1 The Clean Water Project What Is The Stormwater Impact? Presentation To: Seminar On Water Issues Bob Weimar, PE, BCEE Chief of Program Management The Metropolitan District
2 Sewage Overflows Have Become More Than A Nuisance
3 Why Do The Clean Water Project? CTDEP Order To Control 1 Billion+ Gallons Annual Combined Sewage Overflows Federal Consent Decree To Eliminate Sanitary Sewer Overflows In District Towns CTDEP Permit To Reduce Nitrogen In Wastewater Satisfy Public Concerns Eliminate Basement Backups Street Flooding of Sewage To protect Water Body Uses, Including Wethersfield Cove
4 What Are CSO s? Single Pipe Sewers Deliver All Dry Weather Flows to WWTP But These Sewers also handle stormwater which causes overflows during rain events. Regulator River Interceptor Regulator River Interceptor Dry Weather Conditions Sanitary Wastewater Sanitary Wastewater Wastewater Interceptor Sewer to Treatment Plant Wastewater/Stormwater Interceptor Sewer to Treatment Plant Wet Weather Conditions Catch Basin Combined Sewer Pipe Stormwater Runoff Combined Sewer Pipe Roadway
5 Overflows Are Combined Sewage and Stormwater
6 Flooded Basements Are A Common Problem
7 Sewer Overflows Occur Throughout Existing System Key SSO s CSO s Flooding and Basement Backup Areas
8 Hartford s Combined Sewer System alleviates backups with 50+ local regulators throughout neighborhoods and 38 CSO outfalls to waterbodies.
9 The District s Separated Sewer Systems Relieve At Eight Untreated Overflows Directly To Local Streams When It Rains
10 Critical Sewer Overflows Occur Into South Branch Park River and Wethersfield Cove Key SSO s CSO s Flooding and Basement Backup Areas Overflows From West Hartford and Newington Flow To South Branch Park River Overflows From Wethersfield s Folly Brook Area & Hartford s Franklin Ave Area Flow To Wethersfield Cove
11 Wethersfield Cove Watershed Estimated Peak Storm Flows Sewer Area Franklin Ave Hartford Folly Brook Wethersfield Total Peak Flows Total Hartford WPCF Capacity Average Sewage Flow (MGD) Peak Flow (MGD) ?? * *The Existing Hartford WPCF Needs Another 144 MGD Capacity To Handle South Hartford!
12 Household Sewer Design Directs Stormwater To Existing Sewers Household Plumbing Results In All Water Directed To Sewer From Roof Gutters Sanitary Wastes Basement Floor To Sewer Basement Sump From Sump Pump From Underdrain
13 How Does Too Much Clean Water Get In? Sump Pumps Footing Drains SUMP PUMP Yard Drains
14 Preferred Solution: Modern Separation Of Sewage and Stormwater To Gardens, Lawns, Drains To Sewer Basement Floor From Roof Gutters Sanitary Wastes From Sump Pump To Drain Basement Sump From Underdrain
15 The LongTerm Control Plan Evaluation Considered Combination of Many Options
16 Clean Water Project System Improvements System-wide Sewer Cleaning Assessment, Capacity Improvements And Repairs 80 Miles Sewer Separation, New Drains and Large Sewers 2 Mile Storage Tunnel 2.5 Mile Microtunnel Reline And Build New Pipes To Eliminate Local Overflows Treatment Plant Improvements To Increase Capacity And Remove Nitrogen
17 Existing combined sewer system is complicated by the flood control system
18 Flow Primary Receptors OfDiagram Separated Stormwater North Branch Park River Gully Brook More Stormwater Will Require Flood Control Assessment Park South Meadow Flood System Rive r C on duit South Branch Park River Existing Levees Along CT River North Meadow Flood System
19 After Sewage, What Issues Need To Be Addressed? Environmental Goals Residual Storm Water Quality Impacts Localized Drainage Flooding? Flood Protection In Hartford? Quality of Life? Future Regional Watershed Goals
20 Alternative Stormwater Management Strategies Can Reduce SSO/CSO Costs Eliminate Existing Sources of Storm water from Sewers Build Runoff Capture/Use Systems Increase Pervious Surfaces To Reduce Runoff Rates and Volumes Reduce Impervious Services (Lower Density?) But May Not Address All Future Stormwater Management Needs!
21 There Are Many Approaches To Stormwater Management Where Possible, Vegetated Swales Can Handle Roof And Site Runoff.
22 How Will The Clean Water Project Address The Stormwater Issue? Coordinate with Local DPW Stormwater Programs New General Design Guidelines For Public Uses, Including Educational Programs Stormwater Study for Hartford in 2007 Use Previously Closed Combined Sewer Outfalls Consider Alternative Stormwater Management Approaches On A Case By Case (Neighborhood) Basis
23 The MDC Is Funding A City of Hartford Storm Water Study. 1. Extent and Condition of Existing Drainage System 2. Estimate Flow Increase From Sewer Separation 3. Impact of Additional Flows On Existing Streams 4. Evaluate Sewer Separation Impact On Flood Control 5. Methods Of Storm water Peak Flow Reduction 6. Options For Storm water Control and Treatment 7. Modifications To District Sewage Overflow Reduction Plan 8. Develop Long Term Drainage System Investment Plan
24 How Can District Homeowners Help The Clean Water Project? 1. Encourage Legislators Sponsor and/or Support Clean Water FundingSeek To Extend and Authorize Long Term Infrastructure Funding Legislation 2. Demand Federal Participation For Rate Relief 3. Support District Efforts To Allow New Strategic Funding Sources 4. Participate In Local Project Reviews 5. Be Patient with Construction Impacts!
25 The Clean Water Project Program Management Unit September, 2006
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