Injury patterns among commercial motorcycle users attending Kitale level IV district hospital, Kenya

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Injury patterns among commercial motorcycle users attending Kitale level IV district hospital, Kenya"

Transcription

1

2 Prime Journal of Social Science (PJSS) ISSN: Vol. 3(7), pp , July xx, Prime Journals Full Length Research Paper Injury patterns among commercial motorcycle users attending Kitale level IV district hospital, Kenya 1 Peter Kiteywo Sisimwo, 2 Peter Kabanya Mwaniki and 3 Christine Bii 1 Jomo Kenyatta university of agriculture and technology, College of Health Sciences, P.O. Box Kitale, Kenya. 2 Jomo Kenyatta university of agriculture and technology, college of health sciences, Kenya 3 Kenya medical research institute, centre for medical research, Nairobi, Kenya Accepted 14 th July, 2014 The rise in the use of commercial motorcycles in Kenya has been associated with increased injury rates. Between 2004 and 2009, motorcycle injuries increased at a rate of 29 %. In some hospitals, commercial motorcycle users have become the predominant road user category injured. We carried out a descriptive cross sectional study to determine the socio demographic characteristics, injury patterns and mechanism leading to commercial motorcycle crash injuries at Kitale district hospital. 371 Commercial motorcycle trauma patients were recruited consecutively between 1 st August 2013 and 31 st October The data captured included demographics; injury patterns, mechanism of injury, helmet use and Glasgow coma scale. Data collection was done using a pre-tested, coded questionnaire. Frequencies, mean and chi-square was employed in the analysis. Analysis was done using SPSS V.20. Results were considered significant at α=0.05. Commercial motorcycle injury patients formed 39.4% of all road traffic injury admissions. 70.1% were males and median age was 30 years. Pattern of injuries sustained by victims included head and neck injury 40%, lower extremity injury 39.9% and chest injury 8.2%. Motorcycle riders (45.1%) and passengers (38.9%) without a helmet during the crash sustained severe head injuries ( 2 = , P<0.001). Surgical intervention was indicated for 63.8% of the inpatients. 70% of patients with head injuries were assessed as having Glasgow coma scale of 9-12, 26% GCS of and 7% GCS of 3-8. Motorcycle versus vehicle was the most common mechanism of motorcycle crash injury 45.6%. Head injuries and lower extremity injuries accounted for the major proportion of injuries sustained by commercial motorcycle users. Non helmet use was associated with increased risk of head injuries. Morbidity can be mitigated by encouraging use of protective gear like helmets and encouraging enforcement of traffic laws. Key words: Injury patterns, severity, commercial motorcycle injuries, Kenya INTRODUCTION Road traffic injuries contribute significantly to the burden of disease and mortality throughout the world, but particularly in developing countries (Ameratunga et al., 2006). Currently Road traffic injuries are ranked ninth globally among the leading causes of disability adjusted life years lost. It has been predicted that by 2020, they will rank as high as third among causes of disability adjusted life years (DALYs) lost (Peden et al., 2000). It has been observed that recently all over the world, motorcycle collisions account for a considerable rate of morbidity and mortality due to road traffic crashes (Lin et al., 2009). In America for instance recent literature reported that more people than ever are purchasing motorcycles, particularly more middle aged men (NHTSA, 2006). Motorcycle is a most dangerous mode of transportation than automobile because there is no structure to protect the rider during a crash. When compared as per mile traveled it was realized that drivers are 21 times more likely to be killed on a motorcycle than in an automobile (NHTSA, 2006). The increase of Motorcycle crash has been reported in a number of African countries. In Nigeria for instance motorcycle crashes were responsible for 54% of all injuries seen in one teaching Hospital (Madubueze et al.,

3 807 Prim. J. Soc. Sci. 2006). While in Uganda motorcycle crashes were responsible for 25% of all RTI seen at Mulago Teaching Hospital (Naddumba, 2004). The motorcycle, commonly called bodaboda in Uganda and Kenya (Galukande et al., 2004) and Okada in Nigeria (Oluwadiya et al., 2004) has recently become increasingly popular in Kenya as a means of commercial transport. Their operation is characterized by non-helmet use by riders and passengers, passenger overload, lack of valid licensing, over speeding and reckless driving, poor regulation and law enforcement and possible use of alcohol and drugs (Museru and Leshabari 2002). The scarcity of existing data on commercial motorcycle injuries in this environment despite morbidity and mortality resulting from motorcycle crashes necessitate a further look into the injury patterns, severity and mechanism influencing the occurrence of such crashes. Studying the injury pattern of these motorcyclists will reveal the burden of the problem, as deaths and injuries due to road traffic crashes have not really been seen as a matter of public health importance. This was a descriptive cross sectional study of injuries among commercial motorcycle users presenting at Kitale district hospital. Research objectives 1. To determine the socio demographic characteristics of patients with commercial motorcycle crash injuries attending Kitale level IV district hospital. 2. To determine the injury patterns and severity among commercial motorcycle crash injury patients attending Kitale level IV district hospital. 3. To describe the mechanism leading to commercial motorcycle crash injuries among patients attending Kitale level IV district hospital. METHODS This was a descriptive cross-sectional study of patients with commercial motorcycle crash injuries of all age groups and gender presenting at the Accident and Emergency (A&E) department of Kitale level IV District Hospital. Kitale level IV district hospital provides Accident and Emergency services and its Government sponsored. Trauma patients are first resuscitated and managed at the A&E Department according to the Advanced Trauma Life Support (ATLS) principles and then admitted to the admitting surgical firm. The study population comprised victims of commercial motorcycle crashes presenting at the Accident and Emergency department between 1 st August 2013 and 31 st October All victims of commercial motorcycle crash injuries presenting at the accident and emergency department were eligible for the study. At presentation, patients or their conveyers were interviewed by research assistants according to the details provided on a proforma. The data collected were patient s bio data, the injury sustained, mechanism of the crash injury, pre hospital transportation, body region injured, radiological findings, setting of the crash, condition of the road, collision type and use of helmet. The personal status during the crash was identified whether he/she was the rider, passenger and pedestrian. The fate of the subject whether discharged in good condition, admitted to the wards, referred or died was documented. Using the Fischer s exact test the minimum sample size calculated was 371. Data cleaning and validation was performed using SPSS version 20. Descriptive statistics such as mean, standard deviation, range and frequency proportions was performed. Pearson s chi square was used to test for the significance of association between dependent variable and independent variables. The level of statistical significance was set at P < Binary logistic regression was used to adjust for confounding. RESULTS During the study period 942 cases of road traffic injuries were seen at the A&E department. Commercial Motorcycle traffic injuries accounted for 39.4% of all traffic injuries. 371 commercial motorcycle crash related injury patients participated in the study. 259(69.8%) were males and the mean age (in years) was 30.7(SD ± 13). The youngest age reported was 3 years and the oldest was 80 years, with a range of 77 years. The educational level of victims revealed that of the 167 riders, 106 (44%) had primary level of education. 40 (34%) of passengers had at least secondary education with 12 (100%) having tertiary education. The occupational status revealed that 163 (43.9%) of the victims were commercial motorcyclists, 65 (17.5%) were students, and 40 (10.8%) were farmers (Table 1). Motorcycle versus vehicle was the most reported mechanism of the motorcycle crash injuries 175(45.6%). Motorcycle versus motorcycle was reported by 90(23.4%) patients, motorcycle versus pedestrian 147 (39.6%) and motorcycle versus bicycle formed 9.9% of the cases reported (figure 1). As regards the anatomical location of injuries, Hundred and forty seven (39.9%) had head and neck injuries and a similar proportion were injured at the lower extremity (figure 2). Majority of those who did not have helmet at the time of the crash had head injuries as compared to those who had helmet ( 2 = , P<0.001). All the patients with severe head injury did not wear helmet at the time of injury. Majority of the patients were treated as in-patients 317(85.7%). Among those treated as outpatients, 38(73.1%) were done minor surgery and 3(5.8%) received radiology and drug prescription services. Among the inpatients, 201(63.8%) had major surgery and 73(23.2%) had radiological investigations. Most of the injuries sustained by victims were 259(70%) moderate, 25(6.8%) severe, 1(0.3%) critical and 1(0.3) fatal (Figure 3). On arrival at the hospital,

4 Sisimwo et al., 808 Table 1: Socio-demographic characteristics of the respondents Characteristic Rider (%) Passenger (%) Pedestrian (%) Total (%) Gender Male Female 165(64) 2(1.8) 67(26) 77(68.8) 26(10.1) 33(29.5) 259 (69.8) 112 (30.2) Religion Christian Muslim Marital status Single Married Divorced Widowed Education level Primary Secondary College Occupation Businessman/woman Motorcyclist Driver Student Farmer Housewife Other 165(45.5) 1(16.7) 60(38) 107(51.2) 106(44) 61(52.1) 1(2.1) 161(98.8) 1(1.6) 1(2.5) 3(12) 141(38.8) 3(50) 57(36.1) 84(40.2) 2(100) 1(100) 92(38.2) 40(34.2) 12(100) 31(66) 1(0.6) 3(75) 33(51.6) 35(87.5) 19(79.2) 21(84) 57(15.7) 2(33.3) 41(25.9) 18(8.6) 43(17.8) 16(13.7) 15(31.9) 1(0.6) 1(25) 30(46.9) 4(10) 5(20.8) 1(4) 365 (98.4) 6(1.6) 159(42.9) 209(56.3) 2(0.5) 1(0.3) 242(65.2) 117(31.5) 12(3.3) 47(12.7) 163(43.9) 4(1.1) 65(17.5) 40(10.8) 24(6.5) 25(6.7) Figure1: Mechanism of motorcycle crash injury 240(64.7%) patients with head injury were assessed as having Glasgow coma scale of between 9-12 moderate injury and 29(7.8%) was between 3-8 severe injuries. There was a significant relationship between the category of road user and severity of the crash injury (p<0.001). 49 (29.3%) of motorcycle riders had severe injuries, 9 (6.2%) of passengers had severe injuries while 2 (3.4%) of pedestrians had severe injuries (Table 2). Similarly, there was a significant relationship between age-group and severity of the crash injury (p=0.007). 21 (21.2%) Motorcycle injury victims in the age group suffered severe injuries. 1(10%) of those in the age group >60 suffered severe injury as indicated in table 3. Table 4 shows that 28 (16.8%) of the motorcyclists were found to have had formal training before riding. The use of personal protective devices was generally poor as only 32% of riders and passengers use crash helmets, 2 (0.5%) wear special shoes, but it was found that 91% of them wear protective clothing basically to protect them from cold. In contrast to their use of protective devices, the participants tended to pay attention to safety devices on their motorcycles. The majority reported that they ensured that the indicator lights and head lamps 295 (82.2%) were in proper working conditions.

5 809 Prim. J. Soc. Sci. Figure 2: Anatomical/Site of injury Figure 3: Abbreviated injury score Table 2: Relationship between category of road user and severity Road user Minor Moderate Severe Motorcycle rider 12(7.2%) 106(63.5%) 49(29.3%) Passenger 8(5.6%) 127(88.2%) 9(6.2%) Pedestrian 32(54.2%) 25(42.4%) 2(3.4%) 2 = , p<0.001 Table 3: Relationship between age-group and severity of crash injury Age-group (yrs) Severity of crash injury Minor Moderate Severe <25 29(23.6% 79(64.2%) 15(12.2%) (12.2%) 66(66.7%) 21(21.2%) (7.2%) 106(76.3%) 23(16.5%) >60 1(10%) 8(80%) 1(10%) 2 =17.678, p=0.007

6 Sisimwo et al., 810 Table 4: Risk behaviors and occurrence of crashes among commercial motorcycle users Characteristics Frequency Percentage Training before riding % Use of protective devices Use of crash helmet % Wearing of protective clothing % Special shoes 2 0.5% Proper working conditions of motorcycle safety devices Flashing lights % Use of alcohol Clinical suspicion % Declined blood test 6 1.6% Not assessed % Alcohol content was not assessed for 78.9% of riders, passengers and pedestrians, however there was clinical suspicion in 59 (15.4%) of the victims. 6 (1.6%) of the victims declined to be tested for blood alcohol levels. DISCUSSIONS Road transportation plays an important part in a society for the movement of not only people but also of goods. The consequences of road crashes cannot be overemphasized as it leads to morbidity, mortality and increased economic cost in terms of managing injuries and hospitalization. Due to the relative cost of purchase and ease of maintenance in comparison to motor vehicles, the use of motorcycles in Kenya as a means of transportation is seen as a cheap alternative in the movement of people and goods both on a commercial and private basis. In addition the commercial motorcycle operators claim that the motorcycles are fuel efficient in the light of frequent fuel scarcities, and are able to navigate poor network of roads with the frequent attendant traffic congestion both in the cities and rural areas. The majority of motorcycle crash injury victims were of the age between 21 and 30 years. This is similar to other studies where the majority of patients involved in motorcycle crash were aged between 20 and 29 years (Naddumba, 2004). In contrary two studies done elsewhere reported the majority of motorcycle crash injury victims to be less than age of 20 years (Oluwadiya et al., 2004). The reason why the youth are involved in commercial motorcycle could be explained by the fact that at this age group majority are engaged in productive activities predisposing to risks of being involved in road traffic crashes. In this study more males than females were commercial motorcycle riders. Similar findings have been reported elsewhere (NHTSA, 2006). This could be explained by the fact that there are more male riders than female. In this study the majority of motorcycle crash injuries were found to be riders. Similar findings were reported elsewhere where they found that 41.0% to 62.0% of motorcycle crash injury victims were riders (Solagberu et al., 2006). This shows that the riders constitute the majority of motorcycle crash injury victims reporting to hospitals. Therefore this particular group requires a special attention when planning strategies to prevent motorcycle crashes. In this study half of victims had primary education and below. This perceived low level of literacy could be due to their inability to appreciate safety messages and codes. This supports another study in which motorcyclist with higher level of education were found to practice safety codes more regularly (Amoran et al., 2006). In addition, illiterate riders may not be able to interpret road signs thus contributing to road crashes. The most commonly sustained injuries were to the head followed by injuries of the lower and upper extremity as reported previously from other populations (Peden et al., 2004). The vulnerability of the extremities in particular the lower limbs could be due to a number of factors such as anatomical location, lack of protectors on the extremity and poor assembly of rear wheel. Some studies have however reported head injury as the most frequently occurring injury among motorcyclists. A study to asses motorcycle injuries in north-central Nigeria, reported that head injury (40.1%) was the most frequently occurring injury followed closely by extremity injuries (38.1%). None of the patients wore protective helmet (Nwadiaro et al., 2011). The increased risk of serious head injury in the absence of helmet wearing as has been documented previously and our study reinforces these findings in a developing world context (Liu et al., 2008). In this study there was a significant relationship between the category of the road user and severity of the injuries (p<0.001). Higher percentage of severe cases was among the motorcycle riders. However in a study of road traffic injuries in Western Maharashtra, no positive correlation existed between category of road user and severity of injury (Patil et al., 2008). This could be attributed to differences in areas of study as well measurement scales of the study variable. The commonest cause of motorcycle crash was collision with a vehicle. Vehicles have been reported to contribute majority of motorcycle accidents mainly due to their inability to detect or recognize them in traffic

7 811 Prim. J. Soc. Sci. (Solagberu et al., 2006). This shows that probably cooperation, awareness and concern for others and good riding and driving habits are essentials among all road users. The study also found that the pedestrian (39.6%) remains a vulnerable group to motorcycle crash similar to what has been reported elsewhere (Naddumba, 2004). The motorcycle-vehicle and motorcycle-pedestrian collisions occur commonly because the majority of the riders often ignore safety measures, making them more vulnerable to crashes with other motorized vehicles (Oluwadiya et al., 2004). In addition, the absence of pedestrian walkways in most of the roads in Kenya has increased the vulnerability of pedestrians to all motorized vehicles. Among the motorcycle crash riders that participated in the study a smaller percentage 28 (16.8%) had training before riding a motorcycle. An unlicensed or improperly licensed rider is a factor that has been associated with motorcycle fatalities. In 2007, 26% of motorcyclists involved in fatal crashes did not have a valid motorcycle license, compared to 13% of drivers of passenger vehicles who were not properly licensed (NHTSA, 2006). CONCLUSIONS Commercial motorcycle crash is a major cause of road traffic injury among victims attended to at Kitale level IV hospital. The youth in their reproductive age group were the most involved in commercial motorcycle crashes. The pedestrians, riders and their passengers were commonly injured in motorcycle crashes. The majority of the injuries involved the lower extremity and head. Commercial motorcycle riders and passengers without helmets at the time of crash suffered severe head injuries. Larger proportion of the riders didn t undergo formal training before riding a motorbike. Motorcycle and motor vehicle collision was the commonest recorded mode of crash accounting for majority of the injuries. Recommendations 1. Commercial motorcycle riders to undergo comprehensive pre-riding course and be tested by traffic police before possessing a riding license. 2. Commercial motorcycle riders and their passengers to wear helmet. 3. Provision of educational and training programs aimed at improving road user behavior among the general public. 4. Further studies should be done on the role of alcohol and substance use among commercial motorcycle riders and crash occurrence. University of Agriculture and Technology for facilitating the carrying out of the study. REFERENCES Ameratunga S HM, Norton R (2006). Road traffic injuries: confronting disparities to address a global health problem. Lancet 367: Amoran OE, Owoaje E, Giwa OA, Gbolahan OB (2006). Road safety practices among commercial motorcyclists in a rural town in Nigeria: implications for health education. International Quarterly of Community Health Education. 24(1): Galukande M, Jombwe J, Fualal J, Gakwaya A, (2009). Bodaboda injuries a health problem and a Burden of Disease in Uganda: A tertiary Hospital survey. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 14: Lin MR, Kraus JF (2009). A review of risk factors and patterns of motorcycle injuries. Accident Analysis Preview July; 41(4): PubMed PMID: Liu B, Ivers R, Norton R, Boufous S, Blows S, Lo S (2008): Helmets for preventing injury in motorcycle riders. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008:CD Madubueze CC, Chukwu CO, Omoke NI, Oyakhilome OP, Ozo C (2006). Road traffic injuries as seen in a Nigerian teaching hospital. Int Orthop. Jul 11. PubMed PMID: Museru LM, Leshabari MT, (2002). Road traffic accidents in Tanzania: A 10-year epidemiological appraisal. East and Central African Journal of Surgery 7: Naddumba EK, (2004). A cross sectional retrospective study of boda boda injuries at Mulago Hospital in Kampala, Uganda. East Cent Afr J Surg; 9:44-7. National Highway Transport Safety Authority (2006). Recent trends in fatal motorcycle crashes: An update: Washington: US Department of Transportation. Nwadiaro HC, Ekwe KK, Akpayak IC, Shitta H, (2011). Motorcycle injuries in north-central Nigeria. Niger J Clin Pract. 14:186-9 Oluwadiya KS, Oginni IM, Olasinde AA, Odu OO, Olakulehin OA, Olatoke SA, (2004). Motorcycle limb injuries in a developing country. West African Journal of Medicine. 23: Patil SS, Kakade RV, Durgawale PM, Kakade SV, (2008). Pattern of road traffic injuries: A study from western Maharashtra. Indian Journal of Community Medicine. 33: Peden M, Scurfield R, Sleet D, Mohan D, Hyder AA, Jarawan E, Mathers C, (2004): World report on road traffic injury prevention. Geneva: World Health Organization Peden MK, Krug E, (2000). Injury: a leading cause of the global burden of disease. Geneva: WHO; The injury chart book. Solagberu BA, Ofoegbu CK, Nasir AA, Ogundipe OK, Adekanye AO, Abdur-Rahman LO, (2006). Motorcycle injuries in a developing country and the vulnerability of riders, passengers, and pedestrians. Inj Prev.Aug; 12(4): Acknowledgement We would like to acknowledge the management of Kitale District hospital, ITROMID/ KEMRI and Jomo Kenyatta

Crash characteristics and injury patterns among commercial motorcycle users attending Kitale level IV district hospital, Kenya

Crash characteristics and injury patterns among commercial motorcycle users attending Kitale level IV district hospital, Kenya Research Open Access Crash characteristics and injury patterns among commercial motorcycle users attending Kitale level IV district hospital, Kenya Peter Kiteywo Sisimwo 1,&, Peter Kabanya Mwaniki 1, Christine

More information

Magnitude, Risk Factors and

Magnitude, Risk Factors and Motorcycle Injuries in East Africa: Magnitude, Risk Factors and Prevention RTIRN Regional Workshop, Accra, Ghana, December 2, 2009 P f Wil Od Prof. Wilson Odero Maseno University, Kenya Introduction Outline

More information

DeterminingInjurySeverityAmongstVictimsofMotorcycleAccidentsinSokotoNorthWestNigeria

DeterminingInjurySeverityAmongstVictimsofMotorcycleAccidentsinSokotoNorthWestNigeria Global Journal of Medical research Interdisciplinary Volume 13 Issue 7 Version 1.0 Year 2013 Type: Double Blind Peer Reviewed International Research Journal Publisher: Global Journals Inc. (USA) Online

More information

The use of crash helmets among commercial motorcycle riders in Ogbomoso, South-West, Nigeria

The use of crash helmets among commercial motorcycle riders in Ogbomoso, South-West, Nigeria Merit Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences (ISSN: 2354-323X) Vol. 3(2) pp. 062-068, February, 2015 Available online http://www.meritresearchjournals.org/mms/index.htm Copyright 2015 Merit

More information

Road Traffic Injuries in Kenya: A Survey of Motorcycle Drivers (V. 1.0, 13 June 2014)

Road Traffic Injuries in Kenya: A Survey of Motorcycle Drivers (V. 1.0, 13 June 2014) Fact Sheet Road Traffic Injuries in Kenya: A Survey of Motorcycle Drivers (V. 1.0, 13 June 2014) Summary & Background The World Health Organization estimates that over 1.2 million people die from road

More information

Analysis of Patients with Severe Trauma Caused by Motorcycle Accidents 1

Analysis of Patients with Severe Trauma Caused by Motorcycle Accidents 1 Analysis of Patients with Severe Trauma Caused by Motorcycle Accidents 1 1 You In-Gyu, 2 Lim Chung Hwan, 3 Shim Jae Goo 1, First Author Dept of Health Care, Hanseo University, semicoma72@daum.net *2,Corresponding

More information

ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED THE ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MEDICAL CENTRE, KUALA LUMPUR

ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED THE ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MEDICAL CENTRE, KUALA LUMPUR ORIGINAL ARTICLE JUMMEC 2008:11(1) ROAD TRAFFIC INJURIES AMONG PATIENTS WHO ATTENDED THE ACCIDENT AND EMERGENCY UNIT OF THE UNIVERSITY OF MALAYA MEDICAL CENTRE, KUALA LUMPUR Moe H Department of Social

More information

Prevalence and pattern of road traffic accidents among commercial motorcyclists in a city in Southern Nigeria

Prevalence and pattern of road traffic accidents among commercial motorcyclists in a city in Southern Nigeria Educational Research (ISSN: 2141-5161) Vol. 3(6) pp. 537-542, June 2012 Available online@ http://www.interesjournals.org/er Copyright 2012 International Research Journals Full Length Research Paper Prevalence

More information

SSMJ Issue 2 Vol 4. Downloaded from http://www.southernsudanmedicaljournal.com

SSMJ Issue 2 Vol 4. Downloaded from http://www.southernsudanmedicaljournal.com Motorcycle-Related Trauma in South Sudan: a cross sectional observational study. Andrew Allan, University of Birmingham. AXA615@bham.ac.uk Abstract Motorcycle related trauma is a major cause of morbidity

More information

MOTORBIKE RIDERS AND CYCLISTS

MOTORBIKE RIDERS AND CYCLISTS HSRC MOTORBIKE RIDERS AND CYCLISTS 113 8 MOTORBIKE RIDERS AND CYCLISTS 8.1 INTRODUCTION Motorbike and bicycle riders constitute only a small portion of road accident victims. In the RAF system only 1%

More information

Motorcycle Injuries as an Emerging Public Health Problem in Mwanza City, North-Western Tanzania

Motorcycle Injuries as an Emerging Public Health Problem in Mwanza City, North-Western Tanzania 214 Tanzania Journal of Health Research Volume 12, Number 4, October 2010 ORIGINAL RESEARCH ARTICLES Motorcycle Injuries as an Emerging Public Health Problem in Mwanza City, North-Western Tanzania PHILLIPO

More information

ASSESSMENT OF THE MAGNITUDE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA. Theme: Research and evidence based practice. By S.

ASSESSMENT OF THE MAGNITUDE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA. Theme: Research and evidence based practice. By S. ASSESSMENT OF THE MAGNITUDE OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS IN THE KILIMANJARO REGION, TANZANIA Theme: Research and evidence based practice By S. Saria Definitions Introduction / Context Objectives Methods Results

More information

Motorcycle Related Crash Victims (What the Statistics Say) Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety

Motorcycle Related Crash Victims (What the Statistics Say) Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Motorcycle Related Crash Victims (What the Statistics Say) Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Illinois Highway Safety Program Areas Occupant Protection

More information

Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System

Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System Crash Outcome Data Evaluation System HEALTH AND COST OUTCOMES RESULTING FROM TRAUMATIC BRAIN INJURY CAUSED BY NOT WEARING A HELMET, FOR MOTORCYCLE CRASHES IN WISCONSIN, 2011 Wayne Bigelow Center for Health

More information

Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges

Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges Motorcycle Safety Program Initiatives: Achievement and Challenges Mehdi Nassirpour Illinois Department of Transportation Division of Transportation Safety Objectives 1. General Statistics on Motorcycles

More information

Motorcyclists killed and injured (1980 2012)

Motorcyclists killed and injured (1980 2012) Motorcyclists CRASH FACTSHEET November 2013 CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2012 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport In 2012, 50 motorcyclists 1 died and a further 1,138 were injured

More information

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel

Deaths/injuries in motor vehicle crashes per million hours spent travelling, July 2008 June 2012 (All ages) Mode of travel Cyclists CRASH STATISTICS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 212 Prepared by the Ministry of Transport CRASH FACTSHEET November 213 Cyclists have a number of risk factors that do not affect car drivers. The

More information

Iowa CODES Fact Sheet 1. Traumatic Brain Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicle Crash (MVC) - 2007-2009

Iowa CODES Fact Sheet 1. Traumatic Brain Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicle Crash (MVC) - 2007-2009 Iowa CODES Fact Sheet 1 Traumatic Brain Injuries Caused by Motor Vehicle Crash (MVC) - 2007-2009 Of all types of injury, traumatic brain injuries () are among the most likely to cause death or permanent

More information

Causes of Fatalities and Injuries from Motorcycle Accidents in Bangkok by Autopsy Investigation

Causes of Fatalities and Injuries from Motorcycle Accidents in Bangkok by Autopsy Investigation 8 th National Grad Research Conference 1 Causes of Fatalities and Injuries from Motorcycle Accidents in Bangkok by Autopsy Investigation Nattapong Wittayarungruengsri MSc, Thamrong Chirachariyavej MD,

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland

The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland The spectrum of motorcycle research in Maryland Cynthia Burch MPH, Timothy Kerns MS National Study Center for Trauma & EMS, University of Maryland School of Medicine Abstract Motorcycle riders experience

More information

Motorcycle Safety A Trauma Surgeon s Perspective Sean A. Nix, D.O.

Motorcycle Safety A Trauma Surgeon s Perspective Sean A. Nix, D.O. Motorcycle Safety A Trauma Surgeon s Perspective Sean A. Nix, D.O. Disclosure I have nothing to disclose No political or financial attachments I do take care of injured patients Motorcycle Safety Injury

More information

ANALYSIS OF MOTORCYCLE CRASHES IN MICHIGAN 2009-2013 CAROL A.C. FLANNAGAN PATRICK J. BOWMAN

ANALYSIS OF MOTORCYCLE CRASHES IN MICHIGAN 2009-2013 CAROL A.C. FLANNAGAN PATRICK J. BOWMAN UMTRI-2014-35 NOVEMBER 2014 ANALYSIS OF MOTORCYCLE CRASHES IN MICHIGAN 2009-2013 CAROL A.C. FLANNAGAN PATRICK J. BOWMAN Technical Report Documentation Page 1. Report No. UMTRI-2014-35 2. Government Accession

More information

Pattern of plain x-ray findings in bone injuries among motorcycle accident victims in Lagos, Nigeria

Pattern of plain x-ray findings in bone injuries among motorcycle accident victims in Lagos, Nigeria International Research Journal of Medicine and Medical Sciences Vol. 1(2), pp. 51-55, April 2013 Full Length Research Paper Pattern of plain x-ray findings in bone injuries among motorcycle accident victims

More information

Causes of Road Accidents in Pakistan

Causes of Road Accidents in Pakistan 22 J. Asian Dev. Stud, Vol. 1, Issue 1, (March 2012). ISSN 2304-375X Causes of Road Accidents in Pakistan By Abdul Manan Khan 1 and Ansa Tehreem 2 Abstract Every day many people are killed and injured

More information

Cycle safety. Monograph 17. Cycle safety: a national perspective. Cycle helmets

Cycle safety. Monograph 17. Cycle safety: a national perspective. Cycle helmets Monograph 17 Cycle safety ISSN: 1444-3503 ISBN: 1 877071 85 4 Cycle safety: a national perspective Cycling is an important form of transport and recreation for many Australians. It is accessible to a wide

More information

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material

the Ministry of Transport is attributed as the source of the material Disclaimer All reasonable endeavours are made to ensure the accuracy of the information in this report. However, the information is provided without warranties of any kind including accuracy, completeness,

More information

Traffic Safety Facts. Children. 2003 Data. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children from 2 to 14 years old.

Traffic Safety Facts. Children. 2003 Data. Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children from 2 to 14 years old. Traffic Safety Facts 2003 Data DOT HS 809 762 Children Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for children from 2 to 14 years old. In 2003, there were more than 60 million children under

More information

CYCLISTS INVOLVED IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

CYCLISTS INVOLVED IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA FACT SHEET CYCLISTS INVOLVED IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA August 2014 The following data represents police reported incidents of fatal, and minor casualties. Police data does not show the location

More information

An Article Critique - Helmet Use and Associated Spinal Fractures in Motorcycle Crash Victims. Ashley Roberts. University of Cincinnati

An Article Critique - Helmet Use and Associated Spinal Fractures in Motorcycle Crash Victims. Ashley Roberts. University of Cincinnati Epidemiology Article Critique 1 Running head: Epidemiology Article Critique An Article Critique - Helmet Use and Associated Spinal Fractures in Motorcycle Crash Victims Ashley Roberts University of Cincinnati

More information

Measuring road crash injury severity in Western Australia using ICISS methodology

Measuring road crash injury severity in Western Australia using ICISS methodology Measuring road crash injury severity in Western Australia using ICISS methodology A Chapman Data Analyst, Data Linkage Branch, Public Health Intelligence, Public Health Division, Department of Health,

More information

Originals and Papers

Originals and Papers Originals and Papers A comprehensive study of motorcycle fatalities in South Delhi C. Behera*, (Lt. Col.) Ravi Rautji **, Sanjeev Lalwani*** & T. D. Dogra **** Abstract Ninety four of motorcycle fatalities

More information

BULLETIN. Road Traffic Injuries. WA Childhood Injury Surveillance. No. 13 January 2008. Introduction Road Traffic Injuries

BULLETIN. Road Traffic Injuries. WA Childhood Injury Surveillance. No. 13 January 2008. Introduction Road Traffic Injuries WA Childhood Injury Surveillance BULLETIN Road Traffic Injuries No. 13 January 2008 Childhood Injury Presentations: October to December 2007 There were 13,607 presentations to Princess Margaret Hospital

More information

MOTORCYCLE CRASH: INJURIES PATTERN AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS TREATED AT MUHIMBILI ORTHOPAEDIC INSTITUTE (MOI).

MOTORCYCLE CRASH: INJURIES PATTERN AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS TREATED AT MUHIMBILI ORTHOPAEDIC INSTITUTE (MOI). MOTORCYCLE CRASH: INJURIES PATTERN AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG PATIENTS TREATED AT MUHIMBILI ORTHOPAEDIC INSTITUTE (MOI). Bryson Mcharo MD (Dar) A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the

More information

DOT HS 809 360 October 2001

DOT HS 809 360 October 2001 U.S. Department of Transportation National Highway Traffic Safety Administration DOT HS 809 360 October 2001 Technical Report This document is available to the public from the National Technical Information

More information

CAR OCCUPANTS ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN A STATE IN MALAYSIA

CAR OCCUPANTS ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN A STATE IN MALAYSIA CAR OCCUPANTS ACCIDENTS AND INJURIES AMONG ADOLESCENTS IN A STATE IN MALAYSIA Hejar ABDUL RAHMAN, Nor Afiah MOHD ZULKIFLI Senior Lecturer Lecturer Department of Community Health Department of Community

More information

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi

Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study. Chiara Orsi Accident configurations and injuries for bicyclists based on the German In-Depth Accident Study Chiara Orsi Centre of Study and Research on Road Safety University of Pavia State of the art Vulnerable road

More information

Motorcycle Safety & Laws. Stewart Milner Chief Judge, City of Arlington

Motorcycle Safety & Laws. Stewart Milner Chief Judge, City of Arlington Motorcycle Safety & Laws Stewart Milner Chief Judge, City of Arlington 1 1. Safety What percentage of Riders involved in fatal Motorcycle crashes are over 40 years old? A. 25% B. 10% C. 33% D. 47% 2 2.

More information

A study of morbidity and mortality profile of 500 road traffic accident cases in Malwa region of Punjab

A study of morbidity and mortality profile of 500 road traffic accident cases in Malwa region of Punjab Road traffic accident cases in Malwa region of Punjab Original Research Article ISSN: 2394-0026 (P) A study of morbidity and mortality profile of 500 road traffic accident cases in Malwa region of Punjab

More information

Youth and Road Crashes Magnitude, Characteristics and Trends

Youth and Road Crashes Magnitude, Characteristics and Trends Youth and Road Crashes Magnitude, Characteristics and Trends The The mission of the (TIRF) is to reduce traffic related deaths and injuries TIRF is a national, independent, charitable road safety institute.

More information

MISSOURI TRAFFIC SAFETY COMPENDIUM

MISSOURI TRAFFIC SAFETY COMPENDIUM 2010 MISSOURI TRAFFIC SAFETY COMPENDIUM MISSOURI STATE HIGHWAY PATROL STATISTICAL ANALYSIS CENTER 1510 East Elm Jefferson City, Missouri 65101 (573) 751-9000 CONTENTS PAGE EXECUTIVE SUMMARY INTRODUCTION...1

More information

Maryland s Motorcycle Crash Picture

Maryland s Motorcycle Crash Picture Maryland s Motorcycle Crash Picture Cindy Burch University of Maryland, Baltimore National Study Center for Trauma and EMS Maryland Center for Traffic Safety Analysis Challenges Motorcycle safety is not

More information

! # %&& # ( ) ( +, #.! /!!, # 01&

! # %&& # ( ) ( +, #.! /!!, # 01& ! # %&& # ( ) ( +, #.! /!!, # 01& 2 White Rose Research Online http://eprints.whiterose.ac.uk/ Institute of Transport Studies University of Leeds This is an ITS Working Paper produced and published by

More information

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013

Road Safety Authority Provisional Review of Road Crashes 2013 A review of 2013 fatal collision statistics December 31 st 2013 The following report summarises the main trends that have emerged in 2013. This has been prepared by the Road Safety Authority following

More information

Characteristics of Motorcycle Crashes in the U.S.

Characteristics of Motorcycle Crashes in the U.S. Characteristics of Motorcycle Crashes in the U.S. Jeya Padmanaban, M.S. JP Research Inc., USA. 7 West El Camino Real, Suite 2 Mountain View, CA, 944 jeya@jpresearch.com Vitaly Eyges, PhD., JP Research,

More information

Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One

Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One Community Motor Vehicle Collision Priority Setting Toolkit Part One Table of Contents Introduction! 3 How to use this resource! 3 The Issue of Injury! 4 General information! 4 Motor Vehicle Collisions!

More information

Developing and Using Costs in CODES data Using Diagnostic Codes and NHTSA s MVS

Developing and Using Costs in CODES data Using Diagnostic Codes and NHTSA s MVS Developing and Using Costs in CODES data Using Diagnostic Codes and NHTSA s MVS Wayne Bigelow, Wisconsin CODES Project Center for Health Systems Research and Analysis University of Wisconsin Madison Presented

More information

Key Words: motorcycle helmet; functional outcomes; speech deficit; locomotion deficit; feeding deficit; National Trauma Data Bank; trauma.

Key Words: motorcycle helmet; functional outcomes; speech deficit; locomotion deficit; feeding deficit; National Trauma Data Bank; trauma. Journal of Surgical Research 158, 1 5 (2010) doi:10.1016/j.jss.2009.06.034 ASSOCIATION FOR ACADEMIC SURGERY Motorcycle Helmets Save Lives, But Not Limbs: A National Trauma Data Bank Analysis of Functional

More information

Year Fatalities Injuries

Year Fatalities Injuries MOTORCYCLES, 2013 MAY 2014 ISSUE 14-C02 HIGHLIGHTS In 2013, the 113 Indiana fatal collisions involving motorcycles resulted in 118 fatalities. The 118 fatalities involved 81 motorcycle operators, 23 moped

More information

CHILDREN, YOUTH AND ROAD ENVIRONMENT: ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT

CHILDREN, YOUTH AND ROAD ENVIRONMENT: ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT CHILDREN, YOUTH AND ROAD ENVIRONMENT: ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT Mohamad Ghazali Masuri, Khairil Anuar Md Isa & Mohd Pozi Mohd Tahir Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Puncak Alam, Selangor,

More information

New Zealand all-age mandatory bicycle helmet law

New Zealand all-age mandatory bicycle helmet law New Zealand all-age mandatory bicycle helmet law A public health and safety disaster New Zealand is one of only three countries in the world with national all-age mandatory bicycle helmet laws, the others

More information

ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA

ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA Relative Risk FACT SHEET ALCOHOL AND DRUGS IN ROAD CRASHES IN SOUTH AUSTRALIA August 2014 Alcohol remains the most important drug in terms of its contribution to crash involvement. Alcohol impairs skill

More information

The effects of Michigan s weakened motorcycle helmet use law on insurance losses

The effects of Michigan s weakened motorcycle helmet use law on insurance losses Bulletin Vol. 30, No. 9 : April 2013 The effects of Michigan s weakened motorcycle helmet use law on insurance losses In April of 2012 the state of Michigan changed its motorcycle helmet law. The change

More information

Oxfordshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2030 Revised April 2012. Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel

Oxfordshire Local Transport Plan 2011-2030 Revised April 2012. Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel 6. Road Safety Objective 3 Reduce casualties and the dangers associated with travel Road safety continues to be a core priority both nationally and locally reflecting the very high human and other costs

More information

Bahrain Med Bull 2003;25(3):

Bahrain Med Bull 2003;25(3): Bahrain Medical Bulletin, Vol.25, No. 3, September 2003 Road Traffic Accidents in Bahrain Abdulaziz Y. Hamza, MBBCh, MCh, MD* Faisal Radhi Al-Mousawi, FRCS (Ed.), FRCS (Irel.)** Avis Husel-Pincock, MSc,

More information

Road Traffic Accidents Among Drivers in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates

Road Traffic Accidents Among Drivers in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Journal of Traffic and Logistics Engineering Vol. 2, No. 1, March 2014 Road Traffic Accidents Among Drivers in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates Abdulla Hammoudi, George Karani, and John Littlewood Cardiff

More information

Reported Road Casualties Great Britain: 2013 Annual Report

Reported Road Casualties Great Britain: 2013 Annual Report Reported Road Casualties Great Britain: 2013 Annual Report Focus on pedal cyclists Key findings The key findings from this article include: Pedal cyclist deaths have seen a long-term fall, but have fluctuated

More information

Miles to go: F ocusing on Risks for Teen Driver Crashes

Miles to go: F ocusing on Risks for Teen Driver Crashes A 2 0 1 3 N a t i o n a l T e e n D r i v e r S a f e t y R e p o r t T h i r d i n a S e r i e s Miles to go F o c u s i n g o n R i s k s f o r T e e n D r i v e r C r a s h e s Motor vehicle crashes

More information

SUMMARY PRELIMINARY CRITICAL INJURIES ON WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ROADS ORS 585-03-15 ISSN 2204-7875

SUMMARY PRELIMINARY CRITICAL INJURIES ON WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ROADS ORS 585-03-15 ISSN 2204-7875 204 SUMMARY PRELIMINARY FATAL AND CRITICAL INJURIES ON WESTERN AUSTRALIAN ROADS ORS 585-03-5 ISSN 2204-7875 2 Foreword There have been encouraging signs that Western Australians may be heeding life-saving

More information

BMX bicycles: accident comparison with other models

BMX bicycles: accident comparison with other models Archives of Emergency Medicine, 1985, 2, 209-213 BMX bicycles: accident comparison with other models J. WORRELL Senior Registrar, Accident and Emergency Department, Queen Alexandra Hospital, Portsmouth,

More information

V. Martínez Ruiz, E. Jiménez Mejías, C. Amezcua Prieto, J.D. Luna del Castillo, P. Lardelli Claret, J.J. Jiménez Moleón

V. Martínez Ruiz, E. Jiménez Mejías, C. Amezcua Prieto, J.D. Luna del Castillo, P. Lardelli Claret, J.J. Jiménez Moleón V. Martínez Ruiz, E. Jiménez Mejías, C. Amezcua Prieto, J.D. Luna del Castillo, P. Lardelli Claret, J.J. Jiménez Moleón Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health University of Granada No conflict

More information

Evaluation of motorcycle antilock braking systems, alone and in conjunction with combined control braking systems

Evaluation of motorcycle antilock braking systems, alone and in conjunction with combined control braking systems Bulletin Vol. 30, No. 10 : April 2013 Evaluation of motorcycle antilock braking systems, alone and in conjunction with combined control braking systems Previous studies have shown that antilock braking

More information

Traffic Collision Statistics Report

Traffic Collision Statistics Report Traffic Collision Statistics Report 2012 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Executive Summary 2012 Traffic Collision Statistics Report Executive Summary Motor vehicle collisions resulting in a fatality, injury or property

More information

Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2006 Session FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE

Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2006 Session FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE Department of Legislative Services Maryland General Assembly 2006 Session SB 163 FISCAL AND POLICY NOTE Senate Bill 163 Judicial Proceedings (Senator Hafer, et al.) Vehicle Laws - Protective Headgear Requirement

More information

Tennessee Motorcycle Helmet Law THOMAS O LYNNGER, M D

Tennessee Motorcycle Helmet Law THOMAS O LYNNGER, M D Tennessee Motorcycle Helmet Law THOMAS O LYNNGER, M D VANDERBILT UNIVERSITY M EDICAL CENTER Outline Legislation in Tennessee Helmet laws in the news Statistics Arguments against helmet laws Repealing universal

More information

NON-FATAL INJURIES SUSTAINED IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS : A PILOT STUDY IN PROVINCIAL HOSPITALS IN CHON BURI, THAILAND

NON-FATAL INJURIES SUSTAINED IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS : A PILOT STUDY IN PROVINCIAL HOSPITALS IN CHON BURI, THAILAND NON-FATAL TRAFFIC INJURY IN THAILAND NON-FATAL INJURIES SUSTAINED IN ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENTS : A PILOT STUDY IN PROVINCIAL HOSPITALS IN CHON BURI, THAILAND Sansnee Jirojwong 1, Koolarb Rudtanasudjatum 2,

More information

Main figures on Road Safety Data Spain 2013

Main figures on Road Safety Data Spain 2013 Main figures on Road Safety Data Spain 2013 Contents Preface.3 Road Safety Data 2013.4 Injuries related to traffic...10 Evolution of the road safety indicators.....12 Casualties.....14 Drivers...16 Fleet...17

More information

Magnitude of pedestrian head injuries & fatalities in Bangalore, south India: A retrospective study from an apex neurotrauma center

Magnitude of pedestrian head injuries & fatalities in Bangalore, south India: A retrospective study from an apex neurotrauma center Indian J Med Res 136, December 2012, pp 1039-1043 Magnitude of pedestrian head injuries & fatalities in Bangalore, south India: A retrospective study from an apex neurotrauma center Nupur Pruthi, Ashok

More information

Drugged Driving. What is Drugged Driving? How Many People Take Drugs and Drive?

Drugged Driving. What is Drugged Driving? How Many People Take Drugs and Drive? Drugged Driving What is Drugged Driving? "Have one [drink] for the road" was, until recently, a commonly used phrase in American culture. It has only been within the past 20 years that as a Nation, we

More information

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT CASES: A STUDY FROM SOUTH INDIA

EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT CASES: A STUDY FROM SOUTH INDIA EPIDEMIOLOGICAL STUDY OF ROAD TRAFFIC ACCIDENT CASES: A STUDY FROM SOUTH INDIA Abstract: Nilambar Jha, D.K. Srinivasa, Gautam Roy, S. Jagdish Deptt. of PSM and Surgery, Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate

More information

Mohammed Seid 1, Aklilu Azazh 2, Fikre Enquselassie 3 and Engida Yisma 4*

Mohammed Seid 1, Aklilu Azazh 2, Fikre Enquselassie 3 and Engida Yisma 4* Seid et al. BMC Emergency Medicine (2015) 15:10 DOI 10.1186/s12873-015-0035-4 RESEARCH ARTICLE Open Access Injury characteristics and outcome of road traffic accident among victims at Adult Emergency Department

More information

Traffic Safety Facts. Laws. Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws. Inside This Issue. Key Facts. April 2004

Traffic Safety Facts. Laws. Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws. Inside This Issue. Key Facts. April 2004 Traffic Safety Facts Laws April 2004 Motorcycle Helmet Use Laws Motorcycle helmets provide the best protection from head injury for motorcyclists involved in traffic crashes. The passage of helmet use

More information

The number of fatalities fell even further last year to below 6,000 for the first time in 54 years since 1953.

The number of fatalities fell even further last year to below 6,000 for the first time in 54 years since 1953. 1 Long-term trends The number of fatalities fell even further last year to below 6,000 for the first time in 54 years since 1953. Number of road traffic accidents, fatalities, and injuries Notes: 1. Source:

More information

CHAPTER 1 Land Transport

CHAPTER 1 Land Transport Section 1 Road Transport - PART I - Summary of the Present Situation 1 Road Traffic Accident Trends 1-1 Long-term trends fell to below 6,000 for the first time in 54 years since 1953 Number of road traffic

More information

Motorcycle crash fatalities have increased every year for the past 10 years.

Motorcycle crash fatalities have increased every year for the past 10 years. http://www.iii.org/media/hottopics/insurance/motorcycle/ Motorcycle Crashes THE TOPIC APRIL 2009 Motorcycle riding has become more popular in recent years, appealing to a new group of enthusiasts consisting

More information

Motor Vehicle Deaths Updated: August 2014

Motor Vehicle Deaths Updated: August 2014 Motor Vehicle Deaths Updated: Motor vehicle death rates rise rapidly during the teen years and remain very high into early adulthood. The rate for teens, however, has followed a downward trend for most

More information

Motor Vehicle Collisions in Eastern Ontario. Supplement to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Injury Report

Motor Vehicle Collisions in Eastern Ontario. Supplement to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Injury Report Motor Vehicle Collisions in Eastern Ontario Supplement to the Eastern Ontario Health Unit Injury Report September 8, 2009 For more information: Eastern Ontario Health Unit www.eohu.ca Bureau de santé de

More information

Transportation Related Injury Data on the Web: What s Out There and How to Use It

Transportation Related Injury Data on the Web: What s Out There and How to Use It Transportation Related Injury Data on the Web: What s Out There and How to Use It Cindy Mervis ~ Maine Transportation Safety Coalition Meeting ~ Sept 11, 2014 OUTLINE Online data resources General population

More information

Traffic Safety Facts 2008 Data

Traffic Safety Facts 2008 Data Traffic Safety Facts 2008 Data Bicyclists and Other Cyclists DOT HS 811 156 Bicyclists and other cyclists include riders of two-wheel nonmotorized vehicles, tricycles, and unicycles powered solely by pedals.

More information

Transport accident fatalities: Australia compared with other OECD countries, 1980-1999 Cross-modal safety comparisons

Transport accident fatalities: Australia compared with other OECD countries, 1980-1999 Cross-modal safety comparisons MORTALITY AND MORBIDITY IN AUSTRALIA DUE TO TRANSPORT ACCIDENTS (a report produced and published by the Australian Transport Safety Bureau, Canberra, 2004) INTRODUCTION The purpose of this publication

More information

Pedal Cycle Injuries to Children Aged 0-17 Years Miami-Dade County 2008-2012

Pedal Cycle Injuries to Children Aged 0-17 Years Miami-Dade County 2008-2012 Pedal Cycle Injuries to Children Aged 0-17 Years Miami-Dade County 2008-2012 Injuries from riding pedal cycles were the eighth leading cause of medically-treated injury to Miami-Dade County children aged

More information

East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan

East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan East Ayrshire Council Road Safety Plan Foreword Road crashes are not inevitable - the deaths and injuries which occur each year need not happen. However, in order to reduce these incidents a major effort

More information

Assessment of Public Enlightenment Programme on Crash Helmet Usage among Motorcyclists in Akure Metropolis, Nigeria

Assessment of Public Enlightenment Programme on Crash Helmet Usage among Motorcyclists in Akure Metropolis, Nigeria , Vol.18 No.I (2014) BritishJournal Publishing, Inc. 2014 http://www.bjournal.co.uk/bjass.aspx Assessment of Public Enlightenment Programme on Crash Helmet Usage among Motorcyclists in Akure Metropolis,

More information

BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES

BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES Injury Prevention Plan of Alabama 3 BICYCLE-RELATED INJURIES THE PROBLEM: An estimated 140,000 children are treated each year in emergency departments for head injuries sustained

More information

THE IMPACT OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS IN TANZANIA: A CASE STUDY OF MOROGORO MUNICIPALITY

THE IMPACT OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS IN TANZANIA: A CASE STUDY OF MOROGORO MUNICIPALITY THE IMPACT OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS IN TANZANIA: A CASE STUDY OF MOROGORO MUNICIPALITY THE IMPACT OF MOTORCYCLE ACCIDENTS IN TANZANIA: A CASE STUDY OF MOROGORO MUNICIPALITY By Erasmi G. Mnzava A Dissertation

More information

Statement before the Maryland House Environmental Matters Committee. Motorcycle Helmet Laws. Michael Fagin

Statement before the Maryland House Environmental Matters Committee. Motorcycle Helmet Laws. Michael Fagin Statement before the Maryland House Environmental Matters Committee Motorcycle Helmet Laws Michael Fagin The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety is a nonprofit research and communications organization

More information

Car occupants intoxication and non-use of safety belts

Car occupants intoxication and non-use of safety belts TØI report 499/2000 Authors: Fridulv Sagberg, Terje Assum Oslo 2000, 63 pages Norwegian language Summary: In-depth road accident investigations Aggregated results from 96 fatal accidents in Mälardalen,

More information

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA. Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd.

PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA. Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd. PEDESTRIAN AND BICYCLE ACCIDENT DATA Irene Isaksson-Hellman If Insurance Company P&C Ltd. Vulnerable road users 2 Number Number Official accident statistics 45 35 4 3 35 25 3 25 2 2 15 15 1 1 5 5 5 4 5

More information

ALCOHOL, 2013 HIGHLIGHTS

ALCOHOL, 2013 HIGHLIGHTS ALCOHOL, 2013 JUNE 2014 ISSUE 14-C08 HIGHLIGHTS During 2013, there were 114 fatal alcohol-impaired collisions in the state (16 percent of all fatal collisions). Alcohol-impaired fatal collisions decreased

More information

SENATE STAFF ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT

SENATE STAFF ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT SENATE STAFF ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT (This document is based only on the provisions contained in the legislation as of the latest date listed below.) BILL: CS/SB 958 SPONSOR: SUBJECT: Banking

More information

TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS. Bicyclists and Other Cyclists. 2009 Data

TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS. Bicyclists and Other Cyclists. 2009 Data TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2009 Data Bicyclists and Other Cyclists For the purpose of this Traffic Safety Fact Sheet, bicyclists and other cyclists include riders of two-wheel nonmotorized vehicles, tricycles,

More information

DOT HS 812 018 April 2014

DOT HS 812 018 April 2014 TRAFFIC SAFETY FACTS 2012 Data DOT HS 812 018 April 2014 Bicyclists and Other Cyclists In 2012, 726 pedalcyclists were killed and an additional 49,000 were injured in motor vehicle traffic crashes. Pedalcyclist

More information

Reaching Motorcyclists Through Innovative Techniques: California

Reaching Motorcyclists Through Innovative Techniques: California Reaching Motorcyclists Through Innovative Techniques: California Problem Identification California Motorcyclist Fatalities 600 500 432 469 506 518 560 400 383 300 200 235 204 236 276 299 324 100 0 1997

More information

Reported road accidents involving young car drivers: Great Britain 2011

Reported road accidents involving young car drivers: Great Britain 2011 Reported road accidents involving young car drivers: Great Britain 211 Road Accident Statistics Factsheet No. 1 August 212 Introduction This factsheet presents summary information relating to the casualties

More information

Large increases in motorcycle-related head injury deaths, hospitalizations, and hospital

Large increases in motorcycle-related head injury deaths, hospitalizations, and hospital Large increases in motorcycle-related head injury deaths, hospitalizations, and hospital charges following the repeal of Pennsylvania s mandatory motorcycle helmet law Word count abstract: 80 Word count

More information

2. Road Traffic Accident Conditions During 2009

2. Road Traffic Accident Conditions During 2009 2. Road Traffic Accident Conditions During 2009 In recent years, the factors behind the drop in the number of fatalities is basically a result of comprehensive promotion of countermeasures based on the

More information

The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period

The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period The characteristics of fatal road accidents during the end of year festive period 1994-2003 March 2004 Traffic Management and Road Safety Unit Ministry of Public Infrastructure, Land Transport and Shipping

More information

Estimated Medical Cost Savings in New Hampshire by Implementation Of a Primary Seat Belt Law

Estimated Medical Cost Savings in New Hampshire by Implementation Of a Primary Seat Belt Law DOT HS 810 934 March 2008 Final Report Estimated Medical Cost Savings in New Hampshire by Implementation Of a Primary Seat Belt Law This document is available to the public from the National Technical

More information

ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006. Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes

ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006. Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006 Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes ATSB ROAD SAFETY REPORT July 2006 Deaths of cyclists due to road crashes Published by: Australian Transport Safety Bureau Postal

More information

SENATE STAFF ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT. This bill substantially amends the following section of the Florida Statutes: 316.211.

SENATE STAFF ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT. This bill substantially amends the following section of the Florida Statutes: 316.211. SENATE STAFF ANALYSIS AND ECONOMIC IMPACT STATEMENT (This document is based only on the provisions contained in the legislation as of the latest date listed below.) BILL: SB 126 SPONSOR: SUBJECT: Senator

More information