Federal Bureau of Investigation

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1 Federal Bureau of Investigation SSA John Caruthers Cyber Criminal Section SSA Kenneth Schmutz Cyber National Security Section April 11, 2012

2 FBI Mission Cyber Threats FBI Response

3 1. Protect the United States from Terrorist Attack 2. Protect the United States against foreign intelligence operations and espionage 3. Protect the United States against cyber based attacks and high technology crimes

4 Reporting indicates shift to ICS Growing presence of terrorist organizations on the Internet Cyber Jihad Internet being used not to just recruit or radicalize, but to incite Growing use of social networking sites to collaborate and promote violence

5 Espionage Today our adversaries can attain access to any network Global access Who are they? Nation-State Actors Mercenaries for Hire Rogue Hackers Trans-national Criminal Syndicates

6 What are they after? Technology Intelligence (Policy maker decisions) Intellectual Property Military Weapons Military Strategy They have everything to gain we have a great deal to lose

7 Insider with access Directed by foreign power Paid money to do a task Disgruntled employee Terminated Policy change Disagreement with management

8 Criminal National Security Goal prosecution intelligence gathering sharing of intel with trusted USIC partners protection of critical infrastructure Evidence Publicity discoverable by the DEFENDANT court documents will eventually be UNSEALED FBI will NOT proactively divulge information to the media typically CLASSIFIED at SECRET level or above NOT released to public cases DO NOT go to court ID of asset owner will NEVER be released by FBI

9 Why? What? to protect the United States pertinent information related to intrusion vectors, vulnerabilities, SOURCE-provided intelligence, etc. FBI DOES NOT share Top Secret information when: 1. The information is single-sourced and would compromise an asset 2. Release of the information would jeopardize the National Security of the United States How? With Whom? intelligence reports, bulletins, notes face-to-face in CLASSIFIED briefings member of your company with a CLEARANCE USIC

10 Criminal Threats to Internet Users Cyber Extortion Individuals threaten to use Social Networking power Extortion-based DDoS attacks Scareware/Fraudulent Antivirus Software Phishing Botnets Enable other criminal activity, Spam, distribution of additional Malware (Keyloggers, DNSChanger etc.)

11 One type of Cyber Extortion a. These things, unless you honor the below claim, WILL HAPPEN on March 8, b. As you have denied my claim I can only respond in this way. You no longer have a choice in the matter, unless of course you want me to continue with this outlined plan. I have nothing to lose, you have everything to lose. c. My demand is now for $198, This amount is NOT negotiable, you had your chance to make me an offer, now I call the shots. d. I have 6 MILLION s going out to couples with children age 25-40, this campaign is ordered and paid for. 2 million go out on the 8th and every two days 2 million more for three weeks rotating the list. Of course it is spam, I hired a spam service, I could care less, The damge [sic] will be done. e. I am a huge social networker, and I am highly experienced. 200,000 people will be directly contacted by me through social networks, slamming your integrity and directing them to this website within days. f. I think you get the idea, I am going to drag your company name and reputation, through the muddiest waters imaginable. This will cost you millions in lost revenues, trust and credibility not to mention the advertising you will be buying to counter mine. Sad thing is it s almost free for me! g. The process is in motion and will be released on March 8th, If you delay and the site goes live, The price will then be $3,000,

12 DDoS Extortions Recent trend targeting online product retailers Company receives an extortion threat via , online chat or their telephone number Demand to pay $ within five minutes or your website will be shut down Many go unreported Victims appear to be targets of opportunity

13 Attempt to cause disruption to networks and service and loss of data Felony Annoyance Actions are non-violent and not aimed at individuals, but rather a company or government entity Recent reporting indicates the targeting of ICS by Anonymous Retaliation

14 Scareware also a form of Cyber Extortion

15 Criminal Threats to Internet Users Cyber Extortion Individuals threaten to use Social Networking power Extortion-based DDoS attacks Scareware/Fraudulent Antivirus Software Phishing Botnets Enable other criminal activity, Spam, distribution of additional Malware (Keyloggers, DNSChanger etc.)

16 Example of Phishing s Sent to Customers of U.S.-based Bank

17 Criminal Threats to Internet Users Cyber Extortion Recent trend in Health Care Services Industry Threatening to use Social Networking power Scareware/Fraudulent Antivirus Software Phishing Botnets Enable other criminal activity, Spam, distribution of additional Malware (Keyloggers, DNSChanger etc.)

18 Criminal Threats to Internet Users ACH Transaction Fraud Anyone with authority to pay, transfer funds, manage, control, or effect banking activity can be a victim New attack vectors such as Malvertising JabberZeus variant to compromise Two-Factor Authentication Confederation of Cyber Criminal Organizations The Web within the Web Exchange of Tools for Criminal Activity Distributed expertise among group members

19 Threats to Corporate Entities Companies with financial databases are the targets of criminal hacker groups Why? That s where the money is! and better work hours, large potential for return vs. risk, less chance of getting caught and/or shot than, say, being a drug dealer Criminals perception that they can hide behind complex international laws

20 Financial Services Intrusion Scope of the Scheme 15,730 attempted transactions worth $10.2M 14,544 successful transactions worth $9.7M $9.4M (97%) was withdrawn on Nov ,136 ATM terminals were accessed in over 28 countries

21 FBI Resources The FBI Cyber Division 56 Field Offices with Cyber Squads 75 FBI Legal Attaché Offices around the world Cyber Trained Agents embedded with foreign police forces Cyber Action Team Threat Focus Cells These groups consist of agents, officers, and analysts from different agencies i.e. ICS/SCADA TFC FBI, DHS, and OGA partnering together #21

22 FBI Resources cont. Training provided to domestic and international law enforcement community National Cyber Investigative Joint Task Force Establishing cooperative working relationships with regulatory groups and agencies We can provide briefings to your employees regarding economic espionage, counterintelligence, APT, etc. InfraGard #22

23

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