1 THE CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE A View of a People by the Sea
2 CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE A View of a People by the Sea Copyright NGO Forum on ADB, December 2012 NGO FORUM ON ADB is an Asian-led network of civil society organizations and community groups that has been monitoring policies, projects and programs of the Asian Development Bank. The Forum does not accept funds or any other grants from the ADB. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS The FORUM acknowledges the efforts of the late Jaime Escober Jr., who passed away during the making of this photo book. We are grateful to SAMMACA (Samahan ng Artisanong Mangingisda Communities ng Calatagan) in Calatagan, Batangas, Tony Bautista and Ruperto Aleroza, for allowing us to closely observe their lives and struggles throughout the process. We also recognize Avilash Roul, Roberto Emilio Hernandez, Arsenio Tanchuling, and Tambuyog Development Center for helping conceptualize this publication. Editorial Support: Rayyan Hassan, Lala Cantillo, Rizalito Lopez and Ronald D. Masayda Photography: Raymond Panaligan Photo Consultant: Presciano Yabao Cover Design: R. Jordan P. Santos Inside Design & Print: Proprint Design Corner
3 THE CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE A View of a People by the Sea
4 2 FOREWORD Grassroots development practitioners has always questioned the notion of thinking global in modern environmental management and development practice. They have argued that in thinking globally or thinking big, modern development policy allows a few experts to decide the outcome of the many, especially for those who remain far removed from the strategic planning boardroom. As a result in terms of climate change adaptation policies, a rich diversity of knowledge, practices and ideals inherent to the local communities and their natural habitat are often overlooked. Development thinkers who have critiqued the idea of a generalized modern development system all agree that the one-size-fits-all prescription fails to adhere to diverse ecological systems and localities. As dissent and social protest and use of force become common themes in natural resource management; the issue of environmental knowledge has emerged as a determinant factor in shaping state policies, adaptation programs, and community survival. It is often touted that development funding is the driving force in project realities; hence it is of no surprise that some voices tend to be more dominant than others during the implementation of a project or program. Consequently, what emerges is a power play between actors such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the state, and non-state actors. The outcomes of these dynamics often influence the acceptability and reach of a project/program. Unsurprisingly, these dynamics do not address the concerns of the communities. There are innumerable examples of top down strategies that have not focused on existing cultural and local contexts. The outcomes have often led to an erosion of local society dynamics and local knowledge systems. They have led to the destruction of precious ecosystems. But more significantly, top down strategies have reduced the target members or beneficiaries like dependents that hang on the lowest rung of the development ladder rather than genuine participatory stakeholders. To this end, this coffee table book on the Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) aims to highlight how Filipino fisher folk communities live and practice their traditional livelihoods in the project area of Calatagan, Batangas. In the same vein this pictorial book can be seen as a testament to local knowledge systems that fisher folk communities have drawn upon for survival and adaptation during severe climate change and man-made crises. This initiative emerges during a time when the emission concentrations of Green House Gasses and the degradation of the earth s natural cycles continue amid a trail of failed policy dialogues and climate summits. It is now evident to grass root development practitioners and civil society organizations (CSO) that the possibility of an alternative approach has to be investigated. The draconian mindset, which has dominated the ADB s large scale project operations is also starting to display signs of self-reflection; their new Public Communication Policy or PCP emphasizes the need for more CSO dialogue in project areas (how nominally effective they maybe). One can almost sense large scale development practitioners such as the ADB, unwillingly having to comprehend the underlying social influences which shape communities into their project/program plans, as emerging inroads in Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) and Accountability Mechanism discourse are being high on the agenda of CSO discussion meetings globally. Thus, the focus in areas such as local wisdom and ethno ecology may seem like a dream now. But we should remind ourselves that so was the concept of air travel before the Wright Brothers came along! Let us hope that looking at local communities as custodians of natural resources may be a way to bridge that gap where pro-growth development objectives and community interests have often found themselves at odds. Throughout the pages before you, we hope that some of the pictures gather your interest to look a bit closer into the lives of fisher folk communities. We hope that as you flip through the book, you will get the vicarious feeling of talking to like-minded friends around the coffee table. That alone would be counted as a measure of success for this effort. For instance, your eyes may rest upon the simple intimacy shared by coastal fisher folks as they manage their fishing grounds; or be simply amazed at the clarity of the blue skies, green mangroves and glittering fresh catch in the baskets. Breathe and relax while you absorb and reflect on the visualizations of fishing communities and how they are placed within the context of our fast-paced, hectic modern realities. Perhaps, you might find that tranquil simplicity you were looking for in their smiles, their elders hopes and their children s songs. The daily struggles and aspirations of fisher folks may not really be that different from yours. In the pages to come you will observe how on a daily basis they brave into the open waters armed with nothing but simple tools and sheer will. Smile as you turn a page, and reflect. These pictures are testament to their personal glory. See how they return victorious to their families with all the sea s providence in sturdy hand-woven baskets. As the men earn their rest from the sea, the women take turns drying and processing the fish and the seaweeds. After their share is kept for the home kitchen, observe who takes them to the market and who mends the nets. This book we hope can be a simple reminder for us urban folks of the things we hold precious and what can we do to protect it. It also allows us in a way to examine how age-old community practices may become vulnerable to large-scale initiatives that are being aggressively pushed by dominant development actors. We encourage you to share your ideas and reflections from this book with your friends and families. By doing so you will help us raise more awareness, and we will be that much closer to protecting the waters, the fish and marine resources of as well as the smiles in the Calatagan CTI project area. Happy reading! Rayyan Hassan Executive Director, NGO Forum on ADB
5 3 The proposed program framework has a total estimated program implementation cost of more than US$459 million for the following seven program components: INTRODUCTION The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security (or CTI in short), is an undertaking of six countries lying in the Coral Triangle, the richest center of marine biodiversity in the world. These countries are Indonesia, the Philippines, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, East Timor and Solomon Islands. Although preparatory activities began in 2007, CTI was officially launched during the CTI Summit of these six countries in May 2009 in Manado, Indonesia. Besides these six countries, other countries (e.g. the United States), international funding agencies and international NGOs are also participating in CTI. The international funding agencies are: Asian Development Bank (ADB), Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and its Global Environment Facility (GEF), United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and World Bank. Three international NGOs are involved: World Wildlife Fund for Nature (WWF), The Nature Conservancy and Conservation International. The Coral Triangle region in which the CTI is being implemented is a vast span of ocean straddling the islands that compose the six countries (CT6), an area half the size of the United States. It contains 75 percent of the world s known coral species, more than 3,000 species of fish and the world s riches mangrove forests. The region generates about US$2.4 billion worth of marine products per year, and an estimated 120 million people that live in coastal communities in the area are directly dependent on the local coastal and marine resources for their livelihoods and food security. Moreover, it is the spawning and juvenile growth area for the world s largest tuna fishery and it has the potential of becoming the world s most important refuge for marine life in light of the future climate change impacts. CTI in its Proposed Program Framework has the following goals agreed by participating countries: 1) Introduce effective management systems for priority seascapes; 2) Apply ecosystem approach to fisheries management; 3) Expand and improve management and representation of effectively managed marine protected areas; 4) Support climate change adaptation measures to sustain economic development and global services from vulnerable coastal and marine ecosystems; 5) Improve threatened species status in coastal and marine ecosystems. 1. Strengthening and enabling legal, policy & planning environment for improved water, coastal and marine resources management. 2. Capacity building for improved coastal and marine resources management. 3. Establishing sustainably financed and resilient marine protected/managed areas and systems. 4. Managing environmental threats to international waters from ridge to reef and supporting integrated coastal resources management, including sustainable fisheries. 5. Increasing resilience to climate change that threatens the integrity of coastal and marine ecosystems. 6. Monitoring coastal and marine resource conditions and threats, and sharing knowledge for improved management. 7. Regional cooperation program coordination and management. Several sub-projects have already been implemented under the CTI by ADB, UNDP, GEF, FAO and the World Bank. While not all these institutions are active in each and all sub-projects, they are all generally responsible for crafting the CTI as the overall Programme linking up all projects and sub-projects. One of the sub-projects is the Sulu-Sulawesi Sea Large Marine Ecosystem and Adjacent Area Sustainable Fisheries Management funded by UNDP and GEF. This sub-project is jointly managed by a tri-national cooperation structure composed of Indonesia, Malaysia and Philippines and the NGOs WWF and Conservation International. Three subcommittees are in-charge of three priority concerns: species protection, establishment of Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) and sustainable fisheries development. The Sulu-Sulawesi is a large seascape that includes the coastal and marine areas between the provinces of Batangas (the site of this photo book) and Mindoro in the Verde Island Passage, and extends south up to the marine areas off Sabah in Malaysia and East Kalimantan in Indonesia.
6 4 For ages, the underwater treasures of the Bay have defined the existence, survival and even extinction of its surrounding habitat.
7 5 The Sulu-Sulawesi is a large seascape that includes the coastal and marine areas between the provinces of Batangas (the site of this photo book) and Mindoro in the Verde Island Passage, and extends south up to the marine areas off Sabah in Malaysia and East Kalimantan in Indonesia. Calatagan is a municipality located in the southwestern of the province of Batangas, about four hours away from Manila by bus. It has a land area of more than 13,000 hectares divided into 25 villages (known locally as barangay). The majority are coastal villages fronting Pagapas Bay and Balayan Bay along the Verde Island Passage.
8 6 Fishery, apart from agriculture, is what sustains and nourishes the coastal villages of Calatagan such as Bagong Silang.
9 Coastal living 7
10 8 Early morning arrival of fishers with their fresh catch Indian mackerel (alumahan), roundscad (galunggong), yellowfin tuna (tambakol), frigate mackerel (tulingan), rabbitfish (danggit), squid (pusit) and octopus (pugita) are often among their rich harvest.
11 These family providers welcome the extra boost from caffeine after a hard night s work. 9
12 10 Womenfolk are a major driving force of Calatagan s fisheries industry.
13 Small fish traders weighing their catch to sell directly to domestic market. 11
14 12 Cleaning and degutting siganids (danggit)
15 Owing to its unique taste, the processed danggit of Calatagan has birthed a thriving cottage industry. 13
16 14 Dried Siganid (danggit) Pride in their product
17 Seaweed farming is another important livelihood source in coastal villages. Two species are farmed: caulerpa (lato) for food and eucheuma for industrial use. 15
18 16 Planting, harvesting, and selling of seaweeds
19 Seaweed culture activities in Calatagan is a joint venture of SAMMACA and Bureau of Fisheries and Aquatic Resources. 17
20 18 Vast tidal flats and mangroves are sources of food and livelihood. Found here are both edible and decorative shellfish, tasty seaweeds, and other economically important marine flora and fauna. Tiny sea shells called caligay
21 The ebbing and flowing of the tide leave gifts for a solitary soul to collect. 19
22 20 A portrait of fishers as expert weavers; this is central to the hayuma (daily fish net maintenance).
23 Nets that are as strong, stable and sturdy as their masters 21
24 22 A sanctuary for marine life and humans, this mangrove plantation has successfully fended off the encroachment of new development.
25 Deep in the consciousness of coastal communities is the significance of propagating mangrove forests. 23
26 24 Commercial and traditional fishing share in the bounty of the Bay.
27 25 Fishing crew carrying their harvest to sell to big fish traders Fish-sorting for distribution to their target markets
28 26 Privately-owned structures and properties threaten to displace fishing communities from their settlement and fishing grounds.
29 Defacing Calatagan s Coast. Commercial aquaculture, tourism and residential sites have started to destroy coastal habitats such as mangroves and cause marine pollution in some of parts of the municipality. 27
30 28 Coastal villagers have proactively asked the local government to have all legitimate fishers of Calatagan duly registered.
31 29 Enjoying a light-hearted moment with some village children is SAMMACA advocacy officer, Ka Uper Aleroza. The group has repeatedly stated that CTI implemented its fisheries management without the participation of and consultation with local fishers.
33 31 Facing the Future. These young, beautiful faces belie an uncertainty that may soon visit their communities. CTI may expand the current Marine Protected Areas from two hectares to sixty hectares. This would spell loss of livelihood for the small-scale fishers and their loved ones.
34 32 Sailing On: These fishers will stand up against any threat to their lives and livelihoods.
36 LEA Composed by Rom Dongeto and performed with Noel Cabangon as Buklod Tagalog Lyrics of Lea May ningning pa ang mga bituin Nagbangon na sila t handa nang salubungin Yaong mga mangingisdang nagpalaot sa magdamag Katulad ng marami pang kabiyak naroroon si Lea, naghihintay Kilala nya ang kilos ng dagat Kilala niya ang mga awit ng habagat Saksi ang mga alon sa wagas ng pagsuyo At sa tuwing pagdating ng sinta Panglaw sa puso y dagling naglalaho Wala mang katiyakan, muling pagsasama Natutunan na niyang mahalin ang pangamba Natutunan na niyang mahalin ang paghihintay Wala mang katiyakan, Naroroon si Lea, naghihintay May ningning pa ang mag bituin Nagbanong na siya t handa nang salubungin Ang mahal na asawang lagi t laging lumilisan Ang tubig sa kanyang mga mata Maaring luha ng tuwa o pagdurusa Wala mang katiyakan... (The song is about a fisher s wife named Lea apprehensively waiting for the return of her husband, who has gone out on a regular fishing trip. The song reflects the uncertainties and risks related to fishing and to the families relying on it ) NGO FORUM ON ADB 85-A Masikap Ext., Barangay Central Diliman, Quezon City 1101 Philippines Tel.: Telefax: Have you visited the FORUM website lately?
2008/MRCWG/022 Agenda Item: 10 Coral Triangle Initiative (CTI) on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Securities Purpose: Information Submitted by: Indonesia 21 st Marine Resource Conservation Working Group
CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE (CTI) ON CORAL REEFS, FISHERIES AND FOOD SECURITIES By: Cherryta Yunia Director General for Forest Protection and Nature Conservation Ministry of Forestry The Republic of Indonesia
U.S. Support, Challenges and Opportunities Most Diverse Ecological Complexes on Earth Cooperation the Key: Regional Conservation s Amazon Congo Basin Importance of Food Security and Livelihoods 363 million
Views from Living Marine Resources Management and the Coral Triangle Project Annadel Salvio Cabanban Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management Specialist, Coral Triangle Initiative Southeast Asia Project:
The Coral Triangle Region, The Coral Triangle Initiative, and the Development of the Six Country Marine Protected Area System Alan White The Nature Conservancy The Coral Triangle Initiative Coral Triangle
A Monthly Look at Successful Sustainability Initiatives Green Light Managing the Global Commons: The Coral Triangle Initiative Global Agenda Council on Governance for Sustainability April 2014 Green Light
The CTI-CFF countries: Development partners: We are for the wold, what the world can offer The Coral Triangle Initiative on Coral Reefs, Fisheries and Food Security: A Platform for Delivering on the Rio+20
THE CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE (CTI) ON CORAL REEFS, FISHERIES AND FOOD SECURITY 1st Sulu Sulawesi Sea (SSS) Conference 18-19 November 2015 1 Introduction to CTI PRESENTATION OUTLINE State of the CTI Marine
The Coral Triangle Ini.a.ve on Coral Reefs, Fisheries, and Food Security (CTI- CFF): An Ini.a.ve For A Sustainable Future Presented at the Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research
THE CORAL TRIANGLE INITIATIVE ON CORAL REEFS, FISHERIES AND FOOD SECURITY Designing and Operating MPA Networks and Systems in the Coral Triangle Countries Regional Exchange and Workshop in Support of the
The World Bank & the Ocean A Healthy & Productive Ocean to Help Reduce Poverty Why oceans matter to the World Bank NUTRITION Seafood provides 16% of the world s animal protein 1 billion people in developing
Fisheries in Crisis and Conflict in the Coral Triangle Reflections on the Live Reef Fish Trade and The Coral Triangle Initiative Charles Barber Environmental Advisor Office of Environment and Science Policy
Progress Towards the Development of the Six Country Coral Triangle Marine Protected Area System (CTMPAS) Alan White Senior Scientist, The Nature Conservancy and Lynette Laroya MPA Technical Working Group,
ESL ENGLISH LESSON (60-120 mins) 10 th August 2010 Mangrove loss faster than land-based forests Mangrove forests are disappearing faster than land-based forests according to a new United Nations report
5 JUNE 2015 MINISTERIAL MEETING OF THE BLUE WEEK 2015 We, Ministers responsible for Ocean/ Fisheries/ Maritime Affairs, having met in Lisbon on June the 5 th, 2015, at the invitation of the Minister of
Creating Green Jobs within the Environment and Culture sector. Matilda Skosana Environmental Programmes (ILO Definition): 1. DEFINITION OF GREEN JOB. Jobs are green when they help reduce negative environmental
Integrating conservation and livelihood activities towards community adaptation to climate change challenges along Wami-Ruvu mangrove ecosystem, Bagamoyo, Tanzania. Abstract 1 Mahenge, J. and 2 Tegule,
Transforming wasted resources for a sustainable future The sustainable management of bycatch in Latin America and Caribbean trawl fisheries REBYC-II LAC Shrimp trawling and other types of bottom trawling
Indonesian Government Blue Carbon Priorities 1) 2) Tonny Wagey 1) Blue Carbon Centre - MoMAF 2) Arafura and Timor Seas Ecosystem Action (ATSEA) Why is Blue Carbon Important for Indonesia? Total Area: 3.11
Overview of the US Coral Triangle Initiative Support Program Climate Change Adaptation Britt Parker NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program rramos 2007 Coral Triangle Initiative & Region www.coraltriangleinitiative.org
Assessing adaptation options for climate change: A guide for coastal communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific 5. Social Network Analysis Scoping Identifying options Evaluation of options Planning
QUÉBEC DECLARATION ON ECOTOURISM In the framework of the UN International Year of Ecotourism, 2002, under the aegis of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) and the World Tourism Organization
Applying Knowledge Management to Scale up Partnership Investments for Sustainable Development of Large Marine Ecosystems of East Asia and Their Coasts Project Title Applying Knowledge Management to Scale
Assessing adaptation options for climate change: A guide for coastal communities in the Coral Triangle of the Pacific 1. Assessment process Scoping Identifying options Evaluation of options Planning implementation
CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION TOOLKIT FOR COASTAL COMMUNITIES IN THE CORAL TRIANGLE Tool 4 - Guide to Vulnerability Assessment and Local Early Action Planning (VA-LEAP) CTI CCA LEAP Tool 4 Vulnerability Assessment
Fisheries and Aquaculture in our Changing Climate Coastal communities, fishers and fish farmers are already profoundly affected by climate change. Rising sea levels, acid oceans, droughts and floods are
Country Operations Business Plan: Philippines, 2013 2015 SECTOR ASSESSMENT (SUMMARY): AGRICULTURE AND NATURAL RESOURCES 1 A. Sector Performance, Problems, and Opportunities 1. Sector importance and growth
19 T H A I L A N D Linking Mid-term Rehabilitation to Long-term Sustainability: Baan Tha Klang Fishing Community Co-op Shop GENERAL INFORMATION Country: Thailand Location: Ranong Province, Suksamran District
Protected Area Categories and Management Objectives A protected area is defined as: An area of land and/or sea especially dedicated to the protection and maintenance of biological diversity, and of natural
CONSERVATION AREAS ACT CAP. 30.15 Conservation Areas Act CAP. 30.15 Arrangement of Sections CONSERVATION AREAS ACT Arrangement of Sections Section 1 Short title... 5 2 Interpretation... 5 3 Declaration
Doing Business, Small & Medium Enterprise Support and Information Access Vietnam, a nation of 92 million people, aspires to be more fully integrated into the global economy and community and an industrialized
The Sustainable Financing and Management of Eastern Caribbean Marine Ecosystems Project Demonstration Site Concept Woburn Clarkes Court Bay Marine Protected Area Improving Water Quality in Marine Protected
Environmental governance United Nations Environment Programme An overview Governing our planet s rich and diverse natural resources is an increasingly complex challenge. In our globalised world of interconnected
Educator s Resource Guide GRADES 6 8 Dear Teachers: Welcome to dynamic science activities inspired by the IMAX film. These materials, created by Scholastic Inc., IMAX Corporation, and Warner Bros. Pictures,
REGISTERED CHARITY 1098893 Harnessing mobile technology to improve small-scale fisheries management Thanks to expanding mobile networks, we re extending the reach, reducing the cost and engaging more communities
Appendix A. The Marine Life Protection Act (MLPA) THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA DO ENACT AS FOLLOWS: SECTION 1. Chapter 10.5 (commencing with Section 2850) is added to Division 3 of the Fish and
Sustainability and Wildlife Conservation Updates: the Malaysian Perspectives MPOC Reach & Remind Friends of the Industry Seminar: Challenges and Opportunities in 2012 Royale Chulan Hotel 16 January 2012
Reef Magic Education and Research Field trips. Links to the Australian Curriculum v6.0 Science Year Level Biological Science Description Foundation Living things have basic needs including food and water.
207 ORDINARY MEETING 22 JUNE 2011 13 PROJECT SUPPORT 2012 INTERNATIONAL CORAL REEF SYMPOSIUM Fiona Wilson/ Stefanie Wilson: 1/59/1-01: #3205573 RECOMMENDATION: That Council approves financial support of
Satellite Observation of Heavily Lit Fishing Boat Activity in the Coral Triangle Region Christopher D. Elvidge Earth Observation Group NOAA National Geophysical Data Center E-mail: email@example.com
Creating governable EBM and MPA networks: An analytic framework and empirical results from the Philippines Patrick Christie Associate Professor SMA and JSIS Pew Fellow in Marine Conservation University
GLOBAL ALLIANCE FOR CLIMATE-SMART AGRICULTURE (GACSA) FRAMEWORK DOCUMENT Version 01 :: 1 September 2014 I Vision 1. In today s world there is enough food produced for all to be well-fed, but one person
WILDLIFE LAW ENFORCEMENT AND GOVERNANCE IN THE PHILIPPINES By Antonio C. Manila Protected Areas & Wildlife Bureau DENR, Diliman, Quezon City, Philippines TOPICS FOR DISCUSSIONS: 1. Updates on Philippine
Marine Protected Areas POLICY Canada March 1999 Published by: Canada Marine Ecosystems Conservation Branch Oceans Directorate Ottawa, ON K1A 0E6 DFO / 5870 Minister of Public Works and Government Service
Ref.: SCBD/MPO/AF/CR/84948 31 August 2015 Dear Madam/Sir, N O T I F I C A T I O N Preparation for the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit 2015 I am pleased to inform you that the President of
The Hanoi Communiqué The Ministers, representatives of countries, practitioners, scientists, civil society, private sector, and all other participants present at the 2 nd Global Conference on Agriculture,
A Quick Analysis of MPA financing and A Financial Management Framework for MPA Networks Mr. John D. Claussen and Mr. Stuart J. Green Email: Stuartjames.firstname.lastname@example.org John@starlingresources.com Overview
INTERNATIONAL OBLIGATIONS AND AGREEMENTS TITLE DESCRIPTION Ratification Focal Point CONVENTIONS The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) also called the Law of the Sea Convention or
DEPARTMENT OF FORESTRY DRAFT REVISED NATIONAL FOREST POLICY OF MALAWI July, 2013 1. Foreword 2. Preface 3. Introduction 4. Policy linkages 5. Broad Policy Direction 6. Policy Priority Areas Provides the
Presenter s name Aquatic Ecosystems Restoration Lessons Learned from Asian Development Bank Operations Qingfeng Zhang, Senior Water Resources Engineer Asian Development Bank This Presentation will discuss
DRYLAND SYSTEMS Science for better food security and livelihoods in the dry areas CGIAR Research Program on Dryland Agricultural Production Systems The global research partnership to improve agricultural
Marine biological diversity beyond areas of national jurisdiction Legal and policy framework 1. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) provides the legal framework within which all
Public Disclosure Copy EAST ASIA AND PACIFIC Indonesia Environment Global Practice IBRD/IDA Investment Project Financing FY 2014 Seq No: 2 ARCHIVED on 03-Feb-2015 ISR17440 Implementing Agencies: Ministry
s: Now and Then Section A) Kapus in Hawaii: Environmental Protection in the Ocean Before s Defining Environment When we talk about protecting the environment, what do we mean? What exactly is our environment?
Seaflower Biosphere Reserve Country: COLUMBIA Project Overview Columbia declared the archipelago of San Andres, Old Providence, and Santa Catalina a biosphere reserve called the Seaflower Biosphere Reserve.
Climate Change: A Local Focus on a Global Issue Newfoundland and Labrador Curriculum Links 2010-2011 HEALTH Kindergarten: Grade 1: Grade 2: Know that litter can spoil the environment. Grade 3: Grade 4:
Indonesia at the Center of the Coral Triangle: Mere Posturing or an Opportunity for Action? Presented at the Indonesia Study Group Meeting Indonesia Project, ANU 18 July 2012 Lydia Napitupulu Faculty of
EIGHTH SESSION OF THE OPEN WORKING GROUP ON SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT GOALS New Zealand intervention in segment on Oceans and Seas Stephanie Lee, Chargé d'affaires a.i. 4 February 2014 Check against delivery
GREAT BARRIER REEF Climate Change Action Plan 2007 2011 Climate change is now recognised as the greatest long-term threat to the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is internationally renowned as
UNDP Turkey Environment and Sustainable Development Programme Helping Turkey to attain environmental sustainability Working for poverty reduction and improving livelihoods of people C100 M57 Y0 K2 Helping
Facts on biodiversity What is biodiversity? Biological diversity (biodiversity) comprises diversity of species and habitats as well as the genetic diversity within the individual species of fauna and flora.
Laws to promote environmental sustainability of oceans and seas Laws regulations and other measures for conservation and sustainable use of living marine resources and biodiversity including those beyond
NEW YORK SEASCAPE PROGRAM A COMMITMENT TO OCEAN CONSERVATION JULY 2012 1 Wildlife Conservation Society The Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) saves wildlife and wild places worldwide. We do so through
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU October 2008 Population, Health, and Environment Issues in the Philippines A Profile of Calabarzon (Region 4-A) Clarinda Lusterio-Berja and Lisa Colson Linking population, health,
Education Booklet Excursions & Field Trips 2014 Welcome to our Marine World Education Research Conservation Our Mission To be a self sustaining community organisation recognised internationally as a leader
Lesson Overview 6.3 6.3 Objectives Define biodiversity and explain its value. Identify current threats to biodiversity. Describe how biodiversity can be preserved. THINK ABOUT IT From multicolored coral
The Marine Protected Area Inventory New pictures Jordan Gass, Hugo Selbie and Charlie Wahle ESRI Ocean Forum November 6, 2013 Outline What is the MPA Inventory? Purpose Data How it s used Future directions
ECHOES FROM BARILOCHE: Conclusions, Recommendations and Action Guidelines The Second Latin American Congress on National Parks and other Protected Areas aimed to asses, value and project the contribution
UNITED NATIONS ENVIRONMENT PROGRAMME Environment for Development UNEP is the voice for the environment within the United Nations system UNEP s mission is to provide leadership and encourage partnership
This website would like to remind you: Your browser (Safari 7) is out of date. Update your browser for more security, comfort and the best experience on this site. lesson Human Impacts on the World Ocean
Indonesian MPA s: : An overview, with case study on Bunaken National Park Co-Management Meity Mongdong Natural Resources Management Program, North Sulawesi Presentation Outline Overview of Indonesian MPA
The International Journal of Marine and Coastal Law 25 (2010) 443 454 THE INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MARINE AND COASTAL LAW brill.nl/estu Current Legal Developments South East Asia The Coral Triangle Initiative
The World We Want A North-East Asian Youth Vision This Declaration was handed to His Excellency Kim Sung-hwan, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Trade of the Republic of Korea, in Seoul on 9 th of January
Role of Civil Society Organisations in REDD Projects A joint study by the Conservation Finance Alliance and PricewaterhouseCoopers Sergio Salas pwc Agenda/Contents Our work in ecosystems and biodiversity
18.01.2014 Final Communiqué of the GFFA 2014 "Empowering Agriculture: Fostering Resilience Securing Food and Nutrition" We, the Agriculture Ministers of 65 states of the world, assembled here in Berlin
GULF COAST VULNERABILITY ASSESSMENT: AN APPROACH TO ASSESS KEY DRIVERS OF ECOLOGICAL CHANGE IN GULF OF MEXICO ECOSYSTEMS AND SPECIES Amanda Watson NGI/GRI, Mississippi State University email@example.com
2.1 INTRODUCTION TO MPA NETWORKS Advantages of Networks 2.2 TYPES OF MPA NETWORKS Social Networks Ecological Networks Management-based Networks Case Study: A Regional Approach to MPA Development in West
IMPACT+ Coral Triangle Aquaculture: 3 OPPORTUNITIES FOR MARKETS IN CHINA Seaplants productivity base for a multi-billion dollar aquaculture industry INDONESIA SUPPLY CHINA DEMAND seaplant photosynthesis
Regional Gateway for Technology Transfer and Climate Change Action in Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC UNEP) Characterizing and addressing SLOW ONSET EVENTS climate change impacts on BIODIVERSITY
National BiodiversityStrategyandActionPlan (NBSAP),St. Lucia page 8 Resource tenure and access Most agricultural lands, and a majority of forest lands, are privately owned. Two significant trends can be
SUBMISSION BY THE UNITED ARAB EMIRATES 22 October 2015 Intended Nationally Determined Contribution of the United Arab Emirates In the post-2020 period the United Arab Emirates will continue to expand its
Snapshots: Resilient Lands and Waters Initiative Introduction... 2 Lakes Huron and Erie Coastal Wetlands (Saginaw Bay (MI) to Maumee River (OH/IN))... 3 Puget Sound/Snohomish River Watershed... 4 Southwest
Minnekhada Park Association Strategic Plan 2012 - Page 1 Minnekhada Park Association (MPA) Strategic Plan (Adopted May 23, 2012) Our Mission: To preserve, protect and enhance the natural environment of
REGIONAL STATE OF THE CORAL TRIANGLE Coral Triangle Marine Resources: Their Status, Economies, and Management REGIONAL STATE OF THE CORAL TRIANGLE Coral Triangle Marine Resources: Their Status, Economies,
Joint Knowledge Event on Managing Natural Capital to Ensure Food, Energy, and Water Security Nay Pyi Taw, Myanmar 25 March 2014 Opening remarks by Javed H. Mir, Director of Environment, Natural Resources,
Key Themes in Environmental Science Case Study: Shrimp, Mangroves, and Pickup Trucks This case study highlights the plight of a small farmer in Thailand in the shrimp farming business. He makes his living
Newsletter- Special Indonesia What is Handline Tuna Fishing? fishing-living.org Indonesia is the largest tuna-producing country in the world, contributing over 15% of global tuna production. In Indonesia,
Final Report: Lessons from the US Coral Triangle Initiative Support Program Photo Credit: Patrick Christie Patrick Christie, Ph.D., Team Leader, University of Washington School of Marine and Environmental