1 National Motorcycle Conference Jim Hand Head of Crash Mitigation Department for Transport
2 NATIONAL MOTORCYCLE CONFERENCE Jim Hand 27 August 2014
3 The Issue The safety of motorcyclists is very important. Motorcyclists are one of our most vulnerable road user groups. On average, motorcyclists represented 1% of UK road traffic but around 20% of all deaths. In 2013, 331 motorcyclists were killed and 4866 seriously injured.
4 Why consider helmets? 80% of all motorcyclist fatalities and 70% of those with serious injuries, sustain head injuries. Research shows that, statistically, head impacts are distributed uniformly around the circumference of the helmet. Research indicates that casualties can be reduced quite significantly by improvements to motorcycle helmet performance.
5 Why consider helmets? Scientific studies of helmet performance showed a wide variation in the levels of protection offered in the market. Helmet loss during the impact phase of an incident is variously reported as occurring in 10-14% of collisions. Anecdotal information suggests that a high percentage of motorcyclists wear a helmet that is one size too large for them.
6 Research Published in 2001, COST 327 is the largest and most detailed study of European motorcycle accidents. Chaired by DfT, COST 327 was a collaboration of experts from France, Germany, Hungary, Italy, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Finland and the United Kingdom. European Co-operation in the Field of Scientific and Technical Research COST 327 Motorcycle Safety Helmets
7 Research COST 327 observed: Particular attention should be paid to the Temporal Fossa region which is particularly vulnerable to injury. Increasing helmet energy absorbing capabilities by ~30% would reduce 50% of the critical/unsurvivable casualties to serious/severe outcomes.
8 What is SHARP? Safety Helmet Assessment & Rating Programme Consumer information programme Assessment of safety performance over and above minimum legal requirements Impartial and objective advice to help motorcyclists select the right helmet Simple to use 1-5 star rating system. Core message: Fit Comfort Safety
9 Fit & Comfort Motorcycle groups had raised concerns about differences in the expertise available to help consumers select a correctly fitting helmet at retailers. Working with the helmet supply industry, SHARP established the best practice and agreed the guidance that is available on the SHARP website and in other printed SHARP material. Part of the fitting procedure is to determine the security of the helmet on the head. Comfort helps the rider to concentrate and therefore be safer.
10 Safety Helmets are purchased from high street retailers. 32 different impact tests are used to determine each star-rating. Each helmet is tested at three different impact severities - ensuring protection over a wide range of impact scenarios. The test methods are robust, accurate, repeatable and reproducible. The rating calculation reflects not only the rider s tolerance to head injury but also their risk and exposure.
11 Where do we impact the helmet? X X X X US Federal Standards (& SNELL) do not test the performance of the helmet in the temporal area. SHARP uses the test points prescribed in UN ECE Regulation 22.05, supplemented by strip down and inspection TRL s Research Report Motorcyclists Helmets and Visors Test methods and new technologies, concluded that the X-point be considered the worst case point and therefore indicative of the best protection that can be offered to the rider.
12 Acceleration "g" Performance differences Side Impact (left)peak g velocity (m/s) Regulated test velocity 12
13 Rating calculation Fatality risk for each peak acceleration result from the 32 impact tests determined Weighting applied to the probability of each impact occurring (location, surface and speed) Total weighted injury risk multiplied by an exposure constant to determine the safety rating
14 What does it mean? 100% fatality risk 50% fatality risk <20% fatality risk
15 Summary of published ratings Ratings for 328 models published Further models currently in the test programme
16 Communication - Website
17 Communication - website
18 Manufacturers websites
19 Communication - Twitter
20 Z card leaflets Distributed at Motorcycle shows Available free of charge through the SHARP website
21 Awards Prince Michael Road Safety Award 2013 FIM (Fédération Internationale de Motocyclisme) annual road safety award in December 2013
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