1 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY SURVIVAL GUIDE for Incoming Students at Szent István University, Gödöllô
3 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY SURVIVAL GUIDE for Incoming Students at Szent István University, Gödöllô
4 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Welcome to Szent István University's Gödöllô Campus! Before you start reading this booklet, we would like you to know that we are happy to have you here at the university, and will do everything we can to make your stay and studies pleasant and useful. Contact Information Institutional Erasmus and CEEPUS coordinator, head of International Relations Office: Zsuzsanna Tarr, PhD Phone: / Erasmus Coordinator for incoming students: Veronika Csapó Phone: / Erasmus Coordinator for outgoing students: Dorottya Dedon-Mezei Phone: / Academic coordinators for non-erasmus students: Faculty of Mechanical Engineering László Máthé Faculty of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Ágnes Lendvai 4 Szent István University, Gödöllô Contact Information
5 Our Rector's Welcome Message DEAR READER, It is my pleasure to welcome you and tell you about one of the most outstanding higher educational institutions in Hungary, Szent István University (SZIU). More than 18,000 students study at the 7 campuses of the university. In addition to conventional agricultural and environmental sciences, SZIU offers courses in veterinary medicine, mechanical engineering, economy and social sciences, architecture, water supply management, medical sciences as well as applied arts. The university headquarters are located in picturesque Gödöllô, but altogether 9 faculties and an institution located in Budapest, Jászberény, Békéscsaba, Szarvas and Gyula accommodate our students. Most of the schools of Szent István University have up to two-centuries of history. The university offers an exceptional blend of quality traditional and modern teaching, research and educational activities. Students may choose from various fields of study, ranging from mechanical engineering to natural sciences, economics or social sciences in programs which meet or exceed European scale and quality standards. Graduates can use their highly respected diplomas to gain meaningful, well-paying employment in many different fields. We have been an active member in EU exchange programs for more than 10 years and have more than 50 bilateral university agreements or letters of intent. It is among our top priorities to strengthen our external relations on local, regional, national and international levels. Szent István University operates in cooperation with more than 100 partner institutions in 50 countries on 5 continents. We are not here for loud propaganda or false promises. The efficiency of all we offer is continuously put to the test by our students and graduates. The career opportunities provided by an education at Szent István are highly valued. Our Rector s Welcome Message Szent István University, Gödöllô 5
6 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY The buildings and the surroundings of our university campuses are among the most beautiful in the country. We offer quality, recently renovated student hostels where there are clubs and other facilities for students to enjoy their free time. All of this makes university life for the students truly unique and memorable. This is the everyday experience of all those who join us. I hope that I have given a taste of Szent István University in this short summary. I want you to see how we have become, through the efforts of so many people, one of the most outstanding universities in Hungarian and foreign higher education. It is worth coming to SZIU and studying here! Szent István University Prof. László Solti Rector 6 Szent István University, Gödöllô Our Rector s Welcome Message
7 Hungary in the Heart of Europe Official name: Republic of Hungary Area: km2 Population: Neighbouring countries: Austria, Slovakia, Ukraine, Romania, Serbia, Croatia, Slovenia Official language: Hungarian State form: Parliamentary republic Capital and the largest city: Budapest (population: ) Largest cities: Debrecen, Miskolc, Szeged, Pécs, Gyôr Currency: Forint (HUF) Time zone: CET (GMT +1) Major rivers: Danube (417 km), Tisza (597 km) Largest lakes: Balaton, Lake Velence Highest point above sea level: Kékes (1014 m) in the Mátra Hills Hungary is a member of OECD, NATO, EU and a Schengen state. Hungary in the Hart of Europe Szent István University, Gödöllô 7
8 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Administratively, Hungary is divided into 19 counties. In addition, the capital city, Budapest, is independent of any county government. Climate and weather Hungary is in the temperate zone, and has a relatively dry continental climate. There are big differences between the weather in the four seasons, summers are hot and winters are cold. Average temperatures range from -1 C in January to 21 C in July, but the minimum temperature can be as cold as -16 C in the winter or the maximum as hot as 39 C in the summer. Hungary is protected from extreme weather conditions by the surrounding mountain ranges, the Alps and the Carpathians. Useful links: Geography Hungary is a landlocked country, situated in the Carpathian Basin. Its two longest rivers, the Danube and Tisza, divide Hungary into three parts: Transdanubia, the plain between the Duna and the Tisza, and the Trans-Tisza region. Hungary's 'mountains' are actually hills that seldom exceed an elevation of 1000 metres. Two-thirds of Hungary's geographic area is less than 200 metres above sea level. Lake Balaton, covering 598 sq. km, is one of the biggest tourist attractions of the country. The lake's average depth is two to three metres, and the waters warm up quickly in summer. There are five national parks in Hungary. Two of them, situated on the Great Plain - Hortobágy and Kiskunság - protect the wildlife and the fragile wetlands, marsh and saline grasslands of the open puszta. Two more are in the north: the almost completely wooded Bükk Hills and the Aggtelek region with its extensive system of karst caves. The smallest park is at Lake Fertô on the Austrian border. 8 Szent István University, Gödöllô Hungary in the Hart of Europe
9 Hungary is home to more than 2000 flowering plant species, many of which are not normally found at this latitude. There are a lot of common European animals here (deer, wild hare, boar, otter) as well as some rare species (wild cat, lake bat, Pannonian lizard), but three-quarters of the country's 450 vertebrates are birds, especially waterfowl attracted by the rivers, lakes and wetlands. Language The official language is Hungarian, which forms part of the Finno-Ugric language family. Hungarians call their language magyar. Although Hungary is located in Central Europe, Hungarian is not related to any of the languages that surround it. Hungarian is spoken by 10 million people in Hungary. There are also sizeable populations of Hungarian speakers in Romania, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Israel, and the U.S. Smaller pockets of Hungarian speakers also live in Canada, Slovenia, and Austria. The largest Cities of Hungary Budapest Capital city of Hungary and the country's principal political, cultural, commercial, industrial and transportation centre. With its almost two million inhabitants it is the biggest and most densely populated city in the country. One in every five Hungarian citizens lives in Budapest, and over half of the nation's GDP is generated here. Half of the university students study in the capital, and the majority of professors teach here, too. The proportion of researchers working in Budapest is even higher. The city itself lies on the banks of the Danube which divide it into 2 parts: Buda, dominated by hills and slopes, and the plain Pest. Hungary in the Hart of Europe Szent István University, Gödöllô 9
10 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Budapest is a city of diversity, where you can find the marks of different historical eras: to feel the Turkish atmosphere go and see the burial monument of Gül baba; then the rustic streets and monuments of the Castle district; you can witness the rapid transformation that took place during the 19th century by walking along the Andrássy út or the boulevards. If you are one for undisturbed calm, take a stroll in the villa quarters in Rózsadomb. The capital is rich in historical monuments, there are countless architectural treasures, such as the Parliament or the Opera House, the Szent István Basilica and the Buda Castle. Besides, there are numerous sites and various events to see: more than 200 museums and 40 theatres; festivals throughout the year; around 80 thermal springs and spas. The list is endless... Debrecen Pécs The city of Pécs was selected as European Capital of Culture for Miskolc Gyôr Szeged Baradla cave (Aggletek) /Photo: Celine Roodhart/ 10 Szent István University, Gödöllô Hungary in the Hart of Europe
11 World Heritage Sites Today Hungary has eight locations on the World Heritage List: Budapest: Danube Bank View, Buda Castle District and Andrássy Avenue This encompasses the area on the Buda side which stretches from the Buda abutment of Petôfi Bridge across Gellért Hill and Tabán up to Castle Hill (Várhegy) and the Water town (Víziváros), and on the Pest side, from the Pest abutment of Margaret Bridge to Petôfi Bridge. Andrássy Avenue was added to the list as it presents a uniform architectural image of Budapest, connecting Elizabeth Square, in the capital's innermost area, with Heroes' Square. The old village of Hollókô and its surroundings The old part of Hollókô village, a settlement nestling in the Cserhát Hills, has preserved its distinctive traditions to this day. Hollókô was the first village to be declared a World Heritage Site. The history of the village goes back to the 13th century, when after the Mongol invasion the castle was built on Szár Hill. The name (holló=raven, kô=stone) perhaps, comes from the legend in which the lord of a castle kidnapped a pretty maiden, whose nurse was a witch and closed her into a room of the castle. The nurse made a pact with the devil to rescue the girl: the devil's minions, disguised as ravens, took the stones of the castle away. The village is not just an open-air museum that exhibits folk traditions, but also a living village where traditions and everyday life go hand in hand. Aggtelek National Park This area which stretches across the border is extremely rich in caves. There is a spectacular, 22 kilometre long system of caves in the region. Dazzling rock and crystal formations with names that include Dragon's Head, Tiger, Mother in Law's Tongue and the Hall of Giants - as well as dozens of underground lakes and winding passages - can be explored as part of a number of guided tours. World Heritage Sites Szent István University, Gödöllô 11
12 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY The Benedictine Arch abbey of Pannonhalma and its natural surroundings The Arch abbey is one of the oldest historical monuments in Hungary. The first Benedictine monks settled here in 996. Its 1000-year history can be seen in the succession of architectural styles of the monastic buildings (the oldest dating from 1224), which even today house a school and the monastic community. Hortobágy National Park It became a national park in 1973, making it the first of the kind in Hungary. Its area is over 800 km 2. Hortobágy is similar to a steppe, a grassy plain with cattle, sheep, oxen, and horses, tended by herdsmen, and it provides habitat for various different species (342 bird species have been registered to appear). Its emblematic sight is the Nine-holed Bridge; besides, this is the place for traditional sweep-wells. Hortobágy is Hungary's largest protected area and the largest natural grassland in Europe. Early Christian Necropolis in Pécs In the centre of the town of Pécs, beneath Cathedral Square (Dóm tér) and St Stephan's Square (Szent István tér) there is a Christian cemetery from the 4th-6th century. Research and excavations thus far have uncovered various burial constructions and over a hundred burial sites around a tomb chapel, a cemetery building and a mausoleum. The first painted crypts were discovered in They are ornamented with Biblical scenes, images of the apostles Peter and Paul, and floral and animal motifs. Parts of the heritage complex are open to the public. Cultural landscape of Lake Fertô Lake Fertô is the second largest lake in Central Europe, located in the Austrian-Hungarian border. The lake covers 315 km 2, of which 240 km 2 is on the Austrian side and 75 km 2 on the Hungarian side. The special habitats 12 Szent István University, Gödöllô World Heritage Sites
13 and the rural architecture surrounding Lake Fertô on both the Hungarian and the Austrian sides form the Heritage Site. The territory which remains of the originally enormous area of marsh and wetland has preserved a unique flora and fauna, as well as an invaluable array of landscape, ethnographic and cultural historic assets. Tokaj-Hegyalja wine region Tokaj-Hegyalja is a historic wine region located in Northeastern Hungary. The region consists of 28 villages and hectares of classified vineyards. The home of the world famous wine Tokaji Aszú that the French king, Louis XIV called the 'king of wines and the wine of kings'. World Heritage Sites Szent István University, Gödöllô 13
14 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY What we are proud of... Famous Persons of Hungarian Origin Nobel Laureates 1914 Bárány Róbert: Physiology and pathology of the vestibular apparatus 1925 Zsigmondy Richárd Adolf: Colloid chemistry 1937 Szent-Györgyi Albert: Vitamin C and the catalysis of fumaric acid (in Hungarian paprika) 1943 Hevesy György: Isotopes as tracers 1961 Békésy György: Stimulation within the cochlea 1963 Wigner Jenô: Structure of the atom and its nucleus (atomic bomb and nuclear engineering) 1971 Gábor Dénes: Holography 1994 Oláh György: Ingredients of oil and natural gas 1994 Harsányi János: Equilibrium in the theory of "non-co-operative games" 2002 Kertész Imre: For his novel Fateless Inventors and Scientists Semmelweis Ignác ( ): physician. Known as the 'saviour of mothers', he discovered that the principal reason behind childbed fever was inappropriate hand washing. Szilárd Leó ( ): physicist who conceived the nuclear chain reaction. Bíró László ( ): inventor of the ballpoint pen. Ballpoint pens are still widely referred to as a biro in many English-speaking countries. Neumann János ( ): mathematician, the 'Father of Computer' and contributor to the Manhattan Project. Teller Ede ( ): theoretical physicist, known colloquially as 'the father of the hydrogen bomb'. Csíkszentmihályi Mihály (1934-): psychologist. He is best known as the architect of the notion of flow and for his years of research and writing on the topic. 14 Szent István University, Gödöllô What we are proud of...
15 Rubik Ernô (1944-): inventor of the world famous logical puzzle, the Rubik's cube. Domokos Gábor and Várkonyi Péter: inventors of the 'Gömböc', a convex three-dimensional homogeneous body which has only one stable and one unstable point of equilibrium. Losonczi Áron (1977-): inventor of Litracon, the light-transmitting concrete. Artists Liszt Ferenc ( ): composer and pianist. Liszt was a revolutionary figure in romantic music and was acknowledged as the greatest pianist of his time. Bartók Béla ( ): one of the most significant musicians and composers of the twentieth century. His music was invigorated by the themes, modes, and rhythmic patterns of the Hungarian and other folk music traditions he studied, which he integrated along with various influences from his contemporaries into his own distinctive style What we are proud of... Szent István University, Gödöllô 15
16 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Kodály Zoltán ( ): composer and ethnomusicologist of the 20th century. As a scholar of Hungarian music, Kodály collected, arranged, and published folk songs. Also, he was the creator of a special music-teaching technique known as the Kodály-method. Pulitzer József ( ): journalist and publisher. Best known for the Pulitzer Prize, established posthumously. George Zukor ( ): Oscar winning director (The Wizard of Oz, My Fair Lady) Harry Houdini ( ): the greatest magician on Earth. André Kertész ( ): photographer. He is recognised today as one of the creators of photojournalism. Victor Vasarely ( ): painter. His geometrical style of painting made him a figure recognised all over the world. Szabó István (1938-): film director. In 1981 he won an Oscar for his motion picture Mephisto. Koltai Lajos (1946-): cinematographer and film director. He was nominated for an Academy Award in 2000 for his work on the film Malena. Kocsis Zoltán (1952-): pianist, conductor and composer. Sebestyén Márta (1957-): folk vocalist. She sang in the movie The English Patient (Szerelem, szerelem - Love, love). Hungaricums Tokaji Aszú Described by Louis XIV of France as the king of wines, and the wine of kings, Aszú is even referred to in the Hungarian national anthem. It is one of the world's finest dessert wines. Aszú is made with grapes that have succumbed to the botrytis cinerea fungus, otherwise known as noble rot. If conditions are right, the botrytis mould causes sweet grapes to dry out and shrivel. The resulting Aszú berries have a very high concentration of sugar and rich flavours. 16 Szent István University, Gödöllô What we are proud of...
17 Bull's Blood (Bikavér) The Bikavér (Bull's Blood) blend, exclusive to the Eger and Szekszárd regions, is the best-known among all Hungarian wines. Legend has it that the name originates from the unsuccessful siege of Eger by the Turks in 1552, when the heavily outnumbered Hungarians had nothing to drink but red wine. This proved to be to their advantage, their red-stained beards and wild eyes terrified the Turks, who thought they had been drinking Bull's Blood. Pálinka Pálinka is the generic name for the fiery fruit brandy often distilled by peasants from home-grown plums, apricots and pears. Hungary's most famous pálinka distilleries can be found in Kecskemét. Unicum According to legend, Unicum was initially presented to Kaiser Joseph II of Austria, who proclaimed "Das ist ein Unikum!" ("This is a specialty!"). Today the liqueur is produced by Zwack according to a secret formula including more than 40 herbs and is aged in oak casks. PICK Wintersalami (Téliszalámi) The PICK factory in Szeged has been producing this famous and popular salami brand for about 140 years, using a secret recipe. Made from pork and spices, winter salami is cured in cold air and smoked slowly. During the dry ripening process a special noble-mold is formed on the surface. Makó onion Makó is a town in southeastern Hungary famous for its onion, an important ingredient of traditional Hungarian cuisine. Zsolnay ceramics A world famous brand name as a result of the innovations of Vilmos Zsolnay, who developed the eosin glaze. Herend porcelain Since 1826, Herend has produced some of the world's most distinctive and outstanding porcelains. The manufactory's name is derived from its home in a small town not far from Budapest. Each and every piece of the hand-painted dinnerware, figurines, and home accessories is an individual piece of art and craftsmanship created by highly trained master craftspeople. What we are proud of... Szent István University, Gödöllô 17
18 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Hungarian paprika Paprika is one of the most widely used ingredients of Hungarian cuisine. Due to the favourable climate and geographical conditions Hungarian paprika has a bright red colour and a distinctive rich flavour. Kalocsa and Szeged in the southern part of Hungary are the heart of paprika production. Rubik's Cube The world famous Rubik's Cube is a mechanical puzzle invented in 1974 by Rubik Ernô. Here is what some foreign students said about Hungary: "People, landscapes, food, music How to choose one? I enjoy life every time I am in Budapest. I like going to concerts, exhibitions, performances, I love to have dinner in a nice restaurant with my boyfriend, I like the smell of hot coffee, I enjoy looking at the windows of flower shops noticing all those small things Travelling in and around neighbouring countries - Hungary included, of course - is another interesting question." My main advice to any people arriving to Budapest is to have coins in their pockets. You will need them in order to buy your transport tickets - more expensive if purchased directly from the driver but necessary if it's late and you cannot find a ticket office open at that time. If you are a student, your student card will be your treasure. Why I say that? Including the typical shop discounts, you will save 50 percent on public transport, railways and so on. Hungarian people surprised me when I arrived because of their hospitality. The desire to help is what moves them to explain to you once and again, where is the a street you are looking for in a language you cannot understand a word of. Sandra (24), Zaragoza, Spain What was your biggest surprise/discovery concerning Hungarian culture? I had no clue that the Hungarians do have a lot of Nobel Prize holders, more in science but still a lot for such a small country. They brought lot of inventions to the world. 18 Szent István University, Gödöllô What we are proud of...
19 Concerning the culture I did not know that Hungary had many famous classical music composers and nowadays exists a wide scale of young bands, which covers not just the main music stream but also special music styles I've never even heard before. David, Czech Republic, CEEPUS Program What do you like the most in Hungary? The feeling of home. In any other country I traveled I felt like a stranger or even a refugee.here it is different: the air is like at home, food is like there, the spirit of a country is so familiar, that this feeling of comfort (perhaps, a general feeling about the whole country) makes me calm, merry and smiling. Andrey, Russia, Community of European Management Schools (CEMS) What is your favourite Hungarian word? Egesegedre, of course. (egészségedre ed., means cheers) Agata, Poland, Erasmus Programme What we are proud of... Szent István University, Gödöllô 19
20 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Gödöllô When you first arrive in Gödöllô, there will be a few things that everyone will tell you about the town. Most of them will probably have to do with the royal Habsburg family, since one of their most popular couples - Queen Sisi and King Franz Josef - have used the Grassalkovich Palace as a summer residence. In fact the town dates back to the Middle Ages when there was a village in the area of Gödöllô, but it was wiped out completely during the time of the Tatar invasions ( ). In 1349 the current king (Lajos the Great) gave the lhe lands of Gödöllô to his loyal friend and servant Péter Pohárnok. In the next couple of hundred years new landowners came and went, like the Vámossy or Hamvay family. In 1692 there has been only 26 families living and farming here. The turning point in our town's life came in the 1700s. It was then that a Hungarian Count Antal Grassalkovich became the owner of the lands, moved to Gödöllô and built the palace ( ) for which the town is now famous throughout Europe. The Royal palace of Gödöllô 20 Szent István University, Gödöllô Gödöllô
21 The Royal Palace of Gödöllô was expanded over the years, and finally became the summer residence of one of the most beloved Habsburg queens, Elizabeth, or Sisi. After her untimely death at the hands of an assassin in 1898, the palace was used as a part-time residence by many, including Miklós Horthy, the Governor of Hungary before and during the Second World War. After the war, the palace was used as a barracks for Soviet soldiers, then as a residence for the elderly. Since then, parts of it have been renovated (and is still under constant construction and renovation), and is now worth taking in as a tourist attraction. Gödöllô itself, although home to a royal palace, is a quickly expanding suburb of Budapest. It attracts a great many young professional families because of its clean air and friendly atmosphere, as well as a good deal of high-tech industry, including United Technologies, Avon, Caterpillar and Teva Pharmaceuticals among others. While the industries are attracted by the excellent transportation (connection by freeways to the capital, to the airport and to all main highways), people are attracted to the area because there are many woodlands in the surrounding area. Indeed, it has one of the highest ratios of wooded to developed land in all of Hungary. One of the other major attractions of the town is the university itself. Its main building is one of the most beautiful higher education edifices in the entire country. The university is also one of the largest employers in Pest County, with over 2,000 persons currently working there. In short, Gödöllô has all the amenities any prosperous town boasts. We believe it is a good place to live, work and study, and we hope you will agree. Gödöllô Szent István University, Gödöllô 21
22 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY Szent István University SZIU (/siu/) is the acronym for Szent István University. It's a long name, and to most of the people who come to study or teach, SZIU works better. SZIU is traditionally an agricultural university, but that is changing now, as you will see during your stay here. Originally, the university was based in Budapest. It was established in 1948, shortly after the end of the Second World War as the first independent agricultural university in Hungary. Between 1950 and 1952, it moved here, into the building it now occupies. If you look around the main building of the campus, you will see that it has a lot of religious flavour. This is because it was originally a building of the Norbertine Roman Catholic order, and functioned as a high school. Of course, that all changed after Studying Education in Hungary might be a bit different from the educational systems that you may already be familiar with in your own country. Unlike many of the other European countries, we start our academic year not in October, but in September. The Autumn semester lasts until just before Christmas, but the examination period here lasts from January 4 or so until the end of January. Then, the Spring semester starts after that, in the beginning of February. This lasts until the end of May, and the examination period extends until the end of June. Examinations might be a bit more familiar to European students than to those coming from outside Europe, for instance, some of them are done orally with the professors, and require that students be in formal dress to take them. (Dark trousers with a white shirt and a tie for guys and a black skirt with a white blouse for girls.) Another part of education here that might be different from your home country's is attendance at lectures. For international students, since you are studying in rather small groups, lecture attendance is obligatory. At SZIE we use the European Credit Transfer System (ECTS). The ECTS credit number is for each course is included in the course description of the course. 1 ECTS credit usually refers to contact hours with the subject. If you are coming to do Ph.D. or research work you will need an Educational Supervisor. We have been very successful in finding such supervisors for our 22 Szent István University, Gödöllô Gödöllô
23 incoming students to work with. Both students and educators benefit from a close, one-to-one relationship. Therefore, if you need a supervisor, we can work on that but we have to know about your need for a supervisor as soon as possible. If you are an undergraduate, or just here to take courses, you probably won't need a supervisor and you will find a lot of people in departments and the Registrar's Offices who can help you with your problems or questions. We like to think that we are a personal and friendly institution, and the feedback we get confirms this. We hope you will feel the same way during your stay here. We operate on a semester schedule. You should plan to arrive a few days before the beginning of classes, which start on the first or second Monday in September for the Fall semester, and on the first or second Monday of February for the Spring semester. The Fall semester lasts until just before Christmas. Then, after a short holiday, the examination period begins, and lasts most of January. In the Spring, the semester ends in late May, and the examination period lasts until Gödöllô Szent István University, Gödöllô 23
24 SZENT ISTVÁN UNIVERSITY about the end of June. When you arrive, we will do our best to make sure that someone is there to meet you, and guide you through the process of settling in. After that, we'll get you started on your studies. Once you have your place in the school, and the preliminary paperwork is out of the way, you can enrol in classes. This will also be done through your area of study, in the registrar's office. The registrar's office will take you through the steps to choosing classes and will also be responsible for helping you with any academic problems that you might have. We feel that it is very helpful for the student to enjoy close contact with the registrar's office, as they will give you a home base to go to with your questions or concerns. One of the things that will be important for you is computer access. It is important to have your identification card and number, because then you can get an account and have computer access. Each school maintains its own computer system and rooms. Access to and the Internet is guaranteed, but be careful about planning a bit in advance, as computer rooms can get crowded, especially at the end of a semester. Your classes will vary as to type and number of hours per week. You can take any of the courses listed in the catalogue, and it is a good idea to ask in the Registrar's office about new or alternative courses. You might find something else that you like, especially if you can take a course in German or French. Most course information, though, is in the course catalogue that you have already received, and you should look for it there. Once you are enrolled in your classes, there are some things you will want to realise about Hungarian education. First, attendance is mandatory in seminar-type classes, but not in lecture classes. However, Hungarian examiners will expect you to have all the knowledge covered in the semester's work, and this is no easy task, so we recommend that you attend classes at all times. Second, the educational system is a lot more old-school than what you may be used to. For instance, when teachers enter a lecture hall or seminar, it is often expected that students will stand up as a show of respect for the teacher. Also, if you come late to class, please remember to acknowledge this to the teacher by excusing yourself when you come in. It might surprise you how much the little things count when you are abroad. If you have questions on etiquette, it is a good idea to ask students. They are the ones who grew up with the system. The Registrar's Office can also help you with this. 24 Szent István University, Gödöllô