1 Effects of NIBRS on Crime Statistics Effects of NIBRS on Crime Statistics is a study of NIBRS data submissions 1991 through Executive Summary When law enforcement agencies switch from reporting crime data in the UCR Summary Reporting System (SRS) format to the format, the perception is the agency s crime volume and crime rates increase. However, apparent increases in crime are not necessarily attributable to actual increases in crime. Rather the perception of increase is due to the greater level of reporting specificity in NIBRS data when compared to SRS data. The perception is based on: The SRS reports aggregated monthly crime summations for eight crime categories (for 2013, this increased to 10 offenses). The NIBRS reports disaggregated offense, victim, offender, property, and arrestee information for 46 offenses (for 2013, this increased to 49 offenses). The SRS employs a hierarchy rule. The NIBRS counts up to 10 offenses per incident. The hierarchy rule in the SRS states when more than one offense occurs within an incident, only the most serious crime contributes to the agency s monthly crime totals. For example, an incident involving murder, robbery, and motor vehicle theft only counts the homicide for the monthly totals, as homicide is the highest offense on the hierarchy. Analysis of the NIBRS and SRS data sets showed changing to NIBRS from SRS reporting has the following effect due to the removal of the hierarchy rule: Rape: No effect. Robbery: Increased 0.5 percent. Aggravated Assault: Increased 0.6 percent. Burglary: Increased 0.8 percent. Larceny: Increased 3.1 percent. Motor Vehicle Theft: Increased 2.8 percent. The agencies reporting NIBRS, which increased from 446 in 1991 to 5,154 in 2011, showed only 9.2 percent of reports contained more than one offense per incident. Users of UCR data should be aware when agencies switch from SRS data reporting to NIBRS reporting they will not see apparent increases in agency crime rates. Because of the low number of multiple-offense incidents and the practice of reinstituting the hierarchy rule when converting NIBRS data to SRS data prior to publication, the level of crime should appear the same.
2 Introduction Since 1930, the FBI has collected crime statistics from law enforcement agencies (LEAs) who voluntarily submit monthly aggregate totals for seven Part I crimes called the Summary Reporting System (SRS). By the late 1970s, the FBI and its partner Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) LEAs saw the need for a new crime reporting program which not only included a host of expanded crime categories, but which also collected more highly-disaggregated information about crime incidents in general. Working together to develop the blueprint for a new data collection program, the FBI began collecting data from LEAs in Though NIBRS was seen as an improvement over the SRS, as of 2011, only 32 percent of LEAs have changed to the more robust and disaggregated system for reporting crime data. The cost of changing to the NIBRS electronic data submission was, and still is, an expensive transition for LEAs. Additionally and aside from potential costs, some LEA administrators are hesitant because transitioning to NIBRS from the SRS will make it appear to the public that their agency has an unwarranted increase in the level of crime in their jurisdiction. Thus, this document is intended to inform UCR data users about the differences between SRS and NIBRS data formats and reporting capabilities. As such, the apparent increase in crime volume when switching to NIBRS is easily explained due to the elimination of the hierarchy rule in the NIBRS and the relatively low percentage of incidents which involved more than one offense. The hierarchy rule in the SRS requires that LEAs only report the most serious offense occurring in an incident, whereas NIBRS collects up to ten offenses for each incident of crime. The following analysis aims to evaluate the increase in crime volume reported by LEAs when using the NIBRS data specifications, instead of the SRS. Further, a discourse of why this change occurs and why it will not be apparent in LEA crime trends is discussed. In short, when NIBRS data are converted to the SRS for the purpose of trending, the hierarchy rule is reapplied. In spite of reporting more data, agencies do not experience an increase in crime when changing from SRS to NIBRS reporting specifications. To achieve the goal of evaluating the change in crime LEAs may experience, this study simply compares the difference in crime volume and computes the percentage difference in crime volume due to the hierarchy rule. The analysis was conducted at the national level and is used as a reasonable estimate of how changing from an SRS reporting agency to a NIBRS reporting agency affects the amount of crime submitted to the FBI UCR Program. NIBRS data for 2011 was used to determine this effect. LEAs reporting at least one Group A offense occurring in 2011 were represented. History The eight crimes: murder, rape, robbery, aggravated assault, burglary, motor vehicle theft, larceny, and arson are the nation s premier indicator of the nature of crime in the United States. Two human trafficking offenses will be added to the SRS in 2013.
3 NIBRS was created in order to meet the need for a more detailed crime data collection format. Rather than focus on aggregate totals, NIBRS collects information on incidents of crime within an agency. Further, NIBRS was expanded from the eight SRS offenses to 49 Group A offenses where data about victims, offenders, property, and arrests are collected along with elements for each offense. Arrest-only information is also collected for an additional 10 Group B offenses. 1 NIBRS Segments Incident Information o Incident Date o Incident Hour o Exceptional Clearance o Exceptional Clearance Date Offense Information o Offense Codes o Attempted vs. Completed o Offender Suspected Use (of alcohol, drug, or computers) o Location o Type and Number of Premises Entered o Type of Criminal Activity o Weapon/Force Used o Bias Motivation Property Information o Loss Type o Property Description o Value of Property o Date Recovered o Number of Motor Vehicles Stolen/Recovered o Drug Types and Amounts Victim Information o Connection to Offenses o Type of Victim o Age/Sex/Race/Ethnicity/Resident Status of Victim o Assault and Homicide Circumstances o Injury Types o Relationships to Offenders 1 An eleventh Group B offense, runaways, was dropped in 2009 as it is not technically a criminal offense. Runaway offenses are still collected in UCR databases as agencies may still report runaways, but it is not required and is no longer published in UCR data releases.
4 Offender Information o Age/Sex/Race/Ethnicity 2 of Offender Arrestee Information o Arrest Date o Type of Arrest o Arrest Offense Code o Arrestee Weapons o Age/Sex/Race/Ethnicity/Resident Status of Arrestee o Disposition of Minors Group B Arrest Information o Type of Arrest o Arrestee Weapons o Age/Sex/Race/Ethnicity of Arrestee o Disposition of Minors NIBRS Offenses Group A Offenses The following offenses are reported in Group A Incident Reports. There are 23 Group A crime categories made up of 49 offenses (Offense Codes are in parentheses): Arson (200) Assault Offenses Aggravated Assault (13A) Simple Assault (13B) Intimidation (13C) Bribery (510) Burglary/Breaking and Entering (220) Counterfeiting/Forgery (250) Destruction/Damage/Vandalism of Property (290) Drug/Narcotic Offenses Drug/Narcotic Violations (35A) Drug Equipment Violations (35B) Embezzlement (270) Extortion/Blackmail (210) Fraud Offenses False Pretenses/Swindle/Confidence Game (26A) Credit Card/Automated Teller Machine Fraud (26B) Impersonation (26C) Welfare Fraud (26D) Wire Fraud (26E) 2 Ethnicity added beginning in the 2013 data collection.
5 Gambling Offenses Gambling Offenses Betting/Wagering (39A) Operating/Promoting/Assisting Gambling (39B) Gambling Equipment Violations (39C) Sports Tampering (39D) Homicide Offenses Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter (09A) Negligent Manslaughter (09B) Justifiable Homicide (09C) Human Trafficking Human Trafficking, Commercial Sex Acts (64A) 3 Human Trafficking, Involuntary Servitude (64B) 3 Kidnapping/Abduction (100) Larceny/Theft Offenses Pocket-picking (23A) Purse-snatching (23B) Shoplifting (23C) Theft From Building (23D) Theft From Coin-Operated Machine or Device (23E) Theft From Motor Vehicle (23F) Theft of Motor Vehicle Parts or Accessories (23G) All Other Larceny (23H) Motor Vehicle Theft (240) Pornography/Obscene Material (370) Prostitution Offenses Prostitution Offenses (40A) Assisting or Promoting Prostitution (40B) Purchasing Prostitution (40C) 3 Robbery (120) Sex Offenses Rape (11A) Sodomy (11B) Sexual Assault With An Object (11C) Fondling (11D) Sex Offenses, Nonforcible Incest (36A) Statutory Rape (36B) Stolen Property Offenses (Receiving, etc.) (280) Weapon Law Violations (520) 3 These offenses will be added beginning with the 2013 data collection.
6 Group B Offenses The following offenses are reported in Group B Arrest Reports. They include all offenses that are not Group A offenses. Group B offenses are to be reported using the following 10 crime categories: Bad Checks (90A) Curfew/Loitering/Vagrancy Violations (90B) Disorderly Conduct (90C) Driving Under the Influence (90D) Drunkenness (90E) Family Offenses, Nonviolent (90F) Liquor Law Violations (90G) Peeping Tom (90H) Trespass of Real Property (90J) All Other Offenses (90Z) Participation In the first year, 446 law enforcement agencies converted from the SRS and provided 12 months of crime data to the FBI in the new highly-disaggregated NIBRS format. Over twenty years later, more than 5,000 agencies actively participate in the NIBRS data collection (See Table 1 and Figure 1). Table 1: Number of 12-Months Complete NIBRS Agencies by Year Year Agencies Year Agencies , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,022
7 Number of Agencies Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program Figure 1: NIBRS Agencies Reporting 12-months Complete Data by Year The Hierarchy Rule In the SRS, offenses are ranked in terms of severity and only the highest-ranked offense is reported in incidents which have multiple offense types. SRS offenses are reported in the following order: I. Murder and Nonnegligent Manslaughter (abbreviated to Murder) II. Rape 4 III. Robbery IV. Aggravated Assault V. Burglary VI. Larceny VII. Motor Vehicle Theft VIII. Arson (does not follow the hierarchy rule) IX. Human Trafficking, Commercial Sex Acts (does not follow the hierarchy rule) X. Human Trafficking, Involuntary Servitude (does not follow the hierarchy rule) According to the hierarchy rule, murder, human trafficking, and arson are always counted in the SRS, however all six of the other Part I crimes are not always reported in multiple-offense incidents. If, for example, a murder and rape occur within the same incident, only the murder is counted in the SRS. Further, if an aggravated assault occurs in the same incident as a burglary, the burglary is not counted. There are also a few considerations which are true to both NIBRS and the SRS. For example, aggravated assault is always inherent to robbery, so only a robbery is counted when both occur 4 In 2011, the FBI s UCR governance board changed the definition of Rape in the SRS to include male victims, sodomy, and sexual assault with objects. The change was approved by the FBI Director and will be collected starting in NIBRS already collected information for these sex offense categories. The expanded definition of rape was used in this study.
8 in the same incident. 5 Similarly, larceny is not reported with burglary as it is inherent to the crime. 6 NIBRS, however, would capture both the murder and rape, and the assault with burglary in each respective incident. Up to ten offenses of the 49 offenses reported in NIBRS can be listed in an incident s offense segments. Table 2 shows the number of NIBRS offenses that are removed from crime counts when the data are converted to the SRS. As murder is on the top of the hierarchy, there is no reduction in the number of murder offenses when converting from NIBRS to the SRS. However, there were 4 rape victims involved in incidents where murder was also involved. Similarly, for 4,599 NIBRS burglaries, there was a murder, a rape, a robbery, or an aggravated assault which happened in the same incident. The 4 rapes and 4,599 burglaries would not be counted in the UCR SRS data collection due to conditions established by the hierarchy rule. Nationally, there is a minimal percentage increase (less than 0.01%) in crime volume for rape when LEAs move from the SRS to NIBRS. Robbery increased by little more than one-half of one percent (0.5%), aggravated assault increased by 0.6 percent, and burglary increased by 0.8 percent, larceny increased by 3.1 percent, and motor vehicle theft increased by 2.8 percent. Table 2: Percent Increases in Crime Volume by Removing the Hierarchy Rule Incidents Offenses Reduction to Hierarchy Percent Increase Murder 7 3,320 3, Rape 7, 8 27,405 28, Robbery 72,949 72, Aggravated Assault 7 163, ,033-1, Burglary 9 585, ,192-4, Larceny 10 1,688,227 1,688,227-52, Motor Vehicle Theft 163, ,251-4, Totals 2,704,287 2,740,436-63, The exception in NIBRS would be if there were multiple victims in an incident and some were not robbed, but all were victims of aggravated assault. 6 Again, the exception in NIBRS would be if offenders committed larceny offenses outside of a structure after committing burglary offenses within the same incident. 7 The number of offenses differs from the number of incidents for murder, rape, and aggravated assault because these Crimes Against Persons offense categories count one offense for each victim in the incident. Robbery, burglary, and motor vehicle theft are considered Crimes Against Property and count only one offense per incident. 8 See Footnote 4 in The Hierarchy Rule section. 9 The hotel rule and number of premises entered were not considered for burglary offense totals. 10 NIBRS allows for the reporting of eight different types of larceny offenses per offense. Incidents with more than one larceny offense type reported were aggregated to only count one larceny per offense to simulate how this would be reported in the SRS.
9 The concern of many LEA officials is the inclusion of these crimes, particularly property crimes, will appear to the public as an increase in crime when switching from SRS reporting to NIBRS reporting. In reality, the apparent increase is simply due to the difference between how crimes are counted in NIBRS versus the SRS and application of the hierarchy rule. Further, none of the increases amount to a change greater than 3.1 percent. Interpretation Any increases in crime volume due to the ability to report multiple offenses in NIBRS are eliminated when trending. For trends, NIBRS data are converted to SRS data and the hierarchy rule is again applied, which reduces crime counts in multiple-offense incidents to what would have been reported if the agency was only reporting according to SRS specifications. When the FBI UCR Program starts trending NIBRS data, comparisons to pre-nibrs data submissions would not be included in trends. Reporting NIBRS data does not drastically increase crime within jurisdictions, even though there is a slight but visible effect on crime rates. As shown in Table 3, approximately one in ten (9.2%) of NIBRS incidents have multiple offenses, and only 1.4 percent of NIBRS incidents have multiple offenses affected by the hierarchy rule. Table 3: Number of Offenses Per Incident, Offenses Frequency Percent Valid Percent Cumulative Percent 1 4,430, , , , Total 4,926, The elimination of the hierarchy rule has been discussed in UCR governance meetings and during the CJIS Advisory Process (i.e., a process representing law enforcement executives, academic, and data analyst stakeholders in the UCR Program who have biannual meetings to discuss or make recommendations for change in the UCR). Lastly, LEA officials can use this study to demonstrate how changing from SRS reporting to NIBRS reporting might affect their local crime counts. It is anticipated that incident-based data collections will have more robust and accurate crime counts over traditional tally based systems
10 like the SRS. Any reports LEAs generate can show how the elimination of the hierarchy rule has affected the agency s data by trending and comparing data prior to the LEA s conversion to the NIBRS.
U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Services Division Uniform Crime Reporting National Incident-Based Reporting System Volume 1: Data Collection Guidelines
U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Services Division Uniform Crime Reporting National Incident-Based Reporting System Volume 4: Error Message Manual
THE CARD REPORT C R I M E A N A LY S I S, R E S E A R C H & D E V E L O P M E N T U N I T Crime in Schools and Colleges: A Study of Offenders and Arrestees Reported via National Incident-Based Reporting
U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Services Division Uniform Crime Reporting National Incident-Based Reporting System Volume 1: Data Collection Guidelines
Bill Haslam Governor TENNESSEE BUREAU OF INVESTIGATION 901 R.S. Gass Boulevard Nashville, Tennessee 37216-2639 (615) 744-4000 TDD (615) 744-4001 Mark Gwyn Director June 22, 2015 Ladies and Gentlemen: The
Provides Provides U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report Effects of NIBRS July, NCJ 7889 on Crime Statistics By Ramona R. Rantala BJS Statistician
2015 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Main Campus (392354001) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide will determine which screens you will be
Crime in Delaware 2008-2012 An Analysis of Serious Crime in Delaware Thomas F. MacLeish Director Authors: Jim Salt Barbara J. Hicklin This report is supported by the State Justice Statistics Grant Number
2014 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Colorado Springs Campus (439701005) Criminal Offenses - On campus For each of the following criminal offenses, enter the number reported to have occurred
ARKANSAS CRIME INFORMATION CENTER Statistical Analysis Center National Incident-Based Reporting System Replaces Volume 1: Data Collection Guidelines January 2014 U. S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau
213 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Main Campus (1534451) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide will determine which screens you will be asked
U. S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Services Division Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program National
Human Trafficking in the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program This marks the first report from the national UCR Program s Human Trafficking Data Collection. The limited data from the first year of collection
Council on Postsecondary Education Crime Reporting Guidelines Annual Minger Report KRS 164.9485 Grouped by Michael Minger Act Crime Categories under KRS 164.948(3) Note: All FBI UCR definitions were quoted
2014 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Northshore Technical Community College-Sullivan Campus (160667001) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide
2015 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: La Sierra University-Ontario Campus of Criminal Justice (117627003) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide
2014 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Main Campus (161581001) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide will determine which screens you will be
Crime in Missouri MISSOURI STATE HIGHWAY PATROL RESEARCH AND DEVELOPEMENT DIVISION STATISTICAL ANALYSIS CENTER FOREWORD This publication is produced by the Missouri State Highway Patrol, Statistical Analysis
2014 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Hebrew College (166045001) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide will determine which screens you will
Part 2 Processes of Crime Analysis coming into the police agency, but those dispatched to or initiated by officers. Because of the vast information contained in a CAD system, information is often purged
Campus Safety and Security Survey 2015 Criminal Offenses On campus Total occurrences On campus Criminal offense 2012 a. Murder/Non negligent manslaughter 0 0 0 c. Sex offenses Forcible 3 2 2 f. Aggravated
Palm Beach County Criminal Justice Commission Research and Planning Unit CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS January 2012 C:\Users\dkukec\Documents\My Documents 1 Crime Trends Reported and Recorded Crime Other Sources
8 Interpreting Crime Data and Statistics Rachel Boba T he goal of this chapter is to provide knowledge of how to appropriately apply and interpret statistics relevant to crime analysis. This chapter includes
Virginia State Police Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division Newsletter UCR Highlights Crime in Virginia July 2015 Volume 28, Issue 1 Page UCR - Crime in Virginia 1-3 UCR - Group A Offenses
Crime Statistics 3 Sources of Information about Crime: 1-UCR: Uniform Crime Report 2-NCVS: National Crime Victimization Survey 3-SRS: Self-Report Surveys UCR: Crime statistics are collected by branches
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Pat terns & Trends Arrest in the United States, 199-21 Howard N. Snyder, Ph.D., BJS Statistician Highlights The number
Prince William County Police Department 2013 Crime Report A NATIONALLY ACCREDITED LAW ENFORCEMENT AGENCY -Page intentionally left blank- TABLE OF CONTENTS Overview... 2 At a Glance... 3 Part I Crime...
Wisconsin Office of Justice Assistance 1 S. Pinckney Street, Suite 615 Madison, WI 53703 Scott Walker Governor Arrests in Wisconsin 2010 July 2011 Arrests in Wisconsin 2010 i 07/2011 Wisconsin Statistical
2014 Campus Safety and Security Survey Institution: Main Campus (221397001) Screening Questions Please answer these questions carefully. The answers you provide will determine which screens you will be
VIRGINIA STATE POLICE UNIFORM CRIME REPORTING INCIDENT-BASED PROCEDURE GUIDE MANUAL The Department of State Police Criminal Justice Information Services Division P.O. Box 27472 Richmond, Virginia 23261-7472
2011 CRIME IN ARIZONA REPORT CRIME IN ARIZONA 2011 An annual report compiled by Access Integrity Unit of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Robert C. Halliday Director Arizona Department of Public
Question 1: What is the difference between the Part I and Part II offenses in Uniform Crime Reports (UCR)? Answer 1: Uniform crime reports (UCR) divide offenses into two categories: Part I offenses and
2012 CRIME IN ARIZONA REPORT CRIME IN ARIZONA 2012 An annual report compiled by the Access Integrity Unit of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Robert C. Halliday Director Arizona Department of Public
New York State Uniform Crime Reporting A Supplement to the FBI Uniform Crime Reporting Handbook STATE OF NEW YORK Division of Criminal Justice Services Office of Justice Research and Performance Content
2013 CRIME IN ARIZONA REPORT CRIME IN ARIZONA 2013 An annual report compiled by the Access Integrity Unit of the Arizona Department of Public Safety Robert C. Halliday Director Arizona Department of Public
Palm Beach County Criminal Justice Commission Research and Planning Unit Annual Planning Meeting March 25, 2013 CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS G:\DATA\Research & Planning\APM\APM 2013 Data assembled and maintained
CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS Presented at the Criminal Justice Estimating Conference Held July 28, 2015 (Web Site: http://edr.state.fl.us) Table of Contents Criminal Justice Trends i Accuracy of the February
Crime in Montana 2004-2005 REPORT MBCC MONTANA BOARD OF CRIME CONTROL Crime in Montana 2004-2005 Report Published by the Montana Board of Crime Control Statistical Analysis Center William Mercer, Chair
U. S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Services Division Criminal Justice Information Services (CJIS) Division Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) Program Summary
Crime Statistics Criminal Offenses, Dalton State College: Main Campus- 65 College Drive Dalton, GA 372 Type of Offense On-Campus Residential Housing Non-campus Public Property Criminal Homicide Murder/Non-negligent
Taking a Bite Out of Crime: 46 Years of Utah Crime Statistics August 15, 2008 The 2008 Utah Priorities Survey revealed Crime & Security to be the sixth-highest issue of concern for Utah residents. Specifically,
2011 CRIME IN TEXAS TEXAS CRIME ANALYSIS 2 CRIME MEASUREMENTS Crime affects every Texan in some fashion. To gain a measurement of crime trends, Texas participates in the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program.
Date of report: Name of campus security authority: Date that incident occurred (mm/dd/yyyy): If multiple incidents were reported or if the date the incident occurred is unknown, please note below: Reporting
Executive Office of the President Office of National Drug Control Policy ONDCP March 2000 Drug Policy Information Clearinghouse FACT SHEET John P. Walters, Director www.whitehousedrugpolicy.gov 1-800-666-3332
UC POLICE DEPARTMENT REPORTS DASHBOARD UC SYSTEMWIDE Annual 1. UC System Wide FBI Part I Crime Offenses 2 2. UC System Wide FBI Part II Crime Offenses 3 3. UC System Wide Arrests - FBI Crime Offenses 4
Crime Statistics The Clery Act requires colleges and universities to publicly publish three years of campus crime statistics. Daytona State College crime statistics have been disclosed in compliance with
CRIMINAL JUSTICE TRENDS Presented at the Criminal Justice Estimating Conference Held February 27, 2015 (Web Site: http://edr.state.fl.us) Table of Contents Criminal Justice Trends i Accuracy of the November
668.46 Institutional security policies and crime statistics. (a) Additional definitions that apply to this section. Business day: Monday through Friday, excluding any day when the institution is closed.
Crime in Illinois 2012 Introduction INTRODUCTION 1 Crime in Illinois 2012 The Illinois Uniform Crime Reporting Program Introduction The Illinois Uniform Crime Reporting (I-UCR) Program was developed in
CAMPUS SECURITY INFORMATION ANNUAL CAMPUS SECURITY REPORT-TULSA The following statistics are provided as part of the requirement under the Student Right- To Know and Campus Security Act, Public Law 101-542,
Austin Police Department Annual Crime and Traffic Report: 213 Preliminary Report Prepared by the Austin Police Department Chief of Police, Art Acevedo Research and Planning Unit April 1, 214 Background
U.S. Department of Justice Federal Bureau of Investigation Criminal Justice Information Services Division Summary Reporting System National Incident-Based Reporting System Hate Crime Data Collection Guidelines
WALDO COUNTY Justice Data USM Muskie School of Public Service Maine Statistical Analysis Center Waldo County Facts Waldo County, incorporated in 1827, is in mid coast Maine along Penobscot Bay. The county
Jeanne Clery Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics Act This Act requires our school to collect and publish information about certain crimes committed on or near campus. For purposes
Frequently Asked Questions about the Change in the UCR Definition of Rape December 11, 2014 The FBI has implemented an important change in the definition of rape that is used in the collection of national
APPENDIX A Quick Reference Chart for Determining Key Immigration Consequences of Common New York s For information on the applicability of these consequences to a specific noncitizen, see Chapter 3. For
APPENDIX - HINTS Form 1 Begin Coding Cases - Coder Information (Field (Form) Title) Begin Entering Data (Table (Excel) Title) There are no hints on this form. Form 2 Identification Variables (Field (Form)
Riverside Community College District Policy No. 3515 General Institution BP 3515 REPORTING OF CRIMES Reference: Education Code Section 67380 34 Code of Federal Regulations Section 668.46(b)(7) The Chancellor
SAFETY TIPS AND CRIME PREVENTION INFORMATION Always plan the safest route to your destination. LOCK YOUR DOORS! Many burglaries and thefts take place because of unlocked residence hall or apartment doors.
ITT Technical Institute, Orlando, Florida Safety and Security Policies with Crime Statistics Report CRIME STATISTICS In each of the specified calendar years, the following number of crimes were reported
Oregon Uniform Crime Reporting Oregon State Police Criminal Justice Information Services Michael Hawkins UCR/LEDS Program Manager Why Do We Report Crime Statistics ORS 181.550 mandates that all law enforcement
PROHIBITIVE OFFENSE PROCEDURE FOR SCHOOL OF HEALTHCARE SCIENCE PROGRAMS AT LEHIGH CARBON COMMUNITY COLLEGE I. Purpose Outline the steps to be taken in all cases of criminal findings. It is LCCC s position,
State of Arkansas Mike Huckabee Governor Arkansas Crime Information Center Crime in Arkansas A publication of the Statistical Analysis Center Special Services Division Arkansas Crime Information Center
Creative Images is committed to providing a safe and secure environment for its artists, staff, clients, and visitors on college property and complying with the provisions of the Jeanne Clery Disclosure
PROHIBITIVE OFFENSE PROCEDURE FOR ADN AND PN NURSING PROGRAMS AT LEHIGH CARBON COMMUNITY COLLEGE I. Purpose Outline the steps to be taken in all cases of criminal findings. In order to protect the safety
CRIMINAL LAW STUDY GUIDE Instructor: Dr. Michael Reichard CHAPTER 8 Jurisdiction: Power of a court to decide a case Subject Matter Jurisdiction: The authority of a court to hear a type of case Original
CRIMINAL LAW FINAL EXAM STUDY GUIDE Instructor: Dr. Michael Reichard CHAPTER 9 Incitement to Riot Rioting Affray Misdemeanor Public Fighting Disorderly Conduct Misdemeanor Disrupting/Endangering Behavior
Office of Attorney General Bureau of Criminal Investigation Crime in North Dakota, 0 A Summary of Uniform Crime Report Data Wayne Stenehjem Attorney General Prepared by Colleen Weltz UCR Program Manager
Kansas Incident Based Reporting System Handbook Sixth Edition Kansas Bureau of Investigation Incident Based Reporting Section 1620 SW Tyler Topeka, KS 66612-1837 785-296-8279 January 2012 2012 KIBRS Handbook-Sixth
Chapter 3 SECTION OPENER / CLOSER: INSERT BOOK COVER ART Section 3.1 Chapter 3 What Criminal Is a Crime? Law Section 3.1 Section 3.2 Particular Crimes Why It s Important Learning the essence of criminal
U.S. Department of Justice Office of Justice Programs Bureau of Justice Statistics Special Report April 2014 ncj 244205 Recidivism of Prisoners Released in 30 States in 2005: Patterns from 2005 to 2010
Ministry of Justice Police Services Division Crime Statistics in British Columbia, 2013 Table of Contents Highlights... 1 Table 1: Police-Reported Criminal Code and Drug Offences in BC... 2 Table 2: Crime
Campus security authority cite 34 CFR 668.46(a) The Clery Act regulation Campus Security Authority is a Clery-specific term that encompasses four groups of individuals and organizations associated with
Crime in Tarrant County 213 Annual Report The UCR Program In an effort to quantify the number of crimes committed in Tarrant County (reported by 38 law enforcement agencies), the Uniform Crime Reporting
Federico Beauty Institute Campus Safety and Security Handbook I. Campus Geography Federico Beauty Institute is located & controls 1515 Sports Drive, Sacramento, CA 95834. This is The School s only location.
Campus security Report Updated as of January 2014 The school s campus security report; CRIME STATISTICS In accordance with the Jeanne Cleary Disclosure of Campus Security Policy and Campus Crime Statistics
Research and Policy Analysis Division Crime Policy Brief Series Violent Crime in Massachusetts By Asheley Van Ness, Senior Policy Analyst and Sarah Lawrence, Director, Research and Policy Analysis Division
A Compilation of Court Filings and Police Reported Incidents: 2005 2010 Idaho Statistical Analysis Center May 2011 Domestic Violence in Idaho A Compilation of Court Filings and Police Reported Incidents:
District School Board of Collier County Criminal Background Screening, Guidelines & Procedures I. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this document is to provide appropriate guidelines and procedures for determining
CRIME IN MARYLAND 2013 UNIFORM CRIME REPORT GOVERNOR MARTIN O MALLEY LT. GOVERNOR ANTHONY G. BROWN COLONEL MARCUS L. BROWN, SUPERINTENDENT MARYLAND STATE POLICE CENTRAL RECORDS DIVISION IDA J. WILLIAMS,
High-visibility enforcement is vital to the Drunk Driving. Over the Limit. Under Arrest. mobilization. Studies show that the majority of Americans consider impaired driving one of our nation s most important
DELAWARE COUNTY TREATMENT COURT APPLICATION Please read each question carefully before answering. Failure to complete this form accurately will delay the processing of your application. False or misleading
MAINE CRIME & JUSTICE DATA BOOK 2014 Maine Statistical Analysis Center http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/justiceresearch About the Muskie School of Public Service The Muskie School of Public Service educates
1"999 CRIME IN TEXAS CRIME MEASUREMENTS Crime affects every Texan in some fashion. To gain a measurement of crime trends, Texas participates in the Uniform Crime Reporting (UCR) program. UCR makes possible
42848_CH03_0060_0083.qxp 10/12/07 3:42 PM Page 60 Jones and Bartlett Publishers. NOT FOR SALE OR DISTRIBUTION O BJ ECT I VES Understand the strengths and weaknesses of the Uniform Crime Reports (UCR) and