Introduction to Discounted Cash Flow and Project Appraisal. Charles Ward


 Ronald Maxwell
 4 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 Introduction to Discounted Cash Flow and Project Appraisal Charles Ward
2 Company investment decisions How firms makes investment decisions about real projects (not necessarily property) How to decide which projects should be accepted/rejected. What discount rate to use What cash flows to include
3 What is a firm? We take as our base, a company with shares listed on the stock market. The company is owned by shareholders The company can borrow money by issuing bonds (paying interest) The directors of the company take decisions to make the shareholders better off
4 What is a project? Typically firms have cash which they want to invest They should invest in projects that make a profit Good projects should make their shareholders most profit Good projects should make their shareholders wealthy Examples: Buying a new machine, building a new factory, taking over another company, eliminating an unsuccessful division.
5 Financial analysis In order to analyse the financial position of a firm or individual We require Value of CASH FLOWS Time at which we receive or pay out the cash An interest rate to bring the cash flows back to the present time
6 How do we measure benefit? Project A Invests 100 NOW and sells 100 and 150 during years 1 and 2 respectively. Other annual costs = 25 Project B Invests 100 NOW and sells 50 and 225 during years 1 and 2 respectively Other annual costs = 25
7 Profit A reported Year 1 Year 2 (Investment 100) Depreciation Other costs Sales Profit 25 75
8 Profit B reported Year 1 Year 2 (Investment 100) Depreciation Other costs Sales Profit
9 Cash flows for A and B T=0 T=1 T=2 Firm A 100 Costs Sales NCF Firm B Costs Sales NCF
10 Differences Cash Flows not profit Assets bought give rise to negative cash flows but are not costs In accounting terms, asset use is reflected in cost= depreciation Depreciation is not a cash flow Accounts are for periods, financial analysis uses points in time
11 Review 1 A company builds luxury houses. It takes on a contract to build a house in London for 400 million. The contract will take 2 years to complete. The costs are 200 million in year 1, 200 million in year 2. The buyer pays a deposit of 50 million at the start of the contract and 100 million at the beginning of year 2 and the balance at the end of year 2. Draw up the balance sheet of the company at the end of year 1.
12 Review 2 One theory of company behaviour is called Agency theory which suggests that the directors of the company will seize opportunities to benefit themselves at the expense of shareholders by perks and personal benefits such as large company cars/planes/country house retreats What will be the result of such action? How would you stop it? (Threatening murder is not an acceptable answer).
13 We use Expected Cash Flows Accountants adjust profits (a) (b) (c) to be conservative: Not wanting to count chickens before they are hatched. on realisation of events not the receipt of cash: Sales occur when delivered or invoiced, not when paid. Provide for known problems: bad debts
14 Given the expected cash flows We can discount them at an appropriate rate to arrive at an Net Present Value (NPV)
15 The Net Present Value (NPV) Rule Net Present Value (NPV) = Total PV of future CF s + Initial Investment Acceptance Criteria: Accept if NPV > 0 (on the assumption that finance will always be available for good projects) Ranking Criteria: Choose the highest NPV
16 Consequences of NPV Suppose firm (10 million shares with market price of 2) takes on project with NPV of 2 million. NPV rule implies that share price will rise from 2 to 2.20 on the decision being publicised
17 The Internal Rate of Return (IRR) Rule IRR: the discount rate that sets NPV to zero Minimum Acceptance Criteria: Accept if the IRR exceeds the required return. Ranking Criteria: Select alternative with the highest IRR possibly Disadvantages: IRR may not exist or there may be multiple IRR Problems with mutually exclusive investments Biased towards short term projects Advantages: Easy to understand and communicate
18 WORKED EXAMPLES: PROJECTS S & B Consider two simplified projects: Year Project S ( m) Project B (3m) Both last exactly three years, have an initial investment in year zero (today) and generate income at the end of years 1 to 3 The cashflows in each year are net cashflows, that is income less any costs In property a net cash flow is sometimes called the net operating income
19 NPV at various discount rates rate NPV (S) NPV(B) 0.0% % % % % % % % % % %
20 % 5.0% 10.0% 15.0% 20.0% 25.0% 30.0% IRR (S) = 17.92%, IRR (B) = 16.06%
21 NPV & IRR: TOWARDS AN EXPLANATION Consider Project S. We must pay out 150 now Suppose we can borrow this at 10% We ll use our income to repay the debt End of Year One: Debt = 150(1.1) = 165 Repay 50 from income: Debt = = 115 End of Year Two: Debt = 115(1.1) = Repay 75 from income: Debt = = 51.5 End of Year Three: Debt = 51.5(1.1) = Income = 88. Repay debt leaving surplus of The present value of this surplus is X = x (1.1) 3 So X = This is the NPV at 10%
22 Project S continued Suppose we borrowed 150 at 17.92% At end of year 1, we owe and pay off with the CF of 50 At end of year 2, we owe and pay off with CF of 75 At end of year 3, we owe 88 and pay off with CF of 88 = no Surplus IRR = the maximum amount we could pay on financing the project
23 DECISION MAKING RULES NPV Discount the project cashflows at the firm s target rate. If the NPV is positive, accept the project. (ii) If choosing between projects, pick the project with the higher NPV IRR Calculate project s IRR. If this exceeds the firm s target rate, the project is acceptable. If choosing between projects, the IRR may give misleading results.
24 DECISION MAKING Target Rate usual suspects: cost of capital, opportunity cost (returns on other assets), risk free rate (= time preference & anticipated inflation) & risk premium reflecting uncertainty of cashflow Evaluating single conventional investment projects NPV and IRR rules are identical. If project has a POSITIVE NPV at the Target Rate then the IRR MUST be greater than the NPV. A project with a positive NPV adds wealth that is, the value of future cashflows, properly discounted, is greater than the outlay today. When comparing two mutually exclusive projects, NPV and IRR MAY GIVE DIFFERENT ANSWERS. To preview the NPV is the correct answer
25 MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE PROJECTS Year Project X ( m) Project Y ( m) X Y Decision Select Y Select Y Do neither IRR 17% 16%??? X
26 MUTUALLY EXCLUSIVE PROJECTS  2 Project X has the higher IRR Project Y generates the higher 10% and 15% The issue is scale of investment Project X has outlay of 1,000 Project Y has outlay of 3,000 How to deal with the IRR issue Generate a third project that is doing Y rather than doing X
27 Using the IRR with mutually exclusive projects If Y not X has an acceptable IRR then accept Y Time X Y Y not X IRR 17.0% 16.4% 16.1%
28 NONCONFORMING CASHFLOWS A conforming cashflow has one sign change Nonconforming c/flow has >1 sign change This example has two sign changes. It has two IRRs IRR1 = 11.21% IRR2 = 25% Between those two rates, the NPV is positive Time CF
29 Other issues The scale of investment and the impact on the firm. Are there budgetary constraints? What happens if another project comes along? The timings of cash flows in particular in relation to the firm s liabilities. If the cash flows are 34 years ahead, can we wait that long? Relative risk are the projects of the same type? Should we be using the same target rate of return? A firm may have different hurdle rates for different classes of projects? Confidence in the cash flow forecasts this is really risk again, but how sure are you of the costs and incomes used in the analysis?
30 Incremental Cash Flows Sunk costs are not relevant Opportunity costs do matter. Side effects matter. Erosion and cannibalism are both bad things. More difficult issues include Overhead costs and other indirect costs.
Paper F9. Financial Management. Fundamentals Pilot Paper Skills module. The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants
Fundamentals Pilot Paper Skills module Financial Management Time allowed Reading and planning: Writing: 15 minutes 3 hours ALL FOUR questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted. Do NOT open this paper
More information1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales revenue 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600 1,600
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2011 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) Year 1 2 3 4 5 6 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales revenue 1,600
More informationFundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9. Section A. Monetary value of return = $3 10 x 1 197 = $3 71 Current share price = $3 71 $0 21 = $3 50
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2014 Answers Section A 1 A Monetary value of return = $3 10 x 1 197 = $3 71 Current share price = $3 71 $0 21 = $3 50 2
More informationWhy Use Net Present Value? The Payback Period Method The Discounted Payback Period Method The Average Accounting Return Method The Internal Rate of
1 Why Use Net Present Value? The Payback Period Method The Discounted Payback Period Method The Average Accounting Return Method The Internal Rate of Return Problems with the IRR Approach The Profitability
More informationCHAPTER 7: NPV AND CAPITAL BUDGETING
CHAPTER 7: NPV AND CAPITAL BUDGETING I. Introduction Assigned problems are 3, 7, 34, 36, and 41. Read Appendix A. The key to analyzing a new project is to think incrementally. We calculate the incremental
More informationFundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2008 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of weighted average cost of capital (WACC) Cost of equity Cost of equity using capital asset
More informationCash flow before tax 1,587 1,915 1,442 2,027 Tax at 28% (444) (536) (404) (568)
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2014 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of NPV Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 5,670 6,808 5,788 6,928 Variable
More informationPart 7. Capital Budgeting
Part 7. Capital Budgeting What is Capital Budgeting? Nancy Garcia and Digital Solutions Digital Solutions, a software development house, is considering a number of new projects, including a joint venture
More informationPaper P1 Performance Operations Post Exam Guide September 2011 Exam. General Comments
General Comments Performance on this paper was better than in previous sittings mainly as a result of improved performance in Sections A and B. Candidates scored better on average in the multiple choice
More informationtutor2u Cash Management How and Why Businesses Need to Manage their Cash AS & A2 Business Studies PowerPoint Presentations 2005
Cash Management How and Why Businesses Need to Manage their Cash AS & A2 Business Studies PowerPoint Presentations 2005 Importance of Cash (1) A business can exist for a while without making profits but
More informationInvoice Factoring Earn More Money Win More Sales Get More Customers Run Your Business More Effectively
Invoice Factoring Earn More Money Win More Sales Get More Customers Run Your Business More Effectively Change Capital USA Tel: 954 399 1024 www.changecapitalusa.com INVOICE FACTORING WHAT IS IT? Invoice
More informationA guide to business cash flow management
A guide to business cash flow management Contents 01. Cash flow management 01 02. Practical steps to managing cash flow 04 03. Improving everyday cash flow 06 04. How to manage cash flow surpluses and
More informationDecember 2013 exam. (4CW) SME cash and working capital. Instructions to students. reading time.
1 December 2013 exam (4CW) SME cash and working capital Instructions to students 1. Time allowed is 3 hours and 10 minutes, which includes 10 minutes reading time. 2. This is a closed book exam. 3. Use
More informationNet Present Value and Other Investment Criteria
Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria Topics Covered Net Present Value Other Investment Criteria Mutually Exclusive Projects Capital Rationing Net Present Value Net Present Value  Present value
More informationWhich projects should the corporation undertake
Which projects should the corporation undertake Investment criteria 1. Investment into a new project generates a flow of cash and, therefore, a standard DPV rule should be the first choice under consideration.
More informationCHAPTER 7 MAKING CAPITAL INVESTMENT DECISIONS
CHAPTER 7 MAKING CAPITAL INVESTMENT DECISIONS Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. In this context, an opportunity cost refers to the value of an asset or other input that will
More informationWHAT IS CAPITAL BUDGETING?
WHAT IS CAPITAL BUDGETING? Capital budgeting is a required managerial tool. One duty of a financial manager is to choose investments with satisfactory cash flows and rates of return. Therefore, a financial
More informationChapter 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis ANSWERS TO SELECTED ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS
Chapter 11 Cash Flow Estimation and Risk Analysis ANSWERS TO SELECTED ENDOFCHAPTER QUESTIONS 111 a. Cash flow, which is the relevant financial variable, represents the actual flow of cash. Accounting
More informationSolutions to Chapter 8. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria
Solutions to Chapter 8 Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria. NPV A = $00 + [$80 annuity factor (%, periods)] = $00 $80 $8. 0 0. 0. (.) NPV B = $00 + [$00 annuity factor (%, periods)] = $00 $00
More informationChapter 18. Web Extension: Percentage Cost Analysis, Leasing Feedback, and Leveraged Leases
Chapter 18 Web Extension: Percentage Cost Analysis, Leasing Feedback, and Leveraged Leases Percentage Cost Analysis Anderson s leaseversuspurchase decision from Chapter 18 could also be analyzed using
More informationNet Present Value and Capital Budgeting. What to Discount
Net Present Value and Capital Budgeting (Text reference: Chapter 7) Topics what to discount the CCA system total project cash flow vs. tax shield approach detailed CCA calculations and examples project
More informationCash Flow. Summary. Cash Flow. Louise Söderberg, 20101015
Cash Flow Louise Söderberg, 20101015 Summary The statement of cash flow reports the cash generated and used during the time interval specified in its headings. A cash flow analysis is a method of checking
More informationPaper P1 Performance Operations Post Exam Guide March 2011 Exam. General Comments
General Comments Performance overall in March 2011 was comparable to the September 2010 diet. While the pass rate was acceptable, it could have been significantly improved if candidates had worked through
More informationInvestment Decision Analysis
Lecture: IV 1 Investment Decision Analysis The investment decision process: Generate cash flow forecasts for the projects, Determine the appropriate opportunity cost of capital, Use the cash flows and
More informationCapital Budgeting OVERVIEW
WSG12 7/7/03 4:25 PM Page 191 12 Capital Budgeting OVERVIEW This chapter concentrates on the longterm, strategic considerations and focuses primarily on the firm s investment opportunities. The discussions
More informationChapter 09  Using Discounted CashFlow Analysis to Make Investment Decisions
Solutions to Chapter 9 Using Discounted CashFlow Analysis to Make Investment Decisions 1. Net income = ($74 $42 $10) [0.35 ($74 $42 $10)] = $22 $7.7 = $14.3 million Revenues cash expenses taxes paid =
More informationCHAPTER 14 COST OF CAPITAL
CHAPTER 14 COST OF CAPITAL Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. It is the minimum rate of return the firm must earn overall on its existing assets. If it earns more than this,
More informationNOTICE: For details of the project history please look under the Work Plan section of this website.
NOTICE: This Exposure Draft is available to show the historic evolution of the project. It does not include changes made by the Board following the consultation process and therefore should not be relied
More informationDUKE UNIVERSITY Fuqua School of Business. FINANCE 351  CORPORATE FINANCE Problem Set #1 Prof. Simon Gervais Fall 2011 Term 2.
DUKE UNIVERSITY Fuqua School of Business FINANCE 351  CORPORATE FINANCE Problem Set #1 Prof. Simon Gervais Fall 2011 Term 2 Questions 1. Two years ago, you put $20,000 dollars in a savings account earning
More informationUnderstanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions
Understanding Financial Management: A Practical Guide Guideline Answers to the Concept Check Questions Chapter 8 Capital Budgeting Concept Check 8.1 1. What is the difference between independent and mutually
More informationChapter 8 Capital Budgeting Process and Techniques
Chapter 8 Capital Budgeting Process and Techniques MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The capital budgeting process involves a. identifying potential investments b. analyzing the set of investment opportunities, and identifying
More informationBENEFITCOST ANALYSIS Financial and Economic Appraisal using Spreadsheets
BENEFITCOST ANALYSIS Financial and Economic Appraisal using Spreadsheets Ch. 4: Project and Private BenefitCost Analysis Private BenefitCost Analysis Deriving Project and Private cash flows: Project
More informationChapter 5 Capital Budgeting
Chapter 5 Capital Budgeting Road Map Part A Introduction to finance. Part B Valuation of assets, given discount rates. FixedIncome securities. Common stocks. Real assets (capital budgeting). Part C Determination
More informationFundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9. Section A. Mean growth in earnings per share = 100 x [(35 7/30 0) 1/3 1] = 5 97% or 6%
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2015 Answers Section A 1 A 2 D 3 D Mean growth in earnings per share = 100 x [(35 7/30 0) 1/3 1] = 5 97% or 6% 4 A 5 D 6 B 7
More information1. If the opportunity cost of capital is 14 percent, what is the net present value of the factory?
MØA 155  Fall 2011 PROBLEM SET: Hand in 1 Exercise 1. An investor buys a share for $100 and sells it five years later, at the end of the year, at the price of $120.23. Each year the stock pays dividends
More informationChapter 7: Net Present Value and Capital Budgeting
Chapter 7: Net Present Value and Capital Budgeting 7.1 a. Yes, the reduction in the sales of the company s other products, referred to as erosion, should be treated as an incremental cash flow. These lost
More informationChapter 8: Using DCF Analysis to Make Investment Decisions
FIN 301 Class Notes Chapter 8: Using DCF Analysis to Make Investment Decisions Capital Budgeting: is the process of planning for capital expenditures (long term investment). Planning process involves 1
More informationChapter 7. Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria
Chapter 7 Net Present Value and Other Investment Criteria 72 Topics Covered Net Present Value Other Investment Criteria Mutually Exclusive Projects Capital Rationing 73 Net Present Value Net Present
More informationUNIVERSITY OF WAH Department of Management Sciences
BBA330: FINANCIAL MANAGEMENT UNIVERSITY OF WAH COURSE DESCRIPTION/OBJECTIVES The module aims at building competence in corporate finance further by extending the coverage in Business Finance module to
More informationCapital Investment Analysis and Project Assessment
PURDUE EXTENSION EC731 Capital Investment Analysis and Project Assessment Michael Boehlje and Cole Ehmke Department of Agricultural Economics Capital investment decisions that involve the purchase of
More informationGuidance Note: Calculation of the Authority s Share of a Refinancing Gain
Guidance Note: Calculation of the Authority s Share of a Refinancing Gain 1.1 INTRODUCTION 1.1.1 Clause 34.6 of the model clauses on Refinancing set out in Section 34.8 of Standardisation of PFI Contracts
More informationChapter 9 Cash Flow and Capital Budgeting
Chapter 9 Cash Flow and Capital Budgeting MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. Gamma Electronics is considering the purchase of testing equipment that will cost $500,000. The equipment has a 5year lifetime with no salvage
More informationWill the future benefits of this project be large enough to justify the investment given the risk involved?
Chapter 1 The Overall Process Capital Expenditures Whenever we make an expenditure that generates a cash flow benefit for more than one year, this is a capital expenditure. Examples include the purchase
More informationProject Management Seminars. Financial Management of Projects
Project Management Seminars Financial Management of Projects.inproject managementandsystems engineering, is a deliverableoriented decomposition of a project into smaller components. (source: Wikipedia)
More informationCash Flow, Taxes, and Project Evaluation. Remember Income versus Cashflow
Cash Flow, Taxes, and Project Evaluation Of the four steps in calculating NPV, the most difficult is the first: Forecasting cash flows. We now focus on this problem, with special attention to What is cash
More informationManagement Accounting Financial Strategy
PAPER P9 Management Accounting Financial Strategy The Examiner provides a short study guide, for all candidates revising for this paper, to some first principles of finance and financial management Based
More information( ) ( )( ) ( ) 2 ( ) 3. n n = 100 000 1+ 0.10 = 100 000 1.331 = 133100
Mariusz Próchniak Chair of Economics II Warsaw School of Economics CAPITAL BUDGETING Managerial Economics 1 2 1 Future value (FV) r annual interest rate B the amount of money held today Interest is compounded
More informationCFS. Syllabus. Certified Finance Specialist. International benchmark in Finance profession
CFS Certified Finance Specialist Syllabus International benchmark in Finance profession Certified Finance Specialist Summary: This award will provide candidates the opportunity to gain advanced level knowledge
More informationAN INTRODUCTION TO REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT ANALYSIS: A TOOL KIT REFERENCE FOR PRIVATE INVESTORS
AN INTRODUCTION TO REAL ESTATE INVESTMENT ANALYSIS: A TOOL KIT REFERENCE FOR PRIVATE INVESTORS Phil Thompson Business Lawyer, Corporate Counsel www.thompsonlaw.ca Rules of thumb and financial analysis
More information(Relevant to AAT Examination Paper 4 Business Economics and Financial Mathematics)
Capital Budgeting: Net Present Value vs Internal Rate of Return (Relevant to AAT Examination Paper 4 Business Economics and Financial Mathematics) Y O Lam Capital budgeting assists decision makers in a
More information9. ShortTerm Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle
9. ShortTerm Liquidity Analysis. Operating Cash Conversion Cycle 9.1 Current Assets and 9.1.1 Cash A firm should maintain as little cash as possible, because cash is a nonproductive asset. It earns no
More informationSTUDENT CAN HAVE ONE LETTER SIZE FORMULA SHEET PREPARED BY STUDENT HIM/HERSELF. FINANCIAL CALCULATOR/TI83 OR THEIR EQUIVALENCES ARE ALLOWED.
Test IIIFINN3120090 Fall 2009 (2.5 PTS PER QUESTION. MAX 100 PTS) Type A Name ID PRINT YOUR NAME AND ID ON THE TEST, ANSWER SHEET AND FORMULA SHEET. TURN IN THE TEST, OPSCAN ANSWER SHEET AND FORMULA
More informationIntroduction to Real Estate Investment Appraisal
Introduction to Real Estate Investment Appraisal NPV and IRR Pat McAllister INVESTMENT APPRAISAL DISCOUNTED CASFLOW ANALYSIS Investment Mathematics Discounted cash flow to calculate Gross present value
More informationCapital Budgeting Further Considerations
Capital Budgeting Further Considerations For 9.220, Term 1, 2002/03 02_Lecture10.ppt Lecture Outline Introduction The input for evaluating projects relevant cash flows Inflation: real vs. nominal analysis
More information1. What is the difference between nominal returns and real returns?
End of Chapter 11 Questions and Answers 1. What is the difference between nominal returns and real returns? Answer: Nominal returns include inflation while real returns have inflation netted out. For example,
More informationYou just paid $350,000 for a policy that will pay you and your heirs $12,000 a year forever. What rate of return are you earning on this policy?
1 You estimate that you will have $24,500 in student loans by the time you graduate. The interest rate is 6.5%. If you want to have this debt paid in full within five years, how much must you pay each
More informationChapter 9 Making Capital Investment Decisions Introduction
Chapter 9 Making Capital Investment Decisions Introduction The cash flows that should be included in a capital budgeting analysis are those that will only occur if the project is accepted These cash flows
More informationChapter 1 Introduction to Finance
Chapter 1 Introduction to Finance Road Map Part A Introduction to finance. Financial decisions and financial markets. Present value. Part B Valuation of assets, given discount rates. Part C Determination
More informationMODULE 2. Capital Budgeting
MODULE 2 Capital Budgeting Capital Budgeting is a project selection exercise performed by the business enterprise. Capital budgeting uses the concept of present value to select the projects. Capital budgeting
More informationWhy Do Farmers / Clubs / Firms / Anyone Prepare Accounts? To calculate profit. To assess the effectiveness of different parts of the organisation.
Accounting Theory. In recent years the amount of theory being asked on the Leaving Certificate paper has steadily increased. This is a trend that is likely to continue. Below is an outline of the likely
More informationPaper 7 Management Accounting
Technician Level Paper 7 Management Accounting Extended Syllabus INTRODUCTION Extended Syllabuses are part of a comprehensive package of support materials offered by SIAT. This package includes past question
More informationMultiple Choice Questions (45%)
Multiple Choice Questions (45%) Choose the Correct Answer 1. The following information was taken from XYZ Company s accounting records for the year ended December 31, 2014: Increase in raw materials inventory
More informationMoney. 1 What is money? Spring 2013. 3 functions of money: Store of value Unit of account Medium of exchange
Money Spring 2013 1 What is money? 3 functions of money: Store of value Unit of account Medium of exchange Whether something is money is not always so clear: Physical bills and coins Balances on checking
More informationEXAM 1 REVIEW QUESTIONS
EXAM 1 REVIEW QUESTIONS 1) Free cash flow. Consider the following financial statements for United Technologies Corp. What is UT's free cash flow (total cash flow from assets) for 2001? UNITED TECHNOLOGIES:
More information1 (a) Net present value of investment in new machinery Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 6,084 6,327 6,580 6,844
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2013 Answers 1 (a) Net present value of investment in new machinery Year 1 2 3 4 5 $000 $000 $000 $000 $000 Sales income 6,084
More informationAccounting: Demonstrate understanding of accounting concepts for an entity that operates accounting subsystems (91174)
Assessment Schedule 2012 NCEA Level 2 Accounting (91174) 2012 page 1 of 11 Accounting: Demonstrate understanding of accounting concepts for an entity that operates accounting subsystems (91174) Not answered
More informationInstitute of Chartered Accountant Ghana (ICAG) Paper 2.4 Financial Management
Institute of Chartered Accountant Ghana (ICAG) Paper 2.4 Financial Management Final Mock Exam 1 Marking scheme and suggested solutions DO NOT TURN THIS PAGE UNTIL YOU HAVE COMPLETED THE MOCK EXAM ii Financial
More informationTest 4 Created: 3:05:28 PM CDT 1. The buyer of a call option has the choice to exercise, but the writer of the call option has: A.
Test 4 Created: 3:05:28 PM CDT 1. The buyer of a call option has the choice to exercise, but the writer of the call option has: A. The choice to offset with a put option B. The obligation to deliver the
More informationAccounting Income, Residual Income and Valuation
Accounting Income, Residual Income and Valuation Ray Donnelly PhD, MSc, BComm, ACMA Examiner in Strategic Corporate Finance 1. Introduction The residual income (RI) for a firm for any year t is its accounting
More informationSAMPLE FACT EXAM (You must score 70% to successfully clear FACT)
SAMPLE FACT EXAM (You must score 70% to successfully clear FACT) 1. What is the present value (PV) of $100,000 received five years from now, assuming the interest rate is 8% per year? a. $600,000.00 b.
More information1.040 Project Management
MIT OpenCourseWare http://ocw.mit.edu 1.040 Project Management Spring 2009 For information about citing these materials or our Terms of Use, visit: http://ocw.mit.edu/terms. Project Financial Evaluation
More informationCHAPTER 9 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA
CHAPTER 9 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. A payback period less than the project s life means that the NPV is positive for
More informationFundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2009 Answers 1 (a) Weighted average cost of capital (WACC) calculation Cost of equity of KFP Co = 4 0 + (1 2 x (10 5 4 0)) =
More informationFinal Examination, BUS312, D1+ E1. SFU Student number:
Final Examination, BUS312, D1+ E1 NAME: SFU Student number: Instructions: For qualitative questions, point form is not an acceptable answer. For quantitative questions, an indication of how you arrived
More informationShort Term Finance and Planning. Sources and Uses of Cash
Short Term Finance and Planning (Text reference: Chapter 27) Topics sources and uses of cash operating cycle and cash cycle short term financial policy cash budgeting short term financial planning AFM
More informationCHAPTER 6 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA
CHAPTER 6 NET PRESENT VALUE AND OTHER INVESTMENT CRITERIA Answers to Concepts Review and Critical Thinking Questions 1. Assuming conventional cash flows, a payback period less than the project s life means
More informationUniversity of Rio Grande Fall 2010
University of Rio Grande Fall 2010 Financial Management (Fin 20403) Practice Questions for Midterm 1 Answers the questions. (Or Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement if there
More information10.SHORTTERM DECISIONS & CAPITAL INVESTMENT APPRAISAL
INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY OF HO CHI MINH CITY AUDITING ACCOUNTING FACULTY 10.SHORTTERM DECISIONS & CAPITAL INVESTMENT APPRAISAL 4 Topic List INDUSTRIAL UNIVERSITY OF HO CHI MINH CITY AUDITING ACCOUNTING FACULTY
More informationF3 Financial Strategy. Examiner s Answers
F3 Financial Strategy September 2012 examination Examiner s Answers Question One Rationale This question begins by testing candidates ability to evaluate the working capital requirements of a retail operation
More informationPage 69. Sutton Living Business Plan and Loan Agreement. Mary Morrissey, Strategic Director of Environment, Housing and Regeneration
Page 69 Agenda Item 5b Report to: Opportunity Sutton Limited Sub Committee Date: 4 August 2015 Report title: Report from: Ward/Areas affected: Chair of Committee/Lead Member: Author(s)/Contact Number(s):
More informationENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE: Strategy Valuation and Deal Structure
ENTREPRENEURIAL FINANCE: Strategy Valuation and Deal Structure Chapter 9 Valuation Questions and Problems 1. You are considering purchasing shares of DeltaCad Inc. for $40/share. Your analysis of the company
More informationContribution 787 1,368 1,813 983. Taxable cash flow 682 1,253 1,688 858 Tax liabilities (205) (376) (506) (257)
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management June 2012 Answers 1 (a) Calculation of net present value (NPV) As nominal aftertax cash flows are to be discounted, the nominal
More informationValuing the Business
Valuing the Business 1. Introduction After deciding to buy or sell a business, the subject of "how much" becomes important. Determining the value of a business is one of the most difficult aspects of any
More informationCALCULATOR TUTORIAL. Because most students that use Understanding Healthcare Financial Management will be conducting time
CALCULATOR TUTORIAL INTRODUCTION Because most students that use Understanding Healthcare Financial Management will be conducting time value analyses on spreadsheets, most of the text discussion focuses
More informationChris Leung, Ph.D., CFA, FRM
FNE 215 Financial Planning Chris Leung, Ph.D., CFA, FRM Email: chleung@chuhai.edu.hk Chapter 2 Planning with Personal Financial Statements Chapter Objectives Explain how to create your personal cash flow
More informationCourse 3: Capital Budgeting Analysis
Excellence in Financial Management Course 3: Capital Budgeting Analysis Prepared by: Matt H. Evans, CPA, CMA, CFM This course provides a concise overview of capital budgeting analysis. This course is recommended
More informationGuide to cash flow management
Guide to cash flow management Cash flow management What is cash flow management? For a business to be successful, good cash flow management is crucial. Cash flow is the primary indicator of a business
More informationOklahoma State University Spears School of Business. Capital Investments
Oklahoma State University Spears School of Business Capital Investments Slide 2 Incremental Cash Flows Cash flows matter not accounting earnings. Sunk costs do not matter. Incremental cash flows matter.
More informationNOTES. ACC1000: Principles of Accounting and Finance. Monash University
NOTES ACC1000: Principles of Accounting and Finance Monash University Table of Contents 1 ACCOUNTING IN ACTION 5 1.1 USERS OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION 5 1.2 ASSUMPTIONS OF FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING 5 1.3 QUALITATIVE
More informationt = 1 2 3 1. Calculate the implied interest rates and graph the term structure of interest rates. t = 1 2 3 X t = 100 100 100 t = 1 2 3
MØA 155 PROBLEM SET: Summarizing Exercise 1. Present Value [3] You are given the following prices P t today for receiving risk free payments t periods from now. t = 1 2 3 P t = 0.95 0.9 0.85 1. Calculate
More informationADVANCED INVESTMENT APPRAISAL
RELEVANT TO ACCA QUALIFICATION PAPER F9 Studying Paper F9? Performance objectives 15 and 16 are relevant to this exam Investment appraisal is one of the eight core topics within Paper F9, Financial Management
More information6. Debt Valuation and the Cost of Capital
6. Debt Valuation and the Cost of Capital Introduction Firms rarely finance capital projects by equity alone. They utilise long and short term funds from a variety of sources at a variety of costs. No
More informationHO23: METHODS OF INVESTMENT APPRAISAL
HO23: METHODS OF INVESTMENT APPRAISAL After completing this exercise you will be able to: Calculate and compare the different returns on an investment using the ROI, NPV, IRR functions. Investments: Discounting,
More informationPlanning for Capital Investments
121 Planning for Capital Investments Managerial Accounting Fifth Edition Weygandt Kimmel Kieso 122 study objectives 1. Discuss capital budgeting evaluation, and explain inputs used in capital budgeting.
More informationFundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9
Answers Fundamentals Level Skills Module, Paper F9 Financial Management December 2008 Answers 1 (a) Rights issue price = 2 5 x 0 8 = $2 00 per share Theoretical ex rights price = ((2 50 x 4) + (1 x 2 00)/5=$2
More informationManaging Cash Flow. A guide to help you broaden your understanding of how to manage cash flow in a small business
Managing Cash Flow A guide to help you broaden your understanding of how to manage cash flow in a small business This guide looks at the key elements of cash flow and working capital and how its management
More informationMBA 8130 FOUNDATIONS OF CORPORATION FINANCE FINAL EXAM VERSION A
MBA 8130 FOUNDATIONS OF CORPORATION FINANCE FINAL EXAM VERSION A Fall Semester 2004 Name: Class: Day/Time/Instructor:. Read the following directions very carefully. Failure to follow these directions will
More informationOn the Rate of Return and Valuation of NonConventional Projects
On the Rate of Return and Valuation of NonConventional Projects Carlos Heitor Campani Professor of Finance at COPPEAD Graduate School of Business (Federal University of Rio de Janeiro) Research Associate
More informationMBA (3rd Sem) 201314 MBA/29/FM302/T/ODD/1314
Full Marks : 70 MBA/29/FM302/T/ODD/1314 201314 MBA (3rd Sem) Paper Name : Corporate Finance Paper Code : FM302 Time : 3 Hours The figures in the righthand margin indicate marks. Candidates are required
More information