(Sindh Madressatul Islam University Karachi, Pakistan)

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "(Sindh Madressatul Islam University Karachi, Pakistan)"

Transcription

1 Impacts of Internet Usage on Youth Behavior: A Case Study of University Students in Karachi Authors: A.Abbas 1, Dr. K.F. Mamdani 2, S.Mahmood 3, M.Imran 4 1 (M.S Scholar, Department of Media Studies) (Sindh Madressatul Islam University Karachi, Pakistan) 2 (Asst Prof, Department Of Sociology) (University of Karachi, Pakistan) (kfmamdani.uok.edu.pk) 3 (M.phil Scholar, Department of Mass Communication) (institute of Southern Punjab, Pakistan) 4 (M.Sc. Sociology, Department Of Sociology) (Ghazi University, D.G. Khan, Pakistan) ABSTRACT: Introduction: The Internet has become an effective and powerful tool because it contains the rich resource of information in the world and it provides a medium to the people to communicate with each other. Present study examined the impact of excessive usage of on the youth s behavior. Internet has many positive and negative impacts but its inappropriate usage can be harmful for the youth. Methodology: In order to assess the impacts of usage on youth behavior present study was conducted in three Universities of Karachi. A sample size of 180 students (both male & female) aged years was selected to investigate the objective of the study. Well-structured questionnaire was used for the data collection. Stratified sampling technique was adopted for data collection consisting of 60 respondents from each stratum. After the data collection data was analyzed through SPSS. Findings: Results of the study showed that 34.4%, 60.6%, & 5% students belonged from nuclear, joint and extended family respectively. Majority of the respondents fifty five (55.6%) were those students who responded that they spend 1-3 hours daily on, 53.3% students said that usage of has changed their living patterns,51.7% said that they had become addicted to the usage. Chi-square values (34.813) showed a significant association between the students spend time daily on and their daily routine work. Chi-square values (24.364) showed a significant association between student s time spending daily on and less socialization with their parents. Values: It is suggested that students should get maximum benefits from this tremendous invention in this modern world. They should use for a reasonable time so that the excessive usage of Internet may not affect their health and their academics. Teachers and Parents should aware the youth about the adverse impacts of excessive usage of. 1

2 Key words: Youth; Usage of Internet; Behavior; Time Spending; Socialization 1. Introduction: Internet has brought revolution in the lives of human being. With this facility of now everyone has access across the globe and he can get information just on the click. Through the easily availability of information on now everybody has access and chance to improve their knowledge, physical, cognitive and social abilities. The Internet has become easiest fastest and an effective tool of communication among the people. Through social media sites now everyone can communicate across the globe among each other. The Internet is also helping to improve the business and trade through online business activities (Coget et al. (2002). The Internet has become an effective and powerful tool because it contains the rich resource of information in the world and it provides a medium to the people to communicate with each other. Now a day s has become an important element in the life of every individual. With the passage of time changes are being introduced in the field of technology. With the emerging trend of latest technology these rising changes has a great influence on our health and it brings a lot of changes in our daily routine life as well. Likewise technology has a great influence in our daily life. Excessive Internet usage impacts on the life of people are rising worldwide. There are also some advantages and disadvantages of. Many of the researchers have explored in their researches that excessive usage of has a great influence on the physical, cognitive and social development of children. More and Nalawade, (2012) explored in his study that teenagers mostly spend their time on while playing games, listening music and to meet with new people on social net working. Internet contains several risks for the youth likewise sexually explicit material and cyber bullying (More and Nalawade, 2012). Singh and Prajina, (2013) study stated that in the modern era, it is very difficult to keep away from the facility of. Although the Internet has become a rich sources of information for every individual personal but the addiction of Internet can put a negative impact on their life for the purpose of social interaction, news, entertainment and information has become an effective source (Tsitsika et al., 2009). Internet has brought revolution in the lives of human being. With this facility of now everyone has access across the globe and he can get information just on the click. It s an era of globalization. Internet has squeezed the distances of miles and now we can access everywhere. So by keeping all these things in our mind it s very difficult to decide that either has become boon or bane for human kind. Internet itself has its own world and due to the advanced features and facilities people have become addict of it and most of the time they spend on usage (Nain, 2014). People of all age groups are using this facility of. The basic purpose of this invention was just to make the easiest and fastest mode of passing messages from one place to another place in a very short time. But with the passage of time in recent scenario of the modern world is being used for multi purposes like online shopping, e learning, entertainment, news, researches, games, videos, chatting, online calls etc. it s a merit of an that now a day s everyone has access to know things in a very short time period which was so difficult before this to know about the things and it was a costly and time taking process. But in the modern era has bought a revolution in the life of mankind. Everyone can get information 2

3 and news while sitting at home or office that what is happening around the world. Everything has its own merits and demerits, similarly has its advantage and disadvantages and it is helping us in different ways. Similarly it is distracting some people from the core of their aim (Regoniel, 2017). The is a powerful and inexpensive way for people to make contacts, sharing of information, and exchanging ideas among each other. Although access is still limited in many countries, yet globally young people are increasingly view the as an important source for health information. Open to all age groups it serves it purpose well. 1.1 Statement of the Problem: This present study will examine to find out the impact of excessive usage of on the youth s behavior. Internet has many positive and negative aspects but its wrong usage can be dangerous. Internet has brought changes in the life of youth and it is a rich source of information as well but unfortunately it is being misused by the today s youth. Present study will examine the impacts of excessive usage of on youth. Issues that are expected to arise out of this research include disclosure to knotty materials, wastage of time, online oppression of youth, social isolation, depression, loneliness, and disclosure to dangerous online behaviors, the emergence of digital divide and generation gap between parents and the youth. 1.2 Goal and Objectives of the Study: The goal of this study is to explore the impact and implications of usage on the youth of Karachi. Specific Objectives: 1. To find out how the youth of Karachi use in their daily lives 2. To find out the impacts of excessive usage of on behavior changes among the Karachi youths. 3. To determine the risks that comes with use of excessive use of usage on the Karachi youth. 1.3 Hypotheses: 1. Higher the students spent their time on usage, greater will be the effect on studies. 2. Spending excessive time daily on has greater impact on daily routine work 3. There is a significant relationship between Spending excessive time daily on and less socialization with their parents 1.4 Justification of the Study: Finding of the present research will be much helpful to find out the effects on excessive usage of on the youth behavioral change. The findings of present study may also be helpful to the policy makers in government for educators and scholars in developing curriculum, doctors dealing with counseling of the youth to know which tools to use to effectively communicate for youth and researchers who will be interested in this field of knowledge. 2. Literature Reviews: The objective of the literature review is to analyze the literature related to the present research. It provided guidance and gives most relevant information to the researches. The has become a rich source of information and a powerful way for users to make contacts, sharing of information, and exchanging ideas among each other. Nain, (2014) revealed in his study that information of everything is available on the but it has to be remembered that it has its own dark side too. Although the has become an effective source of information and entertainment. For those people who have productive and cognitive minds, the facility of offers them a variety of opportunities to achieve their goal. Regoniel, (2017) stated in his study that many of the wicked individual are exploiting the usage for illegal activities as well. Findings of Nain, (2014) revealed that with the latest advancements and explorations of, it serves as a distraction for students too in their academic life and behavioral change in 2

4 the society. Students want to be remaining online with the no interruption and they seem to never the net go off while using social networking sites or any of the gaming sites. Excessive usage of surfing is just wasting the time. This excessive usage of distracts the students from their studies and it adversely affects their academic performance as well (Nain, 2014).Nie and Erbring (2000) concluded that In United States user spend their most of the time on surfing, so due to their excessive usage of they could not make contact with in their respective society and social environment. Even weekly time only 2-5, can be identified this effect too, and spent more than 10 hours per week for men, the impact generosity. According to Pew Research Center (2000), it is highlighted that social relations and social network can be improved and expanded through the usage of in this modern era. Findings of the study revealed that excessive usage of isolate these users but these users have a lot social contacts and have a greater social support as compared to the non users of. Goodson et al. (2001) concluded that almost Forty-three percent (43.5%) of students search pornographic material through off and on but they were not habitual or addicted to search these materials on but only 2.9% students responded that they search pornographic related material frequently. Coget et al. (2002) concluded that the social lives of adolescent, usage of and digital networking have become an essential part of youth daily routine life. This suspicion was negative (based on the use of time and entertainment) and active (communication using) the relationship between the relationship between interpersonal and organizational partners. Nie and Hillygus (2002) explored that online interaction through and social media can also play a vital role to make social contact with each other. Internet users can be face to social contact with other people in the cafe face, while the use of technology. Social networking and face this combination that characterizes Internet cafe adoption patterns can be another factor contributing to the lack of evidence to be the negative impact of perception and loneliness. Future studies should consider recommendations for the individual face control social participation face, or include it as an operating variables simultaneous analysis of use only. Tyler (2002) concluded that it s a common discussion on the print and electronic media about the impact of usage on, social, cultural and behavioral change of youth. With the emerging trend of usage among youth its also changing their life style as well through the usage of on social networking they try to adopt and surf new fashions, eating habits and hairstyle as well. Bargh and McKenna (2004) stated that the Internet is the technological modern form of communication among the following the telegraph, telephone, radio, and television. Internet contains the features of all above old methods of communication and it has squeezed the distances among the people. We place the Internet in its historical context, and then examine the effects of Internet use on the user's psychological well-being, the formation and maintenance of personal relationships, group memberships and social identity, the workplace, and community involvement. The evidence suggests that while these effects are largely dependent on the particular goals that users bring to the interaction-such as self-expression, affiliation, or competition-they also interact in important ways with the unique qualities of the Internet communication situation. According to the finding of Moody (2004), it is highlighted that social and behavioral change was also assessed with the excessive usage of. Present 3

5 study support that excessive usage of decreases the social well being although it is being used an effective tool of communication. Bjorn et al. (2005) stated that purpose of Indonesian market of is to spread and share the information through the in underdeveloped countries. According to Nain, (2014) Almost information of everything is available on the but it has to be remembered that it has its own dark side too. Although the has become an effective source of information and entertainment. For those people who have productive and cognitive minds, the facility of offers them a variety of opportunities to achieve their goal. Regoniel, (2017) stated in his study that many of the wicked individual are exploiting the usage for illegal activities as well. Findings of Nain, (2014) revealed that with the latest advancements and explorations of, it serves as a distraction for students too in their academic life and behavioral change in the society. Students want to be remaining online with the no interruption and they seem to never the net go off while using social networking sites or any of the gaming sites. Excessive usage of surfing is just wasting the time. This excessive usage of distracts the students from their studies and it adversely effects their academic performance as well. (Nain, 2014). Teenagers who log at least five hours a day online are one and one half times more likely to become depressed than those who use the web moderately. 3. Research Methodology: This study was designed to determine the impacts of usage among the youth on behavioral change a case study of university students in Karachi. Karachi is the biggest city and most populous city of Pakistan and it has a population of 24 million and it is comprised of different ethnicities and identities from all over the Pakistan. Researcher selected a particular universe for data collection which were University of Karachi, Sindh Madresatul Islam University & Benazir Bhuttu Shaheed Lyari University. Wellstructured questionnaire was used for the data collection. An estimate of 180 respondents were administered by using stratified random sampling technique, consists of 60 respondents from each stratum. SPSS was used for data analysis. After data analysis, it is presented in the shape of appropriate charts and graph. 4. Results and Discussion: The purpose of this chapter is to give a general and comprehensive profile of the sample. Before analyzing the relationship between the independent and dependent variables it seems to give federal information about the sample. The sample of the present study consisted of 180 respondents. Table 4.1: Socioeconomic Characteristics of the Respondents (N = 180) Variab le Freq uenc y Perc enta ge Varia ble Frequ ency Perce ntage Age Group Gender Boy Years Years Girl Education Family Type Interm Nucl ediate ear Gradu Joint ation Master Exte nded The survey data indicates that majority of the respondents i.e. more than eighty five (85.6%) were male and more than fourteen (14.4%) were females. Here, from table 4.1 data shows that, 60.6% of the users are from joint family, 34.4% are from nuclear family and 5.0% of the respondents are from extended family. Table4.2. Factors Responsible For Behavioral Change (n=180) Vari Frequ Perce able ency ntage Time spend daily on Less than 1 yr Less than 1 yr. Vari able Frequ ency Perce ntage Years of using

6 hrs. yrs. 4-6 yrs yrs hrs. yrs hrs. yrs This table 4.2 shows that majority of the respondents i.e. more than fifty five (55.6%) were those respondents who spend 1-3 hours in a day on, more than thirty eight (38.9%) of the respondents spend less than 1 hour in a day on, more than three (3.9%) of the respondents spend 4-6 hours in a day on, more than one (1.1%) of the respondents spend 7-9 hours in a day on and less than one (0.6%) of the respondents spend more than 10 hours in a day on. Data shows that majority of the respondents i.e. more than fifty five (55.6%) spend 1-3 hours in a day on. The survey data indicates that, respondents use online services average 3.70 hours in a day. It means that respondents will be much isolated, when they spend more times on This table also shows that more than thirty one (31.1%) of the respondents are using 1-2 years, more than twenty eight (28.9%) of the respondents are using less than 1 year, more than twenty six (26.7%) of the respondents are using 3-4 years, more than seven (7.2%) of the respondents are using 5-6 years, five (5.0%) of the respondents are using 7-8 years and more than one (1.1%) of the respondents are using 9-10 years. Data shows that more than thirty one (31.1%) of the respondents were they are using 1-2 years. Table 4.3: Usage of Internet for Study Purpose (N = 180) To Great Extent To Some Extent Not At All This table 4.3 shows that majority of the respondents more than fifty one (51.1%) said that they use for study purpose to great extent, thirty one (31.1%) responded to some time and seventeen (17.8%) of the respondents said that they did not use for study purpose at all. Table4.4: Usage of Internet on Changing Living Patterns (N = 180) To Great Extent To Some Extent Not At All 1 6 Table 4.4 shows that majority of the respondents more than fifty three (53.3%) said that Internet usage effect on their living patterns to some extent, 46.1% to great extent and (0.6%) responded that usage does not change their living pattern. Table 4.5: Spending more time using than talking to parents (N = 180) To Great Extent To Some Extent Not At All Above mentioned table 4.5 explore that sixty two (62.2%) respondents said to great extent, thirty five (35.0%) of the respondents said to some extent that they prefer spending their most of the time while using rather than talking to their parents while two (2.8%) of the respondents said that they are not spending more time using than talking to their parents at all. Table 4.6: Addicted to be online (N = 180) To Great Extent To Some Extent Not At All It is also indicated in the above mentioned table 4.6 that majority of the respondents fifty one (51.7%) respondents said that they are addicted to be online to great extent, more than forty six (46.7%) to great extent and (1.7%) of the respondents said that they are not addicted to be online at all. With every passing day no one can deny from the importance of so tats why the youth is becoming addicted to be online. Table 4.7: Internet has made the Studies easier (N = 180) 5

7 To Great Extent To Some Extent Not At All Above table 4.7 shows that majority of the respondents fifty six (56.7%) said that has made the education easier to great extent, forty one (41.7%) responded as to some extent and one (1.7%) of the respondents said that they do not think so that has made the education easier at all. Table 4.8: Late night usage of has impact on health (N = 180) To Great Extent To Some Extent Above Table 4.8 highlights that majority of the respondents ninety two (92.2%) said that late night usage of has an impact on health to great extent and seven (7.8%) responded to some extent and it reveal that late night usage of has a great effect on the health of student and further respondents reveal that of sleep deprivation increases. Hypothesis 1 Null Hypothesis: Students spending their time on usage has no effect on studies Alternative Hypothesis: Higher the students spent their time on usage, greater will be the effect on studies Table 4.9: Relationship between daily time spending on and effect on studies Time spending daily on Less than 1 hr. 1-3 hrs. 4-6 hrs. 7-9 hrs. 10+ hrs. Total Internet has made the studies easier To great extent To some extent Not at all Total % % % % % 55.5 % % 1.6 % % % % % % % % Chi-square = 6.013, DF= 8 Gamma Value = 1.000, p-value = The independence test has been used to test the given data in above table The Chi square test is used for the both variable. The value of chi square is which is lesser than its table value at 8 degree of freedom and calculated P value is level of significance, therefore the null hypothesis Spending time on daily has no effect on the studies has been accepted and the alternate hypothesis was rejected. Hypothesis 2 Null Hypothesis: Spending excessive time daily on has no impact on daily routine work Alternative Hypothesis: Spending excessive time daily on has greater impact on daily routine work Table 4.10: Relationship between time spending in a day on and an impact on your daily routine work Time spending daily on Less than 1 hrs. Internet has an impact on daily routine work To To Not great some at extent extent all Total hours hours hours hours Total Chi square: ; DF= 8; p-value: 0.000; Co relation coefficient: 0.403; The independence test has been used to test the given data in above table The Chi square test is used for the both variable. The value of chi square is which is higher than its table value at 8 degree of freedom and calculated P value is level of significance, therefore the alternate hypothesis Spending excessive time on has an effects on the daily routine work is accepted and the null hypothesis is rejected. Hypothesis 3 6

8 Alternative Hypothesis: There is a significant relationship between Spending excessive time daily on and less socialization with their parents Table 4.11: Relationship between time spending daily on and less socialization with parents Time spending daily on Less than 1 hours Spending more time using than talking to their parents To great extent To some extent Not at all Total 1-3 hours hours hours hrs Total Chi square: ; DF= 8; Sig level: 0.002; Co relation coefficient: The independence test has been used to test the given data in above table The Chi square test is used for the both variable. The value of chi square is which is higher than its table value at 8 degree of freedom and calculated P value is level of significance, therefore the alternate hypothesis There is a significant relationship between Spending excessive time in a day on and less socialization with their parents is accepted and the null hypothesis is rejected. 5. Conclusion & Recommendations: The Internet has become an effective and powerful tool because it contains the rich resource of information in the world and it provides a medium to the people to communicate with each other. With advancement in information technology has made this world global village. This is a universal fact that the use of has a great impact on the student s academic achievement and social life. Over the last ten years, the uprising of information technology has resulted in innovations that are having progressively more visible possessions not only in examine, but on the things interconnected to everyday life of Pakistani society. With the emerging trend of latest technology these rising changes has a great influence on our health and it brings a lot of changes in our daily routine life as well. Likewise technology has a great influence in our daily life. Excessive Internet usage impacts on the life of people are rising worldwide. There are also some advantages and disadvantages of. Many of the researchers have explored in their researches that excessive usage of has a great influence on the physical, cognitive and social development of children. The students should make the right usage of. The excessive usage of decreases the interaction among the family and others peer groups. The youth should be prevented from seeing the porn sites. They must know the right usage of the should use it for current information, study purpose and for other social activities. The youth should realize that through more use should make interruption in the daily routine of work. It is observed in these recent researches that excessive usage of reduces the importance of their families in their lives. It is also observed that brings about change in the living patterns of youth. Internet has great impact on the health and it can contribute positive and negative impact on the behavioral change on the youth. Although it is the best way of communication as well as making the youth isolated. 5.1 Study Suggestions: Internet is a marvelous invention in this modern era. It provides lots of benefits to user. The user should get the benefits from Internet to maximum level. They should not waste their precious time and money for unnecessary sites. They should use it for a reasonable time so that the excessive use of Internet may not affect their health and study. The 7

9 several techniques to treat Internet addiction are, practice the opposite time in Internet use, use external stoppers, set goals, abstain from a particular application, use reminder cards, develop a personal inventory, enter a support group, and family therapy. References: 1. Alam, S. S., N. Mohd, H. N. Hashim, M. Ahmad, C. A. C. Wel, S. M. Nor and N. A. Omar Negative and positive impact of addiction on young adults: Empirical study in Malaysia. Intangible Capital; 10(3): Bargh, J. A and K. Y McKenna The and social life. Annual Review of Psychology; 55: Bjorn, F., K. Stein and W. Fathul Information dissemination in developing society: Internet Café Users in Indonesia. The electronic journal on information systems in developing countries; 22(3): Coget, J. F., Y. Yamauchi and M. Suman The Internet, social networks and loneliness. Information technology and Society; 1(1): Goodson, P., D. McCormick and A. Evans Searching for sexually explicit materials on the : An exploratory study of college student s behavior and attitudes. Archives of Sexual Behavior; 30(2): Moody, E. J Internet use and its relationship to loneliness. Cyber Psychology and Behavior; 4(3): More, M. M and K. M. Nalawade Study of use and health related implications of users. International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering; 2(11): Nain, S Ten negative effects of on students. Retrieved from: 9. Nie, N. H and L. Erbring Internet and society: A preliminary report. Journal of Information Technology and society; 1(1): Nie, N. H and S, Hillygus The impact of Internet use on sociability: Time-diary findings. Information technology Society; 1(1): Pew Research Center Tracking online Life: How women use the Internet to cultivate relationships with family and friends. Retrieved from: eport_display.asp?r = Singh, J. G. P and P. V. Prajina. A study on the impact of addiction among adolescents. International Journal of Scientific Research; 2(8): Tsitsika, A., E. Critselis, G. Kormas, A. T. Filippopoulou, A. Freskou, T. Spiliopoulou, A. Louizou, E. Konstantoulaki and D. Kafetzis Internet use and misuse: a multivariate regression analysis of the predictive factors of Internet use among Greek adolescents. European Journal of Pediatrics; 168: Tyler, T. R Is the changing social life? It seems the more things change, the more they stay the same. Journal of Social Issues; 58(1): Zheng, Y., D. Wei, J. Li, T. Zhu and H. Ning Internet use and its impact on individual physical health. Special Section on Heterogeneous Crowd Sourced Data Analytics; 4: