1 Journal of Data Science 6(2008), Life Table Analysis for Evaluating Curative-effect of One-stage Non-submerged Dental Implant in Taiwan Miin-Jye Wen 1, Chuen-Chyi Tseng 2 and Cheng K. Lee 3 1 National Cheng-Kung University, 2 Chi-Mei Medical Center and 3 Wachovia Corporate Abstract: According to the available literature, long-term survival and success rates of one-stage, non-submerged dental implant (A dental implant is not totally buried beneath the gum.) are predictable. However, until now there is no similar study in Taiwan regarding to the efficacy of one-stage, non-submerged dental implant. This prospective study from August 1997 to the end of 2005 includes 316 patients who received the dental implants and prosthesis and were followed up at least 6 months. The total implants are 717. Life table analysis is used to analyze the effectiveness of the onestage, non-submerged dental implant. Our result indicates the survival rate and success rate are 99.58% and 96.13%, respectively, from this seven-year follow-up study. This study strongly demonstrates that the efficacy of onestage, non-submerged dental implant is also predictable in Taiwan if the patients are under regular follow-up after active treatments. Key words: Cumulative success rate, cumulative survival rate, life table analysis, one-stage non-submerge dental implant. 1. Introduction The application of osseointegrated dental implant on oral rehabilitation has been existing for years. This type of implant has been called the next best thing to natural teeth. The concept of ossecointegration first described by the research group Brånemark et al. (1969). In the early 1980s Brånemark published his study that showed titanium implants placement through the gum could be integrated into the bone (osseointegrated) if left buried under the gum (submerged) for six months (Adell et al. (1981)). During the 15 years of their retrospective clinical study, the success rates of the maxilla 2 implants and the mandible 3 implants were, respectively, 78% and 86%. However, the technique by Brånemark s team 2 The maxilla is the bone of the upper jaw. 3 The mandible is the bone of the lower jaw.
2 592 M-J Wen, C-C. Tseng and C. K. Lee required two-stage implants, and, thus, implant patients needed to receive two surgeries before abutment connection causing the inconvenience of both dentists and patients as pointed out by Steenberghe and Naert (1998). Therefore, the simplified one-stage non-submerged ITI implant (International Team for Oral Implantology) was introduced by Schroeder et al. (1993), Wilson (1993) and Buser et al. (1998, 1999). The success rate of ITI implant depends on the cooperative work from teams of prosthodontist, periodontist, oral surgeon, and on occasion other dental specialties if needed. The teamwork is also the key to render a high-quality treatment to patients. The features of ITI implant include ossesointegration or so called ankylotic anchorage, usage of the grade IV commercially pure titanium, titanium plasma sprayed (TPS) surface, sandblasted, large-grit and acid-etched (SLA) surface, notably shortening patient s chair time restoration and avoiding the second surgical procedure. In an 8-year prospective clinical study by Buser et al. (1997), the overall success rate of ITI implant was 93% with 87% success rate in maxilla implants and 95% success rate in mandible implants. They have studied that the success rate of ITI implant was very high. There is no longitudinal study in Taiwan on ITI implant, all the lectures and data can only be found in other countries. Therefore, there is a demand for such a study to be conducted on Taiwanese patients. However, it would presumably increase the success rate in dental implants if any related research has been done in Taiwan (Tseng et al. (1998, 2001, 2002, 2005)). The applied life table analysis of Cutler and Ederer (1958) is a reliable statistical method to evaluate the longterm prognosis of dental implant (Buser et al. (1997)). In addition, in order to compare with results of Buser et al. (1997), we employ the same life table analysis as the Cutler and Ederer (1958) to calculate survival and success rates, respectively. Hence, this one-stage non-submerged dental implant study is to be evaluated by the life table analysis described by Cutler and Ederer (1958). In a total of 316 patients, 717 implants were consecutively inserted at Chi-Mei Medical Center from August 1997 to end of Subsequently, all consecutive implants were annually documented up to seven years. This data set belongs to type III censoring in which the subjects (implants, in our study) enter the study in different time periods (see Lee and Wang (2003), pp.2-3). The data set with descriptive statistics are described in Section 2. Methodology applied in analyzing the data is given in Section 3 followed by the results and conclusions in Sections 4 and 5. It can be concluded that one-stage non-submerged ITI implants maintain survival and success rates well above 90% for observation periods up to 7 years. 2. Data Description The data for this 7-year prospective study encompass patients receiving one-
3 Life Table Analysis of Non-submerged Dental Implant 593 stage non-submerged ITI implant since August 1997 received at Chi-Mei Medical Center in Tainan County, Taiwan. Each implant was recorded including surgical part and prosthesis part. The data collection ended in December 2005 with 316 patients receiving the implants. There are two implants was removed within 3 months due to early infection after implant surgery. One implant was removed after 6-month loading (To restore an implant into functional occlusion.). The early implant failure rate is 0.42%. During the follow-up period, 79 implants did not follow the schedule completely and came back for examination sporadically. Among the 316 patients with the average age 43.18, 171 were female (54.1%) with the average age at the time of the implant while 145 were male (45.9%) with the average age at the time of the implant. Totally, 717 ITI implants with a mean follow-up of 2.99 years received by these patients during the study. It showed that 229 (31.9%) out of the total 717 were implanted in maxilla and the rest of 488 (68.1%) were in mandible. The majority of the implants was in the rear area where teeth were more likely damaged because they were highly frequently used and were difficult to clean up. The implant positions with respect to the front teeth were divided into maxillary, mandibular, left and right area. Because of the less functionality, wisdom teeth were always extracted without implants when problems occured. The majority had 12-mm implants in length with 261 (36.4%) implants followed by 249 (34.7%) 10-mm implants. In general, 10-mm to 12-mm implants were more favorable because of the desirable results. An implant was considered a success, otherwise, a failure if there was no functional signs of pain or discomfort, inflammation or infection during the clinical examination, implant mobility, radiolucency or radiographically detectable bone loss recurrent according to Buser et al. (1997). 3. Methods The life table analysis proposed Cutler and Ederer (1958) was applied to the data. Terms and calculations are defined as follows. t i - i th time interval, i = 1,..., 7. The duration of the study is divided into 7 intervals of one year, i.e., t 1 = [0 1), t 2 = [1 2),, etc as shown in Table 1. a i - number of implants at the beginning of t i For example, there are 717 implants in [0 1) year in Table 1. b i - number of dropouts in t i The individuals left the study and failed to follow up. In Table 1, there were 11 dropouts in [0 1) year time interval.
4 594 M-J Wen, C-C. Tseng and C. K. Lee r i - number of implants at risk in t i r i = a i b i /2, where b i /2 is used as the correction factor for unaccountable dropouts. For example, there were implants under risk in [0 1) year in Table 1. S i - survival rate in t i S i = 1 n i /r i where n i is the number of failures in t i. Note that the failures are due to the peri-implant infection. For example, the survival rate in [0 1) year was 99.58% in Table 1. CS i cumulative survival rate of t i CS i = S 1 S 2 S i the cumulative survival rate of i th time interval is the product of the survival rate up to time interval i. P i successful rate in t i P i = 1 m i /r i where m i is the number of peri-implant infection in t i. For example, the successful rates of [0 1) year and [1 2) year were, respectively, 99.58% and 98.56% in Table 2. CP i cumulative successful rate of t i CP i = P 1 P 2 P i, the cumulative successful rate of i th time interval is the product of the successful rate up to time interval i. For example, the cumulative successful rates of [0 1) year and [1 2) year were, respectively, 99.58% and 98.14% in Table Results There were 2 early failures due to peri-implant infection after surgery and one implant failure in 6-month functioning loading. The early failure rate was 0.42% lower than the 0.55% rate reported by Buser et al. (1997). After 6-month functioning loading, 11 implants did not fulfill the predefined criteria of success. There were 79 (11.0%) implant dropouts, higher than the 5.4% dropout rate of the seventh year in Buser et al. s (1997) study. The reasons for our high dropout rate include patients changing dentists, financial status, and the epidemic of SARS. By the definitions of Section 3, the survival rate and the successful rate of each time interval of the 717 implants are shown in Table 1 and 2 respectively. The cumulative survival rate and the cumulative successful rate were, respectively, 99.58% and 96.13%. For the results on the implant locations, the cumulative successful rate for the 229 maxillary implants was 94.06% as shown in Table 3. The cumulative successful rate for the 488 mandibular implants was 96.83% as shown in Table 4. Contrary to Buser et al. (1997), our results did not show differences between maxillary and mandibular implants. As to the results on
5 Life Table Analysis of Non-submerged Dental Implant 595 different types of implant surface, the cumulative successful rate of the 524 SLA implants was 98.82% as shown in Table 5. The cumulative successful rate of the 193 TPS implants was 94.42% as shown in Table 6. Table 1: Life table analysis of 717 implants for survival implants Implants Failures Drop-outs Implants Survival Cumulative Interval at start during during at rate within survival t i (a i ) (n i ) (b i ) (r i ) (S i ) (CS i ) [0 1) [1 2) [2 3) [3 4) [4 5) [5 6) [6 7) Table 2: Life table analysis of 717 implants for successful implants [0 1) [1 2) [2 3) [3 4) [4 5) [5 6) [6 7) Table 3: Cumulative success rates of 229 implants in the maxilla [0 1) [1 2) [2 3) [3 4) [4 5) [5 6) [6 7)
6 596 M-J Wen, C-C. Tseng and C. K. Lee Table 4: Cumulative success rates of 488 implants in the mandible [0 1) [1 2) [2 3) [3 4) [4 5) [5 6) [6 7) Table 5: Cumulative success rates of 524 implants with SLA surface [0 1) [1 2) [2 3) [3 4) [4 5) Table 6: Cumulative success rates of 193 implants with TPS surface [0 1) [1 2) [2 3) [3 4) [4 5) [5 6) [6 7) Conclusions The survival rate and the successful rate of the 717 implants were both greater than 96% (Table 1 and 2). Comparing to the results of Buser et al. (1997) in
7 Life Table Analysis of Non-submerged Dental Implant 597 which the 7-year cumulative survival rate and the cumulative successful rate were, 96.7% and 94.3%, respectively, the cumulative successful rate in this study was higher and the cumulative survival rate was even better. The reasons may be, first, the data of Buser et al. (1997) was from 3 universities and 2 countries (so called multi-center) and the time frames of the 3 data sets were different. The results of this study should be highly reliable for one-stage non-submerged implant. Moreover, because of the advanced surgical procedures in recent years, the successful rate was presumably better. Secondly, the successful rates of maxillary and mandibular implants were both greater than 94% (Table 3 and 4), a little different in the two locations. In comparison with the cumulative successful rates of maxillary and mandibular implants in Buser et al. s (1997), respectively, 87.2% and 95.6%, the cumulative successful rate of maxillary implants in this study was better while the cumulative successful rate of mandibular implants was not much different. Thirdly, the successful rate of SLA which was adopted in our practice was higher than of TPS (Table 5 and 6). Based on our findings, the one-stage non-submerged implant of the ITI should be widely adopted in Taiwan. Therefore, this team-work approach of implant treatment is highly reliable. And, for the quality of ITI implant, we should also continuously update, follow-up and analyze the data. Acknowledgement The study was supported by grant CMFHR9255 from Chi-Mei Medical Center. References Adell, R., Lekholm, U., Rockler, B. and Brånemark, P. I. (1981). A 15-year study of osseointegrated implants in the treatment of edentulous jaw. International Journal of Oral Surgery 10, American Academy of Implant Dentistry (2007). Oral Implantology, glossary of implant terms. Journal of Oral Implantology, Supplement 1, Brånemark, P. I., Breine, U., Adell, R., Hansson, B. O., Lindstrom, J. and Olsson, A. (1969). Intra-osseous anchorage of dental prostheses. I. Experimental studies. Scandinavian Journal of plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 3, Buser, D., Belser, U. C. and Lang, N. P. (1998). The original one-stage dental implant system and its clinical application. Periodontology , Buser, D., Mericske-Stern R., Bernard, J. P., Behneke, A., Behneke, N., Hirt, H. P., Belser, U. C. and Lang, N. P. (1997). Long-term evaluation of non-submerged ITI implants. Part1:8-year life table analysis of a prospective multi-center study with 2359 implants. Clinical Oral Implants Research 8,
8 598 M-J Wen, C-C. Tseng and C. K. Lee Buser, D., Mericske-Stern R., Dula, K. and Lang, N. P. (1999). Clinical experience with one-stage non-submerged dental implants. Advanced Dental Research 13, Buser, D., Weber, H. P. and Lang, N. P. (1990). Tissue integration of non-submerged implants. 1-year result of prospective study with 100 ITI hollow-cylinder and hollow-screw implants. Clinical Oral Implants Research 11, Cutler, S. J. and Ederer, F. (1958). Maximum utilization of the life table method in analyzing survival. Journal of Chronic Disease 8, Lee, E. T. and Wang, J. W. (2003). Statistical Methods for Survival Data Analysis, 3rd Edition. John Wiley and Sons. Schroeder, A., Sutter, F., Buser, D. and Krekeler, G. (1993). Oral implantology: basics, ITI hollow cylinder system, 2 nd edition. New York Thieme Medical Publishers, Inc.. Steenberghe, D. V. and Naert, I. (1998). The first two-stage dental implant system and its clinical application. Periodontology , Tseng, C. C., Chen, Y. H. M., Pang, I. C. and Weber, H. P. (2005). Peri-implant pathology caused by periapical lesion of an adjacent natural tooth: a case report. International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants 203, Tseng, C. C., Huang, K. C., Pang, I. C. and Lee, C. H. (2001). The Soft Tissue Management in the Implantation of ITI One-stage Dental Implant. Chinese Journal Periodontology 6, Tseng, C. C., Pang, I. C., Huang, K. C., Lee, C. H., Liu, S. Y. and Wen, M. J. (2002). Clinical experience of team approach on one-stage nonsubmerged implant treatment: A up to four years follow-up. Chinese Journal Periodontology 7, (in Chinese). Tseng, C. C., Tsai, G. C. and Lee, C. H. (1998). Insertion of ITI dental implants for maxillary posterior region using osteotomies: technique and case reports. Chinese Journal Periodontology 3, (in Chinese) Wilson, T. G. (1993). ITI Dental Implants: Planning, Placement, Restoration, and Maintenance. Quintessence Pub. Received March 4, 2007; accepted May 21, 2007.
9 Miin-Jye Wen Department of Statistics National Cheng-Kung University Tainan city, Taiwan Chuen-Chyi Tseng Dental Department Chi-Mei Medical Center Tainan county, Taiwan 710 Life Table Analysis of Non-submerged Dental Implant 599 Cheng K. Lee Targeting Modeling Team Insight & Innivation Market Division Wachovia Corprate 201 S. College Street Chaolotte, NC 28244, USA
Multicenter Retrospective Analysis of the ITI Implant System Used for Single-Tooth Replacements: Results of Loading for 2 or More Years Robert A. Levine, DDS*/Donald S. Clem III, DDS**/Thomas G. Wilson
ITI Implant Use in Private Practice: Clinical Results with 5,526 Implants Followed Up to 72+ Months in Function Paul A. Fugazzotto, DDS 1 /James Vlassis, DDS 2 /Bobby Butler, DDS 3 Purpose: To evaluate
Osseo-integrated Dental Implant Policy and Guidelines 1. PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to outline the Department of Veterans Affairs (DVA) policy regarding the provision of dental implant treatment
IMPLANT DENTISTRY EXAM BANK 1. Define osseointegration. (4 points, 1/4 2. What are the critical components of an acceptable clinical trial? (10 points) 3. Compare the masticatory performance of individuals
Prosthetic treatment planning on the basis of scientific evidence. Pjetursson BE, Lang NP. J Oral Rehabil. 2008 Jan;35 Suppl 1:72-9. Faculty of Odontology, University of Iceland, Reykjavik, Iceland, and
1 Presenter: Dr. Sana Ehsen Supervisors: Dr. Farhan Raza Khan 2 A dental implant (also known as an endosseous implant or fixture) is a surgical component that interfaces with the bone of the jaw to support
Straumann Soft TiSSue Level implant System Time-tested Why a Soft Tissue Level implant? Simplicity and efficiency by integrated soft tissue management Straumann Soft Tissue Level implants have a built-in
Retrospective study on the survival rate of IBS implant Date : 30. 05. 2013 Written by : Dr. Je Won Wang, Director of research Approved by : Prof. Min Seung Ki - Contents - 1. Purpose Of Study 2. Materials
IMPLANTS The Immediate Placement of Dental Implants Into Extraction Sites With Periapical Lesions: A Retrospective Chart Review Christopher Lincoln Bell,* David Diehl, Brian Michael Bell, and Robert E.
Original Article Radiographic Vertical Bone Loss Evaluation around Dental Implants Following One Year of Functional Loading AAR. Rasouli Ghahroudi 1, AR Talaeepour 2, A. Mesgarzadeh 3, AR. Rokn 4, 5, A.
Saudi Fellowship In Dental Implant (SF-DI) Prepared and Updated by Dr. Arwa AL-Sayed Consultant Periodontics and Dental Implants M E M B E R S Dr. Arwa AL-Sayed Dr. Abdulhadi Abanmy Dr. Ali AL-Ghamdi Dr.
Vertical Ridge Augmentation Using Guided Bone Regeneration (GBR) in Three Clinical Scenarios Prior to Implant Placement: A Retrospective Study of 35 Patients 12 to 72 Months After Loading Istvan A. Urban,
Applied R e s e a r c h Survival and Success of Sandblasted, Large- Grit, Acid-Etched and Titanium Plasma-Sprayed Implants: A Retrospective Study Murray L. Arlin, DDS, FRCD(C) ABSTRACT Contact Author Dr.
Interventions for replacing missing teeth: 1- versus 2-stage implant placement (Review) Esposito M, Grusovin MG, Chew YS, Coulthard P, Worthington HV This is a reprint of a Cochrane review, prepared and
A P P L I E D R E S E A R C H A 5-Year Prospective Study of Implant-Supported Single-Tooth Replacements Leslie Laing Gibbard, BSc, BEd, MSc, PhD, DDS George Zarb, BChD, DDS, MS, MS, FRCD(C) A b s t r a
Strong teeth with prosthesis! ANKYLOS SynCone Implants for life vorher: Initial situation: The bone in the toothless jaw degenerates and the prosthesis jiggle. ANKYLOS SynCone gives you that secure feeling
Dr. Jordan Johnson Johnson Dental Associates http://www.beta.mydentalhub.com/ada/test/ (800) 947-4746 Tooth Replacement Options If you re missing one or more teeth, you may be all too aware of their importance
journal of dentistry 35 (2007) 768 772 available at www.sciencedirect.com journal homepage: www.intl.elsevierhealth.com/journals/jden Review Implants for life? A critical review of implant-supported restorations
DENTAL IMPLANTS J Oral Maxillofac Surg 67:713-717, 2009 Outcomes of Placing Short Dental in the Posterior Mandible: A Retrospective Study of 124 Cases Bao-Thy N. Grant, DDS,* Franklin X. Pancko, DDS, and
Teeth and Dental Implants: When to save, and when to extract. One of the most difficult decisions a restorative dentist has to make is when to refer a patient for extraction and placement of dental implants.
Dental Implant Options in Atrophic Jaws Orthopedic Application Jay B. Reznick, D.M.D., M.D. Diplomate, American Board of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery Tarzana, CA Endopore Dental Implant System Screw-Type
Immediate Molar Implant Placement: A Private Practice Clinical Investigation Gargiulo et al Alphonse Gargiulo, DDS, MS 1 Thomas Manos, DDS, MS 2 Mark Kolozenski, DDS, MS 3 Alex Tzanos, DDS, MSD 3 Michael
IMPLANT DENTISTRY CLINICAL SYLLABUS RESD 535 MATS H. KRONSTROM, DDS, PhD Course Director DEPARTMENT OF RESTORATIVE DENTISTRY SCHOOL OF DENTISTRY UNIVERSITY OF WASHINGTON 2008 2009 RD 535 - SCHEDULE FALL
Dental Implants A Comprehensive Explanation Overview Since the 1980s, dental implants have become more popular among dentists and patients. 1 In some clinical situations, implants may be the best treatment
Article 1 Long-Term dental Implant Survival In Fully Endentulous Patients: A 30-66 Month Follow-Up Dr. Gadi Schneider DMD, Specialist in periodontics Dr. Yoram Bruckmayer DMD Long-Term dental Implant Survival
More than an implant. A sense of trust. Straumann Dental Implant System More than an implant. A sense of trust. Patients today are more aware of their options when it comes to tooth replacement. Partner
Clinical and Laboratory Procedures for Fixed Margin Implant Abutments Dr. Carl Drago DDS, MS, American Board of Prosthodontics Director, Dental Research BIOMET 3i, Adjunct Faculty Department of Prosthodontics,
Survival Analysis of Dental Implants Andrew Kai-Ming Kwan 1,4, Dr. Fu Lee Wang 2, and Dr. Tak-Kun Chow 3 1 Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong, China 2 Caritas Institute of Higher Education, Hong
Dent. J. 2015, 3, 15-23; doi:10.3390/dj3010015 Article OPEN ACCESS dentistry journal ISSN 2304-6767 www.mdpi.com/journal/dentistry Six-Year Survival and Early Failure Rate of 2918 Implants with Hydrophobic
More than a fixed rehabilitation. A reason to smile. In combination with: Patient expectations drive dental treatments for fixed edentulous immediate restorations. Patients today have increasingly high
CDT 2016 Current Dental Terminology American Dental Association procedure codes (CDT codes) are the recognized dental codes set by the Federal Government. CDT codes are used for dental claim transactions
Curriculum Vitae Frank L. Higginbottom, D.D.S. Education Oklahoma University B.S. 1967 Baylor College of Dentistry D.D.S. 1971 Practice Staff Appointments Private Practice of Esthetics, Restorative, and
Edmond Bedrossian DDS, FACD, FACOMS, FAO Diplomate, American Board of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery Director, Implant Surgery, Alameda Medical Center & UOP School of Dentistry Professor, Department of Oral
SCD Case Study Treatment Considerations for Implant Rehabilitation Multiple surgical and restorative factors play a role in the treatment planning of implant restorations for the edentulous patient (Ali
Teeth in a Day for the Maxilla and Mandible: Case Report Thomas J. Balshi, DDS, FACP* Glenn J. Wolfinger, DMD, FACP** Abstract Background: A growing body of evidence indicates that successful osseointegration
Clinical evaluation of single-tooth mini-implant restorations: A five-year retrospective study Paolo Vigolo, Dr Odont, MScD, and Andrea Givani, MD, DDS Vicenza, Italy Statement of problem. Placement of
Immediate and Delayed Restoration of Dental Implants in Patients with a History of Periodontitis: A Prospective Evaluation up to 5 Years Jacob Horwitz, DMD 1 /Eli E. Machtei, DMD 2 Purpose: To evaluate
Straumann Dental implant system ONE SYSTEM ONE INSTRUMENT KIT ALL INDICATIONS* For all indications*! The Straumann Dental Implant System offers you and your patients efficient and esthetic implant-borne
LATERAL BONE EXPANSION FOR IMMEDIATE PLACEMENT OF ENDOSSEOUS DENTAL IMPLANTS Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery, Chisinau Abstract: The study included 10 using the split control expansion technique
DENTAL IMPLANTS Spedding Dental Clinic 73 Warwick Road Carlisle CA1 1EB T: 01228 521889 www.speddingdental.co.uk SPEDDING DENTAL CLINIC Jack Spedding is a partner in Spedding dental clinic. He is a highly
The SATURN implant by Cortex Dental Industries By Dr. Zvi Laster DMD W e P r o v e I t E v e r y D a y A case report using a newly designed implant specifically designed for immediate post-extraction loading
PREPARATION OF MOUTH FOR REMOVABLE PARTIAL DENTURES Dr. Mazen kanout Mouth preparation includes procedures in four categories: 1. Oral Surgical Preparation. 2. Conditioning of Abused and Irritated Tissue.
TRI Product NewsFlash December 2015 Study Overview 2015 Dear Partners Year in, year out, we are screening all major scientific journals to ensure that our TRI Performance Concept still reflects the latest
Understanding Dental Implants Comfort and Confidence Again A new smile It s no fun when you re missing teeth. You may not feel comfortable eating or speaking. You might even avoid smiling in public. Fortunately,
Eastman Dental Hospital Dental implants - general information for patients Department of Restorative Dentistry First published: January 2004 Last review date: March 2014 Next review date: March 2016 Leafl
DENTAL IMPLANT THERAPY PATIENT WELCOME PACK Dr. Syed Abdullah BDS, MSc (Dental Implants) What are dental implants? In the early 1950s, a Swedish Scientist, Per-Ingvar Branemark observed that titanium metal
Use of CP Titanium and Titanium alloys for Dental Implants Steve Hurson, Nobel Biocare U.S.A. Yorba Linda CA Abstract Professor Per Ingvar Branemark of Sweden published his results on 15 years of research
Dental Implant Mini-Residency Surgical Placement of Dental Implants for the Ideal Site 2015 Course Dates Friday-Saturday, April 10-11, 2015 Friday-Saturday, May 1-2, 2015 Friday-Saturday, June 5-6, 2015
IMPLANTOLOGY Dental implant is an artificial tooth root replacement and is used in prosthodontics dentistry. There are several types. The most widely accepted and successful is the osseointegrated implant.
SIC invent Diagnostics Clinically proven Surface finish Aesthetics Implants from Implantologists Laughing Predictability Implantological experience Wellbeing Schilli Implantology Circle Quality of life
Outcome Analysis of Implant Restorations Located in the Anterior Maxilla: A Review of the Recent Literature Urs C. Belser, DMD, Prof Dr Med Dent 1 /Bruno Schmid, DMD 2 /Frank Higginbottom, DMD 3 / Daniel
European Journal of Orthodontics 23 (2001) 715 731 2001 European Orthodontic Society Orthodontic aspects of the use of oral implants in adolescents: a 10-year follow-up study Birgit Thilander*, Jan Ödman*
USC Comprehensive Surgical and Restorative Implant Training Program in Hong Kong 2015-2016 USC Comprehensive Surgical and Restorative Implant Training Program in Hong Kong 2015-2016 About the Program Implants
Diploma of Oral Surgery Residency Training Program in preparation for the Fachzahnarzt in Oral Surgery Specialty Examination in the Republic of Germany Degree awarded: - Diploma of Oral Surgery - Fachzahnarzt
DENTAL FOR EVERYONE SUMMARY OF BENEFITS, LIMITATIONS AND EXCLUSIONS DEDUCTIBLE The dental plan features a deductible. This is an amount the Enrollee must pay out-of-pocket before Benefits are paid. The
PATIENT INFORM CONSENT for IMPLANT RESTORATION Rev 04.2012 Implant placement and restoration involves two major stages: surgical placement of the implant(s) followed by the restoration of the implant after
Educational Requirements & Professional GUIDELINES Approved by Council May 2013 This is replacing the document last published in August 2002. Educational Requirements & Professional The Guidelines of the
Academy of Medicine, Singapore Dental Implants in Edentulism AMS-MOH Clinical Practice Guidelines 1/2012 Aug 2012 Levels of evidence and grades of recommendation Levels of evidence Level Type of Evidence
Accelerated Patient Rehabilitation Providing The Tools Necessary For An Immediate Solution: NanoTite Implants QuickBridge Provisional Components Navigator System For CT Guided Surgery Initial Patient Presentation
Dental Implants What is a dental implant? A dental implant is called a root form titanium fixture that replaces a natural tooth. It s usually made from titanium, and is a medical device that mimics a missing
Dental Implants - the tooth replacement solution Are missing teeth causing you to miss out on life? Missing teeth and loose dentures make too many people sit on the sidelines and let life pass them by.
Implants for life 2 IMPLANTS FOR LIFE Like natural teeth Treatment with dental implants is a safe, reliable and well-proven solution for permanently replacing one or more missing teeth. Millions of people
Don t Let Life Pass You By Because Of Missing Teeth Ask For Dental Implant Solutions From BIOMET 3i Scan With Your Smartphone! In order to scan QR codes, your mobile device must have a QR code reader installed.
2009 New York University College Of Dentistry Linhart Continuing Dental Education Program Presents Current Concepts in American Dentistry: Advances in Implantology and Oral Rehabilitation International
Electronic Thesis and Dissertations UCLA Peer Reviewed Title: The Predictive Value of Resonance Frequency Analysis Measurements in the Surgical Placement and Loading of Endosseous Implants Author: Baltayan,
BASIC INFORMATION ON THE SURGICAL PROCEDURES Straumann Dental Implant System Straumann Dental Implant System The ITI (International Team for Implantology) is academic partner of Institut Straumann AG in
CONTINUING EDUCATION 2 5 THE EVOLUTION OF EXTERNAL AND INTERNAL IMPLANT/ABUTMENT CONNECTIONS Israel M. Finger, DDS, MS* Paulino Castellon, DDS Michael Block, DMD Nicolas Elian, DDS FINGER 15 8 SEPTEMBER
BIOMECHANICAL ANALYSIS OF NORMAL AND IMPLANTED TOOTH USING BITING FORCE MEASUREMENT B K Biswas 1 S Bag 2 & S Pal 3 1. Dept. of Dental Surgery, Associate Professor, KPC Medical College & Hospital, Kolkata,
Mithridade Davarpanah Serge Szmukler-Moncler Case Report Unconventional implant treatment: I. Implant placement in contact with ankylosed root fragments. A series of fivecasereports Authors affiliations:
DENTAL IMPLANTS Have you or someone you know lost a tooth? Do you have a problem tooth that may or will be lost soon? Don t feel alone. More than half of all people have lost one or more teeth. You may
Course Number: 108.2 Flapless Implant Surgery for Replacement of Posterior Teeth Authored by J. Steven Cloyd, DDS Upon successful completion of this CE activity 1 CE credit hour may be awarded A Peer-Reviewed
Good Morning DENTAL IMPLANTS DR JEBIN,MDS.,D.ICOI What is implant? A dental implant is an artificial root that replaces the natural tooth root. Crown Gum Implant Tooth Root Jawbone Parts of implant Cover
Implant Treatment FAQ IMPLANT TREATMENT: FREQUENTLY ASKED QUESTIONS WHAT ARE DENTAL IMPLANTS? Dental implants are titanium rods that are surgically placed in your jaw bone which will subsequently support
Osteotome Single-Stage Dental Implant Placement With and Without Sinus Elevation: A Clinical Report Orest G. Komarnyckyj, DDS*/Robert M. London, DDS** Forty-three sites in 16 patients were selected for
Original Article Braz J Oral Sci. October December 2010 - Volume 9, Number 4 Short implants with single-unit restorations in posterior regions with reduced height a retrospective study Jamal Hassan Assaf
Restoring quality to life. Dental implants. A naturally better solution. Patient Education Dental implants: A better treatment option. What are dental implants? Dental implants are a safe, medically proven,
DOI 10.1186/s40064-015-1569-3 RESEARCH Analysis of factors associated with maintenance discontinuation in implant patients K. Arai 1, Y. Takeda 1*, Y. Mori 1, R. Terauchi 1, T. Furumori 1, S. Tanaka 2,
Multidisciplinary Management of Congenitally Missing Teeth with Osseointegrated Dental Implants: A Long-Term Report Xiu Lian HU 1, Jian Hui LI 1, Jia LUO 1, Li Xin QIU 1, Ye LIN 1 Objective: To describe
Conjoint Programme In Implant Dentistry HKSPID - ADC Ltd. Proven Techniques and New Developments in Partially Edentulous Patients By Prof. Dr. Daniel Buser, Switzerland 3 July 2014, Thursday at LT1, Prince
Replacement of the upper left central incisor with a Straumann Bone Level Implant and a Straumann Customized Ceramic Abutment by Dr. Ronald Jung and Master Dental Technician Xavier Zahno Initial situation