1 ACTA MYCOLOGICA Vol. 42 (2): Dediated to Professor Alina Skirgiełło on the oasion of her ninety-fifth birthday New for Poland and rare seies of anamorhi fungi BEATA CZERNIAWSKA Deartment of Plant Pathology, University of Agriulture, Słowakiego 17, PL Szzein C z e r n i a w s k a B.: New for Poland and rare seies of anamorhi fungi. Ata Myol. 42 (2): , Morhologial haraters of and disease symtoms aused by five fungal seies arasitizing on lants of the Słowiański Park and the Drawieński National Park (both loated in north-western Poland) are resented. Of the seies, Ramularia elastri and Asohyta irina are new for Poland, and Asohyta geraniiola, Phyllostita ariis and Setoriella juni have earlier rarely been found in this ountry. Moreover, the latter three fungi were found on lants so far not reorted in the literature to be their hosts. Finally, the known distribution of the fungi haraterized in both Poland and the other regions of the world is resented. Key words: arasiti fungi, Drawieński National Park, Słowiański Park Introdution In the years 2002 and 2004, the ourrene of mirosoi fungi on lants of the Słowiański Park (SP) in Gorzów Wielkoolski and the Drawieński National Park (DNP) was investigated. Among the fungal seies identified two are new for Poland, and three were so far reorted from only a few sites of this ountry. Additionally, they were assoiated with host lants earlier not listed in the literature. Materials and Methods Fragments of diseased lant organs were olleted in PS and DNP in the years 2002 and 2004, resetively. The lant samles were olleted one a month, from August to November. A total of 90 diseased lant organs were samled. The lant seies were identified aording to Szafer, Kulzyński and Pawłowski (1969). Their nomenlature follows that of Mirek et al. (1995). In the laboratory, the haraters of disease symtoms and their distribution on the lant organs olleted were first determined. Then, to determine the diagnosti roerties of the fungi aomanying the disease symtoms, thin uttings from a
2 236 B. Czerniawska transverse setion of the organs hosting of a given fungus were made using a safety razor and the OLYMPYS SZ40 disseting mirosoe. They were subsequently transferred to a dro of lati aid laed on a mirosoe slide, overed with a over glass, and observed under the OLYMPUS CX21 omound mirosoe. Fungi were identified aording to Brandenburger (1985), Braun (1998), E llis and Ellis (1987), Sałata (2002) and Sutton (1980). The authors of the fungal names are as those resented at the URL web age htt://www.indexfungorum.org/ AuthorsOfFungalNames.htm. Mirohotograhs were reorded on a Sony CDD DXC-390 olour video amera ouled to the OLYMPUS BX50 omound mirosoe equied with Nomarski differential interferene ontrast otis. The floral materials and reserved seimens of the fungi resented here are deosited at the Deartment of Plant Pathology University of Agriulture in Szzein. Exlanation:! seies new to Poland Results! Ramularia elastri Ellis et G. Martin Sots randomly distributed on the uer leaf side, irular to subirular, grey brown, 3-7 mm diam, with a dee-violet border (Fig. 1a). Sorulation santy, reamwhite, on the under side of the sots. Conidia hyaline, x 2-3 μm, setate. On Euonymus euroaeus L., 10.08, and , DNP. Distribution. Po l a n d. This is the first reort of the ourrene of R. elastri in Poland. Ot h e r r e g i o n s. Aording to Braun (1998), R. elastri was reorded on E. euroaeus growing in Montonegro (Yugoslavia). Re m a r k s. The onidia of R. elastri found in DNP were slightly shorter than those haraterized by Braun (1998; 8-35 x μm).! Asohyta irina Sa. et Trotter Sots randomly distributed on the uer leaf side, subirular, ale yellow, mm diam (Fig. 1b). Pynidia flattened, brown, μm diam, with a irular ostiolum, immersed in the leaf tissue (Fig. 1-e). Conidia ale olive, ellisoid, with rounded tis, 2-elled, not onstrited at the setum, x 4-5 μm (Fig. 1f). On Querus rubra L., , SP. Distribution. Po l a n d. No literature reort exists of the finding of A. irina in Poland. Other regions. Italy (Pe t r a k 1920). Re m a r k s. Mel nik, Braun and Hagedor (2000) exluded A. irina from the genus Asohyta. However, they did not aommodate it to any known fungal grou. Another seies of the genus Asohyta affeting leaves of Querus s. is A. querus Sa. et Seg. The main harater searating the two fungi is olour of its onidia. Conidia of A. irini are oloured, whereas those of A. querus are hyaline. Asohyta querus has been found assoiated with leaves of Q. robur L. growing in the Wilanów Park in Warsaw (Sałata 2002). Asohyta geraniiola Siemaszko Sots randomly distributed on the uer leaf side, subirular, brown, 3-5 mm diam (Fig. 2a). Pynidia globose, brown, μm diam, with a irular ostiolum,
3 Anamorhi fungi 237 immersed in the leaf tissue. Conidia hyaline, ellisoid, with rounded tis, 2-elled, not onstrited at the setum, x μm (Fig. 2b). On Geranium sylvatium L., , DNP. Distribution. Po l a n d. On G. alustre L.: Raje near Radom and Sądkowa near Jasło (Sałata 2002). This aer is the first reort of the ourrene of A. geraniiola on G. sylvatium growing in Poland. Ot h e r r e g i o n s. On G. sylvatium: Asia (Mel nik et al. 2000). Re m a r k s. The ynidia and onidia of the seimens of A. geraniola found by the author of this aer are similar in size to those given by Sałata (2002; ynidia: μm diam; onidia: 8-10 x μm). Setoriella juni (Desm.) B. Sutton Sots randomly distributed on the uer leaf side, ellisoid, ale brown, with a brown border, 3-4 mm diam (Fig. 2). Pynidia globose, dark brown, μm diam, with a irular ostiolum, immersed in the leaf tissue (Fig. 2-e). Conidia ale brown, filiform, straight, with rounded tis, 3-5-setate, not onstrited at the seta, x 2-3 μm (Fig. 2f). On Junus bufonius L., and , DNP. Distribution. Po l a n d. On J. onglomeratus L. and J. effusus L.: Słowiński National Park (Adamska 2005). Ot h e r r e g i o n s. On J. effusus and J. maritimus Lam.: Germany and Frane (Sutton 1980). Re m a r k s. This aer for the first time informs of J. bufonius to be a host lant of S. juni. Phyllostita ariis (Fukel) Sa. Sost randomly distributed on the uer leaf side, ellisoid, dark brown, 3-4 x 2-3 mm diam. Pynidia globose, dark brown, μm diam, with a irular ostiolum, immersed in the leaf tissue (Fig. 2g-h). Conidia hyaline, ovoid, with rounded tis, 1-elled, 3-4 x 2 μm (Fig. 2h). On Carex ilulifera L., and , DNP. Distribution. Po l a n d. On C. ilosa So.: Białowieża National Park (Mułenko 1996; Mułenko, Chlebiki 1992; on C. autiformis Ehrh., C. arenaria L., and C. seudoyerus L.: Słowiński National Park (A d a m s k a 2005). Re m a r k s. This aer is the first reort of C. ilulifera to harbour P. ariis. Referenes A d a m s k a I Fungal seies new in Poland on Carex i Junus. Ata Myol. 40 (1): Brandenburger W Parasitishe Pilze an Gefäβflanzen in Euroa. G. Fisher Verlag, Stuttgart- New York. B r a u n U A monograh of the Cerosorella, Ramularia and allied genera (hytoathogeni Hyhomyetes). IHW-Velag. Ellis M. B., Ellis J. P Mirofungi on land lants. An Identifiation Handbook. Croom. Mel nik V. A., Braun U., Hagedor G Key to the fungi of the genus Asohyta Lib. (Coelomyetes). Parey Buhverlag Berlin. Mirek Z., Piękoś-Mirkowa H., Zają A., Zają M Vasular lants of Poland. A helist. W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Aademy of Sienes, Kraków. Mułenko W Annex. Parasiti mirofungi and their hosts olleted on the study area. (In:) J. B. Fa l i ń s k i, W. M u ł e n k o (eds). Crytogamus lants in the forest ommunites of Białowieża National Park. Funtional grous analysis and generalsynthesis (Projet CRYPTO). Phytoenosis 8 (N.S.) Arhiv. Geobot. 6:
4 238 B. Czerniawska M u ł e n k o W., C h l e b i k i A Crytogamus lants in the forest ommunites of Białowieża National Park. Chek-list of rytogamus and seminal lant seies reorder during the eriod on the ermanent lot V-100. (Projet CRYPTO). Phytoenosis 4 (N.S.) Arhiv. Geobot. 6. Pe t r a k F Pilze Ohne die Shizomyeten and Flehten. htt://www.indexfungorum.org/names/namesreord.as?reordid= S a ł a t a B Polskie gatunki grzybów mitosorowyh z rodzaju Asohyta. Wyd. UMCS. Lublin. S u t t o n B. C The Coelomyetes. Fungi Imerfeti with Pynidia Aervuli and Stromata. Commonwealth Myologial Institute. Kew Surrey. England. Szafer W., Kulzyński S., Pawłowski B Rośliny olskie. PWN. Warszawa. Nowe dla Polski i rzadkie gatunki grzybów anamorfiznyh Streszzenie Przedstawiono ehy morfologizne ięiu gatunków grzybów asożytująyh na roślinah Słowianskiego Parku ołożonego w Gorzowie Wielkoolskim i Drawieńskiego Parku Narodowego oraz objawy horobowe rzez nie owodowane. Sośród tyh gatunków Ramularia elastri i Asohyta irina są nowe dla Polski, a Asohyta geraniiola, Phyllostita ariis i Setoriella juni wześniej znajdywano rzadko w tym kraju. Co więej ostatnie trzy gatunki znaleziono na roślinah dotyhzas nie odawanyh w literaturze, że są ih gosodarzami. W końu rzedstawiono oznane rozmieszzenie sharakteryzowanyh grzybów zarówno w Polse, jak i w innyh regionah świata.
5 a b d o e f Fig. 1. Ramularia elastri on a leaf of Euonymus euroaeus (a); Asohyta irina: ynidia on a leaf of Querus rubra (b-d), 1-elled onida (e-f); -onidia, o-ostiolum, -ynidium.
6 a b w d f w e w g h Fig. 2. Asohyta geraniiola: ynidia and onidia on a leaf of Geranium sylvatium (a-b); Setoriella juni: ynidium and onidia (-f); Phyllostita ariis: ynidium and onidia (g-h); -onidia, -ynidium, w-wall of ynidium.