# The Essence of the Electromagnetic Wave is Not Energy

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3 vecto field conevation, and the light ave ith the ave length cloe to atomic ize can till be calculated by folloing Planck quantum hypothei on quantization teatment The intefeence of light i not the action of enegy, but the action of independent vecto field In the college phyic book, hen teaching omething about the intefeence and diffaction of light, the phyic teache fit intoduce the concept of light intenity (light enegy), it eem to tell u: the intefeence of light i the intefeence of enegy It ue the light enegy a intoduction befoe intoducing TYang expeiment in the cuent college phyic book The textbook decibe belo: becaue of the light intenity I E, the yntheized light intenity of to bundle of coheent light i : I I I II co( ) When I I, thee i I I co( ) 4I co () When i the even multiple of, thee diplay bight finge, hich equal fou time a the ingle light ouce intenity I, When i the odd multiple of, thee diplay dak finge, the light intenity I =0 Then, the college phyic textbook intoduce TYang expeiment It eem to tell people TYang double-lit intefeence i the intefeence of enegy, the hading finge ae the enegy magnitude We can veify: ubtitute deive the bight finge of TYang, ubtitute hen it i the even multiple of into the fomula(), it can not hen it i the odd multiple of into the fomula(), it can not deive the dak finge of TYang eithe Which i that, fomula () doe not comply ith the expeimental eult So, the intefeence of light i not the intefeence of enegy Only hen calculating accoding to the independent vecto field, it can deive the expeimental concluion of TYang, ee fomula (5 6) Which i that, hading finge ae the vecto amplitude magnitude, but not the magnitude of cala enegy The intefeence of light i not the intefeence of ave enegy Suppoe, it ue Poynting vecto P E H o ( EH) e k to denote the enegy flux of to bundle of light, (note: In the fomula, e k i the diection of enegy flux) ee figue Which i: and E0 co ( t ) E0 co ( t ) () ae the dielectic contant and pemeability in the fee pace The yntheized denity at the point o that to enegy fluxe each on the ceen 3

4 E0 co ( t ) co ( t ) () 0 co ( ) co( t ) Hee ( ), in the fomula denote that the enegy flux denity vaie accoding to the angula fequency Fomula () indicate: When k, k,,3, 0 [+ co ( t )], the module value i 0 When (k ), k,,3, 0 [ co( t )], the module value i till 0 The enegy denity unde thee to ituation ae the ame, thee i no intefeence finge But in fact: hen k, k,,3, thee diplay the bight point, hile hen (k ), k,,3, thee diplay the dak point, and exit the intefeence finge, o double-lit intefeence uch phyical action i not the action of ave enegy Obviouly, afte Maxell tin enegy flux EH i negated, hethe E c can be ued to decibe the intefeence of light micoave? The ane i no S S ( ) ( ) o Figue intefeence of ave enegy Let have a ty, uppoe to bundle of electic field enegy denity hich each the ceen ae epectively E0 co ( t ) E0 co ( t ) In the fomula, c 0 i the light peed in the vacuum The yntheized denity hich to enegy fluxe each at the point o of the ceen i E0 co ( t ) co ( t ) (3) 4

5 0 co ( ) co( t ) Hee ( ), in the fomula denote that the module value of enegy flux denity vaie accoding to the angula fequency of The above fomula indicate: When k, k,,3, 0 [+ co( t )], the module value i 0, hen (k ), k,,3, 0 [- co( t )], the module value i till 0 The enegy denity unde to ituation ae the ame, thee ae no intefeence finge But in fact, thee exit intefeence finge unde the above to ituation, o double-lit intefeence, uch a phyical action i not the action of ave enegy, o, the eence of ave i not enegy, but the field In fact, it i eay to pove, all the intefeence (including equal inclination intefeence, plitte intefeence, film intefeence, Michelon intefeence, and Neton ing, bipim intefeence, Lloyd mio and Laue pot and o on) ae all not the action of ave enegy Intefeence of light i the intefeence of independent vecto field Intefeence of light ave i the intefeence of independent vecto field Thee ae many kind of light ave intefeence, no it take the double-lit expeiment of TYang a the example A hon in the figue, the intefeence finge ae the phyical phenomena hich uch phyical action happen Invetigating uch phyical phenomena, hich i the calculation of finge, can be baed on the viepoint of vecto field, alo the viepoint of ave enegy If thee deive the ame concluion on thee to kind of viepoint, e can ay that it ha thee to kind of chaacte imultaneouly O, it i not (4) d S E S E ( ) ( ) o x D Figue intefeence of the vecto field In uch phyical action, hen e analyze baed on the viepoint of field vecto, the electic field vecto of to bundle of electic ave eaching ceen i denoted a E E t E E t 0co( ) 0co( ) In the fomula, and ae the epective ave path The yntheized field vecto of the electic ave afte upepoition i E EE If the electic ave vecto have the ame (5) 5

6 diection, the yntheized field intenity at the point o on the ceen i: E E0co( t ) E0co( t ) E0 co[ ( )] co[ t ( )] E0 co co[ t ( )] (6) Hee ( ), a fo the fomula (6), thee i:when k, k 0,,,3, E E0 co t ( )], thee diplay bight finge on the ceen When (k ), k,,3, E 0, thee diplay dak finge on the ceen xd Notice that - d in d tg, o D xd When k, k 0,,,3, E E0 cot ( )], thee diplay bight finge on D the ceen xd When (k), k,,3, E 0, thee diplay dak finge on the ceen The D inteval among the finge i d D The above i analyzed by independent vecto field, hich i coincident ith the expeiment And it pove that TYang expeiment i the expeiment of independent vecto field In othe od, TYang intefeence expeiment pove that the intefeence of light i the intefeence of vecto field, hich pove that fomula (6) i coect So, double-lit intefeence obey E vecto upepoition pinciple, hich i the intefeence of the vecto field, hich belong to the action of field vecto In fact, it i eay to pove, all the intefeence (including equal inclination intefeence, plitte intefeence, film intefeence, Michelon intefeence, and Neton ing, bipim intefeence, Lloyd mio and Laue pot and o on) obey vecto upepoition pinciple of independent field, hich i the action of field vecto The above analyi i uing independent electic field E to decibe, and it i the ame to ue independent magnetic field H vecto to analyze 3 The adiation of electic ave i not the action of ave enegy, but the action of independent vecto field 3 The adiation of electic ave i not the tanmiion of ave enegy Let u ee the micoave adiation and the adiation pocedue duing the adio communication 6

7 Enegy tanmiion 3 i Voltage amplification u Amplitud e diplay 4 Emiion 5 Reception Suppoe thee i a emiion ocillato and eception ocillato, and it i fa beteen the eception antenna and emiion antenna, Figue 3 if it i the enegy tanmiion dl In the communication application, if the adiation of electic ave i the adiation of ave enegy, hon in the figue 3, hen the enegy denity act on the eception antenna( a thin ie), it doe not geneate the ignal cuent, becaue i pependicula to the eception antenna In addition, if the eception antenna eceive electomagnetic enegy, it i not impotant fo the eception antenna to paallel ith the emiion antenna But, it i athe impotant in fact Actually, the eception antenna in the figue i not pocket, hich alo can not eceive ave enegy In ode to explain futhe, the eception ignal doe not eceive the enegy, pleae efe to (a) and (b) in the figue 4, in each figue, the left ignal ouce and ight ignal ouce have the ame fequency and phae, alo the cicuit ae identical Wie ab i beteen to emiion antenna, and paallel to the emiion antenna, hich can be conideed a the eception antenna a i(ω) ~ ~ i(ω) emiion b emiion Figue (a) Equal ditance a U U emiion b Figue (b) Equal ditance emiion Figue 4 Tanmiion ith the identical fequency, 7 amplitude, phae, and ymmety

9 Accoding to hat aticle and dicu, the adiating time vaiable electic field E () t, adiating time vaiable magnetic field B () t, metal electon on the eception antenna unde E (t) and B (t), ill be foced by Loentz electic foce ee () t and Loentz magnetic foce e( c0 ) B ( t), metal electon move up and don, and geneate the ignal cuent So the magnitude of ignal cuent i( t), cuent multiplying impedance i the voltage, the amplitude U m i added to ocillocope, afte being amplified by the voltage, the amplitude U m i added to ocillocope, hich i the invee ditance quae theoem familia ith eveyone Hee, ou concluion i, adiation action i the adiation of vecto field, eception action i eceiving the vecto field In ode to futhe pove that uch concluion i coect, pleae efe to (a) and (b) of the figue 6, in each figue, the left ignal ouce and ight ignal ouce have the identical fequency, phae, and the cicuit ae alo identical Wie ab i beteen the to emiion antenna, and paallel to the emiion antenna, hich can be conideed a the eception antenna It can tet, the cuent on ie ab i zeo, hich i the eult of the upepoition (counteact) of the poitive and negative vecto i( ) ~ a ~ i( ) Emiion b Emiion Figue (a) a U U Emiion b Figue (b) Emiion Figue 6 field vecto counteact in the ymmetic adiation Suppoe, if it adiated the enegy, hat ould be the enegy that the eception antenna ab in the 9

10 figue eceive? It doe not comply ith the fact So thi aticle think, electic ave i not the action of enegy The above analyi i uing independent electic field E to decibe, and it i the ame to ue independent magnetic field H vecto to analyze 4 The eence of time vaiable electomagnetic field i not enegy Since the bith of Maxell theoy, ave equation and Poynting vecto, people have alay been thinking that micoave adiate the ave enegy The cuent theoy think: EH c E ch ha the dimenion of enegy flux denity, the mean value of the ave enegy hich flo though the ectional aea, ithin the time t,i c Emt Accoding to it, it eem that micoave black box can toe ave enegy, micoave heating i the enegy exchange We alo uually hea the aying of micoave enegy, and thee i the teminology of micoave enegy tanfoming into the heat and o on It eem to ay that micoave itelf i enegy, and hen uch kind of micoave act on the object, the enegy i diectly paed to the object Though the explanation belo, e ill ealize that, time vaiable electomagnetic field i vitual poe, the micoave itelf doe not have the chaacte of ave enegy, it acting on the object i afte the vecto field activate the object, it i tanfomed into heat, not the diect tanmiion of the ave enegy Hee, e need to note, vecto field activate into heat and ave enegy exchange into heat ae to diffeent phyical change pocedue and phyical concept + VS - I + VR - Figue 7 Sine and coine electomagnetic field i vitual poe A fo the intenive paamete element (cicuit ize i fa le than ave length), the cicuit that contain eactance, the olution i: full epone equal tanient epone + table epone What e ae inteeted i the phyical chaacte of ine and coine micoave, geneated by uch ine and coine table epone A it i knon, in the pot cicuit compoed of eactance, unde ine and coine table tate, the pot voltage i v( t ) =Vmco( ωt+ ), pot cuent i i( t) I mco( t I ), and the elative complex poe i P Vm Im co( V I ) j Vm Im in( V I ) In the fomula, V i the voltage angle, I i the cuent angle The ight fit tem i eal poe, and the econd tem i vitual poe Real poe conume enegy, and the vitual poe doe not conume enegy Solving uch cicuit to deive, the aveage complex poe that the poe pot povide i: + VLC - 0

11 V R C P ( RC) ( LC ) m V LC j ( RC) ( LC ) 3 m -j VmC ( RC) ( LC ) (7) The aveage complex poe of the eitance pot i : P Vm R C R 0 ( RC) ( LC ) j The aveage complex poe of the inductance i (being poitive) 3 P Vm LC L 0 j ( RC) ( LC ) The aveage complex poe of the capacity pot i (being negative) P 0 V C j ( RC) ( LC ) m Epecially in the eonance, becaue LC, o, the elative aveage complex poe i: ) The aveage complex poe of the inductance pot i (being poitive) ) The aveage complex poe of the capacity pot i (being negative) Vm PL j R C Vm PC j R C The concluion i belo though the calculation and analyi above: unde the ine table tate, the enegy hich voltage ouce povide fully act on the eitance, hile although thee continuouly geneate time vaiable electic field and time vaiable magnetic field in the LC pot, they don t conume enegy, hich i the vitual poe If thee exit a cetain kind of exchange beteen them, it ill be beteen the poitive vitual poe in the inductance and the negative vitual poe in the capacity Expand L, C in the figue, and it adiate to the fee pace, hich indicate that the time vaiable electomagnetic field in the fee pace i vitual poe, not the enegy 5 Epilogue Thi aticle invetigate the natual chaacte of electic ave itelf, centeed on the intenal connection beteen phenomenon and eence, and the neceay connection beteen action and theoem When e ay that intefeence i not the chaacte of enegy, it mean that the intefeence of electic ave i not the action of enegy Alo, uch phyical action can not calculated, analyzed and decibed though the viepoint of ave enegy O, if it ue enegy o enegy flux denity to decibe the intefeence, it ill not comply ith the objective fact When e ay that the tanmiion of electic ave doe not obey the enegy conevation of electic ave, it mean that, the tanmiion of electic ave i not the tanmiion of enegy, but the tanmiion of vecto field, hich alo mean that uch phyical action can not be calculated, analyzed and decibed though the viepoint of enegy O, if it ue enegy o enegy flux denity to decibe eflection and efaction, it ill not deive the eflection and efaction equation, even thee ill come out enegy inceae When e ay that the tanmiion of electic ave i not the tanmiion of enegy, it mean that the ubtance hich electic ave tanmit i vecto field, not the ave enegy O, if the tanmitted ubtance i ave enegy, hen uing enegy to invetigate the eceived light intenity, it ill not comply ith the fact Maybe, if the tanmiion of light i not C

12 only the tanmiion of field, but alo the tanmiion of enegy, hen uing thee to viepoint to decibe the light intenity, the ane hould be the ame, but, it i actually oppoite Baed on many of the analyi above, e have poof to think, the adiation of electic ave i not the adiation of enegy What i othhile to note i, hen the electic ave i unde a cetain condition and acting on a pecial object, it can be tanfomed into enegy, hich i the leap fom quantitative change to qualitative change Thi chapte i not dicuing the pocedue of qualitative change, but dicuing the natual chaacte of electic ave befoe that leap Whethe electic field, magnetic field, o foce field, hen they act on the pecial object unde a cetain condition, they mut be tanfomed into a cetain enegy, hich i no doubt Once it i tanfomed into enegy, the enegy i conevation, hich i alo unavoidable Foce (contant foce o time vaiable foce) act on the object, it can be tanfomed into kinetic enegy, but the eence of foce (contant foce o time vaiable foce) i not enegy, hich eem to eemble electic field, magnetic field In the pat, the tudy hich people did on the action of foce a pefect, and it doe not need to impove anymoe No, the tudy that people doe on the action of field jut tat, and it need futhe eeach Becaue the mechanim hich field and ubtance inteact i not completed debunked yet, o that ome people conide the individual phenomena a tuth, to miundetand electic ave i enegy, and I have to ay that it i a vey egetful thing To ay the above concluion imply, electic ave doe not diectly adiate ave enegy, but adiate vecto field Such concluion ha nothing to do ith the ave paticle duality and quantum hypothei We ay that the electic ave itelf i ucceive, but e don t diagee ith quantifying uch ucceive tuff-----fo example, ave, photon Becaue, it doe not matte hethe quantification o digitalization, they ae both convenient to calculation Epecially the high fequency light ave, ultaviolet, x ay and ay, the highe the fequency i, the moe paticle eence it diplay O, hen eaching x ay uch a fequency limit, becaue the ave length can be compaed ith the electon ize, it mainly ho the paticle chaacte, o to ay that it i mainly the paticle Although light ave and the ay ith highe fequency ha paticle chaacte, hich ha been accepted by many people, and become vey popula, but it doe not influence the concluion the adiation of electic ave i the adiation of field vecto, and obey the adiation vecto field conevation, becaue the paticle chaacte belong to cope of duality Fo example, the diffaction of the electon flo emitted fom the cathode diplay the hape of concentic ing, although the diffaction ha the avelike phenomena, e can not ay that the motion of electon flo tanmit ave enegy Thee i a kind of hotgun in China, thee i filled ith the mall ize metal ball in the boe, afte hooting, thee diplay concentic pot on the taget, although it ha the ame volatility, e can t ay that the motion of metal ball tanmit the ave The ame thing, fo example, the dipole emiion antenna ith the poe one kiloatt, fequency one megahetz, adiate the vecto field hich ae E and B to the fee pace epectively, e can 4 4 only ay that it adiate vecto field, and can t ay that it adiate paticle When e ay the

13 adiation of electic ave doe not have enegy chaacte, it mainly mean that duing the adiation, it adiate in the vacuum a the eence of vecto field, but hen it inteact ith the object, it might diplay the paticle chaacte in ome cicumtance, and be tanfomed into enegy Thi ection negate electic ave enegy theoy It can pove actually, all the electic ave action can not be analyzed by the viepoint of ave enegy Many phyical expeiment indicate, all the action of electic ave ae the action of independent field vecto, but not the diect action of ave enegy Of coue, light ave acting on the black body can geneate heat adiation, light ave acting on potaium oxide diode can geneate cuent, light ave acting on the kin can make people feel hot, light ave acting on the plant can geneate photoynthei, light ave acting on the electon can geneate diffaction, and o on, thee qualitative change happen beteen the light ave and object, duing the qualitative change, thee geneate heat o othe kind of enegy, the minimum unit of tanfomation can be calculated accoding to enegy quantum hf In othe od, in ode to calculate moe conveniently, it can be quantified The oding in the aticle can be modified, the length of the aticle can be compeed Refeence Zeng Qingping The Summay of Natual Science Pinciple-- Intepetation about the impotant difficult poblem of phyic la Science publihe of Hubei, in Wuhan,China,0096 Zeng QingpingSummaization of Quetion on EM Theoy, Poceeding of ILLMC 994 3Zeng QingpingSummaization of Negative to Maxell EM Theoy, Poceeding of ILLMC 995 4Zeng QingpingPoblem on Demontation of the Electic Field Poducing the Magnetic FieldPoceeding of ICMMT 98 (ISTP) 5Zeng QingpingPoblem on Demontation of the Magnetic Field Poducing the Electic Field Poceeding of ICMMT 98 (ISTP) 7Zeng QingpingQuetion on Maxell Electomagnetic Field Theoy Poceed-ing of ICEEA 94 (SCI) 7Zeng QingpingNegative Viepoint to Maxell Electomagnetic Field The-oyChinee Jounal of Radio Science, o Poceeding of ICRS' 95, p7~3 8Zeng QingpingOn Theoy of Relativity in Ma Spectomete Poceeding of CMSC 99, in China 9Zeng QingpingQuetion on EM Theoy and the Sepaative Viepoint on Elec-tic field and Magnetic field, Jounal of Ai Foce Rada Academy, VoL Zeng Qingping Summaization of Quetion on EM Theoy, Poceeding of ILLMC 00 Zeng Qingping Summaization of Negative to Maxell EM Theoy, Poceeding of ILLMC 00 Expecting the efeence that you publihed []Dipute Exiting in the Phyical Natual of Electomagnetic Induction []Veification of Geneal Loentz Magnetic Foce [3]Expeimental Method to Negate Maxell Theoy [4]Mathematical Model of Independent Radiation Magnetic Field [5]The Eence of Electic Wave I not Enegy [6] About the Phyical Eence of Michelon-Moley Expeiment 3

14 [7] Light Velocity Obey Galileo Relativity Pinciple [8] Compton Scatteing Expeiment of Roentgen Ray Obey Neton La [9] Clock Becoming Sloe I the Neceity of Neton La [0] Eintein Loentz Tanfomation I a Math Game 4

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