1 Strength-Based Coaching: Empowering teachers to create upward spirals of quality that build language and literacy Presented by Kori Bardige, MS. Ed. & Betty Bardige, Ed.D
2 THE PRACTICE-RESEARCH DIALOG Evidence-Based Practice: A decision-making process that integrates the best available research evidence with family and professional wisdom and values. (Buysse & Wesley). Practice-Based Evidence: Documentation of child and group learning, coupled with reflection that leads to new questions.
3 STRENGTH-BASED COACHING CYCLE What are OUR Assess next steps? What are OUR next steps? Revisit What do WE Creating want Plan to work upward spirals on? Teacher/Coach Relationship How can research inform OUR practice? Research What successes Reflect did WE achieve? What do WE want to put into practice? Implement
4 STRENGTH-BASED COACHING STORY
5 MY INITIAL OBSERVATIONS...
6 BUILDING THE RELATIONSHIP: UNDERSTANDING THE WHY Teach children to follow directions - use time out to curb behavior Have generic materials accessible that relate to many themes Minimize free play to maximize academic learning time Success in Kindergarten Provide worksheets for children to practice identifying and writing letters
7 Where would you start? Focus on social-emotional development: Work together to improve children s self-regulation, and reduce challenging behaviors Focus on environment and schedule: Work together to reduce clutter; organize areas so that children can be more independent; decrease interruptions and timeouts and increase learning time Focus on DAP: Work together to increase, strengthen, and integrate play-based and hands-on learning activities. Focus on language and literacy: Work together to strengthen children s foundations for reading
9 Where did WE start? Focus on social-emotional development: Work together to improve children s self-regulation, and reduce challenging behaviors Focus on environment and schedule: Work together to reduce clutter; organize areas so that children can be more independent; decrease interruptions and timeouts and increase learning time Focus on DAP: Work together to increase, strengthen, and integrate play-based and hands-on learning activities. Focus on language and literacy: Work together to strengthen children s foundations for reading
10 HOW CAN RESEARCH INFORM OUR PRACTICE?
11 A BRIEF OVERVIEW OF LITERACY FOUNDATIONS What Really Matters for Literacy Closing the Vocabulary Gap The Power of Play Talk & Decontextualized Language Some Evidence-Based Language & Literacy Practices: Dialogic Reading Content-Rich Conversations: Science & Pretend Play Meaningful Print & Alphabet Learning Sound and Word Play Writing
12 STEPS TO LITERACY 5. Independent Reading 4. Phonics and Decoding Skills 3. Phonemic Awareness & Concepts of Print 2. Oral Language, Vocabulary, and Storytelling 1. Seeing, Hearing, Connecting, and Communicating
13 RICH LANGUAGE IS FOUNDATIONAL TO READING COMPREHENSION Children are natural knowledge seekers. Whether it s orca whales, dinosaurs, or the latest technological doo -dad, children s activities are often guided by their need to know. To be successful in reading comprehension, students must acquire knowledge. Children need time--to actively play with ideas, experience and ask questions, connect new learning with what they already know. Activities that pose problems, get children immersed in interesting topics, allow them the time to develop expertise -- all contribute to knowledge gains. Neuman, S. B. (2010). Lessons From My Mother Reflections on the National Early Literacy Panel Report. Educational Researcher, 39(4),
14 Language develops in caring relationships, through back-andforth conversations that build on children s natural curiosity and desire to connect.
15 LANGUAGE IS KEY To literacy: storytelling, vocabulary, how sounds combine to make words To learning: questions, step-bystep problem solving, concepts, reasoning, memory To social/emotional development: making friends, negotiating, expressing feelings, self-control, resilience
16 THE VOCABULARY GAP Source: Hart, B., and Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful Differences in the Everyday Experience of Young American Children. Baltimore, Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company 50M words heard by age 4 30M words heard by age 4 15M words heard by age 4
17 PLAY TALK MAKES THE DIFFERENCE FOR LANGUAGE DEVELOPMENT! Chit-chat Conversation Singing Silliness Story-telling Word Play
18 BECAUSE PLAY TALK IS RICH TALK! Responsive Follows the child s lead Imaginative and often silly Open-ended and encouraging Asks and explores questions Includes talk about past, future, what if Models thinking and reasoning Richer vocabulary Longer conversations with more information More elaborate sentences and descriptions Word play, songs, & rhymes
19 PLAY TALK CREATES AN UPWARD SPIRAL learn words at a faster rate increased vocabulary & word knowledge more sophisticated questions popular pretend play partners adults respond with richer language more input & practice better readers elicit more information more opportunities to use their words learn more words & facts; good storytellers larger vocabulary; communicate with more confidence
20 DECONTEXTUALIZED LANGUAGE Extended conversations include talk about: Past Future What might be Imaginary Abstract What if Dickinson, D.K., & Tabors, P.O. (2001). Beginning literacy with language: Young children learning at home and school. Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co.
21 DUAL LANGUAGE LEARNERS Go through the same developmental steps in both languages May know some words in just one language and some in both Develop total vocabularies just as large as those of children with similar experience learning only one language Gain many advantages as long as at least one language is strong! Learning more than one language can boost verbal and nonverbal IQ and cognitive flexibility.
22 EVIDENCE-BASED PRACTICES TO CONSIDER Reading Science Vocabulary Writing Pretend Play
23 DIALOGIC READING Use books as springboards for conversation Read aloud with small groups so you can really talk Engage child with questions and prompts as you read Increase participation and learning with repeated readings It is the talk that surrounds the storybook reading that gives it power. - NAEYC & International Reading Association
24 VOCABULARY-RICH CONTENT rodent omnivorous store food cheek pouches My Hamster handle gentle curious burrow active desert nocturnal hibernate
25 WRITING Give children reasons to write and a variety of materials to write with. Write children s words and read them back together. Provide models and supports for writing. Help children represent the sounds they hear.
26 MATURE PRETEND PLAY Mature pretend play: Dramatic or constructive (building, setting up miniature worlds) play in which children co-construct a story or scenario. Usually it takes about minutes to gather props, negotiate roles, and play out a story. Children who play together frequently often return to the same play themes, elaborating stories over weeks or even months.
27 TALKING LIKE A TRAVEL AGENT
28 WHAT DO WE WANT TO PUT INTO PRACTICE? What struck you most from the language and literacy training? What are you interested in learning more about? What ideas do you want to incorporate into your practice?
29 USING SCIENCE TO INFUSE VOCABULARY DEVELOPMENT Began with planning curiosity-provoking science activities Teacher became frustrated that there wasn t enough time for children to explore the activity and wondered about changing the structure of free play Teacher lengthened free play and had more time to engage children in science conversations She got excited about the children s questions and used those as provocations for her next science activity
30 REFLECT: WHAT SUCCESSES DID WE ACHIEVE?
31 ASSESS: WHAT ARE OUR NEXT STEPS?
32 CHILDREN LEARN MORE WHEN TEACHERS WONDER MORE & INSTRUCT LESS Bonawitz, E.B., Shafto, P.et al. (2011) The double-edged sword of pedagogy: Teaching limits children's spontaneous exploration and discovery. Cognition, 120(3),
33 HIGH/SCOPE STUDY: PRESCHOOL EXPERIENCE IN 10 COUNTRIES Montie, J. E., Xiang, Z., & Schweinhart, L. J. (2006). Preschool experience in 10 countries: Cognitive and language performance at age 7. Early Childhood Research Quarterly, 21,
34 HIGH/SCOPE 10 COUNTRY FINDINGS: IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES Bring in new materials. Arrange and combine items to invite to suggest new ways for children to explore Wonder and reason aloud. Help children put their questions, hypotheses, discoveries, and explanations into words. Introduce vocabulary and concepts that will expand children s ideas.
35 really listen and respond to their ideas ASK AND ENCOURAGE INTERESTING QUESTIONS Find out what children want to know! Ask Genuine Questions whose answers you really want to know Ask Reflective Questions that make children think I have been watching you build and I m curious. How could you get the blocks to balance so the tower could stand on its own? Give children time to think
36 MAKING MORE CHANGES: UPWARD SPIRALS Teacher began rearranging her environment to make more room for the science center that had previously been in a small corner of the room. In doing so she created spaces where children could explore independently and had materials that prompted their own investigations
37 POWERFUL INTERACTIONS Be Present Connect Extend Learning
38 MAKING THE SHIFT FROM WEEKLY THEMES TO EXTENDED STUDIES
39 CREATING UPWARD SPIRALS OF LITERACY Adding morning message and enhancing circle time
40 NEXT STEPS TO LITERACY 5. Independent Reading 4. Phonics and Decoding Skills 3. Phonemic Awareness + Concepts of Print 2. Oral Language, Vocabulary, and Storytelling 1. Seeing, Hearing, Connecting, and Communicating
41 THE ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE Phonemic Awareness + Concepts of Print = Alphabetic Principle The ALPHABETIC PRINCIPLE is the idea that letters (or letter combinations) represent the individual phonemes that make up words. In order to grasp this idea, children must be able to identify the individual sounds in words and blend them together, and also recognize letters and their associated sounds.
42 BUILDING PHONEMIC AWARENESS Onsets and Rimes Phonemes Rhyme and Alliteration Syllables Listening Babies &Toddlers Preschool Kindergarten
43 MEANINGFUL PRINT: UP CLOSE AND PERSONAL
44 LABEL AND ORGANIZE MATERIALS
45 ORGANIZE BEHAVIOR
46 GIVE DIRECTIONS
47 SHARE INFORMATION AND EXPERIENCES
48 ENHANCE PRETEND PLAY
49 SHOW CHILDREN HOW PRINT WORKS Give children many reasons to write, a variety of tools and supports, and lots of time to practice!
50 WRITING PROVIDES AN OUTLET FOR CHILDREN S IDEAS Story Paper
51 PARENTS WERE THRILLED!
52 LOOK HOW FAR WE VE COME! CONTINUING THE SPIRAL
53 TEACHER S EXCITEMENT SPURS PROBLEM SOLVING
54 THE ENCOURAGEMENT GAP Source: Hart, B., and Risley, T. (1995). Meaningful Differences in the Everyday Experience of Young American Children. Baltimore, Paul H. Brookes Publishing Company 800K encouragements heard by age 4 200K encouragements heard by age 4 100K encouragements heard by age 4
55 READY FOR K: SOCIAL-EMOTIONAL & EXECUTIVE FUNCTION SKILLS Ability to consider others points of view Expressing emotions appropriately without undue tantrums or meltdowns Holding a goal and steps in mind working memory Deferred gratification waiting a turn, etc. Ability to focus or deliberately shift attention Strategies for self-control, such as self-talk, relaxation techniques, stop and think, breathe Knowing how and when to ask for help
56 VISITING KINDERGARTEN
57 FINAL VISIT: CULMINATION OF OUR COLLABORATION
58 Strength-Based Coaching: Empowering teachers to create upward spirals of quality that build language and literacy Kori Bardige: Betty Bardige: Facebook: Language-Building Tips
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