The Integrated Research Center for Photonic Networks and Technologies (IRCPhoNeT) Piero Castoldi. Pisa, November 9, 2011

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1 Scuola Superiore Sant Anna di Studi Universitari e di Perfezionamento The Integrated Research Center for Photonic Networks and Technologies (IRCPhoNeT) Piero Castoldi Pisa, November 9, 011

2 Research areas of TECIP Institute TECIP Institute Photonic Technologies Dr. G. Contestabile

3 Research Group at IRCPhoNeT (45 InReTe, 17 CNIT) Full Professors 3 Associate Professors 8 Assistant Professors Heads of Research 6 Senior Researchers 5 Junior Researchers 1 Senior Technician Technicians 5 Research Scholars 16 Ph.D. Students Post-Docs 3 Administrative Staff 3 Administrative Staff 4 Foreign Visiting Students

4 4

5 Research areas Amplification and Optical Sensing (Area Leader: Prof. Fabrizio Di Di Pasquale) Optical Networks and Services (Area Leader: Prof. Piero Castoldi) Optical Systems (Area Leader: Prof. Ernesto Ciaramella) Digital Photonics Subsystems (Area Leader: Dr. Dr. Antonella Bogoni) -CNIT Ultra-Fast All-Optical Subsystems (Area Leader: Dr. Dr. Luca Potì) -- CNIT Optical Transmission Theory & Techniques (Area Leader: Prof. Enrico Forestieri) Photonic Technologies (Area Leader: prof. Giampiero Contestabile)

6 Research and training Fundamental and applied research (mediumlong term) on national and institutional projects of the European community Industrial research (short-medium term) on case studies provided by industrial partners Construction of pre-commercial prototypes Training in collaboration with research 6

7 Optical systems Core networks technologies WDM systems numerical simulations and experimental WDM test bed Line coding and new modulation formats Metro networks technologies Low-cost optical systems Access: WDM-PON Scalability Security 7

8 Optical communication theory Transmission impairments Polarisation mode dispersion (PMD) Fibre nonlinearities: Performance evaluation Bit-error rate Outage probability (all-order PMD) Modulation formats Line-coding Polarisation multiplexing Adaptive equalisation Optical equalisation Electronic equalisation 8

9 Control and traffic management Allocation Of services Robustness to failures PP Services (60 Gb / s) MM Services (40 Gb / s) 100 Gb / s Traffic Management 9

10 AV/AC Control trains Reliability improvement of networks for control of Italian high speed railway system (AV / AC - "High Speed / High Capacity) Availability analysis in stationary and transient Conditions Proposal of redundant network architectures 10

11 Photonic processors for OPS networks A B A B C A AND B A AND B AND C Photonic processors Implemented in the Past will be reconsidered to simplify their logic operation scheme also exploiting new technologies A B A 1 C = => > < A NOR B A 1-bit comparator Design and Implementation of photonic nodes with more complex and efficient all-optical packet switching networks architectures, exploiting Increasing the set of available photonic processors N C =< = > < N-bit comparator In R in A Out R out Full adder X O R A XOR B In In A/D A/D Out Out Analog/Digital converter Digital/Analog converter New photonic processors as analog-to-digital and digital-to analog converters will be Implemented, to be exploited for many applications in telecom field 11

12 Radar-based photonic technologies Spacecraft and / or high performance aircraft radar systems for remote sensing and security Detection, classification and recognition of unknown air, surface and / or underground targets Vehicular radar for safety driving Wall-through indoor radar HPA PHOTODIODE ( ) EOM AMPL. DDS LASER CW FEEDBACK FREQUENCY CONTROL LASER CW Photonic Components Electronic Components TRANSMITTER EOM DEMUX OTDM n PHOTODIODE ADC ( ) n n DIGITAL PLL REFERENCE SIGNAL GENERATOR OPTICAL MUX OPTICAL PULSE GENERATOR Triggering n LNA LOG EOM DEMUX OTDM PHOTODIODE SIGNAL ADC DDC ( ) PROCESSOR n n n n n RECEIVER 1

13 Energy efficient network architectures New operation modes for network elements (eg sleep mode) Energy efficient routing and wavelength assignment 13

14 Optical interconnect M= m collector cards with N wavelength A single passive backplane Scheduling on each card and controller of cards is required Collector cards Input support OEO for efficient grooming Input ports support wavelength selection Wavelength routing (i.e. λ output port) Backplane Performs label routing: label collector card Collector card 000 Collector card 001 Collector card 010 Collector card TRX side RX side M lines M lines 011 Backplane M N lines N lines M N lines Scheduler Controller 14

15 Integrated Photonics Photonic integrated circuits (PIC) based on same principles of electronic integrated Optical signal processing (digital photonics) 15

16 Interdisciplinary applications of photonics (1) Implementation of optical fiber-based sensors - Applications: oil & gas pipeline monitors, fire detection in tunnels 16

17 Interdisciplinary applications of photonics () Biomedical Imaging Using Ultra-short Laser Pulses 17

18 Courses offered in academic year 011/1 (1) COURSE Abbreviation TEACHER(S) Sem. Credits DESCRIPTION Communication networks CN Luca Valcarenghi 1 4 The course will introduce the fundamentals of communication networks with regards to all network layers. Packet vs circuit switching will be described as well as fundamentals of networking. Sensor Networks SN Paolo Pagano 3 This course will introduce the fundamentals of sensors networks, with special emphasis on wireless sensor networks. Stochastic processes and queuing theory SPQT Piero castoldi Giancarlo Prati 1 6 Stochastic processes: general concepts, Random walks and other applications, spectral representation, Spectrum estimation, Markov chains and processes. Elementary and intermediate queuing theory. Communication theory and digital transmission CTDT Enrico Forestieri 1 4 This course module will introduce the students to the fundamental principles of communication theory and data transmission with emphasis on performance, spectral characteristics, and complexity. Fundamentals of applied optics FAO Ernesto Ciaramella 4 The course provides basic information about the nature of lightwave, its physical descriptions and the current applications of optics science. Electromagnetic fields and propagation EFP Fabrizio Di Pasquale 1- + Focusing on the design of optical fiber and waveguide based optical components this course will offers students an introduction to the fundamental concepts related to electromagnetic theory and will then be specifically focused on transmission line theory, propagation in dielectric optical waveguides, fiber and waveguide amplifiers and lasers. Design of access, metro and core networks AMCN Castoldi, inc. Andriolli 4 The course will cover network hierarchy, access segments, metro segments, core segments with special emphasis on optical network technologies. Wireless communication networks WCN Castoldi, inc. Cerutti The course will overview wireless transmissions, wireless networks and introduces relevant protocols. Network optimization NO Castoldi, inc. Cerutti 3 The aim of this corse is to introduce the modeling and mathematical methods for network optimization. The course will cover the mathematical methods and algorithms used for network optimization. 18

19 Courses offered in academic year 010/11 -() COURSE Abbreviation TEACHER(S) Type Credits DESCRIPTION Fundamentals of optical communications FOC Forestieri, inc. Secondini 3 This course provides an overview on the field of optical communication systems. The fundamentals of photonics and optical modulation are presented on an introductory level. Design of optical systems DOS Ernesto Ciaramella 1 3 The course reviews the most common transmission impairments that must be considered when designing today high capacity optical systems. Optical amplification and fibre-optic sensing OAS Gabriele Bolognini 1 3 This course will mainly provide an overview on optical amplification and other fundamental photonic components such as lasers, photodiodes and passive devices. In its last part, the course will outline some novel applications of optical fibers, such optical fiber sensors. Lab of photonic amplification and components LAB-PAC Gabriele Bolognini 1 4 The course provides a general overview to common fiber optic measurement techniques used in photonics, as well as an introduction to fiber optic sensors. Photonic Technologies PT Prati, inc. Porzi, Contestabile 3 Semiconductors for Photonics, Photonic Passive and Functional Integrated Devices, Deposition and Compound Semiconductors Growth Techniques, Processing/Manufacturing Devices Lab of photonic switching LAB-PSW Prati, inc. Pot', Bogoni, Scaffardi 1 6 The course will give most basics for photonic switching with strong enphasys to nonlinear fibres and devices. Laboratory practice will be provided. Performance evaluation of communication systems PECS Enrico Forestieri 1 6 This course module will cover the most used mathematical methods for evaluating the performance of a communication system through both analytical approaches and simulations. Lab of Network software LAB-NS Castoldi, inc. Andriolli 3 Network modeling and simulation: introduction to OPNET Lab of Traffic Engineering LAB-TE Castoldi, inc. Valcarenghi 3 This course reviews Traffic Engineering issues in optical transport networks that support the Internet Protocol. Photonic integrated systems PIC Jonathan Klamkin 3 This course will introduce Photonic Integrated Circuits, which are photonic circuits whose components are fabricated on a common substrate. Emphasis will be on design and fabrication. Lab of photonic systems LAB-PSY Ciaramella, inc. Presi 6 This course will review optical transmitters, optical receivers and multichannel lightwave systems from an experimental perspective. 19

20 Thank you! Q&A 0

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