Development and experience of Biomass Gasification in Metso Power

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1 Development and experience of Biomass Gasification in Metso Power International seminar on Gasification 9-10 October 2008 in Malmö, Sweden Pekka Saarivirta Development and experience of Biomass Gasification in Metso Power Metso Power History of Gasification in Metso Tampella experience Götaverken experience View on gasification today Recent Development Waste gasification Biomass gasification 2 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

2 Metso - a global technology company We serve the pulp and paper industry, rock and minerals processing, the energy and selected other industries Net sales approx. EUR 6,250 million in 2007 We operate in 50 countries with over 27,000 employees Listed on the OMX Nordic Exchange in Helsinki Some 26,000 shareholders 3 16/10/ Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Metso Paper Consolidation and continuous development 4 4 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

3 From Tampella/Götaverken to Metso Power TAMPELLA GÖTAVERKEN 1994 TAMPELLA POWER KVAERNER PULPING 1996 KVAERNER POWER METSO POWER Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Metso Power 6 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

4 7 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. History of Gasification in Metso Power TAMPELLA POWER Tampere pilot plant 15 MWth pressurized FB gasifier Biomass and coal gasification development Hot gas cleaning development GÖTAVERKEN Atmospheric CFB gasification development Värö lime kiln gasifier 1987 ENVIROPOWER Founded by Tampella Power and Vattenfall 1992 Upkeep Gasification know-how Now owned by Metso Power NEW DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY Initiated 2002 Biomass gasification for limekilns Biomass gasification for power production Waste gasification Fuel drying Gas cleaning METSO POWER GASIFIER 8 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

5 Limekiln operation with biogas Energy 9 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Biomass Gasifier for Lime Kiln Limekiln is easy to switch for gasification gas size is usually feasible and fuel is typically available. At 1980 s, during second oil crisis, several gasifiers were built, in order to replace oil with biomass. At Värö, Södra Cell Sweden, Metso Gasifier (Götaverken) has been in use from => Over 20 years of industrial experience. 10 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

6 Biomass gasifier Värö mill existing and operating reference Drum type dryer Gasifier Solid fuel Solid fuel Product gas Gas transport Product gas Burner in lime kiln 11 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Limekiln gasifier- Economy today tn/a pulp mill Bio HFO Fuel MWh Fuel unit cost /MWh Annual fuel cost M 5,0 15,8 CO2 emission/mwh tco2/mwh 0,0000 0,2786 Annual CO2 emission tco2/a CO2 credit /tco Annual CO2 cost M 0,0 2,0 Consumables (Electricity, lime etc.) M /a 0,8 0,0 Total M /a 5,8 17,7 Annual savings if bio selected M /a 11,9 Estimated investment M - Gasifier Dryer (based on waste heat) Fuel handing etc. 2-4 TOTAL INVESTMENT Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

7 Cofiring in PC boilers through gasification Dirty gas application Based on proven technology No cleaning needed High share of bio is possible Main boiler operation is not effected Easy adaptation, no long downtimes Biofuel Air Coal remains as main fuel New burner(s) for biogas. 13 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Clean gas applications Fuel feed Waste Bio CFB Gasifier Air Clean product gas No alkaliclorides No heavy metals (except Hg, Pb,Zn) No dust No fear for corrosion No risk for contamination Possible to substitute light oil, propane or NG Gas cleaning Alkali removal Pb, Zn removal Cl removal 14 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

8 High efficiency boiler for waste or for high alkali/high chlorine biofuels Projects under consideration: Mälarenergi (200 MW fuel, waste) Lahti Energia (160 MW fuel, waste) Post combustion Gas cleaning Fuel feed Waste Bio CFB Gasifier Air Main boiler: High steam parameters Clean fuel for gas burners No corrosion Gas cleaning Alkali removal Pb, Zn removal Cl removal 15 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. High efficiency boiler for waste Development activities Fuel feed CFB Gasifier Main boiler Corrosion Fuel mixture selection MP material selection tool - STEAMX Fuel feed Gas cooler / Gas cleaning Temperature window selection Material selection Mechanical design Cleaning system design => Värö test rig 16 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

9 Värö test rig Metso Power will construct a test rig for gas cleaning tests and demonstration into Södra Cells Värö mill. Test rig will be connected as a slip stream unit to the operational Metso Gasifier feeding a lime kiln. Test rig will an industrial size demonstration of clean gas production through biomass gasification. Construction of the test rig is now underway. This 10 Msek + project is hosted by Södra Cell and financially supported by Energimyndigheten, Sweden. Metso Power will be owner and operator of the test rig. 17 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Värö test rig AIR 20 C 2 kg/s OIL ADDIT IVE BA RK DRYE R CFB- GASIFIER 3,6 kg/s AIR PREHEA TER To be built in Värö gasification plant 2008 Full scale filter elements in real conditions Continues industrial use 1,7 (dry kg/s content ~90%) 800 C 0,3 0,5 kg/s C GAS COOLER FAN LIME KILN BURNER SÖDRA CELL VÄRÖ C CLEANING TEST RIG TEST RIG TO GASIFIER REV 0 / PRELIMINARY BOTTOM ASH COOLING WATER STEAM N2 AIR ASH / PARTICLES WATER(STEAM?) FROM HEATERS WATER FROM COOLERS SEALING WATER 18 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

10 Värö test rig At Värö, Södra Cell Sweden, Metso Gasifier (Götaverken) has been in use from Area for gas cleaning test rig. 19 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö. Biorefinary still a long way to go? 20 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

11 Biorefinary still a long way to go? Several development projects in pulp and paper industry - Economical scale? - How to combine technologies for one working solution? - Tars and other impurities? OXYGEN STEAM ADDITIVE FUEL PRIMARY TECHNICAL CONCERN EXISTING TECHNOLOGY IN REFINERY INDUSTRY SCALE? TAR /DUST REMOVA L METHANE REFORMIN G GAS CLEANIN G FINAL UPGRADIN G PRODUC T 21 Metso Corporation 2007 Juhani Isaksson / International Seminar on Gasification Malmö.

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