1 ALMOST Λ Everything You Need to Know About Raising Broiler Chickens Michael J. Darre, Ph.D., P.A.S. Extension Poultry Specialist Dept. of Animal Science University of Connecticut
2 SMALL POULTRY FLOCK OWNER CHECKLIST Selecting the bird: Type of poultry: meat type Cornish Cross, or other breed Purchase disease free stock (from NPIP source,pullorum and AI free) Plan for all-in - all-out flocks Before the birds arrive: Draft free coop or housing, cleaned and disinfected Brooder stove or heat lamp (red bulb type, if needed) set to 95 o F for first week. Dry litter, (pine shavings preferred), 3-4 inches on clean floor. Roosts (use clean tree branches) 2-6 above ground for broilers Feeders and Waterers, cleaned and disinfected Fresh Feed, appropriate for age and type of bird
3 When the birds arrive: Check for symptoms such as coughing, sneezing, watery eyes, labored breathing, diarrhea, or pasty butt. Check for external parasites Provide water for first couple of hours, then add feed. (if birds have been shipped overnight, then make a 5% sugar water solution for first day) Check waters, feeders, heat source, eliminate drafts, etc. Wild bird and rodent proof coop, set bait stations, traps, etc., as needed. Biosecurity - foot dips, clean shoes or boots, limit visitors and traffic, set up a quarantine area.
4 General Management: Check birds daily for signs of disease. If disease is suspected get a reliable diagnosis and treat as necessary. Cull very sick or injured birds, use proper disposal (burn or bury deep) Establish a regular de-worming program Keep litter clean and dry, replace wet litter. Do thorough clean out every six months including disinfection. Proper disposal of manure such as composting.
5 Choosing Meat Breeds Unlike with layers, there are limited options Cornish X Other hybrid varieties (Reds, Barred, Silvers.etc) Dual purpose varieties (Buffs, Barred Rocks)
6 Colored Feathered Birds becoming more popular Freedom ranger J.M. Hatchery 178 Lowry Road, New Holland, PA (717)
7 Here is what Troy Griepentrog wrote about the Freedom ranger: I spent about $ buying the chicks and feed. I fed about 530 pounds of commercial feed plus about 90 pounds of whole oats. The following numbers aren t precise, but should be pretty close: 620 pounds of feed produced 195 pounds of live birds (3.17 pounds of feed per pound of gain about the expected ratio). 130 pounds of meat (about $1.76 per pound)
8 Red Broilers: The Label Rouge (France) birds grow to 2.25 kg in 12 weeks, while the fast-growing broilers (Cornish cross) reach the same weight in 6 weeks. The carcass is generally more elongated and has a smaller breast and larger legs than conventional carcasses. In addition, slower-growing breeds are more suitable to outdoor production than fast-growing broilers.
9 Mt-Di Poultry Farm and Hatchery Owner/ Operator: George Dibert Address: 131 Hen House Lane Altoona, PA Phone: Red Ranger U.S. Pullorum Typhoid Clean U.S. AI Clean NPIP No Cornish Cross, Red Ranger, Rosambro
10 Rosambro Broilers (medium-growth). The Rosambro is a new breed also offered by MT-DI Hatchery. Rosambro broilers are grown to an age between eight and ten weeks old. This bird has many of the same benefits as the Red Broiler with somewhat faster growth than the Red Broiler (but slower that the Cornish Cross).
11 The Red Ranger Broiler is a very profitable broiler to raise because of its strong disease resistance. The Red Ranger broiler chickens have an excellent conformation of white and dark meat yields, a tender texture with the flavor of a slow growing bird. The Red Ranger has a dark red feathering with a few of the tail feathers being either white or black, yellow shanks, beak, and skin.
12 Cornish Cross Broilers (fast growth). Cornish Cross (also called Cornish Rock) is an extremely fast growing chicken that is processed between six and eight weeks.
13 Moyer s Broiler/Roaster chicks (sometimes nicknamed Cornish Giants) can be grown to a live weight of over 4 lbs. by 6 weeks of age Or, to a roaster weight of 8-10 lbs. Live weights of 4-5 lbs. can be achieved on close to 2 lbs. of feed per pound of meat. They have excellent conformation, plump, tender breast meat and good skin texture. Moyer s K-22 Red Broilers (Cockerels Only) is a hearty meat bird that has resistant genetics providing good textured, flavorful meat for the discriminating consumer. They are perfect for the pastured poultry producer. The K-22 is a slower growing bird than the cornish giant with the males growing to a live weight of 5 pounds at around 8 weeks.
14 Stromberg's Chicks and Game Birds 100 York Street P.O. Box 400 Pine River, Mn Phone: (218) Toll Free: (800) Fax: (218) Red Broiler from Stromberg s
15 The Noll family is working to make medium-growing genetics more widely available in North America. Henry Noll offers a Silver Cross that grows to five pounds live weight in nine weeks. Noll s Poultry Farm Kleinfeltersville, PA FAX Joe Cebe, Sr. offers a Cebe Red and Cebe Black meat variety that grows to 5 pounds live weight in 9 to 10 weeks. Cebe Farms P.O. Box 1404 Ramona, CA Matt John of Shady Lane Poultry Farm, Inc. is currently developing a new hatchery and plans to introduce several alternative broiler lines during the next several years. Shady Lane Poultry Farm, Inc. 520 Agawam Road Winchester, KY
16 Privett Hatchery PO Box 176 Portales, NM Tel: Toll Free: PRIVETT Privett Hatchery has a slow-growing white broiler that can be treated just like a dual-purpose chicken. Breeds of Red or Gray Broilers specific for range rearing: Yankee Chicks, Inc/Hall Brothers Hatchery P.O. Box 1026 Norwich, CT FAX Contact: Jerry Srednicki Or Gormavian Farms Gary Proctor Other birds can be ordered from Morris Burr
17 A more complete listing of hatcheries throughout the U.S. can be found at and at examples of hatchery Web sites
18 Basic Needs Fresh Feed Fresh Water Fresh Air Light Darkness Thermal Environment Protection Space
19 Feeding your birds
20 Poultry Nutrition What are the needs of the bird?? 7 major nutrient classes Carbohydrates Protein Fat Vitamins Minerals Water Oxygen
21 The chick requires: 13 vitamins inorganic elements (minerals) 13 Amino Acids 1 Essential Fatty Acid Source of Energy
22 With the exception of water, these nutrients are provided by the ingredients that make-up the diet. Ingredients are classified as: Cereal Grains Animal Proteins Vegetables Proteins Vegetable Fats Animal Fats Micro Minerals Macro Minerals Vitamin Premixes
23 Some Feedstuffs that supply Amino Acids to the Diet Animal Proteins Vegetable Proteins Microbiological Ingredients Synthetic AA Purified AA or Proteins
24 Examples: Corn, which is low in lysine Soybean meal, which is low in methionine By themselves neither corn nor soybean meal can provide enough essential amino acids to maximize performance. But when the two are combined, they provide adequate amounts of the essential amino acids and are said to complement each other.
25 What about Carb s and Fat? Supply Energy* - Needed for heat and movement Carb s Sugars Cereal Grains Corn, Oats, Barley, Rice, etc. Starches Gums Etc. *Chickens need about 1,300 to 1,500kcal/lb of energy daily!! 1 calorie is the energy required to raise 1gm of water 1 o C, From 14.5 to 15.5 o C. 1 kcal is 1000 calories.
26 Fats and Oils Corn Oil or other Vegetable Oils Animal Fats Not really an essential nutrient, other than Linoleic acid (18:2 fatty acid). Animal fats solid, relatively inexpensive. Problems with digestion by young birds. Vegetable oils - liquid, expensive Pellet quality, dustiness of feed
27 Energy important because it governs feed intake high energy ---> low feed intake low energy ---> high feed intake Sources of energy - everything in the diet other than minerals. Metabolizable energy (ME) = Energy intake as feed minus energy appearing in urine and feces.
28 Feed Energy Digestible E. Fecal E. Metabolizable E. Urinary + Gaseous E. Net E. Heat E. Production E. + Maintenance E
29 What about them Vitamins? With the exception of Vitamin C, Poultry Require all the vitamins! Vitamins act a catalysts for many reactions, and re required in small quantities. They can occur as vitamins per se or as precursors (provitamins). Fat Soluable - A, D*, E, K *Poultry cannot use just any form of D, must be D 3, cholcalciferol! Water Soluable: Thiamine (B1) Riboflavin (B2) Pyridoxine (B6) Cyanocobalamin (B12) Pantothenic Acid Folic Acid Choline** Biotin Niacin ** very high requirement by poultry, unlike 4 footed animals, Very little is synthesized by the chick. Generous safety factor 2-10x requirement. Storage loss -> time, temperature, humidity
30 Time for Minerals Macro Minerals Calcium Chlorine Phosphorous Magnesium Potassium Sulfur Sodium Micro Minerals Iron Zinc Copper Chromium Cobalt Fluorine Manganese Selenium Iodine Molybdenium
31 Broiler Starter Feeds The objective of the starter/brooding period (0 to 10 days of age) is to establish good appetite and achieve maximum early growth. The target is to achieve a seven-day body weight of 170 g or above. Broiler Starter should be given for ten days. The Starter represents a small proportion of the total feed cost and decisions on Starter formulation should be based on performance and profitability rather than cost. The digestible amino acid levels in the feed are important aspects and must be considered when purchasing feed. (See Table 1) In wheat-feeding areas the use of some maize may be beneficial. Total fat levels should be kept low (<5%) and saturated fats should be avoided, especially in combination with wheat.
32 Broiler Grower Feeds Broiler Grower feed will normally be fed for 14 to 16 days. The transition from Starter feed to Grower feed will involve a change of texture from crumbs to pellets. There is a continuing need for a good quality Grower feed to maximize performance. Broiler Finisher Feeds Broiler Finisher feeds account for the major cost of feeding and economic principles should be applied to the design of these feeds. Changes in body composition can be rapid during this period and excessive fat deposition and loss of breast meat yield need to be carefully considered.
33 Table 1. Nutrient Specifications for As-Hatched Broilers Grown to lb liveweight. From Ross 308 mgmt guide 2007
34 Table 2, Examples of Broiler Diets.
35 Pasture Management Alfalfa is good, but the soils of New England are acid and require a lot of lime and soil treatment. Ladino clover has been found to be a productive plant of high palatability for poultry. Types of legumes and grasses for Pasture Forage: White and red clover or Ladino clover, Orchard grass, Kentucky blue grass, Perennial rye grass and, Alfalfa University research shows that chickens get only 10-15% of dry matter for their diet from the pasture itself, and turkeys up to 30%, so supplementation with other feeds is important, such as corn, or wheat and soybean meal, and vitamins and minerals.
36 Here are some mixtures from 1947, when pasture was at a peak. Keep pasture mowed to increase new growth of fresh plant. Example Pasture Mixtures: (per acre) lbs of Kentucky Bluegrass 6 lbs of perennial rye grass 2 lbs of Ladino clover From Cornell 2. 6 lbs of Kentucky bluegrass 10 lbs of perennial ryegrass 4 lbs of Canada bluegrass 2 lbs of Redtop 2 lbs of Ladino clover 1 lb of White clover From Penn State 3. 8 lbs Kentucky Bluegrass 8 lbs Timothy 3 lbs Alsike clover 2 lbs Ladino clover From Univ. of Maryland lbs Ladino Clover 5 lbs Domestic rye grass ( seed with clover in the spring) 6 lbs Kentucky bluegrass (Seed in fall) 4 lbs timothy (2 lbs in the fall)
38 The mixture (table 4) was chosen to be representative of a robust pasture for poultry and is similar to those specified in the literature. It proved to be hard wearing for meat birds during a wet summer, and the birds were observed to eat it. Some herbs (rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis), sage (Salvia officinalis), oregano (Origanum vulgare) and thyme (Thymus vulgaris)) have powerful antioxidant capabilities and moderate antimicrobial activities (Adams, 1999). It maybe desirable, therefore, to include herbs in the mix if such a practice permitted a reduced reliance on the feeding of synthetic antioxidants, and if immune responses were to be enhanced. Symposium on Nutrition of farm animals outdoors: Intake of nutrients from pasture by poultry. Andrew Walker and Sue Gordon IN: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society (2003), 62,
39 Some Housing and Equipment Suggestions Depends on type of rearing management: Conventional enclosed mechanical ventilated facility Pasture Pens - Chicken tractors,etc. Free Range pasture - Basic shelter.
40 Chicken Tractor? Do I Look Like John Deere?
42 Free-Range Poultry Essentials Maintain at least 150' between skid houses and field perimeter fencing to minimize predation problems. Maintain at least 100' between each skid house to maintain flock separation. Move skids ahead 50' to fresh pasture as necessary, generally every three to four weeks or as needed to keep birds out of mud. Usually. any time the birds have trashed an area around the skid that is larger 5 feet it is time for a move. Expect the birds to range about 40' out from each skid Herman Beck-Chenoweth
43 Bottom Line: Keep birds in a DRY and DRAFT FREE Environment!!
44 Feeding and watering equipment
50 Processing your birds Stun Exsanguinate (bleed out) Scald (138 to 145 o F Defeather Remove head, neck and legs (below hock) Eviscerate Chill Package
54 1 Sources of information on raising poultry Forsham Cottage Arks; Henhouses Some good Books and resources for poultry: Storey s Guide to Raising Poultry - Leonard S. Mercia, Storey Books, Pownal, Vermont ISBN A Guide to Raising Chickens - Gail Damerow Storey Books, Pownal, Vermont 05261ISBN Feeding Poultry The classic guide to poultry nutrition - G. F. Heuser. Norton Creek Press. ISBN Chicken Tractor The permaculture guide to happy hens and healthy soil. Andy Lee and Pat Forman. Pastured Poultry Profits Joel Salatin ISBN Profitable Poultry Management 23 rd ed Snyder, Rowoth, Scholes and Lee., Beacon Milling Company, Cayuga, NY 1 Listing of materials does not imply endorsement of any author or material contained in the books or websites.
Cattle and Horse Nutrition Dona Goede Livestock Specialist Introduction Many health, reproductive and production problems can be prevented with good nutrition. Poor nutrition results in: Poor conception
Q. What is barring on a chicken s feather? A. Two alternating colors on a feather, running across its width Q. What commercial strain of layers is best for egg production? A. White Leghorn strains Q. How
Pastured Poultry Budgets: Slow-Growing Broiler and Organic Comparisons A Publication of ATTRA National Sustainable Agriculture Information Service 1-800-346-9140 www.attra.ncat.org By Betsy Conner NCAT
UTI CAT FOOD COMPARISON CHART believes that urinary tract infections, crystals and kidney problems in today s cat are due mainly to excessive minerals consumed by our cats as they age. Once you cat reaches
Consequences of 100% organic diets for pigs and poultry Albert Sundrum Tier-EG Department of Animal Nutrition and Animal Health / University Kassel Outline! Problems concerning 100% organic diets! High
HOME RAISED POULTRY POULTRY FEEDING GUIDE Throughout the centuries, home raised chicken has been a staple on many farms. Not only does raising chickens allow you to produce your own food, but is also a
Nutrition Guide For Bobwhite Quail Production Cooperative Extension Service The University of Georgia College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Table of Contents Nutrients...3 Diet Formulation...4
Department of Animal Science FEEDING THE DAIRY COW DURING LACTATION Dairy Cattle Production 342-450A Page 1 of 8 Feeding the Dairy Cow during Lactation There are main stages in the lactation cycle of the
UTILIZATION OF TURKEY WASTE MATERIAL IN BEEF CATTLE DIETS Dale R. ZoBell, PhD, Beef Cattle Specialist Gary Anderson, Sanpete County Agent Clell Bagley, DVM, Extension Veterinarian July 1999 AG504 INTRODUCTION
A l a b a m a A & M a n d A u b u r n U n i v e r s i t i e s Nutrition for Backyard Chicken Flocks ANR-1317 Farm-fresh products, such as eggs and chickens, have always had a special appeal. A small backyard
CHICKENS 101 INTRODUCTORY COURSE HOUSING AND PREDATOR CONTROL THE BASICS: HOUSING 1 3 THE BASICS: HOUSING 1 Protect from rain and cold when first outside. After about three weeks, chickens can tolerate
BURNETT CENTER INTERNET PROGRESS REPORT No. 12 April, 2001 Summary of the 2000 Texas Tech University Consulting Nutritionist Survey M. L. Galyean and J. F. Gleghorn Department of Animal Science and Food
Sand and Sage Round-Up MARKET CHICKEN STUDY GUIDE Senior Division (14 years of age and over as of December 31) Questions will come from: Colorado 4-H Ethical Care of Poultry handout Meat Quality Assurance
Optimizing Broiler Feed Conversion Ratio July 2011 This article has been written specifically for poultry producers in Latin America. However, the recommendations given are expected to be useful and informative
Soil Testing is one of a range Animal Welfare Approved technical papers designed to provide practical advice and support to farmers. For more information visit www.animalwelfareapproved.org SHORT DESCRIPTION
Common Sense Meat Goat-Nutrition Brian Freking OSU LeFlore Co. Extension Nutrition Feeding goats is the single largest expense behind the purchase cost of the animals. Can be as high as 60% of the total
The Broiler Project The Broiler Project Raising broilers can be fun. Broiler projects are suitable for youth of all ages, from beginners to those with many years of experience. Also, broiler projects are
Swine Feeding and Fitting Guidelines Ryan Harrell Dec. 2008 Know What You Are Feeding For?! Barrows should be fed differently from Gilts.! Market Gilts should be fed differently from Breeding Gilts! Market
01 Balanced diet The Eatwell Plate What is a balanced diet? Your balanced diet will be specific to you it will depend on your age, your body weight and your gender. It also depends on how active you are.
November, 2015 Volume 2, Issue 4 CHS Nutrition Payback News In this issue of Payback News: Beef Cows-The Cheapest Mineral Isn t Bull Wintering Tips Inside this issue: Beef Cows-The Cheapest Mineral Isn
Choosing the Best Poultry Breed for Your Small Farm Factsheet FS-987 June 2014 Deciding on your goal for raising chickens is the first step in determining which breed is best for your farm. The most common
Forage Value Chapter 2 Forage Value 2 Livestock producers in the western United States, including Oregon, are at an economic disadvantage relative to those in some other regions in North America because
Cow Milk or Milk Substitute Calories/ 8 ounces Protein grams Fat Grams Ca mg/ Vit D IU Vitamins & Minerals Whole Milk Oat 150 8 8 300/100 Good source of: Riboflavin, Vitamin B12 and Phosphorus Fortified
NUTRIENTS: THEIR INTERACTIONS TEACHER S GUIDE INTRODUCTION This Teacher s Guide provides information to help you get the most out of Nutrients: Their Interactions. The contents in this guide will allow
assurance of quality LIFE STAGES DOG and CAT FOODS Give your pet the natural, wholesome nutrition needed for all-day activity and a lifetime of fitness and health LIFE STAGES DOG and CAT FOODS Blue Seal
5 Training Objectives:! Knowledge of the most important function of nutrients! Description of both, mechanism and function of gluconeogenesis! Knowledge of the difference between essential and conditionally
Understanding Feed Analysis Terminology One of the most important steps in developing a ration suitable for dairy animals is feed testing. It is essential to have a starting point in order to formulate
Growing Broilers for the State Fair Broilers are meat type chickens usually about 5-8 weeks of age when ready for processing. Broiler projects are very popular as 4-H and FFA youth projects. Their popularity
Nutrient Reference Values for Australia and New Zealand Questions and Answers 1. What are Nutrient Reference Values? The Nutrient Reference Values outline the levels of intake of essential nutrients considered,
A l a b a m a A & M a n d A u b u r n U n i v e r s i t i e s ANR-1343 Feeding Game Birds: Pheasant, Quail, and Partridge Limited information is available concerning the nutrient requirements of game birds
1 C H A P T E R 7. 1 0. A N I M A L W E L F A R E A N D B R O I L E R C H I C K E N P R O D U C T I O N S Y S T E M S [Article 7.10.1.] [Article 7.10.2.] [Article 7.10.3.] Article 7.10.4. Recommendations
Penn State University Equine Environmental Stewardship Program In partnership with the Northeast Region Sustainable Agriculture Research & Education Program Penn State Equine Stewardship Program Promoting
International Journal of Poultry Science 5 (6): 569-573, 006 ISSN 68-8356 Asian Network for Scientific Information, 006 Methionine Supplementation of Low-Protein Broiler Diets: Influence upon Growth Performance
OHIO STATE UNIVERSITY EXTENSION Union County 4H Broiler Handbook 2016 150CM Chicken, Market (Broilers) At the Union County Fair the Market Chicken project consists of a pen of 4 broilers. Total pen weight
Nutrition (Pre-3 rd ) was written to educate young people, parents and teachers about where our food comes from. This guide provides nutrition facts, useful definitions, and additional websites for teachers
SS-207-06 For more information, visit the Ohio Department of Aging web site at: http://www.goldenbuckeye.com and Ohio State University Extension s Aging in Ohio web site at: http://www.hec.ohio-state.edu/famlife/aging
Dietary Reference Intakes (DRIs): Estimated Average Requirements Life Stage Group Calcium CHO Protein (g/kg/d) Vit A a Vit C Vit D Vit E b Thiamin Riboflavin Niacin c Vit B 6 0 to 6 mo 6 to 12 mo 1.0 6.9
Nutritional Glossary This glossary provides nutrition information about the nutrients commonly found in fruits, vegetables, and other plant foods Each glossary definition has a long and a short version.
Plant Based Diet Christina Lichtinger, PharmD Plant based diets do not provide enough protein MYTH Dairy is required in the diet in order to consume enough calcium MYTH Sufficient Vitamin B12 is not available
Rediscover What It Means to Be Full of Life Vitality for Life supplements with patented Oligo Oligo U.S. Patent No. 8,273,393 Reinventing the Multivitamin Our modern diets have the majority of us gorging
Eating Well with Diabetes Cassie Vanderwall UW Health Nutrition Registered Dietitian Certified Personal Trainer Certified Diabetes Educator Outline What is Diabetes? Diabetes Self-Management Eating Well
Product Information: Jevity 1.5 Cal 1 of 5 JEVITY 1.5 CAL is a calorically dense formula with a unique fiber blend that provides Complete, Balanced Nutrition. For tube feeding. For supplemental or sole-source
BEC Feed Solutions Presenter: Steve Blake BEC Feed Solutions Nutritional Role of Phosphorus Phosphorus (P) is present in all cells in the body Essential for many digestive and metabolic processes, including
Eating well is key to maintaining strength, energy, a healthy immune system and general lung heath. The key to a healthy balanced diet is not to ban or omit any foods or food groups but to balance what
Understanding the Soil Test Report Page 1 of 7 Crops absorb the nutrients required from soil in order to grow, so ensuring that your soil is meeting the crops needs is critical. Having the proper level
A diet fit for a pig: seven basic rules June 2013 Primefact 1292 1 st edition Jayce Morgan, Livestock Officer Pigs, Tamworth NSW Introduction When a pig is fed a proper diet there are benefits to the pig
DDGS A Growing Opportunity Dr. Harold Tilstra Region Manager Land O Lakes Feed firstname.lastname@example.org 4/9/2004 Land O' Lakes Feed; Tilstra 2 Land O Lakes Feed Vision: To To be the leading animal nutrition
Product Information: Jevity 1.5 Cal 1 of 5 JEVITY 1.5 CAL is a calorically dense formula with a unique fiber blend that provides Complete, Balanced Nutrition. For tube feeding. For supplemental or sole-source
Nutrition Information from My Plate Guidelines Note: This information was compiled from the website: http://www.choosemyplate.gov/ for participants in the 4-H Food Prep Contest 1/12/16. The information
Product Information: Jevity 1.2 Cal 1 of 5 JEVITY 1.2 CAL is a high-protein, fiber-fortified formula that provides Complete, Balanced Nutrition for long- or short-term tube feeding. For tube feeding. For
J.D. Pagan 71 MEASURING THE DIGESTIBLE ENERGY CONTENT OF HORSE FEEDS JOE D. PAGAN Kentucky Equine Research, Inc., Versailles, Kentucky, USA One of the most important measures of a horse feed s value is
Poultry Today POU 0601 January 2008 1 FEEDING STRATEGIES IN POULTRY IN HOT CLIMATE INTRODUCTION Dr. John C. Morêki Non-Ruminants Division, Department of Animal Production P/Bag 0032, Gaborone, Botswana
Formulated and made in Britain HYPO-ALLERGENIC SUPER PREMIUM DOG & CAT FOODS Developed by leading pet nutritionists, our pet foods represent the finest dry pet foods on the market All our own pet foods
Similac Product Category: Similac Go & Grow by Similac Toddler Drink Updated 5/5/2016 Product Information: Go & Grow by Similac Toddler Drink 1 of 4 A milk-based drink for toddlers 12-24 months old. Designed
PNW 665 Break-even Analysis of Small-Scale Production of Pastured Organic Poultry Kathleen Painter, Elizabeth Myhre, Andy Bary, Craig Cogger, and Whitney Jemmett Introduction As consumer demand for locally
Product Information: Promote 1 of 5 PROMOTE is a complete, balanced, very-high-protein formula for patients who need a higher proportion of calories from protein. It is ideal for patients with low caloric
MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTION PAPER Paper number APNU3.0 Please insert this reference number in the appropriate boxes on your candidate answer sheet Title MOCK PAPER Time allocation 50 minutes Level 3 Applying
Infant Formula with Extensively Hydrolyzed Protein Product Information: Similac Human Milk Fortifier Hydrolyzed Protein Concentrated 1 of 5 Infant Formula with Extensively Hydrolyzed Protein Extensively
National Standards of People s Republic of China GB 28050 2011 National Food Safety Standard Standard for nutrition labelling of prepackaged foods (Nota: traducción no oficial) Issued on: 2011-10-12 Implemented
TAIslim SHAKE Clinically Proven, Tastes Delicious! NO NO ARTIFICIAL FLAVORS SOY PROTEIN Now you can get into great shape and save time and money with the ultimate meal replacement, our delicious TAIslim
Minerals Small Ruminant Series by Dr. Rick Machen Associate Professor & Extension Livestock Specialist Texas Agric ultural Exte nsio n Service, Uvalde As mentioned in previous articles, the nutrient requirements
CODEX STAN 156-1987 Page 1 of 9 CODEX STANDARD FOR FOLLOW-UP FORMULA CODEX STAN 156-1987 1. SCOPE This standard applies to the composition and labelling of follow-up formula. It does not apply to foods
December 2012 4H/Livestock/2012-04pr Project Pig Production Planner Scott Williams, Cache County, and Darrell Rothlisberger, Rich County Start by Selecting the Appropriate Age/Weight Hog There are many
Livestock Budget Estimates for Kentucky - 2000 Agricultural Economics Extension No. 2000-17 October 2000 By: RICHARD L. TRIMBLE, STEVE ISAACS, LAURA POWERS, AND A. LEE MEYER University of Kentucky Department
Forage Quality Ted Probert Regional Dairy Specialist Forage Quality and Pasture Nutrition Ted Probert Regional Dairy Specialist Intensive Grazing vs MiG Is This High Quality Forage? Is This High Quality
WHAT IS IN FERTILIZER OTHER THAN NUTRIENTS? Raymond C. Ward Ward Laboratories Inc. Kearney, NE Commercial fertilizer is a source of plant nutrients that can be applied to soil to nourish crops when the
Copyright 2010, Aviagen, all rights reserved. KAREN SCHWEAN-LARDNER - Born and raised in Saskatchewan, Canada, Karen completed her Master of Science work at the University of Saskatchewan, where she helped
APPLICATION FOR EXPORT OF LIVE BROILERS TO SINGAPORE Note: This guideline sets out the information on broiler farms required by Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority (AVA), for evaluation to export live chickens
Product Information: Osmolite 1.2 Cal 1 of 5 OSMOLITE 1.2 CAL is a source of Complete, Balanced Nutrition and a high-protein, lowresidue formula for tube-fed patients who may benefit from increased protein
Vitamins & Minerals Chart Vitamins & Minerals Functions Food Sources Water-soluble Vitamin B1-Thiamin Necessary to help the body maximizes the use of carbohydrate, its major source of energy. Essential
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License. Your use of this material constitutes acceptance of that license and the conditions of use of materials on this
Who is responsible for setting nutrition requirements in the UK? In the UK we have a set of Dietary Reference Values (DRVs). DRVs are a series of estimates of the energy and nutritional requirements of
Macromolecules in my food!! Name Notes/Background Information Food is fuel: All living things need to obtain fuel from something. Whether it is self- made through the process of photosynthesis, or by ingesting
Limited Versus Intensive Management of Sheep & Goats Jodie Pennington and Helen Swartz Lincoln University, Neosho and Jefferson City, MO Husbandry defined--- varies with management level The cultivation
Healthy Eating You are what you eat! So before you even shop for food, it is important to become a well informed, smart food consumer and have a basic understanding of what a heart healthy diet looks like.
DETERMINING PROTEIN AND ENERGY LEVELS IN BROILER DIETS THAT MAXIMIZE PROFITS G. M. PESTI* ABSTRACT Current theory holds that setting energy levels in feed formulation is not necessary because birds eat
REGULAR CAT FOOD COMPARISON CHART ob li gate [adj. ob-li-geyt] car ni vore [noun kahr-nuh-vohr] An obligate or a true carnivore is an animal that must eat meat in order to thrive. Just like leopards, lions
Osmolite Product Category: Osmolite Osmolite 1 Cal Osmolite 1.2 Cal Osmolite 1.5 Cal Updated 4/28/2016 Osmolite 1 Cal Isotonic Nutrition Product Information: Osmolite 1 Cal 1 of 4 Osmolite 1 Cal Isotonic