master complémentaire en génie nueléaire" organised within the Framework of the B... Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'SCK-CEN' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Cursus "Introduction to nuclear physics" gegeven door Peter Baeten in het kader van: Agreement concerning an interuniversity programme "Master of Nuclear Engineering-Master complémentaire en génie nueléaire" organised within the Framework of the Belgian Nuclear Higher Education Network (BNEN)'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. PHILIPPE LATAIRE Peter BAETEN Masterplan for electrified transport for Belgium Abstract: This project aims to provide the basis for the development of a strategic Belgian electric vehicle plan. This report: - Summarises the benefits and barriers related to the electric mobility market.. - Provides scenarios for the 2020 EV market targets. - Provides a list of corresponding policy measures to obtain these targets, inclusive milestones. - Provides an estimation of the order of magnitude of the macro financial consequences (gains andlosses). Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Maarten MESSAGIE Kenneth LEBEAU CATHY MACHARIS Gebruik infrastructuur batterijentesters. Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Flanders' Drive cvba' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Gebruik infrastructuur batterijentesters.'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Noshin OMAR PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Modelering van het 900 VDC-net van de metrolijnen 2 en 6 inzake de remenergie. Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'MIVB' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Modelering van het 900 VDCnet van de metrolijnen 2 en 6 inzake de remenergie. '. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement.
2 Ricardo BARRERO FERNANDEZ Low speed sensorless control of electrical motors Abstract: Joint PhD agreement for Fabien Gabriel PHILIPPE LATAIRE Contribution to the modelling of corrosion in electronic components Abstract: Joint PhD agreement for Demeter Andrei Andrei stefan DEMETER Steven VAN DAMME JOHAN DECONINCK Implementatie van een elektrisch voertuigenpark in Vlaanderen aan analyse van de acceptatie van context-gevoelige applicaties bij doelgroepen. Abstract: Implementation of electric vehicles in Flanders Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Maarten MESSAGIE Kenneth LEBEAU CATHY MACHARIS Turning advanced cryptographic techniques into practical security applications. ESAT - COSIC, Computer Security and Indu Bart Preneel Dave Singelée Center for Data Based Modelling and Model Quality Assessment. Abstract: The ultimate goal of the project is to set up and maintain a centre for system identification, summarized in the motto: "From data to model" The aim of this centre is to develop, acquire and disseminate advanced system identification methods. This project follows three lines towards this long term goal: - Development of advanced identification methods for dynamic systems - High risk new challenges: Development of a 'non-asymptotic' identification theory Identification in the presence of noise and model errors - Learning, dissemination, networking: The aim is to acquire and disseminate actively knowledge from/to other fields by offering one year research grants for visitors. Learning: On the one hand we want to acquire system identification methods that are developed in other fields like statistics, econometrics, and are unknown within the control- and measurement society (learning), by hosting specialists of these fields for longer periods. Dissemination: On the other hand, many scientific disciplines face the problem of extracting mathematical models from experimental data, while this does not belong to their core business. Here, we want to give an active support to transfer sound identification methods to these groups, by hosting and paying PhD-students of external (VUB-)groups for a longer period. Networking: Extend the existing international network of post-doc and senior researchers by combining short term and/or long term visits. Electricity RIK PINTELON YVES ROLAIN JOANNES SCHOUKENS Wendy VAN MOER Ludwig DE LOCHT Magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia for the treatment of spinal metastases Abstract: This project proposes the development and the understanding of a therapy that enables on the one hand stabilization of the spine and on the other hand the hyperthermia of the spinal metastatic tumors. Cement loaded with magnetic nanoparticles can be activated through an
3 externally generated magnetic field so that they heat the bone cement and thus the surrounding biological tissue. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Luc Dupré Magnetic nanoparticle hyperthermia for the treatment of spinal metastases Abstract: This project proposes the development and the understanding of a therapy that enables on the one hand stabilization of the spine and on the other hand the hyperthermia of the spinal metastatic tumors. Cement loaded with magnetic nanoparticles can be activated through an externally generated magnetic field so that they heat the bone cement and thus the surrounding biological tissue. Departement of Surgery Dirk Van Roost PHENOVISION: a plant phenotyping robot Abstract: The project consists of developing a facility for fully automated imaging and analysis of plant growth in high-throughput. The PHENOVISION platform consists of a network of conveyor belts installed in a greenhouse on which 400 plants can be grown up to a height of 1.5 meter. The imaging takes place in designated cabinets and comprises RGB, IR, and hyperspectral imaging. Department of Plant Biotechnology and Genetics Godelieve Gheysen Dirk Inzé Dominique Van Der Straeten Monica Höfte Tom Beeckman Kathy Steppe Marie-Christine Van Labeke Geert Haesaert Rony Swennen Accurate non-invasive assessment of dielectric tissue parameters using MRI to investigate electromagnetic fields in humans Abstract: We propose the investigation of non-invasive MRI techniques to create a more reliable database of human dielectric properties. We will apply the accurate values to show improved performance of realistic statistical 3D EM simulations. The societal benefit consists of the improved accuracy of medical diagnosis and better field assessment in humans for improved compliance assessment. Departement of Information technology Wout Joseph VeRONICa: Validation of Research On Nano-electronic Integrated Circuits. Abstract: Electronics has become an essential part of our society. This is mainlythanks to the continuousimprovement of semiconductor technologies. Today, nano technologies allow designers and engineers tobuild and develop highly complex systems and chips for a plethora of applications. The research on suchnovel electronic circuits, integrated in a nano-technology, requires a validation by fabricating and testingthe designed chips. This prototype validation is crucial in this research domain. It strengthens thevalorization potential and increases the relevance of the research. This investment enables the partners(k.u.leuven,ugent, VUB and KHK) to design chips and have them fabricated in order to test them. Thiswill enforce the position of Flanders in the micro-electronics research domain. The different applications,supported bythis investment, are very diverse: it ranges from THz electronics to biomedicalmeasurements, from optical communications to power management of complex chips. ESAT - MICAS, Microelectronics and Senso Georges Gielen Wim Dehaene Michel Steyaert Patrick Reynaert Multi-functional 5G software defined radio testbed. ESAT- TELEMIC, Telecommunications and Mi Guy Vandenbosch Wim Dehaene Liesbet Van der Perre Dominique Schreurs Emmanuel Van Lil Patrick Reynaert Sofie Pollin Marian Verhelst New PV-cell and -module concepts for super high-efficiency non-concentration
4 Jozef Poortmans Manoj Jaysankar Advanced ultra-thin crystalline-silicon solar cells bonded on glass Jozef Poortmans Menglei Xu Marktmodel voor actieve participatie van gedistribueerde energiebronnenin de elektriciteitsmarkt Ronnie Belmans Glenn Plancke Electronics Security Lab. Abstract: In the past decades, devices like cell phones, medical devices, bankingcards and cars have been equipped with embedded electronics and for thenext decades their adoption in our everyday life will continue. RFID tags are placed on goods and devices, sensor devices are being implanted in animals and humans. This phenomenon is driven by the decreasing cost of computing and the increase of capabilities of embedded devices. It implies an augmented risk of misuse of sensitive data, hence security is key. Implementation attacks are attacks where an adversary extracts information from the physical properties of the electronic device under use. Because these devices are to everybody's disposal, they represent a serious threat. Research communities have done a large effort to keep ahead of the adversaries by investigation attacks and countermeasures. By now, attacks are more complex. Laser fault injection techniques and scanning the electromagnetic radiation surrounding embedded devices are nece ESAT - COSIC, Computer Security and Indu Ingrid Verbauwhede Nele Mentens Multi-functional millimeter wave measurement equipment. Abstract: Today's citizens consider it for granted to have wireless communicationmeans such as mobile phones and WiFi at home. The drive now is to achieve higher data rates, less energy consumption (green technologies), and better signal quality. This project focuses on the transceiver part in the wireless system, grouping the high-frequency transmitter, receiver, and antenna(s). The first aim, reaching higher data rates, requires shifting the carrier frequency to the millimeter wave range. Especially the 60 GHz band has gained in importance in standardization.the second aim, energy saving, requires high-efficient circuit design. High efficiency is usually counterbalanced by low linearity, causing effects such as crosschannel interference and thus degrading signal quality. Signal quality, the third aim, is affected by noise as well, especially in the receiver. Some types of noise can be reduced by adopting differential designs. The millimeter wave multi-functional equipment in this project enab ESAT- TELEMIC, Telecommunications and Mi Guy Vandenbosch Dominique Schreurs Bart Nauwelaers Michel Steyaert Patrick Reynaert Advanced technologies for local junction definition in cost-effective high-efficiency crystalline Si solar cells Jozef Poortmans Yuandong Li Individualised and self-adapting sound processing for cochlear implants. Abstract: Cochlear implants are successful auditory prostheses that enable peoplewith deafness to hear through direct electrical stimulation of the auditory nerve. In a cochlear implant sound processor, a sound signal is converted into a sequence of electrical pulses. This conversion entails many parameters that should ideally be fine-tuned (fitted) for every individual patient, to account for various anatomical and physiological differences, such as nerve fibre survival and neural adaptation. Current clinical fitting methods are very time consuming, so only the bare minimum number of parameters is fitted individually. However, it has beenshown that for many other parameters, for which currently the same default values are used for all patients, better speech intelligibility can be achieved with individual fitting.nbsp;we aim to provide betterfitting to individual patients by recording brain activity evoked by speech from the electroencephalogram (EEG), and automatically fitting a wide array of Research Group Experimental Oto-rhino-la
5 Tom Francart Massive MIMO channel modeling for future wireless access networks Abstract: Massieve MIMO (multiple-input multiple-output) systemen betaan uit antenne arrays met enorm veel (honderden) elementen wat het mogelijk maakt om enorme data rates te realiseren. In dit project zal er kanaalmodellering gebeuren voor massieve MIMO dmv experimentele karakterisering van de kanaaleigenschappen en zal de performantie van massieve MIMO geëvalueerd worden. Departement of Information technology Wout Joseph Use of wide-bandgap semiconductors to enhance the efficiency of power electronics Johan Driesen Giel Van den Broeck Model order reduction techniques for the multiscale modelling in electrical energy systems Ruth Vazquez Sabariego Md Rokibul Hasan Investigation of impacts between parallel AC & DC grids N. N. Dirk Van Hertem Jef Beerten Active front end based on a four-leg three-level converter controlled and synchronized by IEC and IEEE 1588 Johan Driesen Fotovoltaïsch onderzoek. Johan Driesen Block Term Decompositions of Higher-Order Tensors: Uniqueness, Computation and Links with Structured Matrices. Electrical Engineering (ESAT), Campus Ku Marc Van Barel Lieven De Lathauwer Tensor-based study of data similarity. Electrical Engineering (ESAT), Campus Ku Lieven De Lathauwer Johan Suykens Robust vibration-based damage identification with a novel high-accuracystrain measurement system. Structural Mechanics Section
6 Guido De Roeck Edwin Reynders statisticl modeling of visual patterns wiht applications to digital painting analysis Abstract: the goal of this project is to develop new statistical models and representations of visual patterns and thereby bring new and important advances in the analysis of digitized paintings. the project aims at both fundamental theoretical contributions in vision science and at creating innovative computer vision methods for analysis and authentication of digitized masterpieces. Departement of Telecommunications and information processing Aleksandra Pizurica Regulatory Affairs in Smart Grids Abstract: Regulatory Framework f or Active Market Participation in Electricity Distribution Systems. Electricity markets in Europe aregenerallycharacterized by a top-down organization, since the production sideis typically balancing the power system. Nowadays, active market participation happens primarily on the wholesale level, where the supply of l argegeneratorsand the demand of large consumers, usually connected to the transmission grid, meeteach other. On the distribution system level this dynamic is almost entirelyabsent. For instance, the contractual options for residential consumers areoften limited to a choice of a fixed pricing scheme versus day and night tariffs.these provide little costreflectiveness and therefore limit priceresponsiveness. Yet, the importance of the distribution system is growingsignificantly because of the emergence of distributed generation technologies(wind, PV, CHP), as well as new demand applications (electric vehicles, heatpumps). Demand response in particula Ronnie Belmans Leonardo Meeus Philippe Van Dievel Kesterite materials for In-free thin-film solar cells Abstract: The topic will study the influence of stoechiometry (of Cu-Zn-Sn-(S/Se)) and dopants and contaminants (Na, K, Sb, Ge, Si, O, C...) on optical-electronic properties of the absorber. Material properties will be measured with dedicated techniques, like XRD, ellipsometry, photo luminescence, recombination life time, band alignment, interface state density, etc. The outcome is to identify the influence of the defect modes created by the stoechiometry and the contaminants on the final performance ofthe solar cell. All these techniques will allow insight into the different defect levels in the layers and at the interfaces and the opto-electrical results will be correlated with the physico-chemical properties ofthe layers. The measurement results will be used as input parameters for a heterojunction simulation software, which will allow simulation of the solar cell performance. Simulation results will be correlated with experimental measurements of CZTS and CZTSe solar cells. Jozef Vleugels Jozef Poortmans Sylvester Sahayaraj Masilamani Leo Optimization of doping and passivation processes for next generation n-si rear junction Si solar cells. Jozef Poortmans Aashish Sharma Dynamical systems, control and optimization. (Dysco) ESAT - STADIUS, Stadius Centre for Dynam Joseph Vandewalle BELgian network on STochastic modelling, analysis, design and optimization of COMmunication systems - BESTCOM. ESAT - STADIUS, Stadius Centre for Dynam Marc Moonen Aspirant mandate Höschle Hanspeter. Ronnie Belmans Hanspeter Höschle
7 Interplay between dynamics of the atomic structure and confinement of electrons and spins. Abstract: In this project, we will investigate the interplay between atomic vibrations on the one hand and electronic and magnetic properties on the other hand, specifically elucidating the role of confinement at the nanoscale. In three work packages, we will deal with: (i) the characteristics of phonon confinement when going from two-dimensional tozero-dimensional objects. Specifically, we will search for confinement-induced shifting and (dis)appearance of and changes in specific modes. We will also deal with (ii) coupling between phonons and electrons, in particular the influence of phonons on electrons in superconductivity; and(iii) coupling between phonons and spins in confined geometries. Nuclear and Radiation Physics Section Margriet Van Bael Peter Lievens Wilfried Vandervorst Christian Van Haesendonck Kristiaan Temst André Vantomme Ewald Janssens DCH. ESAT - PSI, Processing Speech and Images Luc Van Gool Groen Licht Vlaanderen Electrical Engineering (ESAT) TC, Techno Peter Hanselaer Wouter Ryckaert Block Ciphers and Encryption Schemes. ESAT - COSIC, Computer Security and Indu Bart Preneel Bart Mennink Robust injection of renewable energy into the Rwandan grid with some standalone use Abstract: Frequent power interruptions reduce the cooling possibilities of foods and water supply continuity. Alternative energy can help, but the price of the photovoltaic converters is higher for the moment than the PV panels due to a shorter lifetime. A converter will be developed which aims low losses, by combining cost effective components but which need a different control principle. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Alex Van den Bossche Multiscale modelling of Electrical Energy Systems Abstract: The project consists of 3 parts: 1 Mathematical modelling of electrical energy systems This includes a.o.t. modelling of uncertainties (e.g. due to renewable energy based power production) 2. Applications in electrical energy systems This includes a.o.t. new grid concepts based on distributed generation (with low or no inertia) 3. Validation environment This includes a.o.t. microgrids, virtual power plants and power-electronic drives Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Jan Melkebeek Modeling and design of reverberation chambers for GHz electronic devices Abstract: This project addresses the modeling, design and manufacturing of a compact reverberation chamber for the electromagnetic compatibility assessment of modern electronic devices and systems operating at very high frequencies. The goal of the proposal is the design and manufacturing of the chamber and its measurement instrumentation, but also the theoretical modeling of the stochastically distributed EM fields inside. Departement of Information technology Dries Vande Ginste
8 Wideband Wearable Antennas and Wireless Communication Links for Fast and Reliable Data Transmission in Wearable Systems. Abstract: In the context of wearable systems and body-centric wireless communication, more reliable and efficient data communication techniques are needed. Therefore, this research project aims to design and realize novel wideband wireless communication systems for body-centric communication, including both wearable antennas and data-processing techniques, improving the reliability of the wireless communication links. Departement of Information technology Hendrik Rogier The Value of Large-Scale Offshore Energy Storage in the Future Electricity Market Abstract: Wat is de relevante markt? Energie wordt internationaal verhandeld. Watzijn de mogelijkheden voor internationale handel op dit moment. Sommigen zeggen dat de energiemarkt op Europees niveau speelt, andere argumenteren dat er voor reserves, balancering markten en echte piekcentrales nogsteeds zeer lokaal geopereerd wordt. Dit doctoraatsonderzoek maakt met behulp van een techno-economische analyse een inschatting van de relevante markt voor de verschillende producten in de energiemarkt. Ronnie Belmans Tom Brijs Grid-friendly Fast Charger for Electric Vehicles Abstract: The future emission reductions will require fundamental changes in the whole energy chain: energy production, transport & distribution, industrial, & domestic consumption, transportation... Transportation accounts for 13 % of the total carbon dioxide emissions, road transportation accounts for 9-10 %. Other emissions such as NOx, CO and particles will also have to be reduced when future emission standards are set. Electrification of transportation can be part of a solution. When vehicles use electrical power, the energy conversion takes place in power plants, having higher efficiencies and lower emission levels since advanced design and end-of-pipe techniques can be implemented on such power plants. The power can also be produced with renewable sources, which reduce the dependency on fossil and nuclear fuels. Electric vehicles run on electrical energy, which is stored in on-board batteries. These batteries feed the electric motor, which drives the vehicle. The battery technolog Johan Driesen Jeroen Stuyts Improved c-si metallization and its effect on reliability Abstract: The use of electroplated Cu is currently being investigated as a replacement of the standard Ag screen printed front side metallization in c- Sisolar cells. Apart from the obvious lower raw metal cost, other benefits of Cu the potential for increasing the efficiency by reducing the front surface shading area, lowering the overall resistance and limiting therecombination losses. Despite the advantages, due to the required 20 to25 years of customers warranty, the module manufactures are still rather reluctant for introducing such new materials with an unknown track record of in the field performance. Therefore, further investigation of thereliability is still needed before industrialization can occur. In general, the qualification procedure for PV modules involves the application of standardized test protocols (IEC-standards). For new technologies like Cu-metalized cells, other degradation mechanisms may become more dominant and current qualification tests may no longer be relevant. For Jozef Poortmans Chi Thi Thuy Dang Adaptive Feeder Overcurrent Protection in Active Distribution Grids Geert Deconinck N. N. Harmonized framework allowing a sustainable and robust identity for Europeannbsp; Abstract: to protect EU citizens' identities from all current threats but also toforesee what the future threats will be. ESAT - COSIC, Computer Security and Indu Bart Preneel Joseph Dumortier Frank Verbruggen Multiscale Modelling of Electrical Energy Systems.
9 Ronnie Belmans MEDOW. Dirk Van Hertem Dynamic Efficiency Analysis of Direct Current Distribution Networks Abstract: The penetration of distributed energy resources (DER) in the electricaldistribution network is expected to increase significantly, as promotedby the European Union (SET plan-establishes an energy technology policyfor Europe; a strategic plan to accelerate the development and deployment of cost-effective low carbon technologies). The present distribution network has a radial structure where the electrical energy flows from the top (medium voltage network) towards the end consumer. However, the existing distribution network is not designed for bidirectional energy flows which will be caused by the distributed energy resources and the everincreased demand. Aside from this, requires the free electricity-marketa higher level of controlability of the power flows in the electrical system. The power electronic revolution enabled an easy manipulation and control, even in the event of faults, of DC as well as AC voltages. It basically allowed the implementation of DER into the electrical netw Johan Driesen European development of Superconducting Tapes: integrating novel materials and architectures into cost effective processes for power applications and magnets Abstract: The EUROTAPES project will address two broad objectives: 1/ the Integration of the latest developments into simple conductor architectures for low and medium cost applications and to deliver +500m tapes. Defining of quality control tools and protocols to enhance the processing hroughput and yield to achieve a pre-commercial cost target of 100?/kAm. 2/ use of advanced methodologies to enhance performance (larger thickness and lc, enhanced pinning for high fields, reduction of ac losses, Increased mechanical strength). Demonstration of high critical currents and pinning forces. Departement of Inorganic and physical chemistry Isabel Van Driessche Stand-alone hybrid renewable power systems Johan Driesen Maria del Mar Martinez Diaz Resilient multi-layered Demand Side Management architecture subject to communication constraints. Abstract: The primary goal of this research project is to design and evaluate an economically viable technical control framework for Belgian LV distribution grids under the constraints of a realistic suboptimal communication network, leading to a more resilient and robust distribution grid benefitting society as a whole. This framework will be extended with clear incentives for all actors by using Service Level Agreements, entailing predefined Quality of Service requirements. Focus will be on distributed generators as well as residential loads with a high value in DSM schemes. The optimal harmonization between the multi-layered control methodologies themselves and the suboptimal communication infrastructure leads to a robust and economically viable Smart Grid. Geert Deconinck Sandro Iacovella Innovative electromechanical converter with multiple electrical and mechanical ports for hybrid electric vehicles Abstract: The project deals with an electromechanical converter for an electric continuously variable transmission (EVT) in a hybrid electric vehicle. This electromechanical converter consists of several electrical machines that are coupled in a mechanical and electromagnetic way. It has two mechanical ports (MP?s) and two electrical ports (EP?s). In the EVT in a hybrid electric vehicle, the two MP?s are the combustion engine on the one hand and the wheels on the other hand. The two EP?s are connected, via two power electronic converters (PECs), to the battery of the vehicle. The EVT replaces the gearbox, the clutch, the alternator and the starter motor used in a conventional vehicle. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Jan Melkebeek Thermal study of axial flux permanent magnet synchronous machines Abstract: A coupled study of electromagnetic, thermal and fluid dynamic aspects in AFPMSMs will be performed in order to obtain electromagnetically and thermally efficient AFPMSMs in a wide range of dimensions. Global electromagnetic and thermal optimization of geometric
10 parameters will be performed. The objective is a high efficiency machine that doesn?t need external ventilators or pumps for cooling. Experimental validation will be performed. Departement of Flow, heat and combustion mechanics Jan Vierendeels Real-life range estimation for electric vehicles, based on innovative predictive power consumption algorithms Abstract: Because of the limited range of electric vehicles, there is an increased importance of accurate range estimation. The range of an EV is determined by the state of charge (SoC), and the power consumption. Power consumption for a vehicle is a function of kinematic parameters, driving behavior, use of auxiliaries and many other parameters. This project will focus on developing innovative predictive power consumption algorithms for real-life range estimation of EVs. Using the large data pool of the Living Lab platforms, real-life data of 200 electric vehicles can be analyzed. From the data, driving cycles representative for real-life use of electric vehicles can be developed. Using the newly developed driving cycle and on-road tests, the influence of the driving behavior,auxiliaries and other external parameters on power consumption will be studied. From these correlations, an important innovation can be applied to the current vehicle simulation tools by the development of longitudinal power flow simulation tools with the influence of external parameters included. Integrating this algorithm with shortest-route algorithms, it will lead to an innovative predictive power consumption algorithm.together with input from an (accurate) SoC measurement, this predictive power consumption algorithm will allow to estimate, if you will be able to reach a certain destination and what the alternatives are, energy-efficient wise. This real-life range estimator (RLRE) for electric vehicles addresses the range-anxiety problem and can introduce an intelligent system in the vehicle. Cedric DE CAUWER Economisch onderzoeker in de energiesector Abstract: The main objective of this research project is to evaluate the impact of increasing renewable energy integration on transnational transmission grid development. To achieve this objective, the research question is divided into subtasks which cover a broad range of the key aspects in network characteristics and economic implications. 1.Development of transnational dynamic PTDF: In the previous research conducted by the author, the methodology of dynamic zonal PTDF was developed and successfullyvalidated on the New England Test system for more accurate cross-borderpower flow estimation. The procedures of constructing dynamic zonal PTDF can be followed in this subtask: a.divide the subzones by trial anderror method to obtain an acceptable number of subzones and yet providesatisfying accuracy in cross-border flow estimation. b.calculate theyearly power flow with the hybrid grid with given UC-ED result. c.implement clustering method for selecting typical zonal PTDF matrices an Dirk Van Hertem Diyun Huang High efficiency back contact silicon solar cells, efficiency limits andtechnology. Jozef Poortmans Bartosz Zielinski Communication-less protection algorithms for meshed HVDC grids Abstract: The deployment of large amounts of renewable energy, such as wind powerand solar energy, will be required to achieve the European climate targets. As most of these renewable energy sources are geographically spread and intermittent, a pan-european supergrid is considered as a possible solution to integrate these sources in the system. For this supergrid, a multi-terminal HVDC or meshed DC grid offers significant advantages over current HVAC technology. Nevertheless, technical limitations remain on the use of these grids, with protection being the most stringent one.this research project focuses on the implementation of a protection algorithm for meshed HVDC grids. A suitable protection algorithm provides fast detection, correct identification of the fault location and selectivity in opening the appropriate breakers. First, an in-depth study of the fault behaviour will be conducted. Subsequently, advanced signal processing techniques will be tested to determine an appropriate protection
11 Ronnie Belmans Dirk Van Hertem Willem Leterme Characterization and Optimization of Remote Phosphor LEDs Abstract: 800x600 The use of high-power light-emitting diodes(leds) for general lighting applications is beyond discussion. One of the keychallenges nowadays however, is to increasethe LED and light source efficacy.luminous efficacy values of LED sources currently compete with those of(compact) fluorescent lamps, but higher numbers should be attained in the nearfuture.the common way to produce white light from LEDsis the excitation of yellow phosphor through blue light or UV radiation. In themost popularmethod, the phosphor is directly deposited on the die (intimatephosphor), which implies that a portion of light emitted by the excited yellowphosphor is redirected to and absorbed by the die. The phosphor will havenearly the same temperature of the die, which has a negative effect on theconversion efficiency. This implies a faster degradation of the LED due to short-wavelengthradiation (Narendran, 2005). An alternative way to achieve white light is toposition the phosphor away from the blue LED p Geert Deconinck Search for a better glare metric for non-uniform light sources Abstract: Leds (and in the near future Oleds) are becoming more important, especially in industry, but problems arise when this new technologies is implemented. Glare occurs when surfaces have a higher luminance than which the eye is adapted to. Glare causes an uncomfortable or unpleasant feeling. Disability glare impairs the vision of an object and reduces visual tasks. Discomfort glare causes a sensation of annoyance or pain but does not necessarily affect visual performance. With glare we mean discomfortglare. The methods currently used to determine glare, like the UnifiedGlare Rating (UGR,[CIE_1995]) or the Visual Comfort Probability (VCP,[IESNA_2000]), are developed for classical light sources (such as incandescent lamps or flood lights). These methods are not valid for determiningglare from non-uniform light sources such as Leds. Most formulas for determining glare have factors depending on the background luminance, the luminance and the solid angle of the light sources and the position Geert Deconinck Peter Hanselaer Wouter Ryckaert Gertjan Scheir Fundamental study of a greenhouse gas emission free energy system. Abstract: The emission of CO2 as the most important greenhouse gas may be reducedby avoiding the use of fossil fuels and, if the latter is not possible,by limiting its use and capturing and sequestering CO2. In the present research proposal the aim is to investigate in a fundamental way the question whether it is possible to supply all end energy as demanded by theoverall society, without emitting any greenhouse gas. As a key element of the study, the "tension field" between centralised production of useful end-energy "products", on the one hand (including transport, distribution and storage of those carriers), and distributed (i.e., local) production on the other hand, has to be addressed in a profound way. Especially interactions on the system's scale between different energy sources, energy carriers and energy services to be provided to society must be addressed and carefully dealth with.the vision enunciated in this study is a dominantly electric society at the end-consumer level, wherever p Geert Deconinck Ronnie Belmans Dirk Saelens Lieve Helsen William D'haeseleer Johan Driesen The comparison of power system reliability criteria. Abstract: Currently, the deterministic N-1 criterion is used to set the reliability management target within interconnected power systems. This criterionprescribes that the system should be able to withstand the loss of any one of its main elements (lines, transformers, generators, etc.) withoutsignificant degradation of service quality at all times. However, the N-1 criterion as implemented these days has major limitations taking intoaccount growing uncertainties and complexity of the pan-european power system.on the other hand, many probabilistic reliability criteria exist, each with its own advantages and disadvantages. However, it is difficult to determine the real meaning of the numerical outcomes of these probabilistic criteria, e.g. what is the physical meaning of 99% certainty that the system will operate without problems, and is this level satisfactory or are there measures needed? Next to that, it is a hard task to compare different reliability criteria which are based on fundamentally Geert Deconinck Dirk Van Hertem Evelyn Heylen Quantification of technical performances, cyclist experience and safetyof speed pedelecs for commuting.
12 Electrical Engineering (ESAT) TC, Techno Jan Cappelle Statistical Modeling and Estimation of Simultaneous Degradations in Digital Images Abstract: In digital still camera and medical imaging devices there is a trend to increase the image resolution, to use shorter acquisition times and lower radiation doses. This causes many challenges for the processing techniques in the devices. In this project, we will develop statistical models and estimation techniques for multiple simultaneous degradations in images, in order to further improve existing image reconstruction techniques. We therefore consider the imaging pipeline as a whole and jointly optimize the processing techniques for the considered degradations. Departement of Telecommunications and information processing Wilfried Philips Generic control for the provision of ancillary services by generators, loads and storage equipment in the electric power system Abstract: Massive amounts of DG units are being integrated in the electric power system. Therefore, the DG units will need to contribute in the grid control. This research focuses at the provision of ancillary services, mainly highlighting voltage control. The developed control strategy will firstly, be effective and generic. Secondly, the actions of the different grid elements will be coordinated. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde Tine Vandoorn Serviceability optimisation of the next generation offshore wind turbines (OptiWind)? Electrical connection and grid integration Abstract: This research project focuses on the grid connection of offshore wind turbines. The first goal is to determine the optimal connection technology with the main land (AC or DC). The second objective is to investigate the provision of ancillary services with wind turbines. The third goal is to determine the optimal interconnection of wind turbines whitin a wind farm. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde Fouttolerante controle van en elektrisch variabele transmissie Abstract: The investigation deals with the control, fault detection analysis, and reconfiguration after fault detection for an electric variable transmission (EVT). This type of electromechanical converter serves as a power split device between power flow coming from an internal combustion engine (ICE) and electrical power flow exchanged with the battery. It replaces the clutch, the gear box, starter motor and generator in a conventional vehicle. Department of Research Affairs Peter Sergeant Frederik De Belie Stochastic Modeling for Electromagnetic Interference Analysis of Complex Planar Circuits Abstract: High operating frequencies of novel electronic devices make it increasingly hard for the designer to meet all specifications. In particular, electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) is a major concern. Moreover, as feature sizes decrease, manufacturing leads to uncertainty of the circuits? behavior. In this Ph.D., design tools for complex planar circuits will be hugely improved by including EMC aspects and Uncertainty Quantification Departement of Information technology Daniël De Zutter Dries Vande Ginste Optimization of Overall Cost and Efficiency of a Photovoltaic Energy Source Feeding a Synchronous Reluctance Motor Suitable for Pumping Systems Abstract: The proposed study investigates the optimization of the overall cost and efficiency of a photovoltaic (PV) energy source feeding a synchronous reluctance motor. The load is a pumping system that has to work under different conditions and constraints. Simulation models will be used to determine the optimal motor configuration and the optimal number of PV modules. Department of Industrial Technology and Construction Peter Sergeant SYRNEMO Abstract: Synchronous Reluctance Motors for Electric Vehicles
13 Maarten MESSAGIE La stratégie de Maintenance des Parcs Eoliens Offshore Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Université Libre de Bruxelles + Electrabel' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' La stratégie de Maintenance des Parcs Eoliens Offshore'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. PHILIPPE LATAIRE Interaction of HVDC Grids and AC Power Systems Abstract: Interaction of HVDC grids and AC power systemsa new transmission system is required that can connect the huge renewable energy resources ofnorthand south Europe with the load centers located more centrally.a HVDC grid is considered to bea likely option to connect these sources. Such a grid should be able to cover long distances, alsoundersea, and provide a better economic performance than traditional AC systems. The existing ACsystem will not be obsolete it will be operated inparallel to the new system. Thereby the interactionbetween both systems has to be analysed and coordinated. Especially in the fields of technical limits, security, disturbances, frequency response and inertia, communication, scheduling and trading.for this it is important that new tools are developed to simulate the behaviour of such fields. Newmodels are also needed of the different transmission system components placed in this future grid.this PhD project will focus on the operation of a hybrid AC/DC syste Dirk Van Hertem Optimal Control in Renewable Energy Generators with Strong Variable Input Power Abstract: Modern renewable energy generators have to deal with a strong irregular power input making it difficult for the controller to obtain a maximum power output. This project will study an enhanced controller for the electrical drive that takes into account the input power variation and the dynamic behavior of the generator on these variations. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde Fundamental Study of a Greenhouse Gas Emission-free Energy System Abstract: Fundamental Study of the Energy Utility Networks of a Greenhouse GasEmission-free Energy SystemArne van Stiphout - Supervisor: Geert DeconinckThe emission of CO2 as the most important greenhouse gas may be reduced by avoiding the use of fossil fuels and, if the latter is not possible, by limiting its use and capturing and sequestering CO2. The aim is to investigate in a fundamental way the question whether it is possible to supply all end energy as demanded by the overall society, without emitting any greenhouse gas. This doctoral study will focus on the energy utility networks needed to make this greenhouse gas emission-free energy system possible.the vision enunciated in this study is a dominantly electric society at the end-consumer level, wherever possible and justified. Electricity will thus have an evermore prominent role in the energy supply chain. The electricity grids, moving towards "Smart Grids", have to be studied with the aim for CO2-free supply. If the analysis points tow Geert Deconinck Arne van Stiphout Smart PV; understanding and increasing energy yield of c-si-pv modules Johan Driesen Jozef Poortmans Johannes Goverde Local versus Global Electricity Markets Ronnie Belmans Gerrit Jan Schaeffer Ariana Isabel Ramos Gutierrez
14 Optimisation of Lithium-Ion batteries based on modeling techniques. Abstract: The objective of this research is to aid in the development of advanced Lithium-Ion batteries for electric and hybrid electric vehicles. In the end we want to have a chemistry dependent dynamic Li-Ion battery electric model on cell level for the modeling of real time behavior: i.e. evolution of voltage and current as a function of operating regime. The modeled behavior will be a function of material and design parameters making it possible to direct battery design based on the requirements, and afterwards, to extend the model to other compounds on the positive and negative electrode. This testing-simulation approach will not be limited to the prediction of transient battery characteristics, but will also monitor the ageing effects. More specific, the objective of this research is to develop a rigorous physics-based model for NMC based Li-Ion cells which can estimate energy and power capacity, real-time response, cycle-life, capacity fade and ESR increase and this in relation with the materials used and cell design. From this model, which is a non-linear system of coupled differential equations, an Equivalent electric Circuit model (EC) can be derived in a certain operating point. The incentive for the latter is twofold: the parameters in the equivalent circuit are relatively easy determined via electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. Given that in this case they are a function of material and design parameters, they will provide a benchmark for used values of these parameters. Secondly, starting from the rigorous model we will determine the EC model parameters, applicable for a certain working point: SoC, SoH. Until now this can only be done by testing the battery over the full range of these conditions. Jelle SMEKENS PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE OPERA4FEV: OPerating RAck For Full-Electric Vehicle Abstract: The OPERA4FEV project aims to develop thermoplastic battery racks on two functional demonstrators: one for a large scale vehicle from FIAT and one for a "niche" car, the F-City from FAM.To improve deployment of electrical vehicles in Europe, large scale production processes for Rack and electrical components need to be developed. The innovative solutions proposed by OPERA4FEV will integrate electrical, hydraulic connections and component housing in a thermoplastic approach to reduce cost, weight and assembly time.in order to show the relevance of the solution and meet strong industrial benefits, the two thermoplastics racks will be manufactured and assembled with industrial means. The whole value chain will be addressed, including the eco-design (dismantling and recycling of critical materials), assembly and integration of cells and electrical components. As safety of the on-board battery in electric, hybrid, and plug-in vehicles is of paramount importance to the international automakers, OPERA4FEV will pay particular attention to evaluate the effects of the rack characteristics regarding vehicle crash safety, and will focus on the potential risks for the vehicle and its occupants in case of failure of one or more batteries. To sum up, the main issues relative to OPERA4FEV project are : -the integration of cells into the thermoplastic rack -an easier mounting and fast connexions of cells -the reduction of assembly time -25% cost reduction on components (cells excluded) compared to existing rack -the improvement of dismantling for better maintenance -50% reduction of number of components -the eco-design of the racks and easier end of life (materials, dismantling) based on life cycle assessment -the plastics parts design to improve thermal regulation, guaranty safety/crash behaviour and deal with large dimensions -the use of recycled polymers (70% in weight) -30% weight reduction on components (cells excluded) -a concept proposal adaptable to automotive industry and evaluated with an representative tools and assembly line (able to reach 20 vehicle/day) Maarten MESSAGIE Javier Vicente SANFELIX FORNER PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Large-Scale Demonstration of Advanced Smart Grid Solutions with wide Replication and Scalability Potential for EUROPE. Ronnie Belmans Optimization of bidirectional flows in active distribution grids Ronnie Belmans Frederik Ruelens
15 Advanced characterization of solar cells and modules for improved prediction of energy yield Abstract: Recent standardization advances in characterizing photovoltaic (PV) modules will provide better tools to compare predictions with actual energy outputs. Furthermore, these standards suggest characterizing PVmodules at conditions that differ from Standardized Testing Conditions (STC), thus better approaching realistic working conditions.research of the transient thermal behaviour of PV modules shows possibilites for efficiency and reliability improvements on the module level. This modelling is based on scaled modules, and is not yet validated by experimental data, due to a lack of appropriate fast testing equipment. The dynamic test installation built and designed in this Ph.D. will generate unique datasets enabling the validation and refining of existing models. The generated data will be extremely useful for further investigation by IMEC - KULeuven.This Ph.D. involves studying the degradation behaviour of photovoltaic modules and the development of an energy rating method. These will Johan Driesen Bert Herteleer Onderzoeksovereenkomst in het kader van het doctoraat van Allesandro Marino (getiteld: "Numerical modeling of oxygen mass transfer in the MYRRHA) Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'SCK-CEN, Studiecentrum voor Kernenergie/Centre d'etude de l'energie Nucléaire' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Onderzoeksovereenkomst in het kader van het doctoraat van Allesandro Marino'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Alessandro MARINO JOHAN DECONINCK Cycle Vie Produit. Abstract: LCA course Maarten MESSAGIE Active Sub-Stations Abstract:? Ronnie Belmans Tom De Rybel Active Sub-Stations Abstract:? Ronnie Belmans Tom De Rybel Nikolaos Efkarpidis European electromobility Observatory - MOVE/C1/ Abstract: Electromobility database Sylvia HEYVAERT PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE "Rollen" in de opleiding tot industrieel ingenieur. Mechanical Engineering Technology TC, Te Greet Langie Architectuur.
16 Architecture, Campuses Sint-Lucas Brusse Dag Boutsen Drie impulsprojecten. ESAT - MICAS, Microelectronics and Senso Michel Steyaert Small Wind Turbine Field Laboratory Abstract: The SWT Field Lab allows to subject small wind turbines to extensive field tests. The infrastructure consists of ten foundations, six wind turbines, a meteorological tower, a measurement cabin and measurement equipment. Four foundations are available for services for companies active in wind energy. Not only the energy production of the turbine is analysed, but also topics such as noise production, generator design or mast construction are examined? all of this correlated with meteorological data such as wind speed and direction. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Lieven Vandevelde TEXTILE BASED CAPACITOR/BATTERY FOR SMART TEXTILE SYSTEM APPLICATION Abstract: In this research, textile capacitors/batteries are developed using either silver coated yarns or pure stainless steel filaments as electrodes. PEDOT:PSS is used as a solid electrolyte. The remaining part of this research aims at studying the fabricated device to improve on its performance and at meausuring its behavior after washing. Departement of Textiles Lieva Van Langenhove Carla Hertleer Operation and control of power systems with high penetration of PV and low grid inertia Abstract: The power system is facing some tremendous challenges for the next decades to come. While dealing with aging infrastructure and an ever increasing demand for electric power, the projected increase of electric power coming from renewable energy sources will put an even higher stress to the already highly loaded power systems. From a power system perspective,this dispersed renewable electricity generation behaves quite differentfrom traditional, centralized generation facilities. Apart from their intermittent nature, most of these sources are characterized by their lack of inertia. This system inertia is often considered as one ofthe vital system parameters upon which the synchronized operation of current day power systems is based: The inertia in the rotating masses of synchronous generators determines the frequency response with respect toinequalities in the overall power balance. The lower this system inertia, the more nervous the grid frequency reacts on abrupt changes in generation Ronnie Belmans Dirk Van Hertem Pieter Tielens Protection concepts for the optimal utilisation of the smart distribution grid. Abstract: The European targets to reduce greenhouse gas emissions result in a number of support measures for small electricity generation units (e.g. solar PV, cogeneration units). These distributed energy resources (DER) areconnected to the distribution grid. This grid, however, was designed for unidirectional power flows from the transmission grid, and its large power generators, to the households. The protection system for the distribution grid is, of course, designed for this mode of operation. It can only guarantee human safety and system reliability, when the amount of DER is limited.this research will focus on different electrical protection concepts and their impact on the permissible amount of DER in the distribution grid. Initially, the limits imposed by the present protection systems on the medium and low voltage grids will be investigated. In the next phase, the level of improvement new protection concepts can offer will be examined. The reaction of DER to system faults will be consi Geert Deconinck Thomas Wijnhoven Chromatic adaptation and corresponding colors: an extensive and systematic study. Abstract: The world around us would look very different at noon or in the eveningif the color of objects depended only on the reflected light entering our eye. Fortunately, the human visual system has the ability to adapt tothe intensity and color of the illumination, producing an approximatelycolor constant appearance of objects across changes in illumination. This ability, called chromatic adaptation, is however not perfect. In manypractical applications, such as lighting design and color reproduction,it is important to know how similar objects will look under different illuminants. To find out, we need to be able to predict the shift in object color caused by changes in lighting. A chromatic adaptation transform (CAT) allows us to calculate colors that look similar under different illumination conditions (corresponding color CC). CATs and CCs have been studied intensively during the past decades because of their scientific potential to improve our understanding of human color vision and becau
17 Geert Deconinck Kevin Smet SmartGrids-ETPS-III. Ronnie Belmans Efficient numerical methods for inverse problems in electrical energlyk hybrid systems Abstract: The planned project concerns a fundamental research in the field of inverse problems in electrical energy hybrid systems. particularly, the aim is to provide efficeint and robust numerical solutions for inverse problems in electrical energy systems taking into account the non-linearity and stochastic natures of the systems' elements, as well as the hybrid dynamical behavior of the systems. Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Luc Dupré Brain-Computer Interfaces With Machine Learning Abstract: Brain-Computer Interfaces are used for communication through brain signals, created on application of a stimulus. The usability of these systems is highly dependend on the speed and the need for calibration. The use of Machine Learning techniques is investigated to eliminate the need for calibration. Also the combination of these techniques with the stimuluspattern is investigated to speed up the system. Departement of Electronics and information processing Benjamin Schrauwen Possibility of innovative electric net quality filters to achieve significant energy savings in combination with direct coupled machines Abstract: not available Department of Industrial System and Product Design Lieven Vandevelde Jan Desmet Pan-European grid security: new approaches to an existing question Abstract: The European power system has a well established security mechanism which has proven to be very reliable over the years. However, with the increased use of renewable energy sources, the opening of the market and limited investments in grid infrastructure, the operation of the power system is ever closer towards its limits. Especially for the Pan-European power system, here is a need to re-evaluate the principle of (n-1) security as the basic principle of transmission network planning and operation,as it is becoming more and more difficult to satisfy in view of the uncertainties linked to the integration of increasing amounts of variable renewable generation and of the difficulty to build new assets. Some of the questions that arise are: -->What are the options to replace orcomplement the (n-1)- criterion for the security of pan-european electricity transmission networks? -->What are the risks of departing from the (n-1)-preventive security criterion and can they be tolerated? Ronnie Belmans Dirk Van Hertem Steven De Boeck Analysis and estimation of power loss in photovoltaic cell and module for a smart module development Johan Driesen BUVANESHWARI LEFEVRE Colour Appearance Modelling for Self-Luminous Colours. Abstract: The assessment of the quality and comfort of lighting requires a good understanding of the correlation between the optical properties of the stimuli, such as luminance, and their corresponding perceptual attributes such as brightness, hue, colourfulness, lightness, chroma and saturation. To facilitate this,colour appearance models have been developed that simulate many of the physiological processes that take place in
18 the humanvisual system. The colour of objects originates from the interaction between a light source and the physical properties of the object. Object colours (or surface colours) belong to the category of so-called 'related colours' because they are perceived within the context of the colour of the illuminant. For these stimuli, a colour appearance model was developed in 2002 which has been widely accepted by the international community. It has been applied in printing and display technology to reproduce the correct colour appearance of images under different viewing con Electrical Engineering (ESAT) TC, Techno Johan Wagemans Peter Hanselaer Martijn Withouck Development and valorization of novel methodologies for in vivo imagingin small animal models. Abstract: In-vivo and/or in-situ imaging in small animal models of human physiology and disease using intra-vital microscopy and molecular imaging (BLI, micropet/spect, micromri, microct,) and its ability to perform longitudinal studies in the same animal, offers a wealth of new and more accurate information that is not available with traditional, ex vivo approaches. Such imaging techniques, when well-validated, will become more and more important to increase our understanding of basic cellular processes ina very broad range of research themes and biomedical applications, especially in the assessment of novel therapies and in drug discovery. In this context, the K.U.Leuven Molecular Small Animal Imaging Center (MoSAIC) aims at developing and validating novel imaging techniques and making these available to the research community and third parties through its technology and knowledge platform. This project aims at supporting the research and valorization objectives of MoSAIC by the initiation, c ESAT - PSI, Processing Speech and Images Frederik Maes Guy Bormans Luc Mortelmans Paul Suetens Stefan Sunaert Barbara Weyn EVTecLab: Flemish EV Technological Laboratory Abstract: A consortium of ten Flemish companies and research institutes, coordinated by Punch Powertrain will evaluate and optimise new propulsion technologies for electric vans, trucks and buses, in order to make them commercially viable. The vehicles will be used for for treight and public transport. The tests take place in real-life and controlled conditions. In this way, EV TecLab wants to contribute to the introduction of electric vehicles and sustainable mobility. The consortium will also share research results with all other parties concerned, including a large number of vehicle producers. This should result in new commercial products and services. With EV TecLab, the consortium aims to yield significant added value for both the Flemish enterprises concerned as the Flemish economy in General. Sylvia HEYVAERT Modeling and proof-of-concept of sensor-controlled, wireless lightcontrol- and lighting control systems, autonomous and controlled on the basis of intelligence, whether or not dimmable light domes Abstract: not available Departement of Electrical energy, systems and automation Robain De Keyser Analyse van de impact van EV en CNG voertuigen op vlak van milieu, energie, mobiliteit, infrastructuur en socioeconomische aspecten. Abstract: Het BHG wil een strategie bepalen voor het beleid inzake de promotie van alternatieve brandstoffen en voertuigtechnologieën. Deze studie moet als basis kunnen dienen om een dergelijke strategie op te kunnen stellen en onderbouwde beleidskeuzes te kunnen maken. Het doel van BROAM is om een beter inzicht te krijgen in het potentieel en de beperkingen van de ontwikkeling van elektrische voertuigen en CNGvoertuigen in de specifieke Brusselse stedelijke context. Hij moet een objectief beeld geven van de verschillende aspecten van elektrische en CNG voertuigen, en de compatibiliteit ervan aftoetsen met de huidige situatie, doelstellingen en plannen van het Brussels Gewest. Hierbij moet rekening gehouden worden met de volledige levenscyclus en de verschillende types van deze voertuigen die reëel op de markt bestaan (BEV, Plug-in Hybride Elektrische Voertuigen (PHEV), bi-fuel CNG). De studie moet ook nagaan voor welke toepassingen (vb. personenwagens, zwaar vervoer,...) of nichevloten (vb. deelwagens, dienstvoertuigen,...) deze voertuigen het best ingezet worden en hoe dit evolueert met de ontwikkeling van de technologie tot het jaar Inhoud van BROAM Fase 0 : State of the art van de voertuigtechnologieën en laad/tankinfrastructuur Fase 1 : Vergelijkende analyse van elektrische en CNG voertuigen - Aspecten milieu en energie Fase 2 : Vergelijkende analyse van elektrische en CNG voertuigen - Aspecten mobiliteit, socio-economisch en infrastructuur Fase 3: Conclusie - Multi-criteria analyse Business Technologies and Operations
19 Maarten MESSAGIE CATHY MACHARIS UNPLUGGED Abstract: UNPLUGGED project aims to investigate how the use of inductive charging of Electric Vehicles (EV) in urban environments improves the convenience and sustainability of car-based mobility. In particular, it will be investigated how smart inductive charging infrastructure can facilitate full EV integration in the urban road systems while improving customer acceptance and perceived practicality. UNPLUGGED will achieve these goals by examining in detail the technical feasibility, practical issues, interoperability, user perception and socio-economic impacts of inductive charging. As one special variant, inductive en-route charging will be investigated thoroughly. As part of the project, two smart inductive charging systems will be built, taking into consideration requirements from OEMs, energy utilities and end users. The systems will be innovative and will go beyond the current state of the art in terms of high power transfer, allowing for smart communication between the vehicle and the grid, as well as being in line with the latest inductive charging standards and considering interoperability. These innovative inductive charging systems designed and built as part of the project will then be tested and assessed in order to understand their potential impacts on urban mobility and the acceptance of e-mobility. Application in an en-route charging scenario in particular will be examined for different vehicle types, ranging from cars to buses. It is anticipated that UNPLUGGED will provide clear evidence on and demonstrate whether the use of smart inductive charging infrastructure can overcome some of the perceived barriers for e-mobility, such as range and size of on-board energy storage, and practical difficulties associated with installing traditional charging post infrastructure.unplugged will also include a feasibility study and economic model for dynamic en-route inductive charging. This technology is currently less mature than static enroute charging, however, it has the potential to provide larger improvements to the range and cost of EVs. Omar HEGAZY PETER VAN DEN BOSSCHE Light Management in Ultra-Thin Si Solar Cells and Modules Abstract: Photovoltaic systems comprise a method of harvesting the energy provided by the largest reservoir available, the sun. By utilizing the photovoltaic effect, solar cells generate electrical power by converting the solar radiation into direct current electricity. In terms of renewable energy technology, Photovoltaics seem to be very promising. However, despite the fact that not only the efficiency of solar cells has increased but also their cost has decreased, they still remain more expensive than other renewable energies. The cost can be reduced by decreasing the material quantity used. Going towards thinner structures, the ability of a solar cell#s active layer to absorb light is one of the key aspects ofits efficiency. Historically, simple wave optics (antireflection coating) and geometrical optics (random surface texturation) were used to improve the absorption in the thick active layer yielding efficiencies around 20%. New cell concepts use thin films with thicknesses of a few Jozef Poortmans Christos Trompoukis Capacity-based Residential Grid Tariff to Control Injection and Reduce Grid Upgrade Costs Ronnie Belmans Tom De Rybel Johannes Jargstorf Coordination strategies for plug-in hybrid vehicles and decentralized generation in a Smart Grid. Abstract: The coordination between consumers (e.g PHEVs) and producers (e.g solarpanels, wind turbines) is an essential part of the future Smart Grid. In both national and international research, different approaches are suggested. Examples are the PowerMatcher, the CordCap algorithm and MicroGrid coordination. This research project focuses on the key problems in this research topic: (1) it is unclear how current approaches scale to a very large Smart Grid; (2) current approaches are not capable to coordinate between the large number of different parties and comply with the quality requirements of a Smart Grid; (3) it is unclear how coordination strategies can be integrated in the electricity market, which is essentialfor the commercial deployment of the these systems. The goal of this project is the development of a realistic, scalable and flexible approach for the coordination of PHEVs and decentralized generation in a Smart Grid. This approach will explicitly be integrated in the electricity Informatics Section Geert Deconinck Tom Holvoet Stijn Vandael Modeling and simulation of power electronic systems in the complementary systems framework.
20 Wim Michiels Johan Driesen Euro-Dots-2. ESAT - MICAS, Microelectronics and Senso Georges Gielen WIreless Safety for Employees? Safe wireless communication in industrial and work environments: exposure and propagation Abstract: Soon, a EU directive will be effective, determining that each employer has to evaluate the exposure of its workers. This project focuses on the reduction of the absorption of electromagnetic radiation in workers on a way that the competitivity of the companies are nog in danger. Departement of Information technology Wout Joseph Contribution to the modelling of the semiconductor properties of oxide layers Abstract: Joint PhD for Calin Albu JOHAN DECONINCK EVA - Electric Vehicles in Action (Living Lab EV) Abstract: Electric vehicles in Action, EVA, is an initiative of public and private partners to stimulate electric driving. The consortium is led by Eandis. EVA will examine en tackle the challenges around electric drive in Flanders. It is an open platform: researchers, entrepreneurs and the government find support for innovative initiatives in Flanders. In the coming months, EVA will built up a 'living laboratory' to test electric vehicles and their accompanying infrastructure in real life conditions. This living lab will include: - the largest charging infrastructure in Flanders: EVA includes the construction of more than 200 charching stations by september On the public road more than 70 charching islands will be active in Flanders. A charging Island combines loading poles for bicycles, electric cars and vans with a WiFi hotspot. The charging Islands also have a smart meter and broadband communications, the so-called 'smart charging places'. Loading can be remotely monitored and controlled. In addition to a well targeted distribution of loading piles, EVA also provides loading points in and around large cities and in specific regions. In addition, there will be also loading points on semi public domain such as supermarkets, pay car parks or shopping malls. - A large and very varied test fleet: preferably 161 electric vehicles be tested by a representative test population. The test fleet includes a wide pallet of over 20 different brands and types of vehicles including electric vans, buses, scooters and quads - An important source of data for research and development: Within EVA different expertise and research centres for electric mobility will examine how electric driving can be optimally exploited. The charging infrastructure, test fleet and test population will provide an important input for statistical research and knowledge about technical parameters in electric vehicles, loading parameters and usage patterns. Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Sylvia HEYVAERT CATHY MACHARIS OLYMPUS:Electrical vehicles sharing services based on a B2B Service platform. (Platform Living Labs Electric Vehicles) Abstract: The new mobility is evolving along patterns quite different from those of the past. People will be travelling around more efficiently, in function of time and reasons for their mobility, orchestrating their own movements as they see fit. Centralized information about all current mobility possibilities will be published on the Internet. Mobility solutions will be combined continuously. Private transport, public transit, and the pooling of vehicles will all mesh seamlessly into one smoothly functioning unit. Olympus examines the possible role of electric vehicles within this networked mobility environment. Via an open service platform, information about various types of electric vehicles, charging infrastructure, power consumption, modes of payment, traffic... will be collected and evaluated. In addition, new service providers will be offered the opportunity to test out and launch their commercial or social projects on this platform. This unified structure will form the basis for an entirely novel offer of networked mobility services such as multimodal route planning, reservations, and modes of payment