l.;iif::u-fm':" Brick covered steel framework constructions Palazzo della Rinascente by Giulio de Angelis, Rome, Italy ( ) ,.11..

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "l.;iif::u-fm':" Brick covered steel framework constructions Palazzo della Rinascente by Giulio de Angelis, Rome, Italy (1886-1887) ,.11.."

Transcription

1 Proceedings of the First International Congress on Construction History, Madrid, 20th-24th January 2003, ed. S. Huerta, Madrid: I. Juan de Herrera, SEdHC, ETSAM, A. E. Benvenuto, COAM, F. Dragados, Brick covered steel framework constructions Palazzo della Rinascente by Giulio de Angelis, Rome, Italy ( ) Paolo Verducci «The true significance of the "turning-point" of the 19th century», states Edoardo Benvenuto, <<liesin the shift of attention from the geometrical form of the construction to the mechanical properties of its materials. There are two predominant aspects in this shift of interest from the engineers and scientists of the polytechnic schools in the early 19th century, compared to the old science des ingénieurs: the first is the concentration of attention on the mechanical properties of material s and theirfulfilling of needs; the second aspect lies in a new interpretation of building s from which we can perceive the traces of more or less elementary structures.\ Within this «shift of interest», the separation of the external covering from the internal structure of the building became the preferred area of research in the study of «heavy and light» which lasted for most of the 20th century, up until the arrival of contemporary High- Tech constructions. Therefore the study of 19thcentury building s in which the function of the external brickwork was to pad, insulate and protect against fire whilst iron was used as a purely structural element, takes us back to the origins of construction techniques, ignoring their aesthetic or formal implications. It also helps us to understand the reasons which led the Modern Movement to take the liberation of the bearing structure from its external covering2 as its main field of research between architecture and new technologies. ' To better understand the aspiration to this continuous external covering, extensive and self- supporting, a screen free from any direct implication with the structural frame, one uses the term «curtainwall» taken from the renowned manual, Cyclopedia of Architecture, Carpentry and Building (Chicago, 1907). Curtain walls, or rather those erected between iron or steel uprights and which bear no weight but their own, are only as thick as is necessary to protect the outside of the building and sustain the upper walls. In the case of skeleton constructions or those in which all the walls like other parts of the building are supported by steel or iron uprights, the walls need only be thick enough to protect the building and its structure from atmospheric elements unless they are Figure1 «La Rinascente» in an old photograph l.;iif::u-fm':",.11..

2 2076 P. Verducci also required to stiffen and brace the building. Outer walls can be made of brick, concrete, architectural terracotta or other material chosen according to the building's location, local usage of materials, the experience of the builders and the influence of unions in the given arca. The walls on each floor of a skeleton structure are self supporting and can be considered curtain-walls.4 However, according to the School of Chicago, walling must serve not only the purpose of protecting the building from the elements and bracing the structure, but it must also guarantee protection against fire. «The subject of slightness of the mechanical structure», states Giovanni Fanelli, «becomes more complicated in the 1870s due to the new fire safety law brought into use after the great fire of Chicago in it stated that metal should be covered by a protective coating. As a result of the new legislation the early 1870s saw a return to brickwork structures as opposed to traditional fa ;ade structures. Often in brickwork structures beams and bay partition posts are made of iron and cast iron, the internal structure is made up of coated metal elements.5 What about in Europe? From looking at these early uses we can see that for the first time it was possible to plan a building by breaking it down into two clearly defined parts; the internal body in iron, and the outer shell in brickwork. In Europe Viollet-Ie-Duc wrote in volume II of Conferences that, «a good architect could quite 10gically conceive the idea of creating a vast, completely iron structure [... ] protecting it with a stone shell». This separation however, also led to a separation of doctrines: the structural engineers on the one hand and the architects on the other. Speaking of this separation Riccardo Gulli states «the conceptual distinction between the structural organism and its shell, as noted by Eugene Viollet-]e-Duc and perfected by Auguste Perret, was given form thanks to the inventive capacity of Le Courbusier; this sequence of events led to the exploration of new aspects of architecture, freeing it from the parallels imposed between form and framework but at the same time also leading to an increasingly obvious divide and specialisation of skilis: stability and security checks on the part of the engineers, the responsibility of the quality of planning on that of the architects»6 Figure 2 Inaugural poster Among the first examples of brick covered cast iron structures is the cotton mill by Philipp and Lee in SaIford, Manchester, built in «The construction of this factory», according to Giedion, «was of primary importance to the history of modern construction [... I The first building, planned or constructed, to have an internal metallic structure -cast iron columns and beams enclosed within external brick walls, like the mechanisms of a watch inside its case7 However, apart from perfecting constructive elements, the introduction of brick covered steel framework constructions became a technological model to be followed and improved in all utilitarian fields. For example in the French Library by Henri Labrouste, the refined iron supporting structure is contained within a box of wall

3 Brick covered steej framework constructions Palazzo deha Rinascente 2077 with the marked aim of contrasting the lightness of the iron structure with the heaviness of the walls.in fact, as Roberto Gargiani states, <<In Labrouste' s preliminary projects he lays out a brick constructive system both for the casing, including ceilings, and for the supporting structure; in the two rooms on the ground floor this is made up of a wall ribbed by perpendicular parting walls, in the vestibule there are two pillars and in the reading room on the first floor there are 14 pillars surmounted by arches». It is not until later that Labrouste modifies these plans, substituting the line of central columns with iron columnsh in order to obtain a better balance between iron technology (light) and brickwork technology (heavy). Among the examples of late 19th century Italian buildings with an iron bearing structure covered by brickwork, pride of place must go to Giulio De Angelis' Palazzo deha Rinascente built in Via del Corso in Rome between 1886 and Following restauration work in 1974, the Office of Fine Arts and Antiquity stated that, «The Rinascente building shows the first use of of a bearing skeleton structure in metal with glass walls... and other Figure 3 Detail 01' a cast-iron capital Figure 4 Ground floor plan. Original version (before renovation and the addition of the escalators) innovations of 19thcentury Roman architecture». The plans for this building were laid out for a competion consequently won by Giulio De Angelis9 and Sante Bucciarelli. Construction work was carried out by the Mora and Bossi firm and began on lyh December In 1886 the Bocconi warehouse plans were presented to the Buildings Committee (on which the same De Angelis sat, but on that occasion was absent) and were approved despite the fact that the height of the building was above that permitted by building regulations of that time. Following its sitting on 20th March 1886 the city councillo gave the following statement: «Regarding the plans submitted by Mr. Ferdinando Bocconi for the construction of the building that he intends to carry out on the plot Iying between Via del Tritone, Via del Pozzo and Via San Claudio, the Buildings Committee has come to the opinion that the excessive height of the building is of no consequence due to the special nature and impressive size of the building. The City Council has therefore come to the conclusion that the Buildings Committee's proposal should be accepted and grants licence to the aforementioned project». About four months later, in a letter dated 1" June 1886, Ferdinando Bocconi put forward the names of architects Giulio De Angelis and Sante Bucciarelli as heads of construction at Palazzo della Rinascente. The site was an area of land measuring approximately 1000 m2 and had been reclaimed from

4 2078 P. Verducci Figure 5/6 Seclion and elevation. Original version the demolition of a building found close lo Palazzo Chigi, it cost the then exorbitant sum of Lire 900,000. However, according lo Renato Lefevre, «The Bocconi brothers knew what they were doing and paid httle attention to the cost of laying out such an imposing structure, neither did they allow themselves to be influenced by historic or environmental constraints. They brought their work to life based upon a style and technique that were then considered avant-guard: the interna] structure had a completely innovative air thanks to the use of the large Renaissance style round arched loggias which gave Ihe immediate impression of visible communication between Ihe internal and the external and an absolute prevalence of emptiness over heaviness». II The economic reasons mentioned above a]ong with the dimensions of the plot, which was actually a trapezium measuring 30.2 m by 28.3 m by 30.3 m by 27.9 m, heavily contributed to the typological solution of the building: in a relatively compact space they had to create an area dedicated to sales and another dedicated to production. Speaking of Palazzo della Rinascente, Romano Jodice cjaims that "ils typological and spatial characteristics can also be found in its contemporaries such as the Parisian department stores of the 1870s and 80s, particularly in Boileau, Moisant and (possibly) Eitlel's Bon Marche ( , Rue de Sevres) and more so in Printemps by Paul Sedille who began work in 1881 in Boulevard Hausmann and finished in 1885 but by 1883 had already completed a good part of its construction. It is from Printemps that Palazzo della Rinascente took inspiration for its metallic wall decorations which have now all but disappeared».12 AJmost in contradiction to the distinct separation (which is very evident from outside the building) created between the sales area (pubjic) and the production area (private), De Angelis then introduced a highly unifying element to his work: a large, open, central space measuring 9.45 m by 8.85 m, covered by a skylight around which he arranged a perfectly symmetrical array of cast iron columns. Despite being incoherent with the style of the time, this arrangement allowed for people to see and indeed be seen from each tloor, it al so allowed light from above to be evenly dispersed to each leve!. In contrast it is perfectly adapted to the current use of the building. This great central opening, without doubt the most interesting idea even from a commercial point of view, was characterised by the varying decorative motifs on the cast iron pillars. Portoghesi states that, «the designs on the pillars vary according to each floor and follow a pattern of simplistic decoration on the Jower floors, growing increasingly more complex towards the higher tloors. Systematic alterations to these decorative eiements and the radical transformation of the ground floor have profoundly altered the original aspect of the

5 Brick covered steel framcwork constructions Palazzo deha Rinascente ~ Figure 7/8 Section and elevation of the central space before the 1974 restoration The opening of the «industrial palace» at the end of the century in U mbertine Rome, was a clamorous event. The fierce regulatory debate, the construction and labour crises, Crispi's political war and indeed that against him, even the mournful war in Africa, ajl this was momentarily swept aside. The importance of this great event was ratified by the presence of King Umberto himself. Referring to the various articles which appeared in the press of that time, Renato Lefevrel6 reported; «Come down from his Victoria and accompanied by his field assistant Cavalier Caccianino, the sovereign was received by brothers Ferdinando and Luigi Bocconi, governor Oddo Giambartolomei, the architect authors ol' the project, and by governors fram Milan, Palermo, Genoa, Turin and Naples who had gathered in Rome for the occasion. It was a scrupulously planned visit, lasting about an hour and not without a number ol' questions regarding the commercial characteristics of the firm, its technical innovations, its administrative organisation and even the welfare measures it took for its numerous employees. «1 wish upon this welldeserving house all the good fortune and business of its inspiring force, Paris' 80n Marche», dec1ared Umberto 1 to the applause of the crowd». Later, changing technical-productive conditions, increasing sales and the need for more office space meant that the building had to be exploited to the fui!. Eventually more storeys were added and in more recent times its renovation saw the addition of elevators and modern lifts. To conc1ude, despite the inspiration it took from the aforementioned French models and indeed other European examples, the Palano della Rinascente is nontheless without doubt a highly advanced piece 01' work compared to its Italian counterparts, both on an architectural and technological level. The relationship between its outer covering and its internal structure of cast iron pillars is testimony to the research that went into the rapport between light and heavy, something that, as stated at the beginning of this essay, covered a large part of the Modern Movement up to its fading contemporaries. warehouse, but we can still see the simplicity and legibility of the static organism and the graduation of the influx of light which remains unaltered on each 1100r thanks to the size of the openings which decrease the higher up the levels you go».ij NOTES 1. Benvenuto, E.. La ScienZi1 delle CostruÚoni ed ii SIlO svi/uppo storico, Sansoni Editore, Florence 198J. «New

6 2080 P. Verducci "characters"», states Benvenuto, «truly become the protagonists: in particular, tension and deformation, to which safety limits must be sel. The considerably longer season of the previous science of building was instead marked by other preeminent problems: for example that of guaranteeing a composition of elements -such as the stones of a masonry structure, of an arch or 01'a domethat would prevent the onset 01' kinematic motion. Because 01' this, in the past the geometric form of the building was the protagonist of the structure; the compositional inventiveness and the static compatibility were two inseparable constituents 01' a single design process. Now instead the use 01'metallic materials, made available in great quantity, allows a certain "Iiberation" 01' formal variables, dominating unusual static designs». According to Semper, originally the architectural shell consisted of hanging fabrico With the advent 01'masonry structures the image of a shell composed solely offabric was lost, and was translated into the outer covering. The glass shell, with the wall eliminated, stands conceptually as the solution 01' the origins». Semper writes in Der Std, «in all 01'the Germanic languages the word wall (Wand), which has the same root and the same substantial meaning as dress (Gewand), recalls the ancient origin and the typology of the enclosing of space». (Semper G., Der Stil in den technischen und tektonischell KÜllsten oder praktische Asthetik. Eill Halldbuck für Techlliker, KÜllstler und KUllstfreunde, vo!. 1, Frankfurt am Main 1860, vo!.li, Munich Verducci, P., Il progetto dell'immuteriule, il percorso della trasparenzu nella storia, nei materiali e nelle tecnologie, edizione Galeno-Margiacchi, Perugia 1997, p. 9. The history of the Modern Movement, for example, can be seen also as the history 01' the progressive «emptying» and «breaking dowo» of the sheathes the easl-iron pilasters of the building fa<;ades not only provides protection against fires, but also helps to stiffen the structure and to conneet the parts. Fanelli, G. and Gargiani, R., Storia dell'architettura colltemporanea, Editori laterza, Bari 1998, p. 4. «The tendency to make offiee buildings taller and tallen>, says Giovanni Fanelli, «will make it necessary to sheath the pilasters not only to eomply with the fireproofing regulations, but also to counter the action of the wind, stiffening the strueture». Sullivan would develop the eompositional and structural ideas of the Marshall Field Wholesale Store in his works at the end of the Nineties (Auditorium and Walker Warehouse ). Giovanni Fanelli remarks, «The architectural designs that mark a pinnacle in structural and formal experimentation in terms of a homogeneous frame are the Wainwright Building (SI. Louis) by Sullivan and the Fair Store (Chieago) by Le Baron Jenney, both built in ». The pursuit of tectonic solidity and lightness of material s would be achieved by Sullivan in the construction of the Carson, Pirie and Scolt stores, in which the rarefaetion of the external curtain wall in order to obtain a progressive reduction in the structural elements of the fa~ades would foreshadow by several decades the glass shell completely separated from the load-bearing strueture of the building. Gulli, R., Métis e techne, Gli strumenti del progetto per la manutenzione e il recupero della cifta storica, Edieom edizioni, Monfalcone 2000, p. 28. Gulli says, «A ditlerentiation that extends progressively beyond the spaee marked by buildings with reinforced concrete or steel frames; in this separation a clear cultural dicholomy has taken shape which has lead to making a distinction, even with masonry construction, of that 4. brick or stone box in which the abstraction process 01' architectural elements has made possible a type 01' architecture that we can call «immaterial», composed only 01'surfaces, lines, planes: «in short, we can say that the Modern Movement created the possibility 01' an architecture made of pure geometric signs». The process 01' breaking down and dematerializing the briek or stone box as an altempt at attaining a lighter and more transparent architecture has also broughl about the dividing of the building into two distinct parts: the internal organism and the external shel!. American Technical Socicty, edited by, Cyclopedia of Architecture, CllIpentry, a/1(1 Building, Chicago 1907 (1916), vo!. V, pp. 149, 150. The first example 01' a metallic I"rame covered in masonry and extending also to lhe fa<;ade is found in the Home Insurancc Building (Chicago 1884) by William Le Baron Jenney, demolished unfortunately in In lhe Home Insurance Building the brickwork that 7. which pertains exclusively to the structural engineer and that which instead falls within the competenee of the designen>. Giedion, S., Spazio, Tempo e Architettura, Hoepli Editore, Milan 1984, pp Giedion praises the undertaking in heroic tones, lamenting the faet tha! with the passing of time this undertaking, which was «truly extraordinary for the builders of the time», has been virtually forgotten. Jt seems thal 1 beams were used for the first time ever in this faclory built in Salford, and that the Seottish engineer William Fairbairn praised this as the first example of the intuitive knowledge of the most efficient form, well be[ore it was demonstrated with calculations. The Salford experiment, latel' observed by Fairbairn in 1854 and cited by Giedion, «was al the vanguard 01" the method of fireproof construction that now characterizes the industrial areas of this eountry. For a quarter of a century this spinning mili was a model for similar buildings. From 180 I to

7 Brick covered stccl framework constructions Palazzo della Rinascente no changes 01"any consequence werc made to the shapc of the beams». Gargiani, R., «Henri Labrouste. ornamento e costruzione nella biblioteca Sainte Genevieve a Parigi ( »>, in Casabella, no. 645, Elemond editorc, p. 62. Gargiani observes, <<The proportions of the slender columns no longer follow the canons of the architectural order, of which only the ornamentation remains, but are derived I"rom the calculation of the resistance 01'a cast-iron piei. The Galilean and Lodolian logic 01"the constructive truth 01'material s, which in the early decades 01' the 1800s was undermining al so the Vitruvian myth 01' the metamorphosis 01' the tree trunk into a marble column, prevails over the criterion 01' imitation, producing a new hierarchy of orders depending on the materials: the order 01"wood, the order of stone, and, with Labrouste, the order 01' metaj,>. Miano, G., Figure e voci per la cittá capitale, «Architetlura e Urbanistica-Rorl/a Capita[e 1870-/9//, uso e trwjórrl/az!one della citta storicw>, Marsilio Editore, pp «De Angelis's works are known», says Giuseppe Miano, «and are I"ound in all 01" the treatises on architecture in Rome regarding those years. Thus a biographical reconstruction 01" his lil"e is necessary, even il"only in outlinc. Dc Angelis was born in Rome in 1850 and died in Anzio on March 14, 1906, although he did not grow up in Rome, having spent most of his youth in Perugia. [... J De Angelis always remained closely tied to Perugia and its Academy, such that on March 9, 1876, allhe age 01"just lwenty-six, he was named honorary professor. His early training in Perugia was decisive, as was equally the completion of his sludies al lhe Polilecnico 01"Milan, arter 1866, the year in which he participated in Garibaldi's military campaign, despite being only sixteen years old. At lhe Politeenico he had the opportunity to gain considerable knowledge in the field 01"engineering; in particular, he must have approached the new teehnologies 01" iron, whieh would charaeterize his mature works». Al'ter working on a number 01' projects in Perugia (the barracks of the carabillieri and partieipation in lhe renovation of the Morlaeehi theater), De Angelis moved permanently to Rome, where he built the house 01" Ruggero Bonghi, then the Minister 01' Edueation. The Bonghi villa in the Macao quarter, defined one of the most interesting of the period, allowed him to obtain a eertain renown, such that «besides being visited and reeeiving praise, as in the case 01'Mengoni and Boito, it was admired also by the Marquis Selvatico, a true authority on 19t1'-eentury art in Italy and the master of Boito». Later De Angelis, by now established in Rome, ereated one of his most inleresting works: the renovation 01"the Sciarra Gallery and the building of the edifice between Via delle Muratte and Via Minghetti. In this period metallie structural elements and cast-iron columns produced by thc Barbieri foundry of Castelmaggiore made their appearanee, and would beeome characteristie of his I"uture designs. In 1886, after winning a eompetition together with Sante Bueeiarelli, he planned his most famous work: the Magazzini Bocconi. In the same period he also designed the head offiee of the 1'01'010 ROrl/allo newspaper in Via Due Macelli for Costanzo Chauvet ( ) of Piedmont. In lhe last part 01'his eareer, it seems that he substituted his professional activities with a certain inclination to aeeept public appointments. >From 1889 to 1895 De Angelis sat in faet as a councilor in the municipal eouneil of Rome. He ended his eareer (dying at just fifty-six years of age) as the director 01' the teehnical office for lhe preservation 01"monuments in the city and provinee of Rome and in the provinces of L' Aquila and Chieti, in the period, ancl he supervised lhe restoration 01' important Roman monuments, including the Thermae of Caraeal1a. 10. The file on the Rinaseente building can be eonsulted at the Archivio Capitolino ícapitoline Archives) in Rome íprt. Gen Titolo ). In particular, by consulting the minutes once can sense the unanimous consenl of the Building Commission in approving he greater height 01' the building in regard to the Code in force at the time. Also worthy 01' note is the speed with whieh the projeet was approved. The plan was presented by MI. Ferdinando Boceoni on February 5, 1886, and the building permit was issued on March 20, 1886 (about a month a half later). In fact, Fcrdinando Bocconi himsc1f appea1ed to the Mayor of Rome, Duke Torlonia, in order to «... urgently obtain the relative approvaj,>. Later, on February 18, 1886, the plan was presented again in order to obtain slight modifications. Three drawings are enclosed: the plan of the ground floor in 1: l 00 scale; the fronl elevation in 1:100 seale, andlhe section of the interior in 1:100 seale. 11. Lefevre, R., «Roma palazzo industriale dei Fratelli Boeconi», in Stremw dei Romallisti. Natale di Roma /975, Staderini s.p.a., Rome 1975, p Renalo Lcfevre observes, «Tt is particularly interesting to reread, almost ninety years later, the ncws reports of the time and al so the advertisemenls in Deeember 1887 which announced, in block letters, the opening of the great retail establishment -Saturday evening, December lo, 1887, at 8:30 a.m.. Inauguration- (by invitation) -01' the Industrial Building- to the Cities of Italy-Boeeoni Brothers -Sunday 11, I"rom 12:00 to 3:00 p.m. and from 6:00 to 9:00 p.m.- Open to publie visils-inside the building -Monday 12- sales opening. 12. Jodiee, R., Carchitettura del Ferro, l'ltulia 1796-/9/4, Bulwni Edilore, Rome 1985, p Jodice comrnents, «While the Scdille's Grands Magazins seems to furnish

8 2082 P. Verducci a plausible source of inspiration as regards its neo- Renaissance loggia design, in its overal1 architectural physiognomy the Rinascente building possesses an expressive, figurative and spatial dignity of unquestionable value which puts it among the greatest achievements in Italian architecture of the period and amply justifies its current status as a protected building established by the Superintendence of Ancient Monuments and Fine Arts». 13. Portoghesi, P., L'eclettismo a Roma /922, De Luca, Rome 1967, p. 56. Portoghesi states, «for the architect, the use of cast iron is not a starting point for a new constructive synthesis, but rather an unusual pretext for increased ornateness; it is a bril1iant solution to a particular problem, that of the il1uminating of the store envisaged, in a concept that was gaining ground, as space in direct contact with the outside, projected toward the street with intentions of both an advertising as wel1 as a city-planning nature». Furthermore, as concerns the relationship between the iron structure and the masonry covering, he says, «There is ajuxtaposition of two structures, one light and one ostentatiously massive, which coexist one inside the other, following a plan that could be connected with that of certain medieval windows in which the vibrant lacework of the mullioned openings function as a simple diaphragm within the strong frame of the arch».

The Chicago School AD 1880-1900... 1 2 Sites available for construction became increasingly rare and more expensive. Particularly true of the economic and administrative centres in the USA and, in particular,

More information

RENOVATION AND RESTORATION OF OLD BUILDINGS IN SRI LANKA

RENOVATION AND RESTORATION OF OLD BUILDINGS IN SRI LANKA 234 Abstract RENOVATION AND RESTORATION OF OLD BUILDINGS IN SRI LANKA Eng. Nandana Abeysuriya B.Sc. Eng (Hons), M.Eng.,C.Eng.,FIE(SL), Int PE(SL) 1A, Ananda Road, Melder Place, Nugegoda, Sri Lanka. Tel/Fax:

More information

IED Florence Fashion Stylist, Summer course

IED Florence Fashion Stylist, Summer course IED Florence Fashion Stylist, Summer course The professional figure I The stylist is the professional figure that within the communication system of fashion is in charge with the choice of the garments

More information

Romanesque Architecture. European Churches 1000-1200

Romanesque Architecture. European Churches 1000-1200 Romanesque Architecture European Churches 1000-1200 Romanesque Architecture The term "Romanesque" means like Roman. It refers to the architecture of the 11th and 12th centuries in medieval Europe to Roman

More information

Two-Year Post-Professional Degree (Path A) MASTERS OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN & URBANISM (MADU) With a Concentration in Classical Architecture

Two-Year Post-Professional Degree (Path A) MASTERS OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN & URBANISM (MADU) With a Concentration in Classical Architecture Two-Year Post-Professional Degree (Path A) MASTERS OF ARCHITECTURAL DESIGN & URBANISM (MADU) With a Concentration in Classical Architecture ARCH 61011 Introduction to Architectural Representation 0 TOTAL

More information

CONSERVATION REPORT. for the. FOUNTAIN IN THE GARDEN between VIALE TIZIANO and VIA FLAMINIA

CONSERVATION REPORT. for the. FOUNTAIN IN THE GARDEN between VIALE TIZIANO and VIA FLAMINIA CONSERVATION REPORT for the FOUNTAIN IN THE GARDEN between VIALE TIZIANO and VIA FLAMINIA 1 Historical background The fountain is located in the garden between viale Tiziano and via Flaminia, in the neighborhood

More information

Architecture After the Industrial Revolution

Architecture After the Industrial Revolution Architecture After the Industrial Revolution The Industrial Revolution began in England in the eighteenth century and quickly spread across Europe and North America. New technology and inventions transformed

More information

MODERN CONCRETE PANELS make your interior look different. visit our website www.loftsystem.com Loft Concrete Collection 2015

MODERN CONCRETE PANELS make your interior look different. visit our website www.loftsystem.com Loft Concrete Collection 2015 TM MODERN CONCRETE PANELS make your interior look different visit our website www.loftsystem.com Loft Concrete Collection 2015 Your projects need unique style? Loft Concrete lighter than you think! TM

More information

Chiara Berichillo. As printed in Fumi 1891b: 118. 2. For the references see Munaretto and Batinti 2007: 59.

Chiara Berichillo. As printed in Fumi 1891b: 118. 2. For the references see Munaretto and Batinti 2007: 59. Chiara Berichillo THE SMALL CENTRE OF PIEGARO AND ITS ANCIENT LINKS WITH GLASS PRODUCTION The small village of Piegaro, of medieval origins, rises among the green hills of Umbria in the western part of

More information

Glossop Design & Place Making Strategy

Glossop Design & Place Making Strategy Supplementary Planning Document to the High Peak Local Plan June 2011 Design Brief for the Town Hall Complex GILLESPIES I GERALD EVE Reproduced from the Ordnance Survey map with the permission of Ordnance

More information

ARCHITETTO ANDREA FERRARO

ARCHITETTO ANDREA FERRARO ARCHITETTO ANDREA FERRARO Via F. Baldinucci n. 3-20158 Milano - Italia Tel. (+39).02.56.81.43.93 r.a. - Fax (+39) 02.56.94.110 e-mail: architetto@andreaferraro.it www.architettoferraro.com CAREER AND PROFESSIONAL

More information

Building Construction. Lightweight construction. Conventional Construction

Building Construction. Lightweight construction. Conventional Construction Ventilation 53 Building Construction The firefighter s ability to safely and efficiently ventilate a building through its roof will depend to some degree on the firefighter s understanding of roof construction.

More information

For Historically Designated Homes & Buildings

For Historically Designated Homes & Buildings Ninth Street Historic Park Acknowledgements This project was paid for in part by a State Historical Fund grant from the Colorado Historical Society. The contents contained herein do not necessarily reflect

More information

Concrete Arch Bridges

Concrete Arch Bridges Concrete Arch Bridges The advent of modern concrete technology fostered a renaissance of arch bridge construction in the United States. Stone arch bridges constitute an important chapter in American bridge

More information

BROWNSVILLE STRUCTURES STUDY. July 2012. Prepared by. LDA ARCHITECTS 33 Terminal Way, Suite 317 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219 1208

BROWNSVILLE STRUCTURES STUDY. July 2012. Prepared by. LDA ARCHITECTS 33 Terminal Way, Suite 317 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219 1208 BROWNSVILLE STRUCTURES STUDY July 2012 Prepared by LDA ARCHITECTS 33 Terminal Way, Suite 317 Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania 15219 1208 TABLE OF CONTENTS I. SUMMARY OF BUILDING ANALYSIS.. 1 II. INDIVIDUAL BUILDING

More information

SCHEMATIC AND PROJECT BUDGET APPROVAL EAST CAMPUS NURSING EDUCATION AND CLASSROOM

SCHEMATIC AND PROJECT BUDGET APPROVAL EAST CAMPUS NURSING EDUCATION AND CLASSROOM Shepherd University Board of Governors June 9, 2005 Agenda Item No. 9 SCHEMATIC AND PROJECT BUDGET APPROVAL EAST CAMPUS NURSING EDUCATION AND CLASSROOM In 1994 construction began on the Byrd Science and

More information

The Art of Ancient Rome

The Art of Ancient Rome The Art of Ancient Rome By the end of the sixth Century BC, under Etruscan rule, Rome became the largest and richest city in Italy. The Romans, however, were not happy under Etruscan rule, and in 509 BC

More information

SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT OR SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE NOTICE TO PROPERTY OWNER

SUBSTANTIAL IMPROVEMENT OR SUBSTANTIAL DAMAGE NOTICE TO PROPERTY OWNER NOTICE TO PROPERTY OWNER Rebuilding your Home after the storm? Adding on, renovating, or remodeling your home? Here's information YOU need to know about the 50% Rule. If your home or business is below

More information

65 RORIE STREET NORTHERN ELECTRIC BUILDING HISTORICAL BUILDINGS COMMITTEE

65 RORIE STREET NORTHERN ELECTRIC BUILDING HISTORICAL BUILDINGS COMMITTEE 65 RORIE STREET NORTHERN ELECTRIC BUILDING HISTORICAL BUILDINGS COMMITTEE 18 DECEMBER 1984 65 RORIE STREET NORTHERN ELECTRIC BUILDING This building is presently enjoying a new lease on life as the Rorie

More information

REXA DESIGN S UNICO BATHTUBS

REXA DESIGN S UNICO BATHTUBS REXA DESIGN S UNICO BATHTUBS at Mamilla Hotel In Jerusalem and Conservatorium Hotel In Amsterdam, designed By Piero Lissoni PRESS OFFICE CONVERSAZIONI Via San Francesco 3 50014 FIESOLE (Fi) Italy! Tel

More information

Cable Building HABS No. ILL-1003 57 East Jackson Boulevard at Wabash Avenue Chicago Cook County Illinois

Cable Building HABS No. ILL-1003 57 East Jackson Boulevard at Wabash Avenue Chicago Cook County Illinois # Cable Building HABS No. ILL-1003 57 East Jackson Boulevard at Wabash Avenue Chicago Cook County Illinois HABS ILL, 16-CHIG, PHOTOGRAPHS WRITTEN HISTORICAL AND DESCRIPTIVE DATA i \- i < # Historic American

More information

THE SKYSCRAPER AND THE SUBURB

THE SKYSCRAPER AND THE SUBURB THE SKYSCRAPER AND THE SUBURB THE CHICAGO MIRACLE In 1830 there were probably more pigs than houses in Chicago: its population was about 300. 1850 population: 29,963 (570.3% increase from 1840) 1860 population:

More information

Contents. Introduction 4. Joseph-Michel Montgolfier 7. Louis Blériot 19. Charles Lindbergh 31. Amelia Earhart 45. Amy Johnson 59.

Contents. Introduction 4. Joseph-Michel Montgolfier 7. Louis Blériot 19. Charles Lindbergh 31. Amelia Earhart 45. Amy Johnson 59. Contents Introduction 4 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier 7 Louis Blériot 19 Charles Lindbergh 31 Amelia Earhart 45 Amy Johnson 59 Glossary 73 Joseph-Michel Montgolfier 1740 1810 the man who helped humans to fly

More information

201 WATER STREET FORWARDERS MUSEUM AND VISITORS INFORMATION CENTRE

201 WATER STREET FORWARDERS MUSEUM AND VISITORS INFORMATION CENTRE STRUCTURAL INSPECTION REPORT DRAFT 201 WATER STREET FORWARDERS MUSEUM AND VISITORS INFORMATION CENTRE TOWN OF PRESCOTT Date: November 2013 GENIVAR No.: 131-20617-00 2611 Queensview Drive, Suite 300, Ottawa,

More information

8 EXTRA LIGHT GRC SANDWICH ELEMENTS FOR ROOFING IN INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS

8 EXTRA LIGHT GRC SANDWICH ELEMENTS FOR ROOFING IN INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS 8 EXTRA LIGHT GRC SANDWICH ELEMENTS FOR ROOFING IN INDUSTRIAL BUILDINGS MARICA DELLA BELLA and DIEGO CIAN Precompressi Centro Nord S.p.A., Italy SUMMARY: Secondary roofing elements, complementary to the

More information

Elevating Your House. Introduction CHAPTER 5

Elevating Your House. Introduction CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER 5 Elevating Your House Introduction One of the most common retrofitting methods is elevating a house to a required or desired Flood Protection Elevation (FPE). When a house is properly elevated,

More information

An ordinance pertaining to the Maya Angelou Birthplace, located at 3130 Hickory Street (the

An ordinance pertaining to the Maya Angelou Birthplace, located at 3130 Hickory Street (the 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 BOARD BILL NO. 76 INTRODUCED BY ALDERWOMAN MARLENE DAVIS, ALDERMAN TERRY KENNEDY ALDERMAN MARLENE DAVIS, ALDERMAN TERRY KENEDY, ALDERMAN FREEMAN

More information

Richmond Memorial Civic Center Rehabilitation Project

Richmond Memorial Civic Center Rehabilitation Project Project Overview Summary: The Project restored what Architectural Forum magazine described as the first modern Civic Center built in any American city to its original glory. This 1940s Pflueger design

More information

Repair and Remodeling Estimating Methods. 4th Edition. RSMeans

Repair and Remodeling Estimating Methods. 4th Edition. RSMeans Brochure More information from http://www.researchandmarkets.com/reports/2214808/ Repair and Remodeling Estimating Methods. 4th Edition. RSMeans Description: This estimating guide for repair and remodeling

More information

EUROPASS DIPLOMA SUPPLEMENT

EUROPASS DIPLOMA SUPPLEMENT EUROPASS DIPLOMA SUPPLEMENT TITLE OF THE DIPLOMA (ES) Técnico Superior en Proyectos de Edificación TRANSLATED TITLE OF THE DIPLOMA (EN) (1) Higher Technician in Construction Projects --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

ARCHITECTURE 101. This is a reading is designed to give architectural empowerment and increases your comfort using building vocabulary.

ARCHITECTURE 101. This is a reading is designed to give architectural empowerment and increases your comfort using building vocabulary. ARCHITECTURE 101 How many times have you tried to describe a building to someone and ended up saying, And it has one of those curly thingamajigs under the eave? This is a reading is designed to give architectural

More information

FAMOUS ARTISTS SERIES: FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT (1867-1959) Architecture

FAMOUS ARTISTS SERIES: FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT (1867-1959) Architecture Revised March 2012 FAMOUS ARTISTS SERIES: FRANK LLOYD WRIGHT (1867-1959) Architecture Supplies needed: * Framed image of Coonley Window from art gallery and framed image of Robie House stored in the Art

More information

The image of the Institutions: creating an audiovisual archive of the Italian Parliament Giovanni Gifuni

The image of the Institutions: creating an audiovisual archive of the Italian Parliament Giovanni Gifuni The image of the Institutions: creating an audiovisual archive of the Italian Parliament Giovanni Gifuni 1. The century of images One of the most frequently quoted definitions of the twentieth century

More information

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT FOR LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAME SYSTEM

STRUCTURAL CONCEPT FOR LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAME SYSTEM Chapter 9 STRUCTURAL CONCEPT FOR LIGHT GAUGE STEEL FRAME SYSTEM 9.1 BACKGROUND Steel is widely used in the construction of multi-storey buildings. However, steel construction is seldom used and is traditionally

More information

A SHORT HISTORY OF CHURCH BUILDING

A SHORT HISTORY OF CHURCH BUILDING A SHORT HISTORY OF CHURCH BUILDING From its beginning, a critical part of Christianity has been the gathering of people worshipping together. By virtue of this activity, the place where they worship has

More information

HOUSE BUILDING DIGEST

HOUSE BUILDING DIGEST HOUSE BUILDING DIGEST (Construction Specifications-Foundations) Creating Enabling Environment for Affordable Housing for All This is an attempt by BMTPC to provide useful but often ignored information

More information

mitesco acoustic panelling

mitesco acoustic panelling mitesco acoustic panelling about mitesco caimi brevetti Founded in 1949, Caimi Brevetti S.p.A. is one of the main design-oriented production realities in Europe in the sector of furniture and furnishings

More information

APPLICATION OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) FOR ENERGETIC REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS. Elena Gigliarelli

APPLICATION OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) FOR ENERGETIC REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS. Elena Gigliarelli APPLICATION OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) FOR ENERGETIC REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS Elena Gigliarelli Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (ITABC) Built Heritage

More information

Mapping the Studio Artists from the François Pinault Collection Architecture: Tailor-Made Tours

Mapping the Studio Artists from the François Pinault Collection Architecture: Tailor-Made Tours Mapping the Studio Artists from the François Pinault Collection Architecture: Tailor-Made Tours PARTNER ISTITUZIONALE Palazzo Grassi San Samuele 3231 30124 Venezia Punta della Dogana Dorsoduro 2 30123

More information

Conservation of Historic Buildings in Hong Kong LAM Sair-ling, Senior Property Services Manager, Architectural Services Department, HKSAR

Conservation of Historic Buildings in Hong Kong LAM Sair-ling, Senior Property Services Manager, Architectural Services Department, HKSAR INTRODUCTION Building conservation requires particular expertise and care because historic monuments are significant and invaluable heritage of our culture that once lost or damaged cannot be replaced.

More information

MAJOR LEARNING OUTCOMES ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING 1ST CYCLE PROGRAMS GENERAL ACADEMIC PROFILE

MAJOR LEARNING OUTCOMES ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING 1ST CYCLE PROGRAMS GENERAL ACADEMIC PROFILE MAJOR LEARNING OUTCOMES Faculty: Major: Course level: ARCHITECTURE ARCHITECTURE AND URBAN PLANNING 1ST CYCLE PROGRAMS GENERAL ACADEMIC PROFILE Positioning of major in the study area The major in Architecture

More information

18 Application of GRC Curved Sandwich Panels with EPS Core and Exterior Finish

18 Application of GRC Curved Sandwich Panels with EPS Core and Exterior Finish 18 Application of GRC Curved Sandwich Panels with EPS Core and Exterior Finish Jiang Yonghai Nanjing Beilida, China Summary: GRC curved sandwich panels, which mainly consist of GRC facing layer, GRC rear

More information

Getting married in Florence

Getting married in Florence Getting married in Florence Salone de Cinquecento Sala Rossa Sala di Lorenzo Sala Consiliare Sala della Carità Giardino delle Rose Sala Rossa Palazzo Vecchio, piazza della Signoria 1 This historical room

More information

EIFS Design Flexibility Durability Converts Warehouse into Office Space

EIFS Design Flexibility Durability Converts Warehouse into Office Space EIFS Design Flexibility Durability Converts Warehouse into Office Space Strength and Beauty Revived in Old Structure Case Study Schuler Books, Grand Rapids, Mich. The Construction Challenge Renovating

More information

MANAGEMENT PLAN STONE BAY RIFLE RANGE HISTORIC DISTRICT MCB CAMP LEJEUNE

MANAGEMENT PLAN STONE BAY RIFLE RANGE HISTORIC DISTRICT MCB CAMP LEJEUNE MANAGEMENT PLAN STONE BAY RIFLE RANGE HISTORIC DISTRICT MCB CAMP LEJEUNE This management plan is to be used in association with procedures outlined in Chapter of the Historic Buildings Management Handbook.

More information

INTERIOR SPACES HOME AND ART Perpignan 26 January, 2006 Barcelona 27 & 28 January 2006

INTERIOR SPACES HOME AND ART Perpignan 26 January, 2006 Barcelona 27 & 28 January 2006 INTERIOR SPACES HOME AND ART Perpignan 26 January, 2006 Barcelona 27 & 28 January 2006 Faculty of Architecture & Town Planning Technion Israel Institute of Technology Technion city, Haifa, 32000, Israel

More information

I.T.I.S. «GALILEO GALILEI» PRESENTS ROME

I.T.I.S. «GALILEO GALILEI» PRESENTS ROME I.T.I.S. «GALILEO GALILEI» PRESENTS ROME Welcome to Rome Welcome to Rome! With this presentation we are going to describe some of the most important monuments in Rome, most of which we are going to visit

More information

OPTIMAL DIAGRID ANGLE TO MINIMIZE DRIFT IN HIGH-RISE STEEL BUILDINGS SUBJECTED TO WIND LOADS

OPTIMAL DIAGRID ANGLE TO MINIMIZE DRIFT IN HIGH-RISE STEEL BUILDINGS SUBJECTED TO WIND LOADS International Journal of Civil Engineering and Technology (IJCIET) Volume 6, Issue 11, Nov 215, pp. 1-1, Article ID: IJCIET_6_11_1 Available online at http://www.iaeme.com/ijciet/issues.asp?jtype=ijciet&vtype=6&itype=11

More information

SECTION 3 ONM & J STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS

SECTION 3 ONM & J STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS Historic Boynton Beach High School Existing Building Assessment City of Boynton Beach February 10, 2011 SECTION 3 ONM & J STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS SPECIAL INSPECTORS STRUCTURAL CONDITION

More information

Technical Notes 3B - Brick Masonry Section Properties May 1993

Technical Notes 3B - Brick Masonry Section Properties May 1993 Technical Notes 3B - Brick Masonry Section Properties May 1993 Abstract: This Technical Notes is a design aid for the Building Code Requirements for Masonry Structures (ACI 530/ASCE 5/TMS 402-92) and Specifications

More information

Interview. Interview by Thomas Caron

Interview. Interview by Thomas Caron Interview Interview by Thomas Caron In your artistic practice you carry out in-depth research into the relationship between matter and void. Would you give us a brief explanation of this? It s true that

More information

THE ACOUSTIC DESIGN OF THE NEW DRAMA HOUSE FOR THE ROYAL THEATRE IN COPENHAGEN

THE ACOUSTIC DESIGN OF THE NEW DRAMA HOUSE FOR THE ROYAL THEATRE IN COPENHAGEN THE ACOUSTIC DESIGN OF THE NEW DRAMA HOUSE FOR THE ROYAL THEATRE IN COPENHAGEN A C Gade B Mortensen Gade & Mortensen Akustik A/S, Charlottenlund, Denmark,acg@gade-mortensen.dk Gade & Mortensen Akustik

More information

The Zig Zag Building Victoria Street, London, SW1

The Zig Zag Building Victoria Street, London, SW1 The Zig Zag Building Victoria Street, London, SW1 The Zig Zag Building Victoria Street, London, SW1 Client: Land Securities Scope: Lead Design Architectural Services (CMT & Novated) Type: Offices, Retail,

More information

Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic

Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic Ministry of Culture of the Slovak Republic Act No. 49/2002 Z.z. of 19 December 2001 on the protection of monuments and historic sites, as amended by Act No. 479/2005 Z.z. and Act No. 208/2009 Z.z. The

More information

Olilo's AEC Design Services. SrinSoft Inc, Partners of

Olilo's AEC Design Services. SrinSoft Inc, Partners of Olilo's AEC Design Services SrinSoft Inc, Partners of Olilo provides design services that include design and analysis, cost estimation, 3D modeling, 2D drafting, conversion from 2D to 2D, quantity take-off,

More information

>1@$UFKLWHFWXUHDFRXVWLFVPHDVXUHPHQWVDQGGHVLJQDFKXUFK DQGDQDXGLWRULXP

>1@$UFKLWHFWXUHDFRXVWLFVPHDVXUHPHQWVDQGGHVLJQDFKXUFK DQGDQDXGLWRULXP 7KHQG,QWHUQDWLRQDO&RQJUHVVDQG([SRVLWLRQRQ1RLVH&RQWURO(QJLQHHULQJ -HMX,QWHUQDWLRQDO&RQYHQWLRQ&HQWHU6HRJZLSR.RUHD $XJXVW >1@$UFKLWHFWXUHDFRXVWLFVPHDVXUHPHQWVDQGGHVLJQDFKXUFK DQGDQDXGLWRULXP First Author:

More information

RESIDENTIAL MASONRY A BEST PRACTICES GUIDE

RESIDENTIAL MASONRY A BEST PRACTICES GUIDE RESIDENTIAL MASONRY A BEST PRACTICES GUIDE Build With Brick Build With Boral CONTENTS BRICK :01 MASONRY CEMENT :03 MASONRY SAND :04 WALL TIES :05 STEEL LINTELS :07 DRAINAGE WALL SYSTEM :09 FLASHING :11

More information

- Late listed building consent for retention of 6 replacement windows - Late listed building consent for the retention of 1 replacement door

- Late listed building consent for retention of 6 replacement windows - Late listed building consent for the retention of 1 replacement door Argyll and Bute Council Planning & Regulatory Services Delegated or Committee Planning Application Report and Report of handling as required by Schedule 2 of the Town and Country Planning (Development

More information

GUIDELINES FOR REHABILITATION OF TRADITIONAL COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS DESIGN GUIDELINES

GUIDELINES FOR REHABILITATION OF TRADITIONAL COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS DESIGN GUIDELINES GUIDELINES FOR REHABILITATION OF TRADITIONAL COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS DESIGN GUIDELINES PAGE 13 DESIGN GUIDELINES The following design guidelines have been developed to guide appropriate design in the Downtown

More information

Baroque Architecture. Arch 225

Baroque Architecture. Arch 225 Baroque Architecture Arch 225 Baroque Architecture is the building style of the Baroque era, begun in late 16th-century Italy, that took the Roman vocabulary of Renaissance architecture and used it in

More information

DESIGNERS GUIDE TO DOMESTIC CONSERVATORIES

DESIGNERS GUIDE TO DOMESTIC CONSERVATORIES WBCA 403 DESIGNERS GUIDE TO DOMESTIC CONSERVATORIES A guide to assist those intending to install or who are involved in installing conservatories. Includes information about: conservatory and component

More information

Oklahoma State University Donald W. Reynolds Architecture Building Stillwater, Oklahoma

Oklahoma State University Donald W. Reynolds Architecture Building Stillwater, Oklahoma Oklahoma State University Donald W. Reynolds Architecture Building Stillwater, Oklahoma DESIGN ARCHITECT OSU SCHOOL OF ARCHITECTURE FACULTY TEAM, Stillwater, OK ARCHITECT OF RECORD STUDIO ARCHITECTURE,

More information

4B-2. 2. The stiffness of the floor and roof diaphragms. 3. The relative flexural and shear stiffness of the shear walls and of connections.

4B-2. 2. The stiffness of the floor and roof diaphragms. 3. The relative flexural and shear stiffness of the shear walls and of connections. Shear Walls Buildings that use shear walls as the lateral force-resisting system can be designed to provide a safe, serviceable, and economical solution for wind and earthquake resistance. Shear walls

More information

The Building Trades Protection Act

The Building Trades Protection Act 1 BUILDING TRADES PROTECTION c. B-8 The Building Trades Protection Act Repealed by Chapter S-15.1 of the Statutes of Saskatchewan, 2013 (effective April 29, 2014) Formerly Chapter B-8 of The Revised Statutes

More information

APPLICATION OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) FOR ENERGETIC REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS

APPLICATION OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) FOR ENERGETIC REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS APPLICATION OF THE ANALYTIC HIERARCHY PROCESS (AHP) FOR ENERGETIC REHABILITATION OF HISTORICAL BUILDINGS Elena Gigliarelli 1 Institute for Technologies Applied to Cultural Heritage (ITABC) Built Heritage

More information

Building Work Contractors Act 1995

Building Work Contractors Act 1995 Version: 21.11.2015 South Australia Building Work Contractors Act 1995 An Act to regulate building work contractors and the supervision of building work; and for other purposes. Contents Part 1 Preliminary

More information

DESIGNING A RESTORATION PROGRAM FOR THE BOMA A HISTORIC BUILDING IN BAGAMOYO, TANZANIA.

DESIGNING A RESTORATION PROGRAM FOR THE BOMA A HISTORIC BUILDING IN BAGAMOYO, TANZANIA. Tanzania: Juliery Kagya Mtobesya DESIGNING A RESTORATION PROGRAM FOR THE BOMA A HISTORIC BUILDING IN BAGAMOYO, TANZANIA. 1.0 INTRODUCTION During the period of 1850-1910 Bagamoyo was marked with trade in

More information

PRESERVATION PLANNING ASSOCIATES 519 Fig Avenue, Santa Barbara, CA 93101 Telephone (805) 450-6658 Email: accole5@yahoo.com

PRESERVATION PLANNING ASSOCIATES 519 Fig Avenue, Santa Barbara, CA 93101 Telephone (805) 450-6658 Email: accole5@yahoo.com PRESERVATION PLANNING ASSOCIATES 519 Fig Avenue, Santa Barbara, CA 93101 Telephone (805) 450-6658 Email: accole5@yahoo.com June 17, 2015 Ms. Kimberley Heaton McCarthy Supervising Planner Building and Safety

More information

Texas Main Street. Design Services: Case Studies from Main Street Cities

Texas Main Street. Design Services: Case Studies from Main Street Cities Texas Main Street Design Services: Case Studies from Main Street Cities 1717 7 th, Fat Grass Restaurant, Bay City Rendering Key Recommendations from Texas Main Street Design Center After removal of the

More information

DRITTO. design Piero Lissoni

DRITTO. design Piero Lissoni DRITTO design Piero Lissoni DRITTO by P. Lissoni. 02 DRITTO by Piero Lissoni for Salvatori Dritto, designed by Piero Lissoni for Salvatori, is a table with sleek lines, an impressive project, crafted to

More information

COLUMN-FREE OFFICE SPACE RISES IN CHICAGO S LOOP

COLUMN-FREE OFFICE SPACE RISES IN CHICAGO S LOOP COLUMN-FREE OFFICE SPACE RISES IN CHICAGO S LOOP 30 x45 bay provides maximum tenant flexibility and increases leasing marketability By David E. Eckmann AIA, S.E. P.E. SURGING DEMANDS FOR RENTABLE OFFICE

More information

Achieving high quality building conservation outcomes:

Achieving high quality building conservation outcomes: TECHNICAL LEAFLET Achieving high quality building conservation outcomes: A basic guide for local government and heritage building owners Introduction It is essential that conservation work is well planned

More information

Le Frie La Rue des Juliennes, St Pierre du Bois Joint Sole Agent Local Market Sales Sitting room, dining room, kitchen/breakfast room, 4 bedrooms,

Le Frie La Rue des Juliennes, St Pierre du Bois Joint Sole Agent Local Market Sales Sitting room, dining room, kitchen/breakfast room, 4 bedrooms, La Rue des Juliennes, St Pierre du Bois Price: 1,700,000 Joint Sole Agent Local Market Sales Sitting room, dining room, kitchen/breakfast room, 4 bedrooms, bathroom, separate WC, attic room. Attached coach

More information

BOOTH DESIGN RULES NEW! mgerald@eventsdc.com

BOOTH DESIGN RULES NEW! mgerald@eventsdc.com BOOTH DESIGN RULES All exhibits must conform to the dimensions outlined below in order to assure ease of movement of participants and clear lines of visibility in the exhibit hall. For more information

More information

EUROPEAN HERITAGE DAYS

EUROPEAN HERITAGE DAYS EUROPEAN HERITAGE DAYS 29-30 september 2012 PROGRAM Museo Napoleonico Napoleonic Map Making: The Maps of Italy of Bacler d Albre 1798-1802 guided tour (h 10:00) Guided tour by Fabio Benedettucci Piazza

More information

Brussels, 4 September 2001. European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research - COST - Secretariat ------- COST 279/01

Brussels, 4 September 2001. European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research - COST - Secretariat ------- COST 279/01 European Cooperation in the field of Scientific and Technical Research - COST - Secretariat ------- Brussels, 4 September 2001 COST 279/01 DRAFT MEMORANDUM OF UNDERSTANDING Subject : Draft Memorandum of

More information

Villa La Massa Friends of Art A Taste of Renaissance in Florence

Villa La Massa Friends of Art A Taste of Renaissance in Florence Villa La Massa Friends of Art A Taste of Renaissance in Florence From Monday, September 21st to Friday, September 25th, 2015 Villa la Massa: Villino building on the Arno Villa la Massa: the Medicean Hall

More information

TAX APPRAISAL DISTRICT OF BELL COUNTY STORES & COMMERCIAL IMPROVEMENT CLASSIFICATION GUIDE

TAX APPRAISAL DISTRICT OF BELL COUNTY STORES & COMMERCIAL IMPROVEMENT CLASSIFICATION GUIDE TAX APPRAISAL DISTRICT OF BELL COUNTY STORES & COMMERCIAL IMPROVEMENT CLASSIFICATION GUIDE 1/22/2008 1 STORES & COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS 1. General Construction Class Descriptions 2. Types a. Class A - Fireproofed

More information

company profile via Ma co n 3 0-2 3 9 0 0 L e c c o - t e l 0 3 4 1. 2 8 2 0 8 1 f a x 0341.287303 - t h l c@tecn o h a b i t a t.

company profile via Ma co n 3 0-2 3 9 0 0 L e c c o - t e l 0 3 4 1. 2 8 2 0 8 1 f a x 0341.287303 - t h l c@tecn o h a b i t a t. company profile 2012 T e cn o H a b i t a t s. p. a. se d e l e g a l e : v i a B a t t a g l i a 2 2-2 0 1 2 7 M i l a n o - t e l 0 2. 2 6 1 4 8 3 22 f a x 02.26145697 - thmi@ t e c n o h a b i t a t.

More information

Truss Fabrication with Light Gage Steel Framing

Truss Fabrication with Light Gage Steel Framing FROM THE FOUNDATION Truss Fabrication with Light Gage Steel Framing By Richard H. Kapp, P.E. Note: Italicized portions contributed by Brad Beczkalo. See article, p. 15. L ight gage steel trusses have been

More information

R&S. August 2014 Prepared by RandS Associated Srl. 1. Introduction

R&S. August 2014 Prepared by RandS Associated Srl. 1. Introduction Building Engineer UK Registration Board n.075077h Design and Access Statement for Application for Planning Permission for demolition of a garage and construction of an extension to an existing Victorian

More information

Chapter Three. What s In A Freehand Drawing that the Modeling Tool Should Recognize

Chapter Three. What s In A Freehand Drawing that the Modeling Tool Should Recognize 30 Chapter Three What s In A Freehand Drawing that the Modeling Tool Should Recognize This chapter discusses what features of a 2-D freehand drawing that a 3-D computer modeling tool should recognize and

More information

Development of Chinese Light Steel Construction Residential Buildings

Development of Chinese Light Steel Construction Residential Buildings Development of Chinese Light Steel Construction Residential Buildings Sanyuan Shi & Juan Yu Hebei University of Engineering, Handan 056038, China E-mail: yujuanhbgcdx83@163.com Abstract Building systems

More information

REFERENCE PROJECTS. Hotel Pierre Milan. B4 Boscolo Hotel Milan

REFERENCE PROJECTS. Hotel Pierre Milan. B4 Boscolo Hotel Milan Hotel B4 Boscolo Hotel Milan Hotel Ines Cattolica Hotel Pierre Milan Town House Street Duomo Milan MAIN SERVICES Design Style advice Special production runs, even inlow quantities Product sample and sample

More information

Scope of EN 1090-1 Clarification Document

Scope of EN 1090-1 Clarification Document Scope of EN 1090-1 Clarification Document This document has been submitted to the European Commission as the UK view on the scope of EN 1090-1. After discussions, including with the European Technical

More information

Master Degree in Civil Engineering at the University of Bari (1970) 1994 present: Full Professor in Urban Planning Techniques, Polytechnic of Bari

Master Degree in Civil Engineering at the University of Bari (1970) 1994 present: Full Professor in Urban Planning Techniques, Polytechnic of Bari DINO BORRI Correspondence Dipartimento di Architettura e Urbanistica Politecnico di Bari Via Orabona, 4 70125 BARI (ITALY) Tel. +39 0805963843 Fax. +39 0805963348 Permanent Address Via de Rossi 16 Bari

More information

Construction Technologies Career Field Pathways and Course Structure

Construction Technologies Career Field Pathways and Course Structure Courses in Structural Systems (DD) Construction Technologies Career Field Pathways and Course Structure PATHWAY COURSES SUBJECT CODE Construction Technology-Core and Sustainable Construction 1 178000 Carpentry

More information

Industrial Suburban District Regulations City of St. Petersburg City Code Chapter 16, Land Development Regulations

Industrial Suburban District Regulations City of St. Petersburg City Code Chapter 16, Land Development Regulations 16.20.110 - Industrial Suburban District ( IS ) Figure REFERENCE Typical Buildings in the IS District Figure REFERENCE Site Plan of a typical development in the IS District Sections: 16.20.110.1 Composition

More information

Bachelor Diploma Exam in Architecture Engineering

Bachelor Diploma Exam in Architecture Engineering Bachelor Diploma Exam in Architecture Engineering History of Town Planning: 1. The legacy of ancient Greek and Hellenistic town planning in Europe. 2. The legacy of Forum Romanum and Imperial Fora in later

More information

Mark Cramer Inspection Services, Inc.

Mark Cramer Inspection Services, Inc. Mark Cramer Inspection Services, Inc. 492 Twentieth Avenue, Indian Rocks Beach, FL 34635-2970 (727) 595-4211 Fax (727) 596-7583 Certified Member #12085 American Society of Home Inspectors Construction

More information

Tasting the Landscape

Tasting the Landscape www.ifla2016.com info@ifla2016.com Città di Torino Host city AIAPP Associazione Italiana Architettura del Paesaggio Il Presidente Nazionale Anna Letizia Monti presidente@aiapp.net Segreteria Via San Niccolò

More information

HISTORICAL MAP IMAGES SOURCES ARCHIVES THE PLURAL ROOTS OF INTESA SANPAOLO. www.group.intesasanpaolo.com

HISTORICAL MAP IMAGES SOURCES ARCHIVES THE PLURAL ROOTS OF INTESA SANPAOLO. www.group.intesasanpaolo.com Archivio Storico Intesa Sanpaolo Via Morone 3-20121 Milano archivio.storico@intesasanpaolo.com Direction Francesca Pino Coordination Paola Chiapponi Barbara Costa Historical research and texts Alessandro

More information

Residential Window Replacement Design Guidelines

Residential Window Replacement Design Guidelines Residential Window Replacement Design Guidelines Community Development Department Planning Division This page intentionally left blank Residential Window Replacement Design Guidelines 2 Table of Contents

More information

FLOORS REINFORCEMENT Shear Stud Connector for steel- concrete composite structures cold applied by pins

FLOORS REINFORCEMENT Shear Stud Connector for steel- concrete composite structures cold applied by pins www.tecnaria.com FLOORS REINFORCEMENT Shear Stud Connector for steel concrete composite structures cold applied by pins HIGHPERFORMANCE FLOORS COMPOSITE STEEL AND CONCRETE STRUCTURES: STATIC AND ECONOMIC

More information

New proposals for static consolidation of a damaged monument in Ani

New proposals for static consolidation of a damaged monument in Ani New proposals for static consolidation of a damaged monument in Ani Lorenzo JURINA, 1 (1) A.B.C. Department, Politecnico di Milano, Italy lorenzo.jurina@polimi.it Preface The ancient city of Ani represents

More information

Trinomial NRHP Status Code 3CS Other Listings Review Code Reviewer Date Page 1 of 6 *Resource Name or #: (Assigned by recorder) 1101 Sutter Street

Trinomial NRHP Status Code 3CS Other Listings Review Code Reviewer Date Page 1 of 6 *Resource Name or #: (Assigned by recorder) 1101 Sutter Street HRI # PRIMARY RECORD Trinomial NRHP Status Code 3CS Other Listings Review Code Reviewer Date Page 1 of 6 *Resource Name or #: (Assigned by recorder) 1101 Sutter Street P1. Historic name of building (if

More information

WINDOWS. Application Guidelines

WINDOWS. Application Guidelines WINDOWS Application Guidelines Repair, Restoration and Rehabilitation Sash and Frame Replacement (including Master Plans ) Storm Windows New or Modified Openings The Landmarks Preservation Commission (LPC)

More information

Fry Instant Word List

Fry Instant Word List First 100 Instant Words the had out than of by many first and words then water a but them been to not these called in what so who is all some oil you were her sit that we would now it when make find he

More information

Renaissance Architecture, Civil Engineering and Design from Brunelleschi to Leonardo and Michelangelo Spring Semester 2015 Francesco Vossilla Ph.D.

Renaissance Architecture, Civil Engineering and Design from Brunelleschi to Leonardo and Michelangelo Spring Semester 2015 Francesco Vossilla Ph.D. Renaissance Architecture, Civil Engineering and Design from Brunelleschi to Leonardo and Michelangelo Spring Semester 2015 Francesco Vossilla Ph.D. Between the 14th and the 16th centuries, European humanists

More information