1 English for work, socializing & travel Elementary Anglicko-český slovníček Bohemian Ventures výhradní distributor vydavatelství Pearson pro Českou a Slovenskou republiku
2 OBSAH UNIT 1 ARRIVALS UNIT 2 GETTING TOGETHER UNIT 3 A DREAM JOB UNIT 4 WE'RE ALL DIFFERENT UNIT 5 TIME OF YOUR LIFE UNIT 6 YOU ARE HERE UNIT 7 BUYING AND SELLING UNIT 8 A QUESTION OF SURVIVAL UNIT 9 FAVOURITE PLACES UNIT 10 FINDING SOLUTIONS UNIT 11 TURNING POINTS UNIT 12 GETTING AWAY UNIT 13 MONEY MATTERS UNIT 14 TEAMWORK UNIT 15 WHAT AN EXPERIENCE! UNIT 16 TAKE A BREAK VÝSLOVNOST Hlavní přízvuk se označuje horní kolmičkou před přízvučnou slabikou tehdy, nejedná-li se o jednoslabičné slovo: cartoon [ka:ˈtu:n], a seven [ˈsevən], ale [sʌn], nebo má-li slovo přízvuky dva nebo více: teddy bear [ˈtedi ˌbeə]. Vedlejší přízvuk se označuje dolní kolmičkou. Zvláštní znaky použité v přepisu výslovnosti: b block [blɒk] d end [end] f friend [frend] g grey [greɪ] h hat [hæt] j music [ˈmju:zɪk] k camel [ˈkæmәl] l camel [ˈkæmәl] m camel [ˈkæmәl] n end [end] ŋ penguin [ˈpeŋgwɪn] p trip [trɪp] r friend [frend] s sunny [ˈsʌni] ʃ shock [ʃɒk] t trek [trek] tʃ adventure [әdˈventʃә] θ death [deθ] ð rather [ˈrɑ:ðә] v love [lʌv] w widow [ˈwɪdәʊ] z zoo [zu:] ʒ casualty [ˈkæʒuәlti] dʒ sledge [sledʒ] ʌ sunny [ˈsʌni] ɑ: disaster [dɪˈzɑ:stә] æ sad [sæd] e end [end] ə about [əˈbaʊt] з: work [ˈwз:k] ɪ living [ˈlɪvɪŋ] i: team [ti:m], ɒ rock [rɒk] ɔ: fall [ˈfɔ:l] ʊ put [pʊt] u: loop [lu:p] aɪ tribe [traɪb] aʊ round [raʊnd] eɪ brave [breɪv] əʊ go [gəʊ] ɔɪ coin [kɔɪn] eə despair [dɪˈspeә] ɪə here [hɪə] ʊə pure [pʊə] Použité zkratky: n noun podstatné jméno adj adjective přídavné jméno v verb sloveso adv adverb příslovce prep preposition předložka det determiner determinátor, určuje podstatné jméno pl. plural množné číslo C countable počitatelné uncountable nepočitatelné T transitive tranzitivní slovesa, která se vždy pojí s předmětem I intransitive netranzitivní slovesa, která se nikdy nepojí s předmětem
3 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 1 UNIT 1A ARRIVALS PRESENT SIMPLE BE actor n, C [æktə] herec Who's your favourite actor? actress n, C [æktrɪs] herečka Keira Knightley is a famous actress. bodyguard n, C [bɒdɪgɑːd] osobní strážce Celebrities often have bodyguards. buy v, T [baɪ] koupit I buy clothes once a month. clothes n, pl. [kləʊð] oblečení I like your clothes! designer n, C [dɪ'zaɪnə] návrhář, -ka Do you know a good web designer? event n, C [ɪ'vent] událost Carla, this is our event manager. fashion label n, C [fæʃən leɪbəl] módní značka I usually buy only one or two fashion labels. fashion show n, C [fæʃən ʃəʊ] módní přehlídka This fashion show is a great success. hairdresser n, C [heədresə] kadeřník, -ice I need to go to the hairdresser's. headquarters n, pl. [hedkwɔːtəz] centrála Our headquarters are in Brno. be interested in sth. adj [ɪntərestɪd] zajímat se o něco I'm really interested in football. interesting adj [ɪntərestɪŋ] zajímavý I saw an interesting film yesterday. international adj [ɪntə'næʃənəl] mezinárodní I work for an international company. journalist n, C [dʒɜːnəlɪst] novinář, -ka My brother is a journalist, he writes for the Times. make-up artist n, C [meɪkʌp ɑːtɪst] maskér, -ka Lisa wants to be a make-up artist. model n, C [mɒdəl] model, -ka Models start to work very young. photographer n, C [fə'tɒgrəfə] fotograf, -ka reporter n, C [rɪ'pɔːtə] reportér, -ka shop assistant n, C [ʃɒp ə'sɪstənt] prodavač, -ka It is my dream to be a professional photographer. Her job as a reporter is sometimes very stressful. In his summer job, he worked as a shop assistant. spend v, T [spend] strávit (čas) My daughter always spends an hour in the bathroom. surfing n, [sɜːfɪŋ] surfování Surfing can be dangerous. watch v, I or T [wɒtʃ] dívat se Jack is watching football on TV. wear v, T [weər] nosit (oblečení) Australia n, [ɒs'treɪlɪə] Austrálie Brazil n, [brə'zɪl] Brazílie Britain n, [brɪtən] Británie Canada n, [kænədə] Kanada China n, [tʃaɪnə] Čína England n, [ɪŋglənd] Anglie France n, [frɑːnts] Francie Germany n, [dʒɜːmənɪ] Německo Ireland n, [aɪələnd] Irsko Italy n, [ɪtəlɪ] Itálie Japan n, [dʒə'pæn] Japonsko What are you going to wear for the party? UNIT
4 2 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT Mexico n, [meksɪkəʊ] Mexiko Poland n, [pəʊlənd] Polsko Qatar n, [kʌtɑː] Katar Russia n, [rʌʃə] Rusko Spain n, [speɪn] Španělsko Turkey n, [tɜːkɪ] Turecko the UK (United Kingdom) the USA (United States of America) n, [ðə'juː keɪ] n, [ðə'juː es eɪ] Spojené království Spojené státy americké Excuse me. [ɪkskjuːz mɪ] Promiňte. Excuse me, can I borrow your pen? How about you? [haʊ ə'baʊt jə] A co ty/vy? I like pop music. How about you? My name is... [mə 'neɪm ɪz] Jmenuji se... My name is John Edwards. Pleased/Nice to meet you. [pliːzd/naɪs tə miːt jə] Těší mě. What's your job? [wɒts jə dʒɒb] Co děláte? Unit 1B Arrivals Personal information My name is John Edwards. Nice to meet you, John. I'm a hairdresser. And what's your job? aunt n, C [ɑːnt] teta When I was a child, I often spent holidays at my aunt's. boss n, C [bɒs] šéf I hate my boss! Customs n, pl. [kʌstəmz] celnice destination n, C [destɪ'neɪʃən] cíl cesty fill in v [fɪl ɪn] vyplnit first name/ forename n, C [fɜːst neɪm/ fɔːneɪm] křestní jméno I never have any problems at the Customs. Greece and Croatia are our most popular destinations. Can you fill in the landing card, please? My first name's Steven. health n, [helθ] zdraví I'm in good health. job/occupation n, C [dʒɒb/ ɒkjʊ'peɪʃən] povolání I'm looking for a new job. married adj [mærɪd] ženatý, vdaná Are you married? neighbour n, C [neɪbə] soused, -ka We have nice neighbours, we often have a barbecue. religious adj [rɪlɪdʒəs] věřící Czech people aren't very religious. salary n, C [sælərɪ] plat I have changed my job and I have a better salary now. signature n, C [sɪgnɪtʃə] podpis Your signature, please! spell v, I or T [spel] hláskovat How do you spell your name? strange adj [streɪndʒ] divný surname n, C [sɜːneɪm] příjmení Look at the woman. She looks strange. Can you repeat your surname, please?
5 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 3 teacher n, C [tiːtʃə] učitel, -ka Our teacher's Canadian. uncle n, C [ʌŋkl ] strýc visitor n, C [vɪzɪtə] návštěvník My uncle is a very successful businessman. Visitors to the UK must go through passport control. be worried adj [wʌrɪd] mít starosti I'm worried about Robert, he doesn't look good.. n, C [dɒt] n, [ət] zavináč zero n [zɪərəʊ] nula one det [wʌn] jeden two det [tuː] dva three det [θriː] tři four det [fɔː] čtyři five det [faɪv] pět six det [sɪks] šest seven det [sevən] sedm eight det [eɪt] osm nine det [naɪn] devět ten det [ten] deset by the way [baɪ ðə weɪ] mimochodem How old are you? travel on business Unit 1C Arrivals Requesting [haʊ əld ə juː] [trævəl ɒn bɪznɪs] Kolik Vám je let? pracovně cestovat By the way, have you got the documents? How old are you? I'm thirty-seven. How often do you travel on business? airport n, C [eəpɔːt] letiště I usually go shopping at the airport when I'm waiting for my plane. borrow v, T [bɒrəʊ] půjčit si Can I borrow your programme? car park n, C [kɑː pɑːk] parkoviště The car park is on the right, next to the hotel. heavy adj [hevɪ] těžký This suitcase is so heavy, can you help me? pick up v [pɪk ʌp] vyzvednout I'll pick you up at the airport. show v, T [ʃəʊ] ukázat Could you show me your passport, please? suitcase n, C [sjuːtkeɪs] kufr Let me help you with the suitcase. use v, T [juːz] použít Could I use your mobile for a minute? window n, C [wɪndəʊ] okno Can you open the window, please? It's so hot in here. Come this way. [kʌm ðɪs weɪ] Pojďte tudy. Come this way, Ms Simpson, I'll show you your room. take a taxi [teɪk ə 'tæksɪ] vzít si taxi I took a taxi from the airport. UNIT
6 4 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY Unit 1D Arrivals From start to finish UNIT business card n, C [bɪznɪs kɑːd] vizitka Here's my business card. cafeteria n, C [kæfə'tɪərɪə] kavárna The school cafeteria serves some very good meals. drop v, T [drɒp] upustit...and I dropped my coffee on my laptop! flat adj [flæt] vybitý My laptop battery is flat. success n, [sək'ses] úspěch do business with sb. [də 'bɪznɪs wɪð] obchodovat s někým UNIT 2A GETTING TOGETHER PRESENT SIMPLE 1 anniversary n, C [ænɪ'vɜːsərɪ] výročí Success of a team depends on the manager. A lot of foreign investors do business with Tom's company. Our wedding anniversary is on 20 th June. bad adj [bæd] špatný There's a bad connection, can you hear me? birthday n, C [bɜːθdeɪ] narozeniny When is your birthday? black adj [blæk] černý I have got a big black dog. book v, I or T [bʊk] zarezervovat boring adj [bɔːrɪŋ] nudný busy adj [bɪzɪ] vytížený celebration [selɪ'breɪʃən] oslava I booked a table at the restaurant for 8 o'clock. The presentation yesterday was so boring, I wanted to sleep! I'm very busy right now, can you call back later? The celebration was very nice, we left at midnight. chat v, I [tʃæt] popovídat si I just want to chat for a minute. child, pl. children n, C [tʃaɪld] dítě How many children do you have? clean v, T [kliːn] uklidit I need to clean my flat at the weekend. college reunion [kɒlɪdʒ riː'juːnɪən] sraz absolventů decorate v, T [dekəreɪt] vyzdobit depend on sth. v, T [dɪ'pend ɒn] dinner [dɪnə] záviset na něčem večeře There were about 15 people at our last college reunion. I always decorate the house at Christmas. Our holiday plans depend on the weather. If it snows, we will go skiing. I have business dinners about two times a week. dragon n, C [drægən] drak Dragon is my son's favourite fairy-tale animal. drink v, I or T [drɪŋk] pít What do you want to drink? eat v, I or T [iːt] jíst I'm sorry, but I don't eat meat. envelope n, C [envələʊp] obálka I put the letter into an envelope and sent it. feel v, T [fiːl] cítit (se) I feel happy when I'm with my family. get together v, I [get təgeðə] sejít se How often do you get together with your friends from school?
7 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 5 get up v [get ʌp] vstát grandchild, pl. grandchildren n, pl. [grændtʃaɪld] vnouče I never get up before 8 at the weekend. Carla's got eight grandchildren, it's really noisy when they're all in the house. holiday n, C [hɒlɪdeɪ] státní svátek Do you ever go to work on a holiday? invite v, T [ɪn'vaɪt] pozvat Tom invited a few friends for a party on Friday. last v, I [lɑːst] trvat My presentation will last for about an hour. lucky adj [lʌkɪ] šťastný Seven is my lucky number. miss v, T [mɪs] postrádat I miss my last job. New Year n [njuː jɪə] Nový rok How do you celebrate New Year in your country? prepare v, I or T [prɪ'peə] připravit (se) I need to prepare the report for tomorrow. receive v, T [rɪ'siːv] dostat I usually receive thirty s a day. red adj [red] červený Our company cars are always red. relative n, C [relətɪv] příbuzný, -á send v, T [send] poslat I like visiting my relatives at the weekend. Did you remember to send a card to Jonathan? sit v, I [sɪt] sedět All employees sit in an open office all day. smile v, I [smaɪl] usmívat se Don't be so sad, smile at me. special occasion n, C street performance n, C [speʃəl ə'keɪʒən] zvláštní příležitost [striːt pə'fɔːmənts] pouliční představení I always wear nice clothes on special occasions. There are interesting street performances when we celebrate the carnival. take place v, I [teɪk pleɪs] konat se The festival takes place in July. temple n, C [templ ] chrám How often do you go to the temple? terrible adj [terəbl ] hrozný tip n, C [tɪp] spropitné wedding reception n, C [wedɪŋ rɪ'sepʃən] svatební hostina The food is terrible! I can't eat anything. Do you give a tip in a restaurant in your country? How much? There were 100 people at the wedding reception and I didn't know anybody! white adj [waɪt] bílý Will you wear a white dress for your wedding? wife, pl. wives n, C [waɪf] manželka I met my wife at a party ten years ago. wrap v, T [ræp] zabalit all the time do a lot of shopping [ɔːl ðə taɪm] [də ə lɒt əv 'ʃɒpɪŋ] pořád, celou dobu hodně nakupovat I'm not very good at wrapping presents, they always do it for me in the shop. He talked about his work all the time, he didn't stop for a minute! My sister does a lot of shopping before every family dinner. UNIT
8 6 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY Unit 2B Getting together Present simple: questions UNIT arrive v, I [ə'raɪv] přijet, přijít colleague n, C [kɒliːg] kolega, -yně discuss sth. v, T [dɪs'kʌs] diskutovat o něčem What time did you arrive home yesterday? Do you go to pub with your colleagues? We need to discuss some problems. dress v, I or T [dres] obléci se Do you dress formally or informally in your company? enjoy yourself v [ɪn'dʒɔɪ jə'self] bavit se Are you enjoying yourself? expensive adj [ɪk'spentsɪv] drahý The shirt is too expensive, I can't buy it. family n, C [fæməlɪ] rodina Does all your family live near you? fast adj [fɑːst] rychlý Don't drive so fast! go out v [gəʊ aʊt] jít se bavit I go out only on Friday or Saturday night. look v, I [lʊk] podívat se Look out of the window! It's snowing. meeting n, C [miːtɪŋ] schůzka Business meetings can last for hours. passenger n, C [pæsəndʒə] cestující We ask passengers not to smoke on board. phone call n, C [fəʊn kɔːl] telefonní hovor Excuse me, I have to make a phone call. return journey n, C [rɪ'tɜːn dʒɜːnɪ] zpáteční cesta The return journey lasts two hours. scenery n, [siːnərɪ] scenérie The scenery around the lake is beautiful. slow adj [sləʊ] pomalý I never travel by train, it's too slow. socialize v, I [səʊʃəlaɪz] chodit do společnosti spend v, T [spend] utratit (peníze) I try to socialize with my business partners. Peter spends a lot of money on travelling. staff n, [stɑːf] zaměstnanci We have a staff party before Christmas every year. train n, C [treɪn] vlak Do you go to work by train? walk v, I or T [wɔːk] procházet se I like walking in the mountains. work n, [wɜːk] práce I usually go straight home after work. answer/pick up the phone go by car/bus [ɑːntsə/pɪk ʌp ðə fəʊn] [gəʊ baɪ'kɑː/ bʌs] zvednout telefon jet autem/ autobusem Could you answer the phone for me, please? I'd like to go on holiday by car, but it's expensive. go on foot [gəʊ ən'fʊt] jít pěšky When it's sunny, I go to work on foot. go to bed [gəʊ tə'bed] jít spát have fun [həv'fʌn] bavit se stay at home [steɪ ət'həʊm] zůstat doma I often go to bed after midnight and then I can't get up the next day. Look at the children, they're having fun. I'm tired, I want to stay at home tonight.
9 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 7 Unit 2C Getting together Showing interest abroad adv [ə'brɔːd] v/do zahraničí I'd like to go abroad for my holiday this summer. castle n, C [kɑːsl ] hrad I visited a nice castle at the weekend. foreign adj [fɒrən] zahraniční, cizí holiday [hɒlɪdeɪ] dovolená, prázdniny What foreign languages do you speak? Where are you going for your holiday? lunch break n, C [lʌntʃ breɪk] polední pauza I have half an hour lunch break. meet sb. v, I or T [miːt] read v, I or T [riːd] číst potkat, seznámit se s někým Where did you meet your husband? What papers do you read? The Times. really adv [rɪəlɪ] opravdu I saw Julia Roberts in the morning! Really? seat n, C [siːt] sedadlo Is this seat free? Go ahead. [gəʊ ə'hed] Klidně. Can I close the window? Sure, go ahead. go swimming [gəʊ swɪmɪŋ] jít plavat Where do you go swimming? surf the Internet [sɜːf ðɪ'ɪntənet] surfovat po internetu At work I surf the Internet a lot. Unit 2D Getting together Are you a people person? agree v, I or T [ə'griː] souhlasit I agree with Martin. alone adv [ə'ləʊn] sám, sama Sometimes I like being alone. disagree v, I [dɪsə'griː] nesouhlasit I disagree, I'm afraid. great adj [greɪt] skvělý It's great to hear from you. hide v, I [haɪd] schovat se Quick, hide behind me. hobby n, C [hɒbɪ] koníček important adj [ɪm'pɔːtənt] důležitý I have many hobbies like swimming or reading. In my line of business it's important to speak foreign languages. leave v, I or T [liːv] odejít Excuse me, I have to leave early today. private adj [praɪvət] soukromý This is my private address. shopping centre n, C [ʃɒpɪŋ sentə] nákupní centrum I hate going to shopping centres! time off n, [taɪm əf] volný čas How do you spend your time off? get to know sb. [get tə nəʊ] poznat někoho When I go abroad, I always get to know new people. UNIT
10 8 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT UNIT 3A A DREAM JOB PRESENT SIMPLE 2 accountant n, C [ə'kaʊntənt] účetní I think accountants' work is very boring. air traffic controller n, C [eə træfɪk kən'trəʊlə] letový dispečer Air traffic controllers have an extremely difficult job. angry adj [æŋgrɪ] naštvaný Do you often get angry? bookshelf, pl. bookshelves n, C [bʊkʃelf] police na knihy The book is on the bookshelf, on the left. briefcase n, C [briːfkeɪs] kufr The documents are in my briefcase. dangerous adj [deɪndʒərəs] nebezpečný Don't go there alone, it's dangerous. dark adj [dɑːk] temný It was still dark when I woke up. desk n, C [desk] pracovní stůl I share my desk with a colleague. fly v, I or T [flaɪ] létat My boss often flies to the USA. hand n, C [hænd] ruka Do a lot of people work with their hands in your country? head teacher n, C [hed tiːtʃə] Can I speak to the head teacher, ředitel, -ka školy please? know v, I or T [nəʊ] vědět Maria, do you know Carlos? late adv [leɪt] pozdě Oh no, I'm late for work again! lawyer n, C [lɔɪə] právník, -čka lecturer n, C [lektʃərə] přednášející I'm looking for a good lawyer, I want to buy a flat. He works as a lecturer at conferences all around the world. librarian n, C [laɪ'breərɪən] knihovník, -ice My aunt is a librarian, she loves books. like v, T [laɪk] mít rád Do you like your job? mechanic n, C [mə'kænɪk] automechanik, -čka Michael's dream job is a mechanic, he's very good with cars. niece n, C [niːs] neteř How old is your niece? nurse n, C [nɜːs] zdravotní sestra Nurses in hospitals work long hours. outside adv [aʊt'saɪd] venku personal assistant (PA) n, C [pɜːsənəl ə'sɪstənt] osobní asistent, -ka qualification n, C [kwɒlɪfɪ'keɪʃən] kvalifikace quiet adj [kwaɪət] tichý report n, C [rɪ'pɔːt] zpráva rude adj [ruːd] nezdvořilý Let's have dinner outside, the weather is so nice. I have an excellent personal assistant, I can't work without her! What qualifications do you need for your job? Sssh, be quiet, they're having a meeting next door. I need to write the sales report today, it's urgent. Using a mobile phone in a lesson is rude. see v, I or T [siː] vidět Can you see the woman over there? It's our marketing manager. shout v, I or T [ʃaʊt] křičet She got hysteric and shouted at me. stressful adj [stresfəl] stresující My husband has a very stressful job, he's a taxi driver.
11 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 9 surgeon n, C [sɜːdʒən] chirurg Surgeons must always concentrate on their work. talk v, I [tɔːk] mluvit Can I talk to Mrs Shear, please? think v, I or T [θɪŋk] myslet na něco I'm thinking about my future. try v, I or T [traɪ] zkusit Susan is trying to start a career as a lawyer. uniform n, C [juːnɪfɔːm] uniforma I don't wear a uniform at work. useful adj [juːsfəl] užitečný This word is very useful. well-paid adj [welpeɪd] dobře placený I want to have a well-paid job one day. job for life [dʒɒb fə laɪf] celoživotní zaměstnání In Japan it's important to have a job for life. on time [ɒn taɪm] na čas And don't be late, come on time! regular working hours [regjʊlə wɜːkɪŋ aʊəz] pravidelná pracovní doba I prefer flexible time to regular working hours. Unit 3B A dream job Like, love and hate ask for sth. v [ɑːsk fə] požádat o něco Can I ask for a cup of coffee? college [kɒlɪdʒ] vysoká škola She left college after one semester. department n, C [dɪ'pɑːtmənt] oddělení What department do you work in? dislike v, T [dɪs'laɪk] nemít rád I dislike disco music, it's terrible. floor n, C [flɔː] poschodí Which floor is Syntech Inc. on? hate v, I or T [heɪt] nenávidět I hate doing homework, I want to go out. help v, I or T [help] pomoci Can you help me with the report? lift n, C [lɪft] výtah Are you waiting for the lift? loud adj [laʊd] hlasitý love v, T [lʌv] milovat pet hate n, C [pet heɪt] nenáviděná drobnost photocopier n, C [fəʊtəʊkɒpɪə] kopírka polite adj [pə'laɪt] zdvořilý queue v, I [kjuː] stát frontu short adj [ʃɔːt] krátký smoke v, I or T [sməʊk] kouřit There was a loud explosion in the factory. I love hotel breakfasts when you can have what you want. My pet hate is definitely queueing in a supermarket. Oh no, the photocopier has broken down again. Jack is a polite boy, he always says 'please' and 'thank you'. We always queue in the company canteen. There will be a short break now and then I'll continue with my presentation. How many cigarettes a day do you smoke? successful adj [sək'sesfəl] úspěšný The project was very successful and we got a lot of new clients. understand v, I or T [ʌndə'stænd] chápat Do you understand this ? untidy adj [ʌn'taɪdɪ] neuklizený His desk is always so untidy! UNIT
12 10 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT wait v, I [weɪt] čekat I'm waiting for Mr Smith. go away [gəʊ ə'weɪ] jít pryč Go away, I want to be alone. Well done! [wel dʌn] Výborně! Thank you for your hard work, Rafael. Well done! Unit 3C A dream job Same or different? customer n, C [kʌstəmə] zákazník I talk to customers every day. flexible hours n, pl. [fleksɪbl aʊəz] pohyblivá pracovní doba One of the bonuses in our company is working flexible hours. hungry adj [hʌŋgrɪ] hladový I'm hungry, let's go for lunch. listen v, I [lɪsən] poslouchat I always listen to music in my car. salesperson, pl. salespeople n, C [seɪlzpɜːsən] prodejce He's the best salesperson in the company. texting n, [tekstɪŋ] psaní sms zpráv I don't like texting, I prefer calling. travel agency view take work home n, C [trævəl eɪdʒəntsɪ] [vjuː] [teɪk wɜːk həʊm] Unit 3D A dream job Choosing a candidate cestovní agentura výhled brát si práci domů apply v, I [ə'plaɪ] ucházet se Our travel agency specializes in Greece. We had a beautiful view from the hotel room. I'm very busy this month, I have to take work home. Dear Sir/Madam, I'd like to apply for the job of a salesperson. CV n, C [siː'viː] životopis It's a good idea to have only 2-page CV. drive v, I or T [draɪv] řídit, jet autem All our sales team must drive. energetic adj [enə'dʒetɪk] energický We need someone energetic. What relevant experience experience n, [ɪk'spɪərɪənts] zkušenost, -i do you have? industry n, [ɪndəstrɪ] průmysl, odvětví I'm looking for a job in IT industry. irregular adj [ɪ'regjələ] nepravidelný look for v [lʊk fə] hledat mother tongue n, C [mʌðə 'tʌŋ] rodný jazyk How do you feel about working irregular hours? The company ABC is looking for a new marketing assistant. I was born in Slovakia, but my mother tongue is Czech. speak v, I or T [spiːk] mluvit I speak good Spanish and basic English. vacancy n, C [veɪkəntsɪ] volné místo Do you have any job vacancies? be OK with sth. do business face-to-face do business over the phone [bɪ əʊ'keɪ wɪð] [də 'bɪznɪs feɪstə'feɪs] [də 'bɪznɪs əʊvə ðə 'fəʊn] nemít s něčím problém dělat obchody osobně dělat obchody přes telefon I'm OK with working at the weekend. I think doing business face-to-face is better, you know your customers personally. In my company, we never do business over the phone.
13 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 11 UNIT 4A WE'RE ALL DIFFERENT ADVERBS OF FREQUENCY always adv [ɔːlweɪz] vždy clock n, C [klɒk] hodiny difference [dɪfərənts] rozdíl I always come to the office on time, 8 o'clock exactly. What time is it? I don't know, but there's a big clock in the corridor. What's the difference between these two forms? different adj [dɪfərənt] rozdílný I'm very different from my brother. difficult adj [dɪfɪkəlt] obtížný It's sometimes difficult to do all the work in time. exciting adj [ɪk'saɪtɪŋ] vzrušující Isn't it exciting to work abroad? guest n, C [gest] host I'm having some guests tonight. hardly ever adv [hɑːdlɪ evə] téměř nikdy I hardly ever read the papers, I prefer online news. laugh v, I [lɑːf] smát se He fell down and everyone laughed at him. long adj [lɒŋ] dlouhý Why was the meeting so long? never adv [nevə] nikdy I never walk to work, it's too far. often adv [ɒftən] často pleased adj [pliːzd] potěšený same adj [seɪm] stejný usually adv [juːʒʊəlɪ] obvykle watch n, C [wɒtʃ] hodinky bad manners [bæd mænəz] nezdvořilé small talk [smɔːl tɔːk] nezávazná konverzace Jack often goes to have a cigarette and then doesn't have time for work. My boss was pleased about my sales results. I know how this works, we had the same software in my last job. I usually watch the news on TV when I don't go out. Have you got a new watch? Yes, it was a birthday present. It's bad manners to ask personal questions in Germany. I hate making small talk with strangers. Unit 4B We're all different Talking about time advanced adj [əd'vɑːntst] pokročilý I speak advanced French. afternoon [ɑːftə'nuːn] odpoledne I usually go jogging in the afternoon. art gallery n, C [ɑːt gælərɪ] galerie umění autumn I visited the Degli Uffizi art gallery in Florence. [ɔːtəm] podzim I don't like autumn, it's so depressing. beginner n, C [bɪ'gɪnə] začátečník classes n, pl. [klɑːsiz] kurz, hodiny Do you speak German? Yes, but I'm still a beginner. Tom goes to Chinese evening classes twice a week. UNIT
14 12 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT climbing n, [klaɪmɪŋ] lezení po skalách Sue's planning to do some climbing on her holiday. evening [iːvnɪŋ] večer What are you doing in the evening? garden n, C [gɑːdən] zahrada I spend a lot of time in the garden. gardening n, [gɑːdənɪŋ] zahradničení Gardening is one my biggest hobbies. learn v, I or T [lɜːn] učit se When did you learn to drive? midday n, [mɪd'deɪ] poledne We always have lunch at midday. midnight n, [mɪdnaɪt] půlnoc I went to bed at midnight yesterday. morning spring summer [mɔːnɪŋ] ráno ticket n, C [tɪkɪt] vstupenka When I have time, I have a shower in the morning. [sprɪŋ] jaro We will be very busy this spring. [sʌmə] léto Most people have holiday in summer. Where did you get tickets for the concert? today adv [tə'deɪ] dnes Today I'm having a day off, I'm out of the office. visit v, I or T [vɪzɪt] navštívit How often do you visit your relatives? wake up v, I [weɪk ʌp] vzbudit se I woke up late and missed the plane! winter do housework [wɪntə] [də 'haʊswɜːk] zima dělat domácí práce go dancing [gəʊ 'dɑːntsɪŋ] jít tančit go for a walk [gəʊ fə ə'wɔːk] jít na procházku go shopping [gəʊ 'ʃɒpɪŋ] jít nakupovat go to the cinema [gəʊ tə ðə'sɪnəmə] jít do kina In your country, can you go skiing in winter? I hate doing housework. I'd like to go dancing on Saturday, but I don't know where. Let's all go for a walk, the weather is so nice. My wife likes going shopping, but she always spends too much money. I prefer watching films at home to going to the cinema. What time is it? [wət'taɪm ɪz ɪt] Kolik je hodin? What time is it? Half past nine. Unit 4C We're all different Ways of saying 'no' convenient adj [kən'viːnɪənt] vhodný Is a meeting on Thursday convenient? finish v, I or T [fɪnɪʃ] skončit What time do we have to finish? free adj [friː] volný, k dispozici look around v [lʊk ə'raʊnd] rozhlédnout se I'm free this afternoon if you want to discuss the project. You have very nice offices. Can I look around? need v, T [niːd] potřebovat I need some information about the strategy report. question n, C [kwestʃən] otázka Have you got any questions?
15 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 13 I don't think so. [aɪ dəʊnt 'θɪŋk səʊ] Myslím, že ne. I think so. [aɪ 'θɪŋk səʊ] Myslím, že ano. I'm afraid... [aɪm ə'freɪd] Unit 4D We're all different Arranging to meet Obávám se, že.../bohužel,... appointment n, C [ə'pɔɪntmənt] schůzka arrange v, I or T [ə'reɪndʒ] domluvit se Will you finish the report today? I don't think so, I still need a lot of information. Will you finish the report today? I think so, I need to write only one more page. I'm afraid Mr Schmidt is in a meeting right now. I'm calling to arrange an appointment about the new webpage. We arranged to meet at 5. It's 5.15 and he isn't here! check v, I or T [tʃek] zkontrolovat I need to check your passport and boarding card, Sir. What about...? [wɒt ə'baʊt] Co třeba...? What about a lunch tomorrow? UNIT 5A TIME OF YOUR LIFE COMPARATIVE ADJECTIVES comfortable adj [kʌmfətəbl ] pohodlný I like flying with the Emirates because they have comfortable seats. company n, C [kʌmpənɪ] firma What company do you work for? employee n, C [ɪm'plɔɪiː] zaměstnanec We have about 50 employees. famous adj [feɪməs] slavný far adj, adv [fɑː] daleko Our clients are usually rich and famous people. I live far from my office, but I'm OK with that. friendly adj [frendlɪ] přátelský It's important that you're friendly to our customers. high adj [haɪ] vysoký Bankers often have high bonuses. large adj [lɑːdʒ] velký lovely adj [lʌvlɪ] krásný low adj [ləʊ] nízký modern adj [mɒdən] moderní near adj, adv [nɪə] blízko noisy adj [nɔɪzɪ] hlučný poor adj [pɔː] chudý retire v, I [rɪ'taɪə] odejít do důchodu The company has one large office in the city centre and two smaller ones around the city. What a lovely skirt, where did you buy it? My phone battery is low, can I borrow your mobile? The company gives its employees modern apartments near the office. I live near the lake so it's great for the weekends. We work in the city centre and it can be very noisy outside. Her family were so poor they couldn't buy her new clothes. Most people retire at 65. UNIT
16 14 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT rich adj [rɪtʃ] bohatý I want to be rich and live in the Caribbean one day. small adj [smɔːl] malý My husband runs a small PR company. together adv [tə'geðə] spolu Can we look at the figures together? traditional adj [trə'dɪʃənəl] tradiční trip n, C [trɪp] výlet uncomfortable adj [ʌn'kʌmfətəbl ] nepohodlný unfriendly adj [ʌn'frendlɪ] nepřátelský I'd like to invite you to a traditional celebration in our town. We took a lot of trips on our holiday in the mountains. The chair is so uncomfortable! I hope we'll finish soon. The man at the customer care was very unfriendly. Unit 5B Time of your life Superlative adjectives adult n, C [ædʌlt] dospělý Adults pay 60, children only 30. baby n, C [beɪbɪ] malé dítě She is having a baby in January. elderly adj [eldəlɪ] postarší A well-dressed elderly lady stepped out of a car. lose v, T [luːz] ztratit Oh no, I've lost all my documents! middle-aged adj [mɪdl'eɪdʒd] pet n, C [pet] ve středním věku domácí mazlíček The train seemed to be full of middle-aged businessmen. We've got a lot of pets at home: a dog, two cats, a guinea pig and a parrot. It's like a zoo! teenage adj [tiːneɪdʒ] dospívající Teenage children don't want to spend their holiday with parents. fall in love [fɔːl ɪn lʌv] zamilovat se When did you first fall in love? get a job [get ə'dʒɒb] získat práci I really need to get a job quickly. get married go to university [get 'mærɪd] [gəʊ tə juːnɪ'vɜːsɪtɪ] oženit se, vdát se jít na vysokou školu What's the best age to get married? My dream is to go to university and study economics when I have enough money. start a business [stɑːt ə'bɪznɪs] založit si firmu I'm thinking about starting my own business. start a family [stɑːt ə'fæməlɪ] založit rodinu I think it's time to start a family. start school [stɑːt 'skuːl] jít do školy Unit 5C Time of your life Offering help Czech children usually start school at 6 years of age. advice n, [əd'vaɪs] rada Could you give me some advice about starting a business? animal n, C [ænɪməl] zvíře I'm allergic to animals. deliver v, T [dɪ'lɪvə] doručit The postman delivered the letter yesterday.
17 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 15 donate v, I or T [dəʊ'neɪt] darovat flower n, C [flaʊə] květina helpful adj [helpfəl] užitečný skill I'd like to donate some clothes to your charity. My neighbour has a lot of beautiful flowers in her garden. Thank you very much, your advice is really helpful. [skɪl] dovednost I learned a lot of skills in my first job. unemployed adj [ʌnɪm'plɔɪd] nezaměstnaný volunteer n, C [vɒlən'tɪə] dobrovolník Unit 5D Time of your life The best way to help? care n, [keə] péče charity n, C [tʃærɪtɪ] charitativní organizace equipment n, [ɪ'kwɪpmənt] vybavení raise money [reɪz 'mʌnɪ] UNIT 6A YOU ARE HERE THERE IS/THERE ARE vybírat peníze na charitu accommodation n, [əkɒmə'deɪʃən] ubytování amazing adj [ə'meɪzɪŋ] úžasný behind prep [bɪ'haɪnd] za In my country, we have a big problem with unemployed people at the moment. The charity is looking for volunteers to Africa and Asia. I worked in customer care department for three years. There are two charities for homeless people in my town. We need new computer equipment urgently. What's the best way to raise money for charity? What accommodation do you prefer on your holiday? The hotel has an amazing swimming pool. Can you see the café? It's behind the bank. build v, I or T [bɪld] postavit They're building a new shopping centre here. cost v, T [kɒst] stát (o ceně) How much does it cost? cruise ship n, C [kruːz ʃɪp] výletní loď We bought a holiday on a cruise ship in the Caribbean this spring! deck n, C [dek] paluba There are 150 passengers on deck. facility n, C [fə'sɪlɪtɪ] zařízení The hotel has a lot of facilities a swimming pool, a sauna, a tennis court,... forget v, I or T [fə'get] zapomenout Don't forget to buy milk. gym n, C [dʒɪm] fitness centrum I go to the gym every week. in front of prep [ɪn 'frʌnt əv] před I'm waiting in front of the restaurant. lesson n, C [lesən] lekce We have English lessons twice a week. next to prep [nekstə] vedle Who's the man next to Mr Friedman? UNIT
18 16 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT opposite prep [ɒpəzɪt] naproti My office is opposite the meeting room. plant n, C [plɑːnt] rostlina There were beautiful plants in the hotel reception. pool n, C [puːl] bazén I like lying by the pool all day. restaurant n, C [restrɒnt] restaurace Have you got a favourite restaurant for business meetings? show v, T [ʃəʊ] ukázat I'll show you the way on the map. spa n, C [spɑː] lázně What's the best spa in your country? stay v, I [steɪ] být ubytovaný theatre n, C [θɪətə] divadlo in the centre [ɪn ðə'sentə] uprostřed Unit 6B You are here Imperatives We decided to stay in a small pension near the river. I go to the theatre once a month with my friends. In the centre of the square there is a statue. corner n, C [kɔːnə] roh The post office is on the corner of Oxford Street and Park Avenue. cross v, I or T [krɒs] přejít Cross the street and then turn left. hospital n, C [hɒspɪtəl] nemocnice left adj, adv [left] nalevo library n, C [laɪbrərɪ] knihovna Excuse me, where's the nearest hospital? The toilets are on the left, you can't miss it. I love going to the library and reading there. Go past the cinema and the park past prep [pɑːst] kolem will be in front of you. right adj, adv [raɪt] napravo In Europe, we drive on the right. shopping mall n, C [ʃɒpɪŋ mɔːl] obchodní centrum station n, C [steɪʃən] nádraží ask for directions [ɑːsk fə daɪ'rekʃənz] zeptat se na cestu Teenagers often spend the afternoon in shopping malls. Excuse me, I'm looking for the bus station. OK, I don't know where we are, we must ask for directions. be lost [bɪ 'lɒst] ztratit se Can you help me? I think I'm lost. find your way [faɪnd jə'weɪ] najít cestu straight on [streɪt ɒn] rovně turn left [tɜːn left] zabočit vlevo take the second right [teɪk ðə'sekənd raɪt] zabočit druhou ulicí vpravo You're welcome. [jə'welkəm] Není zač. Is it usually easy for you to find your way? Go straight on for about a hundred metres. When you come to the crossroads, turn left. Take the second right and you're there. Thank you very much for your help. You're welcome.
19 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY 17 Unit 6C You are here Asking for help café n, C [kæfeɪ] kavárna Do you know a quiet café near here? badge n, C [bædʒ] odznak, cedulka Where do I get the conference badge? find v, T [faɪnd] najít register v, I or T [redʒɪstə] speaker n, C [spiːkə] řečník Glad to help. My pleasure. [glæd tə help] [maɪ 'pleʒə] Unit 6D You are here Welcome to the trade fair zaregistrovat (se) Rád jsem pomohl/a. Bylo mi potěšením. conference n, C [kɒnfərənts] konference seminar n, C [semɪnɑː] seminář trade fair n, C [treɪd feə] veletrh training course n, C [treɪnɪŋ kɔːs] školení workshop n, C [wɜːkʃɒp] praktický seminář Could you help me to find the registration desk, please? You can register for the seminar here. Our next speaker is Professor Blacknell. Thank you, your advice was very helpful. Glad to help. Thank you for picking me up at the airport. My pleasure. I fly to conferences all around the world. Is this seminar useful for the sales department or not? The Garden Expo is the biggest trade fair I've visited. Ellie went to several training courses for editors and proofreaders. The reporter attended two workshops on ethics in journalism. UNIT 7A BUYING AND SELLING COUNTABLE AND UNCOUNTABLE NOUNS apple n, C [æpl ] jablko I usually have just an apple for snack. banana n, C [bə'nɑːnə] banán beef n, [biːf] hovězí bottle n, C [bɒtl ] láhev Can you buy some bananas when you go shopping, please? Our speciality today is spaghetti with tomato sauce and beef. It's a good idea to have at least two bottles of water with you if you go to the canyon. bread n, [bred] chléb Do you have bread with cheese or jam for breakfast? butter n, [bʌtə] máslo Have some bread and butter. cake n, C [keɪk] dort I'll make a chocolate cake for your birthday. carrot n, C [kærət] mrkev Eating carrot is good for your eyes. cheese n, [tʃiːz] sýr chicken n, [tʃɪkɪn] kuřecí choose v, I or T [tʃuːz] vybrat si I love French cheese, it's much better than cheese from my country. I don't eat much meat but I eat chicken. Choose which alternative you like and let me know. UNIT
20 18 LIFESTYLE ELEMENTARY UNIT cod [kɒd] treska I'll have cod and chips, please. coffee n, [kɒfɪ] káva Can I get you a cup of coffee? cold adj [kəʊld] studený It's cold in the mountains now, take some warm clothes with you. dairy adj [deərɪ] mléčný They sell excellent dairy products. fish n, [fɪʃ] ryba fridge n, C [frɪdʒ] lednice The water was so clean that we could see fish swimming in it. The fridge is so full that I can't put anything more in. fruit n, [fruːt] ovoce Eating fruit and vegetables is good for you. glass n, C [glɑːs] sklenice Can I ask for a glass of water? healthy adj [helθɪ] zdravý Running every day is healthy, it can help you get fit. hot adj [hɒt] horký Be careful, the water's hot. hot chocolate n, [hɒt 'tʃɒklət] horká čokoláda It's nice to have hot chocolate in winter. juice n, [dʒuːs] džus Two glasses of apple juice, please. lamb n, [læm] jehněčí Would you like to try lamb? It's their speciality. lemon n, C [lemən] citrón I always drink water with lemon in the morning. meat n, [miːt] maso The meat looks old, don't use it. milk n, [mɪlk] mléko Do you drink a lot of milk? onion n, C [ʌnjən] cibule Cut onion into pieces and add some butter. orange n, C [ɒrɪndʒ] pomeranč I love eating oranges when I'm in Spain. potato n, C [pə'teɪtəʊ] brambora I think I'll have potatoes as a side dish. quick adj [kwɪk] rychlý rice n, [raɪs] rýže salad [sæləd] (zeleninový) salát Don't worry, the data migration will be quick and you can start working immediately. Do you have anything with no rice in it? Sorry, Madam, this is a Chinese restaurant. As a side dish, I'll have the salad. salmon n, [sæmən] losos I haven't had smoked salmon for ages. sell v, I or T [sel] prodat We're selling our house. soft drink n, C [sɒft 'drɪŋk] nealkoholický nápoj survey n, C [sɜːveɪ] průzkum tea n, [tiː] čaj It's shame that soft drinks are more expensive than beer. Our survey shows that our customers don't know our new products. English people always drink tea at 5 o'clock.
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