LITHIUM HANDBOOK ± ± INDUSTRIAL BATTERIES FOR Insulating PROFESSIONALS APPLICATIONS 15.

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1 Ø7 APPLICATIONS Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) RFID Emergency call (E-Call) Gas meter Heat cost allocator Door lock system Marine devices Scales Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Watch Glucose meter Remote control Ticketing machine Digital thermometer Real Time Clock (RTC) Medical devices, etc. LITHIUM HANDBOOK INDUSTRIAL BATTERIES FOR Insulating PROFESSIONALS tube.6 +. Ø Ø7.± Ø.± ±. Ø ± Ø Ø Ø Ø +. Ø...± Ø7.. Ø3. +.3

2 COMPANY WORLD S LARGEST BATTERY MANUFACTURER PANASONIC ENERGY Panasonic offers a wide range of power solutions for portable and stationary applications. Our product range includes high reliability batteries such as Lithium-Ion, Lithium, Nickel-Metal-Hydride, Nickel-Cadmium, Valve-Regulated-Lead-Acid (VRLA), Alkaline and Zinc-Carbon. With this breadth and depth to the portfolio, we can power your business in virtually all applications. Panasonic began manufacturing batteries in 93 and is today the most diversified global battery manufacturer worldwide, with an extensive network of manufacturing companies globally. The company employees are dedicated to research, development and production of batteries for an energised world. PANASONIC AUTOMOTIVE & INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS EUROPE GMBH (PAISEU) Panasonic Corporation, founded in Osaka 98, is one of the world s largest manufacturers of quality electronic and electrical equipment. Its subsidiary, Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU), markets a diverse portfolio of industrial products throughout Europe. Formed in 4 to strengthen Panasonic s pan-european industry operations, the company is now active in Automotive, Industry, Factory Solutions and Energy. In October 4, Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU), Sanyo Component Europe GmbH (SCE) and Panasonic Industrial Devices Sales Europe GmbH (PIDSEU) merged and now operate as one AIS (Automotive & Industrial Systems) company. In addition, Panasonic Electric Works Europe AG (PEWEU) became a wholly owned subsidiary of PAISEU in October 4. This new organisation reinforces Panasonic s position in the market, creating a stronger business partner for customers, who benefit from the capabilities and technical solutions of the combined product and service portfolios.

3 COMPANY PAISEU organisation ENERGY FACTORY SOLUTIONS PANASONIC AUTOMOTIVE & INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS EUROPE GMBH PAISEU AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRY CERTIFICATIONS Quality is our Business this is what Panasonic stands for. It is the principle for all our batteries and supporting services. This commitment is confirmed by numerous certifications. Our production facilities use leading-edge manufacturing processes that meet the toughest quality standards. All our factories are certified to ISO standards with ISO 9 and ISO 4 being the minimum benchmarks. This means each factory has its own quality and environmental management, and delivers products that measure up to toughest standards of reliability. Most of our factories are also certified to OHSAS 8 (Occupational Health and Safety Assessment Series), an international standard to assess the management system which organisations have in place for occupational safety. This confirms that our factories have been proactive in putting the occupational health and safety of staff at the centre of the company s dealings. In addition our VRLA batteries are for example approved to German VdS standard and the US UL standard. Our batteries therefore offer benefits power, safety, long life which guarantee quality in every respect and deliver the best performance for your application. Find out how we can power your business. Panasonic quality certified by authorised agencies. 3

4 BATTERY FINDER FIND THE RIGHT BATTERY FOR YOUR APPLICATION COMPANY App. and online version WHAT IS? BATTERIES BATTERY FINDER app & find CONTACT FEATURES Designed for engineers, electronics specialists and developers who need batteries for their projects, the Battery Finder provides an overview of what s available in the Panasonic range of industrial batteries, and gives a recommendation on the type of battery that s best suited to the user s application. It also offers a wealth of informa tion, diagrams and videos on battery technology. Search for batteries using three filter criteria: - Search by product series (chemistries) - Search by application - Search by model number Current Panasonic range: now 37 batteries Automatic update of range Pictures and technical drawings of all products Product datasheets Favorites selection and sending to interested person Function for comparing batteries based on technical details (only online application) Function for requesting product material in hardcopy or PDF format Function for recommendation Function for sending an inquiry Extensive information on battery technology ( What is glossary) Videos showing battery structure Information about the company Panasonic green battery application video All contact details for Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH Function to save images to smartphone gallery Direct link to Panasonic Battery Channel on YouTube There are two versions of the Battery Finder: a smartphone app for iphone and Android devices (.) and an online application for computers or tablets. 4

5 BATTERY FINDER SMARTPHONE APP App version. HOME This is the welcome screen. You can start looking for a battery straight from here, or check out the information on Panasonic and details on battery technologies. Good luck! BATTERY FINDER You can search for the batteries in three ways: by product series, by application or by model number. WHAT IS? If you re looking for background info, you ll find it here in the app s extensive glossary on battery technology. Find out about our battery types, product series and terminal types. BATTERY INFORMATION You re shown the selected battery with all the key details. You have also several options for requesting downloads and hardcopies. HTML APP Online version TECHNICAL INFORMATION If you re looking for background info, you ll find it here in the app s extensive glossary on battery technology. Find out about our battery types, product series and terminal types. BATTERY COMPARISON You have the option to display two batteries simultaneously. The differences between the products are automatically highlighted.

6 MEDIAPOOL DOWNLOAD THE RIGHT BATTERY MEDIA FILES ALKALINE (4) LITHIUM (46) LITHIUM-ION (7) NICKEL-CADMIUM () NICKEL-METAL- HYDRIDE () VRLA (37) ZINC-CARBON (4) GENERAL PICTURES (9) VIDEOS (4) FEATURES The Panasonic Mediapool is a complete online library of Panasonic battery images, videos and press releases, providing you with just the right material for all sorts of projects. The Mediapool is open to all visitors to the Panasonic website, and offers material for both print and web. The image files differ with respect to their resolution (image size) and color space (CMYK or RGB). For each product, there is also a version with a shadow (suitable for use on a white background) and without shadow (suitable for use on a colored or grey background). The library contains images in three formats: JPG, EPS and PNG. New New chemistry Ni-Cd (Nickel-Cadmium) Videos and press releases now available, in addition to pictures New files appear in the folder New files for three months You can assemble as many files as you need and download them directly to your computer. Here s an overview of what you can do: Locate the material you need by product name or by clicking through the categories Preview file details the preview function tells you the full name of the file, its size, format and resolution Select the files you wish to download. You can take files from multiple folders, or select all the material in a particular folder or category in one-click operation there s no need to select each one individually Preview your personal Download bag of the files you have selected The Mediapool zips your data into a file, which you then download to your computer. You unzip the file to the location of your choice simply by double-clicking the file name. The material is then ready for use. 6

7 YOUTUBE CHANNEL FIND THE RIGHT BATTERY VIDEO PANASONIC IN MOTION Please find a comprehensive selection of Panasonic battery videos at our YouTube Channel. You can find videos about the inner structure of our different battery chemistries, a video which gives you a clear insight about green battery applications and last but not least a video which explains the working of our Battery Finder App in detail. Find out how we can power your business! PANASONIC GREEN BATTERY APPLICATION PANASONIC NI-MH PRODUCT VIDEO FOR PROFESSIONALS PANASONIC ALKALINE PRODUCT VIDEO FOR PROFESSIONALS PANASONIC BATTERY FINDER UPDATE. APP & ONLINE VERSION 7

8 INDEX CHAPTER PAGE COMPANY 3 BATTERY FINDER 4 MEDIAPOOL 6 YOUTUBE CHANNEL 7 GENERAL INFORMATION 9 7 SAFETY WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS 9 INTRODUCTION GENERAL FEATURES 3 PRIMARY VS. RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES 4 APPLICATIONS SELECTING A BATTERY/MODEL NUMBER 6 7 BATTERY SELECTION CHART 8 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING 3 6 DESIGN FOR MEMORY BACK-UP USE 7 PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES INDIVIDUAL DATA SHEETS 8 9 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) CYLINDRICAL TYPE 9 3 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) CYLINDRICAL TYPE MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS) CYLINDRICAL TYPE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) COIN TYPE HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR-A SERIES) COIN TYPE MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) COIN TYPE 48 7 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) PIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES INDIVIDUAL DATA SHEETS 6 76 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE 6 66 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE 67 7 TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING BATTERY TERMINALS 78 SOLDERING LITHIUM BATTERIES 78 TERMINAL TYPES 79 STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS 8 8 PRODUCT CERTIFICATIONS 8 FACTORY CERTIFICATIONS 8 APPLICABLE STANDARDS 8 LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION 8 SECURITY EXPORT CONTROL AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS 8 8 AVOIDING HAZARDS 8 PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS

9 SAFETY WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS Please be sure to observe the following warnings. As batteries contains flammable substances such as Lithium or other organic solvents, they may cause heating, rupture or ignition. CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES Warning. It may cause rupture or ignite. Do not charge, short (an exception is to pass batteries through dipping solder) disassemble, deform or heat batteries. Do not throw batteries into fire. Do not connect the and electrodes to each other with metal or wire. Do not carry or store batteries together with a metallic necklace, etc. Avoid inversed connection of and terminals to devices. Avoid mixed use of new and old batteries or batteries of other series. Avoid direct soldering to batteries.. When discarding batteries, insulate the and terminals of batteries with insulating tape, etc. (see Fig. ). When disposed of improperly, Lithium batteries may short, causing them to become hot, burst or ignite. 3. Keep batteries out of reach of small children. Should a child swallow a battery, consult a physician immediately. Caution Keep batteries away from direct sunlight, high temperature, and high humidity. COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES 3. Avoid direct soldering to batteries. 4. Keep batteries away from direct sunlight, high temperature, and high humidity. COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES Warning. Do not short-circuit (an exception is to pass batteries through dipping solder), disassemble, deform or heat batteries. Do not throw batteries into fire.. Do not charge rechargeable batteries with a higher voltage than specified. 3. Keep batteries out of reach of small children. Should a child swallow a battery, consult a physician immediately. 4. When discarding batteries, insulate the and terminals of batteries with insulating tape, etc. (see fig. ). When disposed of improperly, Lithium batteries may short, causing them to become hot, burst or ignite. Caution. Be sure to connect the and electrodes correctly.. Avoid mixed use of batteries, i.e. new, used or different types. 3. Avoid direct soldering to batteries. 4. Keep batteries away from direct sunlight, high temperature, and high humidity. Fig. When disposing batteries (example of insulating)* Insulation tape Insulation tape tape Warning. Do not charge, short (an exception is to pass batteries through dipping solder) disassemble, deform or heat batteries. Do not throw batteries into fire.. Keep batteries out of reach of small children. Should a child swallow a battery, consult a physician immediately. 3. When discarding batteries, insulate the and terminals of batteries with insulating tape, etc. (see Fig. ). When disposed of improperly, Lithium batteries may short, causing them to become hot, burst or ignite. Caution. Be sure to connect the and electrodes correctly.. Avoid mixed use of batteries, i.e. new, used or different types. Insulation tape Insulation tape tape Insulation tape Insulation tape tape CR CR CR-P CR-P Insulation Insulation tape tape tape CR3A CR3A or or or CR CR CR Insulation Insulation tape tape tape * Discharge circuits will be made by the contact of batteries, which may cause heating, rupture, or ignition of batteries. 9

10 INTRODUCTION LITHIUM & MICRO BATTERIES: TYPES AND FEATURES Ever since Panasonic became the first company in the world to develop and commence the mass production of Lithium batteries for consumer products in 97, Panasonic has launched a series of Lithium batteries in many shapes and sizes including cylindrical types, coin types and pin types. Panasonic has also successfully introduced coin type rechargeable Lithium batteries to the market for applications such as memory back-up or watches. Today, Lithium batteries have a proven track record of opening up a host of new fields where conventional batteries cannot be used. Applications range from high-current dis charge applications typified by 3 mm cameras to ultra-low current discharge appli cations in such products as electronic watches or applications as power supplies for IC memory back-up which require long-term reliability. Panasonic has conducted repeated tests on the various safety and performance characteristics, plus the effects of environmental factors such as temperature. We have accumulated a wealth of corroborative data on the performance of our batteries which cannot be pinpointed by short-term accelerated tests. As a result, Panasonic batteries have won approval under the UL safety standards in the United States and wide recognition throughout the world for their high reliability and safety.

11 INTRODUCTION COMPARISON OF LITHIUM PRIMARY CHEMISTRY * Chemistry BR CR ER Cathode CF MnO SOCl Material Anode Li metal Li metal Li metal Electrolyte Organic electrolyte Organic electrolyte Organic electrolyte Nominal voltage 3V 3V 3.6V Discharge capacity Performance Voltage during discharge (Initial) Voltage during discharge (End of capacity) Pulse performance at low temperature Low current High current + ++ Low current High current + ++ Initial + ++ End of life ++ + Storage performance * Reliability ++ + * Safety Environment Eco friendly *3 TYPES OF LITHIUM & MICRO BATTERIES ++ Very good capability + Good capability - Not good capability CYLINDRICAL TYPE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES (non-recharge able) COIN TYPE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) PIN TYPE LITHIUM & MICRO BATTERIES POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES COIN TYPE MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) * Please contact Panasonic to get more detailed information about this technical comparison overview. * Impedance is increasing due to the passivation phenomena. * 3 Harmful substances included.

12 Voltage ). 3V 3V Lithium.V.V.V.V.V.V Silver Manganese Ni-MH the data of C-MOS IC GENERAL FEATURES Lithium Silver Manganese Ni-MH High voltage The high energy density of Lithium batteries and their high voltage of 3V (there are.v and V lineups also) make them ideally suited for use in all kinds of products where the trend is to achieve increasing miniaturization. A single Lithium battery can replace two, three or more conventional batteries. The figure on the right shows the number of cells required to provide the C-MOS IC data holding voltage for each type of battery. BR-/3A Capacity retentions (%) Capacity Voltage retentions (V) (%) 9 BR-C (cylindrical type) BR-C (cylindrical type) 8. BR-3 MΩ (coin type) Temperature: BR-3 (coin type) MΩ Storage temp.: room temp. 3kΩ Storage temp.: room temp. Storage period (years). Storage period (years) 3 Duration (years). Lithium. Low selfdischarge rate and superior storability Since the substance that is chemically very stable is used for plus terminal as Lithium an active Silver material Manganese (BR Ni-MHseries: Poly-Carbonmonofluoride, CR series: Manganese Dioxide), if pre ser vation Capacity retentions (%) conditions 9 are BR-C proper, (cylindrical 9% type) of capacity remains even after ten 8 years storage. Capacity retentions (%) 9 8 3V.V 3V.V.V.V Silver Manganese Ni-MH.V BR-3 (coin type).v Storage temp.: room temp. Storage period (years) BR-C (cylindrical type) BR-3 (coin type) Voltage maintaining the data of C-MOS IC Storage temp.: room temp. Storage period (years) Voltage maintaining the data of C-MOS IC BR-3 BR-C C Load:.MΩ (.3µA) 4 C Load:.MΩ (.3µA),, 3 3,,,, Duration 6 Duration, 3, (days), 7 3, (days) (years) 7 (years) 4 C C Load: 3kΩ (=97µA) ~ 4 C C Load: 3kΩ (=97µA) ~,,,,,,(days) (days) (years) 7 (years) Duration Duration 3. BR-33A Voltage Capacity (V) retention (%) Long-term discharge 4 C Load:.MΩ (.3µA), 4 C,, Duration C Storage, (months) C,Load:, 3kΩ (=97µA) ~, 3, (days) (years) Duration. Self discharge performance at C Long-term discharge has been verified at all operating temperatures under low-load discharge conditions., Load:.MΩ 3, (days) (.3µA) 7 (years) Outstanding electrolyte leakage resistance Lithium batteries employ organic electrolytes with minimum creep ing so they are vastly superior in terms of leakage resistance under environmental changes compared to other types of batteries that employ aqueous solution electrolytes. The batteries achieve stable characteristics under high temperature and humidity conditions (4 C/9% RH, /9% RH), and even under heat shock which constitutes the severest challenge for batteries. Wide operating temperature range Due to the use of organic electrolytes with a solidifying point that is much lower than the aqueous solution electrolytes used in other types of batteries, Lithium batteries are capable.,,,, (days) 4 C C Load: 3kΩ (=97µA) ~ The data in this document are for descriptive 3 4purposes only 6and are 7not (years) intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty. Duration

13 h h h cycle h 6 C Operating voltage (V).8 of operation.6 in a wide range of temperatures. Not only do.4 the high operating temperature BR series cells use a special. 4 C.8 µa µa 8 C engineering plastic as the material for the gasket and separator instead.6 of the conventional polyolefin resin but its operating temperature range has also been significantly in creased by employing an electrolyte with a high boiling point. C - -4 C ma ma ma Discharge current Voltage at % discharge state 6 C h h - C 6 C cycle - C h h cycle - C h hgeneral FEATURES cycle BR-3 Operating voltage under 8 C high-resistance Load:.MΩ (.3µA) discharge Voltage (V)... ~.. ~. ~ 8 C Load:.MΩ (.3µA) -3 C - C C 8 C C 4 C Load:.MΩ (.3µA) 6 C -3 C - C C C 4 C 6 C -3 C - C C C 4 C 6 C,,, 3,,Duration 3, (hours) 4, 4,,, Superior safety,, Duration 3, (hours) 4,, Lithium batteries feature stable substances for the active materials and a structural Battery design voltage that assures safety and, as such, their superior safety has been verified from the 8 results of 6 repeatedly subjecting them to a number 3 of 4 different safety 4 tests. As a result, Panasonic s Lithium batteries 3 Battery temperature have been approved under the safety standard (UL64) Current of UL (Underwriters Laboratories 3 Inc.) Battery surface temperature when short-circuited Current (ma) Temperature ( C) BR-/3A Current drain vs. operation voltage Operating Operating Operating voltage voltage (V) voltage (V) (V) C 8 C 4 C 8 C 4 C 4 C C - -4 C - µa µa ma ma ma -4 C - µa µa madischarge ma ma current -4 C µa µa madischarge ma ma current Voltage at % discharge state Voltage at % discharge state Voltage at % discharge state Discharge current BR-3 Charge resistance (V consistent-voltage charge) Battery temperature ( C) 4 6 Time (minutes) BR-/3A BR-3 8 Voltage (V) Battery voltage Battery voltage Battery voltage Battery temperature Battery temperature Current Battery temperature Current Current 3 Duration 4 (hours) Duration 4 (hours) 6 7 Current Current (ma) Current (ma) (ma) Temperature Temperature ( C) ( C) ( C) Leakage resistance test results Model number BR-3 BR-/3A Leakage resistance evaluation items Conditions 4 C/9% /9% Temp. cycle Heat shock Storage month 3 months month 3 months month 3 months 6 cycles cycles BR-/3A BR-/3A BR-/3A High temperature storage High temperature High humidity storage Test conditions 4 C/9% RH /9% RH 6 C Temperature cycle - C h h h h h h h h cycle Heat shock h h h h cycle 6 C - C Battery Battery temperature Battery temperature ( C) ( C) ( C) VL Charge characteristics BR-3 4 BR-3 Common to VL-6/Common to VL- VL- and VL-3 BR VL-33 4 Time (minutes) 6 8 VL-33 Time (minutes) Charging completed Time (minutes) 3 4 Charge time (hours) Temperature 3 Early battery deterioration region

14 PRIMARY VS. RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES Rechargeable Lithium batteries come with excellent characteristics and high reliability. Long-term reliability High capacity Low self-discharge rate Resistance to continuous discharge Resistance to over discharge Comparison table of Lithium battery types Item Material Type Primary battery Rechargeable battery Model BR CR VL ML MT electrode (CF)n MnO V O LixMnOy LixOy electrode Li Li LiAl LiAl LixTiOy Nominal voltage (V). Cylindrical: -4 to +8 Cylindrical: -4 to +7 Operating temperature range ( C) Coin: -3 to +8 High operating temperature coin: -4 to + Coin: -3 to +6 - to +6 - to +6 - to +6 Pin: -3 to +8 Self-discharge (per year) under standard conditions Cylindrical type.%.% Coin type.%.% % % % Average discharge voltage (V).8. Charge voltage (V) to 3..8 to.6 to.6 Cut off voltage (V). Charge-discharge cycles, charge/discharge partly (charge/ discharge for % of discharge depth), charge/discharge partly (charge/ discharge for % of discharge depth) charge/discharge up to V or dis charge limit voltage (charge/ discharge for % of discharge depth) Comparison between BR and CR Model BR vs. CR Performance Discharge capacity Voltage during discharging Flatness of discharge voltage Load characteristics Storage properties (self-discharge) < > BR = CR BR < CR (Higher) (Flatter) BR > CR BR < CR (Superior) (Less self-discharge) BR CR (Less self-discharge & stable) BR > CR Notes: In terms of their characteristics, the CR series provides a slightly higher voltage during discharge than the BR series. BR batteries, compared with CR batteries, show more stable characteristics with less discharge voltage variations. These characteristics should be taken into consideration when selecting a battery for each application. 4

15 APPLICATIONS Primary type Coin type Cylindrical type Pin type Industry Application BR series BR-A series CR series BR series CR series for consumer CR series for professionals BR series Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Emergency call (E-Call) Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Tyre Pressure Monitoring System (TPMS) Home appliance Marine Medical Advertising beacon Fax machine Personal digital assistant Sanitary equipment Emergency position indicating radio beacon Life jacket light Digital thermometer Scales Distance meter Metering Electricity meter Heat cost allocator Water meter Door lock system Security Smoke detector Window monitoring system Fishing equipment Real Time Clock (RTC) Others Tracking & RFID Vending machine Watch Rechargeable type Coin type Industry Application VL series ML series MT series Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Automotive Communication Automotive Communication Fax machine Calculator Real Time Clock (RTC) Others Tracking & RFID Vending machine Watch Recommended applications Potential applications

16 SELECTING A BATTERY/MODEL NUMBER SELECTING A BATTERY MODEL NUMBER The steps for selecting the batteries for the power supplies of specific equipment are summarized below. Preparation of required specifications (draft) The required specifications (draft) are studied by checking the requirements for the batteries to be used as the power supplies of the specific equipment and their conditions against the battery selection standards. The technical requirements for battery selection are shown in the table below for reference purposes. How to interpret the model numbers generally used for coin type Lithium batteries The model numbers are normally indicated using two uppercase English letters and a figure consisting of three or more digits as shown in the example below. This numbering system is supported by the Japan International Standard Committee of Clocks and Watches and is also an established practice in Japan. B R 3 Battery type Round Diameter Height Selection of a battery Select several candidate batteries by referring to the catalogs and data sheets of batteries which are currently manufactured and marketed. From this short list, select the battery which will best meet the ideal level of the requirements. In actual practice, however, the perfect battery is seldom found by this method, instead, the basic procedure followed should be to examine the possibility of finding a compromise or partial compromise with the required specifications (draft) and then make a selection under the revised requirements from the batteries currently manufactured and marketed. Such a procedure enables batteries to be selected more economically. Questions and queries arising at this stage should be directed to our battery engineers. Sometimes, although it may not be shown in the catalog, the appropriate battery has become available through recent development or improvement. As a rule, the required specifications are finalized at this stage. Requests for developing or improving batteries If the battery that meets the essential and specific requirements cannot be found through the selection process described above, a request for battery development or improvement should be made to our technical department. A request like this should be coordinated as early as possible to allow for a sufficient study period. While this period depends on the nature of the request and the difficulties involved, a lead time of at least 6 to months is usually required. Figures to first decimal place with decimal point omitted (ex. mm) Integers omitting fractions (ex. 3mm Dia.) In accordance with JIS and IEC standards Examples (example) BR-/AA Battery diameter Battery size Round Model Poly-Carbonmonofluoride number (example) Lithium battery CR-3A Battery diameter Battery size Round Model Manganese number Dioxide (example) Lithium battery BR-477A High temperature usage Divide this by to obtain the battery height in mm Battery diameter (in mm) Round Poly-Carbonmonofluoride Lithium battery (example) CR-3 Divide this by to obtain the battery height in mm Battery diameter (in mm) Round Model Manganese number Dioxide (example) Lithium battery VL- Divide this by to obtain the battery height in mm Battery diameter (in mm) Round Vanadium Pentoxide Lithium battery 6

17 SELECTING A BATTERY/MODEL NUMBER TECHNICAL CONDITIONS FOR SELECTING BATTERIES Electrical characteristics Temperature and humidity conditions Size, weight and terminal type Charge conditions* Voltage range Temperature and humidity during use Diameter (mm) max. Cycle charge V max. V min. C max. C min. Height (mm) max. Trickle float charge % max. % min. Length (mm) max. Charge voltage Load pattern Width (mm) max. Charge time Continuous load Temperature and humidity during storage Mass (g) av. Charge temperature and ma (max.) C max. C min. Terminal type atmosphere ma (av.) % max. % min. ma (min.) Intermittent load/pulse load ma (max.) Battery life Others ma (av.) ma (min.) Operating life Atmospheric pressure Mechanical conditions Intermittent time conditions Storage period Safety Operating time Interchangeability Non-operating time Marketability Price Selection of the battery * Only for rechargeable batterie 7

18 BATTERY SELECTION CHART COIN TYPE PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES (EXAMPLE) Discharge life as a function of operating current Temperature: Cut off voltage: V CR-477(,mAh) 4 BR-3 (6mAh) BR-33 (mah) CR-34 (6mAh) BR-3 (mah) BR-33 (mah) BR- (3mAh) BR- (48mAh) Duration (years) Current drain (µa) General formula (rough value with, standard load) Calculation Duration (years) = Nominal capacity (mah) Current drain (ma) x 4 (hours) x 36 (days) 8

19 BATTERY SELECTION CHART Self Discharge Self-discharge rate (%/year) Standard BR & CR battery Temperature ( C) Reference value for engineering BR high temperature type battery CYLINDRICAL TYPE PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES (EXAMPLE) Discharge life as a function of operating current Temperature: Cut off voltage: V 7 6 Duration (years) 4 BR-/3A (,mah) BR-A (,8mAh) BR-C (,mah) , Current drain (µa) General formula (rough value with, standard load) Calculation Duration (years) = Nominal capacity (mah) Current drain (ma) x 4 (hours) x 36 (days) 9

20 BATTERY SELECTION CHART 4 3 Temperature: Cut off voltage: V Self Discharge VL-33 (mah) Duration (days) Self-discharge rate (%/year) 4 3 VL-6 (.mah) VL-33 (mah) 4 BR battery 3 CR battery BR-/AA VL- (7mAh) Temperature ( C) Reference value for engineering VL-3 (3mAh) VL- (mah) , Current drain (µa) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (EXAMPLE) Discharge life as a function of operating current Temperature: Cut off voltage:.v 3 Duration (days) 3 MT-9 (.mah) MT-6 (mah) MT-6 (.mah) , Current drain (µa)

21 BATTERY SELECTION CHART Discharge life as a function of operating current 4 Temperature: Cut off voltage: V 3 VL-33 (mah) Duration (days) 4 3 VL-33 (mah) VL-3 (3mAh) VL- (mah) VL- (7mAh) VL-6 (.mah) , Current drain (µa) Cycle life, 3, 3 % Temperature: Cut off voltage:.v,, Memory backup range Cycles, % Duration (days) 3 MT-6 (mah) MT-9 (.mah) % VL-33 % MT-6 (.mah) Depth of discharge (%) 3 The number of cycles is defined with the batteries remaining capacity % Current drain (µa) 3 7,

22 BATTERY SELECTION CHART CHARGE RETENTION AND TEMPERATURE DEGRADATION DEPENDENCIES VL / ML residual capacity and recovery 8 SOC (%) 6 4 SOC (State-of-Charge) (%) at SOC (State-of-Charge) (%) at Recovery (from ) Recovery (from ) Time (years) VL /ML capacity degradation under float Remaining capacity (%) SOC (State-of-Charge)(%) at SOC (State-of-Charge) (%) at Time (years)

23 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING APPLICABLE BOTH PRIMARY AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES Classification Item Precaution Voltage measurement Internal resistance measurement To measure the battery voltage, use an instrument with an input resistance of MΩ or higher. To measure the internal resistance, use a,hz AC instrument. Electrical characteristics check Even minimal shorting causes the battery voltage to drop, requiring a period of time for the voltage to recover. Checking the voltage characteristics before the voltage has sufficiently recovered in such a situation may result in a misjudgment of battery voltage. Cleaning Prior to installation in the equipment, wipe the batteries and equipment terminals clean using a dry cloth, etc. Washing and drying Washing: Use of a conductive detergent causes batteries to discharge, the battery voltage to drop and the battery performance to deteriorate in other ways. Be sure to use a non-conductive detergent. Drying: The heat produced when the temperature of the battery units rises above 8 C deforms the gaskets and causes electrolyte leakage and a deterioration in performance. Be sure to dry batteries only for short periods of time at temperatures below 8 C. Batteries Mounting UL Use of multiple batteries Ensure that dust and other foreign substance will not cause shorting between the poles. When handling batteries, wear finger covers or gloves made of rubber, cotton, etc. to protect the batteries from dirt. Strictly comply with the conditions outlined on the next page. Give sufficient consideration to safety in design when a multiple number of batteries are to be used. Consult with Panasonic concerning packs of multiple batteries. Simultaneous use of other types of batteries When other types of batteries are also to be used in the some equipment, design the circuitry in such a way that the current (leakage current) from the other batteries will not flow to the Lithium batteries. (This applies to primary batteries.) Use of batteries in series or in parallel Battery life This requires special circuitry: Please consult with Panasonic. Do not use Lithium batteries together with different types of batteries in series or in parallel. Prior to installation in the equipment, wipe the batteries and equipment terminals clean using a dry cloth, etc. Battery compartments in equipment Design Ensure that the batteries can be replaced easily and that they will not fall out of position. Give consideration to the battery dimensions, tolerances, etc. Give consideration to the shape of and electrodes of the batteries and their tolerances to prevent installation in reverse. Clearly indicate on the battery compartment the type of batteries to be used and their correct installation direction (polarities). Limit the electrical circuits inside the battery compartment only to the circuits relating to the battery contacts. With the exception of the terminal areas, insulate the battery compartment from the electrical circuits. Take steps to minimize any damage to the equipment resulting from electrolyte leakage from the battery compartment. Batteries should be free from leakage of liquids, which can damage equipment and spoil the contact at terminals, making the operation of equipment unstable. Battery layout and construction and materials of compartment Take steps to ensure the batteries are not located heat generating component in the equipment. Installing batteries near a heat source will heat up the batteries, causing thermal deformation of the gasket and resulting in electrolyte leakage and a deterioration in characteristics. Adopt a construction which allows the gases to be vented. Give consideration to the impact and the effect on the environment in selecting the materials to be used. Contact point materials Use nickel-plated iron or nickel-plated stainless steel for the contact points. Contacts and connection terminals Contact pressure of contacts In order to ensure stable contact, use the following levels of contact as a general guideline: N to N for cylindrical types N to N for coin types. Shape of terminals Use of Y-shaped terminals (-point contact) for both the and electrodes yield stable contact. Connection terminals If lead wires and connection terminals such as tab terminals are required for the batteries, consult with Panasonic since we offer a range of external terminals (connectors, etc.). 3

24 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING Classification Item Precaution. Shorting causes the battery voltage to drop to about V before slowly recovering from the open state. It takes time for the initial voltage to be BR-/3A Voltage recovery after short-circuited (example) Notes Circuit design restored. Notice that measuring the open-circuit voltage immediately after shorting may lead to a misjudgment that the battery is abnormal. The figure on the right illustrates how voltage recovers after shorting.. Reverse current preventing diodes. Since Lithium primary batteries are not rechargeable, use of a reverse current preventing diode and a protective resistor in series is required where there is the possibility of charging in the equipment circuit. Use a silicon diode or Schottky diode with a low reverse current as the reverse current preventing diode. To maintain the character istics of a coin type Lithium battery, the total charging amount of the battery during its total usage period must be kept within 3% of the nominal capacity of the 3... Voltage (V) ~~ ~~ (V). ~~ ~~ ~~ Temperature: Temperature: Shorting time 3- seconds seconds Shorting seconds time 3-3- seconds seconds seconds (V) (V) ~~ 9 ~~ Recovery time (seconds) Recovery time (seconds) 3 4 Recovery time (hours) Recovery time (hours) battery. IC IC IC IC IC IC IC IC IC (A) -cell 6V usage (B) Parallel usage (C) UL conditions PRIMARY BATTERIES Since Lithium primary batteries are not rechargeable, use a reverse current blocking diode and a protective resistor in series where there is the possibility of charging in the equipment circuit. Reverse current blocking diode Diode used Use a low leak current diode (this current varies with temperature). Selection standard The total allowable charging amount of a battery during its total usage period must not be greater than 3% of the nominal capacity of the battery for a coin type battery or % for a cylindrical battery. Example When a CR-477 (,mah) coin type battery is to be used for years, a reverse current preventing diode with a reverse current of.7μa or less is required. Calculation method,mah (CR-477) x 3% (coin type battery) = 3mAh 3mAh usage period ( years x 36 days x 4 hours) =.7μA Use of protective resistor in series: Selection and installation (UL Standard) A resistor must be installed in series with the battery to limit the charge current which will flow to the battery in case of destruction in continuity of the reverse current preventing diode. The maximum allowable current is specified for each battery size in the table at the right, and the resistance value of the protective resistor is determined as: 4

25 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING R > V I (where I is the maximum allowable charge current specified by UL). Conditions for UL Standard (Contact Panasonic for further details.). Use of protective resistor in series Selection Select the protective resistor in such a way that the charge current which will flow to the battery when the diode is destroyed is less than the value given in the table on the next page. Installation To protect the battery from being charged in the event of the destruction of the diode, install a protective resistor in series with the battery. RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES Use of multiple batteries Consult with Panasonic if two or more Vanadium rechargeable Lithium batteries (VL series) or Manganese rechargeable Lithium batteries (ML series) are to be used in series or in parallel. Charging Details on the charge voltage, charge current and charge circuit are given for each type of battery. Conditions of UL approval The maximum charge current must be restricted to 3mA when protective components have been subjected to short- or open-circuiting.. Battery replacement Replacement by qualified engineer These batteries are intended for use as a part of an electrical circuit in equipment and any battery with an asterisk * in the table on the next page should only be replaced by a qualified engineer. Replacement by user Those Lithium batteries which are not accompanied by an asterisk * in the table on the next page and which include the use of up to four of them in series or in parallel may be replaced by users provided that the conditions specified by the UL Standard are met. Use in series or in parallel In replacing up to four batteries, the batteries must all be replaced with new ones at the same time. Set the maximum allowable charge current to within the current permitted by the number of batteries in series or in parallel.

26 GENERAL SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR USING, HANDLING AND DESIGNING PRIMARY AND RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES UL approval and maximum allowable charge current Primary Lithium batteries Rechargeable Lithium batteries Shape UL approval Maximum abnormal charging current (ma) BR-/AA BR-/3A Cylindrical type BR series BR-/3AG BR-A* BR-AG* BR-C* CR- CR-3A Cylindrical type CR series CR- CR-P CR-V3 Cylindrical type CR series for industrial CR-/3AZ CR-AG* BR- 3 BR- 3 BR-63 4 Coin type BR series BR-3 BR-3 BR-33 BR-33 BR-A 3 BR-63A 4 Coin type BR-A series BR-33A* BR-4A* BR-477A* CR- CR-6 3 CR- 3 CR-6 3 CR-66 4 CR-6 4 CR-63 4 CR- Coin type CR series CR-6 CR- CR-3 CR-33 CR-34 CR-4 CR-4 3 CR-477 CR-33 Pin type BR series BR-4. BR-43. VL-6* 3 VL- 3 Coin type VL series VL- 3 VL-3 3 VL-33 3 VL-33 3 ML-4 3 ML-64 3 Coin type ML series ML-6 3 ML-9 3 ML- 3 ML-* 3 MT-6 3 Coin type MT series MT-6 3 MT * Please read Conditions for compliance with UL Standard carefully. UL approval

27 DESIGN FOR MEMORY BACK-UP USE Selecting batteries When selecting batteries, give consideration to such factors as the current consumption of the equipment in which the batteries are to be used, the expected life of the batteries, and temperature in the operating environment. At low operating environment temperatures, the consumption current of the ICs drops but the discharge voltage of the batteries will also decrease. Also it is important to note that the capacity deterioration of batteries in long-term use becomes significant at high operating environment temperatures. IR IR IF VF Note that the leak current of reverse current blocking diodes IC IC IR IR varies with temperature. R R IF IF (A) -cell 6V usage VB VB B R VB VF VF VF B R IF B B (B) Parallel usage VB IC IC IC IC IC IC IC IC IC IC Memory back-up circuit and holding voltage The circuit typically used for memory back-up is shown in the figure on the right. The memory holding voltage is expressed as: V B - V F - I F x R > memory holding voltage of IC. (C) UL conditions (When a protective resistor has been inserted) (D) UL conditions (Protective diode) IC IC IC IC IR VF IF IC IC IC IC R IC VB B Reverse current blocking diode Since Lithium primary batteries are not rechargeable, use of IC IC a reverse current blocking diode and a protective resistor in series is required where there is the possibility of charging in the equipment circuit. Use a diode with a low leak current as the reverse current blocking diode. To maintain the characteristics of a coin type Lithium battery, the total charging amount of the battery during its total usage period must be kept within 3% of the nominal capacity of the battery. IC IC For example, assuming that a CR-477 (,mah) will be used in a memory back-up power supply for years, charging by the leak current of the reverse current blocking diode should. be no greater than 3mAh (= 3% of,mah), thus: 3mAh usage period ( years x 36 days Charge x current: 4 hours) µa=.7μa. 4. In other words, a leak current blocking diode whose reverse 4. current is not greater Charge than to %.7μA must Charge be selected. to 3% 3. of capacity Allowable total charging amount Temperature: of capacity Charge test results assuming diode leakage current BR-/3A (cylindrical type) Charge test Charge to % of capacity 3 Charge time (hours) Temperature: Charge current: µa Charge to 3% of capacity 4 BR-/3A (cylindrical type) Discharge test after charging 4.. Temperature: Load resistance: kω % charge before charge 3% charge Within 3% for coin type batteries 3 Within % for cylindrical Charge type time batteries (hours)

28 PRIMARY LITHIUM BATTERIES STATE-OF-THE-ART LITHIUM PRIMARY BATTERIES VIDEO Scan QR code to view product series video. Lithium battery technologies are becoming increasingly important. Due to their high voltage, low self-discharge and proven reliability, they can power a broad range of sophisticated applications. Innovative Lithium technologies by Panasonic are extremely long-lasting under severe conditions (BR series) or feature top pulse currents (CR series) with a 3-volt voltage. 8

29 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES Our Panasonic Poly-Carbonmonofluoride Lithium batteries (BR series) are ideal for applications such as meters or smoke detectors which demand either long-term power supply reliability or need to handle a wide temperature range. FEATURES Operating temperature range: between -4 C ~ +8 C Self discharge rate at is just.% per year Superior long-term reliability Years of experience in production APPLICATIONS Heat cost allocators Water & gas meters Car alarm Smoke detectors Tracking & RFID Marine devices, etc. * Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC BR-/AA* 3 3, BR-/3A 3, BR733 BR-/3AG 3, BR733 BR-A 3, BR-AG 3, BR-C 3, D ILLUSTRATION *4 Positive pole Gasket 3 Separator 4 Cathode (Carbonmonofluoride) Anode (Lithium) 6 Insulator 7 Tube 8 Positive pole platform 9 Cell can Collector Negative pole VIDEO 6 Scan QR code to view 3D animated video. * G indicates higher capacity versions. * Capacity based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V or 4.V at. * 3 Operating temperature range is from - 4 C ~ + C. * 4 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure. 9

30 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) BR-/AA DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø4. +. BR-/3A Ø BR-/AA BR-/3A Nominal capacity (mah), Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to + Weight (g) 8. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Nominal capacity (mah), Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 33. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +8 Weight (g) C 4 C Load: kω DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS C C 3 C Load: kω 3. 8 C 4 C Load: kω. C - -4 C. 3 4 C - -4 C OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* C.4 4 C..8 C.6 8 C C. -4 C.4 C...,,.8.6 Discharge current (ma) C...,, Discharge current (ma) 3 * Voltage at % discharge depth.

31 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) BR-/3AG DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø7. +. BR-A Ø BR-/3AG BR-A Nominal capacity (mah),4 Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 33. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +8 Weight (g) 3. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS (V) (V) Load: kω Load: kω Duration 4 (hours) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* C.8 C ,,... Discharge current (ma),, Discharge current (ma) Nominal capacity (mah),8 Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 4. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +8 Weight (g) 8. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage (V) 3. 4 C C Load: kω 3. 4 C C Load: kω - -4 C C , , C C ,,.4.. Discharge current (ma).,, Discharge current (ma) * Voltage at % discharge depth. 3

32 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) Ø6. +. BR-AG Ø7. +. BR-C DIMENSIONS (MM) BR-AG BR-C Nominal capacity (mah), Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 4. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +8 Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS C Load: kω Duration -3 C (hours) 7 8 9, , OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* C ,, Discharge current (ma) C ,, Discharge current (ma) Load: kω Nominal capacity (mah), Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +8 Weight (g) 4 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 8 C 4 C Load: 8Ω 8 C 4 C Load: 8Ω.. -4 C - C C - C. OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 4 C.8 C.6 4 C.4..8 C C C,, Discharge current (ma) ,, Discharge current (ma) 3 * Voltage at % discharge depth.

33 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES Panasonic Photo-Lithium CR type cylindrical batteries come as either single cells or dual cell packs. All cylindrical type Manganese Dioxide (CR series) Lithium batteries feature a spiral structure. With the enlarged electrode surface areas, they permit a current as high as several amperes to be drawn. FEATURES Operating temperature range: between -4 C ~ +7 C Good pulse capability Stable voltage level during discharge Self discharge rate at just % per year APPLICATIONS Medical equipment Door lock systems Marine devices Cameras High energy flashlights Sanitary equipment, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC CR-* CRH7 CR-3A* 3, CR734 CR-* 6,4 34. x CR CR-P* 6,4 3. x CRP CR-V3* 3 3,3 8.4 x D ILLUSTRATION *3 Positive pole Vent diaphragm 3 Gasket 4 Separator Anode (Lithium) 6 Cathode (Manganese Dioxide) 7 Tube 8 Insulator 9 PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient Device) Collector Cell can Negative pole * Capacity based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V or 4.V at. * In case of usage below ma discharge please consult Panasonic. * 3 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure. 33

34 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) CR- CR-3A DIMENSIONS (MM) ± ± CR- CR-3A Nominal capacity (mah) 8 Diameter (mm).6 Total height (mm) 7. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7* Weight (g). DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Nominal capacity (mah),4 Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 34. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7* Weight (g) 7. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3.. Pulse pattern: 9mA 3sec ON-7sec OFF (one cycle) 6 C C - C - C 3.. Pulse pattern: 9mA 3sec ON-7sec OFF (one cycle) ,,,4,6 Duration (cycle). 4 8,,6,,4 Duration (cycle) 34 * Please consult Panasonic for use below and above - to +.

35 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) CR CR-P DIMENSIONS (MM) CR- CR-P Nominal voltage (V) 6 Nominal capacity (mah),4 Diameter (mm) 34. x 7. Total height (mm) 4. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7* Weight (g) 38. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Nominal voltage (V) 6 Nominal capacity (mah),4 Diameter (mm) 3. x 9. Total height (mm) 36. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7* Weight (g) 37. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Pulse pattern: 9mA 3sec ON-7sec OFF (one cycle) Pulse pattern: 9mA 3sec ON-7sec OFF (one cycle) ,,6,,4 Duration (cycle). 4 8,,6,,4 Duration (cycle) * Please consult Panasonic for use below and above - to +. 3

36 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR CONSUMER) 4. CR-V3 DIMENSIONS (MM) ±. 4.4 ±. CR-V3 Nominal capacity (mah) 3,3 Diameter (mm) 8.4 x 4.4 Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7* Weight (g) 39. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3. Pulse discharge: ON-8mA,3sec OFF-7sec (one cycle) C. -,,,, 3, Duration (cycle) 36 * Please consult Panasonic for use below and above - to +.

37 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS) MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS) CYLINDRICAL TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES Ideal for industrial equipment, this series offers both excellent high-rate discharge performance and a long service life of up to ten years. FEATURES Stable impedance throughout battery life Operating temperature range: between -4 C ~ +7 C High discharge characteristics Long-term reliability Self discharge rate at is just % per year APPLICATIONS Medical equipment E-Call Tracking & RFID Smoke detectors Alarm systems Marine devices, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC CR-/3AZ 3, CR-AG 3, D ILLUSTRATION * Positive pole Vent diaphragm 3 Tube 4 Anode (Lithium) Separator 6 Cathode (Manganese Dioxide) 7 Insulator 8 PTC (Positive Temperature Coefficient Device) 9 Collector Cell can Negative pole * Capacity based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V or 4.V at. * The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure. 37

38 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES FOR PROFESSIONALS) CR-/3AZ Ø7. +. CR-AG Ø7. +. DIMENSIONS (MM) CR-/3AZ CR-AG Nominal capacity (mah),6 Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 33. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7 Weight (g) 7. PULSE DISCHARGE PERFORMANCE Nominal capacity (mah),4 Diameter (mm) 7. Total height (mm) 4. Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to +7 Weight (g) 4. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Operation voltage (V) 3... Base load: 3kΩ Pulse condition: 3mA-s -3 C Operation voltage (V) 3... Base load: 3kΩ -3 C 4 6 8,,,4,6 Depth of discharge (mah) 4 8,,6,,4 Depth of discharge (mah) 38

39 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES Panasonic Lithium BR coin type batteries feature high energy density, and were developed and commercialized using Panasonic s extensive experience in battery technology. They exhibit stable performance under high ambient temperatures. FEATURES Self discharge rate at is just.% per year Wide operating temperature range: between -3 C ~ +8 C Superior long-term reliability Years of experience in production APPLICATIONS Tracking & RFID Memory back-up Meters, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC BR BR BR BR BR-3 3. BR BR3 BR-33 3 BR D ILLUSTRATION * Negative pole Anode (Lithium) 3 Separator 4 Gasket Positive pole (cell can) 6 Cathode (Poly-Carbonmonofluoride) * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. * The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure. 39

40 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) BR- BR- DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø +.3 Ø +.3 Ø. Ø BR- BR- Nominal capacity (mah) 3 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g).7 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Duration (hours) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Load: (MΩ) (μa) Load: (MΩ) Load: (MΩ) (μa) (μa) 3..3 Voltage (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Nominal capacity (mah) 48 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Weight (g).8 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 3kΩ (9μA) OPERATING.8VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: 3kΩ (9μA) C C Load: (MΩ).6 (μa) C Load: (MΩ).6 (μa) Load: (MΩ) 4 6 (μa) C C Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) (ma) 3 Cut off voltage: V..3.. C Cut off 4 voltage: 6V C (ma) Cut off voltage: V The data in this (ma) document are for. descriptive.3 purposes.. only and. are not.3intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty * Voltage at % discharge depth. (ma) C..3 4 C Capacity Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah)

41 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) BR-63 BR-3 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø. Ø. +.3 Ø BR-63 BR-3 Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g) Load: 3kΩ (9μA). DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) 7,,, 7,,, 7,,, Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm). Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) Load: kω (8μA) Load: kω (8μA) Load: kω (8μA) ,,, ,,, ,,,4 3.4 OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* C Load: (MΩ) Load: (MΩ)..6. (μa) (μa) 8 C Load: (MΩ) Load: (MΩ) -. (μa) (μa) Load: (MΩ) C CAPACITY VS. (μa) LOAD RESISTANCE 3..3 CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: (MΩ) (μa) C Cut off voltage: V C Cut off voltage: V Load: (kω) (ma)..3.. Cut off voltage:. V.3 8 Load (kω) Load: 6(kΩ) 4 C (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or 3 warranty * Voltage at % discharge depth. 8 Load (kω) (ma) Cut off voltage: V Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) 4

42 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) Lithium battery holders for BR-3 These battery holders are designed for sure and easy loading/removal of Panasonic coin type Lithium batteries in/from equipment enabling the batteries to fully exploit their capabilities as the back-up power supply in C-MOS RAM memory and microcomputer memory. All of the battery holders are designed to prevent inverted insertion of the battery. BR-3 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø +. Ø BCRH4 BCRH BCRV4 BR-3 BCRH4 (3 terminals) Dimentions of terminal top Dimentions of of terminal top top R.3 R.3 R.3... BCRH ( terminals) ±.3 ±.3 ±.3 3.±. 7.8±. 3.±. 3.±. 7.8±. 7.8±.... BCRH4 BCRH4 BCRH4.±.3.±.3.± ± ±.3 8.6±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 Nominal capacity (mah) 6 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: kω (8μA) Load: kω (8μA) Load: kω (8μA) , , BCRH BCRH BCRH 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 Dimentions of terminal top Dimentions of of terminal top top R.3 R.3 R.3... BCRV4 (3 terminals) Dimentions of terminal top Dimentions of of terminal top top R.3 R.3 R ±. 7.8±. 3.±. 3.±. 7.8±. 7.8± ±. 3.±. 3.±..±.3.±.3.±.3..±.3...±.3.±.3 ±. ±. ±. BCRV4 BCRV4 BCRV4 8.8±. 8.8±. 8.8±. ±.3. ±.3 ± ±.3 7.±.3 7.±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* , C C.4 8 C -. 8 C Load: (MΩ) (μa) 3..3 Load: (MΩ) C.4 (μa) C CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: (MΩ) (μa) Precaution for washing battery holders The battery holders can be adversely affected by some detergents use in the circuit board washing process and may result 4 C C C Cut off voltage: V in cracks forming in the holder. Please test the holders in your 4 C Cut off voltage: V washing process before use. (ma) Load: (kω) (ma)..3. C C * Voltage at % discharge depth. Cut off voltage: V (ma) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah)

43 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) BR-33 BR-33 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø +. Ø9 Ø BR-33 BR-33 Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS, 4, 6, 8,,, 4, 6, 8,, OPERATING VOLTAGE 3.4 VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 3. Load: kω (3μA) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g). Load: kω (3μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS,, 7,,,, 7,, Load: kω (3μA) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS..LOAD RESISTANCE Load: (MΩ) 3 (μa) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V (ma) The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply Load: any (kω) guarantee or warranty * Voltage at % discharge depth. (ma) Cut off voltage: V Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah), 4, Duration 6, (hours) 8,, C Load: (MΩ). 8 C (μa) 8 C 3..3 Load: (MΩ) Load: (μa) (MΩ) (μa) Load: (MΩ).6 (μa) Load: (MΩ) (μa) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah),, 7,,,, 7,,,, 7,,,, 7,, 43

44 HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES HIGH OPERATING TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONO- FLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR-A SERIES) COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES The high energy density and the special material for gasket and separator make this battery series the ideal power supply in high ambient temperature applications. FEATURES Superior design for high temperature applications -4 C ~ + C Outstanding long-term reliability Years of experience in production Self discharge rate at is just.% per year APPLICATIONS Tyre Pressure Monitoring Systems (TPMS) Electronic Toll Collection (ETC) Heat cost allocators, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC BR-A* BR-63A* BR-33A* 3 BR-4A* BR-477A* 3, D ILLUSTRATION *3 Negative pole Anode (Lithium) 3 Separator 4 Gasket Positive pole (cell can) 6 Cathode (Poly-Carbonmonofluoride) * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. * Only batteries with terminals are available. * 3 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.

45 HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES BR-A BR-63A DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø +.3 Ø.3 Ø Ø BR-A BR-63A Nominal capacity (mah) 48 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to + Weight (g).8 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to + Weight (g). DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3. C C Load: 3kΩ (9μA) 3. C C Load: 3kΩ (9μA) ,,, 4

46 HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES BR-33A BR-4A DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø +. Ø Ø9 Ø BR-33A BR-4A Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to + Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to + Weight (g).9 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3. C Load: kω (8μA) C C 8 C Load: kω ,,6. 4 8,,6,,4,8 3, 3,6 46

47 HIGH TEMPERATURE POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES BR-477A DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø BR-477A Nominal capacity (mah), Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm) 7.7 Discharging temperature range ( C) -4 to + Weight (g) 8. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3. C Load:.kΩ (6μA) C 4 8,,6,,4 47

48 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) COIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES These batteries have a proven track record of excellence in equipment requiring high currents. Additionally Panasonic has many years of manufacturing experience with this battery technology. FEATURES Good pulse capability High discharge characteristics Stable voltage level during discharge Long-term reliability Self discharge rate at is just.% per year Temperature range -3 C ~ + APPLICATIONS Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Electricity meters Medical equipment Tracking & RFID, Vending machines, Price tags, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC CR CR CR CR6 CR CR CR CR CR66 CR CR6 CR CR CR CR CR6 CR CR CR CR3 CR CR33 CR CR34 CR CR CR4 CR-477 3, CR CR33 3D ILLUSTRATION * VIDEO 48 Negative pole Anode (Lithium) 3 Separator 4 Gasket Positive pole (cell can) 6 Cathode (Manganese Dioxide) * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. * The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure Scan QR code to view 3D animated video.

49 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR- CR-6 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø. +.3 Ø7.. Ø +.3 Ø CR- CR-6 Nominal capacity (mah) 3 Diameter (mm). Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g).7 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 8kΩ (6μA) Load: 8kΩ (6μA) Load: 8kΩ (6μA) Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Total height (mm).6 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g).7 Load: 3kΩ (9μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3 Duration (hours) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE.6. Load:.4 (kω) (ma) (ma) (ma) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Load:.6(kΩ) (ma).4..8 Load:.6 (kω).4 (ma). CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply Load: any (kω) guarantee or warranty * Voltage at % discharge depth. Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah)

50 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR- CR-6 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø +.3 Ø9..3 Ø Ø CR- CR-6 Nominal capacity (mah) 3 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g). DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Duration 3 (hours) Load:. (kω). (ma) (ma) (ma) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Nominal capacity (mah) 4 Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g) 3..8 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) 3. OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage (V) 3. CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) (ma) Load: (kω) (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V (ma) (ma) The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply Load: any guarantee (kω) or warranty. * Voltage at % discharge depth. (ma) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah)

51 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-66 CR-6 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø Ø Ø CR-66 CR-6 Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm).6 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g). DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage Voltage (V) (V) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Duration 3 (hours) Load:.4 (kω).4.(ma) (ma) (ma) Voltage Voltage (V) (V) Nominal capacity (mah) 7 Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Weight (g).3 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS , , OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* (ma) (ma) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Load: 3kΩ (9μA) , (ma) Cut off voltage: V 8 4 Cut off voltage: V (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V 4 Cut off voltage: V Cut off 3 voltage: 4 6 V (ma) (ma) (ma) * Cut off voltage: V Voltage at % discharge depth (ma) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah)

52 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-63 CR- DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø Ø. +.3 Ø CR-63 CR- Nominal capacity (mah) 4 Diameter (mm) 6. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to Weight (g).8 Load: kω (9μA) 3.4 Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) , , , DISCHARGE.8 TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage Voltage (V) (V) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* (ma) (mA) (ma) Voltage Voltage (V) (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm). Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Load: 3kΩ (9μA) Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 3kΩ (9μA) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Load: (MΩ) 3.4. (μa) 3..3 Load: (MΩ) (μa) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: (MΩ) 4 (μa) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V Load: 8(kΩ) (ma) Cut off. voltage:.v.3 6 (ma) Load: 4(kΩ) Cut off voltage: V (ma)..3. Cut off. voltage:. V.3 Load: 4 (kω) The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and 3 are 6 not intended to make or imply any (ma) guarantee or warranty * 3 Voltage at % discharge depth. (ma) Capacity Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah)

53 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-6 CR- DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø. +.3 Ø6. Ø Ø CR-6 CR- Nominal capacity (mah) 9 Diameter (mm). Total height (mm).6 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g).6 Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* (mA) Load:. (kω) (ma) CAPACITY VS. (ma) LOAD RESISTANCE Nominal capacity (mah) 6 Diameter (mm). Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) Duration 4 (hours) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) (ma) (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V Load: (kω) Load: 6 Cut off voltage: V (kω) 4(mA)..3 Cut. off voltage:.. V.3 (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V The data in this document are for descriptive purposes only and are not intended to make or imply any (ma) guarantee or warranty * Voltage at % discharge depth. (ma) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) (mah) 3

54 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-3 DIMENSIONS (MM) Lithium battery holders for CR-3 These battery holders are designed for sure and easy loading/removal of Panasonic coin type Lithium batteries in/from equipment enabling the batteries to fully exploit their capabilities as the back-up power supply in C-MOS RAM memory and microcomputer memory. All of the battery holders are designed to prevent inverted insertion of the battery. Ø. +.3 Ø CR-3 BCRH4 BCRH BCRV4 Nominal capacity (mah) BCRH4 (3 terminals) Diameter (mm). Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 ±.3 ±.3 ±.3 BCRH4 BCRH4 BCRH4 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 Weight (g) 3. Dimentions of terminal top Dimentions of of terminal top top.±.3.±.3.±.3 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) (V) 4 6 8,, 4 Duration 6 (hours) 8,, OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage (V) (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Cut off voltage: V Cut off 3 voltage: 4 6 V (ma) (ma) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) (ma) (ma) R.3 R.3 R.3... BCRH ( terminals) BCRV4 (3 terminals) 3.±. 3.±. 7.8±. 7.8± ± ±.3 8.6±.3 Dimentions of terminal top Dimentions of of terminal top top.±.3.±.3.± R.3 R.3 R.3... Dimentions of terminal top Dimentions of of terminal top top R.3 R.3 R.3... Precaution for washing battery holders The battery holders can be adversely affected by some detergents use in the circuit board washing process and may result in cracks forming in the holder. Please test the holders in your washing process before use. 3.±. 7.8±. 3.±. 7.8±. 3.±. 3.±. 7.8±. 7.8± ±. 3.±. 3.±... BCRH BCRH BCRH..±.3...±.3.±.3 ±. ±. ±. BCRV4 BCRV4 BCRV4 8.8±. 8.8±. 8.8±. ±.3. ±.3 ± ±.3 7.±.3 7.±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4±.3 4 * Voltage at % discharge depth.

55 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-33 CR-34 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø +. Ø9. Ø +. Ø CR-33 CR-34 Nominal capacity (mah) 6 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g) 4. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage Voltage (V) (V) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage Voltage (V) (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: kω (9μA) Load: kω (9μA) 4 8,,6 4 8,, Load: (MΩ).6 (μa) Load: (MΩ). (μa) 3..3 Nominal capacity (mah) 6 Diameter (mm) Total height (mm).4 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g).9 Load: 7.kΩ (38μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 7.kΩ (38μA) Load: 7.kΩ (38μA) 4 8,,6 OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V (ma) Cut off voltage: V The data in this document are for descriptive purposes Cut only off and voltage: are not Vintended to make or imply any (ma) guarantee or warranty * Voltage at % discharge depth (ma) (ma) Capacity (mah) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Load: kω (9μA) 4 8,, Load: (MΩ) (μa) 3..3 Voltage (V) Load: (MΩ).6. (μa) Load: (MΩ) (μa) Load: (MΩ) (μa) 3..3 Voltage (V) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) 4 8,,6 4 8,,6

56 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-4 CR-4 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø Ø Ø CR-4 CR-4 Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g) 3. Load: kω (9μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3. Load: kω (9μA) 3. Load: kω (9μA) Voltage Voltage (V) (V) Duration 3 (hours) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Load:.4 (kω). (ma) Load:. (kω) (ma) (ma) Voltage Voltage (V) (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Nominal capacity (mah) 6 Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g) 6.3 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage Voltage (V) (V) Load: 6.8kΩ (4μA) Load: 6.8kΩ (4μA) Load: 6.8kΩ (4μA) ,,,4,6, ,,,4,6, ,,,4,6,8 OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD (μa) RESISTANCE Load:... (MΩ) Load: (MΩ) (μa)... (μa)..... Load: (MΩ) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V 4 3 Cut off voltage: V 4.. Load: (kω) Load:. (kω) (ma)..3. Cut off. voltage:..3 (ma) V (ma) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V. Load:. (kω). The data in Load: this document (kω) (ma) are for descriptive purposes..3 only. and. are. not.3 intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty. (ma) (ma) * Voltage at % discharge depth. Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah)

57 MANGANESE DIOXIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (CR SERIES) CR-477 CR-33 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø Ø Ø CR-477 CR-33 Nominal capacity (mah), Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm) 7.7 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g). Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 3. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +6 Weight (g) 7. Load: 7.kΩ (38μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) (V) OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load:.7kΩ (6μA) Load:.7kΩ (6μA) Load:.7kΩ (6μA) C C C 7,, 7 7,,,, Duration (hours) C.6-4 C C Load: (MΩ).. Load: (MΩ) (ma)..... Load: (ma) (MΩ)..... (ma)... Voltage Voltage (V) (V) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS OPERATING VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: 7.kΩ (38μA) 4 6 8,,, Load:.6 (MΩ).8 (μa) Load: 7.kΩ (38μA) 4 6 8,,, ,,,4 3.4 Load: (MΩ) (μa) Load: (MΩ) (μa) 3..3, 6,,, 8, 4 6, C C 6 6 C 4 6 Cut off voltage: V 4 Cut off voltage: V , Load: 4 (kω) (ma) (ma) Cut off voltage: V 3 Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V, Load: (ma) (kω), The data in this document are.3 for descriptive.3 purposes only.3 (ma) and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee (ma) or warranty. Cut off voltage: V * Voltage at % discharge depth (ma) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) 7

58 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) PIN TYPE LITHIUM BATTERIES Panasonic offers a unique pin shape and space-saving design to meet the requirements of small-scale applications. FEATURES Superior design for high temperature applications -3 C ~ +8 C Outstanding long-term reliability Years of experience in production Self discharge rate at is just.% per year APPLICATIONS LED-type night fishing floats Various illumination products Fishing pole tip lights Toys, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC BR BR D ILLUSTRATION * Anode cap Gasket 3 Collector 4 Cathode (Poly-Carbonmonofluoride) Separator 6 Anode (Lithium) * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. * The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure.

59 POLY-CARBONMONOFLUORIDE LITHIUM BATTERIES (BR SERIES) BR-4 BR-43 DIMENSIONS (MM) + Ø4.. Ø. ±. + Ø4.. Ø. ±. min min BR-4 BR-43 Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm).9 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g).6 C Load: kω (.ma) Load: kω C (.ma) C 3 4 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage (V) OPERATING.6 VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* Voltage (V) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE Load: kω (.ma) C 3 4 C C C C.8 C (ma).4. C C (ma) (ma) Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 4. Total height (mm) 3.9 Discharging temperature range ( C) -3 to +8 Weight (g).9 Load: kω (ma) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS C Load: kω (ma) CLoad: kω (ma) C C 3 4 C C OPERATING VOLTAGE C VS. DISCHARGE CURRENT* 3 4 Duration (hours) C C.8.4 C (ma) C.8 C Load: (ma)(kω) (ma) CAPACITY VS. LOAD RESISTANCE 3 6 C 4 C C 3 6 C C C 4 C Cut off voltage:.8v C Cut off voltage:.8v (ma) C 3 C (ma) C Cut off voltage:.8v C Cut off voltage:.8v The data in this (ma) document Cut off voltage:.8v.4 are. for descriptive.8 purposes.6. only.4 and are not.3 intended to make or Load: imply (kω) any guarantee or warranty.. 3 Cut off 4 voltage:.8v * Voltage at % discharge depth. Load: (ma)(kω) (ma) (ma) Capacity Capacity (mah) (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) Capacity (mah) 9

60 3 RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES LITHIUM RECHARGEABLE COIN BATTERIES WITH REMARKABLE CHARACTERISTICS VIDEO Scan QR code to view product series video. Panasonic rechargeable Lithium coin batteries are designed chiefly for memory back-up applications such as computers, fax machines or data terminals. They stay reliable through many charge-discharge cycles, boast a very low self-discharge rate and deliver superior long-term reliability. 6

61 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) 3 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES These high quality Lithium coin batteries feature vanadium oxide for the positive pole, Lithium alloy for the negative pole and a non-aqueous solvent for the electrolyte. FEATURES Rechargeable Lithium technology Self discharge rate at is only % per year, charge-discharge cycles at % depth of discharge Superior long-term reliability Years of experience in production APPLICATIONS Real Time Clock (RTC) Tracking & RFID Remote Keyless Entry (RKE) Fax machines Remote control Mobile phones, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC VL-6* VL-* VL-* 3... VL-3* VL-33* VL-33* D ILLUSTRATION *3 Negative pole Anode (Lithium Aluminium alloy) 3 Separator 4 Gasket Positive pole (cell can) 6 Cathode (Vanadium Pentoxide) * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. * Only battery with terminal are handled. * 3 The illustration shows only one example of Lithium battery structure. 6

62 3 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) CHARGING Charging circuits Charging/discharging cycle Charging system* Operating temperature Approx., times at % discharge depth to nominal capacity Constant-voltage charging. (Please strictly adhere to the specified charge voltage) - to + VL-33 Approx. 4.mA or below (It is permissible for the current to increase beyond the above level when the battery voltage drops below 3V.) Mixed usage of batteries Do 4not use these batteries and Lithium primary batteries or other 3 VL-33 rechargeable batteries together, and do not use new batteries VL-33 Charging and old batteries together even if they are of the same type. completed Common to VL-6/Common to VL- VL- and VL-3 The charging circuit is crucial in terms of ensuring that full justice will be done to the battery characteristics. Consider it carefully as the wrong charging circuit can cause trouble. 3 4 Influence of the charge voltage on VL batteries Charge time (hours) Temperature Prohibited operating range Early battery deterioration region 6 C withstand voltage limit Precautions regarding the charge voltage setting Under no circumstances should constant current charging, which is used for Nickel-Cadmium batteries, be used. Ignoring this precaution will cause the battery voltage to rise to about V, resulting in a deterioration of performance. 3.4V V 3.6V VL VL V V wrong right Charge voltage range If a fixed-charging method is applied, please adhere to the specified charging voltage. The guaranteed value over an operating temperature range from - to + is 3.4V ±.V. (Actual value: 3.4V ±.V) If the charging voltage exceeds the specifications, the internal resistance of the battery will rise and may cause battery deterioration. Also,with a charge voltage around 4V, corrosion of the terminal (case) may occur, causing leakage. It is not possible for the battery capacity to recover completely when the charging voltage is below the specification. Charge voltage (V) 3. If the charge voltage goes beyond its adequate range, battery performance may deteriorate early. Be sure to observe the Cycle number guaranteed charge voltage. VL cycle life Cycle number Cycle number,,,,,,,e+9,e+8,e+7,e+6,e+ Adequate charge voltage range (guaranteed specified value) The lower the charging voltage becomes, the less the capacity becomes. Operational range Inadequate range DOD (%) DOD (%) VL cycle life (DOD > %) VL cycle life (DOD > %) VL cycle life (DOD < %) Recommended charging circuits - basic conditions Charge voltage: 3.4V ±.V Charge current: For a battery voltage of 3V VL-6 Approx..mA or below VL- Approx..mA or below VL- Approx..mA or below Cycle number,e+4 /,4 /,E+9,E+8,E+7,E+6,E+ /6 /8 /64 /3 /6 /8 /4 / DOD (%) VL cycle life (DOD < %) VL-3, VL-33 Approx. ma or below,e+4 /,4 / /6 /8 /64 /3 /6 /8 /4 / DOD (%) 6 * Consult with Panasonic concerning constant-current charging systems.

63 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) 3 Reference: Examples of charging circuits + D3 Standard circuits D : select a diode of small inverse current (I R =µa below/v) D, D : MA3X76 (Diode type code) D 3 : MA3X74, MAJ V V V V V V V V V V R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Patent Dacquired D3 Patent acquired R D D3 D D3 Patent acquired D D3 D Patent acquired D Patent acquired D Patent acquired D D Patent acquired D3 D VL D VL D VL D VL VL VL VL VL D Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load R R Charge current (max.) VL-6.kΩ.6kΩ.mA VL- 7Ω.8kΩ.mA VL- Ω Ω.mA VL-3, VL-33 Ω 39Ω ma VL-33 68Ω 8Ω 4.mA Simple economical circuits D: MAJ78 (Very small reverse current) Load with V applied ma below D,Vf ~.3V R R VL-6 6.kΩ.4kΩ VL- Ω 6Ω VL- 47Ω 8Ω VL-3, VL-33 39Ω Ω VL-33 8Ω 68Ω VF of D will be different from the value given above if a current in excess of ma flows to the load during operation. Compensation must be provided by the resistors in such cases. ZD VL ZD D R R Patent acquired D R D3 A MAZ336L MA3X74 3Ω Common to all types D V B MAZ336H MAJ78 7Ω ZD R D VL D D R D3 7.V - V Constant voltage + element Type VL-33 VL-33 VL-3 VL- VL- VL-6 Schottky R ZD R VL D A Not required 47Ω.kΩ D - R R V VL GND D B Not required 6Ω.6kΩ 7.V Constant voltage element ZD VL D : select a diode of small inverse current (I R =µa below/v) V Schottky R - D 7.V Constant voltage For minimizing current leakage element VL GND due to resistance, etc., as when charging by another battery. Schottky R D V 7.V Constant voltage element GND VL REG D Schottky R 3.7V MAJ78 V GND VL For details, refer to the constant voltage element specifications. Load Load Load 63

64 3 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) VL-6 VL- DIMENSIONS (MM) 9.9 (max.) 6. Ø Ø 4. Insulating tube.7..±.7..3± VL-6/DN 4..7 VL-/FCN VL-6 VL- Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm) 6.8 Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Load: 3kΩ (μa) Weight (g) 4.3.mAh (to V) 3 mah C (to V).9mAh (to V) Load: 3kΩ (μa) - 4.7mAh (to V).mAh (to V) 3 3 mah C (to V).9mAh (to V) -.7mAh (to V) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3 CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Nominal capacity (mah) 7. Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 4 Weight (g).8 Load: kω (3μA) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: kω (3μA) - - C C CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Duration (days) Duration (days) Cut off voltage: V , Consumption current (μa) 4 3 Cut off voltage: V , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) Cut off voltage: V , 3 Consumption current (μa) Cut off voltage: V , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) 64

65 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) 3 VL- VL-3 DIMENSIONS (MM). Insulating tube Insulating tube ±..7.±..7 VL- VL-3 Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm). Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g) 4. Load: 3kΩ (μa) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3 4 C Load: 3kΩ (μa) C CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Nominal capacity (mah) 3. Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g).7 4 Load: 3kΩ (μa) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 3 4 Load: 3kΩ (μa) - 3 C C 3 4 CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Duration (days) Duration (days) Cut off voltage: V 4 3 Cut off voltage: V , Consumption current (μa) , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) Duration (days) Cut off voltage: V 4 Cut off voltage: V , Consumption current (μa) , Consumption current (μa) 6

66 3 VANADIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (VL SERIES) VL-33 VL-33 DIMENSIONS (MM) Insulating tube Insulating tube.. 3..±.8.± ± VL-33 VL-33 Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g) 3. DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 3kΩ (μa) 3 Load: 3kΩ (μa) - C Duration - (hours) C CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm) 3. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g) 6. 4 DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 4 3 Load: kω (μa) 3 Load: kω (μa) CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Duration (days) Duration (days) Cut off voltage: V Cut off voltage: V , Consumption current (μa) , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) 4 Cut off voltage: V 3 4 Cut off voltage: V , , Duration (days) Consumption current (μa) Consumption current (μa) Cycles, 3, %, Memory backup range,, 3, % %,, Memory backup range, % %, % Cycles % 4 6 8% Depth of discharge (%) Depth of discharge (%)

67 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) 3 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES These super compact rechargeable Lithium batteries feature a Manganese compound oxide for the positive electrode, a Lithium/Aluminum alloy for the negative electrode and a special non-aqueous solvent for the electrolyte. They can easily be incorporated into circuits where 3V ICs are used to save space. FEATURES Rechargeable Lithium technology Self discharge rate at is only % per year, charge-discharge cycles at % depth of discharge Superior long-term reliability Years of experience in production APPLICATIONS Fax machine Memory back-up power supplies for mobile phones Tracking & RFID Pagers and other compact communications equipment Real Time Clock (RTC), etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC ML ML ML ML ML ML * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. 67

68 + Constant voltage element D ~.8V GND 3 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) - R ML Load CHARGING Charging circuits Charging/discharging cycle Charging system* Operating temperature Approx., times at % discharge depth to nominal capacity Constant-voltage charging. (Please strictly adhere to the specified charge voltage) - to + D3 ML-9, V ML- Approx..mA or below R ML- R V D D ML Patent acquired D V Mixed usage of batteries R ML Approx. ma or below Do not use these batteries and Lithium primary batteries or R Load Load V other rechargeable Patent acquired batteries together, and do not use new batteries and old batteries together even if they are of the same type. The charging circuit is crucial in terms of ensuring that full justice will be done to the battery characteristics. Consider it carefully as the wrong charging circuit can cause trouble. Influence of the charge voltage on ML batteries 3. Prohibited operating range Early battery deterioration region 6 C withstand voltage limit Precautions regarding the charge voltage setting Under no circumstances should constant current charging, which is used for Nickel-Cadmium batteries, be used. Ignoring Charge voltage (V) Adequate charge voltage range (guaranteed specified value) The lower the charging voltage becomes, the less the capacity becomes. Operational range this precaution will cause the battery voltage to rise to about Inadequate range V, resulting in a deterioration of performance. 68 Charge voltage range If a fixed-charging method is applied, please adhere to the specified charging voltage. Guaranteed voltage is.8v to V at the temperature of - to +. If the charging voltage exceeds the specifications, the internal resistance of the battery will rise and may cause battery deterioration. Also, with a charge voltage around 4V, corrosion of the terminal (case) may occur, causing leakage. It is not possible for the battery capacity to recover completely when the charging voltage is below the specification. Recommended charging circuits - basic conditions Fixed-voltage charge Charge voltage:.8 to V (Standard voltage: 3.V) Charge current: For a battery voltage of V ML-4 ML-64 ML-6 V V wrong ML 3.3V V Approx..mA or below Approx..3mA or below Approx..6mA or below 3.V right ML If the charge voltage goes beyond its adequate range, battery performance may deteriorate early. Be sure to observe the guaranteed charge voltage. ML cycle life Cycle number,,, DOD (%),E+4 /,4 / /6 /8 /64 /3 /6 /8 /4 / DOD (%) * Consult with Panasonic concerning constant-current charging systems. Cycle number Cycle number Cycle number,,,,e+9,e+8,e+7,e+6,e+,e+9,e+8,e+7,e+6,e+ ML cycle life (DOD > %) DOD (%) ML cycle life (DOD > %) ML cycle life (DOD < %),E+4 /,4 / /6 /8 /64 /3 /6 /8 /4 / DOD (%) ML cycle life (DOD < %)

69 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) 3 Reference: Examples of charging circuits V ~.8V - V + V ~.8V V - V V V V V V V V ~.8V Charge voltage (V) Constant voltage element R R R R GND Constant voltage element D3 D D D D ML D Constant Patent acquired voltage element R R R R R R R GND GND D3 D D ML D Patent acquired ML Patent acquired D3 D D D ML ML Patent acquired Patent acquired D ML R R R ML ML ML Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Load Early battery deterioration region Patent acquired 6 C withstand voltage limit Adequate charge voltage range (guaranteed specified value) Early battery deterioration region When Charging using another battery ML-4 REG D R V MAJ78 6.kΩ 3.V MAJ78.kΩ ML-64 REG D R V MAJ78.8kΩ 3.V MAJ78.kΩ ML-6 REG D R V MAJ78 9Ω 3.V MAJ78 7Ω ML-9 REG D R V MAJ78 47Ω 3.V MAJ78 39Ω ML- REG D R V MAJ78 47Ω 3.V MAJ78 39Ω ML- REG D R V MAJ78 8Ω 3.V MAJ78 Ω Standard circuits For D, select a diode of small inverse current (Ir=µA/V) D, D : MA3X76 (Diode type code) D 3 : MA3X74, MAJ78 R R ML-4.kΩ 9.kΩ ML-64.7kΩ.kΩ ML-6.kΩ kω ML-9 68Ω.3kΩ ML- 68Ω.3kΩ ML- 8Ω 33Ω Simple economical circuits Load µa below D,Vf ~.V R R ML-4 kω.kω ML-64.kΩ.7kΩ ML-6.4kΩ.3kΩ ML-9 kω Ω Prohibited operating range ML- kω Ω ML- 33Ω 8Ω VF of D will be different from the value given above if a current in excess of µa flows to the load during operation. Compensation must be provided by the resistors in such cases. Operational range The lower the charging voltage becomes, the less the capacity becomes. Prohibited operating range 6 C withstand voltage limit Inadequate range Operational range Adequate charge voltage range The lower the charging Prohibited operating range Early battery deterioration region oltage (V)

70 3 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) ML-4 ML-64 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø Ø4.±.3. (min.) Ø.±.3. (min.) ML-4 ML-64 Nominal capacity (mah).3 Diameter (mm) 4.8 Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g). 4. Load: MΩ (μa) Load: MΩ (μa) Discharge capacity (mah). DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS... Discharge capacity (mah) CHARGE VOLTAGE VS. DISCHARGE CAPACITY Nominal capacity (mah) 3.4 Diameter (mm) 6.8 Total height (mm).4 Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g). DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 3kΩ (8μA) Load: 3kΩ (8μA) Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah). Load: MΩ Load: MΩ... Cut off voltage: V Charge voltage (V). Cut off voltage: V Charge voltage (V) Duration (days),,, Duration (days),,,,,, Consumption current (μa),,, Consumption current (μa) 7

71 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) 3 ML-6 ML-9 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø9. max...8±. Ø Ø. (max.). (min.). ±. (3.3)..7 max ML-9/DN ML-6 ML-9 Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm) 6.8 Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g). Voltage (V) 4. Load: kω (μa) Load: kω (μa) Load: kω (μa) 3... Charge characteristics: 3.V, kω, 4hrs Discharge capacity (mah).. Charge characteristics: - 3.V, kω, 4hrs Charge characteristics: 3.V, kω, 4hrs Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS CHARGE CHARACTERISTICS Voltage V.9 3. Voltage.9 Voltage.8.. kω V ML V. Current.. kω.4. ML kω.4. Current. 3 3 ML Current CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME,,, Current (ma) Current (ma) Current (ma) Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm) 9. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g).4 DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Duration (days) Duration (days),,,,,, Load: 7kΩ (3μA) Load: 7kΩ (3μA) Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah),,, Consumption current (μa),,, Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) Duration (days) Duration (days),,,,,,, Consumption current (μa),,, Consumption current (μa),,, The data in this document are for Consumption descriptive purposes current (μa) only and are not intended to make or imply any guarantee or warranty. 7

72 3 MANGANESE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (ML SERIES) ML- DIMENSIONS (MM) Insulating tube ML- Ø.±.3 4. Insulating tube.9 ± ±. ML-/FAN ML-/VAN ML- ML- Nominal capacity (mah) 7. Diameter (mm) Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g).8 DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS Load: kω (4μA) Load: kω (4μA) Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) Nominal capacity (mah) 4. Diameter (mm). Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g). DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS Load: kω (μa) Load: kω (μa) Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME,, CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME,, Duration (days) Duration (days),,,,,,, Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) Duration (days),,,,,,, Consumption current (μa),,, Consumption current (μa),,, Consumption current (μa) 7

73 TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) 3 TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) COIN TYPE RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES These coin type Manganese Titanium Rechargeable Lithium coin batteries use a Lithium- Manganese complex oxide for the positive pole and a special Lithium-Titanium complex oxide for the negative pole. They provide a capacity which is more than times that of capacitors of the same size. FEATURES Rechargeable Lithium technology Superior long-term reliability Years of experience in production charge-discharge cycles up to V or discharge limit voltage (at % depth of discharge) APPLICATIONS Main power supplies in compact products such as rechargeable watches Memory back-up power supply for pagers, timers, etc. Electrical characteristics at Dimensions with tube (mm) Approx. Nominal Nominal* Diameter Total height weight (g) voltage (V) capacity (mah) IEC MT MT MT * Based on standard drain and cut off voltage down to V at. 73

74 3 TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) CHARGING Charging circuits Charging/discharging cycle Charging system* Operating temperature Approx. times at % discharge depth to nominal capacity Constant-voltage charging. (Please strictly adhere to the specified charge voltage) to + MT-6 Approx..mA or below MT-9 Approx..mA or below Mixed usage of batteries Do not use these batteries and Lithium primary batteries or other rechargeable batteries together, and do not use new batteries and old batteries together even if they are of the same type. The charging circuit is crucial in terms of ensuring that full justice will be done to the battery characteristics. Consider it carefully as the wrong charging circuit can cause trouble. Influence of the charge voltage on MT batteries Prohibited operating range Early battery deterioration region Precautions regarding the charge voltage setting 6 C withstand voltage limit Under no circumstances should constant current charging, which is used for Nickel-Cadmium batteries, be used. Ignoring this precaution will cause the battery voltage to rise to about V, resulting in a deterioration of performance. Charge voltage (V)..4 Adequate charge voltage range (guaranteed specified value) The lower the charging voltage becomes, the less the capacity becomes. Operational range Inadequate range V V.3V If the charge voltage goes beyond its adequate range, battery performance may deteriorate early. Be sure to observe the MT MT guaranteed charge voltage. V V wrong right Charge voltage range If a fixed-charging method is applied, please adhere to the specified charging voltage. Guaranteed voltage is.8v to.6v at the temperature of to +. If the charging voltage exceeds the specifications, the internal resistance of the battery will rise and may cause battery deterioration. Also, with a charge voltage around 3V, corrosion of the terminal (case) may occur, causing leakage. It is not possible for the battery capacity to recover completely when the charging voltage is below the specification. Recommended charging circuits - basic conditions Fixed-voltage charge Charge voltage:.8 to.6v (Standard voltage:.v) Charge current: For a battery voltage of.3v MT-6 Approx..36mA or below 74 * Consult with Panasonic concerning constant-current charging systems.

75 TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) 3 MT-6 MT-6 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø Ø Ø MT-6 MT-6 Nominal voltage (V). Nominal capacity (mah).8 Diameter (mm).8 Total height (mm).6 Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g). Load: 3kΩ DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS. Load: 3kΩ.... Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) Nominal voltage (V). Nominal capacity (mah) Diameter (mm) 6.8 Total height (mm). Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g).3 Load: 3kΩ. Load: 3kΩ Discharge capacity (mah). DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS Discharge capacity (mah) CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Duration (days) Cut off voltage:.v , Consumption current (μa) 3 Cut off voltage:.v , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) Duration (days) Cut off voltage:.v , Consumption current (μa) 3 Cut off voltage:.v , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) 7

76 3 TITANIUM RECHARGEABLE LITHIUM BATTERIES (MT SERIES) MT-9 DIMENSIONS (MM) Ø Ø MT-9 Nominal voltage (V). Nominal capacity (mah). Diameter (mm) 9. Total height (mm) Discharging temperature range ( C) - to +6 Weight (g). Load: 3kΩ DISCHARGE CHARACTERISTICS Load: 3kΩ. Load: 3kΩ Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) CONSUMPTION CURRENT VS. DURATION TIME Duration (days) 3 Cut off voltage:.v 3 Cut off voltage:.v 3 3 Cut off voltage:.v , 3 Consumption current (μa) , 3 Consumption current (μa) , Consumption current (μa) Duration (days) Duration (days) DISCHARGE TEMPERATURE CHARACTERISTICS 76 Load: 3kΩ Load: 3kΩ. Load: 3kΩ Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah) Discharge capacity (mah)

77 LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING 4 LONG-STANDING EXPERIENCE IN HIGH QUALITY WELDING AND SOLDERING METHODS Due to Panasonic s long experience in quality welding and soldering methods, our customers can always expect the best terminal solution for their application. Our comprehensive line-up of different terminal types covers nearly every requirement and custom-made solutions are possible as well. 77

78 4 LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING BATTERY TERMINALS Terminal welding For terminal welding on the battery, it is quite important to establish the best welding method and its best conditions in order to keep the strong weld strength without any damages on the battery performances. Panasonic mainly use the Laser welding method which is applicable to attach terminals on even quite small batteries that the spot welding hardly to do for. Therefore, our products can correspond exactly and flexibly to various applications. Also, we have established our own high reliable welding capability with a lot of amount of testing data to search the best weld condition for each various combinations of various battery sizes and terminal shapes, which can be provided for widespread equipments and devices. Soldering on PCB On the edge of all terminal, Tin plating is applied for increasing the reliability of soldering instead of the solder plate in order to consider influences on environments. conditions inside the dipping device,that the battery body temperature may rise after dipping due to the residual heat retained. When a post-dipping temperature rise is observed, review the temperature conditions and consider a dipping time reduction or a way of forcibly cooling the batteries after dipping. Basic conditions Solder dipping bath temperature Not exceed Dipping duration Number of dipping Within sec. Within times Cautions Example where the terminals were soldered straight onto a coin type Lithium battery, the terminals were connected to a PC board or other electronic components, and the heat generated by the soldering adversely affected the battery, resulting in a deterioration of the battery characteristics: The heat generated when terminals are mounted using solder causes Lithium to melt. The separator melts and becomes perforated. Tin \ı c plating (on Ni plating) Tin \ı c plating (on Ni plating) The positive and negative poles are welded together, causing internal shorting. Complete Line-up Panasonic offers a full range of batteries with terminals for various PCB mounting. Since the terminals come in a variety types, please contact Panasonic for further details. On the other Solder hand, we also provide battery holders for some limited sizes. Terminal Welding SOLDERING LITHIUM BATTERIES Cathode cap Lithium* Separator* Using a soldering iron Cathode Do not allow the soldering iron to make direct contact with the bodies of the batteries. Proceed with the soldering quickly within seconds while maintaining the iron tip temperature at about 3 C, and do not allow the temperature of the battery bodies to exceed 8 C. (Heat resistance BR type is C) Automatic dip-soldering bath Soldering with a dip-soldering bath can be used by condition but do not allow the temperature of the battery bodies exceed 8 C. It is important to note, depending on the temperature Soldering In terms of the battery characteristics, the open-circuit voltage and electrical capacity are both reduced. Tin \ı c plating (on Ni plating) Tin \ı c plating (on Ni plating) The battery loses its functions or it bursts in rare cases. Terminal Solder Welding Cathode cap Lithium* Separator* Cathode 78 * Metal whose melting point is about 8 C * Non woven cloth of polypropylene whose melting point is about 6 C

79 LITHIUM BATTERY TERMINALS AND SOLDERING 4 TERMINAL TYPES Panasonic offers a broad range of different tabs for our Lithium batteries in order to meet all customer needs. In addition tailormade solutions are possible as well. H TYPE V TYPE G TYPE T TYPE F TYPE S TYPE BR-/A With axial pin terminal (.) (Ø4) (Ø.6) (4 max.) () (4 max.) ( ) : Reference dimension (unit: mm) (Ø.8) (or Ø.) 79

80 STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS PRODUCT CERTIFICATIONS UL approved batteries All our Lithium batteries are in compliance with UL 64 (primary and secondary lithium batteries) - file number MH. These requirements cover lithium batteries intended for use in technician-replaceable or user-replaceable applications. FACTORY CERTIFICATIONS CR- (CR), CR-3 (CR3), CR-33 (CR33), CR-34 (CR34), CR-4 (CR4) IEC Requirements for primary lithium batteries to ensure their safe operation under intended use and reasonably foreseeable misuse. Applicable products in this catalogue: BR, CR LITHIUM BATTERY TRANSPORTATION All our production sites are ISO 9 und ISO 4 certified. Moriguchi, Japan and Jakarta, Indonesia sites are additionally certified towards TS Moriguchi, Japan is also certified according to OHSAS 8. APPLICABLE STANDARDS IEC 686- Standardization of primary batteries with respect to their electrochemical system, dimensions, nomenclature, terminal configurations, markings, test methods, typical performance, safety and environmental aspects. Applicable products in this catalogue: BR-/3A (BR733), BR-/3AG (BR733), CR- (CRH7), CR-3A (CR734), CR- (CR), CR-P (CRP), BR- (BR), BR-3 (BR3), CR- (CR), CR-6 (CR6), CR- (CR), CR-66 (CR-66), CR-6 (CR6), CR- (CR), CR-6 (CR6), CR- (CR), CR-3 (CR3), CR-33 (CR33), CR-34 (CR34), CR-4 (CR4), CR-33 (CR33) IEC 686- Complements the general information and requirements of IEC IEC Specifies dimensions, designation, methods of tests and requirements for primary batteries for watches. Applicable products in this catalogue: BR- (BR), BR-3 (BR3), CR- (CR), CR-6 (CR6), CR- (CR), CR-66 (CR-66), CR-6 (CR6), CR- (CR), CR-6 (CR6), The transportation of lithium batteries is regulated by the International Air Transport Association (IATA), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) and Accord européen relatif au transport international des marchandises Dangereuses par Route (ADR). All batteries are approved in accordance to UN Spezial Provision SP 88 Manual of Tests & Criteria Part III Subsection Transport test related to UN 38.3 Revision Amendment reports are available on request. Transport by road/rail UN 39 takes place under ADR/RID. Transport by sea UN 39 takes place under IMDG Code 4. Transport by air UN 39 takes place under IATA DGR 6th Edition. SECURITY EXPORT CONTROL Security export control entails observing the legislation provided to maintain international peace and safety by preventing the proliferation of weapons of massive destructions (nuclear weapons, chemical warfare weapons, biological weapons and missiles) and the excessive buildup of conventional weapons. COCOM, the committee that imposed controls on exports to the Communist bloc, was disbanded on March 3, 994. Later, as part of a new export control regime, Russia 8

81 STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS and Eastern European countries joined with the previously affiliated nations of COCOM (Japan, America and Europe) and established the Wassenaar Arrangement for dual-use goods & technologies related to conventional weapons. According to the Export Trade Control Order revised by the Japanese Ministry of Economy, Trade & Industry in May 8, batteries listed in this catalog are classified as batteries not cells, and will therefore not be controlled by (7) in annex Table to the Order. The above notwithstanding, these batteries may be subject to the regulations depending on their ultimate destination, application and other conditions. When a certificate of classification is required for exportation, etc. or if you have any queries, contact a Panasonic sales representative. 8

82 6 AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS AVOIDING HAZARDS Case Study and Explanation To store batteries, place each of the batteries in the sections provided on the designated tray in such a way that they will not make contact with one another. Ignition, new batteries were taken out from the -piece tray containers and thrown randomly into a cardboard box where they were stacked on top of one another. About 3 minutes later, smoke was seen emanating from the batteries followed by ignition several minutes after that. Generating Heat cylindrical type Lithium batteries with tab terminals were placed in a -piece tray one battery more than the capacity of the -piece tray. Two of the batteries were placed together with their poles reversed. As a result, the tab terminals came into contact with each other, causing external shorting, and the temperature of the two batteries rose dramatically, generating heat and causing the tubes to burst. Since two batteries were placed in a space (indicated by the arrow) allocated to one battery, their terminals made contact with each other, and external shorting resulted. Case study: Ignition of batteries stacked together Rupture This particular case involves batteries which were packed in trays and destined for OEMs. The batteries were packed in an intermediate package consisting of trays with each tray containing (or 4) batteries, and the trays were stacked on top of each other. The intermediate package (of the trays) was opened at the distribution stage of our operations, and five of the trays were delivered to one customer. Since the trays were stored at an angle inside the box, the batteries fell out of their positions on the trays and became stacked up on the bottom inside the small box. As a result, some of the batteries burst. Generating heat and deterioration of capacity To store batteries, place each of the batteries in the sections provided on the designated tray in such a way that they will not make contact with one another. Case study: Bursting of batteries stacked on top of one another 8

83 AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS 6 PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS Reduction of battery voltage and deterioration of capacity Fig. A terminal-mounted battery was inserted into a conductive mat. The battery charge was exhausted in several days. () Reduction of battery voltage and deterioration of capacity through contact with antistatic conductive materials Incidents have been reported where terminal-mounted batteries for memory back-up or coin type Lithium batteries have come into contact with antistatic conductive materials, thus forming external discharge circuits and leading to voltage drops or capacity deterioration. In manufacturing plants using ICs, LSI and other semiconductor components, thoroughgoing antistatic measures are taken. Various protective materials are used to prevent static: most of them have special compounds of carbon, aluminum foil and other metals and are therefore conductive. These protective materials are used, for example, in the form of packaging bags, trays, mats, sheets, films, corrugated boards and resin cases Fig. Battery-mounted PC boards were inadvertently brought Spacer Conductive mat into contact with spacers and a conductive rubber sheet. The battery charge was exhausted. Rubber sheet Rubber sheet - Conductive mat + Spacer Exclusive grounding line Conductive rubber sheet + Exc Con Conduc Conductive A protective material may have a resistance ranging from 3 to 6Ω/cm, for instance. This means that Conductive if the mat and Fig. 3 A battery-mounted PC board was inadvertently brought into contact with a conductive resin case. The battery charge terminals of a battery come into contact with this material, a current ranging from several milliamperes to several microamperes will flow and the battery will discharge, causing Spacer voltage drop and capacity deterioration. was exhausted. Conductive rubber sheet Rubber sheet When batteries are to be used near protective materials, take every possible care to ensure that the and terminals of the batteries or PC boards, etc. on which batteries are mounted do not touch these protective materials directly. Conductive resin case Fig. 4 A battery was placed directly on a rubber sheet spread over a worktable. The and terminals were in contact with the sheet and the battery charge was exhausted. Exclusive grounding line - + Conductive rubber sheet Conductive mat Conductive rubber sheet Spacer 83 Rubber sheet

84 6 AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS () Reduction of battery voltage and deterioration of capacity through contact between batteries Incidents have been reported where terminal-mounted batteries for memory back-up or coin type Lithium batteries have come into contact each other, thus forming discharge circuits (shorted state) and leading to voltage drops or capacity deterioration. Observe the following precautions.. Remove the batteries from the tray one at a time. If the tray is turned upside down, the batteries will come into contact with each other, forming discharge circuits.. Do not place batteries randomly in a parts box or other container. Discharge circuits will be formed by multiple batteries coming into contact numbers of the batteries, causing the batteries to discharge and drain. Recommended procedures Prohibited procedures Utilize the the tray tray lid lid in taking out out batteries Do Do not not throw batteries randomly into into a parts a parts box box by by turning over over trays trays containing batteries. Intermediate package ( ( batteries): pieces trays trays Tray Tray containing batteries Trays Trays containing batteries Lid Lid tray tray (tray (tray with with no no hole) hole) Batteries Parts Parts box box Discharge circuits Trays Trays containing batteries Batteries being being exhausted Lid Lid tray tray Protruding part part Battery being being exhausted Battery being being exhausted Lay Lay a tray a tray lid lid flat flat and and place place a tray a tray containing batteries on on top top of of it: it: batteries are are pushed up up by by protrusions of of the the lid lid tray tray so so that that they they can can be be easily picked up up with with fingers. Contact of of batteries with with each each other other forms discharge circuits, thus thus the the batteries are are drained. 84

85 AVOIDING HAZARDS AND PREVENTING QUALITY PROBLEMS 6 Memory Erasure Problems Coin type Lithium batteries are often used as the power supplies for memory back-up in various equipment. However problems with the erasure of valuable data in the memory due to improper contact between the batteries and equipment have been reported. Reference samples see Fig. -6 Fig. Soldering. When batteries are to be used continuously for a prolonged period. Select tab terminal-mounted batteries, and solder the tabs to the battery connection terminals of the equipment. (See fig. ) When batteries need to be replaced, use a battery holder (see fig. ) or battery with lead wire connectors (see fig. 3). Battery holders made by Panasonic (exclusively for the CR-3 and BR-3, see fig. ) are available for use.. When batteries need to be replaced in the short term, select batteries with no terminals or lead wire connectors. Use of Y-shaped terminals (-point contact) for both the and poles as the shape of the connection terminals in the equipment helps to achieve a more stable contact. (See fig. 4) The contact pressure of the contacts should be no less than to N (approx. to,gf). (See fig. ) To prevent momentary contact failure of several milliseconds in the circuit, the use of a tantalum capacitor, etc. with a capacitance of several microfarads is effective. (See fig. 6) For the connection terminals of the equipment, use iron or stainless steel with nickel plating at the very least. Goldplating is more suitable when the contact resistance must be reduced. Note: Do not touch batteries with bare hands because perspiration (salt), body oil, etc. will increase the surface resistance which may lead to defective contact. Fig. Fig. 3 Fig. 4 Fig. Excessive load ~N Fig. 6 ~N ~N ~N ~N ~N IC IC IC IC IC 8

86 CONTACT United Kingdom/Ireland Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU) Willoughby Road Bracknell Berkshire RG 8FP England Phone: Fax: Panasonic Italia Branch Office of Panasonic Marketing Europe GmbH Viale dell Innovazione 3 6 Milano Italy Phone: Fax: Spain/Portugal Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU) Sucursal en España Parque Sant Cugat, Via Augusta - Edificio B Planta 4 Oficina Sant Cugat del Valles Barcelona Spain Phone: Fax: France Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU), rue des petits ruisseaux 937 Verrières-le-Buisson France Phone: Fax: Germany (all other European countries) Panasonic Automotive & Industrial Systems Europe GmbH (PAISEU) Winsbergring Hamburg Germany Phone: Fax: and website for all countries App. and online version Website for Panasonic Battery Finder Get more information on Panasonic Battery Finder website. battery-finder App Stores for Panasonic Battery Finder The Panasonic Battery Finder is available for Android and ios (iphone) devices and can be downloaded free of charge in app stores. Scan QR code to go to app store and download app. Notice to Readers It is the responsibility of each user to ensure that every battery application is adequately designed safe and compatible with all conditions encountered during use, and in conformance with existing standards and requirements. This literature contains information concerning cells and batteries manufac tured by Panasonic Corporation. This information is descriptive only and is not intended to make or imply any representation, guarantee or warranty with respect to any cells and batteries. Cell and battery designs are subject to modification without notice. This catalog has been produced using un chlo ri nated paper. For more details please contact: Panasonic is a registered trademark of Panasonic Corporation. Printed in Germany Panasonic Corporation

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