1 Aug :23:47 Research projects ( of 29735) Physiological, morphological and biomechanical requirelents of the musculo-skeletal system of the lower leg for top sprinters and endurance runners Abstract: Speed and stamina put competing demands on the design of our locomotor system and several traits of the lower leg are antaginistic pairs with respect to sprinting vs endurance running. This project aims to investigate the physiological and functional anatomical characteristics of the lower leg musculo-ckeletal system that promote excellence in either sprinting or endurance running. Departement of Movement and Sports Sciences Peter Aerts Dirk De Clercq Wim Derave Molecular analyses of a newly developed in vivo Candida albicans biofilm model system in order to identify genes important under these conditions. Abstract: Candida albicans is an important human fungal pathogen causing mucosal as well as deep tissue infections. It is present as a commensal in most humans but in most cases, disease only occurs when the immune system of the host is affected. In hospitals, the majority of infections caused bythis pathogen are associated with the formation of biofilms. This is a structured community of cells forming a thick layer embedded in an extracellular matrix, seemingly protecting the underlying cells from harsh environmental conditions, such as our immune system or antifungals. Many research groups worldwide are using in vitro models to study the different phases that occur during biofilm development and based on these studies many genes have been identified that play a role in this development. However, from the few in vivo biofilm studies that have been performed, it is clear that both the morphology as well as the expression pattern are quite different compared to the in vitro biofilms. We have rece Molecular Microbiology and Biotechnology Patrick Van Dijck Uwe Himmelreich Work-life policy implementation and work-to-life conflict as mediatorsof the relationship between organizational work-life policies and individual work outcomes: A mixed-method study in large Belgian firms. Universiteit Hasselt Abstract: The main goal of the project is to gain a more accurate understanding of the process through which organizational work-life policies affect individual work outcomes such as job satisfaction, commitment and motivation. Specifically, we propose to investigate work-life policy implementation and work-to-life conflict as two variables mediating the effect of policies on individual work outcomes. The study is based on a multiplecase, mixed-method research approach. Qualitative and quantitative data is collected in four large Belgian organizations with formal work-life policies. The study expands the current literature on work-life balance in three main ways. First, a multi-level theoretical model is developed and tested which explains the relationship between organizational work-life policies and individual work outcomes through the mediating variables work-life policy implementation and work-to-life conflict. Second, we explore contextual determinants of work-life policy implementation by drawing on insights from the employment relations literature. Specifically, we include flexibility demands at the (sub-)organizational level in our model and explore their relation to policy implementation. Third, we integrate quantitative and qualitative methodologies to enhance the explanatory potential of our study. Qualitative multiple case studies are suitable to investigate processes and generate new theory while quantitative approaches allow testing the explanatory power of such theory. Diversity Identity, Diversity & Inequality Research Patrizia ZANONI Nanobody-Loaded and -Coated Microbubbles: A Tool For Drug Delivery and Molecular Imaging Abstract: Nanobody-Loaded and -Coated Microbubbles: A Tool For Drug Delivery and Molecular Imaging Medical Imaging and Physical Sciences Tony LAHOUTTE Sophie HERNOT The role of astrocytic beta-2 adrenergic receptors in pathophsyiological mechanisms relevant for multiple sclerosis Abstract: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a chronic debilitating disease of the central nervous system mainly affecting young and active individuals. The impact of this disease on a personal as well as socio-economic level is dramatic. The etiology of the disease remains largely elusive, and current treatments have a rather modest effect on the disease course. Our research is based on a hypothesis that dysfunctional astrocytes play an important role in the pathogenesis of MS. In preceding work we showed that astrocytes in MS are deficient in beta2-adrenergic receptors. We are gathering more and more data supporting our hypothesis that a deficiency of these receptors may play an important role in the pathology of MS. Activation of beta2-adrenergic receptors appears to suppress inflammation and regulate components of astrocyte energy metabolism and blood perfusion. Information is mostly obtained from in vitro studies. The aim of this project is to investigate the pathogenetic effects of astrocytic beta2- adrenergic receptor deficiency in vivo, at the level of both inflammatory demyelination and axonal degeneration. We are now in a unique position to study the situation as it occurs in MS because we have generated, for the first time, an astrocyte selective beta2-adrenergic receptor knockout mouse.
2 Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Drug Analysis and Drug Information Gerontology Ralph CLINCKERS JACQUES DE KEYSER Relation between residual beta cell function and glycemic variability in (pre)type 1 diabetes. Abstract: The established clinical network and the developed dynamic function tests and biological markers provide us with the unique opportunity to identify sufficiently large groups of high-risk first-degree relatives (> 50% risk of diabetes) of a proband with type 1 diabetes and of recent-onset type 1 diabetic patients with the overall aim to investigate the correlation between functional beta cell mass and glycemic variability in relation to metabolic outcome in order to determine thresholds of residual function below which: - glucose tolerance starts to decline sharply in relatives - the risk of deteriorating metabolic control and (severe) hypoglycemic events strongly increases in patients Laboratory Experimental Medicine and Pediatrics (LEMP) Christophe De Block CHAMELEON: domain-specific hyperspectral imaging systems for relevant industrial applications. Abstract: The goal of CHAMELEON is to design the next generation vision system that exploits the benefits of spectral information. The mission and novelty of CHAMELEON is: To enable and demonstrate flexible, but domain-specific hyperspectral imaging systems for relevant industrial applications. More specifically, Chameleon will promote direct usage of hyperspectral imaging by the industry by providing flexibility in terms of: System exploration and simulation tools Novel camera architectures, including parameterizable templates Novel hyperspectral image processing methods and techniques Mapping, data handling and interpretation strategies for real-time operation Novel measurement strategies Vision lab Paul Scheunders Private international law: the border between european and national rules Abstract: The purpose of this project is to continue my research on the exact delimitation between European and national rules of private international law (PIL). This was the topic of my PhD thesis (2005). Since that time, questions concerning the relation between European and national rules have remained pertinent, even increasingly so. In the first place I would like to collect Belgian case law in which EU legislation on private international law is applied, and assemble this in a database. In the first phase it would be preferable to keep the database internal, and it can be made public at a later stage. In 2003 the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven had set up a website to make public Belgian case law in which European PIL rules were applied. At that time I was working as a teaching and research assistant at that University. The current Institute of Private International Law has however decided to no longer maintain the database, and to terminate the registration of the domain name. They are prepared to transfer the domain name to me. It seems desirable at this stage to update and expand the database. Belgium has no allencompassing central database containing (published and unpublished) case law, while other countries do have such an instrument. The setting up of a database containing PIL case law will be useful for practicing lawyers and for academic researchers in Belgium and abroad. The addition of English summaries will make the case law accessible to a larger public. The database will then be able to contribute to the uniform interpretation of the European legal instruments: the process of making PIL rules uniform in the EU is undeniably linked to the correct and uniform application of those rules in practice (eg by courts). For the collection of the case law and the input in the database, it is necessary to call upon the assistance of job students. Besides the database, I would like to attend to a conference on PIL in April 2011 (and possibly also other conferences) and to buy books relevant for my research. Personal Rights and Property Rights Law Enforcement Thalia Kruger (Meta)genoomanalysen van functionele starterculturen voor een technologische valorisatie in de voedingsindustrie. Abstract: Functionele starterculturen van voedingsfermentatieprocessen zijn starterculturen die vaak uitgebreide metabole capaciteiten bezitten om competitief te zijn in een levensmiddelenmatrix en om aromavorming in en voedselveiligheid van de eindproducten te kunnen garanderen bovenop bijvoorbeeld de productie van melkzuur, waardoor ze in contrast staan met industriële bulkstarterculturen die vaak slecht aangepast zijn aan een specifieke levensmiddelenomgeving, beperkte flexibiliteit vertonen en bijna uitsluitend verzuring beogen. Doorgaans wordt een geschikte functionele startercultuur geselecteerd op basis van voornamelijk fenotypische kenmerken, gesteund op gegevens afkomstig van metabolietanalysen, kinetiekstudies en modellering. Dit is echter geen garantie op een succesvolle selectieprocedure, vermits micro-organismen hun metabolisme kunnen aanpassen om te overleven in bepaalde niche-omstandigheden of onder bepaalde stress-situaties, althans wanneer zij daarvoor het genetisch potentieel bezitten. Bovendien kunnen micro-organismen zoals melkzuurbacteriën negatieve eigenschappen bezitten, zoals antibioticumresisteniegenen, virulentiegenen en genen die coderen voor de productie van ongewenste verbindingen zoals biogene amines. Met deze eigenschappen werd tot voor kort weinig of geen rekening gehouden, maar zij dienen niettemin best grondig genetisch gekarakteriseerd te worden. Het bepalen van de genoomsequentie van functionele starterculturen vormt bijgevolg de ultieme methodologie om het genetisch en derhalve fenotypisch potentieel van een microbiële stam volledig te karakteriseren. Teneinde geschikte microbiële stammen aan te duiden die als functionele starterculturen fermentatieprocessen kunnen controleren, is het noodzakelijk om de soortdiversiteit en de soortdynamica van micro-organismen aanwezig in artisanele levensmiddelenfermentaties grondig te karakteriseren, om vervolgens verbanden te kunnen leggen met de gevormde metabolieten en derhalve de karakteristieken van het gefermenteerde eindproduct. De huidige methoden kunnen echter geen volledig overzicht van de soortdiversiteit en het metaboloom genereren, zodat een globaal overzicht van de populatiedynamica en metabool potentieel van de microbiota betrokken bij levensmiddelenfermentaties uitblijft. Het bepalen van het metagenoom van een staal afkomstig van een bepaalde levensmiddelenfermentatie zal evenwel een uniek inzicht kunnen geven in zowel de soortdiversiteit als het metabool potentieel van de betrokken micro-organismen.
3 Department of Bio-engineering Sciences Luc DE VUYST Internal verbal monitoring: speech perception or forward models? Abstract: In a series of experiments we investigate whether errordetection during speechproduction takes place trough speechperception systems or if errordetection allready takes place during speech prodcution processes. To find out which of these two theories is most compatible with error detection processing we inverstigate several groups (students, lesion patients, parkinson patients) witht he use of differen techniques (behavioral, eye-tracking, fmri, TMS, tdcs). Departement of Experimental psychology Robert Hartsuiker Quantitative three-dimensional structure determination using transmission electron microscopy : from images toward precise three-dimensional structures of nanomaterials at atomic scale. Abstract: This project aims at the development of new measurement techniques using transmission electron microscopy in order to realize a breakthrough towards quantitative three-dimensional structure determination of nanomaterials at atomic scale. Electron microscopy for materials research (EMAT) Jan Sijbers Sandra Van Aert Molecular mechanism and function of modulatory subunits of Kv channels. Abstract: The overall goal of this project is to obtain novel insights in the molecular aspects of the association and interaction of KvS and KCNE subunits with the Kv2 and KCNQ1 subunits, respectively, using several complementary techniques to study protein-protein interaction, subcellular distribution and biophysical channel properties. Furthermore, we aim to determine the physiological role of Kv2/KvS heterotetrameric channels, using a transgenic model system (targeted deletion of Kv6.4). Molecular biophysics, physiology and pharmacology Alain J F E Labro Dirk Snyders Prospective Intervention Study on the implementation of the GP sentry in Merksem, ZNA Palfijn. Abstract: This research focusses on the implematation of an ouit of hours service in the fysical neighborhoud of a general hospital in Northern Antwerp. Data will be collected before its implementation to study future change of patient fluxes. Primary and interdisciplinary care Antwerp (ELIZA) Hilde Philips Roy Remmen A search for new parameters to predict fetal renal function. Abstract: No English Abstract Organ Systems Luc De Catte Elena Levtchenko An Hindryckx Molecular phenotyping and in vivo assessment of mirna perturbation in neuroblastoma Abstract: MicroRNAs (mirnas) are a recently discovered class of biomolecules. Their involvement in the development of neuroblastoma, a childhood cancer of the sympathetic nervous system, is already well established. In this project we will try to elucidate the function of each individual mirna in the genome using an innovative approach. Departement of Pediatrics and medical genetics Jo Vandesompele The role of PHF6 in normal T-cell development and T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia Abstract: T-ALL results from the malignant transformation of thymocytes and mainly affects children. Recently, PHF6 was identified as a novel tumor suppressor gene in T-ALL at the Center of Medical Genetics Ghent. The aim of this project is to investigate the role of PHF6 in the development of normal T-cells and T-ALL and to unravel transcriptional networks regulated by PHF6 Departement of Pediatrics and medical genetics Franki Speleman Additional analysis based on the ICCS data set.
4 Abstract: This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand the Flemish Public Service. UA provides the Flemish Public Service research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract. Schools & Policy (SeP) Dimokritos Kavadias Curatorship of an exhibition L.P. Boon in the House of Literature. Abstract: This project represents a formal service agreement between UA and on the other hand Musea en Erfgoed Antwerpen. UA provides Musea en Erfgoed Antwerpen research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract. Institute for the Study of Literature in the Low Countries (ISLN) Kristiaan Humbeeck Integration of environmental factors in the Electronic Health Record (HER) of the family doctor Abstract: The project contains two parts: Part 1. Literature search and coherent overview of the environmental factors with sufficient clinical relevance for the family doctor, with the aim to educate primary care physicians in this particular health issue and to offer a scientific framework to integrate environmental factors in the individual Electronic Health Record (HER). In part 2 a theoretical framework is developed to integrate clinical relevant environmental factors into the EHR for diagnosis, treatment and follow-up of an individual patient. Department of General practice and primary health care Dirk Avonts Study on disqualifications as a sanctioning measure in the national systems of the Member States (Project for the European Commission). Abstract: The study is twofold: firstly, an overview is provided on the current regime regarding disqualifications in the EU Member States, both on a National (definition, consequences, modalities regarding imposing and executing etc.) and crossborder (cooperation between the Member States, etc.) level, based on an in-depth study and questionnaire. Secondly, the data will be analysed and used to formulate propositions for the future policy legislative initiatives by the EU (European Commission). Departement of Penal law and criminology Gert Vermeulen Collection and assessment of data relevant for non-dietary cumulative exposure to pesticides and proposal for conceptual approaches for non-dietary cumulative exposure assessment Abstract: To establish a database of information and data relevant for the non-dietary exposure of operators and workers to plant protection products (PPPs). The database will contain existing data reviewed by the consortium in addition to new data collected as part of a pilot survey. Outputs from the database will be provided to EFSA in the development of a methodology assessing the risk of combined toxicity resulting from the cumulative non-dietary exposure of operators and workers to multiple active substances used for crop protection. Departement of Crop protection Pieter Spanoghe Interne overdrachten UZ Brussel Abstract: Internal transfers UZ Brussels Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Drug Analysis and Drug Information YVETTE MICHOTTE Green infrastructure implementation and efficiency. Abstract: This project represents a formal research agreement between UA and on the other hand a private institution. UA provides the private institution research results mentioned in the title of the project under the conditions as stipulated in this contract. Ecosystem Management Patrick Meire Rudy van Diggelen Study telework: study regarding the impact on environment, mobility and socio-economy of teleworking in big companies in the BHG Abstract: Study telework: study regarding the impact on environment, mobility and socio-economy of teleworking in big companies in the BHG Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Mobility and automotive technology research group
5 Tom VAN LIER CATHY MACHARIS Research assignment: scientific evaluation archeologic site Lelle (Berg, Flemish Brabant Abstract: No ENG abstract Art Sciences and Archaeology Dries TYS (Milieu)potentieel van elektrisch rijden in Vlaanderen. Abstract: The research goal of this project was the assessment of the market and environmental potential of electric vehicles in Flanders. This was done for 4 time horizons: 2012 (today), 2020 (short term), 2030 (medium term) and 2050 (long term). This research gave insight into the driving factors during vehicle purchase decisions and concluded with practical governmental recommendations for the implementation of (plug-in) electric vehicles in Flanders. Mathematics, Operational Research, Statistics and Information Systems for Management Electrical Engineering and Power Electronics Mobility and automotive technology research group Maarten MESSAGIE Kenneth LEBEAU CATHY MACHARIS JOERI VAN MIERLO CIM? Cochlear Implant Music: Bringing music back into the life of cochlear implant users and fostering their rehabilitation and social integration though musical interaction Abstract: In this project, we develop and test a music instrument for people with a Cochlear Implant (CI) enabling them to create and enjoy music. We will also provide the opportunity to do this together with other CI users and/or other normal hearing people. The instrument will be controlled through gestures, and it will access the electrodes of the Cochlear Implant directly (without using audio). Departement of Art, music and theatre sciences Marc Leman Modelling and pre-distortion of RF power amplifiers Abstract: The radio frequency (RF) power amplifier (PA), an essential part a wireless transmitter, should ideally convert all supplied DC power to RF power while doing this without introducing distortions to the signal. Unfortunately, the PAs used today have low power efficiency, which translates into power wasted as heat, and they introduce linear and nonlinear distortions to the signal. It is possible enhance the linearity, but at the cost of decreased power efficiency, and vice versa. This thesis is motivated by this undesired behavior of the RF PAs. To correct for the sources of undesired behavior, models are needed to describe the behavior. Before a model can be used, the performance must be evaluated to and out whether the model is appropriate or not. Finally, methods to correct for the undesired behavior should be presented. In this thesis, peak-reduction techniques and model based digital predistortion techniques are studied. The thesis starts by introducing and comparing performance evaluation criteria for modeling of RF PAs. These criteria are then used to compare the performance of behavioral models for the reminder of the thesis. PA behavioral models, ranging from early models such as the Saleh model of traveling wave tube (TWT) PAs to newer neural network and Volterra models, have most commonly been proposed in an ad hoc manner. The models have been motivated by extensive measurements on PAs in multiple labs. This is especially true for the particular subset of Volterra models named memory polynomials. However, the lack of theoretical justification for the use of the se behavioral models is clearly a problem. The second part of this thesis addresses this by deriving the memory polynomials starting from a physically motivated feedback model. The derived models includes the popular parallel Hammerstein model and two novel model structures. Merely being able to predict the behavior of a PA is not sufficient when putting it in a system. Methods for correcting the undesired behavior must be implemented as well. This thesis investigates methods for being able to operate the PA at higher output powers through joint signal optimization and predistortion. A problem that arises with many of the predistortion methods is that of instability during the parameter updates, i.e. the predistorter attempts to expand the signal more after each update of the parameters. Two methods to counter this behavior are proposed. The last part deals with modeling and predistortion of a particular kind of PA: class-d outphasing PA. Novel behavioral model structures based on physical knowledge of the outphasing amplifier are presented. A predistorter using constant amplitude signals is then identified. Results in the form of reduction of out-of-band emissions and improvement in modulation quality are shown for two types of modern communication signals, EDGE and WCDMA. Electricity Wendy VAN MOER Organisation and coordination of a network on the co-ordination of social security schemes within the European Union - Lot 1: Expertise in social security coordination Abstract: The project is a network of experts who conduct research into the problems regarding social security for migrants, in particular as drawn up in the European Regulations on social security (883/2004 and 987/2009). The research is done by means of national reports which provide an insight into the application problems, as well as by means of a number of analytical reports which investigate certain topics more closely and which formulate proposals for amendments to European legislation.
6 Departement of Penal law and criminology Yves Jorens Organisation and coordination of a Network on the European Co-ordination of social security schemes within the European Union. Abstract: Organisation and coordination of a Network on the European Co-ordination of social security schemes within the European Union (Project Nos. VC/2010/ Lot 1: Expertise in Social Security Coordination and VC/2010/ Lot 2: Information and training) Herman Deleeck Centre for Social Policy Bea Cantillon Organisation and coordination of a network on the co-ordination of social security schemes within the European Union - Lot 2: Information and training Abstract: The project is a network of experts who conduct research into the problems regarding social security for migrants, in particular as drawn up in the European Regulations on social security (883/2004 and 987/2009). This project?s objective is to provide broad information about the European framework and about the problems regarding social security for migrants for an expert audience, consisting of the social security institutions with the different social actors involved, as well as to spread information among a wider audience. This is done by establishing a website and providing training. Departement of Penal law and criminology Yves Jorens Giften Abstract: No English abstract Human Physiology and Special Physiology of Physical Education JO NIJS Dietary therapy for kidney patients (dogs) Abstract: Chronische nierinsufficiëntie is een belangrijke aandoening bij oude honden. Naast medicatie is een dieetwijziging belangrijk om de progressie van deze aandoening af te remmen. In de huidige studie zal het effect van een typisch nierdieet worden nagegaan bij patiënten met chronische nierinsufficiëntie. Departement of Animal nutrition, genetics, breeding and ethology Myriam Hesta Sponsorship for vehicle to participate in Shell Eco-Marathon Abstract: Development of ecological vehicle for Shell Eco-Marathon Applied Mechanics STEVE VANLANDUIT Onderaannemingsovereenkomst: ikv onderzoeksopdracht : 'Een stedelijk fiscaal instrumentarium' voor het Agentschap voor Binnenlands Bestuur. Abstract: The research institute 'VUB' and the 'Agentschap voor Binnenlands Bestuur via Hogeschool Gent (dept. Handelswetenschappen en Bestuurkunde)' have entered into a service-agreement concerning the project' Onderaannemingsovereenkomst: ikv onderzoeksopdracht : 'Een stedelijk fiscaal instrumentarium' voor het Agentschap voor Binnenlands Bestuur.'. The research results can be transferred to the company, there can be a reasonable return in case of commercialisation or there is another kind of agreement on intellectual property, as outlined in the concluded agreement. Applied economics BRUNO HEYNDELS Begeleiding participatietraject Mobiliteitsplan Vlaanderen. Abstract: no abstract available Tempus Omnia Revelat Sociology IGNACE GLORIEUX Sven SANCTOBIN Jessie VANDEWEYER
7 Distributed Signal Processing Algorithms for Acoustic Sensor Networks Abstract: No English Abstract ESAT - STADIUS, Stadius Centre for Dynam Marc Moonen Alexander Bertrand Joseph Szurley Een stedelijk fiscaal instrumentarium University College Ghent Abstract: Abstract not yet available Faculty of Business Administration and Public Administration Department of Administration and Management Department of Economy Junior Burssens Active Sensing for Object Localisation using Embedded Robot Sensors Abstract: CONTEXTIn the framework of maintenance and dismantling robot tele-operations in harsh environments such as nuclear installations, mines and depth-sea scenarios, an accurate 3D model of the robots work scene is required. In particular, a polyhedral mesh of the environment is used by a graphic supervision system to run anti-collision algorithms, and a Computer-Aided Design (CAD) representation provides extra information to the human operator through virtual-camera points of view. Moreover, the model can be used by a Physics Engine to simulate contact interactions between the robot and the objects in the virtual scene. After robot deployment, the virtual model has to be matched with the real environment. The aforementioned intervention scenarios typically present narrow operating spaces and poor vision conditions (for example, see Figure 1) due to the presence of physical obstructions to the camera view or blurry signals due to not-transparent media. Therefore, camera-based systems are n Production Engineering, Machine Design a Herman Bruyninckx N. N. BIOSERF: Sustainability of tropical forest biodiversity and services under climate and human pressure Abstract: The general objectives of the BIOSERF proposal are to explore the evolution of the social-ecological system, with a focus on Ecosystem services and assess their sustainability in an area of evergreen tropical forest area under increasing human pressure in DRC. The project aims to study the physical and biological processes that govern the natural regeneration of the forest ecosystem; identify and evaluate some key ecosystem services under the present socio-economic context and explore with the use of a coupled DVM-ABM model, possible future scenarios. The project will focus on the lowest latitude zone of the Congo Basin, on the WWF Lake Tele? Lake Tumba Landscape, the largest area of swamp and flooded forest in Africa. Departement of Plant production Patrick Van Damme Congo basin: from carbon to fishes (COBAFISH). Abstract: The COBAFISH project will address the following four key questions: 1) How diverse are fish communities in two sub-catchments of the Congo River (Lubilu and Lomami) in terms of biodiversity and functional/trophic diversity? 2) Which factors can be identified in regulating this diversity? In order to detect underlying mechanisms, we will provide comprehensive measurements of possible regulating factors, including aquatic primaryproducer abundance, diversity and production, physico-chemical conditions, nutrient status (linked to aquatic productivity), and organic matteravailability and origin. These data will not only be used to support the work on higher trophic levels, but will also be analyzed in the context of furthering our understanding on carbon and nutrient cycling in the Congo basin. 3) To which extent do fish communities in these river systems depend on autochtonous (aquatic) primary production or on lateral allochtonous (terrestrial) production? Stable isotope analyses of repr Division of Soil and Water Management Steven Bouillon East African Great Lake Ecosystem Sensitivity to changes (EAGLES). Abstract: Lake Kivu, a large African rift lake, has undergone recent changes induces by alien species introduction and possibly climate change, which have affected the lake's biodiversity, productivity and ecosystem resources. The general objective of the EAGLES project is to understand, monitor and forecast how this ecosystem responds to human-induced changes, in order to predict the effects of ongoing and planned exploitation of its resources under different scenarios of climate change. These resources arediverse and are crucial for local and national economies: fisheries, hydroelectric power plants, and industrial CH4 exploitation (to be implemented within the time frame of the proposal). To achieve these goals, theeagles project will adopt an integrated approach within an interdisciplinary network of research teams, combining data mining, remote sensing, moorings, field and laboratory experiments, the use of proxies and numerical modeling, covering surface waters to sediments, and spanning t Division of Geography Nicole Van Lipzig Steven Bouillon Polystress: the role of ploidisation in (a)biotic stress resistance in horticultural crops
8 Abstract: In both agricultural and horticultural crops the use of polyploids is mainly found in increased production (agronomic crops) or modification of interesting morphological traits (ornamental crops). This project aims to invest if the natural defense mechanism of clonal propagated horticultural plants can be increased by polyploidisation. As model plants apple and rose (Rosaceae family) are used. Departement of Plant production Marie-Christine Van Labeke Congo basin integrated monitoring for forest carbon mitigation and biodiversity (COBIMFO). Abstract: The main objective of het project is to get baseline reference data on the C stocks and biodiversity in pristine and intervened dense tropical forests of the Congo Basin and to increase our understanding in the relationship between both variables as a function of forest management (and the likelihood that the societies will preserve these stocks in the long-term). Evolutionary ecology group (EVECO) Herwig Leirs Congo basin integrated monitoring for forest carbon mitigation and biodiversity (COBIMFO). Abstract: The relationship between C stock, fluxes and biodiversity in the tropical rainforest of the Congo Basin is investigated. Therefore, intensive monitoring of these variables will be performed in pristine and intervened dense tropical forests in Yangambi, along a forest productivity gradient. The project is a partnership between UGent, Royal Museum for Central Africa, ULB, UCL, National Botanic Garden of Belgium, Royal Belgian Institute for Natural Sciences and UA. Departement of Applied ecology and environmental biology Pascal Boeckx Hans Verbeeck Research into the wood quality boxers (Prunus avium L.) Abstract: not available Departement of Forest and water management Joris Van Acker Modelling atmospheric composition and climate for the Belgian territory. Abstract: The aim of the proposed research is to establish projections of future climate and air quality for Belgium, at an unprecedented spatial resolution, and using the latest insights and parameterizations of processes affecting regional climate and atmospheric composition. The project will be largely based on the "COSMO model in Climate Mode" (CCLM), a state-of-the-art regional climate model. In a development phase, the focus will be on improving and extending this model, by implementing i) an advanced cloud and precipitation microphysics scheme, ii) the radiative effect ofcontrails and iii) vegetation dynamics. In an implementation phase, theupgraded models will be employed to simulate present and future climateand air quality. The CCLM model will be run in nested mode, taking output fields from the EC-EARTH Global Climate Model to specify lateral boundary conditions, covering scales ranging from the European continent to the Belgiam territory at resolutions of km approximately. Fin Division of Geography Nicole Van Lipzig Biogenic influences on oxidants and secondary organic aerosol: theoretical, laboratory and modelling investigations (BIOSOA). Abstract: No English Abstract Quantum Chemistry and Physical Chemistry Shaun Carl Jozef Peeters BIoGeochemical cycles in the SOUTHern Ocean: Role within the Earth System (BIGSOUTH) Abstract: Sound knowledge of the complex processes controlling the exchanges of carbon and other climate gases between functionally differing SO systems (margin impacted systems, open-ocean, sea ice covered systems) and the atmosphere is critically needed. It is crucial to understand and predict spatial and temporal variability of these processes in order to achieve a realistic integrated view of the SO's role as sink-source of climate gases and to evaluate the efficiency of carbon sequestration and its evolution in a changing climate. Therefore, this project focuses on the following key questions: (1) What is the significance of sea ice physical and biogeochemical processes on atmosphere - ocean fluxes of climate gases (CO2, DMS, CH4, N2O) and fluxes of matter (carbon, macro- and micronutrients) to the water column? (2) Can we reconstruct paleo-sea ice extension based on sedimentary records and sound knowledge of sea ice biological and physicochemical processes? (3) How are formation rate, composition, lability and sinking speed of marine biogenic particles related to planktonic community structure and trophic interactions and how do margin systems open ocean and sea ice covered systems, which differ in Fe availability, compare? (4) What are the physical and ecosystem conditions and pathways that lead either to shallow remineralisation or to deep export of organic matter produced in seaice and surface waters? (5) What is the impact of these processes on water column nutrient ratios and nutrient distribution in the Global Ocean? Chemistry
9 FRANK DEHAIRS Design to Construct Abstract: This project aims to bring together research groups that study the conceptual aspects of structural design and product. More specifically the development of methods and rules for the design of products, mechanical components, connections, mechanisms, structures, tools, dynamic building elements and architectural constructions are investigated. Departement of Mechanical construction and production Patrick De Baets
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