Miriam Hinostroza UNEP Risoe Centre

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1 Setting up f natinal MRV systems Miriam Hinstrza UNEP Rise Centre Reginal wrkshp n prmting internatinal cllabratin t facilitate preparatin, submissin and implementatin f NAMAs Mexic City, Dec 2013

2 Surces: MRV Tl, GIZ Primer n MRV fr NAMAs, URC Understanding the Cncept f NAMAs, URC GUIDANCE FOR NAMA DESIGN - building n cuntry experiences, UNDP, UNFCCC,UNEP Rise

3 What is MRV Measurement Cllect relevant infrmatin t enable mnitring f prgress and impacts f any actin. Measurement enables assessment f the implementatin f plans, the achievement f bjectives/gals and the taking any necessary crrective steps that may be required. Reprting Present the measured infrmatin in a transparent and standardised manner Reprting ensure cmmunicatin f cnsistent and reliable infrmatin t apprpriate authrities in rder t facilitate assessment. Verificatin Assess the cmpleteness, cnsistency and reliability f the reprted infrmatin thrugh an independent prcess.

4 Sustainable Develpment Why t MRV? NAMAs and the 2 C gal Carbn Intensive Develpment Transitin t Lw Carbn Develpment LCDS Vs NAMAs GDP Emissins Carbn free develpment Zer carbn Ecnmy in 2100 Time NAMA can be cnsidered as tl fr develping cuntries t cntribute t limiting the increase in temperature belw 2 C thrugh mitigatin actins: That leads t deviatin frm BAU emissins; and, That transfrm develpment twards lw emissin pathways.

5 A Natinal MRV System NATIONAL Drivers Facilitate decisin-making by serving as a tl fr natinal planning, helps identify natinal pririties Supprt implementatin: generate feedback fr plicymakers n the effectiveness f adpted plicies and measures, learn lessns fr future actin Assess wn prgress with respect t natinal climate change plicy and prgrammes Understanding cst-effectiveness Internatinal recgnitin fr natinal perfrmance 16/12/2013

6 A natinal MRV system INTERNATIONAL Drivers T address natinal reprting bligatins t the UNFCCC Imprve trust amng parties thrugh the prductin f transparent infrmatin T demnstrate t dnrs the impacts f NAMAs Data quality assurance imprtant t access climate finance and participate in market mechanisms Understanding f glbal aggregate emissins reductins Biennial Update Reprts will include natinal GHG inventries and data n plicies and measures, and these reprts will be reviewed by the UNFCCC thrugh Internatinal Cnsultatins and Analysis (by a team f technical experts). In additin, Natinal Cmmunicatins are t be reprted every 4 years, als including natinal GHG emissins data.

7 A Natinal MRV System The entire system is where institutinal, regulatry, technical, and sectral bdies at multi-levels f gvernment interact t check the effectiveness f mitigatin actins and supprt received, as well as the quality f emissins mnitring. MRV shuld be applied in 3 areas: MRV f emissins (estimatin f emissins at natinal, reginal, sectral levels) MRV f NAMAs (MRV f the impacts f mitigatin plicies and actins) MRV f supprt (MRV f financial flws/technlgy transfer/capacity building and their impacts)

8 The MRV Framewrk

9 Understanding MRV Framewrk Cnsider it as a tw layer system: The Natinal MRV layer - The MRV f the vluntary natinal mitigatin bligatins f the develping cuntries under the Cnventin The MRV f all the natinal mitigatin effrts; and, The natinal GHG inventry. The NAMA MRV layer - The MRV f the specific individual NAMAs (implemented by the cuntries as part f their vluntary natinal mitigatin bligatins)

10 Understanding MRV Framewrk Natinal MRV Tier includes: Measuring - parameters t prepare the natinal GHG inventry Reprting Infrmatin n natinal GHG inventry; and, Impacts f NAMAs n GHG emissins deviatin frm BAU thrugh BURs Assessment f the infrmatin included in BURs thrugh ICA similar t Verificatin. The NAMA MRV tier supprts the Natinal MRV Tier.

11 A Natinal MRV System the Prcess

12 MRV f Emissins - What t Measure Different Frms f Intended Cntributins Natinal emissin reductin intended cntributins in frm f pledges r targets can have different frms: Climate neutrality Emissins belw business as usual Emissins belw base year Emissins per GDP

13 MRV f Emissins - What t Measure MEASURING - Emissins and emissin reductins frm emissin surces n natinal, reginal, sectral levels based n IPCC Guidelines REPORTING - Emissins frm emissin surces n natinal, reginal, sectral levels based n UNFCCC intended cntributins (e.g. thrugh Natinal Cmmunicatins, Biennial Update Reprts, GHG Inventry) VERIFYING - Emissins frm emissin surces n natinal, reginal, sectral levels based n natinal emissin targets, indicatrs - cmpared t baselines (e.g. thrugh Internatinal Cnsultatin and Analysis ICA) Implementatin f quality assurance and quality cntrl

14 MRV f Emissins - Factrs f success Gd infrmatin and gd cmmunicatin are the building blcks f a successful MRV System. Gd infrmatin is the prduct f detailed and cnsistent mnitring, which is based n credible methds fr systematically and cmprehensively recrded emissins data. Gathering and reprting gd infrmatin depends n gd cmmunicatin between all institutins invlved. Institutinal arrangements must be in place t crdinate participatin f stakehlders. Clearly defined rles and respnsibilities will ensure the smth flw f infrmatin t all entities prducing, reprting and verifying the GHG estimates. Gd legal arrangements gvern the fulfilment f respnsibilities in delivering MRV f Emissins. Understanding the bjective and scpe f MRV f emissins is essential t steering the whle prcess and mnitring prgress in achieving the desired utcmes.

15 Principles fr Measuring The fllwing gd practices shuld be taken int accunt when designing a measurement methdlgy: Accuracy Cmpleteness Cnservativeness Cnsistency Cmparability Transparency

16 Cnsideratins Assess existing institutinal arrangements, methdlgies, data cllectin systems - particularly GHG inventries, and available infrmatin n data quality. Identify gaps in capacities, technical skills, and data availability as well as in existing instruments. Use existing UNFCCC and IPCC mechanisms, ther available infrmatin surces and sectr-specific estimatin tls t help with the develpment f a functinal system fr MRV f Emissins. Incrprate best practice frm ther cuntries in the design f the MRV System. Cnsider the cst-effectiveness f all measures f the MRV system. Nte!: The gaps need nt be cmpletely bridged in rder t mve t the next step, as capacity building and tiered appraches frm part f the prcess f cntinuus learning and imprvement.

17 MRV f Emissins: Measurement Measurement shuld cver verall emissins and emissin reductins f GHGs. MRV f emissins can be applied t 3 levels: natinal, sectral and facility. The measuring institutin, as well as what, hw and when gets measured, depends n the scpe f MRV f emissins. The cmmn parameters acrss all levels are: EMISSIONS; ACTIVITY DATA; EMISSION FACTORS and FORECAST data fr prjectins

18 MRV f Emissins: Measurement Establish baselines as a reference pint fr setting future mitigatin targets. Invlve a range f rganizatins in the measurement prcess, e.g. cmpanies, industrial peratrs, trade assciatins, gvernment departments and research institutes. Multiply activity data (AD), e.g. energy statistics, with cuntry-specific emissin factrs (EFs) t achieve an estimatin f natinal emissins. Use/adapt existing standards and prtcls fr the measurement f emissins frm pint surces, such as industrial installatins. Harmnize the MRV systems n a natinal level, as well as in accrdance with internatinal requirements, e.g. Natinal Cmmunicatins r Biennial Update Reprt fr the UNFCCC.

19 An Overview f Measurement: What, Wh, Hw and When? The What, Wh, Hw and When questins will depend n the scpe, which can be cnsidered at 3 levels: Natinal, Sectral and Facility.

20 MRV f Emissins: Reprting Include infrmatin n: Sectrs, activities and types f gas Institutinal arrangements Methdlgies used, data surces, underlying assumptins, QA/QC prcedures Level and surces f uncertainty and descriptin f methdlgy used t determine the uncertainty Methdlgy f baseline cnstructin (if available) Use infrmatin cllected n a facility and sectral level by individual cmpanies r peratrs. Entrust a natinal entity with the develpment and crdinatin f the natinal GHG inventry. Fllw existing guidelines and time scales fr reprting, e.g. fr the prductin f Natinal Cmmunicatins, Biennial Update Reprts (BURs) and entries int the CDM registry. This will enhance credibility, reduces transactin csts and enables crss cuntry cmparisn and analysis between MRV systems.

21 An Overview f Reprting: What, Wh, Hw and When?

22 MRV f Emissins: Verificatin Implement quality assurance and quality cntrl prcedures at natinal level, in rder t imprve transparency, accuracy, cnsistency, cmpleteness, cmparability and the verall cnfidence in the emissin estimates. Apply QA/QC bth fr data prviders and the natinal entity respnsible fr cmpiling the emissins estimates. Verificatin is nt suppsed t cntrl cuntries but rather t install an internatinal learning prcess and t fster cntinuus imprvement. Als, cmparability is nt suppsed t pint at laggards but rather t enable Parties t add up numbers at natinal and internatinal level. Fllw internatinally established time frames fr verificatin f emissin data. GHG inventries fr Annex 1 Cuntries are reviewed annually by the UNFCCC, whereas BURs are subjected t internatinal cnsultatin and analysis (ICA) within 6 mnths after submissin. Verificatin entities can be UNFCCC reviewers, a team f technical experts under the UNFCCC wh cnducts ICA, r independent auditrs fr CDM prjects. Cuntries shuld submit BURs and subject them t ICA

23 An Overview f Verificatin: What, Wh, Hw and When?

24 MRV f Emissins: Cntinuus Imprvement Increase transparency, cnsistency, cmparability, cmpleteness and accuracy f GHG emissin estimates. This can be dne thrugh develping an imprvement plan t guide future effrts and priritise resurces fr imprving GHG emissin estimates fr the next time rund. Exchange experience with ther cuntries. This will prvide valuable input fr the develpment f the imprvement plan. Steps fr develping a natinal inventry imprvement plan may include: 1. Re-examinatin f the gap analysis checklist, cllected at the beginning f the prcess 2. Identificatin f key surce categries and individual imprvement fr each surce categry 3. Priritizatin f imprvements 4. Identificatin f pssibilities fr imprving institutinal arrangements 5. Develpment f actins, prjects and prgramme t implement inventry imprvement 6. Dcumentatin f the plan If there is a intended cntributin t reduce emissins, the results frm the cntinuusly imprved inventry shuld als be reflected in the assessment f the intended cntributin.

25 Setting up natinal MRV systems Integrated plicy apprach: LCDS; NAMAs; MRVs

26 Identifying NAMAs - Tp-dwn Prcess LCDS/LEDS as framewrks fr NAMAs Natinal/sectral lw carbn strategy Natinal mitigatin strategies: LEDS Climate Cmpatible Develpment Plans Natinal Climate Change Plans NAMA 1 NAMA 2 NAMA 3 NAMA

27 Setting up natinal MRV systems Main rles fr the MRV management unit Establishing the necessary guidelines and prcedures fr peratin f MRV f NAMA; Establish systems and prcedures fr verificatin f reprted impacts f NAMAs; Guidelines fr quality cntrl and quality assurance f cllected data; Wrk with relevant ministries, institutins, and rganizatins fr cllecting data that helps bth track prgress in implementing NAMA, climate change plicy as well as estimate natinal GHG inventry.

28 Challenges fr MRV Natinal Systems Limited Capacities (institutinal/individual) Fr: establishing institutinal set ups, planning, data cllectin and management f infrmatin difficulties fr data gathering and identify actins; dependency n internatinal cnsultants Insufficient Institutinal Framewrks Lacking r weakness f frmal arrangements (including legal) with data prviders; lack f cperatin amng institutins; natinal authrities with n authrity

29 Challenges fr MRV Natinal Systems Limited Financing (natinal and internatinal) Insufficient teams and capacities t imprve inventries: lack f data; limited r n recrding f data and infrmatin; lss f qualified staff; Lack f cntinuity Lss f experts, lss f histrical memry, Lack f time series N cntrl fr externalizatin/ n archive lss f de infrmatin, start frm scratch = waste f resurces

30 Respnses Develpment f enhancement f natinal authrities and wrking grups Identificatin f functins and rles, infrmatin flw and deadlines fr each cycle f inventries (planning; preparatin and management Establishing frmal arrangements with ther entities

31 Respnses Ensure financial resurces (natinal and internatinal) t prepare cntinuusly inventries; NCs and BURs Adequate institutinal arrangements nt versized Maximum use f existing capacities and cperatin

32 Respnses Cntinuus capacity develpment and permanency f experts and wrking grups r teams Prcess cntrl and data in case f externalizatin Data and infrmatin

33 Respnses Priritize enhancing the capacities and skills f natinal experts Reginal cllabratin and exchange f experiences with experts frm ther cuntries Participatin n exams and analysis f ther inventries under the cnventin

34 Thank yu!! Fr mre infrmatin at

35 MRV f NAMAs MRV f NAMAs entails t measure, reprt and verify the impacts f mitigatin plicies and actins. Activities f the Actin are assigned their wn indicatrs, whether they seek t measure GHG reductins r ther benefits. Therefre, the indicatrs determine what gets measured, reprted and verified. MRV f Actins helps t identify challenges and pprtunities, as well as the verall effectiveness f Mitigatin Actins (e.g. emissin reductins and prgress t achieving bjectives and c-benefits). Little fcus t-date n the MRV f mitigatin actins, including nn-cmprehensive descriptins in Natinal Cmmunicatins ften lead t a vague understanding f mitigatin impacts. What gets Measured: Emissin reductins accrding t emissin baseline scenari Prgress f achievement f sustainable develpment gals/c-benefits What gets eprted: Data n emissin savings and methdlgies/sustainability bjectives, cverage, institutinal arrangements and activities, based n the qualitative and quantitative guidelines fr submissin f Biennial Update Reprts (BURs) What gets Verified: All quantitative and qualitative infrmatin reprted fr the mitigatin actin Guidelines fr verificatin are still under negtiatin in the UNFCCC; Data may be verified thrugh natinal prcedures, Internatinal cnsultatin and Analysis and shuld apply Transparency, Cmpleteness, Cnsistency, Cmparability, Accuracy (TCCCA) criteria.

36 MRV f NAMAs success factrs Understanding the ratinale behind develping a successful MRV plan is the key t understand the MRV f NAMA success factrs. Gd infrmatin and cmmunicatin are f vital imprtance. Gathering and keeping a recrd f infrmatin fr reprting relies n gd cmmunicatin and crdinatin between all entities invlved in the mnitring prcess. Define clear rles and respnsibilities and give transparent guidance t each rganisatin invlved in develping and implementing the NAMA MRV-plan. This will ensure the reliability and cnsistency f the measured infrmatin, as well as its timely reprting and verificatin. Calculate emissin mitigatin and mitigatin csts based n prven r credible methds and using the best available data. Mnitring quality and reliability f data and an pen and transparent access t infrmatin increases the efficiency f the MRV prcess. Emissin mitigatin and mitigatin csts shuld be calculated based n prven r credible methds using the best available data. Examine existing MRV best practice t ensure the MRV plan is designed accrding t natinal requirements. Perfrm cntinuus review and imprvement f the MRV plan. Organisatins with different expertise shuld be invlved, in rder t maximise technical capabilities.

37 Overview f Measurement: What, Wh, Hw and When?

38 Main cnsideratins fr Measurement Define a baseline: calculate the difference between the emissins prjectins scenari with and withut the NAMA, in rder t btain an estimatin f the emissin mitigatin impact f the NAMA. (Defining a Baseline) Creating a marginal abatement csts curve (MAC) can be useful t calculate and cmpare mitigatin csts. Evaluate c-benefits, as well as ecnmic incremental csts. Fr this purpse create indicatrs t track prgress n: The achievement f NAMA s gal The achievement f sustainable develpment gals Develp data management systems t identify and recrd measurable data frm different surces. Data management systems shuld cnsider different sets f indicatr, be transparent, use harmnized methdlgies and deliver data in a timely manner. (Data Management System) Designate a central rganizatin respnsible fr cmpiling and evaluating infrmatin, received thrugh the data management systems. Define respnsibilities t sectral rganizatins, municipalities, cmpanies and ther stakehlders. Cnduct measurement n a regular basis, e.g. every year fr the purpses f the natinal inventry system, every tw years fr BURs, and upn agreement in the case f bilateral arrangements. Surce: GIZ MRV Tl

39 What t Reprt The key bjective t increase the transparency f mitigatin effrts made by the develping cuntries as well as build mutual cnfidence amng all cuntries Reprting is an imprtant part f MRV and will be gverned by the requirements f financiers, dmestic plicy makers and internatinal reprting requirements. Tw key elements f reprting are: a) reprting regularly; and b) clearly identifying the audience and designing reprting requirements accrdingly.

40 Reprting and Review under UNFCCC Parties t the Cnventin must submit natinal reprts (Natinal Cmmunicatin NC) n implementatin f the Cnventin t the Cnference f the Parties (COP). The cre elements f the NCs are infrmatin n: Emissins and remvals f greenhuse gases (GHGs); Details f the activities a Party has undertaken t implement the Cnventin. It als cntains infrmatin n: vulnerability assessment, financial resurces and transfer f technlgy, and educatin, training and public awareness;

41 An Overview f Reprting: What, Wh, Hw and When?

42 Cnsideratins fr Reprt Fllw the qualitative and quantitative guidelines fr submissin f BURs, as adpted in Durban. Quantitative infrmatin data n emissin savings and methdlgies Qualitative infrmatin data n sustainability bjectives, cverage, institutinal arrangements and activities within the NAMA. Designate rganisatins respnsible fr reprting t the UNFCCC (BURs), t NAMAs financiers and t the natinal gvernment. Use submissin templates fr the reprting t the UNFCCC registry and thrugh NCs and BURs. The first are due in December Define clear respnsibilities fr the NAMA implementers. The MRV implementatin plan shuld give answers t the ques

43 What t Verify Verificatin is a prcess f (independently) checking the accuracy and reliability f reprted infrmatin r the prcedures used t generate that infrmatin. The language and presentatin f the verificatin mdel chsen shuld always cnsider the recipient f the verified infrmatin. It is an imprtant step twards insuring effective use f funds, the transparency f the activities being undertaken and their impacts. Verificatin culd als play a useful rle in quality assurance and quality cntrl (QA/QC) t imprve the MRV system ver time by prviding feedback n measurement methds and prcedures and imprvements in reprting in ther wrds, n the verificatin prcess itself. Verificatin ensures that the reprted infrmatin is cmplete, cnsistent and reliable

44 An Overview f Verificatin: What, Wh, Hw and When?

45 Cnsideratins fr Verificatin Subject the qualitative and quantitative infrmatin reprted n the NAMA t natinal verificatin prcedures, such as quality assessment prcedures. At internatinal level, BURs will be subject t the prcess f Internatinal Cnsultatin and Analysis (ICA) ICA will supprt cuntries in imprving their M&R systems and mitigatin actins. Guidelines fr the verificatin f mitigatin actins are still under negtiatin and shall be decided by the COP 19. It is perfrmed by different rganisatins at dmestic and internatinal levels, e.g. UNFCCC reviewers r by gvernment institutins. Assign different rganisatins t verify infrmatin at different stages f the MRV framewrk fr NAMAs and apply Transparency, Cmpleteness, Cnsistency, Cmparability, Accuracy (TCCCA) criteria.

46 Cntinuus imprvement Measurement Increase efficiency f data cllectin; Increase capacity fr quantifying emissin saving estimates; Measure new data previusly nt available; and Imprve the quality f data thrugh imprved methdlgies fr measuring Revise baseline assumptins Reprting Ensure that the submissin meets all requirements in guidelines; Imprving efficiency thrugh develping tls useful fr reprting NAMAs; Verificatin Implement feedback and issues fund by independent reviewers; In-huse pst submissin review t develp an imprvement plan; and Build in-huse QA/QC prcedure t imprve efficiency f verificatin in terms f cst and time. MRV systems can imprve NAMA implementatin. In turn, new NAMAs require cntinuus imprvement f MRV Plans.