Biomass burning: activities and plans in South America. Karla Longo

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1 Biomass burning: activities and plans in South America Karla Longo

2 SAMBBA: South American Biomass Burning Analysis core partners MET OFFICE Ben Johnson Jim Haywood INPE Karla Longo Saulo Freitas NERC Hugh Coe USP Paulo Artaxo

3 NERC SAMBBA consortium PI: Coe (Manchester) Investigators Exeter: Jim Haywood; Peter Cox; Stephen Sitch; Lina Mercado Kings: Martin Wooster; Leeds: Spracklen; Carslaw; Mann; Marsham; McQuaid; Parker; Manchester: McFiggans; Connolly; Gallagher; Allan; Williams; Reading: Highwood; Shaffrey; Ryder; UEA: Oram; Mills; York: Lewis; Hopkins; Purvis Partners Met Office: Ben Johnson; Paul Field; Sean Milton; Chris Jones INPE: Karla Longo and Saulo Freitas University of Sao Paulo: Paulo Artaxo ECMWF: Adrian Simmons and Johannes Kaiser Harvard and DOE: Scot Martin Brookhaven Arthur Sedlacek

4 Emissions Chemical Ageing Vertical distribution Optical properties Aerosol-cloud interactions SAMBBA NERC Work Packages SAMBBA Regional climate Global Climate Biospherecarbon cycle interactions Numerical Weather Prediction Assessing radiative balance Air Quality

5 FAAM BAe146 aircraft (Facility for Airborne Atmospheric Measurements)

6 Instrumentation (www.faam.ac.uk/index.php/current-future-campaigns/171-sambba-south-american-biomassburning-analysis) Basic meteorology, dropsondes, turbulence probe Aerosol size distributions (PCASP, VAAC, AMS, CAS, CDP, GRIMM OPC) Absorption / black carbon (PSAP, SP2) Aerosol chemistry (AMS, filters, VAAC) Hygroscopicity (wet nephelometer, CCN) Gaseous chemistry (O3, CO, NOx, PTRMS, GCMS, Fast GHG, PAN, FAGE, WAS bottles for GC analysis, bag samples and FTIR?) Cloud and precipitation properties (TWC & LWC sensors, CDP, CAPS, SID2, 2DS, CIP-15, CIP-100) SW radiation (BBRs, SWS+SHIMS) LIDAR Leosphere 355nm IR camera, video cameras

7 Where we want to fly Proposed extent of BAe-146 operations (bounded by Brazilian border) Experiment based at Porto Velho (blue stars). Various re-fuels options (green stars): 1. Manaus 2. Santarem 3. Alta Floresta 4. Cuiaba 5. Rio-Brancho 6. Cruzeiro do Sul

8 Other activities associated with SAMBBA Prescribed fires: FAPESP (João Andrade - UNESP) Ground measurements: Porto Velho and long term measurements: Paulo Artaxo Humaitá: Márcia Yamasoe SeReNA: FAPESP (Alexandre Correia USP)

9 Numerical Model Developments Coupled Chemistry-Aerosol-Tracer Transport model to the Brazilian developments on the RAMS: CCATT-BRAMS

10 MODIS x model

11 Aerosol optical properties in SA AERONET sites Single scattering albedo Assimetry parameter Rosário et al., ACPD, 2012.

12 Biomass Burning Emissions Estimation Brazilian Biomass Burning Emission Model (3BEM): 2 approaches The bottom-up approach: fire size/burnt area, carbon density, emission and combustion factors. The top-down approach: from FRP 10-7 kg[co]/m 2 Emissions estimate using the Fire Radiative Energy (FRP) from MODIS, GOES and SEVIRI sensors. Ma..., [] [] vegveg f vegfire

13 Aerosol optical thickness (model x AERONET)

14 Including plume rise sub-grid scale transport trough the super-parameterization concept 1D plume-rise model for vegetation fires Biome: Forest Time duration: 50 mn Fire size: 20 ha Heat flux: 80 kwm -2 / 30 kwm -2 plume top upper bound w h80 kwm 2 2 w h30 kwm Injection layer T T rw tot al parcel env h 2 80 kwm TT rw total parcel env 2 h30 kwm plume top lower bound Freitas et al., ACP, 2010.

15 SMOKE Convective Transport

16 Burning season 24 h surf. radiative forcing: difference between downward surface solar irradiance including and excluding aerosol direct radiative effect. Static aerosol optical properties Spatial varying aerosol optical properties

17 Tempo de exposição (%) 80 mg/m Qualidade do ar e saúde pública Amazônia Legal e distribuição de queimadas Tempo de exposição (%) 80 mg/m Ignotti et al., 2009 T. de exposição (50mg/m 3 ) e tx. Internação(>64 anos)

18 Transboundary pollution: legal responsibility Acre Population hab Total area km 2 Density 4,5 hab/km 2 Sep

19 Smoke contribution in Rio Branco 19

20 Why a new biomass burning activity? Interdisciplinary and integrated approach Emission estimation Atmospheric chemistry Health impacts Economic/human dimension Local, regional, global scales Climate

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