The new gold standard? Empirically situating the TPP in the investment treaty universe

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1 Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies Center for Trade and Economic Integration Working Paper Series Working Paper N IHEIDCTEI The new gold standard? Empirically situating the TPP in the investment treaty universe Wolfgang Alschner Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, World Trade Institute Dmitriy Skougarevskiy Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies, Institute for the Rule of Law at European University at St. Petersburg Rue de Lausanne 132 P.O. Box 136 CH Geneva 21 Geneva, Switzerland c The Authors. All rights reserved. Working Papers describe research in progress by the author(s) and are published to elicit comments and to further debate. No part of this paper may be reproduced without the permission of the authors.

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3 1 /3 MegaRegionalTradeAgreements_Report_2014.pdf fact-sheet-how-trans-pacific-partnership-tpp-boosts-made-america-exports Pages/summary-of-the-tpp-agreement.aspx things you should know about the TPP (Final).pdf

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19 Index Coded Scores NAFTA SGP VNM BIT AUS VNM BIT MYS VNM BIT CAN CHL FTA AUS PER BIT AUS CHL BIT CHL NZL NZL SGP BIT FTA CHL VNM BIT CAN PER CAN PER AUS CHL BIT FTA USA SGP USA CHL FTA USA PER FTA JPN CHL FTA ASEAN AUS NZL NZL MYS FTA FTA JPN MEX FTA ASEAN JPN SGP FTA JPN BRN JPN PER FTA BIT JPN MYS FTA SGP PER FTA JPN VNM BIT USA AUS FTA AUS SGP FTA SGP PER BIT MEX AUS BIT TPP AUS NZL FTA JPN AUS FTA AUS MYS FTA MEX SGP BIT Year TPP-entrenching-flaws-18-Nov-FINAL.pdf

20 Index Coded Scores NAFTA CAN CHL FTA CAN UKR CAN TTO CAN ZAF CAN LVA CAN ROU CAN ECU CAN EGY CAN BRB CAN ARM CAN THA CAN PHL USA ALB CAN PAN USA JOR USA GEO USA UZB USA TTO USA HND USA HRV USA AZE USA MOZ USA BOL USA BHR USA SLV USA NIC CAN VEN CAN CRI USA COG USA POL USA ARG USA CZE USA LKA USA ARM USA ROU USA BGR USA KAZ USA MDA USA ECU USA KGZ USA MNG USA UKR USA JAM USA BLR USA EST USA LVA AUT KWT KWT HRV USA LTU CAN SLV USA TUN POL KWT ARE MYS USA RUS KWT ETH FIN KWT CZE KWT CAN HRV CAN URY KWT KAZ CAN LBN BEL MEX IND KWT SWE MOZ KWT BIH UGA ERI CZE MEX USA SGP USA CHL FTA JPN SGP FTA JPN KOR JPN VNM JPN MEX FTA SGP JOR SWE KWT FIN MEX SWE MEX AUT UZB AUT BIH ARE MNG SDN UGA AUT ARM AUT MKD KWT LTU AUT BLZ AUT YEM SVN MDA ESP NAM AUT NAM FIN KGZ FIN NICFIN ARM FIN CHN FIN UKR FIN NGA FIN DZA FIN ETH FIN BLR USA URY CAN PER CAN PER AUS CHL USA RWA CAN JOR FTA JPN MYS FTA AUS MEX FIN ZMB FIN MOZ FIN GTM ISL MEX USA PER FTA JPN CHL fta NZL MSY ASE ANZ CAN ROU CAN LVA FTA JPN KHM JPN LAOASEAN JPN BRN JPN PER FTA USA AUS FTA TTO MEX IND MEX AUS SGP FTA BEL PER GBR MEX SVK MEX SGP PER FTA JPN UZB CAN CZE TWN VCT BEL COL HUN JOR HUN AZE MEX BLR SGP MEX FIN MNG FIN MUS CHN MEX AZE SYR SVK LBN JPN COL CAN SVK JPN PNG AUS NZL FTA SVK KEN AUT KAZ TUR AZE CAN CHN JPN KWT CAN TZA CAN BEN CAN CMR CAN NGA CAN SRB JPN MMR JPN MOZ JPN IRQ JPN SAU AUS MYS FTA CHE EGY AZE SRB TUR TZA TUR BGD TUR GAB CHE KWT CHE ARE FRA MEX AUT MEX PRT MEX GRC MEX KOR MEX DNK MEX AUT CUB AUT AZE FIN BIH ARE ARM AUT GEO AUT SVN AUT JOR FIN DOM FIN TZA ESP NGA CHN TTO ESP JAM AUT MLT FIN NAM ESP BIH CHN GUY ESP ALB KOR KWT AUT ETH BEL ARE BEL LBY BEL GTM BEL MUS BEL SDN LVA GEO FIN SRB BEL NIC SWE ARM ESP MDA DEU TTO BEL ETH FIN JOR HRV AZE IND TTO SWE GEO SVK JOR FIN MNE KWT GEO DEU PAK BEL BRB BEL PAN BEL TJK MKD MAR CHE TTO CZE AZE SVN IND IND NPL ARE ROU CHN ARE POL ARE CZE ARE RUS HUN ARE TJK DNK IND NLD IND CZE IND KWT BGR ESP IND BEL IND CHE MUS DEU MEX ARE TKM CZE MUS AUS IND ARE BLR DNK KWT DNK UGA KWT JOR NLD KWT AUT ARE SVN MLT AUT LBN SWE KGZ DEU THA KOR TTO AUT LBY DEU IRN CZE GTM ARE UKR FRA UGA SWE MUS DEU ETH DEU LBY ISR SRB ITA NIC DEU YEM DEU EGY ARE AZE ISR GTM FIN GEO IND SAU SVK IND DEU OMN ISR AZE ISL INDIND SYR GBR ETH SVK LBY EST MDA ARE BGD CZE LKA IND LTU AUT NGA MAR VNM TUR CMR TUR PAK TTO GTM GBR MAR GBR TUR HUN THA SGP VNM AUS IDN AUS HKG POL SGP AUS LAO GBR IND RUS IND SGP MNG DNK MNG SWE RUS FRA HKG NZL HKG DNK ALB SGP PAK DEU IND DNK NIC FIN BRA CHN MUS DNK ZWE DEU HKG DNK PRK DNK ZAF DNK PAK ESP LBN ITA JOR TUR MAR SGP EGY DNK PHL CHE IND BEL LTU DNK LAO IND MUS IND BGR BEL KAZ BEL PHL DNK EGY CZE MDA DNK SVN BEL MKD DNK DZA DNK TZA BEL BRA IND ARG BEL LBN AUT IND MUS ROU SGP MUS DNK HRV SWE IND SWE BIH IND THA PRT IND ITA BIH AUT OMN GHA BEN DNK CUB NLD MOZ DNK KGZ BEL ARM DNK ETH BEL ZMB CYP LBN GHA GIN LBN BLR FIN MAR ITA TZA DNK MOZ ESP SRB THA PRK ALB UKR AUS LKA CHN BIH CHN CIV CZE NIC ESP IRN FIN IND BWA EGY DNK MAR SGP PER SGP UZB ESP SYR ESP UZB FRA ETH ISR MNG IND HUN IND SRB ISR ETH ITA GTM CHE OMN HRV MAR SWE ETH SWE KAZ CHN BEN DNK BLR BEL SRB BEL AZE DNK BIH BEL BIH ISL LBN CZE CHN KOR SVK BEL UGA SVK BLR SVK SGP ESP ETH IND BIH SVK MAR SVK MYS CZE BHR GRC IND CZE KHM CZE YEM IND MMR CZE SYR DNK MNE ARE VNM CHE CHN CZE GEO SVK MKD SVK SYR CZE SAU TUR SEN EST AZE IND LVA QAT ALB MLT ALB QAT MDA GBR ARG GBR NGA KOR RUS AUS PNG DNK TUR CAN POL DNK POL GBR BDI FIN CZE GBR MNG GRC ROU NOR ROU CHN PNG CAN HUN GBR BHR AUS VNM GBR URY AUS HUN DNK CZE DNK EST THA PER AUS POL NLD JAM GRC CHN DNK GHA DNK MYS GBR ARE UKR EGY DNK UKR ESP CHN KOR UZB POL THA DNK LTU FIN ROU DNK LVA FIN EST FIN LTU FIN LVA SWE VNM GBR ARM GBR HND DNK BGR GBR UKR GBR BRB GBR PER AUS ROU GBR UZB GBR TTO BEL GEO GBR NPL DNK CHL AUS CZE GBR LTU FIN TUR SWE HKG CHE HKG DNK HKG GBR ECU GBR KGZ DNK PER ROU PHL BRB VEN GBR BLR GBR EST GBR ALB GBR TZA GBR ZAF GBR PAK CZE THA GBR LVA ISL CHN SWE OMN ROU MNG GBR OMN GBR GEO GBR SWZ GBR ZWE SWE UKR GBR ROU CUB VNM GBR BGR CHE MEX GBR CUB GBR TKM HUN EGY GBR VEN CHN SRB THA KHM AUS ARG GBR LAO CZE SGP GBR KAZ AUS PER LBN CUB PRT HRV THA PHL GRC LVA GBR CIV IND TKM ISR CHN FIN MDA ITA IND GBR MDA EGY ARM SGP KHM SWE VEN KOR UKR GBR SVN CHE HRV BRB CUB GBR CHL DNK TUN AUT HKG KOR CHL GBR AZE CHN LBN KOR LAO KOR KAZ BEL HKG LBN UKR NLD SVN GRC LTU GBR NIC BEL EST KOR LVA POL IND FIN ARE IND KAZ FIN POL BEL LVA IRL CZE ISR IND SWE ZWE MUS MOZ KOR KHM GRC SVN SGP HUN GBR TON GBR HRV CZE VNM GRC LBN RUS TUR CHE THA SVK CUB MUS PAK ESP HRV BLR EGY CHE PHL IND OMN CZE JOR IND VNM MAR IDN IND ROU IND KGZ IND LKA FIN LBN FIN ALB ITA LBN CZE MNG GBR HKG GBR UGA PHL MMR HRV SRB NLD TUN CZE PRY KOR TZA NLD CHL AUS PAK ISR ROU AUS LTU CZE CRI QAT BIH FIN PHL FIN ZAF KOR MAR SWE ARE SWE SVN CZE ZWE GBR KEN NLD BGR SWE MLT SWE TZA GBR LBN NLD ECU HRV JOR BEL EGY TWN CRI IND MAR CZE PAN PHL PAK QAT PAK BEL ALB CZE SLV IND UZB JAM IDN FIN HRV IND QAT ITA MEX IND IDN MUS SWZ MUS ZWE GBR AGO SWE HRV HRV ZWE SWE THA HRV THA CHE LBN GBR SLE SVN THA NLD PAN GRC BIH IND LAO IND PHL ISR SLV ITA QAT MUS RWA SWE ECU HRV KHM SWE UZB HRV MDA SWE LBN NLD GTM HRV CUB CHN JOR NLD CHN AUS EGY HUN LBN MAR PAK AUS URY CZE CYP IND MNG KOR PAN PRT TUR HRV BLR QAT HRV AUT SAU BEL HRV MLT HRV NLD TZA IND UKR LBN PAK IND HRV FIN ECU DOM MAR SWE ROU GBR GMB GBR VNM CZE MKD GBR SRB NLD NAM QAT GMB KOR ARE BHR THA RUS THA NLD SRB IND TWN HRV LBY NLD LBN BEL THA IND GHA IND YEM BEL BLR GBR BIH NLD BLZ HRV IDN IND CYP HRV LVA IND BLR SWE MNG MUS EGY DEU CHN GBR VUT NLD KOR IND ARM CHE BIH CHN DJI FIN AZE CHE DOM GBR MOZ CHN UGA SMR HRV CHN TUN PAK KHM TUR LBN KOR BFA CHN LVA PAK LAO IND BHR KOR COD CHE GUY CHN PRK GRC JOR KOR HRV HKG THA SRB EGY NLD SUR AUS TUR THA JOR MAR GMB NLD DOM KOR LBN CHN IND IND JOR ITA BHRIND LBY LTU BIH SWE SAU SWE PAN NLD MAC IND MKD IND BRN IND SEN LVA KGZ SVK BIH QAT MNE CHN MLT IND MOZ IND BGD FIN HKG KWT TUR PRT COG MLT SRB BHR TKM PRT SEN SMR BIH DEU SWZ KOR ROU CHN TUR GBR CZE CAN CZE THA LAO KOR MNG SWE ARG CAN ARG THA VNM KOR TUR TUR TUN NLD VEN NLD CZE BEL CYP KOR IDN ISR HUN ISR POL MYS VNM CHN ARG KOR CHN SWE EST TUR HUN JOR ROU NLD ARG NLD HKG NLD NGA KOR CZE DEU JAM SWE LTU NLD BOL NLD POL SWE IDN SWE LVA TUR ALB HUN IDN POL IDN ARG ARM GRC BGR ARG ROU HUN ROU KOR VNM ARG BGR GRC EGY DNK VNM HUN MYS CHE ROU GRC RUS CZE ROU HUN PRY KOR PER POL MYS SVK HUN CZE HUN CZE EGY EST CHN PRT CZE KOR LTU ISR BGR FIN VNM FIN ARG FIN KOR HUN MNG GRC GEO ROU VNM HUN VNM CHE NAM DEU KWT DEU NAM KOR ARG CHN EGY HUN UKR HRV ROU POL VNM SWE BLR TUR BGR NLD ROU SVK ROU DEU BRB DNK VEN NLD BGD LBN ROU CZE UKR ESP CUB HUN KAZ CHL HRV NLD PER CZE EST CZE ALB CHN IDN IDN EGY CZE LTU ISR UKR NLD IDN SVK IDN CZE LVA ISR UZB FIN THA ISR EST ISR LTU ISR LVA MYS MNG SWE KOR HUN MDA DEU ZWE POL MNG NOR RUS DEU GHA EGY TKM SWE ALB CHE BRB CHE SVN LBN ARM KOR PRT CZE VEN EST UKR KOR ZAF AUS PHL CZE PHL NLD BLR ARE PAK LVA VNM KOR TJK ISR GEO IND MYS PAK AZE IDN KGZ EST LTU PRT LVA ITA HKG IND TJK ITA TUR GRC CUB GRC HRV SWE LAO KOR EGY HRV HUN GRC CHL CZE ARG CZE MYS DEU KEN DEU LAO CZE URY SVK SRB HUN ALB DEU QAT AUS CHL EGY LKA DZA JOR CZE BLR THA LKA PRT PAK KOR IND IDN UKR TUR TJK IDN UZB ISR TUR JOR IDN IDN LKA ISR ALB ITA HRV ITA KEN FIN IDN ITA ERI TWN MHL EGY VNM SWE TUR KOR HKG GRC SRB GRC UZB PRT MUS DEU ARE GRC EST AUT BGR PHL BGD SVK EGY KOR BLR CZE SRB DEU LBN DEU PHL JPN HKG CZE TUN IDN MNG PRT SVN RUS PHL SVN ALB FIN OMN MUS IDN ROU IDN ISR MDA IND EGY CUB IDN BLR PAK LVA EGY FIN BGR IDN SYR LKA PAK ISR CZE ITA GEO ITA MKD ITA MDA ITA AZE ITA EST ITA LVA SWE MKD TWN SWZ BRN OMN GRC MDA KOR NGA EGY GHA SVN BGR DEU BRN JOR MAR NLD MKD SVN EGY SWE ZAF GRC ZAF CHL TUN CZE PRK NLD BRA SVK PRK DEU ATG JPN RUS KOR SLV LBN AZE CZE ZAF IDN YEM PRT ALB SVN LTU IDN SDN IND TUR PRT LTU ISR URY ISR CYP CZE IDN THA IDN NLD BIH ITA ARM ITA MOZ TWN MKD GRC ARG DEU KHM CUB GHA HUN CUB SWE PHL KOR DZA LBN BGR TWN BLZ PRT EGY NZL ARG KOR QAT SLV MAR HUN LTU IDN KHM IDN MOZ IDN ZWE NZL CHL HUN LVA ISR KOR NLD SLV CHL IDN NLD CRI ISR SVK NZL SGP CHN BWA DEU BWA KOR GTM KOR HND EGY NGA CHE NGA CHN BRN DEU NGA GRC TUR KOR BRN EGY ZMB THA ZWE ARG THA NLD UGA PHL KHM DEU PSE PRT UKR RUS ETH TUN ETH DEU LKA EGY PAK ISR ARM KOR CRI KOR NIC DZA IDN NLD NIC ISR THA IRN LKA ISR BLR CHN MMR VNM KHM MUS GHA CHN NGA CUB KHM HUN SRB JPN MNG NLD HND TUR SRB QAT TUR PRT UZB BEL SAU DEU BIH SRB BIH BIH PAK ITA ECU FTA GRC KAZ THA BGD HUN UZB KOR SAU GMB GIN LBN JOR NLD KAZ PRT PHL CZE MLT HUN BIH BIH UKR CZE BIH PRT BIH FIN IRN KOR OMN GRC SYR NLD KHM NLD ZMB KOR JAM NLD MWI KOR ALB NLD ETH PRT LBY BIH MDA DEU IDN IND SDN NLD ERI OMN HRV HUN YEM KOR MRT GRC AZE KOR JOR SVN TUR VNM BGD DEU AFG PRT CHN CYP SRB ARE TUR BEL CHN LTU GEO SWE IRN DEU TLS SGP IDN HRV MNG DEU BHR NLD BHR LTU ALB SVK MDA SGP TUR HRV LTU BIH ALB SVK TUR PRT SRB MNE MKD ROU BIH PRT ARE ISR HRV SWE SVK SWE CZE NOR POL CHE SVK CHE CZE ITA BGD NOR HUN GRC CZE NOR CZE CHE PER CHL ARG GRC ALB IDN VNM NOR IDNK ARG GRC POL NOR EST POL HUN TUR TKM KOR PRY ESP EGY TUR KGZ ESP URY CHE EST CZE TUR TUR UZB NLD PRY ESP POL NOR LTU TUR KAZ NLD EST JPN TUR NOR LVA CHE LTU CHE LVA POL LTU FIN UZB CHE GMB CHN URY PRT ROU CHN LAO PRT BGR CHE BLR TUR JOR EGY ALB HRV ALB CHN LTU EST POL POL ALB ITA MNG POL LVA FIN CHL ITA JAM SWE BGR ROU BGR MYS BGD HUN BGR HRV MKD TUR MDA ARG HRV MYS HRV NLD VNM PRT ZWE ESP HND MYS JOR POL BGR SVK BGR ARG JAM CHN JAM ESP KOR NLD UKR BGR ALB CHE KAZ CZE PER SVK POL MYS IDN NLD ALB MYS BIH TUR LTU NLD LTU NLD LVA IDN LAO ITA LTU CHN OMN GRC KOR ESP DOM NLD MNG EGY UGA TUR MKD MYS KGZ NLD MDA POL EGY CHL UKR ROU ALB POL HRV ESP TUR TUN JOR MYS PAK PAK BGD CHE PAK CHL PHL TUR PAK NLD ZAF VEN LTU ESP IDN IRN BLR ITA BLR BGR VNM MYS GHA CHE MKD TWN THA HRV BGR NLD ZWE POL MKD SVN HUN TUR NGA CHN SAU JOR YEM TUR EGY CHN DZA TUR UKR KOR BOL HRV TUR JOR EGY MYS KAZ NLD EGY SVK HRV SVN POL NLD UZB TUN PAK AUT LTU IDN PAK MYS EGY OMN PAK RUS EGY HRV EGY HRV UKR CHL HUN POL BGD TUR CUB RUS CYP MKD ALB RUS LBN AUT HRV POL JOR EST TUR NLD JOR AUT BOL AUT CHL CZE LBN TUR IDN TUR LVA ITA UZB ITA PAK TUR MNG BGR EGY MYS SDN NLD GEO TUR MYS MYS ETH NLD MEX LBN MYS MUS ZAF NLD HRV CHL TUR JPN BGD TUR DZA CHL ZAF IDN BGD CHE IRN EGY BIH BEL PAK JPN PAK ISR SVN TUR BIH CHN BHR CHL VNM PRK BGD CZE BGR MUS NPL TUR SDN ARG PHL CHL EGY CHE CHL NLD CUB CHN QAT PAK YEM TUR PHL VNM TJK GBR SLV CHL LBN RUS LTU ITA IRN TUR YEM SAU MYS UZB BGD BHR JOR JOR SDN TUR ETH TUR ZAF CHN IRN ITA NGA HUN MKD AUT EGY AUT SRB AUT BLR SVN BIH AUT IRN NLD GMB BGR PAK DZA ETH AUT PHL NLD TJK HUN TUN BGR THA NLD LAO MLT TUR IRN ETH SGP BGD TUR AFG TUR SYR ALB MDA NLD ARM RUS CHN SWE BOL ESP SVK ESP CZE CHN MNG TUR ROU CZE CHN AUT KOR AUT CPV CHN VNM CHN BOL PRT CHN POL CYP CHN GEO CHN HRV SVN CHN KAZ EGY CHN ALB ESP PHL CHN ROU DNK ROU CHN PER CHL CHN CHN AZE KOR PHL TKM PAK CYP ARM CHN CUB ROU PAK ISR TKM ISR KAZ IRN PAK CHN KHM CHN ZWE CHN BGD CHN ZMB CZE HRV PAK SYR TUR IRN IRN KAZ IRN BIHLBN IRN ZAF IRN CHN ETH KOR IRN CHE NIC POL IRN FIN SVN EGY GEO MKD EGY YEM ETH SDN ETH THA EGY HRV IRN AUT MNG CAN BGD CHN HUN CHN PHL PAK UZB ROU EGY CHE ZMB PAK KGZ CHN SYR ESP BGR ESP GAB RUS UKR CYP EGY JOR SYR IRN BGD LBY ETH NLD OMN ZAF ZWE KAZ SRB RUS ARE SRB MAR NLD ARE JPN AUS FTA ISR MMR TPP Year

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22 Letter Relationship between TPP and Existing Agreements Malaysia - New Zealand.pdf

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26 tpp-a-step-forward-in-multilateral-cooperation/

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29 Text for the Indian Bilateral Investment Treaty.pdf

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