What is FRBR? (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records)

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1 What is FRBR? (Functional Requirements for Bibliographic Records) Presented by Dr. Barbara B. Tillett for the FRBR Workshop DDB Frankfurt, Germany July 8-9, 2004

2 FRBR Publisher: K.G. Saur Also available on the Web:

3 FRBR IFLA Cataloguing Section s Review Group on FRBR Web Page:

4 What Are We Cataloging? Library collections Books Serials Maps, globes, etc Manuscripts. Musical scores A-V sound recordings motion pictures photographs, slides Multimedia Remote digital materials

5 Entity-Relationship Model Entities Relationships Attributes FRBR relationship Entity 1 Entity 2

6 FRBR Entities Group 1: Products of intellectual & artistic endeavor Work Expression Manifestation Item

7 Vocabulary Book Door prop (item) publication at bookstore any copy (manifestation)

8 Vocabulary Book Who translated? (expression) Who wrote? (work)

9 FRBR Entities Group 2: Those responsible for the intellectual & artistic content Person Corporate body

10 FRBR Entities Group 3: Subjects of works Groups 1 & 2 plus Concept Object Event Place

11 Work is realized through Group 1 FRBR Expression is embodied in recursive one many Manifestation is exemplified by Item

12 Modes of Expression FRBR Alpha-numeric Music notation Other notation (e.g., choreographic) Sound Still image Moving image Three-dimensional object Combinations of above

13 Joint Steering Committee for Revision of AACR2 (JSC) Task Force on Format Variation Work-level citations Expression-level citations Update AACR terminology to use FRBR terms: Work, Expression, Manifestation, Item

14 Work tellectual/ tistic content Expression is realized through Physical - recording of content Manifestation is embodied in Item is exemplified by

15 FRBR Entity Levels Work: The Novel The Movie Expression: Orig. Text Transl. Critical Edition Orig. Version Manifestation: Paper PDF HTML

16 FRBR Entity Levels Work: The Novel The Movie Expression: Orig. Text Transl. Critical Edition Orig. Version anifestation: Paper PDF HTML Item: Copy 1 Autographed Copy 2

17 Family of works FRBR Entity Levels Work: The Novel The Movie Expression: Orig. Text Transl. Critical Edition Orig. Version anifestation: Paper PDF HTML Item: Copy 1 Autographed Copy 2

18 Group 1 - Relationships Inherent to the Entities FRBR Work is realized by an expression Expression is embodied in a manifestation Manifestation is exemplified by an item Item

19 Relationships - Work/Expression w 1 Charles Dickens A Christmas carol e 1 the author s original English text e 2 a Tamil translation by V.A. Venkatachari FRBR is realized by FRBR, p. 59

20 Relationships - Work/Expression/Manifestation 1 J.S. Bach s Goldberg variations e 1 performance by Glenn Gould in 1981 m 1 recording released on 331/3 rpm sound disc in 1982 by CBS Records m 2 recording re-released on compact disc in 1993 by Sony m 3 digitization of the Sony re-release as MP3 in 2000 Based on FRBR, p. 59 FRBR is embodied in

21 Relationships - ork/expression/manifestation/item 1 Lost treasures of the world e 1 the interactive electronic resource FRBR, p. 60 m 1 the CD published in 1994 by Follgard CD- Visions i 1 first copy held by Calgary Public Library i 2 second copy held by Calgary Public Library FRBR is exemplified by

22 Work Expression Manifestation Item Relationships Inherent among the entities Content relationships among works Whole-Part Accompanying

23 Family of Works QUIVALENT DERIVATIVE DESCRIPTIVE Microform reproduction Copy Exact reproduction Reprint Facsimile Simultaneous publication Translation Editions Revision Variations or versions Illustrated edition Abridged edition Expurgated edition Arrangement Slight modifications Summary Abstract Digest Free translation Dramatization Novelization Screenplay Libretto Change of genre Adaptations Parody Imitations Same style or thematic content Review Criticism Annotated edition Casebook Evaluation Commentary Original Same work New work Same New Expression Cataloging Rules cut-off point New Work B. Tille Dec. 20

24 Whole-Part Relationships Components Aggregates

25 Whole-Part Relationships WORKS WITHIN WORKS Components/Aggregates Shape = container/ carrier Color = content

26 Part-to-Part Relationships Component to component Sequential Relationship Accompanying Relationship (or Companion Relationship) Dependent Independent

27 Part-to-Part Relationships WORKS WITHIN WORKS Components-to-Component ccompanying Relationships Sequential Relationship Shape = container/ carrier

28 Group 1 Entities Attributes FRBR Work ID Title Date etc. Expression ID Title Form Date Language etc. Manifestation ID Title Statement of responsibility Edition Imprint (place, publisher, date) Form/extent of carrier Terms of availability Mode of access etc. Item ID Provenance Location etc.

29 Relationship vs. Attribute Work Created by Creates Person

30 DRAFT FRANAR extension to FRBR Entities: Person Family Corporate Body Work Expression Manifestation Item Concept Object Event Place Name Identifier Access Point FRBR December 2003 Rules Agency

31 Possible FRBR applications Authority Work/ Expression Uniform Title Bibliographic Scenario A - Now Person Manifestation Series (work/expression) Uniform Title Concept Holding Item

32 FRBR-ized OPAC Displays Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. [Text] Translation. French

33 FRBR-ized OPAC Displays Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. [Text] Translation. French Work

34 FRBR-ized OPAC Displays Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. [Text] Translation. French Expression

35 FRBR-ized OPAC Displays Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. [Text] Translation. French Manifestation

36 FRBR-ized OPAC Displays Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. [Text] Translation. French Item

37 Scenario B Authority Work/ Expression Uniform Title Person Person Series (work/expression) Uniform Title Concept Bibliographic Manifestation Holding Item

38 Work Expression Group 2 FRBR Manifestation Item is owned by is produced by is realized by is created by Person Corporate Body many

39 Relationships - Person/Work w 1 The shepheardes calendar w 2 The faerie queen w 3 Astrophel etc. p 1 Edmund Spenser FRBR created by FRBR, p. 61

40 Relationships - Corporate Body/Expression e 1 a 1980 performance of Allegri s Miserere e 2 a 1986 performance of Josquin s Missa pange lingua e 3 a 1989 performance of Lassus Missa osculetur me... cb 1 The Tallis Scholars FRBR realized by FRBR, p. 61

41 Relationships - Corporate Body/Manifestation m 1 the 1965 publication by Coach House Press of Wayne Clifford s Man in a window m 2 the 1966 publication by Coach House Press of Joe Rosenblatt s The LSD Leacock m 3 the 1966 publication by Coach House Press of Henry Beissel s New wings for Icarus... cb 1 Coach House Press FRBR, p. 62 FRBR produced by

42 Relationships - Corporate Body/Item i 1 a copy of the Penkill Proofs of D.G. Rossetti s Poems printed in August 1869, with manuscript annotations by the author i 2 a copy of the A Proofs of D.G. Rossetti s Poems printed in September 1869, with manuscript annotations by the author... cb 1 Princeton University Library FRBR FRBR, p. 62 owned by

43 Work has as subject Work Expression Manifestation Item Group 3 FRBR has as subject has as subject Person Corporate Body Concept Object Event Place many

44 Relationships - Subject/Work c 1 Romanticism w 1 Morse Peckham s Beyond the Tragic Vision w 2 Romanticism reconsidered, edited by Northrup Frye... FRBR, p. 63 FRBR is the subject of

45 Objectives of Catalogs Cutter s objectives for the catalog Finding - description and access standards Collocating - controlled vocabularies for precision of searching

46 User Tasks - FRBR Find (locate and collocate) Identify Select Obtain Relate Other possible tasks: Attribute Royalties to Preserve

47 Finding Objectives of Catalogs A single specific resource All the works and expressions of a person, corporate body, or family All resources on a given subject All resources sharing some specific characteristic Language, country of publication, date, physical format, etc. Collocating All resources belonging to the same work All resources belonging to the same expression All resources belonging to the same manifestation

48 Collocation by Works Shakespeare, William, All s well that ends well + As you like it + Hamlet + Macbeth + Midsummer night s dream

49 Collocation by Family of Works and Expressions Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. + Texts + Motion Pictures + Sound Recordings

50 Collocation by Expressions Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. + Texts Danish + Texts Dutch + Texts English + Texts French + Texts Spanish + Motion Pictures English + Sound Recordings - English

51 Collocation of Manifestations Shakespeare, William, Hamlet. - Motion pictures English Director, Bill Collegan Director, Kevin Kline, Kirk Browning Director, Franco Zeffirelli Director, Maria Muat Director, Kenneth Branagh Director, Campbell Scott, Eric Simonson

52 Where is FRBR most useful? Classics of literature vs. scientific studies Examples in the OCLC database Stephen King 102 works, 231 manifestations Shakespeare s Hamlet 1 work, 2696 manifestations Rowling, J.K. (Harry Potter stories) 28 works, 300 manifestations

53 FRBR Applications Related models: <indecs> ABC model in Project Harmony (US, UK, Australia) Indiana Univ.: Variations2 digital music Applications: Denmark: VisualCat Australia: AustLit VTLS and Innovative Interfaces Inc. : Virtua s FRBR-ized catalog OCLC s Fiction Finder; future WorldCat RLG s Web union catalog plans and their experimenta RedLightGreen

54 FRBR-ize MARC records OCLC s algorithm LC s display tool

55 International Code for Bibliographic Description and Access IFLA Conferences Collaboration with ICA, ISO, DC, W3C, etc. Goal = Collaborative use in multiple environments consistency trust authority

56 Terminology Concepts Entities Relationships Attributes Goals of bibliographic control Finding Collocating FRBR futures

57 Thank you! Slides 14, 25, 27 and a modified version of 23 were published in Barbara B. Tillett, Bibliographic Relationships. In Relationships in the Organization of Knowledge, edited by Carol A. Bean and Rebecca Green, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, All Rights Reserved. If these images are reused, please include the above citation.

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