Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Sean I. Plasynski a ; John T. Litynski b ; Timothy R. Carr c ; Howard G. McIlvried d ; Rameshwar D.

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Sean I. Plasynski a ; John T. Litynski b ; Timothy R. Carr c ; Howard G. McIlvried d ; Rameshwar D."

Transcription

1 This article was downloaded by: [Srivastava, Rameshwar D.] On: 27 August 2010 Access details: Access Details: [subscription number ] Publisher Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: Registered office: Mortimer House, Mortimer Street, London W1T 3JH, UK Encyclopedia of Soil Science Publication details, including instructions for authors and subscription information: Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Sean I. Plasynski a ; John T. Litynski b ; Timothy R. Carr c ; Howard G. McIlvried d ; Rameshwar D. Srivastava d a National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. b National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Morgantown, West Virginia, U.S.A. c Department of Geology and Geography, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, U.S.A. d KeyLogic Systems, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Online publication date: 06 April 2010 To cite this Section Plasynski, Sean I., Litynski, John T., Carr, Timothy R., McIlvried, Howard G. and Srivastava, Rameshwar D.(2010) 'Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage', Encyclopedia of Soil Science, 1: 1, 1 5 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE Full terms and conditions of use: This article may be used for research, teaching and private study purposes. Any substantial or systematic reproduction, re-distribution, re-selling, loan or sub-licensing, systematic supply or distribution in any form to anyone is expressly forbidden. The publisher does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents will be complete or accurate or up to date. The accuracy of any instructions, formulae and drug doses should be independently verified with primary sources. The publisher shall not be liable for any loss, actions, claims, proceedings, demand or costs or damages whatsoever or howsoever caused arising directly or indirectly in connection with or arising out of the use of this material.

2 Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Sean I. Plasynski National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. John T. Litynski National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy, Morgantown, West Virginia, U.S.A. Timothy R. Carr Department of Geology and Geography, West Virginia University, Morgantown, West Virginia, U.S.A. Howard G. McIlvried Rameshwar D. Srivastava KeyLogic Systems, National Energy Technology Laboratory, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, U.S.A. Introduction Abstract An option that has been proposed to combat the buildup of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere is the capture of CO 2 at large stationary sources, such as power plants, and injection into a geologic formation for permanent storage generally referred to as carbon capture and storage (CCS). This article provides an overview of the major geologic targets in sedimentary basins for long-term storage of CO 2. These targets are oil and gas reservoirs, deep coal beds, and deep saline formations saturated with brackish water or brine. Atmospheric levels of CO 2 have risen significantly from preindustrial levels of 280 parts per million (ppm) to present levels of 384 ppm. [1] Evidence suggests the observed rise in atmospheric CO 2 levels is the result of expanded use of fossil fuels for energy. Predictions of increased global energy use during this century indicate a continued increase in carbon emissions [2] and rising concentrations of CO 2 in the atmosphere unless major changes are made in the way we produce and use energy in particular, how we manage carbon. [3,4] One approach to managing carbon is to use energy more efficiently to reduce our reliance on the major carbon emissions source fossil fuel combustion. Another option is to increase our use of low-carbon and carbonfree fuels and technologies (nuclear power and renewable sources, such as solar energy, wind power, and biomass fuels). The third strategy is to manage carbon through geologic storage (GS), sometimes referred to as geologic sequestration. Geologic storage is part of the process of carbon capture and storage (CCS), which involves separation and capture of CO 2 at the point of emission followed by injection and storage in a deep underground geologic formation (Fig. 1). [5] Carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) sinks are a natural part of the carbon-cycle; however, due to present concerns about global climate change related to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, efforts are underway to better utilize CO 2 sinks as a form of carbon management to offset emissions derived from fossil fuel combustion and other human activities. The concept of carbon sinks has become more widely known because the Kyoto Protocol [6] under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change [7] allows the use of engineered CO 2 sinks as a form of carbon offset. Natural sinks include the oceans, plants and other photosynthetic organisms, and geologic formations. In 2006, about 28 billion metric tons of CO 2 was emitted globally into the atmosphere, the United States share being about 5.6 billion metric tons. [8] About half of this came from large stationary sources, primarily coal-fired power plants, which produce flue gases with a low CO 2 concentration (<20%). Geologic storage of CO 2 to limit atmospheric emissions has been underway for more than a decade with projects that have provided significant data and experience, such as Sleipner in Norway, [9] In Salah in Algeria, [10] and a joint U.S. Canadian effort at the Dakota Gasification facility and Weyburn field, [11] Numerous field projects in saline formations, oil reservoirs, and coal seams are being developed in the United States and Canada through the U.S. Department of Energy s (DOE s) Regional Carbon Sequestration Partnerships initiative. [12] It is expected that large numbers of new power plants and processing facilities based on coal and other non-liquid hydrocarbons (i.e., coal-to-liquid fuels and coal-to-synthetic natural gas plants) will be built in the coming decades, both in the developing world and some areas of the Encyclopedia of Soil Science DOI: /E-ESS Copyright 2010 by Taylor & Francis. All rights reserved.

3 Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Fig. 1 Illustration of carbon capture and storage (CCS) process showing major pathways for geologic and terrestrial storage. Source: Carbon sequestration atlas of the United States and Canada. [5] developed world. These new facilities have the potential for being appropriately fitted, during design and construction, with efficient CCS technologies. [5] Existing plants can be retrofitted for CO 2 capture. If we are to effectively manage the CO 2 emissions from all these plants, the use of geologic carbon sinks will be required. Geologic storage is most efficient at depths greater than 2600 ft (800 m) because CO 2 increases in density and becomes a supercritical fluid at pressures that naturally exist at such depths (Fig. 2). Supercritical fluids take up much less volume and diffuse better through the pore spaces in storage formations than gases or ordinary liquids. Geologic Storage Targets Geologic storage requires a reservoir and seal (caprock) to trap CO 2 for long periods of time. Geologic storage can take place in three major geologic targets in sedimentary basins [13] : deep saline formations, saturated with brackish water or brine; oil and gas reservoirs; and deep coal beds (Fig. 1). Basalt formations and organic rich shales have been proposed as potential GS options, but their utility and suitability need to be demonstrated. [5,14] Keeping the CO 2 in the subsurface requires geologic conditions that create a trap consisting of one or more layers of impermeable rock (caprocks), which are layers of sediments (shale or evaporates) that impede CO 2 movement and act to trap the CO 2 for millennia. Saline Formations Saline formations are layers of porous rock, such as sandstone and limestone, which are saturated with brine. They are much more extensive than coal seams or oil- and gasbearing reservoirs and represent an enormous potential for CO 2 storage. However, much less is known about saline formations because of a lack of characterization data, such as that acquired through resource recovery from oil and gas reservoirs and coal seams. Therefore, there is greater uncertainty regarding the volume and suitability of saline formations for CO 2 storage. [14]

4 Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Fig. 2 CO 2 injected at depths below 2600 ft (800 m) increases in density with depth and becomes a supercritical fluid. Supercritical fluids take up much less space and diffuse better than either gases or ordinary liquids through the tiny pore spaces in storage rocks. The blue numbers show the volume of CO 2 at each depth compared to a volume of 100 at the surface. Source: Data from CO2CRC ( The suitability of deep saline formations for the storage of CO 2 is the result of various physical and chemical mechanisms that act on different time scales, such as dissolution and mineral precipitation. In stratigraphic and structural traps, CO 2 storage capacity can be estimated following procedures similar to those for oil and gas reservoirs, but still involves an understanding of temperature, pressure, and salinity constraints. In the large areas that do not have well-defined traps, a general rough estimate of capacity can be achieved through time-discounted estimates of dissolution potential. With time, increasingly secure physical and chemical trapping mechanisms come into play, and the overall security of storage in saline formations increases (Fig. 3). However, it is critical to understand the displacement and migration of saline water and the injected CO 2 within these deep formations. The GS potential of saline formations is very large, but accurate capacity estimates require significant local refinement and modeling. The GS potential for saline formations in portions of the United States has been estimated to range from 900 billion to more than 3300 billion metric tons. [5] Oil and Gas Reservoirs Mature oil and gas reservoirs have held crude oil and natural gas over millions of years. They consist of a layer of permeable rock with a layer of non-permeable rock (caprock) above, such that the nonpermeable layer forms a trap that holds the hydrocarbons in place. Oil and gas fields have many characteristics that make them excellent target locations for GS of CO 2. The geologic conditions that trap oil and gas are also the conditions that are conducive to CO 2 storage. As a value-added benefit, CO 2 injected into a mature oil reservoir can enable incremental oil recovery. A small amount of CO 2 will dissolve in the oil, increasing the bulk volume and decreasing the viscosity, thereby facilitating flow to the wellbore. Typically, primary oil recovery and secondary recovery via water flooding produce 30 40% of a reservoir s original oil in place (OOIP). A CO 2 flood allows recovery of an additional 10 15% of the OOIP. Oil and gas reservoirs are the best understood of the potential GS options as a result of exploration for, and production of, hydrocarbons. The volume of CO 2 that can be stored in

5 Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage The suitability of a coal seam for CO 2 GS can be evaluated on technical, economic, and regulatory (resource protection) criteria. [14,15] However, limited operating experience with ECBM technology and poor understanding of CO 2 /coal interactions under reservoir conditions has limited storage applications. A number of pilot projects in coal seams are underway or planned to address gaps in knowledge. An initial estimate of GS potential of coal seams in the United State is billion metric tons. [5] Fig. 3 As time passes, increasingly secure trapping mechanisms come into play, and overall storage security increases. This is especially important in saline formations where relatively well understood structural and stratigraphic trapping operates over short time frames. Source: Data from CO2CRC ( an oil and gas reservoir can be estimated based primarily on the reservoir s depth and size and the volume of produced fluids. [14] Over the past 30 years, enhanced oil recovery (EOR) using CO 2 flooding has proven to be valuable technology in areas with natural CO 2 supplies, as miscible and immiscible CO 2 flooding can revitalize mature oil fields. At present, limited availability of CO 2 in most regions constrains production from CO 2 -based EOR. However, carbon capture applied to advanced electric power generation facilities and other industrial processes could produce large quantities of CO 2, which could be sold to oil and gas producers for use in enhanced oil and gas recovery while at the same time storing CO 2 in reservoirs deep beneath the earth s surface. An initial estimate of GS potential of oil and gas fields in the United State exceeds 83 billion metric tons. [5] Coal Seams Unminable coal seams are seams that are too deep or too thin to be economically mined. All coals have varying amounts of methane adsorbed onto pore surfaces, and wells can be drilled into unminable coalbeds to recover this coalbed methane (CBM). Initial CBM recovery methods, such as dewatering and depressurization, leave a considerable amount of methane in the formation. Additional recovery can be achieved by sweeping the coalbed with CO 2. Depending on coal rank and properties, two or more molecules of CO 2 are adsorbed for each molecule of methane released, thereby providing an excellent storage site for CO 2 with the additional benefit of enhanced coalbed methane (ECBM) recovery. Similar to maturing oil reservoirs, unminable coalbeds are good value-added candidates for CO 2 storage. Monitoring, Verification, and Accounting Geologic storage of CO 2 requires monitoring, verification, and accounting (MVA) activities at the storage site, as well as risk assessment and development of mitigation strategies that can be implemented should a problem arise. Effective application of MVA technologies ensures the safety of sequestration projects, with respect to both human health and the environment, and provides the basis for establishing carbon credits on trading markets for sequestered CO 2. Monitoring methods, such as subsurface pressure monitoring, geochemical monitoring, well logging, and surface monitoring, will help demonstrate that the CO 2 is contained in the storage formation and not leaking. Other techniques, such as seismic imaging and electromagnetic imaging, provide an indication of where the CO 2 plume might migrate in the formation so that the monitoring strategies can be modified during the project s life. Risk assessment focuses on identifying and quantifying potential risks to humans and the environment associated with geologic CO 2 storage and helps to ensure that these risks remain low. For well-selected, designed, and managed GS sites, risks are estimated to be comparable to those associated with current hydrocarbon activities. [13] Conclusion Geologic storage is one of several strategies for reducing CO 2 emissions to the atmosphere. Several projects injecting CO 2 into geologic formations have been underway for more than a decade, and more than 30 years of industrial experience has demonstrated that CO 2 can be safely transported and injected into the deep subsurface. There are a number of challenges to the widespread implementation of the GS of CO 2, including reducing capital and operating costs, improving understanding of long-term CO 2 behavior in the subsurface, improving monitoring methods, developing a satisfactory regulatory environment, establishing long-term custody of the stored CO 2, and keeping the public informed and accepting of the technology (Fig. 4). Numerous pilot and large-scale field projects are underway or planned throughout the United States [12] and the world [13] over the next few years. Information from these projects

6 Geologic Carbon Capture and Storage Fig. 4 Geologic storage will be a long-term process stretching over decades of active operations and possibly hundreds of years of custodial care. Geologic storage of CO 2 will include developing an understanding of storage sites and long-term CO 2 behavior in the subsurface, implementing monitoring and verification techniques, maintaining regulatory oversight, establishing long-term custody of the stored CO 2, and keeping the public informed. should go a long way toward facilitating the development of geologic CO 2 storage. References Tans, P. Trends in Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide Mauna Loa. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce. gmd/ccgg/trends/ (accessed May, 2008). Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. International Energy Outlook 2007, doe.gov/oiaf/ieo/pdf/0484(2007).pdf (accessed April, 2008). Socolow, R.; Hotinski, R.; Greenblatt, J.; et al. Solving the climate problem Technologies available to curb CO 2 emissions. Environment 2004, 46 (10), Greenblatt, J.; Sarmiento, J. Variability and climate feedback mechanisms in ocean uptake of CO 2. In The Global Carbon Cycle: Integrating Humans, Climate, and the Natural World; Field, C., Raupach, M., Eds.; Island Press: Washington, D.C., National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy. Carbon Sequestration Atlas of the United States and Canada, 2 nd Ed; November 2008, gov/technologies/carbon_seq/refshelf/atlasii/atlasii.pdf (accessed April, 2009). United Nations. 3rd Conference of the Parties, Kyoto, Japan, 1997, protocol/items/1678.php (accessed April, 2008). United Nations. United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, 1992, convkp/conveng.pdf (accessed April, 2008). Energy Information Administration, U.S. Department of Energy. Energy-related emissions and environmental analyses, 2007, (accessed April, 2008). Korbol, R.; Kaddour, A. Sleipner vest CO 2 disposal: Injection of removed CO 2 into the Utsira Formation. Energy Conserv. Manage. 1994, 36 (6 9), Riddiford, F.; Wight, I.; Bishop, C.; et al. Monitoring Geological Storage in the In Salah Gas CO 2 Storage Project, Proceedings of the 7 th International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies (GHGT-7), September 5 9, 2004, Vancouver, BC, Canada. Moberg, R.; Stewart, D.; Stachniak, D. The IEA Weyburn CO 2 Monitoring Project, Proceedings of the Sixth International Conference on Greenhouse Gas Control Technologies, October, 1 4, 2002, Kyoto, Japan: ; Gale, J., Kaya, J., Eds. National Energy Technology Laboratory, U.S. Department of Energy. Regional carbon sequestration partnerships, partnerships.html (accessed April 2008). Benson, S; Anderson, J.; Bradshaw, J.; et al. Underground geological storage. In Special Report on Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage; Metz, B., Davidson, O., de Coninck, H.C., Loos, M., Meyer, L.A., Eds.; IPCC Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Cambridge University Press: Cambridge, U.K., and New York, NY, U.S.A., 2005, srccs_wholereport.pdf (accessed April, 2008). Bachu, S.; Bonijoly, D.; Bradshaw, J.; et al. CO 2 storage capacity estimation: Methodology and gaps. Int. J. Greenhouse Gas Control 2007, 4, Oudinot, A.; Schepers, K.; Reeves, S. Gas Injection and Breakthrough Trends as Observed in ECBM Sequestration Pilot Projects and Field Demonstrations, Paper No. 0714, 2007 International Coalbed Methane Symposium, Tuscaloosa, AL, May 21 25, 2007, Gas%20Injection%20and%20Breakthrough%20Trends%2 0-%20CBM%20Paper%200714%20-% pdf (accessed April, 2008).

CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery

CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery CO2 Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute for 21st Century Energy U.S. Chamber of Commerce www.energyxxi.org The mission of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce s Institute for 21st Century Energy is to unify policymakers,

More information

POLISH NATIONAL PROGRAMME ON SAFE CO2 GEOLOGICAL STORAGE

POLISH NATIONAL PROGRAMME ON SAFE CO2 GEOLOGICAL STORAGE ordered by funding POLISH NATIONAL PROGRAMME ON SAFE CO2 GEOLOGICAL STORAGE Adam WÓJCICKI Polsh Geological Institute CO2NET EAST workshop in Bratislava, March 2008 THE PROGRAMME In response to demands

More information

Dr Dubravka Pokrajac

Dr Dubravka Pokrajac Geological storage of CO 2 in saline aquifers by Dr Dubravka Pokrajac The LRET Research Collegium Southampton, 11 July 2 September 2011 1 Geological storage of CO2 in saline aquifers Dubravka Pokrajac

More information

Topics: The Petroleum System. Origin of Petroleum. Arguments for biogenic origin. Google search : Origin of Petroleum : Hugoton Gas Field (Kansas)

Topics: The Petroleum System. Origin of Petroleum. Arguments for biogenic origin. Google search : Origin of Petroleum : Hugoton Gas Field (Kansas) The Petroleum System Topics: Origin of Petroleum Controversy Carbon Cycle Global Implications Petroleum System Gas Oil Water Origin of Petroleum Long standing debate: Where does rock oil come from? Organic

More information

Putting a chill on global warming

Putting a chill on global warming Carbon capture and storage Putting a chill on global warming SABINE SULZER SULZER PUMPS MARKUS DUSS SULZER CHEMTECH Whenever fuel is burned, carbon dioxide (CO ) is emitted into the atmosphere. The subsequent

More information

SPE-139516 Life beyond 80 A Look at Conventional WAG Recovery beyond 80% HCPV Injection in CO2 Tertiary Floods David Merchant, Merchant Consulting

SPE-139516 Life beyond 80 A Look at Conventional WAG Recovery beyond 80% HCPV Injection in CO2 Tertiary Floods David Merchant, Merchant Consulting CMTC-440075-MS SPE-139516 Life beyond 80 A Look at Conventional WAG Recovery beyond 80% HCPV Injection in CO2 Tertiary Floods David Merchant, Merchant Consulting Copyright 2015, Carbon Management Technology

More information

APPENDIX D RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY

APPENDIX D RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY APPENDIX D RISK ASSESSMENT METHODOLOGY There are numerous human-health and ecological issues associated with the construction and operation of any large coal-fueled electric power generation facility.

More information

Greening Fossil Fuels

Greening Fossil Fuels Greening Fossil Fuels Joan F. Brennecke University of Notre Dame American Chemical Society Summer School on Green Chemistry and Sustainable Energy July 23, 2013 Outline World energy demand Role of fossil

More information

Carbon dioxide storage

Carbon dioxide storage Grantham Institute for Climate Change Briefing paper No 4 December 2010 professor Martin Blunt Executive summary Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) refers to the set of technologies developed to capture

More information

The reversible geological storage of CO 2, chimera or desirable goal

The reversible geological storage of CO 2, chimera or desirable goal The reversible geological storage of CO 2, chimera or desirable goal Didier Bonijoly Directeur adjoint Direction des GéoRessources BRGM mercredi 11 juin 14 > The reversible geological storage of CO 2,

More information

REMEDIATION OF LEAKAGE FROM CO 2 STORAGE RESERVOIRS

REMEDIATION OF LEAKAGE FROM CO 2 STORAGE RESERVOIRS REMEDIATION OF LEAKAGE FROM CO 2 STORAGE RESERVOIRS Technical Study Report Number: 2007/11 Date: September 2007 This document has been prepared for the Executive Committee of the IEA GHG Programme. It

More information

A Proposal of Regulatory Framework for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Geological Formations

A Proposal of Regulatory Framework for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Geological Formations A Proposal of Regulatory Framework for Carbon Dioxide Storage in Geological Formations Semere Solomon 1, Beate Kristiansen 1, Aage Stangeland 1, Tore A. Torp 2, Olav Kårstad 2 January, 2007 1 The Bellona

More information

SaskPower CCS Global Consortium Bringing Boundary Dam to the World. Mike Monea, President Carbon Capture and Storage Initiatives

SaskPower CCS Global Consortium Bringing Boundary Dam to the World. Mike Monea, President Carbon Capture and Storage Initiatives SaskPower CCS Global Consortium Bringing Boundary Dam to the World Mike Monea, President Carbon Capture and Storage Initiatives 1 Purpose of Today A. CCS around the world B. What SaskPower is doing C.

More information

Enhanced oil recovery and the geological sequestration of carbon dioxide: Regulation and carbon crediting

Enhanced oil recovery and the geological sequestration of carbon dioxide: Regulation and carbon crediting Enhanced oil recovery and the geological sequestration of carbon dioxide: Regulation and carbon crediting A report prepared for Natural Resources Canada Nigel Bankes and Elizabeth Brennan March 2013 Acknowledgments

More information

GEOLOGICAL STORAGE OF CO 2 processes, risks and opportunities

GEOLOGICAL STORAGE OF CO 2 processes, risks and opportunities GEOLOGICAL STORAGE OF CO 2 processes, risks and opportunities Holger Ott DPG-Frühjahrstagung, Arbeitskreis Energie Berlin, 16. März 2015 Shell Global Solutions International B.V. DEFINITIONS & CAUTIONARY

More information

International Monitoring Updates from IEAGHG Monitoring Network

International Monitoring Updates from IEAGHG Monitoring Network International Monitoring Updates from IEAGHG Monitoring Network US DOE Carbon Storage R&D Project Review Meeting 12 th 14 th August 2014 Pittsburgh Panel Don White, Geological Survey of Canada, NRCAN Katherine

More information

Italy - Porto Tolle: storage in offshore saline aquifer

Italy - Porto Tolle: storage in offshore saline aquifer Italy - Porto Tolle: storage in offshore saline aquifer Monia Politi Enel - Engineering & Innovation Division - Research CO2GeoNet Open Forum 9-11 May 2011, San Servolo Island, Venice High level overview

More information

Alberta Research Council (ARC) Enhanced Coalbed Methane (ECBM) Recovery Project in Alberta, Canada

Alberta Research Council (ARC) Enhanced Coalbed Methane (ECBM) Recovery Project in Alberta, Canada Alberta Research Council (ARC) Enhanced Coalbed Methane (ECBM) Recovery Project in Alberta, Canada Bill Gunter Alberta Research Council (ARC) Inc. Edmonton, Alberta, Canada CBM Resources of Western Canada

More information

Fuel Gas CO2 Recovery Utilization, Disposal, and Business Development

Fuel Gas CO2 Recovery Utilization, Disposal, and Business Development Fuel Gas CO2 Recovery Utilization, Disposal, and Business Development Masaki Iijima Takashi Kamijo Toru Takashina Akira Oguchi (MHI) has developed a process for recovering CO2 effectively from the exhaust

More information

Status of carbon capture and storage technologies Conclusions from a new STV prestudy

Status of carbon capture and storage technologies Conclusions from a new STV prestudy Status of carbon capture and storage technologies Conclusions from a new STV prestudy Sebastian Teir Presented at the Clean coal-seminar, arranged by Fortum and STV, 4.3.2009, Espoo Contents of the prestudy

More information

Carbon capture and storage: UK s fourth energy pillar, or broken bridge? SCCS Briefing 2009-03

Carbon capture and storage: UK s fourth energy pillar, or broken bridge? SCCS Briefing 2009-03 Carbon capture and storage: UK s fourth energy pillar, or broken bridge? SCCS Briefing 2009-03 Stuart Haszeldine s.haszeldine@ed.ac.uk Professor of Geology, School of GeoSciences, University of Edinburgh

More information

Siting Geologic Sequestration Projects for Commercial Power Plants

Siting Geologic Sequestration Projects for Commercial Power Plants Siting Geologic Sequestration Projects for Commercial Power Plants B. Peter McGrail Laboratory Fellow Pacific Northwest National Laboratory Richland, Washington Axioms There is no mainstream process for

More information

Geothermal. . To reduce the CO 2 emissions a lot of effort is put in the development of large scale application of sustainable energy.

Geothermal. . To reduce the CO 2 emissions a lot of effort is put in the development of large scale application of sustainable energy. Geothermal Energy With increasing fossil fuel prices, geothermal energy is an attractive alternative energy source for district heating and industrial heating. In recent years the use of geothermal energy

More information

Carbon Capture & Storage. Summary Report of the Regulatory Framework Assessment

Carbon Capture & Storage. Summary Report of the Regulatory Framework Assessment Carbon Capture & Storage Summary Report of the Regulatory Framework Assessment Carbon capture & storage Summary Report of the Regulatory Framework Assessment This document is available on the Internet

More information

CCS Activities and Developments in China

CCS Activities and Developments in China PetroChina Company Limited CCS Activities and Developments in China September 10-11,2007 11,2007 Outline Government support to CCS International cooperation Developments of CCS projects Recent CCS project

More information

The Law and Economics of CO 2 as a Pollutant and Commodity

The Law and Economics of CO 2 as a Pollutant and Commodity The Law and Economics of CO 2 as a Pollutant and Commodity Owen R. Phillips Department of Economics & Finance Enhanced Oil Recovery Institute University of Wyoming March 26, 2008 We think of CO 2 as the

More information

Facts on CO 2 Capture and Storage

Facts on CO 2 Capture and Storage Facts on CO 2 Capture and Storage A Summary of a Special Report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change A summary by: CARBON DIOXIDE CAPTURE AND STORAGE (CCS) is a technique by which CO2 could

More information

Potential for Geologic Storage of CO 2 in Western Maryland Phase I Studies

Potential for Geologic Storage of CO 2 in Western Maryland Phase I Studies Potential for Geologic Storage of CO 2 in Western Maryland Phase I Studies Christine Conn Energy Resources Administrator Power Plant Research Program, Maryland Department of Natural Resources Gerald Baum

More information

The CO2 Geological Storage: how it works

The CO2 Geological Storage: how it works The CO2 Geological Storage: how it works Salvatore Lombardi Carbonia, Centro Ricerche Sotacarbo, 27 novembre 2014 Contents of the presentation Notes on CO2 Geological Storage (CGS) How it works How we

More information

The CO2 Geological Storage: how it works Salvatore Lombardi

The CO2 Geological Storage: how it works Salvatore Lombardi The CO2 Geological Storage: how it works Salvatore Lombardi Carbonia, Centro Ricerche Sotacarbo, 27 novembre 2014 Contents of the presentation Notes on CO2 Geological Storage (CGS) How it works How we

More information

Beijing, China b CMOE Key Laboratory of Petroleum Engineering in China University

Beijing, China b CMOE Key Laboratory of Petroleum Engineering in China University This article was downloaded by: [Zhejiang University On: 21 September 2014, At: 03:04 Publisher: Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered office:

More information

[]n. Craving energy. Oil and gas formation. Oil and gas formation. Resources: Fossil Fuels. Supplying our energy needs: Source of energy in the US

[]n. Craving energy. Oil and gas formation. Oil and gas formation. Resources: Fossil Fuels. Supplying our energy needs: Source of energy in the US Craving energy Supplying our energy needs: Source of energy in the US Resources: Fossil Fuels Energy consumption in the US Reading: Ch 13 Oil and gas formation Oil and gas formation 1. Need accumulation

More information

Objectives. Describing Waterflooding. Infill Drilling. Reservoir Life Cycle

Objectives. Describing Waterflooding. Infill Drilling. Reservoir Life Cycle Objectives Describing Waterflooding Definition Objectives Candidates Patterns Oil, water, and gas saturations Fractional flow Performance measures Practices and problems Reservoir monitoring 1 2 Reservoir

More information

GESTCO final report. Work Package 2, Study area F: Storage in deep coal beds : Germany

GESTCO final report. Work Package 2, Study area F: Storage in deep coal beds : Germany GESTCO final report Work Package 2, Study area F: Storage in deep coal beds : Germany compiled by Franz May, Bundesanstalt für Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe, Hannover 1 Principle...2 2 Estimate of maximal

More information

Online publication date: 19 May 2010 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE

Online publication date: 19 May 2010 PLEASE SCROLL DOWN FOR ARTICLE This article was downloaded by: [Patterson, David A.] On: 19 May 2010 Access details: Access Details: [subscription number 922426156] Publisher Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered

More information

Oil and Gas Terms. Anticline: An arch of stratified rock layers that may form a trap for hydrocarbons.

Oil and Gas Terms. Anticline: An arch of stratified rock layers that may form a trap for hydrocarbons. Oil and Gas Terms American Petroleum Institute (API): The API is the trade organization for the oil and gas industry, which establishes standards governing industry operations, safety and the manufacturing

More information

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit

How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit 3D EG REES WH ITE PAPER How to Earn the LEED Green Power Credit Using on-site and off-site renewable energy to mitigate the impact of greenhouse gas emissions associated with a LEED project s energy use

More information

Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations. Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations. Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory Energy Projections 2006 2030 Price and Policy Considerations Dr. Randy Hudson Oak Ridge National Laboratory There is perhaps no single current topic so potentially impacting to all life on this planet

More information

Carbon Sequestration Update on National and Western State Activities. November 2007

Carbon Sequestration Update on National and Western State Activities. November 2007 Carbon Sequestration Update on National and Western State Activities November 2007 Federal On October 11, 2007, U.S. Environmental Protection Administrator Stephen Johnson announced the agency's intent

More information

Rafael Leal-Arcas a a Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS), Queen Mary,

Rafael Leal-Arcas a a Centre for Commercial Law Studies (CCLS), Queen Mary, This article was downloaded by: [Universitätsbibliothek Bern], [rafael leal-arcas] On: 27 August 2013, At: 07:59 Publisher: Routledge Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954

More information

SECARB 10 th Annual Stakeholders' Briefing. Southern Company CCS R&D: Plant Barry CCS Demo. Dr. Richard A. Esposito Southern Company.

SECARB 10 th Annual Stakeholders' Briefing. Southern Company CCS R&D: Plant Barry CCS Demo. Dr. Richard A. Esposito Southern Company. SECARB 10 th Annual Stakeholders' Briefing Southern Company CCS R&D: Plant Barry CCS Demo Dr. Richard A. Esposito Southern Company March 12, 2015 Introduction to Southern Company Regulated Utility Franchises

More information

Specialist Reservoir Engineering

Specialist Reservoir Engineering Specialist Reservoir Engineering RPS Energy - a global energy consultancy RPS Energy is part of RPS Group, a FTSE 250 company with a turnover of $700m and 4500 employees. It is one of the world s leading

More information

Clean Energy Systems, Inc.

Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Clean Energy Systems, Inc. Clean Energy Systems (CES) technology is a zero emission, oxy-fuel combustion power plant. CES approach has been to apply gas generators and high-temperature, high-pressure,

More information

MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND RELATIONAL DATABASE (MIDCARB) Introduction

MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND RELATIONAL DATABASE (MIDCARB) Introduction MIDCONTINENT INTERACTIVE DIGITAL CARBON ATLAS AND RELATIONAL DATABASE (MIDCARB) Timothy R., Carr (tcarr@kgs.ukans.edu; 785-864-2135) Scott W. White (whites@kgs.ukans.edu; 785-864-2135) Kansas Geological

More information

Making Coal Use Compatible with Measures to Counter Global Warming

Making Coal Use Compatible with Measures to Counter Global Warming Making Use Compatible with Measures to Counter Global Warming The J-POWER Group is one of the biggest coal users in Japan, consuming approximately 2 million tons of coal per year at eight coal-fired power

More information

Levelized Cost of New Electricity Generating Technologies

Levelized Cost of New Electricity Generating Technologies Levelized Cost of New Electricity Generating Technologies The Energy Information Administration (EIA) produces forecasts of energy supply and demand for the next 20 years using the National Energy Modeling

More information

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR CO 2 CAPTURE AND STORAGE

ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR CO 2 CAPTURE AND STORAGE ENVIRONMENTAL ASSESSMENT FOR CO 2 CAPTURE AND STORAGE Technical Study Report Number: 2007/1 Date: March 2007 This document has been prepared for the Executive Committee of the IEA GHG Programme. It is

More information

Geological Formations in the San Joaquin Valley -- Potential for Carbon Sequestration Dr. Jan Gillespie California State University Bakersfield Target formations for CO 2 storage Burruss et al., 2009

More information

Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon. fact SHEET

Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon. fact SHEET Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon fact SHEET Policy & Management Applications of Blue Carbon Coastal Blue Carbon - An Important Wetland Ecosystem Service Coastal Blue Carbon refers to the

More information

Where does carbon come from?

Where does carbon come from? Where does carbon come from? What are Carbon Sinks? Presentation by Jutta Kill SinksWatch jutta@fern.org www.sinkswatch.org Carbon dioxide is a gas that is created when carbon (C) comes in contact with

More information

Chapter 1 Introduction

Chapter 1 Introduction Chapter 1 Section 1421 of SDWA tasks EPA with protecting USDWs for all current and future drinking water supplies across the country (see section 1.3 for the complete definition of a USDW). EPA s UIC Program

More information

Carbon Dioxide Capture

Carbon Dioxide Capture Carbon Dioxide Capture and Geologic Storage A CORE ELEMENT OF A GLOBAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY TO ADDRESS CLIMATE CHANGE A TECHNOLOGY REPORT FROM THE SECOND PHASE OF THE GLOBAL ENERGY TECHNOLOGY STRATEGY

More information

UNITED STATES SUBMISSION TO THE WORLD ENERGY COUNCIL ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE STUDY

UNITED STATES SUBMISSION TO THE WORLD ENERGY COUNCIL ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE STUDY UNITED STATES SUBMISSION TO THE WORLD ENERGY COUNCIL ENERGY AND CLIMATE CHANGE STUDY [For internal Study Committee use only. Not for external distribution] DRAFT ONE A. Background The United States has

More information

Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and-conditions

Full terms and conditions of use: http://www.tandfonline.com/page/terms-and-conditions This article was downloaded by: [Lanzhou Institute of Geology] On: 27 February 2013, At: 01:00 Publisher: Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered

More information

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster»)

Groupwork CCS. Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) Platzhalter Logo/Schriftzug (Anpassung im Folienmaster: Menü «Ansicht» «Folienmaster») Groupwork CCS Bio-Energy with CCS (BECCS) group 5 02.05.2015 1 Content What is BECCS? Stakeholder Analysis Resources on Global scale SWOT analysis Climate BECCS Technology Conclusions Outlook group 5 02.05.2015

More information

PUTTING CARBON BACK INTO THE GROUND

PUTTING CARBON BACK INTO THE GROUND PUTTING CARBON BACK INTO THE GROUND This report has been produced by the IEA Greenhouse Gas R&D Programme. Whilst every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of information contained in this report,

More information

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging

Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Communicating Your Commitment: Your Guide to Clean Energy Messaging Congratulations on your recent purchase of clean energy from Renewable Choice! Whether you ve purchased green power in the form of renewable

More information

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518

12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 12.5: Generating Current Electricity pg. 518 Key Concepts: 1. Electrical energy is produced by energy transformations. 2. Electrical energy is produced from renewable and non-renewable resources. 4. Electrical

More information

Our financing of the energy sector in 2013

Our financing of the energy sector in 2013 Our financing of the energy sector in 213 rbs.com/sustainable About this document This report is the fourth Our financing of the energy sector briefing that we have produced since 21. The aim remains the

More information

Greenhouse Gas Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates: Distinct Commodities in an Evolving Market The Climate Trust

Greenhouse Gas Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates: Distinct Commodities in an Evolving Market The Climate Trust Greenhouse Gas Offsets and Renewable Energy Certificates: Distinct Commodities in an Evolving Market The Climate Trust Introduction The framework for future climate policy is emerging in the United States

More information

Industrial CO 2 Storage in Mt. Simon Sandstone Saline Reservoir A Large-Scale Demonstration Project in Illinois

Industrial CO 2 Storage in Mt. Simon Sandstone Saline Reservoir A Large-Scale Demonstration Project in Illinois CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS Industrial CO 2 Storage in Mt. Simon Sandstone Saline Reservoir A Large-Scale Demonstration Project in Illinois Abstract #143 Sai Gollakota and Scott McDonald* National Energy Technology

More information

Nuclear Power s Role in Enhancing Energy Security in a Dangerous World Al Shpyth, B.A., M.E.S. Director, Government Relations Cameco Corporation

Nuclear Power s Role in Enhancing Energy Security in a Dangerous World Al Shpyth, B.A., M.E.S. Director, Government Relations Cameco Corporation Nuclear Power s Role in Enhancing Energy Security in a Dangerous World Al Shpyth, B.A., M.E.S. Director, Government Relations Cameco Corporation Introduction: Should we be concerned about energy security?

More information

Nuclear power is part of the solution for fighting climate change

Nuclear power is part of the solution for fighting climate change Nuclear power is part of the solution for fighting climate change "Nuclear for Climate" is an initiative undertaken by the members of the French Nuclear Energy Society (SFEN), the American Nuclear Society

More information

1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY

1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.0 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 1.1 INTRODUCTION The U.S. Department of Energy s Carbon Sequestration (CS) program directly supports the President s Global Climate Change Initiative designed to reduce the carbon

More information

N O T E S. Environmental Forensics. Identification of Natural Gas Sources using Geochemical Forensic Tools. Dispute Scenarios

N O T E S. Environmental Forensics. Identification of Natural Gas Sources using Geochemical Forensic Tools. Dispute Scenarios Environmental Forensics N O T E S V o l u m e 2 9 Identification of Natural Gas Sources using Geochemical Forensic Tools By Paul Boehm, Ph.D. and Tarek Saba, Ph.D. F o r m o r e i n f o r m a t i o n o

More information

CONTENTS. Promising storage capacity estimates. Expansion of coal in the next 30 years. The economic potential of CCS in Vietnam.

CONTENTS. Promising storage capacity estimates. Expansion of coal in the next 30 years. The economic potential of CCS in Vietnam. CCS DEPLOYMENT POTENTIAL IN VIETNAM S POWER SECTOR Presented by: Nhan T. Nguyen With contribution from Minh Ha-Duong and Anh T.H. Nguyen Centre International de Recherche sur l Environnement et le Développement

More information

Volume 1. Chapter 4. Environmental Issues

Volume 1. Chapter 4. Environmental Issues Volume 1 Chapter 4 Environmental Issues Environmental Discussion CHAPTER 4 ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES Volume 1, Chapter 4 Environmental Issues Environmental issues are the source of considerable uncertainty

More information

MHI s Energy Efficient Flue Gas CO 2 Capture Technology and Large Scale CCS Demonstration Test at Coal-fired Power Plants in USA

MHI s Energy Efficient Flue Gas CO 2 Capture Technology and Large Scale CCS Demonstration Test at Coal-fired Power Plants in USA MHI s Energy Efficient Flue Gas CO 2 Capture Technology and Large Scale CCS Demonstration Test at Coal-fired Power Plants in USA 26 MASAKI IIJIMA *1 TATSUTO NAGAYASU *2 TAKASHI KAMIJYO *3 SHINSUKE NAKATANI

More information

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid

This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid What Is Integrated Solid Waste Management? This fact sheet provides an overview of options for managing solid waste, identifies the important issues you should consider when planning for solid waste management,

More information

Monitoring strategies for CO 2. Nick Riley Jonathan Pearce. Storage

Monitoring strategies for CO 2. Nick Riley Jonathan Pearce. Storage Monitoring strategies for CO 2 storage Nick Riley Jonathan Pearce Outline of talk Why do we need to monitor CO 2? How & what do we monitor? Monitoring strategies Summary EU CCS Directive Overriding consideration

More information

Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection. fact SHEET

Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection. fact SHEET Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection fact SHEET Using the Carbon Market to Provide Financial Support for Coastal Restoration and Protection Coastal

More information

Fossil Energy Study Guide: Oil

Fossil Energy Study Guide: Oil Petroleum or crude oil is a fossil fuel that is found in large quantities beneath the Earth s surface and is often used as a fuel or raw material in the chemical industry. It is a smelly, yellow-to-black

More information

Site Screening, Site Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations

Site Screening, Site Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations BEST PRACTICES for: Site Screening, Site Selection, and Initial Characterization for Storage of CO2 in Deep Geologic Formations 2013 Revised Edition Disclaimer This report was prepared as an account of

More information

HALITE PRECIPITATION AND PERMEABILITY ASSESSMENT DURING SUPERCRITICAL CO 2 CORE FLOOD

HALITE PRECIPITATION AND PERMEABILITY ASSESSMENT DURING SUPERCRITICAL CO 2 CORE FLOOD SCA2010-18 1/12 HALITE PRECIPITATION AND PERMEABILITY ASSESSMENT DURING SUPERCRITICAL CO 2 CORE FLOOD Y. Wang a, T. Luce a, C. Ishizawa a, M. Shuck a, K. Smith a, H. Ott b, and M. Appel a Shell International

More information

Natural Resources Canada Office of Energy Efficiency 580 Booth Street Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E4

Natural Resources Canada Office of Energy Efficiency 580 Booth Street Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E4 THE ADDITION OF UNCONVENTIONAL NATURAL GAS SUPPLY Prepared For: Natural Resources Canada Office of Energy Efficiency 580 Booth Street Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E4 Prepared By Consultants Inc. 11657 Summit Crescent

More information

Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne http://nuclearinfo.net

Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne http://nuclearinfo.net Energy Options in a Carbon Constrained World. Martin Sevior, School of Physics, University of Melbourne Energy underpins our Civilization Imagine one week without Electricity Imagine one week without Motorized

More information

The Problem. Enhanced Oil Recovery Research. Research Details. www.equilibar.com. For immediate release: June, 2015

The Problem. Enhanced Oil Recovery Research. Research Details. www.equilibar.com. For immediate release: June, 2015 For immediate release: June, 2015 Equilibar Plays Key Role in Research of Enhanced Oil Recovery Using Carbonated Water Flooding Dome loaded regulator holds pressure under extreme testing conditions at

More information

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions GIIRS Emerging Market Assessment Resource Guide: What s in this Guide? I. Definition: What Are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate Company-wide GHGs IV. Outsourcing

More information

CARBON THROUGH THE SEASONS

CARBON THROUGH THE SEASONS DESCRIPTION In this lesson plan, students learn about the carbon cycle and understand how concentrations of carbon dioxide (CO 2 ) in the Earth s atmosphere vary as the seasons change. Students also learn

More information

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed?

Nonrenewable Natural Gas. Natural Gas Basics. How Was Natural Gas Formed? Did You Know? Because natural gas is colorless, odorless, and tasteless, mercaptan (a chemical that smells like sulfur) is added before distribution, to give it a distinct unpleasant odor (it smells like

More information

Comparison Between Gas Injection and Water Flooding, in Aspect of Secondary Recovery in One of Iranian Oil Reservoirs

Comparison Between Gas Injection and Water Flooding, in Aspect of Secondary Recovery in One of Iranian Oil Reservoirs Comparison Between Gas Injection and Water Flooding, in Aspect of Secondary Recovery in One of Iranian Oil Reservoirs BABAK AMINSHAHIDY 1, MEHDI FOROOZANFAR 2 1 Department of Petroleum Engineering,University

More information

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources

Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability. Non-renewable and renewable resources Energy Tutorial: Energy and Sustainability Non-renewable and renewable resources Provided by Sponsored by INTRODUCTION We use energy for everything we do, whether it is heating our homes, cooking a meal,

More information

Published online: 17 Jun 2010.

Published online: 17 Jun 2010. This article was downloaded by: [Sam Houston State University] On: 07 August 2014, At: 15:09 Publisher: Taylor & Francis Informa Ltd Registered in England and Wales Registered Number: 1072954 Registered

More information

Assured capacity and safe geological storage of CO 2

Assured capacity and safe geological storage of CO 2 Assured capacity and safe geological storage of CO 2 Ceri J Vincent CO 2 GeoNet Executive Committee Chair and British Geological Survey, UK email: info@co2geonet.com website: www.co2geonet.eu Assured storage

More information

The Effect of EPA s Proposed NSPS on. Carbon Capture and Storage Technology

The Effect of EPA s Proposed NSPS on. Carbon Capture and Storage Technology The Effect of EPA s Proposed NSPS on Carbon Capture and Storage Technology Executive Summary Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is expected to require two generations of technology development to be commercially

More information

Developing Onshore Shale Gas and Oil Facts about Fracking

Developing Onshore Shale Gas and Oil Facts about Fracking Developing Onshore Shale Gas and Oil Facts about Fracking December 2013 Crown copyright 2013 You may re-use this information (not including logos) free of charge in any format or medium, under the terms

More information

Universidade Fernando Pessoa - CIAGEB, Praça de 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal 2

Universidade Fernando Pessoa - CIAGEB, Praça de 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal 2 1 Universidade Fernando Pessoa - CIAGEB, Praça de 9 de Abril 349, 4249-004 Porto, Portugal 2 Academia das Ciências de Lisboa, Rua da Academia das Ciências 19, 1249-122 Lisboa, Portugal 16-18 Sept 2009

More information

Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint

Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint Climate Change and Renewable Energy A Perspective from a Measurements Viewpoint Regional Workshop on Metrology and Technology Challenges of Climate Change and Renewable Energy Guatemala City, Guatemala

More information

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Canada. CCS Technical Experts Meeting UNFCCC Bonn, Germany October 21, 2014

Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Canada. CCS Technical Experts Meeting UNFCCC Bonn, Germany October 21, 2014 1 Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS) in Canada CCS Technical Experts Meeting UNFCCC Bonn, Germany October 21, 2014 2 Canada s Approach on CCS Recognizing the potential of CCS to reduce GHG emissions from

More information

Issue. September 2012

Issue. September 2012 September 2012 Issue In a future world of 8.5 billion people in 2035, the Energy Information Administration s (EIA) projected 50% increase in energy consumption will require true all of the above energy

More information

Sixth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration

Sixth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration Sixth Annual Conference on Carbon Capture & Sequestration Session Title: Retrofitting of Existing Coal-Fired Plants MHI s Post Combustion CO 2 Recovery Process for Coal Fired Power Stations: Requirement

More information

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions

B Resource Guide: Calculating Greenhouse Gas Emissions What s in this Guide: I. Definition: What are Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Emissions? II. Why Calculate GHGs? III. How to Calculate your Company s GHGs IV. Outsourcing your GHG assessment V. What are the next

More information

DISCUSSION PAPER. Long-Term Risks and Short-Term Regulations. Modeling the Transition from Enhanced Oil Recovery to Geologic Carbon Sequestration

DISCUSSION PAPER. Long-Term Risks and Short-Term Regulations. Modeling the Transition from Enhanced Oil Recovery to Geologic Carbon Sequestration DISCUSSION PAPER September 2008; revised July 2010 RFF DP 08-29-REV Long-Term Risks and Short-Term Regulations Modeling the Transition from Enhanced Oil Recovery to Geologic Carbon Sequestration Alexander

More information

Residential & Commercial Sectors Overview CLIMATE

Residential & Commercial Sectors Overview CLIMATE CLIMATE TECHBOOK Residential and Commercial Emissions in the United States Greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions data can be reported either by economic sector, which includes electric power generation as a separate

More information

The Shale Gale Also Brings a Data Blizzard Author:

The Shale Gale Also Brings a Data Blizzard Author: The Shale Gale Also Brings a Data Blizzard Author: Jim Crompton, Subject Matter Expert Times, they are a-changing. The U.S. is the closest it has been in almost 20 years to achieving energy self-sufficiency,

More information

UBS Grass Roots Conference

UBS Grass Roots Conference UBS Grass Roots Conference Oil and Gas Opportunities in Canada Rob Hossack Managing Director Praxair Canada, Inc. February 9, 2006 Page 1 Forward Looking Statements This document contains forward-looking

More information

Public Comment to EPA on New Stationary Sources Rule Sam Batkins and Catrina Rorke Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2013-0495 May 9, 2014

Public Comment to EPA on New Stationary Sources Rule Sam Batkins and Catrina Rorke Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2013-0495 May 9, 2014 Public Comment to EPA on New Stationary Sources Rule Sam Batkins and Catrina Rorke Docket ID No. EPA-HQ-OAR-2013-0495 May 9, 2014 Introduction We appreciate the opportunity to comment on the Environmental

More information

Global Energy Trends; 2030 to 2050

Global Energy Trends; 2030 to 2050 Global Energy Trends; 2030 to 2050 Hilbre Consulting Limited, Heswall, Wirral, UK billwpyke@aol.com March 2012 This note synthesises and analyses the key conclusions from seven recent, authoritative studies

More information