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2 To Users During the 11th Five-Year Plan period, as the sole institution-level information center of Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Computer Network Information Center (hereinafter referred to as CNIC), guided by the service concept of Willing to be a ladder, serving innovation, being pragmatic and industrious, and opening for win-win, achieved significant growth of supporting capacity under three fundamental environments, i.e. network environment, data environment, supercomputing environment, and made fruitful achievements on the aspects of collaboration environment research, advance of e-science application and propaganda, etc, and eminent effect was achieved in the services of ARP application system, website groups of CAS, Internet-based Science Communication and other application platforms, and realized healthy and steady development in cctld registration & management. To ensure the long-term sustainable development, CNIC defined planning (One Positioning, Three Major Breakthroughs and Five Key Fostering Directions, see Chapter 1 for details), expressly set up the positioning goal of CNIC through careful sorting and strategic discussions in line with the requirements proposed in the planning of CAS, and a grand development blueprint was formulated. The way ahead is full of ups and downs, CNIC is still faced with many difficulties and challenges. Therefore, it should always keep the awareness and a sense of crisis. Just like what Mr. Tan Tieniu, Deputy Secretary of CAS, pointed out: the functional positioning of the informatization supporting service organizations of CNIC is neither statutory nor irreplaceable. Under the rapid development background of informatization, the one that provides better informatization supporting service has stronger discourse right. More performance, the higher the position, CNIC will constantly update the informatization infrastructures, innovate informatization application and service capability, improve the standard regulatory system, security assurance system and service supporting system and rely on the whole staff to embody the value of the existence of CNIC by joint efforts, to consolidate the status of CNIC in informatization building of CAS and constantly elevate the overall informatization level of CAS and even China is a significant year playing a linking role in implementation of the 12th Five-Year Plan. During this year, CNIC will focus on one center, earnestly implement planning, further define each measure, enhance the maneuverability, and mobilize the whole staff by innovative culture building; constantly sharpen the competitive edge of the products and services of CNIC by gradual implementation of planning, in a bid to improve the experience and satisfaction of users. We hereby express sincere acknowledgement to the supports of all circles and the good suggestions proposed by users. Users opinions and suggestions are the impetus driving the constant development of CNIC, and each business department of CNIC improved the measures according to customers opinions and suggestions and put them into implementation during the work in In 2012, we will, based on the current work, strengthen our active services to users in line with the overall development strategy Led by demand, construct and share together, operate and maintain together, expand application to provide advanced and reliable informatization infrastructure and support for Innovation During the course, continuous supports and guidance from users are highly expected, and the feedback system is shown as below: Tel: , Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

3 Organizational Chart China Science & Technology Network Center Scientific Data Center Supercomputing Center Business Departments ARP Operation Support Center China Internet Network Information Center Collaboration Environment Research Center Academic Committee Internet-based Science Communication Center CNIC Leadership Academic Degree Evaluation Committee Administrative Departments Comprehensive Office Scientific and Technological Management Department Human Resource and Education Department Financial Department Overall e-science Application Promotion Group Support Departments e-science Call-in Service Center Journal Editorial Department Scientific Database Office Other Departments Secretariat of Chinese National Committee for CODATA Office of CAS Federation for Public Science Education KNET Co., Ltd. (Beijing) Beijing Zhongke Beilong Science and Technology Co., Ltd Beijing Beilong Super Cloud Computing Co., Ltd. Beijing Sanfront Information Technology Co., Ltd.* Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences Note: * Transfer of the company s equities was completed in 2011.

4 CONTENTS 2 Panoramic View of Informatization Supporting Services 4 Overview of CNIC 10 Scientific Research Network Environment 15 Scientific Data Environment 21 Supercomputing Environment 26 Collaboration Environment 32 Propulsion and Propagation of e-science Applications 36 Informatization in Scientific Research Management 39 Internet-based Science Education and Public Outreach 44 Internet Basic Infrastructure Resource Service 51 Miscellanea 65 Appendix 68 Terms & Abbreviations 2011 Annual Report 1

5 Panoramic View of Informatization Supporting Services Service name Service contents Provide users with access to China Science & Technology Network by optical fiber, digital circuit, DDN, etc. Provide high-speed sharing global scientific data resources to users through GLORIAD, HKOEP, Orientplus, etc. Provide CNGI technology consultancy and solution implementation service, IPv6 data transmission and network maintenance service and IPv6 application technology support service. Relying on the telecom-level computer room and abundant network resources of China Science & Technology Network, provide the government, scientific research institutes, enterprises and other organizations with high-quality, safe and reliable server hosting, hire, ASP and other value-added services. Safeguard smooth user access to Internet, stable operation of science and technology network and smooth transmission of massive scientific research data. Based on the comprehensive network management platform of China Science & Technology Network, realize the functions of resource management, traffic monitoring, performance analysis, fault positioning and processing, statistical analysis, etc, and provide virtual network management service by cloud service model. 1. Internet access service 2. Internet scientific research network service 3. CNGI/CSTNET Internet service of next-generation 4. Internet data center (IDC) service 5. CSTNET operation and maintenance management service 6. Network management service Service name Service contents Cloud storage and backup service of SDC IaaS. Scientific database integration, publication and operation; data resources accumulation, etc. Big data processing, scientific research application. Scientific data cloud management platform of SDC DaaS. Service contents 1. Massive storage infrastructure service 2. Data application environment operation service 3. Data intensive processing service 4. Scientific data cloud service Service name 1. High-performance computing service Scientific Data Center China Sc Technology Ne Leading hardware resources; abundant commercial open-source and self-developed software resources; all-round system operation and maintenance management. Provide numerous self-developed scientific computation, data processing and visual software and tools; and provide parallel program design consultation, parallel program debugging, optimization of serial and parallel program performance and other services. Provide massive data visualization, volume data visualization, molecular model visualization, visualization analysis and other systematic visualization service models; covering remote visualization service, visualization plan consulting, visualization software development and other services. Provide users with computing services to national-level high-performance computing grid infrastructure; provide users with solutions and application training for construction of grid computing platform and grid application platform. Mainly provide MPI parallel programming, OpenMP parallel programming, parallel computing platform building, use and management, Linux operating system use and management, Intel software introduction and application performance analysis, professional application software training and various training programs for the software/hardware environment of the Center. Service contents Rapidly create conference websites; release real-time conference information; flexibly customize and manage conference registration, abstracts submission and accommodation; and provide online services by cloud model. Build up team-work environment, share ideas, documents and charts; sort materials and data, accumulate repository and database for teams; organize projects, share and collaboratively edit documents, and track document versions; Cloud service, and mobile applications enabling ubiquitous resource access. Provide collaborative environment and knowledge services for laboratories; provide Team Calendar, Task Management, Unified Communications Tools, Exchange Area, Subject Funds Management and other plug-in services. 2. Parallel computing software service 3. Scientific computing visualization service 4. Grid computing service 5. HPC training service Service name 1. Conference service platform 2. Research Online 3. Laboratory Information Management System Supercomputing Center Collaboration Environment Research Center Service name Overall e Applic Promotin Service contents Provide comprehensive informatization planning and consulting services about technology, application, etc to organizations with the requirements of informatization inside CAS. Combining the actual needs and requirements of future development of informatization building units, provide users with informatization building plan design and compilation services. Software and hardware integration and development for realizing data collection during field scientific research, e.g. video image collecting system, wireless sensor system, field inspection data collecting system, network building under field environment, etc. 1. Comprehensive informatization planning and consulting service 2. Design and compilation of informatization building plan 3. Software and hardware integration and development to meet the demands of field scientific research applications 4. Informatization publicity and journal publication Responsible to publish two journals, i.e. e-science Technology & Application and Newsletter of CAS Informatization, to publicize the development trend of informatization technology and application achievements. 2 COMPUTER NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER, Chinese ACAdemy of sciences

6 Service name 7. Network security service 8. Mail service system 9. Video conference system service Service contents Provide security services to the network information production, transmission, storage and processing, and provide security guarantee for the development of informatization. Provide uniform professional service with high reliability and security. 10. Personal converged communication service for scientific research 11. Network technology consultation and implementation 12. Cutting-edge network technology research and innovative experiment environment service Provide video conference and desktop conference, site and remote guarantee, technical support and consulting and training service. Integrate IP voice communication, mail, desktop video conference, SMS, personal portal, e-payment, charging package, website address recommendation, help website and other functions, and the system allows dialing (for free) CAS s office telephones provided with IP voice gateway equipment, and meanwhile provides access to the mail system (Webmail), desktop conference, public contacts and other integrated environments. Provide all-round planning consultation, construction implementation, management optimization, operation guarantee and other technical supports for informatization building and application demands of users. In the light of problems and challenges encountered with Internet, carry out cutting-edge network technology study, and provide experiment environment and services for IT innovation according to the resources of Chinese Science & Technology Network. Service name ience & twork Center China Internet Network Information Center 1. Domain name registration management and domain name root server operation 2. Technical R&D and security guarantee for national network infrastructure resources 3. Internet development research and consulting service 4. Cooperation and technical exchange on open Internet Service name 1. MN-based science outreach service Service contents Operate and manage country code top-level domain name (TLD).CN and Chinese domain name system, and provide global users with uninterrupted domain name registration, domain name resolution, WHOIS query and other services. Build up a world-leading Internet basic resource service which is highly efficient, secure and stable, support multi-level, multi-mode public-interest Internet basic resource service, actively seek breakthroughs in the core capability of China s network infrastructure resources and self-developed tools, and radically improve the reliability, security and stability of China s network infrastructure resource system. Carry out multiple Internet network statistical researches on the Internet development status in China, depict the macro-development status of China s Internet network, and earnestly record its development trace. On the one hand, support the policy study of the country and government, and on the other hand, provide public-interest oriented researches and consulting services related to Internet development to enterprises, users, research institutes. Track the latest development of Internet policy and technology, carry out business collaboration and cooperation with relevant international organizations and other countries and regions. Undertake major international Internet conference and events, and build up an open shared research environment and a platform for international exchanges. Facilitate the conversion and incubation of scientific research results, and serve the development of China s Internet cause. Service contents 2. Science & technology video service China Mobile, Unicom and Telecom access number ; mobile phone SMS/color message newspaper and integration service; Wap DIY tools for website construction; creation and publication of e-magazine based on ios system; development of intelligent terminal applications based on Android system. Internet-based Science Communication Center 3. Design and fabrication service 4. Website building tools and environment service 5. Internet-based Science Communication 6. E-Learning service Service name HD video shooting and making; mobile studio and multi-media studio; online live service. Cartoon; 3D visualization; interactive games; digital exhibits; website design and fabrication. Cooperative creation platform for scientific outreach; website building tools; access statistics tools; graph processing tools; 3D panorama producing tools; 3D object making tools; scientific outreach grid resource storage and service; fundamental environment for scientific outreach website operation service. Video channel; virtual science tours; stories on frontier and hot science topics; scientists view and general introduction to science outreach topics; digital science outreach resource network; interactive community and SNS platform. Courseware recording and editing tools; customerized E-Learning software system; online learning and training management cloud service; serial training and education courseware; E-Learning solutions. -Science ation g Group ARP Operation Support Center 1. Monitoring service 2. Hosting service 3. ARP application support service 4. Information source service 5. Support services for the website of CAS and sub-websites (portal) of the units subordinated to CAS 6. Secondary sub-website building service 7. ARP and website groups training service Service contents Research institute VPN network PocketDisk IDS alarm 24h monitoring service; Research institute ARP core server equipment operating condition 24h monitoring service; Provide hosting stations with ARP system operation environment and daily operation and maintenance service, guarantee safe and stable operation of system, and provide system operation state monitoring and daily problem support consulting services. Relying on technical support hotline, ARP operation maintenance platform and other methods, provide 128 ARP online units of the entire CAS with technical supports and consulting services for ten major application system and two platforms; Relying on the two-level data center of CAS, provide daily data monitoring report, data analysis, trend analysis and other services to the management of CAS; Provide guarantee service to website groups platform of CAS, and provide support service for website application of CAS. Provide sub-website administrators and information personnel with technical supports and consulting services through technical support hotline, technical exchange platform, etc. Provide secondary sub-website building, personalized function development, website revision and column making, website hosting, website operation and supporting services on the website cluster expansion platform and self-developed platform of CAS. Provide various business operation training service to ARP and website groups users of CAS Annual Report 3

7 Overview of CNIC 2011 is the first year of both the national 12th Five-Year Plan and the implementation of Innovation 2020 strategy of CAS. In addition to full completion of all the task targets of Phase 3 of CAS knowledge innovation program, and 11 special informatization tasks of the 11th Five-Year Plan of CAS, CNIC proactively strived for the key national projects of National Development and Reform Commission, the Ministry of Science and Technology, etc, and press ahead the construction of advanced scientific research information infrastructures and Internet fundamental infrastructure resources; actively cooperate with national Internet governance, and guarantee the stable development of cctld. Chen Hao Secretary of CPC Committee & Vice-Director Huang Xiangyang Director Dai Bowei Vice-Director & Chief Disciplinary Secretary Presiding over the work of the Party Committee, in charge of infrastructure construction, personnel, post graduate education, confidentiality, administration and logistics and as well as guarantee of security operation. Presiding over the all-round work of CNIC and concurrently serving as Director of China Internet Network Information Center, in charge of work of Internet basic resources construction and service, international cooperation, talent introduction, finance, industrialization and quality control. Concurrently acting as the director with China Science & Technology Network Center, in charge of informatization scientific research and support services (including China Science and Technology Network, Super-computing, ARP, Science data, Collaboration environment, science popularization, e-science), cooperation with local institutions, supervising and auditing, and assisting confidentiality. I. Strategic Planning Based on the achievements of Strategic Planning 2010, CNIC carried out deployment focusing on the planning (One Positioning, Three Major Breakthroughs and Five Key Fostering Directions) strategy, convened development strategy workshop of CNIC, and formulated the development strategy through multiple discussions. Strategy workshop 4 Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

8 1. One positioning Mission: To be the service supporting institution of the scientific research informatization and management informatization of CAS, registration and management, operation services and technical R&D institution of the national Internet basic resources, R&D and demonstration base of informatization application technology. Overall goal: To become a top-ranking Network Information Center leading the construction of China s e-science, an information resource center driving the sustainable development of management informatization of CAS, and to rank among the world s advanced supercomputing centers, data centers and scientific research networks; and to become an Internet basic resource center and a world s top-ranking Internet information center serving the Internet development of China. 2. Three major breakthroughs Breakthrough 1: Comprehensively improve the capabilities of providing basic informatization service. Substantially improve the service capability and operation and maintenance level of China Science and Technology Network Center, Supercomputing Center, Scientific Data Center and China Internet Network Information Center, closely combine with the 12th Five-Year informatization planning of CAS, and build up an informatization infrastructure (network, supercomputing and data environment) applicable for research requirements of Innovation 2020 of CAS. Construct advanced country-level non-profit scientific research network infrastructures and cloud service environment, remarkably improve the network management and security assurance capability, realize the 99.9% network availability of the core network and backbone network of China Science & Technology Network, the 99.9% availability of the overall resources of distributed supercomputing environment of CAS, the 99.9% normal service rate of trans-regional data centers, so as to provide informatization infrastructure service support to Science & Technology Cloud and Management Cloud of the 12th Five-Year informatization planning. Build up a worldleading, efficient, secure and stable Internet basic resource service platform. Breakthrough 2: Remarkably boost development of informatization application. Formulate an integrated solution for scientific research data acquisition, transmission, storage, modeling, analysis and visualization, and provide e-science service based on sea-cloud mode; establish a widely-used network collaborative scientific research environment that effectively supports scientific research; seek breakthrough in e-science application demonstration in ecological and biological scientific research field, drive the improvement of the overall application level of e-science; build up a management informatization service platform that supports reasonable decision-making; and build up an interaction and communication service platform for science development; actively participate in and exert efforts to push ahead pilot applications of science and technology cloud and management cloud of the 12th Five-Year informatization planning of CAS. Breakthrough 3: Build up an innovative experiment environment supporting future IT research and development. Give full play to our own advantages, closely cooperate with relevant research institutes, actively participate in the future IT research, integrate network, storage, computing, sensing, data and other resources, seek breakthrough in virtualization and experiment service management and control technology, establish standardization and open/ sharing mechanism, accommodate diversified resources, effectively support end-to-end innovation study, real scene verification and scale demonstration. Expand the new application field of the science and technology cloud of 12th Five-Year informatization planning, and provide integration, application and demonstration services for future IT research and development Annual Report 5

9 Overview of CNIC 3. Five key fostering directions Direction 1: Future Internet architecture and key technologies, facing the challenges of the integration of human, machine and objects, focusing on the architecture and relevant key technologies centered on contents and service. Direction 2: Credible Internet basic resource service system and security assurance technology, technical research on Internet basic resources (domain name, IP address, etc.) and the information security and service security. Direction 3: High-performance scientific computing method and software, study on Level P-E high-precision parallel algorithm and realization of critical technologies, and as well as super cloud computing model and technology. Direction 4: Sea-cloud data center and key technologies, facing the challenges of massive data management and application in the future sea-cloud environment, seeking breakthrough in massive data distributed storage, highefficient processing and mining and visualized analysis technology, and as well as large scale scientific data collection and sharing application technologies. Direction 5: Scientific research informatization and management informatization application and its key technologies, study on network collaboration environment, scientific workflow, massive information collection and management, intelligent scientific research, information service, new media communication and interaction, etc, auxiliary decision-making support platform based on cloud technology, research institution s comprehensive service platform based on Internet of Things (IoT) technology, promoting informatization demonstrating application of modern and convenient intelligent area with top functions. II. Business Development Through more than a decade of unremitting efforts and continuous development, CNIC has become the leader and core institution for informatization building, technical support and service. In terms of infrastructure, China Science and Technology Network covers over 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities directly under the Central Government, interconnecting 139 institutes (including enterprises transformed from 11 institutes) and a great number of scientific devices and field stations of CAS, and provides services to over 100 non-cas units. At present, the bandwidth of the backbone of China Science and Technology Network is 10G, and 155M-2.5G for WAN, and the access network bandwidth is 1G. Video conference system realized seamless integration with the desktop, and the capacity of private mail system has been upgraded to 3G. In terms of e-science infrastructures, the Supercomputing Center has a peak at 150 TFlops of CCPU supercomputer and GPU high-performance computing cluster (Sugon, Lenovo, etc), as well as matching storage and visualized devices. Up to now, they have already formed a platform which supports the high-performance scientific computation of CAS. As a leading unit, the Supercomputing Center cooperated with and organized over 60 institutes of CAS to 6 Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

10 carry out scientific database building and service under the leadership of Informatization Working Office of CAS, the total quantity of data source achieves to 218TB, data that can be shared online reached 141TB, and annual average data download exceeded 100TB; collaborative working environment, Duckling platform has basically come into shape and opened source codes, encouraging scientific workers to develop various application plug-ins and apply them in some key scientific research projects of the nation and CAS; e-science application in important wild bird resource and epidemic disease monitoring and risk evaluation study in Qinghai Lake Area and other e-science application demonstration work has obtained remarkable achievements. Overall Promotion Group for e-science Application and e-science Call Center played an important coordinating and supporting role in e-science application and service. e-science Technology and Application edited and published by the Journal Editorial Department has become an officially published science and technology journal. In respect of scientific management informatization, an informatization platform is not only provided to daily business processing of scientific research management, but also a convenient tool to address key management requirements of CAS and the nation. The CAS website group was established, among which Chinese and English websites of CAS are the major websites and the Chinese and English websites of 356 institutes are subwebsites, and leaping development of CAS website group construction was realized. In respect of online scientific popularization, CAS formed scientific popularization service system organically composed of online science popularization resource system, online science popularization service system and co-constructing and sharing environment and integrated with openness and interaction has preliminarily come into shape, and this created an online scientific popularization brand of CAS, and it became a major force of national online science popularization. In respect of Internet basic resource management, cctld began to step into a healthy and stable development track through constant enhancement of infrastructure building, application expansion and improvement of service after cctld realized real-name registration management. Meanwhile, forward-looking study on Internet and technology has been deepened and expanded continuously, and China s influence has been growing in technology communications of Internet community. III. Scientific Research Projects and Achievements In 2011, CNIC actively strived for and took advantage of various resources, and successfully applied for the projects from National Reform and Development Commission, Ministry of Science and Technology of the P.R. China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, CAS and local governments. CNIC got 76 new projects in 2011, involving a total fund of RMB65.63 million. In the same year, CNIC listed the implementation of intellectual property rights related work as one of the major tasks, conducted many intellectual property rights related training programs, enhanced patent and software copyright application, applied for 40 patents in total, applied for and obtained registration of 51 software copyrights Annual Report 7

11 Overview of CNIC Table: List of new scientific projects of CNIC in 2011 Category of project Number of projects Project fund in total (RMB10,000) National 863 Program National 973 Program National Natural Science Foundation 4 67 Other National Programs Projects from local government 2 50 The 12th Five-Year Informatization Project of CAS 9 3,945 Strategic Priority Research Program of CAS Other Programs of CAS International Cooperation Projects Projects from Other Institutes, Universities and Industry CNIC Projects Total 76 6,563 IV. International Communication and Cooperation In 2011, CNIC actively explored new international cooperation models in the light of the being pragmatic and industrious, and opening for win-win concept, achieved new progress in domestic and international cooperation and expanded the space of cooperation. CNIC organized five international conferences in 2011, including The American-Chinese Cyberinfrastructure and E-Science Workshop (ACCESS) 2011, 2011 International Symposium on Computational Chemistry and HPC Applications, International Workshop of GPU Solutions to Multiscale Problems in Science and Engineer 2011 (GPU- SMP2011) and Fifth China-U.S. Roundtable Meeting on Scientific Data Cooperation. Therein, ACCESS 11 is themed visualization and visualization analysis, presenting the latest progress and achievements of both in China and the USA. The 1st CAS-HGF Workshop on Supercomputing was co-sponsored by CAS and HGF and jointly hosted by FZ-Juelich and CNIC. During the conference, the two undertaking parties reached a strategic agreement, which definitely prescribed the cooperation for advance in four aspects; meanwhile, the workshop decided to establish a new cooperation platform CHANGES (Chinese-American-German E-Science and Cyberinfrastructure Workshop) by CNIC, NCSA and Juelich, the upgraded CHANGES will serve as a significant bond for multilateral strategic cooperation. In 2011, CNIC also successfully bid for holding IEEE e-science (2013) International Conference in Beijing, and this will further expand the international cooperation channel, and strengthen the influence of CNIC and CAS. 8 Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

12 The 1st CAS-HGF Workshop on Supercomputing In terms of posts in international organizations, research fellows Yan Baoping and Nan Kai continuously acted as the committee members of WDS-SC, PRAGMA and other international scientific organizations. CNNIC also continued to expand and strengthen participation in related activities of international Internet community. There are newly added posts in international Internet community: Mr. Li Xiaodong acted as Vice President of ICANN in the name of CNIC research fellow, in charge of Asian affairs, and he then acted as the first Chinese that entered into the top executive team of ICANN, and meanwhile undertook a member of Domain Name Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC), member of Domain Name Security and Recoverability Evaluation Expert Team (SSR RT); Ms. Zhao Wei was selected as a member of APNIC Executive Board, and Ms. Shen Zhi as Co-chairman of APNIC NIR-SIG; CNNIC continues acted as Co-chairman of APPSAWG Working Team in IETF, Secretary of EAI Working Team, a member of Evaluation Committee in APP field, and other positions. CNIC experts holding positions in these international organizations actively participated in various conferences and relevant activities within the organizations, continuously expanded CNIC and CNNIC s influences on the globe, and continuously expanded the international communication space Annual Report 9

13 Scientific Research Network Environment CSTNET is an academic non-commercial research network under the leadership of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, constructs and operates the most leading Internet infrastructure, promotes scientific research network applications and Internet key technology and application vision research, provides scientific research network service and fundamental information support and guarantee for the national scientific innovation development. I. Infrastructure Construction CSTNET core network was founded in Beijing. Through high-speed circuits, CSTNET forms nation-wide backbone network which covers over 30 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities including twelve sub-centers as Shanghai, Guangzhou, Kunming and Xinjiang etc. and eighteen independent institutes. In 2001, Kunming, Shenyang circuits capacity expanded to 2.5G. By the end of the year, CSTNET had 8 2.5G backbone network circuits. CSTNET constructed backup circuits for Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenyang, Changchun, Chengdu, Lanzhou sub-centers and provided backup protect for the backbone circuits. In July 2011, CSTNET completed the 11th Five- Year project Internet Environment Construction and Service. II. Operation & Maintenance Support and Services 1. Network running status CSTNET provides year-round uninterrupted 7x24 network maintenance services and network trouble shooting. Until the year 2011, CSTNET had kept quality of Internet carrier-class network operation, implemented yearly 99.99% Internet availability (not excluding third-part causes and/or routine maintenance). 10 COMPUTER NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER, Chinese ACAdemy of sciences

14 CSTNET 7x24 supported extremely fast, answered our questions with responsibility, helped our institutes network manager handle network trouble. Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences, CAS. 2. Traffic distribution and composition In 2011, CSTNET overall traffic tended to steadily rise up especially the IPv6 traffic which indicates the next generation Internet gradually pushes to the application on CSTNET. The charts below display the overall traffic and IPv6 traffic of CSTNET in recent three years. CSTNET IPv4 traffic CSTNET IPv6 traffic 3. Network security status Security monitoring service ability promoted and monitor scope extended to all users. In 2011, CSTNET had discovered and handled 1,465 inner network security events, scanned and assessed 50,000 computers and discovered 4,000 flaw computers, 2,700 websites had been analyzed by remote permeate. 4. system status In 2011, system continued to maintain high efficiency and stability with quality service, also cleared up the weak password users, updated storage device updated and supported IPv6. In terms of system function expansion and upgrade, system improved the function of Webmail, pushed forward the IPv6 support, completed the IPv6 servers deploy in Aug, 2011, test running in September and comprehensive test and users promotion in October. The system has supported the IPv6 log in and client mail transmit-receive receiving mails sending mails spam mails system operation data statistics figure of CAS 2011 Annual Report 11

15 Scientific Research Network Environment 5. CAS video conference system status Considering the actual needs of users, Desktop Video Conference System has upgraded to support IPv4 and IPv6 dual-stack, optimized database, simplified the appointment conference process, refined search results, optimized conference, list, audio and video test functions, built a comprehensive, flexible, stable and reliable desktop communication platform with combination of video, audio and information Video conference annual cartogram 6. Scientific research application oriented communication system The application for scientific research personal communication application platform is based on mature SaaS concept, through the system user resources and authentication information to realize the unified login. Integrated IP audio communication, , desktop video conference, mobile phone messages, personal portal, electronic payment, recharge package, website recommend and help website. At the same time, it provides integrated environment such as CAS webmail login, desktop conference and public contact. 7. Customer services In 2011, CSTNET promoted the construction of the three-level operation and support service system, completed the project task document formulation, sign and operation funds appropriation and etc. In addition to organize sub-center work communication conference twice, CSTNET hold monthly notification conference for district center to response the user s demand and problem, guide the daily operation maintenance and service. At the same time, the headquarter instructed various and colorful activities with sub-centers, they form a multi-level comprehensive user interaction exchange mechanism with institutes and district center. III. Domestic and International Communication In 2011, CSTNET sent delegations to Chinese-American Networking Symposium CANS2011, Asia-Pacific Advanced Network (APAN), China-EU network cooperation project OrientPlus coordinate seminar, TNC2011 Europe Network Technical Conference, EU 7th Framework Programme application guideline conference. The fifth Computer Science Technology 2011 (FCST- 11), 2nd International Workshop on Wireless Networks and CANS Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

16 Multimedia (WNM-11), The 10th IEEE International Symposium on Network Computing and Applications (NCA11) and the 4th IEEE International Conference on Computer Science and Information Technology (ICCSIT11). In January 2001, CSTNET signed the strategic cooperative memorandum with the International Center for Advanced Internet Research (ICAIR) of Northwestern University in Beijing. CSTNET has successfully established a Beijing- Northwestern university tunnel, to join global network innovation environment (GENI) international cooperation. Jim Chen, vice director of ICAIR visited CSTNET for further cooperation with communication. In order to share cloud computing innovation and experience, discuss cloud computing research trends and application prospects, CSTNET held innovation salon activity on 19 July IV. Typical Cases 1. National bureau of statistics of China Online direct-reporting application network protection Online direct-reporting is a revolution of the traditional statistical data collection, It changed the layer upon layer report data collecting method, the enterprise data will be required to transfer to the national bureau of statistics data center directly, with two point, one line mode to ensure raw data true, fraudulent statistical data distortion is avoided. CSTNET provides network platform for National Bureau of Statistics of China Online direct-reporting. CSTNET staff provides reliable technical support and stable support platform for the project. 2. 4over6 tunnel construction for sub-centers CSTNET general center constructs 6 4over6 lines based on IPv4 over IPv6 tunnel for the IPv4 backup lines connects Changchun, Shenyang, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Lanzhou and Chengdu sub-center. 4over6 backup lines have taken effect for many times since completed, provided more solid and reliable network access service. V. Key Projects and Achievements 1. CNGI project CSTNET undertook five subtasks of the CNGI advanced scientific research information construction of infrastructure, including construction of high-speed scientific research data network, network management system research, network security environment, converged communications environment and future Internet testing bed. CNGI Sub-project Construction Target Project High speed scientific research data network construction Network management system construction Target Upgrade 7 core routers; 12 sub-center construction; expansion to 2.5G for Shenyang, Kunming complete the design and account of 109 institutes, 30 field station and 10 scientific device project. Research and deploy IPv4/IPv6 network management system Research IPv4/IPv6 distributed perception monitoring system 2011 Annual Report 13

17 Scientific Research Network Environment CNGI Sub-project Construction Target Project Network security environment construction Converged communication environment Future Internet testing bed Target Deploy intrusion detection, hang horse detection, trojan activity monitoring and remote detection evaluation equipment system; design and bid of terminal security management system, complete network security management system requirements analysis, project design and bid. Function upgrade for and video conference system. Complete test bed overall design, build a prototype system; carry out the research of key technology. 2. Global high-speed scientific research network (GLORIAD-Taj) project In 2011, CSTNET applied for the Ministry of Science and Technology cooperation project Global high-speed scientific research network (GLORIAD-Taj) performance improvement and key technical cooperation. The project s construction and implementation would considerably increase the network bandwidth of China, the United States and Northern Europe, upgrade ten billion for the Hong Kong to North America. This network would connect India, Singapore, Vietnam and Egypt and other countries funded by National Science Foundation (NSF) and bring about more scientific information resource. 3. ITER international high-speed special data network project In 2011, ITER project completed unified communication platform LYNC deployment and core network storage disaster center construction, cooperated with major plan with national support. ITER project would be success stories for cooperation of international scientific resource advantage of CSTNET and scientific application. VI. Training Programs for Informatization In 2011, CSTNET held information special training covering leading network technology, network construction and network application in the need of users. On November 9th-12th, 2011, CSTNET 2011 annual and network technology seminar and CSTNET 2011 district sub-center and user committees working meeting were held in Zhangjiajie, all the delegates made depth and extensive discussions on the 12th Five-Year informatization network construction and the way to make better service for the users of CSTNET. 14 Computer Network Information Center, Chinese Academy of Sciences

18 Scientific Data Environment Scientific Data Center (SDC) is the information infrastructure supporting organization for the construction and operation of CAS digital data application environment, and has been taking the lead in implementing the CAS Scientific Databases Project for a long time, principally engaging in research, implementation and application services of mass data storage infrastructure construction and operation, large-scale scientific database construction services, data intensive application, etc. I. Infrastructure Construction Mass storage facilities contribute to the core infrastructure of CAS data application environment, which were put into operation during the 11th Five- Year Plan period with 6.42 PB mass data storage. By the end of 2012, SDC will have built distributed storage facilities of 22PB storage capacity, with regional storage nodes connected through 2.5G 10G high-speed S&T network. The system architecture includes Beijing Zhongguancun primary storage center, Huairou archive backup center and twelve regional storage nodes, forming nationwide cloud storage network to meet demands in S&T field. Mass Storage Infrastructure Distribution 2011 Annual Report 15

19 Scientific Data Environment Beijing Zhongguancun primary storage center, is the heart center of the whole mass data environment. Huairou storage center is the main archive backup center, providing security for offsite data backup. The twelve storage nodes in Shanghai, Guangzhou, Lanzhou, Hefei, Kunming, Xinjiang, Shenyang, Chengdu, Wuhan, Changchun, Nanjing, Xi an provide safe and effective mass data storage services for research and engineering application storage needs. II. Operation & Maintenance Supports and Services 1. Data storage services SDC formally launched data storage backup services for CAS in June, 2010, and Online Storage Self-service Platform formally served in September, providing services for more than 40 institutes within and out of CAS, together with 700TB backup data volume and more than 1500TB storage capacity by the end of The main data storage services including: (1) Data storage and backup service (2) Online storage self-service (3) Host mirroring service Online Storage Self-service Platform Presently, nearly 60 CAS institutes established scientific databases mirroring in SDC. Host mirroring services are applied in biological recognition algorithm online evaluation system of CASIA (Institute of Automation, CAS), CAS periodical edition and management system of Chinese Science Publishing Group Co, Ltd., and etc. Deploy and operate data platforms conclude Darwin molecular data analysis, global economy monitoring and policy simulation analysis, etc. 2. Data services To satisfy the scientific data needs from CAS, SDC applied online data sharing, data librarian service and consulting service to promote the data sharing and application in S&T field. In 2011, SDC International Scientific Data Service Platform accumulated 121TB data resources, with up to TB data and 32 kinds of data productions. The prime data services including: Uptrend of Scientific database online visits (ten thousand) 16 COMPUTER NETWORK INFORMATION CENTER, Chinese ACAdemy of sciences

20 (1) Online Data Sharing (2) Data Librarian Service (3) Consulting Service By the end of 2011, online visits to scientific database achieved million with TB data downloaded.sdc coordinates and provides data service system and comprehensive database services for entire CAS relying on CAS Scientific Database project with 63 database construction units and 91 data librarians providing services through united data application environment consulting service system. 3. Data application and technical service SDC also supplied data application and technical service mainly focusing on standard specifications, software tools research and promotion as well as data-intensive application, etc. (1) Standard specifications. SDC jointed the Institute of Soil Science in CAS and successfully launched Soil Scientific Metadata project approved by Standardization Administration of China. SDC also actively participated in implementation on Botanical Garden Database Content Specifications, etc. (2) Software tools research and promotion. SDC developed independently 12 application tools, including VisualDB 2011 for database construction, Resource and Service Registration System, Consulting Service System, Resource Data Statistics System, Data Service Management and Statistical System, etc., updated services for 15 database users in 2011, which promoted the implementation of distributed resources co-construction and sharing. In 2011, SDC obtained 13 Software Copyright, submitted 11 invention patent applications, and published 41 papers with 4 SCI and 14 EI. (3) Geospatial scientific data cloud service platform. Funded by CNIC, within the project Advanced Spatial Data Infrastructure Construction Face to Global Change, SDC and CEODE jointly explored computation, storage, data, model and other resources, providing on-demand convergence service based on application, making a breakthrough in open scientific data acquisition, big data processing, model encapsulating service, etc. (4) Data-intensive application. Combining with mass space data resources, data processing model and data mining technique, as well as considering the needs of Academy of Mathematics and System Science, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Institute of Policy and Management, Institute of Botany, Shenzhen Fairy Lake Botanical Garden and the relevant units, SDC established Data-intensive Application and Sharing Platform. CNIC, as supporting unit of The Key Technology and System Application of Terrestrial Ecosystems Change Observation Project, received the second-class of National Scientific and Technological Progress Award in Annual Report 17

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