School Bus Drivers Inservice TITLE OF LESSON: SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS DON T BE A STATISTIC

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1 School Bus Drivers Inservice TITLE OF LESSON: SLIPS, TRIPS, AND FALLS DON T BE A STATISTIC Objectives of Lesson: At the end of this lesson, the student will be able to: Give examples of causes of injuries on the job. List examples to reduce or prevent injuries on the job Demonstrate proper body position when driving Equipment for Lesson: Introduction: Overhead projector Laptop projector Flip chart or white board Screen If past trends continue, one out of every 12 school bus drivers will be injured on the job during the school year. This equates to 883 drivers of the total 10,600 school bus drivers in Washington State. Although numbering only about six percent of the total school employee population, school bus drivers account for percent of the workers compensation claims and 18 percent of the total workers compensation claim costs. Today we are emphasizing the most frequent causes of injuries and giving examples of how to prevent them. According to chapter WAC Employee Responsibilities, employees must study and follow all safe practices that apply to work. Presentation: Slide 1 The most frequent causes of workers compensation claims for school bus drivers occur from: Lesson Plan 1

2 1. Falls. Slide 2 Getting on and off the Bus: Slide 3 Missing a step. Moving from last step to ground. Pre and Post Trip: Slide 4 Opening gates. Fueling the bus. Opening and closing hoods. Cleaning the bus. Plugging and unplugging the bus. Closing windows and roof hatches. 2. Slips/Trips. Slide 5 Ice/Weather: Slide 6 When steps are wet or icy. When shoes are wet. Washing buses in inappropriate locations. Doghouse/Engine Compartment: Slide 7 Getting in and out of driver s seat. Back Packs/Things in Aisle Slide Lesson Plan 2

3 3. Body Motion. Slide 9 Cleaning/Washing Bus & Windshield: Slide 10 Reaching/twisting. Standing on tires. Inappropriate use of step ladders/stools. Use of Equipment and Driving: Slide 11 Opening and closing doors. Steering. Setting and releasing the brake. Using the foot pedals. Improper seat adjustment. Trainer s Note: Divide into groups to discuss and determine ways to prevent injuries in the following categories. Allow 10 minutes for discussion. Falls 1) Getting on and off the bus. 2) Pre and post trip inspections. Slips/Trips 1) Ice weather. 2) Doghouse/engine compartment. 3) Student belongings. Body Motion 1) Cleaning & washing the bus. 2) Use of equipment/driving. After returning to the main group, have one spokesperson from each group write their suggestions on a white board or flip chart. Instructors point out the common denominators and then present the How to Prevent portion of the lesson plan Lesson Plan 3

4 4. What Are the Common Denominators in All of the Categories? Slide 12 Lack of caution and awareness. 5. How to Prevent Injuries. Slide 13 Be mentally and physically ready to do your job: Slide 14 Don t rush and allow enough time to get to work. Get enough rest and sleep. No alcohol or non-prescription drugs. Leave your personal life at home. Be aware of surroundings: Slide 15 Walking to and from your bus. Inside and outside of the bus at all times. Pay attention. Slow down, don t hurry. Appropriate footwear for the job and weather conditions: Closed toe and closed heel shoes. Slides Appropriate soles on shoes. Traction devices. Use the Handrail: Slide 22 Body Position/Stretching: Slide 23 Keep body as close to neutral as possible. Keep hands out of pockets. Things that you can do: Slide 24 Stretch before Work and after Breaks: Slides 25 & 26 Brisk walk. Stretching Techniques. Warm up slowly. Hold for seconds. Tension, not pain. Avoid Bouncing Lesson Plan 4

5 Body Zones for Stretching: Slide 27 Shoulders. Neck. Wrist. Back and hips. Trainer Note: Spend approximately five minutes leading the group in the exercises: Use Slides 28 & 29 to show examples. Have you taken a stretch today? Lead group through the exercises: Slides 28 & 29 Review: Slides 30 & 31 Flex and stretch to keep muscles mobile. Don t over extend upper extremity when performing pre/post trips. Adjust equipment to eliminate (or lessen) twisting, tilting and bending of the neck. Avoid twisting when getting out of the bus seat. If possible, avoid lifting for 2 3 minutes after driving ligaments in your back stretch and slacken if you sit a long time. After standing they remain slack and can not support the spine as they normally do. 6. Proper Seat Adjustment: Slides Seat back adjusted degrees from your legs tilt a notch every minutes. Elbows should be bent at a 90 degree angle. Seat should be forward enough that you do not have to lean forward. Reach the foot pedal without stretching Lesson Plan 5

6 Summary: Slide 40 We have identified causes and prevention of the most common injuries to school bus drivers. Hopefully the discussion raised awareness of the responsibility school bus drivers hold for their own safety. We ve learned that school bus drivers account for 18 percent of the total workers compensation costs. Lowering this number is the responsibility of each of us. Don t become a statistic. Evaluations: Slide Give examples of causes of injuries on the job. Answers: Fall, Slips/Trips, Body Motions. 2. List examples to reduce or prevent injuries on the job. Answers: Slow down, don t hurry, wear appropriate footwear, use handrail, use proper body position, be aware of surroundings, and be mentally and physically ready to do your job. 3. Demonstrate proper body position when driving Answers: Elbow at 90 percent angle to the steering wheel and feet flat on the floor Lesson Plan 6

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