Complex Predications in Argument Structure Alternations

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Complex Predications in Argument Structure Alternations"

Transcription

1 Complex Predications in Argument Structure Alternations Stefan Engelberg (Institut für Deutsche Sprache & University of Mannheim) Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 1] Constructional variability Project: Polysemie und konstruktionelle Varianz (Polysemy and constructional variability) Located: Institut für Deutsche Sprache. Members: Stefan Engelberg, Jens Gerdes, Svenja König, Kristel Proost, Edeltraud Winkler. Investigates: argument structure alternations in German; description of types and distribution of argument structure patterns; exploring theoretical options for explanation. Data: based on text corpora; development of a large database of annotated sentences. Project: Syntactic and semantic parameters in the distribution of embedded complex predicates Institutspartnerschaft Bucharest/Mannheim. Contribution of Polysemy and constructional variance : Investigation of argument structure alternations in the domain of embedded complex predicates. Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 2] 1

2 Phenomena Complex predications (cpr) as arguments of verbs = arguments that involve an internal predicational relation Sentential subjects cpr-arg V arg die Sonne scheint versus Sie hilft bei den Vorbereitungen. she helps with the preparations Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 3] Resultatives arg V cpr-arg er ist schwindlig Sie tanzt ihn schwindlig. she dances him dizzy versus Sie tanzt einen Walzer. she dances a waltz Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 4] 2

3 Cognate objects arg V cpr-arg der Kampf ist schwer Sie kämpft einen schweren Kampf. she fights a hard fight versus Sie she kämpft. fights Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 5] Particle verbs arg V cpr-arg das Paket ist zu Sie bindet das Paket zu. she ties the package up versus (e.g.) Sie bindet einen Strauß. she binds a bouquet Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 6] 3

4 What we have to explain Question 1: How is the distribution of particular cpr arguments accounted for? E.g., what types of verbs occur with sentential subjects? Question 2: How is the syntactic form and function of particular cpr arguments accounted for? E. g., what accounts for the fact that the sentential subject with helfen occurs as a finite dass-clause? Question 3: How is the semantic contribution of particular cpr arguments accounted for? E. g., what accounts for the fact that the effect expressed by helfen depends on the state of affairs expressed by the sentential suject? Question 4: How do particular cpr arguments interact with general syntactic and semantic rules? E. g., what are the word order properties of the sentential subject of helfen? Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 7] Theoretical options Three hypotheses Hypothesis A (lexicon-free) The four questions can be answered by reference to general syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic rules. Lexicon helfen: [some unstructured encyclopedic knowledge] Grammar rules from which follows that a subordinate dass-sentence S can occur in subject position (or some specific functional projection), where this projection is connected to an interpretation according to which the particular effect/state expressed by V depends on the state of affairs expressed by S; rules that account for word order variation, etc. Cf. on sentential subjects: Engelberg, Stefan: Stativity, Supervenience, and Sentential Subjects. In: C. Maienborn & A. Wöllstein (eds.). Event Arguments: Foundations and Applications. Tübingen: Niemeyer 2005, Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 8] 4

5 Hypothesis B (valency-based) The four questions can be answered by reference to general syntactic, semantic, and pragmatic rules and verb-specific valency information. Dass die Sonne scheint, hilft (ihm) (bei den Vorbereitungen). that the sun shines helps he-dat with the preparations Lexicon helfen (reading 2): x y z Syn: Sdass (NPdat) (PPbei) Sem: the helping effect for y with respect to z depends on the state of affairs x Grammar principles for valency patterns and valency projections; rules that account for word order variation, etc. Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 9] Hypothesis C (construction-based) The four questions can be answered by reference to specific constructions that bundle the syntactic, semantic and pragmatic properties of the patterns. Lexicon (Constructicon) Sentential Subject Dependency Construction Phon: dass X Y Syn: [[dass S X ] [V Y [...]]] Sem: the effect/state expressed by Y depends on the state of affairs expressed by X Grammar principles for unification of constructions and for inheritance relations between constructions, etc. Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 10] 5

6 How to decide 3 criteria (Criterion 1) Generality of Syn-Sem-Association How general is the association between the morphosyntactic and the semantic properties of the pattern (and how is that accounted for)? SEM: the effect/state expressed by helfen depends on the fact that the sun is shining Dass der Zweig brach, geschah ganz plötzlich. that the twig broke happened quite suddenly SEM: the effect/state expressed by geschehen depends on the fact that the twig broke Observation: The syntactic-semantic pattern is restricted to some fairly large verb classes; it is neither idiosyncratic for single verbs nor do dass-s subjects always convey the same meaning relation. Cf. on verb classes and sentential subjects: Zifonun, Gisela, Ludger Hoffmann, Bruno Strecker & et al.: Grammatik der deutschen Sprache. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 11] (Criterion 1) Generality of Syn-Sem-Association How general is the association between the morphosyntactic and the semantic properties of the pattern (and how is that accounted for)? Hypothesis 1 (lexicon-free) a) some stipulation that facts are best expressed as dass-clauses b) encyclopedic (??) knowledge that effects/states like help, endanger, facilitate always depend on some other fact [dubious] c) there is a functional projection ( subject) where agents, causes and similar relations (of semantic dependency) are attached to [depends on b] Hypothesis 2 (valency-based) a) explicit statement about syn-sem association in lexical entry b) additional lexical (redundancy) rule needed in order to generalize the pattern over verb classes Hypothesis 3 (construction-based) a) explicit construction captures syn-sem association and the generalization over verb classes b) no additional lexical information needed if (!) the verb class can be properly defined ± ± Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 12] 6

7 (Criterion 2) Interaction with grammatical regularities How does the pattern interact with more general syntactic and semantic rules (and how ist that accounted for)? Dass die Sonne scheint, hat bei den Vorbereitungen geholfen. that the sun shines has with the preparations helped Es hat bei den Vorbereitungen geholfen, dass die Sonne scheint. it has with the preparations helped that the sun shines?/* Es hat dass die Sonne scheint bei den Vorbereitungen geholfen. it has that the sun shines with the preparations helped Observation: Finite complement clauses do not occur in the Mittelfeld (while, e. g. adverbial clauses do). Cf. on word order restriction for complement clauses: Zifonun, Gisela, Ludger Hoffmann, Bruno Strecker & et al.: Grammatik der deutschen Sprache. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter 1997, 2345ff. Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 13] (Criterion 2) Interaction with grammatical regularities How does the pattern interact with more general syntactic and semantic rules (and how ist that accounted for)? Hypothesis 1 (lexicon-free) a) the word order pecularity does not fall out from general rules for word order in German; explanation might remain stipulative and hard to express Hypothesis 2 (valency-based) a) according to basic principles of valency word-order pecularities are not captured in lexical entries b) doesn t fall out from general rules for word order in German; explanation might remain stipulative and hard to express Hypothesis 3 (construction-based) a) word order pecularities can be expressed by inheritance from specific word order constructions [by stipulation] ± Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 14] 7

8 (Criterion 3) Lexical variance How much and how idiosyncratic does a paticular argument slot of a verb vary with respect to its syntactic realization (and how is that accounted for)? Die Einladungen früh zu schicken hilft bei den Vorbereitungen. sending the invitations early helps with the preparations Dass man spät begann, erklärt die Probleme. that one began late explains the problems?? Spät zu beginnen erklärt die Probleme. beginning late explains the problems?? Dass er den Termin einhielt gelang ihm leicht. that he kept the deadline succeeded he (DAT) easily Den Termin einzuhalten gelang ihm leicht. keeping the deadline succeeded he (DAT) easily Observation: It is difficult to generalize over the alternation patterns. Cf. on alternation between infinitival and sentential subjects: Zifonun, Gisela, Ludger Hoffmann, Bruno Strecker & et al.: Grammatik der deutschen Sprache. Berlin, New York: de Gruyter 1997, 1450ff. Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 15] (Criterion 3) Lexical variance How much and how idiosyncratic does a paticular argument slot of a verb vary with respect to its syntactic realization (and how is that accounted for)? Hypothesis 1 (lexicon-free) a) it is not clear how the tremendous amount of lexical idiosyncrasies in argument realization can be explained without a lexicon Hypothesis 2 (valency-based) a) lexical idiosyncrasies can be easily captured b) fairly regular alternations will be captured by lexical (redundancy) rules + Hypothesis 3 (construction-based) a) alternations that pertain to lexical classes can be easily captured b) lexical idiosyncrasies in alternations require a rather complex interaction between atomic constructions, non-atomic constructions and inheritance rules ± Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 16] 8

9 ENDE Slides: Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 [Folie 17] 9

Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Workshop Corpora in Lexical Research, Bucharest, Nov. 2008 [Folie 1]

Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Workshop Corpora in Lexical Research, Bucharest, Nov. 2008 [Folie 1] Content 1. Empirical linguistics 2. Text corpora and corpus linguistics 3. Concordances 4. Application I: The German progressive 5. Part-of-speech tagging 6. Fequency analysis 7. Application II: Compounds

More information

The Use of Text Corpora in Lexical Research

The Use of Text Corpora in Lexical Research The Use of Text Corpora in Lexical Research Stefan Engelberg Workshop, Universitatea din Bucureşti, November 2008 http://www.ids-mannheim.de/ll/lehre/engelberg/ Webseite_CorpLex/CorpLex.html engelberg@ids-mannheim.de

More information

Scrambling in German - Extraction into the Mittelfeld

Scrambling in German - Extraction into the Mittelfeld Scrambling in German - Extraction into the Mittelfeld Stefan Mailer* Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin August, 1995 Abstract German is a language with a relatively free word order. During the last few years

More information

Structure of the talk. The semantics of event nominalisation. Event nominalisations and verbal arguments 2

Structure of the talk. The semantics of event nominalisation. Event nominalisations and verbal arguments 2 Structure of the talk Sebastian Bücking 1 and Markus Egg 2 1 Universität Tübingen sebastian.buecking@uni-tuebingen.de 2 Rijksuniversiteit Groningen egg@let.rug.nl 12 December 2008 two challenges for a

More information

Chapter 13, Sections 13.1-13.2. Auxiliary Verbs. 2003 CSLI Publications

Chapter 13, Sections 13.1-13.2. Auxiliary Verbs. 2003 CSLI Publications Chapter 13, Sections 13.1-13.2 Auxiliary Verbs What Auxiliaries Are Sometimes called helping verbs, auxiliaries are little words that come before the main verb of a sentence, including forms of be, have,

More information

SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS OF CAUSAL DENN IN GERMAN TATJANA SCHEFFLER

SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS OF CAUSAL DENN IN GERMAN TATJANA SCHEFFLER SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS OF CAUSAL DENN IN GERMAN TATJANA SCHEFFLER Department of Linguistics University of Pennsylvania tatjana@ling.upenn.edu This paper presents a new analysis of denn (because) in German.

More information

Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Workshop Corpora in Lexical Research, Bucharest, Nov. 2008 [Folie 1]

Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Workshop Corpora in Lexical Research, Bucharest, Nov. 2008 [Folie 1] Content 1. Empirical linguistics 2. Text corpora and corpus linguistics 3. Concordances 4. Application I: The German progressive 5. Part-of-speech tagging 6. Fequency analysis 7. Application II: Compounds

More information

Support verb constructions

Support verb constructions Support verb constructions Comments on Angelika Storrer s presentation Markus Egg Rijksuniversiteit Groningen Salsa-Workshop 2006 Outline of the comment Support-verb constructions (SVCs) and textual organisation

More information

Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Workshop Corpora in Lexical Research, Bucharest, Nov. 2008 [Folie 1]

Stefan Engelberg (IDS Mannheim), Workshop Corpora in Lexical Research, Bucharest, Nov. 2008 [Folie 1] Content 1. Empirical linguistics 2. Text corpora and corpus linguistics 3. Concordances 4. Application I: The German progressive 5. Part-of-speech tagging 6. Fequency analysis 7. Application II: Compounds

More information

Cross-linguistic differences in the interpretation of sentences with more than one QP: German (Frey 1993) and Hungarian (É Kiss 1991)

Cross-linguistic differences in the interpretation of sentences with more than one QP: German (Frey 1993) and Hungarian (É Kiss 1991) Cross-linguistic differences in the interpretation of sentences with more than one QP: German (Frey 1993) and Hungarian (É Kiss 1991) 1. Quantifier Scope in English (May 1977, 1985) Predictions of May

More information

Bound and referential pronouns

Bound and referential pronouns Bound and referential pronouns *with thanks to Birgit Bärnreuther, Christina Bergmann, Dominique Goltz, Stefan Hinterwimmer, MaikeKleemeyer, Peter König, Florian Krause, Marlene Meyer Peter Bosch Institute

More information

Acquiring grammatical gender in northern and southern Dutch. Jan Klom, Gunther De Vogelaer

Acquiring grammatical gender in northern and southern Dutch. Jan Klom, Gunther De Vogelaer Acquiring grammatical gender in northern and southern Acquring grammatical gender in southern and northern 2 Research questions How does variation relate to change? (transmission in Labov 2007 variation

More information

Wie ist das Wetter? (What s the weather like?)

Wie ist das Wetter? (What s the weather like?) Prior Knowledge: It is helpful if children already know some dates, weather phrases and items of clothing Objectives Present ideas and information orally to a range of audiences. Describe people, places,

More information

Symmetric verbs and constraints on passivization: An English-German comparison

Symmetric verbs and constraints on passivization: An English-German comparison ZAA 56.3 (2008): 269-282 FLORIAN HAAS Symmetric verbs and constraints on passivization: An English-German comparison Abstract: Constraints on passivization have mainly been formulated in terms of semantic

More information

Competing Models of Grammatical Description

Competing Models of Grammatical Description Competing Models of Grammatical Description Computerlinguistik (Seminar SS 2008) PD Dr. Tania Avgustinova Grammar: Overview Kinds of grammars, views on grammar Basic grammatical notions grammatical units:

More information

Reference Determination for Demonstrative Pronouns

Reference Determination for Demonstrative Pronouns Peter Bosch & Carla Umbach University of Osnabrück, Germany This paper discusses results from a corpus study of German demonstrative and personal pronouns and from a reading time experiment in which we

More information

The finite verb and the clause: IP

The finite verb and the clause: IP Introduction to General Linguistics WS12/13 page 1 Syntax 6 The finite verb and the clause: Course teacher: Sam Featherston Important things you will learn in this section: The head of the clause The positions

More information

Comprendium Translator System Overview

Comprendium Translator System Overview Comprendium System Overview May 2004 Table of Contents 1. INTRODUCTION...3 2. WHAT IS MACHINE TRANSLATION?...3 3. THE COMPRENDIUM MACHINE TRANSLATION TECHNOLOGY...4 3.1 THE BEST MT TECHNOLOGY IN THE MARKET...4

More information

Studying the role of as in consider and regard sentences with syntactic weight and educational materials

Studying the role of as in consider and regard sentences with syntactic weight and educational materials Studying the role of as in consider and regard sentences with syntactic weight and educational materials Tetsu NARITA Introduction When we say consider or regard in conversation, we either do or do not

More information

GERMAN WORD ORDER. Mihaela PARPALEA 1

GERMAN WORD ORDER. Mihaela PARPALEA 1 Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Braşov Vol. 2 (51) - 2009 Series IV: Philology and Cultural Studies GERMAN WORD ORDER Mihaela PARPALEA 1 Abstract: The idea that German word order is governed

More information

CINTIL-PropBank. CINTIL-PropBank Sub-corpus id Sentences Tokens Domain Sentences for regression atsts 779 5,654 Test

CINTIL-PropBank. CINTIL-PropBank Sub-corpus id Sentences Tokens Domain Sentences for regression atsts 779 5,654 Test CINTIL-PropBank I. Basic Information 1.1. Corpus information The CINTIL-PropBank (Branco et al., 2012) is a set of sentences annotated with their constituency structure and semantic role tags, composed

More information

Diese Liste wird präsentiert von. Netheweb.de

Diese Liste wird präsentiert von. Netheweb.de Diese Liste wird präsentiert von Netheweb.de Die Liste enthält 1000 Do-Follow Blogs, die zum Linkbuilding genutzt werden können, es kann sein, dass verkürzte URL s nicht korrekt weiter geleitet werden.

More information

German Language Resource Packet

German Language Resource Packet German has three features of word order than do not exist in English: 1. The main verb must be the second element in the independent clause. This often requires an inversion of subject and verb. For example:

More information

because * (Towards Contrastive Construction Grammars: Because Constructions in English and Kara Constructions in Japanese)

because * (Towards Contrastive Construction Grammars: Because Constructions in English and Kara Constructions in Japanese) because * (Towards Contrastive Construction Grammars: Because Constructions in English and Kara Constructions in Japanese) Masaru Kanetani University of Tsukuba because cf. Weilbacher and Boas 2006 Östman

More information

Introduction to formal semantics -

Introduction to formal semantics - Introduction to formal semantics - Introduction to formal semantics 1 / 25 structure Motivation - Philosophy paradox antinomy division in object und Meta language Semiotics syntax semantics Pragmatics

More information

L130: Chapter 5d. Dr. Shannon Bischoff. Dr. Shannon Bischoff () L130: Chapter 5d 1 / 25

L130: Chapter 5d. Dr. Shannon Bischoff. Dr. Shannon Bischoff () L130: Chapter 5d 1 / 25 L130: Chapter 5d Dr. Shannon Bischoff Dr. Shannon Bischoff () L130: Chapter 5d 1 / 25 Outline 1 Syntax 2 Clauses 3 Constituents Dr. Shannon Bischoff () L130: Chapter 5d 2 / 25 Outline Last time... Verbs...

More information

Syntax II, Handout #4 Universität Stuttgart, SOSES 2006 Winfried Lechner Wed , Room 11.71

Syntax II, Handout #4 Universität Stuttgart, SOSES 2006 Winfried Lechner Wed , Room 11.71 Syntax II, Handout #4 Universität Stuttgart, SOSES 2006 Winfried Lechner Wed 14.00-15.30, Room 11.71 VERB CLASSES 1. CONTROL VS. RAISING VERBS The distinction between raising and control verbs is not always

More information

Aspectual Prefixes in Early English

Aspectual Prefixes in Early English Studies in English Medieval Language and Literature 43 Aspectual Prefixes in Early English Bearbeitet von Vlatko Broz 1. Auflage 2014. Buch. XII, 193 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 631 64529 1 Format (B x L):

More information

Proceedings of VEXTAL 99 Venezia, San Servolo, V.I.U November 1999

Proceedings of VEXTAL 99 Venezia, San Servolo, V.I.U November 1999 Proceedings of VEXTAL 99 Venezia, San Servolo, V.I.U. 22-24 November 1999 A Hybrid System for the Designation of Grammatical Case in German 1). Manfred Wettler & Christian Hellmann Department of Psychology

More information

Scrambling in German { Extraction into te Mittelfeld Stefan Muller y Humboldt Universitat zu Berlin August, 199 Abstract German is a language wit a relatively free word order. During te last few years

More information

I Textarbeit. Text 1. I never leave my horse

I Textarbeit. Text 1. I never leave my horse BEJ Musterprüfung Englisch (11020) 1 I Textarbeit Text 1 I never leave my horse 1 5 10 15 20 Police officers in Ireland don t carry guns. But they often ride through Dublin on horses. Julie Folan is a

More information

Varieties of specification and underspecification: A view from semantics

Varieties of specification and underspecification: A view from semantics Varieties of specification and underspecification: A view from semantics Torgrim Solstad D1/B4 SFB meeting on long-term goals June 29th, 2009 The technique of underspecification I Presupposed: in semantics,

More information

Sense-Tagging Verbs in English and Chinese. Hoa Trang Dang

Sense-Tagging Verbs in English and Chinese. Hoa Trang Dang Sense-Tagging Verbs in English and Chinese Hoa Trang Dang Department of Computer and Information Sciences University of Pennsylvania htd@linc.cis.upenn.edu October 30, 2003 Outline English sense-tagging

More information

Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 67. Cardinal Numerals. Old English from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Bearbeitet von Ferdinand von Mengden

Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 67. Cardinal Numerals. Old English from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective. Bearbeitet von Ferdinand von Mengden Topics in English Linguistics [TiEL] 67 Cardinal Numerals Old English from a Cross-Linguistic Perspective Bearbeitet von Ferdinand von Mengden 1. Auflage 2010. Buch. XIII, 342 S. Hardcover ISBN 978 3 11

More information

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION

CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION 1 CHAPTER I INTRODUCTION A. Background of the Study Language is used to communicate with other people. People need to study how to use language especially foreign language. Language can be study in linguistic

More information

Exemplar for Internal Assessment Resource German Level 1. Resource title: Planning a School Exchange

Exemplar for Internal Assessment Resource German Level 1. Resource title: Planning a School Exchange Exemplar for internal assessment resource German 1.5A for Achievement Standard 90887! Exemplar for Internal Assessment Resource German Level 1 Resource title: Planning a School Exchange This exemplar supports

More information

Phase 2 of the D4 Project. Helmut Schmid and Sabine Schulte im Walde

Phase 2 of the D4 Project. Helmut Schmid and Sabine Schulte im Walde Statistical Verb-Clustering Model soft clustering: Verbs may belong to several clusters trained on verb-argument tuples clusters together verbs with similar subcategorization and selectional restriction

More information

Evaluating Competition-based Models of Word Order

Evaluating Competition-based Models of Word Order Evaluating Competition-based Models of Word Order Frank Keller keller@cogsci.ed.ac.uk Institute for Communicating and Collaborative Systems Division of Informatics, University of Edinburgh 2 Buccleuch

More information

GCE EXAMINERS' REPORTS

GCE EXAMINERS' REPORTS GCE EXAMINERS' REPORTS GERMAN AS/Advanced JANUARY 2014 Grade boundary information for this subject is available on the WJEC public website at: https://www.wjecservices.co.uk/marktoums/default.aspx?l=en

More information

Course: German 1 Designated Six Weeks: Weeks 1 and 2. Assessment Vocabulary Instructional Strategies

Course: German 1 Designated Six Weeks: Weeks 1 and 2. Assessment Vocabulary Instructional Strategies (1) Communication. The student communicates using the skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. The student: (A) engages in oral and written exchanges of learned material to socialize and to

More information

What Makes a Good Online Dictionary? Empirical Insights from an Interdisciplinary Research Project

What Makes a Good Online Dictionary? Empirical Insights from an Interdisciplinary Research Project Proceedings of elex 2011, pp. 203-208 What Makes a Good Online Dictionary? Empirical Insights from an Interdisciplinary Research Project Carolin Müller-Spitzer, Alexander Koplenig, Antje Töpel Institute

More information

Estudios de lingüística inglesa aplicada

Estudios de lingüística inglesa aplicada Estudios de lingüística inglesa aplicada ADVERB ORIENTATION: SEMANTICS AND PRAGMATICS José María García Núñez Universidad de Cádiz Orientation is a well known property of some adverbs in English. Early

More information

Lexical Competition: Round in English and Dutch

Lexical Competition: Round in English and Dutch Lexical Competition: Round in English and Dutch Joost Zwarts * Abstract This paper studies the semantic division of labour between three Dutch words, om, rond and rondom, all three corresponding to the

More information

All the English here is taken from students work, both written and spoken. Can you spot the errors and correct them?

All the English here is taken from students work, both written and spoken. Can you spot the errors and correct them? Grammar Tasks This is a set of tasks for use in the Basic Grammar Class. Although they only really make sense when used with the other materials from the course, you can use them as a quick test as the

More information

Outline of today s lecture

Outline of today s lecture Outline of today s lecture Generative grammar Simple context free grammars Probabilistic CFGs Formalism power requirements Parsing Modelling syntactic structure of phrases and sentences. Why is it useful?

More information

Multilingual and mixed-lingual TTS applications

Multilingual and mixed-lingual TTS applications Multilingual and mixed-lingual TTS applications LangTech 2003 November 24, 2003 Simona Fina, Manager Linguistics Real-life texts need mixed-lingual analysis Agenda Short presentation of SVOX Challenges

More information

Modalverben Theorie. learning target. rules. Aim of this section is to learn how to use modal verbs.

Modalverben Theorie. learning target. rules. Aim of this section is to learn how to use modal verbs. learning target Aim of this section is to learn how to use modal verbs. German Ich muss nach Hause gehen. Er sollte das Buch lesen. Wir können das Visum bekommen. English I must go home. He should read

More information

25.11.2014. Features of ad hoc kinds created by similarity. Similarity in natural language. Carla Umbach (ZAS Berlin)

25.11.2014. Features of ad hoc kinds created by similarity. Similarity in natural language. Carla Umbach (ZAS Berlin) Similarity in natural language Features of ad hoc kinds created by similarity Carla Umbach (ZAS Berlin) Institut für Deutsche Sprache und Literatur I Universität Köln, 26. 11. 2014 Similarity is a core

More information

Syntactic Theory. Background and Transformational Grammar. Dr. Dan Flickinger & PD Dr. Valia Kordoni

Syntactic Theory. Background and Transformational Grammar. Dr. Dan Flickinger & PD Dr. Valia Kordoni Syntactic Theory Background and Transformational Grammar Dr. Dan Flickinger & PD Dr. Valia Kordoni Department of Computational Linguistics Saarland University October 28, 2011 Early work on grammar There

More information

SignLEF: Sign Languages within the European Framework of Reference for Languages

SignLEF: Sign Languages within the European Framework of Reference for Languages SignLEF: Sign Languages within the European Framework of Reference for Languages Simone Greiner-Ogris, Franz Dotter Centre for Sign Language and Deaf Communication, Alpen Adria Universität Klagenfurt (Austria)

More information

Module Catalogue for the Bachelor Program in Computational Linguistics at the University of Heidelberg

Module Catalogue for the Bachelor Program in Computational Linguistics at the University of Heidelberg Module Catalogue for the Bachelor Program in Computational Linguistics at the University of Heidelberg March 1, 2007 The catalogue is organized into sections of (1) obligatory modules ( Basismodule ) that

More information

Proximity in agreement errors

Proximity in agreement errors Proximity in agreement errors Barbara Hemforth (barbara.hemforth@lpl.univ-aix.fr) Laboratoire Parole et Langage, UMR 6057, Univ. de Aix en Provence 29, av. Robert Schuman, 13621 Aix en Provence, France

More information

Predicate Complements

Predicate Complements Predicate Complements Frank Van Eynde University of Leuven - Belgium This paper presents the subject raising treatment of predication (section 1), shows its deficiencies (section 2), presents an alternative

More information

Idioms and Transformations

Idioms and Transformations Idioms and Transformations Gereon Müller, IDS Mannheim, July 2000 gereon.mueller@ids-mannheim.de (A part of a talk given at the GGS meeting in Potsdam, June 2000) 1. Background There is a standard objection:

More information

Sentence structure

Sentence structure Semester III Group B Grammar 3 Mrs. Skirdj Sentence structure The subject is a noun, noun phrase or pronoun representing the person or thing that performs the action of the verb. There are two types of

More information

The German response particle doch as a case of contrastive focus

The German response particle doch as a case of contrastive focus The German response particle doch as a case of contrastive focus Elena Karagjosova University of Oslo 1 Introduction The accented German response particle (henceforth, RP) doch though is typically used

More information

The Non-Subject Bias of German Demonstrative Pronouns. Peter Bosch, Graham Katz, Carla Umbach Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Osnabrück

The Non-Subject Bias of German Demonstrative Pronouns. Peter Bosch, Graham Katz, Carla Umbach Institute of Cognitive Science, University of Osnabrück [In Schwarz-Friesel, Monika, Manfred Consten, and Mareile Knees (eds.), Anaphors in Text: Cognitive, formal and applied approaches to anaphoric reference. 27. pp. 145 164] The Non-Subject Bias of German

More information

First Steps with PLAIN

First Steps with PLAIN First Steps with PLAIN Version 2.0 (September 2014) www.plain-nlp.de Peter Hellwig and Heinz-Detlev Koch These instructions should help you to use PLAIN (Programs for Language Analysis and Inference) right

More information

Elena Chiocchetti & Natascia Ralli (EURAC) Tanja Wissik & Vesna Lušicky (University of Vienna)

Elena Chiocchetti & Natascia Ralli (EURAC) Tanja Wissik & Vesna Lušicky (University of Vienna) Elena Chiocchetti & Natascia Ralli (EURAC) Tanja Wissik & Vesna Lušicky (University of Vienna) VII Conference on Legal Translation, Court Interpreting and Comparative Legilinguistics Poznań, 28-30.06.2013

More information

to Automatic Interpreting Birte Schmitz Technische Universitat Berlin

to Automatic Interpreting Birte Schmitz Technische Universitat Berlin A Relevance-Based Approach to Automatic Interpreting Birte Schmitz Technische Universitat Berlin Report 164 August 1996 August 1996 Birte Schmitz Kontaktadresse: Technische Universität Berlin Fachbereich

More information

Über die Semantik von Modellierungssprachen

Über die Semantik von Modellierungssprachen Über die Semantik von Modellierungssprachen und des UML-Standards Prof. Dr. Bernhard Rumpe Technische Universität Braunschweig http://www.sse.cs.tu-bs.de/ Seite 2 What is a model? And why do we need modeling

More information

PÁZMÁNY PÉTER KATOLIKUS EGYETEM BÖLCSÉSZETTUDOMÁNYI KAR

PÁZMÁNY PÉTER KATOLIKUS EGYETEM BÖLCSÉSZETTUDOMÁNYI KAR PÁZMÁNY PÉTER KATOLIKUS EGYETEM BÖLCSÉSZETTUDOMÁNYI KAR DOKTORI DISSZERTÁCIÓ HALM TAMÁS THE GRAMMAR OF FREE-CHOICE ITEMS IN HUNGARIAN THESIS BOOKLET NYELVTUDOMÁNYI DOKTORI ISKOLA ELMÉLETI NYELVÉSZET MŰHELY

More information

Czech Verbs of Communication and the Extraction of their Frames

Czech Verbs of Communication and the Extraction of their Frames Czech Verbs of Communication and the Extraction of their Frames Václava Benešová and Ondřej Bojar Institute of Formal and Applied Linguistics ÚFAL MFF UK, Malostranské náměstí 25, 11800 Praha, Czech Republic

More information

Characteristics of the METAL Machine Translation System at Production Stage. John S. White Siemens Communication Systems

Characteristics of the METAL Machine Translation System at Production Stage. John S. White Siemens Communication Systems [Proceedings of the Conference on Theoretical and Methodological Issues in Machine Translation of Natural Languages, Colgate University, Hamilton, New York, August 14-16, 1985] Characteristics of the METAL

More information

I have eaten. The plums that were in the ice box

I have eaten. The plums that were in the ice box in the Sentence 2 What is a grammatical category? A word with little meaning, e.g., Determiner, Quantifier, Auxiliary, Cood Coordinator, ato,a and dco Complementizer pe e e What is a lexical category?

More information

VP-TOPICALIZATION AND THE VERB GJØRE IN NORWEGIAN 1

VP-TOPICALIZATION AND THE VERB GJØRE IN NORWEGIAN 1 3 Working Papers in Scandinavian Syntax 45 1990 pp. 3-12. Helge Lødrup: VP-TOPICALIZATION AND THE VERB GJØRE IN NORWEGIAN 1 1. It is well known that VP-topicalization in Norwegian (as in Swedish and Danish)

More information

209 THE STRUCTURE AND USE OF ENGLISH.

209 THE STRUCTURE AND USE OF ENGLISH. 209 THE STRUCTURE AND USE OF ENGLISH. (3) A general survey of the history, structure, and use of the English language. Topics investigated include: the history of the English language; elements of the

More information

Selected Topics in Applied Machine Learning: An integrating view on data analysis and learning algorithms

Selected Topics in Applied Machine Learning: An integrating view on data analysis and learning algorithms Selected Topics in Applied Machine Learning: An integrating view on data analysis and learning algorithms ESSLLI 2015 Barcelona, Spain http://ufal.mff.cuni.cz/esslli2015 Barbora Hladká hladka@ufal.mff.cuni.cz

More information

Constraints in Phrase Structure Grammar

Constraints in Phrase Structure Grammar Constraints in Phrase Structure Grammar Phrase Structure Grammar no movement, no transformations, context-free rules X/Y = X is a category which dominates a missing category Y Let G be the set of basic

More information

19. Morphosyntax in L2A

19. Morphosyntax in L2A Spring 2012, April 5 Missing morphology Variability in acquisition Morphology and functional structure Morphosyntax in acquisition In L1A, we observe that kids don t always provide all the morphology that

More information

What s in a Lexicon. The Lexicon. Lexicon vs. Dictionary. What kind of Information should a Lexicon contain?

What s in a Lexicon. The Lexicon. Lexicon vs. Dictionary. What kind of Information should a Lexicon contain? What s in a Lexicon What kind of Information should a Lexicon contain? The Lexicon Miriam Butt November 2002 Semantic: information about lexical meaning and relations (thematic roles, selectional restrictions,

More information

Summary, Discussion and Conclusions

Summary, Discussion and Conclusions 7 Summary, Discussion and Conclusions 7.1 Introduction In the past four decades, children s non-adult-like understanding of quantified sentences has been explained in syntactic, semantic or pragmatic terms

More information

A Data-Driven Approach to Deep Machine Translation. Michael Jellinghaus Saarland University

A Data-Driven Approach to Deep Machine Translation. Michael Jellinghaus Saarland University A Data-Driven Approach to Deep Machine Translation Michael Jellinghaus Saarland University micha@coli.uni-sb.de Motivation Overview Characterisation of statistical and transfer-based MT Hybrid system idea

More information

English Syntax: An Introduction

English Syntax: An Introduction English Syntax: An Introduction Jong-Bok Kim and Peter Sells March 2, 2007 CENTER FOR THE STUDY OF LANGUAGE AND INFORMATION Contents 1 Some Basic Properties of English Syntax 1 1.1 Some Remarks on the

More information

The compositional semantics of same

The compositional semantics of same The compositional semantics of same Mike Solomon Amherst College Abstract Barker (2007) proposes the first strictly compositional semantic analysis of internal same. I show that Barker s analysis fails

More information

Overview of the TACITUS Project

Overview of the TACITUS Project Overview of the TACITUS Project Jerry R. Hobbs Artificial Intelligence Center SRI International 1 Aims of the Project The specific aim of the TACITUS project is to develop interpretation processes for

More information

A: Ein ganz normaler Prozess B: Best Practices in BPMN 1.x. ITAB / IT Architekturbüro Rüdiger Molle März 2009

A: Ein ganz normaler Prozess B: Best Practices in BPMN 1.x. ITAB / IT Architekturbüro Rüdiger Molle März 2009 A: Ein ganz normaler Prozess B: Best Practices in BPMN 1.x ITAB / IT Architekturbüro Rüdiger Molle März 2009 März 2009 I T A B 2 Lessons learned Beschreibung eines GP durch das Business läßt Fragen der

More information

English prepositional passive constructions

English prepositional passive constructions English prepositional constructions An empirical overview of the properties of English prepositional s is presented, followed by a discussion of formal approaches to the analysis of the various types of

More information

Semantics and Generative Grammar. Quantificational DPs, Part 3: Covert Movement vs. Type Shifting 1

Semantics and Generative Grammar. Quantificational DPs, Part 3: Covert Movement vs. Type Shifting 1 Quantificational DPs, Part 3: Covert Movement vs. Type Shifting 1 1. Introduction Thus far, we ve considered two competing analyses of sentences like those in (1). (1) Sentences Where a Quantificational

More information

Challenges of literacy acquisition in school in a comparative perspective 7th grade in Germany / Turkey Ulrich Mehlem Müge Ayan Ceyhan

Challenges of literacy acquisition in school in a comparative perspective 7th grade in Germany / Turkey Ulrich Mehlem Müge Ayan Ceyhan Challenges of literacy acquisition in school in a comparative perspective 7th grade in Germany / Turkey Ulrich Mehlem Müge Ayan Ceyhan Outline 1. Components of literacy education in the seventh grade 2.

More information

On the interpretations of embedded questions in German. Kerstin Schwabe & Robert Fittler ZAS Berlin & FU Berlin schwabe@zas.gwz berlin.

On the interpretations of embedded questions in German. Kerstin Schwabe & Robert Fittler ZAS Berlin & FU Berlin schwabe@zas.gwz berlin. On the interpretations of embedded questions in German Kerstin Schwabe & Robert Fittler ZAS Berlin & FU Berlin schwabe@zas.gwz berlin.de RobertFittler@netscape.net t t 1 Introduction 1.1Force of consistency

More information

Pragmatic analysis of hotel websites in terms of interpersonal relationships. Theses of the PhD dissertation by. Kovács Péterné Dudás Andrea

Pragmatic analysis of hotel websites in terms of interpersonal relationships. Theses of the PhD dissertation by. Kovács Péterné Dudás Andrea Pragmatic analysis of hotel websites in terms of interpersonal relationships Theses of the PhD dissertation by Kovács Péterné Dudás Andrea Eötvös Loránd University Faculty of Humanities Doctoral School

More information

At present, the research nucleus on connectives in the Grammar Department of the IDS consists of three thematically inter-related projects:

At present, the research nucleus on connectives in the Grammar Department of the IDS consists of three thematically inter-related projects: ON THE SYNTAX AND SEMANTICS OF SENTENCE CONNECTIVES Hardarik Blühdorn Institut für Deutsche Sprache Mannheim 1. Introduction In this paper, I will give an overview of some aspects of the syntax and semantics

More information

CURRICULUM VITAE SILKE BRANDT

CURRICULUM VITAE SILKE BRANDT CURRICULUM VITAE SILKE BRANDT CONTACT Silke Brandt, PhD English Department Nadelberg 6 CH-4051 Basel Switzerland silke.brandt@unibas.ch POSITIONS 2011-present Postdoctoral researcher English Department

More information

Paul Kussmaul. Becoming a competent translator in a B.A. course. 1. Introduction

Paul Kussmaul. Becoming a competent translator in a B.A. course. 1. Introduction Paul Kussmaul Becoming a competent translator in a B.A. course 1. Introduction Becoming a translator involves a process, and processes can be divided into stages. Stages play a central role in teaching

More information

Topological Field Chunking in German

Topological Field Chunking in German Topological Field Chunking in German Jorn Veenstra, Frank H. Müller, Tylman Ule [veenstra,fhm,ule]@sfs.uni-tuebingen.de ESSLLI Summerschool Workshop on Machine Learning Approaches in Computational Linguistics

More information

Early Morphological Development

Early Morphological Development Early Morphological Development Morphology is the aspect of language concerned with the rules governing change in word meaning. Morphological development is analyzed by computing a child s Mean Length

More information

Learning and Inference for Clause Identification

Learning and Inference for Clause Identification Learning and Inference for Clause Identification Xavier Carreras Lluís Màrquez Technical University of Catalonia (UPC) Vasin Punyakanok Dan Roth University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (UIUC) ECML 2002

More information

Linguistic Research with CLARIN. Jan Odijk MA Rotation Utrecht, 2015-11-10

Linguistic Research with CLARIN. Jan Odijk MA Rotation Utrecht, 2015-11-10 Linguistic Research with CLARIN Jan Odijk MA Rotation Utrecht, 2015-11-10 1 Overview Introduction Search in Corpora and Lexicons Search in PoS-tagged Corpus Search for grammatical relations Search for

More information

HOW TO DESIGN LEXICAL AND CONSTRUCTIONAL TEMPLATES A STEP BY STEP GUIDE. Ricardo Mairal and Francisco Ruiz de Mendoza

HOW TO DESIGN LEXICAL AND CONSTRUCTIONAL TEMPLATES A STEP BY STEP GUIDE. Ricardo Mairal and Francisco Ruiz de Mendoza 1 HOW TO DESIGN LEXICAL AND CONSTRUCTIONAL TEMPLATES A STEP BY STEP GUIDE Ricardo Mairal and Francisco Ruiz de Mendoza 1. The motivation: Why do we need lexical templates? 1.1. Lexical templates grow out

More information

Chapter 1. Introduction. 1.1. Topic of the dissertation

Chapter 1. Introduction. 1.1. Topic of the dissertation Chapter 1. Introduction 1.1. Topic of the dissertation The topic of the dissertation is the relations between transitive verbs, aspect, and case marking in Estonian. Aspectual particles, verbs, and case

More information

A Mapping of CIDOC CRM Events to German Wordnet for Event Detection in Texts

A Mapping of CIDOC CRM Events to German Wordnet for Event Detection in Texts A Mapping of CIDOC CRM Events to German Wordnet for Event Detection in Texts Martin Scholz Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nürnberg Digital Humanities Research Group Outline Motivation: information

More information

Usability Evaluation of Modeling Languages

Usability Evaluation of Modeling Languages Usability Evaluation of Modeling Languages Bearbeitet von Christian Schalles 1. Auflage 2012. Taschenbuch. XXIII, 183 S. Paperback ISBN 978 3 658 00050 9 Format (B x L): 0 x 0 cm Gewicht: 275 g Weitere

More information

Paraphrasing controlled English texts

Paraphrasing controlled English texts Paraphrasing controlled English texts Kaarel Kaljurand Institute of Computational Linguistics, University of Zurich kaljurand@gmail.com Abstract. We discuss paraphrasing controlled English texts, by defining

More information

Syntactic subcategorization of noun+verb multiwords: description, classification and extraction from text corpora

Syntactic subcategorization of noun+verb multiwords: description, classification and extraction from text corpora Syntactic subcategorization of noun+verb multiwords: description, classification and extraction from text corpora Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski 1, Ulrich Heid 2 Universität Stuttgart, IMS Abstract It

More information

A semantic typology of sentence connectives *

A semantic typology of sentence connectives * The final version of this article has been published in: Harden, Theo & Elke Hentschel (eds.). 40 Jahre Partikelforschung. Tübingen, Stauffenburg, 2010, pp. 215-231. Hardarik Blühdorn A semantic typology

More information

The University of Toronto. Fall 2009/German 100 Y

The University of Toronto. Fall 2009/German 100 Y The University of Toronto Fall 2009/German 100 Y Texts: Deutsch Na Klar!, (5th. edition) Di Donato, Clyde and Vansant. McGraw-Hill College One notebook GER 100 Course Coordinator: Mike Hager, 324 Odette

More information

Introduction VOLKER GAST. 1. Central questions addressed in this issue

Introduction VOLKER GAST. 1. Central questions addressed in this issue ZAA 54.2 (2006): 113-120 VOLKER GAST Introduction 1. Central questions addressed in this issue Corpus linguistics has undoubtedly become one of the most important and most widely used empirical methods

More information

Subject Examination and Academic Regulations for the Research on Teaching and Learning Master s Programme at the Technische Universität München

Subject Examination and Academic Regulations for the Research on Teaching and Learning Master s Programme at the Technische Universität München Page 1 The version is provided merely as a convenience and is not intended to be a legally binding document. Subject Examination and Academic Regulations for the Research on Teaching and Learning Master

More information