1 Working towards natural capital accounting and integrated reporting by financial institutions Vicky Beukes, Social and Environmental Risk Manager, Nedbank Chair of NCD Working Group 4: Disclosure & reporting
2 Agenda Natural Capital Declaration and Roadmap Integrated Reporting and natural capital Steps towards accounting for and reporting on natural capital Understanding and disclosing natural capital linked to portfolios NCD Working Group 4 work plan for natural capital disclosure and reporting Q&A
3 Natural capital and financial institutions NC is the stock of ecosystems that yields a renewable flow of goods and services that underpin the economy and provide inputs and benefits to businesses and society (e.g. food, fibre, water, energy, timber, climate security). Companies depend and impact on natural capital through extraction and production. Over-exploitation of natural capital will cause growing price volatility and business constraints across the world economy. Financial institutions are exposed indirectly through loans, investments or insurance. Growing need to address exposure to risks from natural resource constraints and pollution issues embedded in financial products.
4 About the NCD and Roadmap Finance-led, CEO-endorsed initiative to mainstream natural capital in loans, bonds, equities and insurance, as well as accounting & reporting. Focus on the global financial sector: banks, institutional investors, fund managers, insurance firms, who are working alongside supporter organisations. Jointly managed by UNEP FI and Global Canopy Programme Launched at Rio+20 in June financial institution signatories.
5 NCD signatories (October 2013)
6 NCD supporters (October 2013)
7 NCD Roadmap and Business Plan Outline of objectives for implementation Signatory financial institutions are working to understand, embed, account for and report on natural capital factors by Aim to strengthen management of risks and opportunities and increase resilience of financial products (e.g. investments, loans). Developing systematic and structured approaches to address natural resource, pollution and climate change challenges. Working Groups will develop practical guidance, methodologies, tools, frameworks and indicators to build capabilities for signatory financial institutions to implement the NCD commitments.
8 4 working groups for 4 commitments Working Group NCD commitment 1. Understand Build understanding of risks and opportunities linked to impacts and dependencies on natural capital through operations, supply chains and portfolios. 2. Embed Develop methodologies to integrate natural capital considerations into financial products and services 3. Account Develop methodologies to incorporate natural capital into accounting by financial institutions. 4. Disclose/report Develop guidance for natural capital disclosure and reporting using an integrated approach.
9 Governance NCD NCD Steering Committee WG Chairs, Supporters Seek multidisciplinary knowledge and expertise by inviting non-financial organizations to become supporters or join advisory network. Secretariat UNEF FI, GCP NCD Advisory Network Information Providers, GOs, Scientific Community WG I Understanding Impacts/Dependencies Chair: Rabobank WG II Embedding NC in financial products Chair: Banorte WG III Natural capital accounting Chair: National Australia Bank WG IV Natural capital disclosure/reporting Chair: Nedbank Project Manager Global Canopy Programme Project Manager Natural Value Initiative Project Manager KPMG Project Manager CDP
11 Who is the IIRC? Regulators Investors Standard setters Companies Accounting NGOs Chair: Prof Mervyn King CEO: Paul Druckman
12 IIRC PILOT PROGRAMME BUSINESS NETWORK INVESTOR NETWORK
13 The Journey so far... Discussion Paper Prototype Framework Summary of comments Background Papers PP Yearbook Behaviour Change Emerging <IR> Database
14 The Journey so far... and ahead Discussion Paper Prototype Framework 2014 Work Plan Summary of comments Background Papers Pilot Programme Yearbook Behaviour Change Emerging <IR> Database Framework (2013) December 2013 The Framework
15 Value creation process
16 Value creation process
17 The capitals Intellectual capital Financial capital Manufactured capital Social and relationship capital Human capital Natural capital
18 Natural Capital Declaration: bringing natural capital accounting and integrated reporting together A NAB case study Name Surname Rosemary Bissett Business Unit Enterprise Risk Date Month Year 30 October 2013
19 Importance to stakeholders Materiality process Framework for Materiality Uses annual benchmarking, research and a variety of stakeholder feedback mechanisms to refresh and prioritise our CR Issues Map Materiality assessment framework helps prioritise issues based on potential impact on our business and significance to our stakeholders Assessment guides the content of our annual reporting and is an input to current and future strategic planning KPMG ensure our materiality process is robust and independently reviewed High Low Medium High Low Potential impact to business High Environmental impact of our operations Managing exposure to environmental risks Responsiveness to environmental market opportunities Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
20 Our reporting journey 2004 began publishing a stand alone CR Review 2009 better message and data alignment between CR Review and Shareholder Review Asked ourselves why two documents? 2010 first integrated Annual Review, using guidance from PwC and Accounting for Sustainability 2011 joined the IIRC pilot (one of 4 Australian companies) 2013 producing 4 th integrated report and 2 nd in line with draft IIRC guidelines Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
21 Integrated reporting rationale One Report allows us to: illustrate who we are as a company and how culture and CR are a fundamental part of how we do business bring together material information about our business so we can better articulate how we create and sustain value for our stakeholders create a single source of truth helping our shareholders and stakeholders to find the information they require reporting more effectively and efficiently Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
22 Supplemented by Dig Deeper Papers Series of web-based reports providing greater detail in each of our commitment areas. GRI Index Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
23 Our environmental agenda CLIMATE CHANGE (2007) Developing products and services Understanding risks and opportunities Sharing our experience with others Engaging and assisting our people RESOURCE EFFICIENCY (2010) Improving resource efficiency Continuing employee engagement and developing positive environmental behaviours Embedding sustainability into purchasing decisions NATURAL VALUE (2011) Building thought leadership Considering risk and revenue dependencies and hardwiring into business decisions Engaging our people Building product and service responses Developing tools and valuation methodologies One of two inaugural signatories in 2011 Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
24 Our approach. Making External Connections Building our understanding Risk Management Embedding in Operational Decisions Business Change Taking leadership Learning by doing. Operational reporting (GHG Protocol Scope 3 standard) and targets Work with Trucost and others Equator Principles and internal ESG risk reporting Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
25 Reporting practices: from From simple reporting on greenhouse emissions from energy use 2003 Annual Report 2004 Corporate Responsibility Report Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
26 To.. Modelled on PwC s Typico report Insert business unit name Insert presentation title
27 NCD WG 3: Accounting for natural capital Chair: Rosemary Bissett, National Australia Bank Project Manager: KPMG Australia Working Group 3 aims to build capacity for financial institutions to meet the NCD commitment to: Work towards building a global consensus for the integration of Natural Capital into private sector accounting and decision-making; supporting, when appropriate, the related work of the TEEB for Business Coalition, and other stakeholders.
28 Draft work plan for Working Group 3 Current developing implementation plan for Phase 1: Mapping study to identify approaches, techniques, tools and initiatives to account for natural capital in financial statements. 2. Phase 2: Create detailed work plan to develop methodologies to quantify natural capital across portfolios and in financial accounts. 3. Phase 3: Develop and test methods for financial institutions to account for natural capital in reporting. Consultative approach engaging NCD signatories and supporters (E.g., Nedbank, BBVA, Rabobank, ASN Bank, Kenya Commercial Bank, ACCA, TEEB for Business, GRI, WBCSD) and other experts in accounting, portfolio measurement, natural capital and environmental economics.
29 NATURAL CAPITAL ACCOUNTING & REPORTING The challenges to approaching natural capital accounting in financial services products and services Lauren Smart Executive Director Trucost
30 THE LINK BETWEEN NATURAL & FINANCIAL CAPITAL
31 COTTON PRICE % YoY PRETAX PROFIT IMPACT % YoY Cotton Prices & Pre-Tax Profit Impact 150% 130% 110% Cotton price (LHS) % YoY Retailers' pretax profit impact (lagged 18 months; RHS) % YoY 2011 South central and southwest USA drought. Production -13% -130% -110% -90% 90% 70% 2008 Hurricane Gustav and Texan drought. Yield -8% 2010 China s drought. Yield -13% -70% -50% 50% 30% 10% -10% -30% -50% YEAR -30% -10% 10% 30% 50% Source: Trucost analysis; H&M, Gap & Fast Retailing; Factset data
32 FTSE Commodity Exposure Index: Concealed Commodity Risk Figure 1: Sector Ranking on average change in earnings with a 10% increase in commodity prices
33 STARTING POINT: IDENTIFYING MATERIAL RISK AREAS
34 For Financial Institutions Investments are where the risk is
35 IDENTIFY SECTORS/ REGIONS OF EXPOSURE
36 CASE STUDY: LUXURY GOODS COMPANY - RISK WEIGHTING WATER EXPOSURE
37 Natural Capital Cost $mn PROJECT FINANCE Deep Analysis at Project/Investment Level Investment of $xmn in Freeland Cattle Farm in Clarens, Kwazulu Natal, South Africa Integrate regionally specific & business specific analysis Environmentally adjusted IRR Natural Capital Cost per mn$ capital GHG Water Land Use Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Scenario 3
38 Integrated Fundamental Valuation Equity Research True Return on Capital when externalities priced in Project Finance Equity Research
39 PORTFOLIO EXPOSURE TO WATER SCARCITY COSTS Source: Trucost analysis FTSE 350 Commodity Exposure Index
40 LOAN BOOK WATER EXPOSURE Country Analysis
41 REPORTING NATURAL CAPITAL RISK RBS Energy Financing Report
42 Working Group 4: Disclosure/Reporting Chair: Vicky Beukes, Nedbank (South Africa) Project Manager: CDP Working with the NCD Secretariat to develop work plan for Natural Capital Declaration commitment Working Group aims to support implementation of commitment 4: Collaborate, when appropriate, with the International Integrated Reporting Committee (IIRC) and other stakeholders to build a global consensus around the development of Integrated Reporting, which includes natural capital as part of the wider definition of resources and relationships key to an organisation s success. Approach to implementation The program will be implemented on a voluntary basis with the goal of developing capacity building and general internal benefits within financial institutions.
43 WG4 Draft work plan: Scope and Activities To investigate how to increase the level of transparency, disclosure and external reporting about the use of natural capital within operations and the value chain of financial institutions. To develop a disclosure programme and guidance to build capacity of financial institutions to report primarily on their indirect use of and effect on natural capital. To focus on the financial activities of FIs, focusing on exposure to natural capital as providers of financial products and services (loans, investments, insurance).
44 WG4 Draft work plan: Output and structure Questionnaire for disclosure on natural capital together with guidance to support implementation of reporting. Disclosure programme for natural capital. Guidance on how financial institutions can disclose material natural capital-related information linked to their business operations, including portfolios, in an integrated way in their primary reports. E.g. Annual Reports & Accounts. Work stream 1: Disclosure Research and development to enable and promote appropriate disclosure by financial institutions on their exposure to natural capital through financial activities. Work stream 2: Natural capital in Integrated Reporting by FIs NCD and CDP to work with the Climate Disclosure Standards Board (CDSB) to develop guidance on including natural capital information in financial reports in the context of Integrated Reporting.
45 Next steps Consultation with NCD signatories and supporters in WG4. Finalise work plan with Steering Committee. Fundraising to deliver work plan.
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