ONTARIO PLUMBING INSPECTORS ASSOCIATION INC. In the public service since Wet Venting. Incorporating Stack Venting and NPC Harmonization

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1 ONTARIO PLUMBING INSPECTORS ASSOCIATION INC. In the public service since 1920 Wet Venting Incorporating Stack Venting and NPC Harmonization Presented by: Rainier Bratsch-Blundel, CPSI Plumbing Professor George Brown College OPIA Education and Training 1

2 Wet Venting Correct or Incorrect (a) (d) 1 ¼ (b) 1 ¼ ¼ 2 C/O 3 2 (c) 1 ¼ (e) 1 ¼ 2 1 ¼ 1 ¼ 1 ¼ 3

3 Wet Venting In the 2006 OBC, All Wet Venting requirements changed. Wet venting now includes Stack Venting, Modified Stack Venting, and the new Multi-Storey Wet Venting Rainier Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College 3

4 Wet Venting Any fixture can be wet vented. Any fixture other than a Water Closet (W.C.) can do the wet venting Symphonic fixtures can do the Wet Venting Only fixtures with 2-inch trap arms and fixture drains can connect into the wet vent above a W.C. (there is a 3-inch floor drain exception). The lowest connecting fixture is NOT included in the sizing of the wet vent. Rainier Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College 4

5 Wet Venting Wet Vent means a waste pipe that also serves as a Vent Pipe. Continuous Vent means a vent pipe that is an extension of a vertical section of a branch OR fixture drain. Fixture Unit means the unit of measure that expresses the hydraulic load on the drainage system Rainier Blundel / Bryan Heyl George Brown College 5

6 Wet Venting Wet Venting (1) A soil or waste pipe may serve as a wet vent provided that, (a) the hydraulic load is in accordance with Table Hydraulic Loads Draining to Wet Vents (1) The hydraulic load that drains to a wet vent shall conform to Table (2) When determining the size of a wet vent, the hydraulic load from the most downstream fixture or symmetrically connected fixtures shall not be included. 6

7 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) Maximum Permitted Hydraulic Loads Drained to a Wet Vent Size of Wet Vent (inches) Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units Not more than 2 W.C. s No Water Closets Fixtures Other Than a W.C. 2 F.U F.U. 3 F.U F.U. 8 F.U F.U. 14 F.U F.U F.U. Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 7

8 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) 3 wet vent (replaces old Stack Venting) 1 or 2 water closets installed 8 fixture units maximum 2 maximum above the lowest connecting fixture Size of Wet Vent (inches) Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units Not more than 2 W.C. s No Water Closets Fixtures Other Than a W.C. 2 F.U F.U. 3 F.U F.U. 8 F.U F.U. 14 F.U F.U F.U. 8

9 Wet Vent Sizing (1) A soil or waste pipe may serve as a wet vent provided: a) the hydraulic load is in accordance with Table Basin Continuous Vent 7 metres 11 F.U. pipe Wet Vent (branch) 7 F.U. (8 max.) 3 pipe Wet Vent (branch) 7 F.U. (8 max.) 3 pipe 2 shower drain 1 F.U. Kitchen Sink 1.5 F.U. Tank W.C. 3 F.U. Bath tub 1.5 F.U. 9 (i)

10 Wet Vent Sizing (5) For the purposes of Table , the length of a continuous vent shall be its developed length from the vertical soil or waste pipe connection to a vent stack, stack vent, header or open air. 9 (ii)

11 Wet Vent Sizing 9 (iii)

12 c) when 2 water closets are installed, they are connected at the same level to a vertical part of the stack by means of a double fitting in accordance with Table , Wet Venting b) the number of wet vented water closets does not exceed 2 Wet vent 5 F.U. (8 max.) Size = 3 pipe Branch Fixture Units = 12 Size = 3 Bath Tub basin Tank W.C. Tank W.C. basin Continuous Vent 3 metres Fixture Units = 12 Size = Pipe Bath Tub Rainier Blundel George Brown College 10 (i)

13 Rainier Blundel George Brown College 10 (ii)

14 Rainier Blundel George Brown College 10 (iii)

15 Wet Venting d) the water closets are installed downstream of all other fixtures (on the wet vent) Continuous vent 6 F.U. (BG) 10 metres Pipe Wet Vent (fixture drain) 2.5 F.U. 2 Pipe Basin 1 F.U. Bath tub 1.5 F.U. Tank W.C. 11 (i)

16 Wet Venting d) the water closets are installed downstream of all other fixtures (on the wet vent) Continuous vent 6 F.U. (BG) 10 metres Pipe Wet Vent (fixture drain) 2.5 F.U. 2 Pipe Basin 1 F.U. Bath tub 1.5 F.U. Tank W.C. 11 (ii)

17 Wet Vent Sizing e) trap arms and fixture drains connected to the wet vent do not exceed 2 in. in size, except for connections from floor drains in accordance with Sentence (3)(a) to (c), Note: A-Table Hydraulic Loads. Hydraulic Loads for Floor Drains. No hydraulic load is required from a floor drain in a washroom since it is for emergency use only. Wet Vent (branch) 1 F.U. (3 max.) 3 pipe Wet Vent (fixture drain) 1 F.U. (3 max.) 2 pipe Tank W.C. 3 F.U. No load Continuous Vent 5 metres 5 F.U. pipe Basin 1 F.U. 3 Floor Drain 12

18 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) Maximum Permitted Hydraulic Loads Drained to a Wet Vent Size of Wet Vent (inches) Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units Not more than 2 W.C. s No Water Closets Fixtures Other Than a W.C. 2 F.U F.U. 3 F.U F.U. 8 F.U F.U. 14 F.U F.U F.U. Column 1 Column 2 Column 3 13

19 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) wet vent No water closet installed 2 fixture units maximum (2 maximum) Above the lowest connecting fixture Size of Wet Vent (inches) Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units Not more than 2 W.C. s No Water Closets Fixtures Other Than a W.C. 2 F.U F.U. 3 F.U F.U. 8 F.U F.U. 14 F.U F.U F.U. 14

20 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) A Laundry Tray (Tub) wet venting through a Floor Drain Washing Machine Stand Pipe (no load) Continuous Vent (1.5 F.U) Wet Vent 2 F.U. max. F.D (i)

21 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) A Laundry Tray (Tub) wet venting through a Floor Drain (1.5 F.U) Washing Machine Stand Pipe (no load) A-Table Hydraulic Loads. Continuous Hydraulic Loads Vent for Laundry Traps. When determining the hydraulic load on a pipe, no allowance need be made for a load from a domestic clothes washer when discharged into a laundry tray, since Wet Vent the hydraulic F.D. load from the laundry 2 F.U. tray max. is sufficient (ii)

22 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) 2 wet vent No water closet installed 4 fixture units maximum (2 maximum) Above the lowest connecting fixture Size of Wet Vent (inches) Maximum Hydraulic Load, Fixture Units Not more than 2 W.C. s No Water Closets Fixtures Other Than a W.C. 2 F.U F.U. 3 F.U F.U. 8 F.U F.U. 14 F.U F.U F.U. 16

23 Wet Vent Sizing (Table ) A Lavatory Basin and a Bathtub wet venting through a Shower 1 1 2" Continuous Vent SHOWER 1 1 4" 1 1/2" 2" Wet Vent (4 F.U. max.) SANITARY TEE (TY) 2" 757R06B5 17

24 Wet Venting f) the total hydraulic load on the wet vent does not exceed the limits stated in Table when separately vented branches or fixture drains in the same storey, having a total hydraulic load not greater than 2 fixture units, are connected to the wet vent or a wet vented water closet trap arm. Note: the load from the separately vented kitchen sink is included when sizing this pipe Lav Continuous vent Continuous waste and vent branch bathroom group 7.5 fixture units 3 inch pipe Bath tub Wet Vent 4 fixture units 3 inch pipe fixture drain 1.5 fixture units 1 1/2 inch pipe kitchen sink Tank W.C. Wet Vented Branch separately vented fixture drain 18

25 Wet Venting f) the total hydraulic load on the wet vent does not exceed the limits stated in Table when separately vented branches or fixture drains in the same storey, having a total hydraulic load not greater than 2 fixture units, are connected to the wet vent or a wet vented water closet trap arm. Note: the load from the separately vented kitchen sink is included when sizing this pipe shower Lav Wet Vent 6.5 F.U. 3 inch pipe Wet Vent Bath tub Continuous vent fixture drain 1.5 F.U. pipe Continuous waste and vent Kitchen Sink branch 10.5 F.U. 3 inch pipe Tank W.C. separately vented fixture drain 19

26 Wet Venting (g) the hydraulic load to be considered when sizing a continuous vent, that serves a wet vent only includes the hydraulic load that is wet vented, branch bathroom group 7.5 fixture units 3 inch pipe Bath tub Tank W.C. Lav Wet Vent (fixture drain) 4 fixture units 3 inch pipe Wet Vent (branch) Continuous Vent 7.6 metres 6 fixture units 1 1/2 inch pipe fixture drain 1.5 fixture units 1 1/2 inch pipe separately vented fixture drain Continuous waste and vent kitchen sink 20

27 Wet Venting (h) when a wet vent extends through more than one storey, the total discharge from any one storey above the first storey does not exceed 4 fixture units, kitchen sink kitchen sink Lav Stack Vent Fixture Units = 15.5 Length = 8 metres Stack Base = 3 Pipe Size = Pipe Note: Any fixture above the symmetrically connected water closets must be included in sizing the wet vent. symmetrical connection kitchen sink Tank W.C. Lav Lav Tank W.C. Wet Vent (Waste Stack) Fixture Units = 7.5 Size = 3 pipe 21 (i)

28 Wet Venting (h) when a wet vent extends through more than one storey, the total discharge from any one storey above the first storey does not exceed 4 fixture units, kitchen sink Table Size and Developed Length of Stack Vents and Vent Stacks kitchen sink Lav Stack Vent Fixture Units = 15.5 Length = 8 metres Stack Base = 3 Pipe Size = Pipe Note: Any fixture above the symmetrically connected water closets must be included in sizing the wet vent. symmetrical connection kitchen sink Tank W.C. Lav Lav Tank W.C. Wet Vent (Waste Stack) Fixture Units = 7.5 Size = 3 pipe 21 (ii)

29 Wet Venting (i) there is not more than one nominally horizontal offset in the wet vent, and,. drinking fountain Stack Vent Tank W.C. Lav Wet Vent (waste stack) bathtub Note: the definition of Offset means the piping that connects the ends of two pipes that are parallel nominally horizontal offset kitchen sink 22

30 Wet Venting (i) there is not more than one nominally horizontal offset in the wet vent, and,. (i.) the offset does not exceed mm for pipes 2 in. or less in size, OR Stack Vent branch 2.5 fixture units 1 1/2 inch pipe nominally horizontal offset (maximum length 1.2 metres for 2 inch or less pipe) kitchen sink Lav Wet Vent (waste stack) 1 Fixture Units Pipe 23

31 Wet Venting (i) there is not more than one nominally horizontal offset in the wet vent, and,. (ii.) the offset does not exceed mm for pipes larger than 2 in. in size, Lav Stack Vent Lav Nominally Horizontal Offset (maximum length 2.5 metres for pipe larger than 2 inch) Lav Lav Lav Wet Vent (waste stack) 6 fixture units 3 inch pipe Branch 9 fixture units 3 inch pipe kitchen sink kitchen sink Lav 24

32 Wet Venting (j) the wet vented portion is not reduced in size except for the portion that is upstream of floor drains in accordance with Sentence (3), Tank W.C. Bath tub Continuous vent (k) the length of the wet vent is not limited. Not Restricted Lav 25

33 Stack Vents or Vent Stacks (serving Wet Vents) (4) A stack vent serving a wet vent stack that is over 4 storeys high shall extend the full size of the wet vent to open air. But, (2) A soil or waste stack that serves as a wet vent does not require a vent stack. Stack Vent Wet Vent Stack Vent Same size as Wet Vent over 4 storeys high Note: To size the Stack Vent use Table

34 Wet Venting Correct or Incorrect (a) (d) 1 ¼ (b) 1 ¼ ¼ 2 C/O 3 2 (c) 1 ¼ (e) 1 ¼ 2 1 ¼ 1 ¼ 1 ¼ 3 27

35 Wet Venting QUESTIONS? Code and Guide for Plumbing 2006 Professional Edition available at OPIA Education and Training 28

36 ONTARIO PLUMBING INSPECTORS ASSOCIATION INC. In the public service since 1920 Wet Venting Incorporating Stack Venting and NPC Harmonization Presented by: Rainier Bratsch-Blundel, CPSI Plumbing Professor George Brown College OPIA Education and Training

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