2 Marks : One mark one question. Two marks one question. Ten marks one question. Five marks one question. Maximum = 18.
3 TOPICS STUDIED: 1. Meaning and Definition of Capital Market. 2. Need and importance of Capital Market and Money Market. 3. Differences between capital Market and Money Market 4. Primary and Secondary Market (concept)
4 Stock Exchange: 1. Meaning and Definition. 2. Functions and Merits 3. Dealers in Stock Exchange- Jobbers and Broker. 4. Speculators- Bull, Bear, Lame Duck and Stag.
5 5. OTCEI- Meaning only. 6. NSE- Meaning only 7. SEBI- Meaning, objectives and functions. 8. De- materialisation of Shares and Debentures:
6 FINANCE MARKET CAPITAL MARKET MONEY MARKET PRIMARY CAPITAL MARKET SECONDARY CAPITAL MARKET
7 CAPITAL MARKET: In this concept 1or2marks questions will appear Capital Market is the market, which provides the fund for long term. It is the market, which deals in shares, debentures and bonds.
8 PRIMARY MARKET: It is a type of capital market from which the business undertakings collect their long term and medium term funds through the new issue of shares. Secondary market: It is a type of capital market which helps to purchase And sell shares and debentures already issued. (It is nothing but stock Exchange)
9 MONEY MARKET In this topic 1 or 2 marks questions will appear It is the system of Borrowing and lending of funds by Business undertakings for meeting short-term t requirements. It is the mechanism of borrowing and lending of funds for working Capital requirements.
10 Differences between Capital market and Money market (For 2 marks) Capital market Money market It deals in medium It deals in short term and long term term funds term funds. It arranges a large It arranges a small amount of funds amount of fund
11 The fund is The fund is required for required for investing on investing on fixed assets. working capital The rate of The rate of Interest interest is low is high
12 STOCK EXCHANGE: ( 1 OR 2 MARKS) Meaning: It is the place where shares and debentures of company and securities of government are bought and sold under the prescribed rules and regulations.
13 Definition: ( 1 or 2 marks ) Stock Exchange can be defined as a voluntary association of dealers, which provides platform or place for them purchase and sale of shares and securities.
15 FUNCTIONS OF STOCK EXCHANGE: OR ADVANTAGES OR IMPORTANCE: 1.Channel for Investment: A Stock Exchange provides a (10 M) channel for investment. The day to day information given by the stock Exchange helps the investors.
16 2. Determination of Prices: Stock Exchange provides ready and continuous market. This feature helps to determine the prices of various securities. 16
17 Further the day to day prices of shares and securities are published in newspaper and also brought to the notice of the people p through different media. This also helps the people to determine the price very quickly.
18 3. Equalisation of Prices of Securities: Stock Exchange helps to equalize the prices of securities in different stock market. If shares of a company are being sold for higher prices in a Stock Exchange, the dealers can purchase shares from the other stock exchange and sell the shares till the prices are normalised.
19 4. Formation of Capital: A Stock Exchange induces people to save their earnings 5. Provides Ready and Continuous market: Stock Exchange provides a ready market for the purchase and sale of securities.
20 6.Regulation of management of company: Every listed company has to follow the strict rules and regulations of stock Exchange. 7. Mobilisation of Savings: A Stock Exchange mobilises the small savings of the people. 20
21 8. Economic Barometer: It indicates the economic conditions of a country. 9. Helping Government to rise the fund: Stock Exchange helps the government to rise the funds from the investors through the issue of bonds.
22 10.Providing Facility for Speculation: Stock Exchange provide facilities for speculation.
23 Members of Stock Exchange: ( 2 Marks) 1. JOBBER: A Jobber is a member in a Stock Exchange who acts in his own name. He purchases and sell securities in his own name either from another jobber or broker.
24 2. BROKER : A broker is a member of Stock Exchange who purchase or sells securities not in his own name but on the behalf of jobbers.
25 SPECULATION ( 10 Marks) It is an activity involving buying and selling of shares and securities at two different times for different prices in order to earn profit.
26 Speculators are those who purchase or sell the shares or securities without the transfer of shares or securities and make profit from the anticipated changes in the prices. They neither take nor give the actual securities.
27 TYPES OF SPECULATORS: BULL: A bull is a speculator who expects a rise in prices of securities. He is called Tejiwala in the Bombay Stock Exchange. He purchases securities at a lower price in order to sell them in future at a higher price.
28 BEAR: A bear is a speculator who expects a fall in prices of securities. He is called Mandiwala in the Bombay Stock Exchange.
29 BULL BEAR
30 LAME DUCK: A lame duck is a bear speculator who has agreed to sell certain securities on a particular date at a specific price but finds it difficult to supply the securities on the settlement date.
31 STAG: A Stag is speculator who applies for a new issue of securities with the main aim of selling them at a profit after the allotment of securities.
32 Over The Counter Exchange of India: (OTCEI): ( 2 Marks ) It is a national ringless and computerised Stock Exchange established by public sector banks, public financial institutions and mutual funds to help both investors and medium sized companies.
33 National Stock Exchange:(NSE) (1 Mark) It was established on 27 th November 1992 as a company by IDBI, LIC, ICICI,UTI SBI, GIC and other Indian financial institutions at Mumbai.
34 Securities and Exchange Board of India:(SEBI) ( 10 Marks) Securities and Exchange Board of India(SEBI) is the regulator of stock markets and watchdog of Indian securities and stock markets. It was established on 12th April 1988.
35 Functions of SEBI: 1. Regulating the activities iti of stock markets: 2. Registration and Regulation of working of Stock Brokers: 3. Registering and Regulating Mutual funds:
36 4. Promoting Investors Education and training: 5. Regulating Substantial Acquisition of shares:
37 6. Prohibiting Unfair Trade Practices: 7. Prohibiting Insiders Trading: 8. Conducting Research Activities: 9. Performing other works:
38 Dematerialization or Demat: ( 1 or 2 Marks) Demat is a system of converting physical forms of share certificates and debentures certificates into electronic forms in the demat accounts.
39 Stock Exchanges in India: (Practical Section : 5 Marks) Write any 5 or 10 stock exchanges in India 1. Stock Exchange, Mumbai, 2. Calcutta Stock Exchange Association Ltd. Kolkata. 3. Chennai, Stock Exchange Ltd. Chennai.
40 4. The Stock Exchange, Ahmadabad. 5. The Delhi stock Exchange, association ltd. New Delhi 6. Madhya pradesh stock exchange Indore
42 10. The Uttar Pradesh stock exchange association limited Kanpur. 11. Pune Stock Exchange Association Ltd. Pune. 12. The Ludhiana Stock Exchange association Ltd. Ludhiana. 13. The Guwahati Stock Exchange association Ltd. Guwahati.
45 19. Meerut Stock exchange Ltd Meerut 20. Over the counter exchange of India (OTCEI) 21. National Stock exchange of India.(NSEI)
46 Questions carrying ONE Mark
47 1.What is the name of the market which provides short term finance? Answer: Money Market
48 2.Write the name of the market which provides long term finance? Answer: Capital Market
49 3. Write any one type of speculator. Answer: Bull/ Bear/ Lame duck/ Stag
50 4. What does a Bear expect in the stock market? Answer: Fall In price of securities
51 5. What does a Bull expect in the stock market? Answer: Rise in the price of securities
52 6. Expand OTCEI. Answer: Over The Counter Exchange Of India.
53 7. Expand SEBI. Answer: Securities and Exchange Board of India.
54 8. Expand NSE. Answer: National Stock exchange.
55 9. Expand De-mat Answer: Dematerialisation
56 10. Mention any one of the dealers in the stock exchange Answer: Jobber or Broker
57 10 Marks Questions: 1) Explain briefly the functions of stock Exchange or merits of stock exchange or importance of stock exchange. 2) Who is a speculator? Explain the different types of Speculators.
58 3) Explain briefly the functions of Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).
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