6 Lib..arv of Consress. -.- I NWWBE~: a Struetura El Prlvale 0 In Procssa Q Unoceup~sd a Rastrietmd. 1 Hist -c -

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1 /-' Form -3 UN :ED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE FlTERlOR [July W9) NATONAL PARK SERVCE Arkansas NATONAL REGSTER OF Hl5fORC PLACES HYENTO~NOMHATON FORM COWNf Y. -, -* _ Pulaski (Type all enlrtes - complete appficable sections) ~:.NAME,? <, r dlpl r COMMON AND~oR HSTOACz -', '. FOR N PS WNLY ENTRY NUMBER OhfE < -. ' << << *< <. >> ' ' '? Te~ry Mansion Pike-Fletcl~er-Terry Home STREET AMC HUMBER: 4 East 7th Street CTY OA TOWH Little Rock ST* TE DFnlri Sirs CATEGORY (Check One) Arkansas ' O r i, OWNERSHP, ; > < 5 < t L -. > >.<~<><,,?, < '. <<,>,,, Pulaski '.,, CODE 9 ACCESSlBLE TATUS TO THE PUBLC Bulldlng Publl~ Publlc ktqul st tion- Occvpid Yen: a Struetura El Prlvale n Procssa Q Unoceup~sd a Rastrietmd Obiect a Borh &sing Considered Q Pmr.rumlion work Vnrestrlctsd PRESENT USE (Check Om or More 8s Appmpr!sleJ in pragrssr L.. Apticwllural 'J Government Pork a Tranrpor~atim Commsnfr Commarciol CJ ndustrial a Prlvots Rmsldancs a mhsr (spncilul Educationml Militer). Rslfvlwr Entsrrnirrmsnr Museum Sclsntlllc w W V STREET AN NUMBER! t STREET AHD NYw. CTfY OR TOWN: - City of Little Rock,. CTY OR TOWN: SfAEt COOE Little Rock Arkansas 65,'< Ls.> L oc Elofr~Fi'$6kkC~Xc~K >*,, $L> < ' ' < ' A \ ,., County Court House -- lerock Arkansas.>.. 5:. ~COURTHDUSE REGtrTWV OF CEEOS. ETC:,> P 4!? Hist -c - -.-* xican Buildings Survey - SURVEY:,-4i fsdsrs~ Stars a county RECORDS: 4 6 Lib..arv of Consress. -.- NWWBE~:. 'Xlstrrict c Columbia

2 peri (ChscA One or More a* Approprl.~) - -. 'SPEC4 C C OAT Fta-Cmlrrmbdon 6th C.ntury Sfh Contwy Mlh CemhRy 5th Csntury 7th Cantwry [X 9th Century fl Applcsbla ond Rno~nJ AREAS OF S# GN C e AHec Whack Om* sr More ma Apmpdarr) Abm lgtnal Education Politital Urbon Planning Prwhlmtm6e a Enqlnaerlnq W Rsligion/Pht- Othmr T-lCrJ (J Him~orle [3 fwdwtry AericuFhrrr 3 mwentj~n [3 Scimcr Acchit.etm Lendreopm SCUptvrr h* Stwiml/Hwmcmcoa-- Lltwrahm ftaien C~rsl~zcoti~ a Hilitmy l-,b Theater 5 Cmmmaliem Music Q tmnrpmlorion Perhaps no other single structure in the State of Arkansas can command such widespread interest as the Terry Mansion. The occupants of this house have included Albert Pike, philosopher, scholar, scrl&ler, and poet; Captain John Fletcher, banker and politician; John Gould Fletcher, Pulitzer Prize winning poel; and David Terry, U. S. Congressman. This stately home was built in 84 by A! 3ert Pike, Arkansasq most colorful citizen, at a cost of 37,. Albert Pike was a man of absolutely unflaqging energy and of universal interests and accomplishments. He was a successful lawyer, poet, politician, p..illosopher, and oriental scholar, but only a mediocre soldier. Pike, who was born December 29, 89, in Newburyport, Massachusetts, and educated in the schools of that state, entered Harvard University in 824. Because of financial difficulties, he was forced to leave Harvard;,and after teaching at several schools in Massachusetts, he headed west, Albert Pike arrived in Fort Smith, on the '>;rder of the ndian Territory, in 832. t may have aeen during this time that he became familiar with the ndian nations and decided to do something about their plight. After teaching school in Crawford and Pope Counties, Pike.gas brought to Little Rock in 834 by Robert Crittqnden :hen Secretary of the- Arkansas..Territory, to assist n :-.#.+ editing of the Arkansas Advocate. pike 2ventuaLi; >ought khe paper as a business investment, but the venture was unsuccessful. Pike was married in October, 834, at Little Rock to Mary Ann Hamilkon, daughter of an early settler of Arkansas Post. She 'ater becamp difficult to Live with because of?r unzontr. llable temper. {continued)

3 {July 969 UNTED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE NTEROR NATONAL PARK SERVCE NATONAL REGSTER OF HSTORC PLACES NVENTORY - NOMNATON FORM Pulaski FOR PPS USE nrrly 4 (Numbor all smtrleu) : 8. Significance Pike was admitted to the Arkansas bar in 835 and over the next few years practiced law state-wide. t was during this period that he built his Little Rock home. Tn 846 Re was admitted to the bar of the United States Supreme Court at the same time as Abraham Lincoln and Hannibal HamLin, At the outbreak of the Mexican War, he raised a company of cavalry for service in the regiment of volunteers commanded by Arkansas Governor Archibald Yell. Pike had apparently been impressed by the injustice done to the American ndians 5y the federal authorities. He acted as the attorney for the Choctaws against the United States for compensation for lands which had been ceded to them in a series of treaties extending from , but from which they had been removed. n March 859 the Senate eventually awarded the Choctaws almost $3,,6 as a result of Pike" efforts, but the compensation was never paid, Although a friend to the ndians, he was no friend to the Catholics and in the S5Fs became a leader of the Know-Nothing Crusade against Catholicism as a result of his growing involvement with Masonry. At this same time (2853 to 38573, Pike practiced law in New Orleans, after having learned the fundamentals of Roman and French law on his ohm. Later he was to translate "The Pandects of Justinian," the compilation of Roman law under that emperor. With the outbreak of hostilities in 86, Pike devoted himself to the Confederate cause, t was he who penned the patriotic words to "Dixie," the song that became a Confederate rallying cry. He was commissioned Brigadier General by the Southern Government; and he led a brigade of Cherokee cavalry at the battle of Pea Ridge, Arkansas. He senred as the Confederate envoy to the five civilized tribes achieving great success in this area. AL the civilized tribes allied themselves with the Confederacy. For a shork time during the war, Pike senred on the Supreme Court of the State of Arkansas. After the war, Pike's associations with the house he built cane to an end. The home had tragic memories for him. His daughter sadore had committed suicide; a son, GPO 9.82

4 Fom O-mh UNTED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE NTEROR S ~ A T E (July T69 NATONAL PARK SERVCE Arkansas (Wwrbsr ali snirlsa) NATONAL REGSTER OF HlSTORlC PLACES NYEWTORY - NOMNATON FlORM (Cmtinuation Sheer) caun" Pulaski FOR NPS USE ONLY EFlTnY NUMBER Significance Walter, had been killed in the war; and Albert, his youngest, was drowned while swimming in the Arkansas River. These tragedies also affected Mrs. Pike, who came to be labeled f"ueertt by the citizens of Little Rock. leaving his wife, Pike left LLtkle Rack far Memphis and late in 868 to Washington, D. C. where he was thereafter to make his home. p:ost of the rest of his life was spent in lecturing, practicing law, and pursuing scholarly and philosophical interests, particularly Masonry oriental philosophy. During his residence in Washington, Pike translated the Riq Veda of the Hindus and the Zend Avesta of the Persians. As a literary figure, Pike is considered an impartant amtebellum southern - - aoet. althouah not a areat one. His first literary work,'~ro;e ~ketcges and poems Written in the Western Country, was published at Boston in 834. These poems seem to have been greatly influenced by and imitative bf Byron, Shelley and biokdsworth, n 838, nine of Pikeqs poems, 'Hymns to the Gods, " were publi shed by Blackwood ' s Masazine, a leading English literary journal. General Pike ' s poems are currently represented in most anthologies of southern poetry, and he is-cited in Cambridqe is tor^ of American Literature and the Oxford Companion to American Literature. General Pike died in Washington in 89, At the time of h is death, he was reputed to be the greatest Scottish Rite Mason in the Western Hemisphere, if not the greatest in the world. Sometime after 87 Mrs. Pike was pursuaded to move into more humble quarters, and the house was sold. n 874, it became the Arkansas Female College with General Levin Lewis as its President; and although never a financial success, it became quite a fashionable school for the young ladies of the area. n 889 the college closed; and the home was purchased by CaptaTn John Fletcher, a prominent citizen of L ittle Rock, to house h is growing family. Captain John G. Fletcher was a nember of that clan of Fletchers who from the early colonial period had helped GPO 5.82

5 f 7 NATONAL, FOR ',!! Form -3~ (July 969) (Number all snfrlee,l UNTED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE NTEROR Jcu sr=r 5T*KE PARK SERVCE Arkansas asaq NATONAL REGSTER OF HlfTORlC PLACES HYENTORY - NOMNATON FORPA (Con tin uation Sheet) Pulaski, NPS USE ONLY El4 Tt Y MUMSER 8. Significance l settle the new Lands from Virginia to Arkansas, and who contributed to Arkansas planters, politicians, businessmen, and even the current Roman Catholic Bishop of Little Rock. Captain Fletcher was the grandson of John Gould Fletcher who settled in Randolph County, Arkansas, before 985 and who was a Revolutionary War veteran haling from eastern Tennessee. Henry L. Fletcher, a son of John Gould, moved to Saline County with his fzmily about 825. HLs son, Captain John Gould Fletcher, was the third owner of the house. Captain Fletcher came to PuLaski County and Little Rock sometime between 825 and 86, At the outbreak of the war, Fletcher was a member of the Capitol Guards of the State Militia. When this regiment was reorganized, Fletcher was enrolled in Company A, 6th Arkansas nfantry, C, S. A,, and rose to the rznk of Captain after Shiloh. t was during the war that Fletcher and Peter Hotze, an Austrlan immigrant, agreed to form the business partnership which made them both wealthy. After the war the two men began a general merchandise store in Little Rock. They were so successful that they eventually dropped the retail trade and dealt only in cotton. Peter Hotze had his office in Net*: York while Fletcher supervised company operations in Little Rock. n 878 Fletcher married Miss Adolphine Krause, sisterin-law of Hotze. From this union were born John Gould Fletcher, the famous imagist poet, and plrs. David D. Terry, present occupant of the house. Captain Fletcher also served as president of the German National Bank, one of the cityf s leading finmcial institutions. ipb%en he purchased the house in 889, Captain Fletcher had already served three terms as Nayor of LiktLe Rock and one term as Sheriff of Pulaski County. n 3 he ran unsuccessfully for governor on a 'ttrust-bustinglt platform. He died in 97. John auld Fletcher was only three years old when the Captain purchased the Old Pike Home. John Gould experienced a somewhat sheltered childhood (he wasn" allowed out on the street alone until he was ten years old). He was at first privately ti~tored, then enrolled in the private schools of Little Rock until he entered the public high school. WAT E GPO BOt.82

6 i A $ UNTED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE NTEROR (July 9bP) NATONAL PARK SERVCE /' 4 NATONAL REGSTER OF HSTORC PLACES ri NVENTORY - NOMNATON FORM (Cmtinuation Sheet) 8. Significance Captain Fletcher had determined that his son should attend Earvard University, and with that in mind John Gould was enrolled in Phillips Andover Aeadeny in Massachusetts for a year to prepare himself. John Gould entered Hmwd in 94, and it was there he became encouraged to write verse. He hzd been deeply impressed by vistts he made to the Boston Museum of Fine Arts while he was at Andover and by the symphonies he was able to attend, Fe was something of a recluse and spent much of his time alone wtth nature away from the bustle of the college. When he was 9, the sunner after his freshman year, and through the encouragement of friends, he wrote his first poems, Because of financial difficulties and a growing dissatisfaction with the academics of the University, John GouLd left for Europe in the summer -98. He was 22 years old, He would be an accomplished and recognized poet when he returned to the Uniked States permanently. t was Europe which first recoqnized the genius of the young poet. He was a close friend of kwo giants of his day - Ezra Pound, the founder of magism, and Amy Lowell, one of the chief exponents of the magist movement in the Unf ted States. magist poetry, of which Fletcher's verse is a significant part, utilizes coman language, and attempts to create new rhythms and clear, concise images whi.e maintaining complete freedom 5 subject matter. Thus, it is a revolt against the romantic conceptions of poetry and breaks sway from classical verse forms. The simplest, most commonplace things are fit subjects for poetry for the magists. They wrote in the same vein as Whitman, but they maintained a quiet intensity rather than his awesome power. Fletcher's greatest pcetic achievements were in his poetic He attempted to reproduce in this verse the texture, mood, rhythm, and total effect of symphonic music. Rober-t Penn Warren, writing in the May 932 issue of Poetry said of Fletcher, "His work would be important, if for no other reason, on account of the extension of

7 Farm -3 UNTED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE NTERlOR (July 7969) NATONAL PARK SERVCE Y - NATPNAL REGSTER OF HlSfORlC PLACES NVENTORY - NOMHATON FOAM : Y i (Conrinuation Sheet) STATE Arkansas COUNTY Pulaski FOR PPS USE ONLY ENTRY NUMBER! i 8. Significance rhythmical possibilities or the language and the peculiar care bestowed upon the richness and variety of verse texture...in his 'highly- orchestrated and colored wordsf Fletcher had exploited surprise and resolution in a fashion not dissimilar to the verse of Wsh Wednesday. '.,. and Fletcher was the first, or one of the first to develop a type of imagery which Edith Sitwell has since erected into something like an oblique technique of vision." Between 95 and 947 Fletcher produced a significant amount of poetry and prose. These included three-histories, his autobiography, ~ i f e ~ Sonq, s ~ l and ~ ten volumes of poetry including Goblins and Paqodas (96), The Black Rock (927) and his Pulitzer Prize winner. Selected Poems ( n addition, Fletcher was a conthutor to the imaqist literary j magazine' Poetry - A Magazine of Verse along with Pound, Lot~ell, H. D, and D. H. Lawrence. - Fletcher retuned to the United States for two years in 94, but he returned to England in 96 and married Florence Arbuthnot of London. After several attempts to return to the United States, he did so in 933. At this time he became a leader of the Agrarizn Movement, of which John Crow Ransom, Allen Tate, and Robert Penn Warren were other leading figures. This group advocated the South's return to the land and an agricultural economy. t resisted industrial% zation and advocated the re-establishment of self-contained and self-sufficient centers of population and culture. n 936 he rnarrted CharlLe May Simon and settled, more or less permanently, in Arkansas on an estate west of Little Rock. The rest of his life was spent writing, lecturing, and traveling, After some months of illness, John Could Fletcher drowned in a stock pond near his home, an apparent suicide. The Pike Mansion had a lasting impression on the poet and his work. n Life s Ky Sonq he states, 'The influence of the house, in its magnificence and decay, the qualities o f mind and heart that Lnherited from my parents, and my own

8 7 J _/.- Form -WOs UNTED STATES DEPARTMENT OF THE N TERlOll (July 969) NATONAL PARK SERVCE NATONAL REGSTER OF HSTORC PLACES NVENTORY - NOM MAT Ot. FORM STATE Arkansas ' FOR NPS USE ONLY,--- EC TRY NUMBER SATE 8. Significance education all urged me to become a poet. Had not been predisposed by my mother to contemplate life aesthetically rather than take active part in the games played by the boys of the neighborhood; had not been provided from an early period with an endless subject for romantic meditation in the aspect and appearance of the old house, so rich in memories of the past, and equipped besides with an actual authentic ghost... my story might have been different,'l Adolphene Fletcher, daughter of Captain Fletcher and present occupant of the house, was married there in 9 to David D. Terry, a young Little Rock attorney. The family made their home in the old house for 53 years. Mrs. Terry gave the house to the City of Little Rock in 965, to be assumed by them after her death. David Terry was a prominent citizen of Little Rock. He had been admitted to the Arkansas Bar in 93 ; and after years of successful practice, he served as United States Congressman for four terms. n 935 he was the sponsor of the first legislation providing for direct federal aid to the public schools, After an unsuccessful bid for the United States Senate he was appointed by President Roosevelt to be director of the Flood Control River and Development Commission for Arkansas. He was also concerned with local affairs, and he served on the Little Rock School board and as president of the Little Rock Boys' Club, He died in 963. The ald home is an outstanding example of Greek Revival architecture. t has been the home of one of America's most colorful figures, a poet-scholar-soldier of national reputation, Albert Pike. t was also the home of a poet of international reputation, John Gould Fletcher, besides bei nq the residence of two men prominent in Arkansas. Thus, the house has a unique historical and cultural significance worthy of notice.

9 L ~! 9, MAJOR 88LlOGRAPHCAt REFERENCES,. L Ainerieah Guide Series. Arkansas - i? Guide to the State. New York: Hastings House, 94. ~'rkansas Democrat, March 2, 926; January 5, 96. > Pu* Arkansas Gazette, July 3, 98; October 3, 963; October 4, 9964; May 2, 965. Brown, Robert J. Romance of the City of Roses. Little Rock: Mitchell and Bettis Company, 886., G~OGRAPHCAL DATA -A -! LATTUDE AN LOHUTUOE COORDNATE9! - LATTUDE AND LONGlTUWE COWRDlMLTES DEFHlWt A RECTANGLE LOCaTNG THE PROPERTY CORNER NW N E 3 E 5w LAT ltuoe Dagrsss Minuter Seconds a LONG TUOE Dogreus Minutes Seconds APPROXMATE ACREACE OF HOMNATED PRQPERTY: - lllst LLL STTES AN COUNT(E5 FOR PROPERTES OVERLAPPLWG STATE OR CaUNTr BOUNDAR~E~ " R DEFWWG THE PolNT OF A OF LESS THAN TFN ACRES LATTUDE Degrees Minuler Sacends 34" 44' 29'h v LOMGLTYDE - Degrees Minuter Secandr 92" 5' 56kt S ATE; COOS COUNTY CODE COUNTY: CODE STATE: CODE F. STAt E: FORM PREPARED BY, NAME AND TTLE: CODE COUNTY: --. &+ STREET ANDNWMBER' Preservation Proqram ClPY OR TOWN: Little Rock STATE 2.. STATEL~A~SONOF~CERCERTFCA~ON,~, NAT~AL REGSTER VER FC.ATQN' il As the designated State Llaison~Officer for the Ne- hereby ccrlify that this property is included in the Zional Historic Preservation Act or 9FG (Public.aw 8.665). hereby nominate this pro pert)^ for inclusion Plationa' Rcgi.ter' in the N~tionel Rezister and certify that it has been er-aluetcd according to!lie criteria nnd procccbses net forth by b Nationa Perk Service. The recommended cvel of signi!icance of this nomination is: h'atioiral Stmlc Local C Nalne Chref, Office of Arc!reology and Hlxtoric Preservatron Date ATTEST: Tltte Keeper of The btaciiwra Regisrer, Date Late

10 NATONAL REGSTER OF HtSTORlC PLACE 5 NVENTORY - NOMHATEOH FORM lcou~" Pulaski FOR HPS USE ONLY 9. Ma joc Bibliographical References Brovm, Walter L. "Albert Pike: " Unpublished Ph. D. Dissertation, University of. Texas, Austin, 955. Brown, Walter L, "Albert Pike % First Experiences in Arkansas," Arkansas Historical 4uacterly, X, No. (Spring, 95), pp CurLey, Dorothy N., Maurice Kramer, and Elaine Kramer (edsl. Library of Literary Criticism, VoL.. New York : Frederick Unger Publishing Company, 97. Duncan, Robert L, Reluctant General, New York: E, P. Dutton and Company, 96.. Fletcher, John C-uld, Arkansas. Chapel Hill: University of r4rth Carolina Press, 947. Fletcher, John Gould. Life s My Sonq, New York, Toronto : Farron and 23inehart, ncorporated, - Hallurn, John. Bioqraphical and Pic torial History of Arkansas. Albany: Weed, Parsons and Company, 887. Hart, Robert D. Oxford Companion to American Literature th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 965. Jones, Alexander E. "The 'Plagiarismf of Albert Pike." Arkansas Historical Quarterly, X, No. (Spring, 3.954, pp Shinn, Josiah H. Pioneers and Makers of Arkansas. Genealogical and Historical Publishing Company, 98.

11 -,a />-' / 'ATY../ -. Y Y.,VV.. U V. Y. ARKANSAS \.. 2%.5 M N U T E SERES (TOPOGR HE44 ALEXAHDER S ' OVADAANGLL

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