European Territorial Management Information Infrastructure

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1 European Territorial Management Information Infrastructure Accompanying measure to support the setting up of a European Territorial Management Information Infrastructure Report of the French meeting on reference data Paris, 20th January 2000 Report Coordinated by GISFORM: Palazzo Ducale di Colorno, Piazza Garibaldi 23, I Colorno (Parma) Tel: Fax: Partners: AFIGEO, AGILE, CNIG, EuroGeographics, EUROGI, GEOBASE, Geoinfo, GERE, GISFORM, JRC, OGCE, SICAD

2 The Information Society Governmental Program launched by the French government in 1997 planned complementary studies on critical points like access to public data. Two of those were conducted in 1999 and the final reports published in October. The Mandelkern report on Internet and the public data dissemination and the Lengagne report on the geographic information evolutions and their consequences on IGN are now available. Both together propose a new definition of reference data and define rules for access, pricing and public-private partnership. The goal pursued by AFIGéO in organisation of a public debate on the proposals of the two reports is to give an input to the governmental decision process and, in parallel, to give a French view on the definition of reference data for the European debate in. 100 participants attended the workshop held on 20 January 2000 at the Maison de la Mutualité in Paris. The participants are representative of the complete GI landscape with people from central government, local government, software industry, value added companies, utilities, mapmakers, consultants and a member of the French parliament. The next step will occur on 19 April with a debate on European cadastral issues and the best way to constitute a pan-european layer for land ownership. INTRODUCTION TO THE DAY Mr J. Berthier, Chairman of AFIGEO, recalled the two reasons behind organization of this day event: publication in of the Lengagne and Mandelkern reports, and the launch of the European project. Working groups were set up for further action on proposals made in the two reports cited. It therefore appeared desirable to bring together professionals from the sector to contribute to the debate within government administrative departments. Moreover, AFIGEO has been chosen as a partner to the European project and, in that capacity, has been mandated to gather opinions from the French geographical information community on the various themes of the project. There is no lack of subjects for debate, beginning with the simple definition of the term "reference data". I. A European debate The notion of "reference" or "basic" data is based on numerous Commission documents. Document GI 2000 "Vers une politique européenne de l'information géographique" (towards a European policy for geographical information) proposes stimulation of the creation of "basic data". It states that the "main obstacle to development of the geographical information market is the absence of basic, uniform European data", basic data being that "required by the majority of applications". Document GI 2000 continues this theme: A large part of the cartographic data produced by national cartographic institutions from among other sources is basic data. These definitions are, finally, very close to those for "reference data" in the Lengagne report. Page 2 of 20

3 II. A new French policy on public data In, another notion is introduced, very important for the debate on public data, that of "essential data". The Prime Minister indicated for the first time in his speech in 1997 on the "information society" that "essential data" should be disseminated free on the Internet, essential data being that which would allow every citizen to respect the principle that "no one may be ignorant of the law". Where our area is concerned, land registry data, determining rights of ownership, should clearly have the status of essential data. For much of the remaining reference data, however, the appropriateness of the "essential" status is not so evident. There is therefore a need for a precise census of the essential data in our area of activity. Regarding the question of availability, the March 1998 Circular from the Prime Minister stipulates that publishers in the public domain "cannot forbid access to the raw data they possess by private publishers". The notion of reference data was defined for the first time in the AFIGEO white paper published in May Reference data are defined as: all of the information allowing a given user to associate data from different origins and to locate his/her own information in space. Such data is not specific to any particular application and must, in fact, be common to the widest number of applications. III. Quality, a notion consubstantial to that of reference data All of these progressive efforts in regulatory texts to define the content of reference data must not overlook the notion of data quality, a notion based on accuracy of data and its frequency of updating. Seen from this angle, reference data is not only data locating objects, but also data labelled by the body responsible for its production. On the other hand, it is legitimate for obvious reasons of clarity in breakdown of responsibilities to impose certain minimum conditions on users of reference data: for example, citing of source and most recent update. THE ETEMII PROJECT Mr Yves Reginster, a geographical information technology consultant and coordinator of, recalls that this project, created in March 1999, forms part of the European "Technologies for the Information Society" research and development program. The general objective is the implementation of a European policy on geographical information fitting with national policies. It is carried out in partnership with a European consortium. The first objective is to organize a network of users, providers and researchers. The intention is to create a forum for debate in which common orientations can be defined and from which consensus on technical problems can emerge: basic data, access to data via meta-data, standards, inter-operability, etc. Another objective is to build links, in Europe and internationally, with other policies, especially regarding earth observation, satellite positioning systems and telecom policies. More generally, s mission is to provide support to European policies. Work centres around analysis of users' needs in the following major areas: basic data, meta-data, standards, and inter-operability. Page 3 of 20

4 For basic data, based on the observation that neither public authorities nor the private sector are ready to invest in a new set of pan-european data, existing data must be censused in the various countries, and the lowest common denominator then found for each level of accuracy. Where meta-data is concerned, there is the major problem of semantics. No one doubts that work is necessary on this point with the organizations in charge of producing the thesauruses: finding an item of information implies being able to express one's need and therefore use of appropriate wording. Regarding standards, the most important observation here is that they are too complex and costly to implement. Objectives of simplicity and user-friendliness are essential; the major standards organizations (e.g. ISO, CEN, etc.) need to be convinced of this Finally, systems must communicate: this does not mean creating new standards but making standards inter-operable. I. Political will DEBATE The debate opened with the observation that there is a lack of awareness on the part of European governments as to the problems of geographical information and with the observation that, as no European state has a ministry for geographical information, the sector comes, in some cases, under the Ministry of Industry, in others under the Ministry for Economy or even the Ministry of Defence. This renders the decision-making process in Europe very complex and does not facilitate rapid implementation of solutions. In any case, we must not hesitate to proceed via national, political or administrative bodies. II. The role of European institutions European coordination is necessary. For certain participants, Europe must, above all, assist with inter-operability of national data prior to adopting a position itself as data provider or manager. Mr Y. Reginster indicated that two types of organization are currently being studied: One is based on the EUROSTAT model in place for the statistics sector. In this case, the European system would be fed by national systems; The other model consists in entrusting the creation and management to service providers, private or public, chosen by call for tender. Mr Reginster recalled that, in relation to the first type of organization, a European regulation obliges all of the European national statistics bodies to provide data to EUROSTAT. This institution plays the role of leader in standardizing and homogenizing the mass of information. Moreover, EUROSTAT also runs GISCO, the European body managing existing geographical data for the Commission. Very recently, the Commission created a committee, the COGI, responsible for making proposals on these questions. Finally, representatives of all of the management structures of geographical information users met in November 1999 to hone their thinking: should each country be called on to obtain this data in an institutionalised manner in accordance with the EUROSTAT model, or should management of the European funds be entrusted Page 4 of 20

5 to a company selected by international call for tender to which private companies as well as MEGRIN could respond? The Italian example, explained in session, met with much interest. The similarity between the position of Europe to its countries and that of the Italian state to its regions is very striking and the idea of a lightweight European organization, operating on the same principle as the Italian coordination committee for geographical information, is very attractive. Other striking similarities between the Italian and French approaches, mentioned when discussing the Lengagne report, are the priority given to the large scale which, in both countries, forms a basis for demand for geographical information, and the necessity of progressing quickly in setting up a system for reference data over the entire national territory. III. Coherence between European approaches Mr Reginster confirmed that the objective of inter-operability is essential to the Project. He quotes the striking example of two areas: environment and geological data, for which internal operability exists but which cannot communicate. There is a project for a monitoring body for inter-operability and measurement of technical convergence; this will provide a basis for recommendations. Regarding the problem of reference systems and European projections, Mr Claude Luzet emphasized that there was unanimous agreement on adoption of the ETRS 89, in the form of the RRF in, as geodesic system. Conversely, it is almost impossible to define a projection at the European level able to satisfy all needs there would be too many distortions. Working in digital mode makes the idea of a European projection outmoded. THE MANDELKERN REPORT Mr Bertrand du Marais, maître des requêtes au conseil d'état (controller of requests to the Council of State) and rapporteur for the working group chaired by Mr Mandelkern, stipulated that the report entitled: Diffusion des données publiques et révolution numérique (dissemination of public data and the digital revolution) from the Commissariat général du Plan (general commissariat for planning), contained in a more general study requested by the Prime Minister, covers the study of the effects of the Internet and Intranet on administrative bodies. The report covers the general problem of public data, defined as information collected by administrative bodies or public services, as part of their mission, and financed by public authorities. The first proposal is the obligation to place public basic-data "on line" or on digital medium. The aim is to forbid restriction of access and, above all, to radically increase the amount of public data made available to citizens, and to value-added industrial concerns. Everyone has criticized the dearth of public data on Internet whereas public authorities have considerable amounts of data and information. The perspectives for progress are enormous and are essential for the data transformation sector and value added industry. The report then proposes distinguishing between "public institutional disseminators" whose very existence cannot be conceived without an effort on dissemination (for example, IGN and Météo ) and other producers of public data, i.e. any other Page 5 of 20

6 administrative body that is a source of collected data. For the first category, great freedom of organization and pricing of dissemination is planned, whereas the others would be subject to an obligation on partnership with the private sector for dissemination and extraction of value from data, this being remunerated at the technical cost of placing on line or provision, and at the cost of data transformation and digitising Instruments are prescribed to encourage a dynamic for development with, in particular, the setting up of a tripartite regulating commission and a joint arbitration committee. Finally, essential data and especially, but not only, legal data must be censused in each sector. However, it should be noted that this concept is, of necessity, evolving and that, more generally, technological developments as well as general public and professional use are complex to analyse and difficult to foresee. DEBATE During the debate, Mr Bertrand du Marais gave the definition of "institutional public disseminators". These are "bodies producing public data and which, by virtue of their governing texts, are organized precisely with a view to its dissemination or to which the texts assign, as their main mission, the dissemination of data produced by other administrative bodies". More generally, regarding the organization of the sector, Mr du Marais stipulated that several conceptual constructs are "in the air" and are progressing cautiously, especially the possibility of liberalization of the market along the lines of the civil aviation, telecom and electricity markets. However, the obligation to place-on-line introduces, of itself, a new element of transparency and regulation of institutional disseminators: refusal of access implies that technical justifications must be provided. Similarly, access under conditions that are clearly abusive and inapplicable (especially prices) would counter the obligation to place on line. In other words, beyond the right of competition, another possible element of tariff control is introduced, simply in the area of access. Mr Reginster also alluded to the American example: at the federal level, dissemination is free and the data processing sector is highly developed. That all of these data are made available for free is the result of an economic dynamic. Another example, going against the profit strategy, is that of the Portuguese CNIG which has put aerial photographic coverage of the entire country on line for free. In England and in the Netherlands, private companies have invested equity capital for creation of aerial coverage and for sales of the photographs. These examples illustrate the necessity of minimum regulation of this type of market to correctly position public and private players. Mr Bertrand du Marais emphasized that highly regulated markets with dominant operators do not favour private competitors but rather foreign ones. For example, in the area of civil aviation, the company providing the second most extensive service in is British Airways and, in the area of publishing, two or three Dutch, English and American companies handle three-quarters of legal publications in. Opening up a market entails risk, but is the risk of maintaining a closed market not even greater? Page 6 of 20

7 Mr Reginster added that laws were not enough. Producers of information often have a natural propensity to retain information, whether for reasons of professional pride or because possession of information is seen as a form of power. In Finland, for example, the law obliges the meteorological office to provide data to private companies. The idea of financial gain being made from the data so upset staff at the office that they introduced errors into it! Finally, Mr Jean Berthier returned to the debate on the possible creation of a European body responsible for geographical information. This eventuality seemed unsatisfactory to Mr Berthier, especially as the problems of updating data are considerable and can only be resolved at the base. The principle of subsidiarity must be applied. In itself, there is a need to organize subsidiarity, linking central bodies to municipalities, to urban communities and to departments. An organization on the Italian model, with codifying of rules allowing homogeneous solutions from one point to another of the European territory appeared preferable to him. Mr JC Lummaux confirmed this point of view but was of the opinion that a common "European tier" should be constituted. THE LENGAGNE REPORT Mr Jean-Claude Lummaux, Secretary of the CNIG and AFIGEO, recalled the general framework of the Lengagne report: redefinition of the missions of the IGN in accordance with needs of users and in the light of international comparison (Great Britain, Sweden and Germany). A first set of proposals relates to the necessity of constituting a public reference before The aim is to provide permanently updated, coherent information at the large scale providing an objective description of the territory. Furthermore, this basic information is to be able to circulate easily, and to be understood, processed and combined by everyone. The minimum requirement is the setting up of a system of common coordinates and, eventually, an accurate real-time satellite positioning system. Descriptive information would then be added to this core, most often used by people who are not professional users of geographical information: physical description of territory, administrative limits, statistic zones, and land-registry information. Regarding this last point, already debated, a desirable purpose would be to make the landregister plan coherent with other reference elements, particularly by its geometric interpretation, its vectorization, and by making relations between the IGN and Land Register contractual, in order to avoid redundancy in their respective activities. The problem of setting up a true address reference system is covered and the report proposes that, initially, the CNIG should be in charge of the preparatory studies. Regarding the strategic positioning of the IGN, the Lengagne report proposes some main principles for use of subsidies: commercially profitable products cannot be subsidized. On the other hand, a subsidy covered by the principle of homogeneous coverage of the territory may be granted for products that are not commercially profitable. Moreover, pricing would be based on the cost of updating of information and the IGN would not be able to refuse access to maps by users wishing to make more maps or to generate added value. Dissemination of applications is favoured for users by suitable prices and, in particular, by a sliding scale based on the number of workstations using the information. Page 7 of 20

8 Finally, the rules on competition applying to any body, public or private, must be respected. DEBATE I. The problem of updating by the IGN of the built-surface information layer Although the competence of the IGN in providing the geometric interpretation of the land register plan was recognized, several participants were dubious as to its ability to fulfil its new role of updating the built-surface information layer. This major redeployment of missions and resources does not take sufficient account of existing strengths: the Land Register, from which this mission is withdrawn, has far more resources than the IGN. Mr Jean-Claude Lummaux recalled that these institutional developments form part of a long-term perspective. The report stipulates that the IGN must re-deploy territorially, as permanent updating can only be done on the basis of the photogrammetric techniques serving to construct the initial base. Other techniques should be introduced. And finally, some of the Land Register's activities are not carried out in an ideal manner: around 250,000 sheets of the land register plan do not have geographical references at present. A breakdown of tasks is necessary and the proposals aim precisely to make the IGN more rapid and less centralized, and to release the resources required to improve the land register plan. Furthermore, the situation is clearly favourable to consideration of an organized and structured demand: the opinions of the CNIG have gained in weight. II. The problem of tariffs The question of tariffs cannot be overlooked. Speaking of "reference data" automatically implies financial intervention by the public authorities, as most reference data cannot be self-financing. Now, intervention by the public authorities implies strict adherence to the principle of fair competition on tariffs and transparency in the distribution of costs between the budget and the user. Meanness of the states is too easily invoked. The actual need for arbitration is between the taxpayer and users. On this point, Mr Jean Berthier, stated that all forms of sectarianism must be avoided if the basic objective the effective existence of reference data is to be attained. Mr Jean-Claude Lummaux added that the principle for tariffs adopted in the Lengagne report stems directly from the choice of information infrastructure. A database is maintained and products with a value of all sorts derive from it: conventional paper maps, CD ROMS with images of the territory, vectoral databases and also various associations of the information contained in the base. All of these elements contribute to financing. Some costs depend on the efficiency of the body and imply the introduction of adequate measuring tools. Others depend on the initial basic specifications and their update. However, in spite of the complexity of this consideration, the principles adopted allow definition of more suitable tariffs. In addition, a new organization would make a great contribution to improving overall efficiency of the mechanism and therefore affect tariffs. Finally, the principle of subsidizing territorial areas rather than products is more in keeping with the law and with the Treaty of Rome. Territorial areas can be subsidized within the framework of spatial and infrastructure development planning. Page 8 of 20

9 III. "Soft" regulation The expression of public demand must be valued: "the user ministries must organize to reach a common expression of demand which could serve as a starting point for definition of IGN products, or complementary common control of public users". However, the report stipulates that no creation of any additional institution is envisaged. On the other hand, setting up of a public user group is planned, a potential forum for expression and possible negotiation of the needs of public users, under the common aegis of the CNIG and inter-ministerial delegation for state reform in short, a "soft" form of regulation. IV. The market for geographical information technology The economic impacts of the Lengagne proposals on the French geographical information technology sector have not been the subject of a specific study. On the other hand, at the European level, a study made by the AFIGEO in 1997 showed the positive influence of the existence of a reference system for the entire territory: the level of growth of geographical information technology is per cent for countries with large-scale reference systems, against 15 per cent in those which, like, do not have such a system yet. The example of Quebec, evoked by G Pouliot gives a new perspective: democratisation of the market. Geographical information technology was, initially, a specialist (and therefore very "vertical") activity, but access to it is becoming "democratised". Decision-makers especially are a new category of users. In addition, efforts are being made on training and, for their part; the public authorities are making efforts to generate employment and expertise within companies. I. Survey results ROUNDTABLE ON USERS' NEEDS Mr Yves Riallant, heading the CNIG working groups on the French market, carried out a survey of users to attempt to identify the most urgent needs. It appears that, in order of importance, the strongest demands relate to: water courses; boundaries of municipalities and departments; major and minor roads and railways; and then land use aspects such as extent of water bodies, forests, water and orchards. For monitoring of the CAP, information on areas under vegetation and scrubland are precious, especially for those involved in spatial and infrastructure planning. Furthermore, the idea of a standard for exchanges is a popular request. If the activity is to achieve true professionalism establishing of such a standard will be necessary to prevent unstable information exchanges. On the practical level, users want, within three years, on-line provision at a reasonable price of a minimum map base, refreshed every six months and enriched with standardized and geocoded addresses to serve as support for professional applications. Information serving simply as a decorative background would not be satisfactory, users want not just a simple representation of an area but one of areas with a layered structure providing more than just the possibility of locating objects of professional interest in a geolocalized area. Page 9 of 20

10 II. The needs of local area authorities Mr Dominique Caillaud, Member of Parliament for the Vendée region, emphasized the necessity for the state and its local area authorities to define the lowest common denominator for both the rural and urban sectors. He observed that, in, there is an unfortunate tendency to impose what was planned for built-up areas onto rural ones, whereas the resources and logic are not the same. The priority is therefore to establish a basic plan to which the various sectors and professions can add additional layers of information. Furthermore, popularisation of geographical information systems (GIS) has been neglected. Users and elected representatives must grasp the advantages of systems. This is an extraordinary tool and, properly presented, easily wins over those entrusted with territorial management. In all departments where an awareness-raising approach has been adopted targeting elected representatives, the financial problems have been resolved and considerable progress has been made. III. The needs of rural areas Mr Marc Fily, employed by the Direction Départementale d Agriculture des Hautes- Pyrénées (agricultural department for Hautes-Pyrénées), remarked that the new steering law on agriculture, on "contrats territoriaux d exploitation" (territorial contracts for exploitation) has revealed new needs for specifications: these contracts imply resolution down to the level of the individual plot of land and require the power to detect, by means of images, defects in maintaining of the landscape. The image is no longer just a map base; it is a source of information. Furthermore, at the institutional level, it is very difficult to create partnerships at the departmental level with local authority bodies, or even with other state partners. The CDIGs, in particular, do not play their role: energy flags and the Land Register, supposed to lead this group, does so unwillingly. The question of leadership on coherence among public stakeholders at the departmental level is raised as a general consideration Mr Yves Lassaigne, on the basis of the experience of the CRIG of the PACA region, confirmed the importance of this cooperation and the relationship between departmental and communal levels, on the one hand and the regional level on the other. IV. The needs of professionals Mr Alain Gaudet, speaking for the Ordre des Géomètres (Order of Surveyors), deemed that the quality of the basic background is essential for the profession. The accuracy and quality of the projection system are also of prime importance. He reminded the meeting that the Order of Surveyors represents the only professionals able to fix disputed property boundaries. The law thus requires storage of data concerning marked-out plots. Each member of the profession feeds a database containing the landregister sections, the plot numbers and other information. The Order now wishes to open this base to the public via Internet, to allow private individuals wishing to buy plots to locate the surveyor who marked them out. Page 10 of 20

11 V. The needs of companies Mr Yves Riallant, employed by Lyonnaise des Eaux (LdE), recalled that the LdE Group had to set up a GIS for the first time in 1987 for operation of the sewerage system in the southern part of Paris. It was necessary to go beyond just a geographical representation, to produce a water management tool. Henceforth, professionals wish to find links with their professional concerns in these systems: closure of valves, location of connected customers, location of pollution in a gully, etc. However, the map base remains essential. VI. Horizon 2005 The main target date in the Lengagne report (2005) raises numerous points of discussions. For some this is realistic but ambitious, for others it is too far away if the international dynamics of the geographic information sector are taken into account. Mr Dominique Caillaud stated that he believed that it is necessary, within one year, to establish a work plan common to both the public and private sectors. He hoped that the working groups stemming from the Lengagne mission would not be motivated by a spirit of "vertical" administrative protection on the part of one ministry in relation to another, but rather by the desire to work with local stakeholders to push forward quickly. Thinking should be "horizontal" associating people with different types of experience, urban, rural, administrative, and both national and local players should save two or three years. A clear and coherent message is needed in this area, and one that is not called into question at each change of government, minister or president. CONCLUSION In conclusion, Mr Christian Chenez recalled that the five working groups were responsible for defining the further actions regarding the Lengagne report proposals: their conclusions are awaited soon. Without precluding these conclusions, he recalled that the ministry is in favour of making public geographical information as widely available as possible, being careful, however, to preserve a suitable balance between public bodies and the private bodies in the sector. For Mr Jean Berthier, the day was rich in information and essential perspectives for the future of geographical information. In particular, he noted that most of the participants were looking, initially, to the public authorities for a strict application of existing texts, especially in the area of competition. Furthermore, a wide consensus seems to have emerged as to the reference data system as defined in the Lengagne report. Over and above that of built-surface information, there seems to be no major obstacle to its implementation. On the other hand, a very real problem of dialogue with elected representatives seems to persist: the activity of production of geographical data via GIS implies the search for new balances between central and local public authorities. For Mr Berthier, the CNIG seems to be the most suitable body to direct this debate. Page 11 of 20

12 LIST OF PARTICIPANTS ARIF Jean-Paul MATRA SYSTEMES ET INFORMATION 6 rue DEWOITINE F VELIZY BARRY Alain BARTHOUX Jean-louis DDE CHARENTE-MARITIME 5 rue de la cloche F LA ROCHELLE CEDEX BAUDOT Olivier Association des Ingénieurs des Villes de 20 rue du LAC F LYON 3eme BERCK Emmanuel NETWORK MANAGEMENT GROUP 264 rue Garibaldi F LYON BERNARD Michel COGITIS 2 rue Edmond LAUTARD F MONTPELLIER BERTHIER Jean Association Française pour l'information Géographique 136 bis ru ede Grenelle F PARIS 07SP BERTRAND Georges URBATIQUE SARL 35 rue du bois des Joncs Marins F FONTENAY-SOUS-BOIS BILLOT Philippe Atelier Parisien d'urbanisme - SIP 9 rue Agrippa d'aubigné F PARIS BILLOTEY Pierre Institut Géographique National 2 avenue Pasteur F SAINT-MANDE BLEUZET Eric BOUCHER Claude Ministère de l'education National Recherche et Technologie 1 rue Descartes F PARIS BOUILLOT Michel Conseil Général de la Seine Saint-Denis F BOBIGNY CEDEX Page 12 of 20 BOYER Stéphane

13 BURY Christophe Conseil Régional Nord-Pas-de-Calais F LILLE CEDEX BUTHAUD Hervé CNES - DPI / EOT 2 place Maurice Quentin F PARIS CEDEX 01 CAILLAUD Dominique Mairie de Saint-Florent des Bois 29 rue de la Bruyère F LA ROCHE S/YON CARABIN Gilles COMMUNAUTE URBAINE DE STRASBOURG 1 place de l'etoile F STRASBOURG CEDEX CHAILLOU Françoise Ecole d'architecture de NANTES - Laboratoire CERMA rue MASSENET F NANTES CHARTIER Alain Conseil Régional Provence-Alpes-Côte d'azur 27, place Jules Guesde F MARSEILLE CEDEX 20 CHATAIN Martine CERTU 9 rue Juliette RECAMIER F LYON CHENEZ Christian Ministère de l'equipement des Transports et du Logement Tour Pascal B F LA DEFENSE CEDEX 04 CHERY Jean-Pierre CEMAGREF - ENGREF ( UMR 3S ) 500 rue Jean François Breton F MONTPELLIER CEDEX 5 CHRETIEN Jean-Pierre CLERC Philippe Ministère de l'education National Recherche et Technologie 1 rue Descartes F PARIS COUDERCY Laurent DIREN CENTRE 5 avenue BUFFON F ORLEANS CURCI Gérard Minstère de l'equipement Tour Pascal B F LA DEFENSE DALAINES Bruno Association des Ingénieurs des Villes de 20 rue du LAC F LYON 3eme Page 13 of 20

14 DE BLOMAC Françoise SIG LA LETTRE 28 rue Boris VILDE F FONTENAY-AUX-ROSES DEBORD Michel TELEPARC - CCI du gers place Jean-David F AUCH De LA TOUR GISFORM I - Italy DELERBA Denis Mairie de Nice - SIG rue de l'hotel de Ville F NICE CEDEX 4 DEMEURE Nadine Ville D'ORLEANS place de l'etape F ORLEANS Cedex DEVERS José CETE MEDITERRANEE F AIX EN PROVENCE CEDEX 3 DI BELLO Luigi GISFORM I - Italy DI SALVO Magali CETE Nord-Picardie 2 rue de bruxelles F LILLE DORAIL Dominique LA POSTE - Direction de la Stratégie 4 quai du point du jour - C 506 F BOULOGNE-BILLANCOURT DU MARAIS Bertarnd Commissariat Général au Plan 18 rue de Martignac F PARIS DUPE Alain Association des Ingénieurs des Villes de 20 rue du LAC F LYON 3eme DUPONT Stéphane SPOT IMAGE 5 rue des satellites F TOULOUSE cedex DUQUESNOY Thierry CFDT-IGN 2 avenue Pasteur F SAINT-MANDE ECOBICHON Claude Page 14 of 20

15 ENTRAYGUES Dominique Manufacture Française du Pneumatique MICHELIN 46 avenue de Breteuil F PARIS pas de mail FANTUZZI Anne Ordre des Géomètres Experts 40 avenue hoche F PARIS FERNANDEZ PEREZ de TALENS Antonio C.N.R 7 v. p. SAVI I PISA Italy FOURCIN Lucie Association Française pour l'information Géographique 136 bis ru ede Grenelle F PARIS 07SP FILY Marc DDAF - Hautes Pyrénées cité administrative REFFLYE F TARBES FOURNILLIER Jean-Marie COMMUNAUTE URBAINE DE LYON 20 rue du lac F LYON FULLERTON Karen JRC TP 441 I ISPRA ITALY GALLOIS François Institut Géographique National 2 avenue Pasteur F SAINT-MANDE GAUBERT Jacques TELAL 4 allée des Bartavelles F LA CIOTAT GAUDET Alain Ordre des Géomètres Experts 40 avenue hoche F PARIS GAURON Jacques Institut Atlantique Aménagement des Territoires Avenue du Téléport 4 F FUTUROSCOPE CEDEX GIBLIN Jean-Pierre GILBERT Bertrand SAFEGE rue du port F NANTERRE GONIN Michel Page 15 of 20

16 GUEDU Philippe Conseil Régional Provence-Alpes-Côte d'azur 27, place Jules Guesde F MARSEILLE CEDEX 20 HALTER Didier Conseil National de l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP HEBRARD Jean-Philippe Federation National des Sociétes d'aménagement Foncières et d'etablissement Rural 3 rue de Turin F PARIS HENRISSART Marc COMMUNAUTE URBAINE DE LYON 20 rue du lac F LYON HIRSCHFELD Alain SPOT IMAGE 5 rue des satellites F TOULOUSE cedex JAUME Paul HORTEFEUX Christiane Conseil National de l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP JUNG Francis EDF GDF Services place Marcel PAUL F NANTERRE KHOBZY Jack Ministère de l'equipement / SETRA 46 avenue Aristide BRIAND F BAGNEUX - CEDEX LAGARDERE Jacques Conseil National de l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP LAGORE Benôit CEGETEL S.I 19 A rue de CHATILLON F RENNES LAMOURE Jacques APIC SA 113 avenue Aristide BRIAND F ARCUEIL LASSAIGNE Yves D R E PACA 37 boulevard Perier F MARSEILLE LASSERRE Lucette Ministère de l'equipement / SETRA 46 avenue Aristide BRIAND F BAGNEUX - CEDEX Page 16 of 20

17 LEANDRI Jean-Jacques Association Française pour l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP LETOUZE Frédéric Ministère de l'agriculture et de la Pêche 19 avenue du MAINE F PARIS CEDEX LIESENFELT Gérard Association Française pour l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP LORE Eric INATER 2 bis allée N.LEBLANC F VANNES LOUBIER Nicolas BENTLEY-SYSTEMS CNIT F PARIS LA DEFENSE LUMMAUX Jean-Claude Association Française pour l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP LUZET Claude GIE MEGRIN 6-8 Avenue Blaise Pascal F MARNE-LA-VALLEE CEDEX 2 MORSETTI Véronique Observatoire de l'environnement Litorral et Marin Quai Alfred Giard F WIMEREUX MARTINS David Direction Départemental de l'equipement 93 / GEP 36 rue camille FLAMMARION F NOISY LE GRAND MUNIER Philippe SPOT IMAGE 5 rue des satellites F TOULOUSE cedex NICOLLE Christophe Union Amicale des Maires de Vendée 45 Boulevard des Etats Unis F LA ROCHE SUR YON CEDEX PAGANELLI Emmanuelle OFFICE NATIONAL DES FORETS 5 rue Girardet F NANCY CEDEX PALFART Joël PARMENTIER Philippe ANIMATEUR F - Page 17 of 20

18 PECHON Gilles CFDT-IGN 2 avenue Pasteur F SAINT-MANDE PENNORS Eric Générale d'infographie 66 route de sartrouville F LE PECQ PERIER René PERRIN Patricia PEUVOT Lorette PINCON Genevièvre Ministère de la culture et de la communication rue du parc Royal F PARIS POIRAUDEAU Marc Conseil National de l'information Géographique 136 bis rue de Grenelle F PARIS 07SP POPULUS Jacques IFREMER Boîte postale 70 F PLOUZANE POULIOT Gilbert Centre de Développement de la Géomatique / Quebec 900 boulevard René-Lévesque EST bureau 717 GIR 2B5 QUEBEC - Canada Canada PREUX Dominique OFFICE INTERNATIONAL DE L'EAU 15 rue Edouard CHAMBERLAND F LIMOGES CEDEX PRESSENSE Loic Institut Géographique National 2 avenue Pasteur F SAINT-MANDE QUELHAS Yolande Ministère de l'education National Recherche et Technologie 1 rue Descartes F PARIS RASSE Stéphane Géoconcept SA rue de Tolbiac F PARIS cedex 13 REBOUT Cécile TELEPARC - CCI du gers place Jean-David F AUCH Page 18 of 20

19 REGINSTER Yves GERE S.A. BP 50 L-7201 WALFERDANGE Luxembourg REMY Phillippe Service Hydrographique et Océanographique de la Marine 3 avenue Octage Gréard F ARMEES RIALLANT Yves Safège-Suez-Lyonnaise des Eaux-CITIF - 59 avenue Emile Thiébault F LE VESINET RIGAILL Patrick DREIF/DUSD/Mission cartographie 21 rue MIOLLIS F PARIS RODDIER-QUEFELEC Cécile WORLD SYSTEMS EUROPE LIMITED 2 rue Albert BORSCHETTE F - L-1246 Luxembourg-kirchberg Luxembourg ROTH Christine Manufacture Française du Pneumatique MICHELIN 46 avenue de Breteuil F PARIS ROUET Paul Atelier Parisien d'urbanisme - SIP 9 rue Agrippa d'aubigné F PARIS ROUSSELIN Therry Ministere de la defense 16 bis avenue Prieur de la Côte D'OR F ARCUEIL CEDEX ROYNARD Yves Régie Autonome des Transports Parisiens 1 avenue Montaigne F NOISY LE GRAND SCHOULLER Patrick Ministère de l'economie, des Finances et de l'industrie 12 rue Villiot F PARIS CEDEX 02 SELIGMANN Jean-Luc SEURECA SPACE 6 rue Anatole DE LA FORGE F PARIS 17 THURIERE Daniel Ministère de l'equipement des Transports et du Logement Tour Pascal B F LA DEFENSE CEDEX 04 THIEFFRY Thierry Agence de Developpement et d'urbanisme de Lille Métropole 2 place du concert F LILLE TIBERGHEIN Vincent Ingénerie Topographie Route de GACHET F NANTES CEDEX 03 Page 19 of 20

20 YERCHOFF Jean Association des Ingénieurs des Villes de 20 rue du LAC F LYON 3eme Page 20 of 20

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