INF2793 Research Design & Academic Writing Prof. Simone D.J. Barbosa sala 410 RDC. presentation

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "INF2793 Research Design & Academic Writing Prof. Simone D.J. Barbosa simone@inf.puc-rio.br sala 410 RDC. presentation"

Transcription

1 On Presentations INF2793 Research Design & Academic Writing Prof. Simone D.J. Barbosa sala 410 RDC 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 1

2 communication not 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 2

3 slides notes handouts At a minimum, a presentation format should do no harm. (Tufte, 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 3

4 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 4

5 ethos credibility of the speaker pathos emotional connection to the audience logos logical argument preparation (Reynolds, 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 5

6 How much time do I have? What s the venue 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 6

7 Who is the audience? What is their background? What do they expect of me? What do I want them to 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 7

8 What is the fundamental purpose of my talk? What s the story 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 8

9 What s my absolute central point? content design 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 9

10 structure natural chronological time progression sequential process or step-by-step spatial relations in a physical space climactic from least to most important contrast problem solution compare contrast cause effect advantage disadvantage (Duarte, 2010: 129) making your ideas 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 10

11 The SUCCESs framework Simplicity Unexpectedness Concreteness Credibility Emotions Stories core + compact idea attention + interest understanding belief care action (Heath & Heath, 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 11

12 story s sparkline what could be contrasting emotion and delivery what is (Duarte, 2010) questions 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 12

13 content design delivery It s laziness on the presenter s part to put everything on one slide. (Duarte, 2008: 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 13

14 rules of 3 abound 3 points 3 seconds Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 14

15 Face your message. four design principles Contrast Repetition Alignment 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 15

16 contrast contrast contrast contrast contrast repetition Another text Some text Here, too Yet 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 16

17 alignment and proximity Possibly Long Title Possibly Long Title Author s Full name Affiliation Author s Full name Affiliation Possibly Long Title Possibly Long Title Author s Full name Affiliation Author s Full name Affiliation picture 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 17

18 simplify Cognitive Load Theory It is more difficult to process information if it is coming at you in the written and spoken form at the same time. (Sweller in Patty, 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 18

19 Cognitive Load Theory It is more difficult to process information if it is coming at you in the written and spoken form at the same time. Teachers should focus more on giving students the answers, instead of asking them to solve problems on their own. The human brain processes and retains more information if it is digested in either its verbal or written form, but not both at the same time. The findings show there are limits on the brain's capacity to process and retain information in short-term memory. John Sweller, from the university's faculty of education, developed the "cognitive load theory". "The use of the PowerPoint presentation has been a disaster," Professor Sweller said. "It should be ditched." "It is effective to speak to a diagram, because it presents information in a different form. But it is not effective to speak the same words that are written, because it is putting too much load on the mind and decreases your ability to understand what is being presented." "Looking at an already solved problem reduces the working memory load and allows you to learn. It means the next time you come across a problem like that, you have a better chance at solving it," Professor Sweller said. The working memory was only effective in juggling two or three tasks at the same time, retaining them for a few seconds. When too many mental tasks were taken on some things were forgotten. (Patty, 2007) cognitive load slides The human brain processes and retains more information if it is digested in either its verbal or written form, but not both at the same time. speech (inspired in article by Patty, 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 19

20 cognitive load slides The human brain processes and retains more information if it is digested in either its verbal or written form, but not both at the same time. (inspired in article by Patty, 2007) 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 20

21 It is effective to speak to a diagram (Sweller in Patty, 2007) signal noise 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 21

22 @ 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 22

23 @ 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 23

24 @ 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 24

25 @ 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 25

26 questions 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 26

27 content design delivery rehearse! rehearse! 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 27

28 prepare your gig bag the day before come in early test the equipment bring your own water (just in case) eventually, technology will fail relax! When time comes look at the audience and not at the 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 28

29 take your hands of your pockets Whatever happens leave time for Q&A. Never, ever go beyond your time 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 29

30 presentation checklist (1/2) What is the key thing the audience should remember? Is there enough background material for the intended audience? Is any material unnecessary? Could some of the material be left for people to read about later'? Is the talk self-contained? Does the talk have a motivating preamble? Do you explain why the research is interesting or important? Have complex issues been explained in gentle stages? Are the results explained? What were the limitations of the research? Is there a clear conclusion? (Zobel, 2004: KL ) 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 30

31 presentation checklist (2/2) Are there enough examples? Are the numbers necessary? Are more diagrams needed? Are the slides simple? Do they have unnecessary ornamentation or distracting use of colour? Is there any unnecessary animation? Are the font sizes reasonable? If you are asked a question you can't answer, how will you respond? Have you rehearsed the talk? Have you prepared something to say about each slide? Have you rehearsed your manner? Will your enthusiasm show? Have you memorized the talk? Do you know how to use the equipment? (Zobel, 2004: KL ) 61 questions 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 31

32 visually communicating your evidence William Playfair ( ) 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 32

33 William Playfair 65 Florence Nightingale 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 33

34 Charles Joseph Minard 67 Charles Joseph Minard 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 34

35 Charles Joseph Minard 69 Charles Joseph Minard 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 35

36 Simple Data Booth et al., 2008: Complex Data Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 36

37 Bar Charts and Line Graphs bar charts emphasize contrasts among discrete items (bar chart: emphasizes contrast between discrete values) line graph suggest continuous change over time (line graph: suggests continuous change over time) Booth et al., 2008: Bar Chart - Clustered Column População Brasileira em 2010 (em milhões de habitantes) 80.0 Urbana Rural Sudeste Nordeste Sul Centro-Oeste Norte IBGE 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 37

38 Bar Chart - Clustered Column População Brasileira em 2010 (em milhões de habitantes) 90.0 Urbana Rural Total Sudeste Nordeste Sul Norte Centro-Oeste IBGE 75 Bar Chart - Stacked Column População Brasileira em 2010 (em milhões de habitantes) 90.0 Urbana Rural Sudeste Nordeste Sul Norte Centro-Oeste IBGE 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 38

39 But... POPULAÇÃO BRASILEIRA EM 2010 (EM MILHÕES DE HABITANTES) Norte, 11.7 Centro-Oeste, 12.5 Sul, 23.3 Sudeste, 74.7 Nordeste, 38.8 IBGE 77 Bar Chart 90 População Brasileira (em milhões de habitantes) Sudeste Nordeste Sul Norte Centro-Oeste IBGE 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 39

40 Line Chart 90 População Brasileira (em milhões de habitantes) Norte Nordeste Sudeste Sul Centro-Oeste IBGE 79 Line Chart 90 População Brasileira (em milhões de habitantes) 80 Sudeste Nordeste Sul 27.4 Norte 15.9 Centro-Oeste IBGE 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 40

41 Tables, Charts, and Graphs Labeling the Graphic Frame each graphic to help readers understand it Label every graphic in a way that describes its data Heads of households Changes in one- and two- parent heads of households, Do not give background information or characterize what the data imply Weaker effects of counseling on depressed children before professionalization of staff, Effect of counseling on depressed children, Be sure labels distinguish graphics presenting similar data. Risk factors for high blood pressure Risk factors for high blood pressure Risk factors for high blood pressure among men in Cairo, Illinois Risk factors for high blood pressure among men in St. Louis, Missouri Booth et al., 2008: Tables, Charts, and Graphs Annotating the Graphic Insert into the table or figure information that helps readers see how the data support your point. Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 41

42 Tables, Charts, and Graphs Introducing the Graphic Introduce the table or figure with a sentence that explains how to interpret it. Then highlight what it is in the table or figure that you want readers to focus on, particularly any number or relationship mentioned in that introductory sentence. Booth et al., 2008: Tables, Charts, and Graphs Keep it Simple 1. Include only relevant data. 2. Keep the visual impact simple. 3. Use clear labels. Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 42

43 Tables, Charts, and Graphs Keep it Simple 1. Include only relevant data. If you include data only for the record, label it accordingly and put it in an appendix. 2. Keep the visual impact simple. 3. Use clear labels. Booth et al., 2008: Tables, Charts, and Graphs Keep it Simple 1. Include only relevant data. 2. Keep the visual impact simple. Box a graphic only if you group two or more figures. Do not color or shade the background. for tables Never use both horizontal and vertical dark lines to divide columns and rows. Use light gray lines only if the table is complex or you want to direct your reader s eyes in one direction to compare data. For tables with many rows, lightly shade every fifth row. 3. Use clear labels. Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 43

44 Tables, Charts, and Graphs Keep it Simple 1. Include only relevant data. 2. Keep the visual impact simple. for charts and graphs Use background grid lines only if the graphic is complex or readers need to see precise numbers. Make them light gray. Color or shade lines or bars only to show a contrast. Use color only if the text will be printed in color and not photocopied later. (Black- and- white photocopies make many colors look alike.) Never use iconic bars (for example, images of cars to represent automobile production) or add a third dimension merely for effect. Both look amateurish and can distort how readers judge values. Plot data on three dimensions only when your readers are familiar with such graphs and you cannot display the data in any other way. 3. Use clear labels. Booth et al., 2008: Tables, Charts, and Graphs Keep it Simple 1. Include only relevant data. 2. Keep the visual impact simple. 3. Use clear labels. Label all rows and columns in tables and both axes in charts and graphs. Use tick marks and labels to indicate intervals on the vertical axis of a graph. If possible, label lines, bar segments, and the like on the image rather than in a legend set to the side. Use a legend only if labels would make the image too complex to read. When specific numbers matter, add them to bars or segments in charts or to dots on lines in graphs. Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 44

45 Tables Tables with lots of data can seem dense, so organize them to help readers. Order the rows and columns by a principle that lets readers quickly find what you want them to see. Do not automatically choose alphabetic order. Round numbers to a relevant value. If differences of less than 1,000 don t matter, then 2,123,499 is irrelevantly precise. Sum totals at the bottom of a column or at the end of a row, not at the top or left. Booth et al., 2008: Bar Charts Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 45

46 Stacked Bars When you want readers to compare whole values for different bars rather than their divided segments Arrange segments in a logical order. If possible, put the largest segment at the bottom in the darkest shade. Label segments with specific numbers and to assist comparisons, connect corresponding segments with gray lines to compare whole values for different bars Booth et al., 2008: Line Graphs Choose the variable that makes the line go in the direction, up or down, that supports your point. If the good news is a reduction (down) in high school dropouts, you can more effectively represent the same data as a rising line indicating increase in retention (up). If you want to emphasize bad news, find a way to represent your data as a falling line. Plot more than six lines on one graph only if you cannot make your point in any other way. If you have fewer than ten or so data points, indicate them with dots. If only a few are relevant, insert numbers to show their exact value. Do not depend on different shades of gray to distinguish lines. Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 46

47 Communicate Ethically Do not manipulate a scale to magnify or reduce a contrast. Do not use a figure whose image distorts values. Do not make a table or figure unnecessarily complex or misleadingly simple. If the table or figure supports a point, state it. Booth et al., 2008: Communicate Ethically Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 47

48 Communicate Ethically Booth et al., 2008: avoiding visual misrepresentation Do not manipulate a scale to magnify or reduce a contrast. Do not use a figure whose image distorts values. Do not make a table or figure unnecessarily complex or misleadingly simple. If the table or figure supports a point, state it. Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 48

49 Line Chart 90 População Brasileira (em milhões de habitantes) 80 Sudeste Nordeste Sul 27.4 Norte 15.9 Centro-Oeste IBGE 97 Line Chart - distorted to emphasize growth População Brasileira (em milhões de habitantes) Sudeste Nordeste Sul 27.4 Norte 15.9 Centro-Oeste IBGE 2013 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 49

50 Line Chart - distorted to de-emphasize growth População Brasileira (em milhões de habitantes) Sudeste 80.4 Nordeste 53.1 Sul 27.4 Norte 15.9 Centro-Oeste IBGE 99 Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 50

51 Booth et al., 2008: Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 51

52 Booth et al., 2008: Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 52

53 Booth et al., 2008: Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 53

54 Booth et al., 2008: Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 54

55 Booth et al., 2008: Booth et al., 2008: Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 55

56 questions communicating visually references Duarte, N. (2008) slide:ology. O Reilly. Duarte, N. (2010) resonate. John Wiley & Sons. Heath, D. & Heath, C. (2007) Made to Stick. Random House. Patty, A. (2007) Research points the finger at PowerPoint. In The Sidney Morning Herald, April 4, Available online at Tufte, E. (2008) Powerpoint is Evil. Wired Magazine, Sep Available online at Zobel, J. (2004) Writing for Computer Science. Kindle Edition. slides and examples Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 56

57 Simone DJ Barbosa, Departamento de Informática, PUC-Rio 57

CSU, Fresno - Institutional Research, Assessment and Planning - Dmitri Rogulkin

CSU, Fresno - Institutional Research, Assessment and Planning - Dmitri Rogulkin My presentation is about data visualization. How to use visual graphs and charts in order to explore data, discover meaning and report findings. The goal is to show that visual displays can be very effective

More information

Visualization Quick Guide

Visualization Quick Guide Visualization Quick Guide A best practice guide to help you find the right visualization for your data WHAT IS DOMO? Domo is a new form of business intelligence (BI) unlike anything before an executive

More information

The Big Four: Contrast, Repetition, Alignment, Proximity

The Big Four: Contrast, Repetition, Alignment, Proximity Sample pages from Chapter six of Presentation Zen: Simple Ideas on Presentation Design and Delivery by Garr Reynolds On this page you can see five samples of simple slides in which elements were arranged

More information

Data Visualization Basics for Students

Data Visualization Basics for Students Data Visualization Basics for Students Dionisia de la Cerda Think about Your Message You want your audience to understand your message. This takes time. Think about your audience and plan your message.

More information

This file contains 2 years of our interlibrary loan transactions downloaded from ILLiad. 70,000+ rows, multiple fields = an ideal file for pivot

This file contains 2 years of our interlibrary loan transactions downloaded from ILLiad. 70,000+ rows, multiple fields = an ideal file for pivot Presented at the Southeastern Library Assessment Conference, October 22, 2013 1 2 3 This file contains 2 years of our interlibrary loan transactions downloaded from ILLiad. 70,000+ rows, multiple fields

More information

PRESENTING YOUR DATA GRAPHICALLY

PRESENTING YOUR DATA GRAPHICALLY PRESENTING YOUR DATA GRAPHICALLY OVERVIEW This paper outlines best practices for the graphical presentation of data. It begins with a brief discussion of various aspects of giving a presentation. It then

More information

Choosing a successful structure for your visualization

Choosing a successful structure for your visualization IBM Software Business Analytics Visualization Choosing a successful structure for your visualization By Noah Iliinsky, IBM Visualization Expert 2 Choosing a successful structure for your visualization

More information

Chapter 12 Presenting the Business Case: Design a Presentation for the App

Chapter 12 Presenting the Business Case: Design a Presentation for the App This is Presenting the Business Case: Design a Presentation for the App, chapter 12 from the book Designing Business Information Systems: Apps, Websites, and More (index.html) (v. 1.0). This book is licensed

More information

Part 2: Data Visualization How to communicate complex ideas with simple, efficient and accurate data graphics

Part 2: Data Visualization How to communicate complex ideas with simple, efficient and accurate data graphics Part 2: Data Visualization How to communicate complex ideas with simple, efficient and accurate data graphics Why visualize data? The human eye is extremely sensitive to differences in: Pattern Colors

More information

Guidelines on Seminar Presentations

Guidelines on Seminar Presentations Guidelines on Seminar Presentations Your main goal in presenting this seminar is to communicate your topic to an audience of mixed backgrounds and interests. This should not be a technical paper such as

More information

Interactive Voting System. www.ivsystem.nl. IVS-Basic IVS-Professional 4.4

Interactive Voting System. www.ivsystem.nl. IVS-Basic IVS-Professional 4.4 Interactive Voting System www.ivsystem.nl IVS-Basic IVS-Professional 4.4 Manual IVS-Basic 4.4 IVS-Professional 4.4 1213 Interactive Voting System The Interactive Voting System (IVS ) is an interactive

More information

A simple three dimensional Column bar chart can be produced from the following example spreadsheet. Note that cell A1 is left blank.

A simple three dimensional Column bar chart can be produced from the following example spreadsheet. Note that cell A1 is left blank. Department of Library Services Creating Charts in Excel 2007 www.library.dmu.ac.uk Using the Microsoft Excel 2007 chart creation system you can quickly produce professional looking charts. This help sheet

More information

Intermediate PowerPoint

Intermediate PowerPoint Intermediate PowerPoint Charts and Templates By: Jim Waddell Last modified: January 2002 Topics to be covered: Creating Charts 2 Creating the chart. 2 Line Charts and Scatter Plots 4 Making a Line Chart.

More information

INSTRUCTIONS FOR GCPS ORAL PRESENTATIONS

INSTRUCTIONS FOR GCPS ORAL PRESENTATIONS INSTRUCTIONS FOR GCPS ORAL PRESENTATIONS PRESENTATION SUBMISSION Submit your presentation to the session chair and co-chair via email, as an attachment. Draft presentations are due to session chairs by

More information

PowerPoint Techniques

PowerPoint Techniques Teaching PowerPoint Techniques Kim Holland Teaching Support Centre 2 Review: THE RULES Generally no more than 6 or 7 words a line Generally no more than 6 or 7 lines a slide Review: THE RULES Generally

More information

Student Writing Guide. Fall 2009. Lab Reports

Student Writing Guide. Fall 2009. Lab Reports Student Writing Guide Fall 2009 Lab Reports The manuscript has been written three times, and each rewriting has discovered errors. Many must still remain; the improvement of the part is sacrificed to the

More information

Data Visualization and Reporting. Dawn Coleman, EdS University of South Carolina

Data Visualization and Reporting. Dawn Coleman, EdS University of South Carolina Data Visualization and Reporting Dawn Coleman, EdS University of South Carolina Why is this topic so important? So much data, so little understanding Stephen Few 1 Understanding best practices in data

More information

Presentation Tips. Structuring PowerPoint Slides

Presentation Tips. Structuring PowerPoint Slides Presentation Tips Structuring PowerPoint Slides Presentation Design Don t overload your slides with too much text or data. Let the picture or graphic tell the story. Avoid text. Number your slides and

More information

PowerPoint Presentations with PowerPoint. IT Services

PowerPoint Presentations with PowerPoint.  IT Services IT Services PowerPoint 2010 Presentations with PowerPoint University templates Design and layout Text Shapes Hyperlinks Animation and transitions Present to an audience Images The Slide Master Tables and

More information

Presenting numerical data

Presenting numerical data Student Learning Development Presenting numerical data This guide offers practical advice on how to incorporate numerical information into essays, reports, dissertations, posters and presentations. The

More information

Guidelines for Giving Oral Presentations

Guidelines for Giving Oral Presentations Section for Magnetic Resonance Technologists Guidelines for Giving Oral Presentations SMRT Education Committee Purpose: This slide presentation covers basic considerations and guidelines for giving and

More information

Effective Big Data Visualization

Effective Big Data Visualization Effective Big Data Visualization Every Picture Tells A Story Don t It? Mark Gamble Dir Technical Marketing Actuate Corporation 1 Data Driven Summit 2014 Agenda What is data visualization? What is good?

More information

We asked the following questions about having fun at TESOL (24 point, Arial)

We asked the following questions about having fun at TESOL (24 point, Arial) Preparation Guidelines for Poster Sessions TESOL Convention Poster sessions are scheduled for a 1 hour, 15 minute time slot each day of the convention. The audience should be able to understand the poster

More information

Trial 9 No Pill Placebo Drug Trial 4. Trial 6.

Trial 9 No Pill Placebo Drug Trial 4. Trial 6. An essential part of science is communication of research results. In addition to written descriptions and interpretations, the data are presented in a figure that shows, in a visual format, the effect

More information

Audio-visual Aids. Select and Use Visual Aids Effectively

Audio-visual Aids. Select and Use Visual Aids Effectively Audio-visual Aids Audio-visual aids are used to enhance the presentation. They can be handouts, photos, whiteboard, flip chart, OHT, powerpoint slide show, microphone, music. Be sure to focus your preparation

More information

KB COPY CENTRE. RM 2300 JCMB The King s Buildings West Mains Road Edinburgh EH9 3JZ. Telephone: 0131 6505001

KB COPY CENTRE. RM 2300 JCMB The King s Buildings West Mains Road Edinburgh EH9 3JZ. Telephone: 0131 6505001 KB COPY CENTRE RM 2300 JCMB The King s Buildings West Mains Road Edinburgh EH9 3JZ Telephone: 0131 6505001 Email: kbcopy@ed.ac.uk martin.byrne@ed.ac.uk colin.doherty@ed.ac.uk Step 1. Set up page orientation

More information

PowerPoint. Tips and Tricks

PowerPoint. Tips and Tricks PowerPoint Tips and Tricks Important Guidelines to Remember Use contrasting colors for background and text Use easy to read fonts Five or six bullets per page with only 5 or six words in a bullet Over

More information

Exercise 1: How to Record and Present Your Data Graphically Using Excel Dr. Chris Paradise, edited by Steven J. Price

Exercise 1: How to Record and Present Your Data Graphically Using Excel Dr. Chris Paradise, edited by Steven J. Price Biology 1 Exercise 1: How to Record and Present Your Data Graphically Using Excel Dr. Chris Paradise, edited by Steven J. Price Introduction In this world of high technology and information overload scientists

More information

GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING POSTERS USING POWERPOINT PRESENTATION SOFTWARE

GUIDELINES FOR PREPARING POSTERS USING POWERPOINT PRESENTATION SOFTWARE Society for the Teaching of Psychology (APA Division 2) OFFICE OF TEACHING RESOURCES IN PSYCHOLOGY (OTRP) Department of Psychology, Georgia Southern University, P. O. Box 8041, Statesboro, GA 30460-8041

More information

Based on Chapter 11, Excel 2007 Dashboards & Reports (Alexander) and Create Dynamic Charts in Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and Beyond (Scheck)

Based on Chapter 11, Excel 2007 Dashboards & Reports (Alexander) and Create Dynamic Charts in Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and Beyond (Scheck) Reporting Results: Part 2 Based on Chapter 11, Excel 2007 Dashboards & Reports (Alexander) and Create Dynamic Charts in Microsoft Office Excel 2007 and Beyond (Scheck) Bullet Graph (pp. 200 205, Alexander,

More information

What is research proposal? Learning Outcomes - Master. Learning Outcomes - PhD 9/9/2014 WRITING AND PRESENTATION OF ACADEMIC PROPOSAL

What is research proposal? Learning Outcomes - Master. Learning Outcomes - PhD 9/9/2014 WRITING AND PRESENTATION OF ACADEMIC PROPOSAL ID ne fs oi rg mn OC tso hit l enc ul A rkt hd e n s eoy c a ( rop t l Rw ps i y elr ao s e n edt T D ag o e rdp nf t cai d htc D as R t era pa ot re tg ) y 9/9/2014 WRITING AND PRESENTATION OF ACADEMIC

More information

This Webinar is a very condensed version of the workshop I ll give in Accra.

This Webinar is a very condensed version of the workshop I ll give in Accra. This Webinar is a very condensed version of the workshop I ll give in Accra. During the morning of Wednesday, January 18, I ll provide more details and more examples During the afternoon that day, the

More information

Using Microsoft Excel

Using Microsoft Excel Using Microsoft Excel Key skill [Where it is introduced] To open MS Excel. To open an existing spreadsheet. How to do it! Start > All Programs > Microsost Office > Microsoft Office Excel 2003 File > Open

More information

Data Visualization. BUS 230: Business and Economic Research and Communication

Data Visualization. BUS 230: Business and Economic Research and Communication Data Visualization BUS 230: Business and Economic Research and Communication Data Visualization 1/ 16 Purpose of graphs and charts is to show a picture that can enhance a message, or quickly communicate

More information

Advanced Microsoft Excel 2010

Advanced Microsoft Excel 2010 Advanced Microsoft Excel 2010 Table of Contents THE PASTE SPECIAL FUNCTION... 2 Paste Special Options... 2 Using the Paste Special Function... 3 ORGANIZING DATA... 4 Multiple-Level Sorting... 4 Subtotaling

More information

CONSTRUCTING SINGLE-SUBJECT REVERSAL DESIGN GRAPHS USING MICROSOFT WORD : A COMPREHENSIVE TUTORIAL

CONSTRUCTING SINGLE-SUBJECT REVERSAL DESIGN GRAPHS USING MICROSOFT WORD : A COMPREHENSIVE TUTORIAL CONSTRUCTING SINGLE-SUBJECT REVERSAL DESIGN GRAPHS USING MICROSOFT WORD : A COMPREHENSIVE TUTORIAL PATRICK GREHAN ADELPHI UNIVERSITY DANIEL J. MORAN MIDAMERICAN PSYCHOLOGICAL INSTITUTE This document is

More information

Making the most of your conference poster. Dr Krystyna Haq Graduate Education Officer Graduate Research School

Making the most of your conference poster. Dr Krystyna Haq Graduate Education Officer Graduate Research School Making the most of your conference poster Dr Krystyna Haq Graduate Education Officer Graduate Research School Why present a conference poster? Why present a conference poster? communicate a message (your

More information

GRAPHING DATA FOR DECISION-MAKING

GRAPHING DATA FOR DECISION-MAKING GRAPHING DATA FOR DECISION-MAKING Tibor Tóth, Ph.D. Center for Applied Demography and Survey Research (CADSR) University of Delaware Fall, 2006 TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction... 3 Use High Information

More information

Copyright 2008 Stephen Few, Perceptual Edge Page of 11

Copyright 2008 Stephen Few, Perceptual Edge Page of 11 Copyright 2008 Stephen Few, Perceptual Edge Page of 11 Dashboards can keep people well informed of what s going on, but most barely scratch the surface of their potential. Most dashboards communicate too

More information

Making PowerPoint Slides. Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides

Making PowerPoint Slides. Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides Making PowerPoint Slides Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides Tips to be Covered Outlines Slide Structure Fonts Colour Background Graphs Spelling and Grammar Conclusions Questions 2 Outline Make your 1

More information

Making PowerPoint Slides. Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides

Making PowerPoint Slides. Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides Making PowerPoint Slides Avoiding the Pitfalls of Bad Slides Tips to be Covered! Outlines! Slide Structure! Fonts! Colour! Background! Graphs! Spelling and Grammar! Conclusions! Questions Outline! Make

More information

Visualizing Data from Government Census and Surveys: Plans for the Future

Visualizing Data from Government Census and Surveys: Plans for the Future Censuses and Surveys of Governments: A Workshop on the Research and Methodology behind the Estimates Visualizing Data from Government Census and Surveys: Plans for the Future Kerstin Edwards March 15,

More information

Making PowerPoint Slides

Making PowerPoint Slides Making PowerPoint Slides Mirza Hasanuzzaman Associate Professor Department of Agronomy, SAU Know Your Audience Present information relevant to this audience Stay focused on the main topic Be brief Avoid

More information

Numbers as pictures: Examples of data visualization from the Business Employment Dynamics program. October 2009

Numbers as pictures: Examples of data visualization from the Business Employment Dynamics program. October 2009 Numbers as pictures: Examples of data visualization from the Business Employment Dynamics program. October 2009 Charles M. Carson 1 1 U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Washington, DC Abstract The Bureau

More information

PowerPoint 2007 Basics Website: http://etc.usf.edu/te/

PowerPoint 2007 Basics Website: http://etc.usf.edu/te/ Website: http://etc.usf.edu/te/ PowerPoint is the presentation program included in the Microsoft Office suite. With PowerPoint, you can create engaging presentations that can be presented in person, online,

More information

Guide To Creating Academic Posters Using Microsoft PowerPoint 2010

Guide To Creating Academic Posters Using Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 Guide To Creating Academic Posters Using Microsoft PowerPoint 2010 INFORMATION SERVICES Version 3.0 July 2011 Table of Contents Section 1 - Introduction... 1 Section 2 - Initial Preparation... 2 2.1 Overall

More information

R Graphics Cookbook. Chang O'REILLY. Winston. Tokyo. Beijing Cambridge. Farnham Koln Sebastopol

R Graphics Cookbook. Chang O'REILLY. Winston. Tokyo. Beijing Cambridge. Farnham Koln Sebastopol R Graphics Cookbook Winston Chang Beijing Cambridge Farnham Koln Sebastopol O'REILLY Tokyo Table of Contents Preface ix 1. R Basics 1 1.1. Installing a Package 1 1.2. Loading a Package 2 1.3. Loading a

More information

Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report

Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report Guidelines for Writing An APA Style Lab Report Research articles in psychology follow a specific format as set forth by the American Psychological Association (APA Style). The following sections describe

More information

Designing a Poster using MS-PowerPoint

Designing a Poster using MS-PowerPoint Designing a Poster using MS-PowerPoint TABLE OF CONTENTS Introduction... 3 Main components of a poster... 3 Setting up your poster... 5 Setting up the document size... 5 Configuring the grid and guides...

More information

3. T F One of the reasons to use visual aids in a speech is that you can break eye contact with the audience while discussing the aids.

3. T F One of the reasons to use visual aids in a speech is that you can break eye contact with the audience while discussing the aids. Chapter 14 True-False Questions 1. T F Research has shown that an average speaker who uses visual aids will come across as more credible and better prepared than a speaker who does not use visual aids.

More information

Scientific Posters. Bianca McArrell MDSR Program Manager 2015

Scientific Posters. Bianca McArrell MDSR Program Manager 2015 Scientific Posters Bianca McArrell MDSR Program Manager 2015 Goals for Your Poster Significant contribution to a meeting Part of professional education Provides information Develops your experience Builds

More information

Principles of Data Visualization

Principles of Data Visualization Principles of Data Visualization by James Bernhard Spring 2012 We begin with some basic ideas about data visualization from Edward Tufte (The Visual Display of Quantitative Information (2nd ed.)) He gives

More information

MS Office PowerPoint 2013

MS Office PowerPoint 2013 Presentation Software Level 1 PP1 (3 credits) MS Office PowerPoint 2013 Reference Guide Gwent ACL Partnership August 2015 CONTENTS INTRODUCTION 3 OPEN POWERPOINT 3 PLAN A PRESENTATION 4 CREATE A PRESENTATION

More information

Information Literacy Program

Information Literacy Program Information Literacy Program Excel (2013) Advanced Charts 2015 ANU Library anulib.anu.edu.au/training ilp@anu.edu.au Table of Contents Excel (2013) Advanced Charts Overview of charts... 1 Create a chart...

More information

PowerPoint Contents 1.0 POWERPOINT INTRODUCTION POWERPOINT TERMS STARTING POWERPOINT POWERPOINT S OPENING WINDOW 4

PowerPoint Contents 1.0 POWERPOINT INTRODUCTION POWERPOINT TERMS STARTING POWERPOINT POWERPOINT S OPENING WINDOW 4 Contents PowerPoint 2003 1.0 POWERPOINT INTRODUCTION 2 2.0 POWERPOINT TERMS 2 3.0 STARTING POWERPOINT 3 4.0 POWERPOINT S OPENING WINDOW 4 5.0 CREATE A NEW PRESENTATION 5 6.0 EDITING SLIDES 7 7.0 USING

More information

Advanced Presentation Features and Animation

Advanced Presentation Features and Animation There are three features that you should remember as you work within PowerPoint 2007: the Microsoft Office Button, the Quick Access Toolbar, and the Ribbon. The function of these features will be more

More information

Intro to Excel spreadsheets

Intro to Excel spreadsheets Intro to Excel spreadsheets What are the objectives of this document? The objectives of document are: 1. Familiarize you with what a spreadsheet is, how it works, and what its capabilities are; 2. Using

More information

Using SPSS 20, Handout 3: Producing graphs:

Using SPSS 20, Handout 3: Producing graphs: Research Skills 1: Using SPSS 20: Handout 3, Producing graphs: Page 1: Using SPSS 20, Handout 3: Producing graphs: In this handout I'm going to show you how to use SPSS to produce various types of graph.

More information

Gestation Period as a function of Lifespan

Gestation Period as a function of Lifespan This document will show a number of tricks that can be done in Minitab to make attractive graphs. We work first with the file X:\SOR\24\M\ANIMALS.MTP. This first picture was obtained through Graph Plot.

More information

WHICH TYPE OF GRAPH SHOULD YOU CHOOSE?

WHICH TYPE OF GRAPH SHOULD YOU CHOOSE? PRESENTING GRAPHS WHICH TYPE OF GRAPH SHOULD YOU CHOOSE? CHOOSING THE RIGHT TYPE OF GRAPH You will usually choose one of four very common graph types: Line graph Bar graph Pie chart Histograms LINE GRAPHS

More information

Characteristics of Auditory Learners:

Characteristics of Auditory Learners: Characteristics of Auditory Learners: Characteristics of Learning Styles They talk about what to do, about the pros and cons of a situation. They indicate emotion through the tone, pitch, and volume of

More information

Designing a good PowerPoint presentation Garr Reynolds: http://www.presentationzen.com/presentationzen

Designing a good PowerPoint presentation Garr Reynolds: http://www.presentationzen.com/presentationzen Designing a good PowerPoint presentation Garr Reynolds: http://www.presentationzen.com/presentationzen 1. Context matters - appropriate or inappropriate. That is, is it appropriate or inappropriate for

More information

Excel 2007 Tutorial - Draft

Excel 2007 Tutorial - Draft These notes will serve as a guide and reminder of several features in Excel 2007 that make the use of a spreadsheet more like an interactive thinking tool. The basic features/options to be explored are:

More information

Statistics Chapter 2

Statistics Chapter 2 Statistics Chapter 2 Frequency Tables A frequency table organizes quantitative data. partitions data into classes (intervals). shows how many data values are in each class. Test Score Number of Students

More information

Designing academic posters in Powerpoint Faculty of Arts - VU University Amsterdam. Designing academic posters in Powerpoint

Designing academic posters in Powerpoint Faculty of Arts - VU University Amsterdam. Designing academic posters in Powerpoint Designing academic posters in Powerpoint 1. Introduction Powerpoint for academic posters... 2 VU logo... 2 VU Print shop... 2 Page setup... 2 Layout and Guidelines... 3 How to add and use guides:... 4

More information

(1) Organize the data

(1) Organize the data Effective Communication Through Visual Design: Tables and Charts Strategy Institute 2011 Rebecca Carr, AAU Data Exchange, rcarr2@unl.edu Mary Harrington, University of Mississippi, ccmary@olemiss.edu Creating

More information

COMPETENT COMMUNICATION MANUAL (NEW)

COMPETENT COMMUNICATION MANUAL (NEW) Project #1: THE ICE BREAKER Executive Summary: For your first speech project, you will introduce yourself to your fellow club members and give them some information about your background, interests and

More information

Create a Data Visualization Cookbook Using Excel. Yueyue Fan, Ethan Pan, Cheryl M. Ackerman

Create a Data Visualization Cookbook Using Excel. Yueyue Fan, Ethan Pan, Cheryl M. Ackerman Create a Data Visualization Cookbook Using Excel Yueyue Fan, Ethan Pan, Cheryl M. Ackerman Why learn about Data Visualization? Agenda Introduce simple steps for effective visualization Hands-on practice

More information

INFORMATIVE SPEECH. Examples: 1. Specific purpose: I want to explain the characteristics of the six major classifications of show dogs.

INFORMATIVE SPEECH. Examples: 1. Specific purpose: I want to explain the characteristics of the six major classifications of show dogs. INFORMATIVE SPEECH An informative speech provides information about a specific subject to an audience. The aim of an informative speech is to help your audience to understand and to remember the information

More information

A form of assessment Visual, attractive and engaging. Poster presentations are... A conversation starter

A form of assessment Visual, attractive and engaging. Poster presentations are... A conversation starter Poster presentations Aims and Objectives This guide shows you how to produce a poster that is clear and creative, helping you make the most of your poster design Introduction Why do we make posters? A

More information

Principles of Data Visualization for Exploratory Data Analysis. Renee M. P. Teate. SYS 6023 Cognitive Systems Engineering April 28, 2015

Principles of Data Visualization for Exploratory Data Analysis. Renee M. P. Teate. SYS 6023 Cognitive Systems Engineering April 28, 2015 Principles of Data Visualization for Exploratory Data Analysis Renee M. P. Teate SYS 6023 Cognitive Systems Engineering April 28, 2015 Introduction Exploratory Data Analysis (EDA) is the phase of analysis

More information

615: Public Speaking Workshop

615: Public Speaking Workshop Order of the Arrow Boy Scouts of America 615: Public Speaking Workshop Overview: This session will prepare Lodge Leaders to the Art of Public Speaking. Through practice and a hands on approach the Workshop

More information

Data Visualization. Introductions

Data Visualization. Introductions Data Visualization Introduction Process Why Not Design Principles Resources Why Tools Ben Thompson ben.thompson@kingcounty.gov WSLGAA, March 20, 2012 1 Me Data visualization Introductions 2 3 4 Data Visualization

More information

Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Presentation

Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Presentation Steps for Planning and Preparing an Effective Presentation According to speaking consultant Lilyan Wilder (1999), two of the greatest myths about delivering oral presentations are that you re better off

More information

PowerPoint Workshop Joan S. Weeks SLIS Computer Labs Mgr. September 23, 2010

PowerPoint Workshop  Joan S. Weeks SLIS Computer Labs Mgr. September 23, 2010 PowerPoint Workshop Joan S. Weeks SLIS Computer Labs Mgr. September 23, 2010 Creating a PowerPoint Presentation A. Opening PowerPoint Click on the PowerPoint icon on your desktop or All programs>>msoffice>powerpoint

More information

The Secret Formula for Webinar Presentations that Work Every Time

The Secret Formula for Webinar Presentations that Work Every Time The Secret Formula for Webinar Presentations that Work Every Time by Gihan Perera www.webinarsmarts.com Sponsored by In an online presentation, your slides aren t visual aids; they ARE the visuals. One

More information

Statistics Review Solutions

Statistics Review Solutions Statistics Review Solutions 1. Katrina must take five exams in a math class. If her scores on the first four exams are 71, 69, 85, and 83, what score does she need on the fifth exam for her overall mean

More information

PowerPoint Basics (Office XP / Windows 2003 / Macintosh)

PowerPoint Basics (Office XP / Windows 2003 / Macintosh) PowerPoint Basics (Office XP / Windows 2003 / Macintosh) Microsoft PowerPoint is software that allows you to create custom presentations incorporating text, color, graphics, and animation. PowerPoint (PP)

More information

Chapter 2 Summarizing and Graphing Data

Chapter 2 Summarizing and Graphing Data Chapter 2 Summarizing and Graphing Data 2-1 Review and Preview 2-2 Frequency Distributions 2-3 Histograms 2-4 Graphs that Enlighten and Graphs that Deceive Preview Characteristics of Data 1. Center: A

More information

SECTION 2-1: OVERVIEW SECTION 2-2: FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS

SECTION 2-1: OVERVIEW SECTION 2-2: FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTIONS SECTION 2-1: OVERVIEW Chapter 2 Describing, Exploring and Comparing Data 19 In this chapter, we will use the capabilities of Excel to help us look more carefully at sets of data. We can do this by re-organizing

More information

Excel Lesson 1: Microsoft Excel Basics

Excel Lesson 1: Microsoft Excel Basics Excel Lesson 1: Microsoft Excel Basics 1. Active cell: The cell in the worksheet in which you can type data. 2. Active worksheet: The worksheet that is displayed in the work area. 3. Adjacent range: All

More information

Graphing an Interaction in SPSS version 15: LINE GRAPH

Graphing an Interaction in SPSS version 15: LINE GRAPH Graphing an Interaction in SPSS version 15: LINE GRAPH There is a good chance that sometime during your career you will be asked to graph an interaction. Briefly defined, an interaction is when the effect

More information

Best Practices for Dashboard Design with SAP BusinessObjects Design Studio

Best Practices for Dashboard Design with SAP BusinessObjects Design Studio Ingo Hilgefort, SAP Mentor February 2015 Agenda Best Practices on Dashboard Design Performance BEST PRACTICES FOR DASHBOARD DESIGN WITH SAP BUSINESSOBJECTS DESIGN STUDIO DASHBOARD DESIGN What is a dashboard

More information

Master Thesis Presentation How To. Before the Presentation. University of Rostock

Master Thesis Presentation How To. Before the Presentation. University of Rostock Master Thesis Presentation How To An almost unlimited amount of material is available (books, workshops, presentations, Internet, ) giving information about how to make an outstanding presentation. In

More information

Presentation Guidelines

Presentation Guidelines Presentation Guidelines Theatre and poster presentations on the EAAP website Please note that all theatre presentations will be placed on the EAAP website following the meeting as a service to all delegates,

More information

Effective Use of Tables and Figures in Abstracts, Presentations, and Papers

Effective Use of Tables and Figures in Abstracts, Presentations, and Papers Effective Use of Tables and Figures in Abstracts, Presentations, and Papers Charles G Durbin Jr MD FAARC Introduction Patient Flow Chart Graphs to Represent Data Summary In some situations, tables, graphs,

More information

The P.A.R.C. Principles of Visual Design. Proximity. CMPT 165: Design Principles

The P.A.R.C. Principles of Visual Design. Proximity. CMPT 165: Design Principles The P.A.R.C. Principles of Visual Design CMPT 165: Design Principles Tamara Smyth, tamaras@cs.sfu.ca School of Computing Science, Simon Fraser University October 24, 2011 In The Non-Designer s Design Book,

More information

Selling it to the C-Suite. Presented By: Gary Milewski, Perkins+Will, Inc

Selling it to the C-Suite. Presented By: Gary Milewski, Perkins+Will, Inc Selling it to the C-Suite Presented By: Gary Milewski, Perkins+Will, Inc What % of the Organization s Problems Are Known to. 4% Top Managers Open Communication vs. The Iceberg of Ignorance Problems unknown

More information

Appendix E: Graphing Data

Appendix E: Graphing Data You will often make scatter diagrams and line graphs to illustrate the data that you collect. Scatter diagrams are often used to show the relationship between two variables. For example, in an absorbance

More information

Making Great Posters for Research Applications

Making Great Posters for Research Applications Kelvin Smith Library Creating the engine to drive the world s most powerful learning environment. Making Great Posters for Research Applications July 2014 Ann Holstein, Kelvin Smith Library Purpose Purpose

More information

Char t s in Excel. Eight Suggestions for Displaying Data. Starting Your Chart

Char t s in Excel. Eight Suggestions for Displaying Data. Starting Your Chart Char t s in Excel Eight Suggestions for Displaying Data 1. Show as much data as possible, in as small a space as will display it comfortably. 2. Make sure your chart s scale and time-span are appropriately

More information

Effective Visualization Techniques for Data Discovery and Analysis

Effective Visualization Techniques for Data Discovery and Analysis WHITE PAPER Effective Visualization Techniques for Data Discovery and Analysis Chuck Pirrello, SAS Institute, Cary, NC Table of Contents Abstract... 1 Introduction... 1 Visual Analytics... 1 Static Graphs...

More information

Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2003. Creating a new presentation from a design template. Creating a new presentation from a design template

Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2003. Creating a new presentation from a design template. Creating a new presentation from a design template Microsoft Office PowerPoint 2003 Tutorial 2 Applying and Modifying Text and Graphic Objects 1 Creating a new presentation from a design template Click File on the menu bar, and then click New Click the

More information

Petrel TIPS&TRICKS from SCM

Petrel TIPS&TRICKS from SCM Petrel TIPS&TRICKS from SCM Maps: Knowledge Worth Sharing Map Annotation A map is a graphic representation of some part of the earth. In our industry, it may represent either the surface or sub surface;

More information

Plotting: Customizing the Graph

Plotting: Customizing the Graph Plotting: Customizing the Graph Data Plots: General Tips Making a Data Plot Active Within a graph layer, only one data plot can be active. A data plot must be set active before you can use the Data Selector

More information

How to make a line graph using Excel 2007

How to make a line graph using Excel 2007 How to make a line graph using Excel 2007 Format your data sheet Make sure you have a title and each column of data has a title. If you are entering data by hand, use time or the independent variable in

More information

MS PowerPoint an overview

MS PowerPoint an overview MS PowerPoint 2010 - an overview Microsoft PowerPoint is a presentation program, i.e. a software package used to display information as a slide show. This short course is an introduction to Microsoft PowerPoint

More information

10 simple steps to create. an awesome scientific poster

10 simple steps to create. an awesome scientific poster 10 simple steps to create an awesome scientific poster introduction An awesome scientific poster is a work of art. It successfully combines two rather unrelated fields: science and graphic design. Not

More information

Statistics and Probability

Statistics and Probability Statistics and Probability TABLE OF CONTENTS 1 Posing Questions and Gathering Data. 2 2 Representing Data. 7 3 Interpreting and Evaluating Data 13 4 Exploring Probability..17 5 Games of Chance 20 6 Ideas

More information

Effective Use of Bar Charts

Effective Use of Bar Charts Effective Use of Bar Charts Purpose Format This tool provides guidelines and tips on how to effectively use bar charts to communicate research findings. This tool provides guidance on bar charts and their

More information