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1 Quiz October 2014

2 WEDNESDAY 15 OCTOBER, 16:30 17:15 Improving the E C O N O M I C P O W E R of {women} in developed countries

3 - QUESTION #1 - What is the share of men and women working part-time? Share of part time jobs in EU-28, by gender (2013) A B C 9% 15% 19% knowing part-time represents 20% workers in average 32% 25% 23%

4 -ANSWER #1 - What is the share of men and women working part-time? Share of part time jobs in EU-28, by gender (2013) A % 30 Focus on France over time: Share of part-time jobs in total employment, according to gender, in France ( ) 30 PART TIME EMPLOYMENT 9% % A lesser job quality A lesser level of salaries, training and carrier paths Source: INSEE, Enquêtes emploi, Employment with ILB definition

5 - QUESTION #2 - In the UK, what is the share of single parent households at risk of poverty? A B C 19% 32% 42% Households with 2 adults and 2 children face a 13% poverty risk in the UK

6 - QUESTION #2 - In the UK, what is the share of single parent households at risk of poverty? In every European country, the risk of poverty is significantly higher for single parent households with one or more children, than non-single families C 42% % of household below poverty rate, depending on type of household 8 2 adults, 2 dependent children Single parent household 25 Germany 4 20 Denmark France UK EU Source: European Commission

7 - QUESTION #3 - In Europe, when a man is paid 100, a woman is paid on average... A 86 B C 84 82

8 - ANSWER #3 - In Europe, when a man is paid 100, a woman is paid on average... SALARY GAPS BETWEEN MEN AND WOMEN IN SOME COUNTRIES IN EUROPE Men Women C 82 France Sweden Spain UK Germany EU Source: Eurostat 2010

9 - QUESTION #4 - How do employment rates evolve when children arrive in European families? Employment rates of men and women, depending on number of children (average EU 27) No child and more % Men Women ? 0 25? 45? 55?

10 - ANSWER #4 - How do employment rates evolve when children arrive in European families? Employment rates of men and women, depending on number of children (average EU 27) No child and more % Men Women Employment rates of women and men evolve in diverging ways as children arrive in families Source: Eurostat, enquêtes Labour force survey

11 THURSDAY 16 OCTOBER, 9:45-10:30 Thinking ahead for {women} H E A L T H C A R E

12 - QUESTION #1 - Among HIV-positive people worldwide, what is the percentage of women? A 48% B C 58% 68% Source: UNAIDS

13 - ANSWER #1 - Among HIV-positive people worldwide, what is the percentage of women? B DISTRIBUTION OF HIV-POSITIVE PEOPLE WORLDWIDE 42% men 58% WOMEN ARE MORE AT RISK THAN MEN TO BE INFECTED, FOR REASONS SUCH AS: More subject to gender based violence Limited access to health systems Limited access to education Source: UNAIDS

14 - QUESTION #2 - What is the average HIV mother-to-child transmission rate today? A 74% B C 42% 16%? Source: UNAIDS

15 - ANSWER #2 - What is the average HIV mother-to-child transmission rate today? MOTHER-TO-CHILD TRANSMISSION RATE: significant decrease over the past 4 years 26 % 16 % C 16% thanks to initiatives targeting pregnant women and increasing the SHARE OF HIV POSITIVE PREGNANT WOMEN RECEIVING ARV TREATMENTS 33 % 68 % Source: UNAIDS

16 - QUESTION #3 - In low-income countries, who is favored for immunization (vaccines)? A B C GIRLS BOYS NO GENDER GAP > < =

17 - ANSWER #3 - In low-income countries, who is favored for immunization (vaccines)? GAVI: "GIRLS AND BOYS HAVE THE SAME LIKELIHOOD OF BEING IMMUNIZED" C NO GENDER GAP In 2010, GAVI funded a comprehensive review by the World Health Organization (WHO), which showed that globally there are no significant differences in immunization coverage between girls and boys. = Source: GAVI, the Vaccine Alliance public-private partnership (from WHO's scientific expertise and UNICEF's procurement system to the financial knowhow of the World Bank and the market knowledge of the vaccine industry)

18 Deaths in Thousands - QUESTION #4 - Cardio-vascular disease mortality: which graph is women, which graph is men? CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE MORTALITY TRENDS FOR MALES AND FEMALES UNITED STATES Source: American Heart Association Statistical Update

19 Deaths in Thousands - ANSWER #4 - Cardio-vascular disease mortality: which graph is women, which graph is men? CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE MORTALITY TRENDS FOR MALES AND FEMALES UNITED STATES Men Women Source: American Heart Association Statistical Update

20 - QUESTION #5 - Which of these two images is symptomatic of a heart disease? A B Source: Adapted from Gould, Coronary Artery Stenosis and Reversing Atherosclerosis, 2nd ed. 1999

21 - ANSWER #5 - Which of these two images is symptomatic of a heart disease? BOTH! A Blockage in "male" coronary artery B Blockage in "female" coronary artery This partly explains why a coronary angiography (considered as gold standard test) does not always enable the right diagnostic for women Source: Adapted from Gould, Coronary Artery Stenosis and Reversing Atherosclerosis, 2nd ed. 1999

22 THURSDAY 16 OCTOBER, 13:45 14:30 Empowering {women} as agent of development: E N T R E P R E N E U R S H I P to unlock the economic potential of developing countries

23 - QUESTION #1 - What is the share of women in the labor force in Asia? A 24% B C 54% 58% Source: Eurostat 2010

24 - ANSWER #1 - What is the share of women in the labor force in Asia? WORLD AVERAGE IS 55% OF WOMEN AND 81% OF MEN IN THE LABOR FORCE MIDDLE EAST 24% ASIA 54% B 54% AFRICA 58% Source: Eurostat 2010

25 - QUESTION #2 - How many countries have legal work restrictions* for women? A 15 B C *Legal work restrictions include work industry restrictions working hours restrictions husband can prevent from working

26 - ANSWER #2 - How many countries have legal work restrictions* for women? 79 economies laws 1 restrict the type of job that women can do, of which: Industry restrictions: Mining, Construction, Metalwork, factory work Jobs requiring lifting weights above a threshold Jobs deemed hazardous Jobs deemed arduous Jobs deemed morally or socially inappropriate 71 C 79 Working hours restrictions (night hours forbidden) Husbands can object to their wives working and prevent them from accepting jobs Source: World Bank study across 143 economies worldwide "Women, Business and the Law 2014 Removing restrictions to enhance gender equality" Illustration: Ampelmann and Ampelfrau from Berlin

27 - QUESTION #3 - In Sri Lanka, what difficulty women encounter that men don't when they travel for business? A They have no car B They do not have their driving license C Travelling alone could compromise their spouse's reputation Source: Eurostat 2010

28 - ANSWER #3 - In Sri Lanka, what difficulty women encounter that men don't when they travel for business? C Travelling alone could compromise their spouse's reputation Source: "Female Entrepreneurship and the role of business development services in promoting small and medium women entrepreneurs in Sri Lanka" Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka and Oxfam International

29 - QUESTION #4 - In Mexico, what is the share of women on boards of listed companies? A 3% B 7% C 15% Maria Asuncion Aramburuzabala, the chair of GRUPO MODELO, the beer company which makes Corona Source: OECD 2012

30 - ANSWER #4 - In Mexico, what is the share of women on boards of listed companies? B 7% To b e c o m p a r e d t o 1 0 % o n a v e r a g e f o r O E C D c o u n t r i e s Source: OECD 2012

31 THURSDAY 16 OCTOBER, 17:45-18:30 Is there {gender} a TO D I G I T A L

32 - QUESTION #1 - What is the meaning of "STEM? A B C STANDARDIZED TELECOM EQUIPMENT AND MODELS SYSTEMATIC TRACKING OF EMBEDDED MICROPROCESSORS SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS

33 - ANSWER #1 - What is the meaning of "STEM? C SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING AND MATHEMATICS

34 - QUESTION #2 - As of now, how many women in the 23 speakers' list at the world forum 2014 "Internet of things", planned in London? A 0 woman (0%) B 2 woman (9%) C 5 woman (22%)

35 - ANSWER #2 - As of now, how many women in the 23 speakers' list at the world forum 2014 "Internet of things", planned in London? A 0 woman (0%)

36 - QUESTION #3 - How much more do women in ICT sector earn, compared to women in non ICT-service sectors, in similar positions? A +5% B C +7% +9%

37 - ANSWER #3 - How much more do women in ICT sector earn, compared to women in non ICT-service sectors, in similar positions? C +9% "In addition to higher flexibility to arrange working schedules and a lesser risk to face unemployment, women in the ICT sector earn almost +9% more than women in similar positions in non ICT-service sectors" Source: Source: Report "Women active in the ICT sector", October 2013, European Commission

38 - QUESTION #4 - When was the first Fields medal (mathematics) awarded to a woman? A 2014 B C

39 - ANSWER #4 - When was the first Fields medal (mathematics) awarded to a woman? A 2014 Maryam Mirzakhani is an Iranian mathematician working in the United States. Since September 2008, she has served as a professor of mathematics at Stanford University. The award committee cited her work in understanding the symmetry of curved surfaces.

40 THURSDAY 16 OCTOBER, 17:45-18:30 Making entrepreneurship A MORE AT T R A C T I V E C A R E E R CHOICE for {women}

41 - QUESTION #1 - In Europe, what is the share of women within the business owners with employees? DISTRIBUTION OF BUSINESS OWNERS HAVING >1 EMPLOYEE A B C 55 % M e n 65 % M e n 75 % M e n 45 % Women 35 % Women 25 % Women

42 - ANSWER #1 - In Europe, what is the share of women within the business owners with employees? DISTRIBUTION OF BUSINESS OWNERS HAVING >1 EMPLOYEE C 75 % M e n 25 % Women 1. Selection of developed countries in region Source: Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (2012)

43 - QUESTION #2 - How did the proportion of female entrepreneurs evolve in the last 10yrs, in Europe? 25% FEMALE ENTREPRENEURS IN YEAR 2010, COMING FROM... % IN YEAR 2000 A 16%? B 19% C 23%

44 - ANSWER #2 - How did the proportion of female entrepreneurs evolve in the last 10yrs, in Europe? SHARE OF BUSINESS OWNERS BY GENDER, % 76% 75% M e n C +2pp 23% 23% 24% 25% Women Source: OECD 2012

45 - QUESTION #3 - What share of Venture-capital investors are women in these 3 countries? Canada:... % Austria:... % Korea:... % A B C 0% 17% 23%

46 Austria Sweden France Germany Norway Ireland USA Canada UK Switzerland Netherlands China Spain India Japan Korea - ANSWER #3 - What share of Venture-capital investors are women? PERCENTAGE OF MEN AND WOMEN AMONG TOP MANAGERS OF VC INVESTMENT FIRMS Women 29% 27% 25% 21% 19% 19% 18% 17% 16% 15% 15% 13% 10% 9% 2% 0% Men 71% 73% 75% 79% 81% 81% 82% 83% 84% 85% 85% 87% 90% 91% 98% 100% Austria: 29 % Canada: 17 % Korea: 0 % Source: OECD 2012

47 - QUESTION #4 - How many of the 42 female newcomers in the 2014 FORBES list of billionaires built their own fortunes, as opposed to inheriting them from their parents or husband? A 27 B 11 C 5

48 - ANSWER #4 - How many of the 42 female newcomers in the 2014 FORBES list of billionaires built their own fortunes, as opposed to inheriting them from their parents or husband? THERE ARE 268 NEWCOMERS IN THE 2014 FORBES LIST OF THE WORLD BILLIONAIRES: 42 are women, of which 5 only built their own fortunes 226 are men, most of which (>60%) built their own fortunes C 5

49 Quiz October 2014

50 Quiz Answers available on: and on

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