Big Data and Analytics for National Security. Sean Fahey, JHU/APL

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1 Big Data and Analytics for National Security Sean Fahey, JHU/APL

2 Ques%ons for the Talk What big data challenges are being faced in the na%onal security environment? How are federal government agencies using big data approaches for na%onal security challenges? What is unique/different about big data in the na%onal security seang? What solu%ons are currently being sought by the government to address na%onal security challenges with big data?

3 US Na%onal Security Strategy Our Interests Security Prosperity Values Interna%onal Order Our Approach Defense Diplomacy Economic Development Homeland Security Intelligence Communica%ons People

4 Major Na%onal Security Missions Conven%onal Military Defense Counter Nuclear Prolifera%on Counter Chemical/Biological WMD Counter Terrorism Cybersecurity Counter Intelligence Counter Narco%cs

5 (Some)Na%onal Security Organiza%ons Department of Defense Defense Intelligence Agency Defense NORTHCOM Director of Na%onal Intelligence Intelligence Homeland Security Department of Homeland Security Federal Bureau of Inves%ga%on

6 Defense Posi%ons and Tasks Intelligence (J- 2) Planning (J- 5) Opera5ons (J- 3) Requirements Planning Collec%on Processing Exploita%on Dissemina%on Archiving and retrieval Mission Analysis Course of Ac%on (COA) Development COA Analysis and Wargaming COA Comparison COA Approval Plan Development Shape Deter Seize Ini%a%ve Dominate Stabilize Enable Civil Authority

7 Intelligence Cycle The process of developing unrefined data into polished intelligence for the use of policymakers. The intelligence cycle consists of six steps, described below.

8 Source: DoD JP 2-0

9 Intelligence Disciplines SIGINT Signals intelligence IMINT Image Intelligence MASINT Measurement and Signature Intelligence OSINT Open Source Intelligence HUMINT Human Intelligence GEOINT Geospa%al Intelligence Source: h`p://www.dni.gov

10 Aerial Reconnaissance: WWII Collec%on Processing and Exploita%on Analysis and Produc%on Dissemina%on

11 Aerial Reconnaissance: ~2012 Collec%on Processing and Exploita%on Analysis and Produc%on Dissemina%on infrared sensor color/monochrome daylight TV camera, image- intensified TV camera, laser designator laser illuminator The full mo%on video from each of the imaging sensors can be viewed as separate video streams or fused together. Aerial reconnaissance teams are in direct communica%on with supported units

12 Aerial Reconnaissance: ~2015 Collec%on Processing and Exploita%on Analysis and Produc%on Dissemina%on

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14 Na%onal Security Big Data Challenges Mari%me Security Cyber Security Money Laundering Mul%- INT Analysis Space Situa%onal Awareness

15 CIA CTO Perspec%ve on Big Data Source: h`p://www.slideshare.net/brianahier/perspec%ves- on- big- data- mission- and- needs- gus- hunt- cia- cto

16 US Government Big Data Strategy White House has acknowledged the importance of Big Data for mul%ple disciplines

17 Big Data Ini5a5ve for Research and Development Ini%a%ve Goals Advance state- of- the- art core technologies needed to collect, store, preserve, manage, analyze, and share huge quan%%es of data. Harness these technologies to accelerate the pace of discovery in science and engineering, strengthen our na%onal security, and transform teaching and learning; and Expand the workforce needed to develop and use Big Data technologies.

18 Data to Decisions Ini5a5ve Challenge The prolifera%on of sensors and large data sets are overwhelming analysts, as they lack the tools to efficiently process, store, analyze, and retrieve vast amounts of data. Goal - Develop an open- source architecture system that enables rapid integra%on of exis%ng and future data exploita%on tools to achieve a new paradigm in the management and analysis of data. Source: h`p://www.acq.osd.mil/chiehechnologist/areas/dtd.html

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23 Challenges for Na%onal Security Big Data Government Budget Process Government Acquisi%on Process Siloed and Proprietary Systems Data Balkaniza%on and Compartmentaliza%on Government Privacy Obliga%ons and Data Mining Restric%ons Personnel System Lag Austere Deployment Environments

24 Government Budget Process Federal Government agencies have to commit to specific spending programs roughly 18 months before they begin spending FY2012 FY2013 FY2014 Oct Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr Jul Oct Jan Apr Jul Agency develops investment plans President submits budget to Congress Agencies have funds available to spend Agency sends budget request to OMB OMB revises budget with agency Congress debates budget and passes appropria%ons bills President signs budget

25 Government Acquisi%on Process Version June 2010 Planning, Programming, Budgeting & Execution Process Joint Capabilities Integration & Development System Defense Acquisition System VCJCS Oversight CJCSI series USD(AT&L) Oversight DoDD Integrated Defense Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics Life Cycle Management System DoD Decision Support Systems Effective Interaction is Essential DEPSECDEF Oversight DoD R Materiel Solution Analysis Phase MS A MDD Strategic Guidance Joint Capabilities Integration & Development System Technology Development Phase Complete Analysis of Alternatives to assess potential materiel solutions to capability need, identify key technologies and estimate life cycle costs. Consider commercial-off-the-shelf and solutions from both large and small business. Identify materiel solution to capability need. Complete Technology Development Strategy. Decision Points/Milestones This chart is a classroom aid for Defense Acquisition University students. It provides a notional illustration of interfaces among three major decision support systems used to develop, produce and field a weapon system for national defense. Defense acquisition is a complex process with many more activities than shown here and many concurrent activities that cannot be displayed on a two-dimensional chart. Supporting information is on back of this chart. For more information, see the Defense Acquisition Portal (http://dap.dau.mil). Following the Materiel Development Decision, the Milestone Decision Authority may authorize entry into the acquisition process at any point, consistent with phase-specific entrance criteria and statutory requirements Joint Operations Concepts Concept of Operations Operations Plans Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System - Acronyms Capabilities-Based Assessment Joint Operations Concepts Concept of Operations Technology Development Strategy AoA Report DoD Enterprise Architecture & Solution Architecture Technical Standards Profile ICD JROC/ Component Validation and Approval Compliant Solution Architectures s Traceable To ICD & JP 3-0 Net Centric Data & Services Strategy System Training Threshold/objective tradeoffs Revised Performance Attributes Information Support Plan J-1 Joint manpower. J-2 Intelligence/threat. J-3 Operational suitability, sufficiency, & supportability. J-4 Facilities, sustainment, & energy efficiency. J-5 Alignment with strategy & priorities. J-6 IT/NSS interoperability & supportability. J-7 Systems training. J-8 Weapons safety. Energy Efficiency Component/JROC Validation & Approval Joint Operations Concepts Concept of Operations System Threat Assessment AoA (if updated) DoD Enterprise Architecture & Solution Architecture Information Support Plan Technical Standards Profile CDD s Net Centric Data & Services Strategy System Training Information Support Plan Component/JROC Validation & Approval Joint Operations Concepts Concept of Operations System Threat Assessment AoA (if updated) DoD Enterprise Architecture & Solution Architecture Information Support Plan Technical Standards Profile CPD s Threshold/objective tradeoffs Revised Performance Attributes Information Support Plan Oversight & Review MDA ADM PSR Exit Criteria MDA AoA Study Plan Initial RAM-C Report Exit Criteria updated as necessary AoA Acq Plan Technology Development Contract IBR DAB/ ITAB MDA ADM PDR Report Exit Criteria Alternative Materiel Solutions Final RFP cannot be released until Acq Strategy is approved Contract Closeout Define Supportability Objectives Logistics/ Sustainment MDD Evaluate Product Support Capabilities INPUTS ICD AoA Study Plan Exit Criteria Alternative Maintenance & Sustainment Concepts Defense Acquisition System Preliminary System Spec Systems Engineering Plan T&E Strategy System Safety Analysis Support & Maintenance Concepts & Technologies Inputs to: -draft CDD -AoA -TDS -IBR -Cost/Manpower Est. -Product Support Strategy (event-driven) ITR IBR Systems Engineering Test and Evaluation Supportability (Define Ground Rules & Assumptions) ICD & Draft CDD Approved Materiel Solution Exit Criteria Support & Maintenance Concepts & Technologies Systems Engineering Plan AoA Report T&E Strategy Technology Development Strategy System Safety Analysis Develop Concept Performance (& Constraints) Definition & Verification Objectives Decompose Concept Performance into Functional Definition & Verification Objectives Decompose Concept Functional Definition into Component Concepts & Assessment Objectives Analyze/Assess Concepts Versus Defined User Needs & Environmental Constraints Validation Linkage A Assess/Analyze Concept & Verify System Concept s Performance Verification Linkage Verification Linkage Verification Linkage Develop System Performance (& Constraints) Spec & Enabling/Critical Tech & Prototypes Verification Plan Assess/Analyze System Concept Versus Functional Capabilities Develop Functional Definitions for Enabling/ Critical Tech/Prototypes & Associated Verification Plan Decompose Functional Definitions into Critical Component Definition & Technologies Verification Plan Assess/Analyze Enabling/Critical Components Versus Capabilities CARD CCE MDAP/MAIS Cost Estimation Methods PMO POM Input Verification Linkage Verification Linkage Verification Linkage Interpret User Needs, Refine System Performance Specs & Environmental Constraints Demo System & Prototype Functionality Versus Plan Demo Enabling/Critical Technology Components Versus Plan TD Phase Fully Funded CCP ICE CARD MDAP MDAP MDAP/MAIS CCE CCP ICE MDAP MDAP Production Representative Articles Initial Product Baseline Affordability Assessment LRIP Contract IBR (verified) C OUTPUTS Product Support Integrator/ Product Support Provider RDT&E Advanced Technology Development MAIS only AoA Resource Management Program Security Considerations Test & Evaluation Data Management Life-Cycle Sustainment Planning Life-Cycle Signature Support Plan CBRN Survivability Human Systems Integration ESOH Military Equipment Valuation & Accountability Corrosion Prevention & Control Source Selection Post-Production Software Support Contracts Production Contract IBR Contract Management ECPs/Changes Contract Closeout EVM Sustainment Contracts Surveillance Full-Rate Production Systems Final Product Baseline Post-Deployment Review Product Support/PBL Management Supply Chain Management Revalidate BCA Refine Life Cycle Sustainment Plan FRP DR CCP MDAP ICE BLRIP Report to Congress Joint Interoperability Certification Testing JITC Joint Interoperability Test Certification Disposal Reprocessing OUTPUTS INPUTS Product Baseline Test Reports SEP PESHE TEMP System Safety Analysis Inputs to: -IBR - Cost/Manpower Est. - Product Support Package Data for In-Service Review Input to CDD for next increment Modifications/upgrades to fielded systems SEP Test Reports System Safety Analysis Product Support Package In-Service Review Monitor & Collect Service Use & Supply Chain Performance Data Verify and Validate Production Configuration Full Funding In FYDP Implement and Field Analyze Data to: Validate Failures & Determine Root Causes Assess Risk of Improved System Affordability Assessment CARD MDAP/MAIS CCE CCP ICE MDAP MDAP Integrate and Test Corrective Action Develop Corrective Action Full Funding Economic Analysis (MAIS) In FYDP Manpower Estimate (MDAP) MDAP Procurement Operations and Maintenance RDT&E Management & Support Planning, Programming, Budgeting, and Execution Acronyms POM/Budget Formulation FYDP Future Years Defense Program PMO Program Management Office POM Program Objectives Memorandum MBI Major Budget Issues OMB Office of Management and Budget POM/Budget Submit July DoD Testimony DoD Appeals Issue Nominations/Disposition (annualcalendar-driven) For a single copy of this chart, send a request to National Military Strategy National Defense Strategy Defense Planning & Programming Guidance Fiscal Guidance April White House Process Change - Operations/Maintenance Support Materiel Change - Hardware/Product Support Package Actual Costs Engineering RDT&E Systems Development & Demonstration National Security Strategy National Strategy Documents (updated as necessary) Send recommendations to improve the content of this chart to Fiscal Guidance March Allocation SECDEF Option FYDP updated Integrated Program/Budget Review Decisions MBI August - November November December DoD Budget Apportionment FYDP updated OMB President s Budget to Congress January February (1st Monday) Budget Committees Landfill OUTPUTS Service Use Data User Feedback Failure Reports Discrepancy Reports SEP System Safety Analysis Product Support Element Requirements PCA Verification/ Validation Linkage Authorization Committees Most Acceptable Recycle/Reuse LFTE Report to Congress Disposal INPUTS Test Results Exit Criteria APB CPD SEP TEMP Product Support Element Requirements PESHE System Safety Analysis Analyze Deficiencies To Determine Corrective Actions RDT&E Management & Support Joint Operations Crises Refine LCSP FOT&E as required Appropriated Funds To Support Contracts Military Departments and Defense Agencies Office of the Secretary of Defense and Joint Staff Peacetime Training Revalidate BCA Pre-IOC and Post IOC Supportability Assessments IOT&E Determine System Risk/ Hazard Severity CCE Operations and Sustainment Public-Private Partnering Continuous Tech Refreshment Supply Chain Management Obsolescence Management Configuration Control PBA Modifications Data Management Assessment of PSI/PSPs Monitor Performance & Adjust Revalidate PBA/BCA Product Support OTRR Full-Up System Level LFT&E Fabricate, Assemble, Code to Build-to Documentation CARD FRP Final RFP cannot be released until Acq Strategy is approved Draft RFP Source RFP & Selection Proposals Plan Acq Plan Production Qualification Testing Individual CI Verification DT&E MDAP/MAIS Increment 3 Total Life Cycle Systems Management Modify Configuration (Hardware/Software/Specs) To Correct Deficiencies Manpower Estimate (MDAP) C PCDRA CDR CARD Cost Analysis Requirements Description CCE Component Cost Estimate CCP Component Cost Position ICE Independent Cost Estimate MDAP Major Defense Acquisition Program MAIS Major Automated Information System PMO Program Management Office RDT&E Research, Development, Test & Evaluation FRP B Exit Criteria TRR Verification Linkage C Increment 2 ADM MDA Contract Closeout AOTR Integrated DT&E, LFT&E & EOAs Verify Performance Compliance to Specs Verification Linkage B PCDRA Contract Management ECPs/Changes Product Support Elements Support and Cost Baseline Contract for Sustainment (organic & Commercial) & OAs Verify System Functionality & Constraints Compliance to Specs Cost Acronyms RDT&E Advanced Component Development and Prototypes RDT&E Management & Support Validated and approved CDD & CPD for each increment of evolutionary acquisition Report for Joint Capability Technology Demonstrations & other prototype projects A Surveillance Initial Product Baseline Test Reports SEP TRA PESHE TEMP Verification Linkage Acquisition Approach Source & Related Documents Capability Needs Top-Level Integrated Schedule Program Interdependency & Interoperability Summary International Cooperation Risk & Risk Management Technology Maturation Industrial Capability & Manufacturing Readiness Business Strategy EVM OA Operational Assessment NEPA Compliance Schedule OTRR Operational Test Readiness Review Elements of Product Support PBA Performance-Based Agreement PESHE Programmatic Environment, Risk Assessment Safety & Occupational Health Evaluation Life Cycle Sustainment Plan PDR Preliminary Design Review System Safety Analysis PCA Physical Configuration Audit Inputs to: -CPD -STA -ISP PRR Production Readiness Review -IBR -Cost/Manpower Est. PPP Program Protection Plan PSI Product Support Integrator PSP Product Support Provider FCA RCM Reliability Centered Maintenance PRR RMS Reliability, Maintainability & Supportability SVR SEP Systems Engineering Plan Integrated DT&E/OT&E/LFT&E SFR System Functional Review Verification/ SRR System Requirements Review Demonstrate System to Validation STA System Threat Assessment Specified User Needs and Linkage SVR System Verification Review Environmental Constraints TEMP Test & Evaluation Master Plan TDS Technology Development Strategy TRA Technology Readiness Assessment TRR Test Readiness Review System DT&E, OT&E, LFT&E Lighter blocks reflect technical efforts required if PDR is required after Milestone B. DAB/ ITAB Product Support Package/PBL Implementation Footprint Reduction Supply Chain Management Product Support Elements Finalize Product Support BCA Technical & Logistics Acronyms 4 APB Low-Rate Initial Production Systems Initial Product Baseline Demonstrate Product Support Capability Business Case Analysis Performance-Based Agreements ASR Alternative Systems Review AOTR Assessment of Operational Test Readiness BCA Business Case Analysis BLRIP Beyond Low Rate Initial Production CDR Critical Design Review CI Configuration Item DT&E Developmental Test & Evaluation EOA Early Operational Assessment ESOH Environment, Safety & Occupational Health FCA Functional Configuration Audit FMECA Failure Mode Effects & Criticality Analysis FOT&E Follow-On Test & Evaluation FTA Failure Tree Analysis IOT&E Initial Operational Test & Evaluation ISR In-Service Review ISP Information Support Plan ITR Initial Technical Review JITC Joint Interoperability Test Command LFT&E Live Fire Test & Evaluation LORA Level of Repair Analysis MTA Maintenance Task Analysis NEPA National Environmental Policy Act Evolve CI Functional Specs into Product (Build to) Documentation & Verification Plan Full Funding In FYDP Purpose of LRIP: Complete manufacturing development Establish initial production base Ramp to production rate Produce systems for IOT&E Parametric PMO Budget Estimate Planning, Programming, Budgeting & Execution Process Contract Closeout PDR LFT&E (with alternate Waiver LFT&E Plan) (if appropriate) Economic Analysis (MAIS) Manpower Estimate (MDAP) Final RFP cannot be released until Acq Strategy is approved Draft RFP Source Source RFP & Selection Proposals Selection Plan Exit Criteria Met Acquisition Strategy TLCSM Contract Management ECPs/Changes Evolve Functional Performance Specs into System Allocated Baseline LORA MTA Analogy Types of Funds SFR PDR FMECA FTA RCM AoA Resource Management Program Security Considerations Test & Evaluation Data Management Life-Cycle Sustainment Planning Life-Cycle Signature Support Plan CBRN Survivability Human Systems Integration ESOH Military Equipment Valuation & Accountability Corrosion Prevention & Control Post-CDR A Develop System Functional Specs & Verification Plan to Evolve System Functional Baseline Evolve Functional Performance Specs into System Allocated Baseline updated as necessary PSR Exit Criteria Performance-Based Logistics (PBL) Strategy (Preferred Product Support Approach) INPUTS Interpret User Needs, Refine System Performance Specs & Environmental Constraints SFR Acquisition Approach Source & Related Documents Capability Needs Top-Level Integrated Schedule Program Interdependency & Interoperability Summary International Cooperation Risk & Risk Management Technology Maturation Industrial Capability & Manufacturing Readiness Business Strategy Acq Plan Product Support Plan Sys Performance Spec Acquisition Strategy Exit Criteria APB CDD STA ISP SEP TEMP PESHE PPP NEPA Compliance Schedule Risk Assessment Validated Sys Support & Maint Objectives & Requirements Product Support Strategy System Safety Analysis Develop System Functional Specs & Verification Plan to Evolve System Functional Baseline Demo/Model Integrated System Versus Performance Spec Design/Develop System Concepts, i.e., Enabling/Critical Technologies, Update Constraints, & Cost/Risk Drivers Economic Analysis (MAIS) Financial Management Demo & Validate System & Tech Maturity Versus Defined User Needs & Environmental Constraints Validation Linkage ADM MDA Acquisition Strategy MAIS Major Automated Information System MDA Milestone Decision Authority MDD Materiel Development Decision NSS National Security Systems PDR Preliminary Design Review P-CDRA Post Critical Design Review Assessment P-PDRA Post PDR Assessment PSR Program Support Review RAM-C Reliability, Availability, Maintainability & Cost Rationale Report RFP Request for Proposals RFI Request for Information TRA Technology Readiness Assessment TLCSM Total Life Cycle Systems Management Statutory/Regulatory Product Support Elements -Supply Support -Training Source of Support -Maintenance -Support Data Legacy Considerations Conduct Product Support BCA -Manpower & personnel SRR Interpret User Needs. Analyze Operational Capabilities & Environmental Constraints Trades Develop Component Concepts, i.e., Enabling/Critical Technologies, Constraints, & Cost/Risk Drivers MSA Phase Fully Funded System Allocated Baseline PDR Report Test Reports SEP TEMP PESHE PPP TRA NEPA Compliance Schedule Risk Assessment LCSP Validated Systems Support & Maint Objectives & Requirements System Safety Analysis Inputs to: -CDD -ISP -STA -IBR -Acq Strategy -Affordability Assessment -Cost/Manpower Est. DAB/ ITAB Surveillance B OUTPUTS APB PSR Exit Criteria Exit Criteria Met EVM Set Product Support Strategy INPUTS TRA ADM MDA Post-CDR Report Prototypes Develop Initial Product Support Strategy Initiate Product Support BCA ASR Interpret User Needs, Analyze Operational Capabilities & Environmental Constraints Trades Technical A OUTPUTS Refine Supportability Objectives/ Constraints Required if PDR is after Milestone B System Performance Spec Prototypes ADM Engineering & Manufacturing Development Contract Contract Management ECPs/Changes Materiel Solution PDR Report Exit Criteria Met ADM Acquisition Decision Memorandum AoA Analysis of Alternatives APB Acquisition Program Baseline CDR Critical Design Review CBRN Chemical, Biological, Radiological & Nuclear DAB Defense Acquisition Board ECP Engineering Change Proposal ESOH Environment, Safety, and Occupational Health EVM Earned Value Management FRPDR Full Rate Production Decision Review FDDR Full Deployment Decision Review IBR Integrated Baseline Review ITAB Information Technology Acquisition Board LRIP Low Rate Initial Production Surveillance Major Products PostPDR A Oversight & Review and Contracting Acronyms Draft RFP Source Source RFP & Selection Proposals Selection Plan EVM (if applicable) Energy Efficiency MUA/Final Demo - Compliance - CIO Confirmation of Compliance - Compliance - CIO Confirmation of Compliance Cost-Type Contract Determination System Training Availability Ownership Cost KSA Materiel Availability & Operational Availability Clinger-Cohen Act (IT incl NSS) Clinger-Cohen Act (IT incl NSS) Resource Management Program Security Considerations Test & Evaluation Data Management Life-Cycle Sustainment Planning Life-Cycle Signature Support Plan CBRN Survivability Human Systems Integration ESOH Corrosion Prevention & Control Acquisition Approach Source & Related Documents Capability Needs Top-Level Integrated Schedule Program Interdependency & Interoperability Summary International Cooperation Risk & Risk Management Technology Maturation Industrial Capability & Manufacturing Readiness Business Strategy TLCSM Source Selection APB Exit Criteria Met Acquisition Strategy Final RFP cannot be released until TDS is approved Draft RFP Source RFP & Selection Proposals Plan Acq Plan Study Contracts TRA PSR ADM Business Strategy Resource Management Program Security Considerations Test Planning Data Management & Technical Data Rights Life-Cycle Sustainment Planning Life-Cycle Signature Support Plan CBRN Survivability Acquisition Approach Source & Related Documents Capability Needs Top-Level Integrated Schedule Program Interdependency & Interoperability Summary International Cooperation Risk & Risk Management Technology Maturation & Competitive Prototyping Industrial Capability & Manufacturing Capabilities AoA Contracting DAB/ ITAB Technology Development Strategy (TDS) TLCSM AoA Study Guidance Exit Criteria Met MS B Cert Selectively Applied Component/JROC Validation & Approval Reliability KSA (If program initiation, or if equiv to FDDR) DAB/ ITAB - Compliance - CIO Confirmation of Compliance MS A Cert Net Centric Data & Services Strategy Information Assurance J-1 Joint manpower. J-2 Intelligence/threat. J-3 Operational suitability, sufficiency, & supportability. J-4 Facilities, sustainment, & energy efficiency. J-5 Alignment with strategy & priorities. J-6 IT/NSS interoperability & supportability. J-7 Systems training. J-8 Weapons safety. Evolutionary Acquisition Strategy Clinger-Cohen Act (IT incl NSS) - Compliance - CIO Confirmation of Compliance Force Survivability Protection Technical Standards & interfaces Joint Staff Review MUA/Final Demo Initiate Evolutionary Acquisition Strategy Clinger-Cohen Act (IT incl NSS) Net-Ready FOC System Threat Assessment Supportability Requirements Compliant Solution Architectures s Traceable To ICD & JP 3-0 Report for Joint Capability Technology Demonstrations & other prototype projects Availability Ownership Cost KSA Materiel Availability & Operational Availability Reliability KSA IOC For software intensive systems Energy Efficiency Execute support program that meets materiel readiness and operational support performance requirements and sustains system in most cost-effective manner. Full-Rate Production/Deployment Overlaps Production and Deployment Phase. Disposal Life Cycle Sustainment FRP DR FDDR Selectively Applied J-1 Joint manpower. J-2 Intelligence/threat. J-3 Operational suitability, sufficiency, & supportability. J-4 Facilities, sustainment, & energy efficiency. J-5 Alignment with strategy & priorities. J-6 IT/NSS interoperability & supportability. J-7 Systems training. J-8 Weapons safety. Threshold/objective tradeoffs Revised Performance Attributes MUA/Final Demo DCR Non-materiel solutions Technical Standards & interfaces Net-Ready Information Assurance Low-Rate Initial Production Force Survivability Protection Joint Staff Review Report for Joint Capability Technology Demonstrations & other prototype projects Availability Ownership Cost KSA Materiel Availability & Operational Availability Reliability KSA (need-driven) Compliant Solution Architectures s C System Threat Assessment Supportability Requirements Traceable To ICD & JP 3-0 Achieve operational capability that satisfies mission needs. Low-rate initial production (limited deployment for software intensive systems with no development hardware) and full-rate production (full deployment for software intensive systems). Deliver fully funded quantity of systems and supporting material and services for program or increment to users. MS System Capability & Manufacturing Process Demonstration PostCDR A Selectively Applied Joint Staff Review Draft CDD B Force Survivability Protection Technical Standards & interfaces Net-Ready Information Assurance Integrated System Design System Threat Assessment Supportability Requirements IOC Initial Operational Capability IT Information Technology JP 3-0 Joint Publication 3-0, Joint Operations JROC Joint Requirements Oversight Council MUA Military Utility Assessment Key Performance Parameter KSA Key System Attribute CDD Capability Development Document CPD Capability Production Document DCR DOTMLPF Change Recommendation DOTMLPF Doctrine, Organization, Training, Materiel, Leadership and Education, Personnel, & Facilities FOC Full Operational Capability ICD Initial Capabilities Document Develop a system or increment of capability; complete full system integration, develop affordable and executable manufacturing process; ensure operational supportability; reduce logistics footprint; implement human systems integration; design for producibility; ensure affordability; protect critical program information; and demonstrate system integration, interoperability, safety, and utility. MS Operations & Support Phase Production & Deployment Phase Engineering & Manufacturing Development Phase Reduce technology risk, determine and mature appropriate set of technologies to integrate into full system, demonstrate critical technology elements on prototypes, and complete preliminary design. Identify an affordable program or increment of militarily useful capability, demonstrate technology in relevant environment, and identify and assess manufacturing risks. Provide for two or more competing teams producing prototypes of system and/or key system elements prior to or through Milestone B. Appropriation Committees Congressional Budget Process February September Authorization/ Appropriation Acts Passed Least Acceptable

26 Siloed and Proprietary Systems Government IT systems have historically been procured, developed, accredited and maintained as stand alone systems Video LIDAR Image Biometric Text Audio

27 Data Balkaniza%on and Compartmentaliza%on Top Secret Coali%on SCI Secret Unclassified US Persons

28 Government Privacy Obliga%ons and Data Mining Restric%ons US Cons%tu%on Protec%ons Privacy Act of 1974 Privacy Impact Assessments US Persons Protec%ons

29 Personnel System Lag Recrui5ng and training systems were designed for not

30 Austere Deployment Environments Limited Power, Space and Cooling Limited or intermi`ent bandwidth to end users

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