Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in Britain

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in Britain"

Transcription

1 Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in Britain Will Jennings*, Emily Gray #, Stephen Farrall # and Colin Hay + *University of Southampton # Sheffield University + Sciences

2 Context What explains upward trend in attention to crime by political elites and the mass public in Britain since the 196s? In particular, the 199s saw a shift in the level of policy activism on criminal justice (also by Labour governments where crime was not typically one of its owned issues).

3 Punctuated Equilibrium Theory Policy monopolies/entrepreneurs Issue frames Focusing events (also moral panics?) Positive/negative feedback processes

4 Moral panics defined Societies appear to be subject, every now and then, to periods of moral panic. A condition, episode, person or group of persons emerges to become defined as a threat to societal values and interests; its nature is presented in a stylized and stereotypical fashion by the mass media; the moral barricades are manned by editors, bishops, politicians, and other right-thinking people; socially accredited experts pronounce their diagnoses and solutions; ways of coping are evolved or (more often) resorted to; the condition then disappears, submerges or deteriorates and becomes more visible. Sometimes the object of the panic is passed over and is forgotten, except in folklore and collective memory; at other times it has more serious and long-lasting repercussions and might produce such changes as those in legal and social policy or even in the way society conceives of itself (Cohen 1972: 28).

5 The case of the U.S. Source: Jones and Baumgartner (25)

6 The case of Britain Rise of crime on the policy agenda one of the notable long-term shifts in the focus of British politics since In the immediate post-war period, given little attention by government or parties. Started to change during 196s, as parties started to mention it in election manifestos.

7 The case of Britain: Legislation 25 2 Number of Acts of Parliament

8 The case of Britain: Queen s Speech 25 Proportion of the Queen's Speech (%)

9 (1) Policy problems and the public Rising rate of recorded crime peaked in 1992 (parallel trend in the British Crime Survey). Rising fear of crime peaked in 1991/2. Rising public attention to issue of crime peaked much later in 27, well after the crime rate had started to fall. Growth of media interest - jump in 1991.

10 (1) Policy problems and the public 12 1 Offences per 1, population

11 (1) Policy problems and the public 2.4 Fear of Crime (1=Very safe, 4=Very unsafe

12 (1) Policy problems and the public 25 2 MIP (%)

13 (1) Policy problems and the public 35 3 Frontpage stories in The Times (%)

14 (2) The policy monopoly Stable set of policy-making arrangements, with Home Office at centre, combined with broad liberal-progressive consensus among political parties (Downes & Morgan 1997). Came under pressure in 198s, but limited to popular punitive rhetoric. Critical appointment of an outsider, Michael Howard, as Home Secretary, and the policy entrepreneurialism of shadow, Tony Blair.

15 (2) The policy monopoly There was a prevalent view among the criminal justice establishment which was that you shouldn t really send people to prison unless you absolutely have to. And they were reinforced by the Treasury which didn t like spending money on prisons. And so you had a kind of conspiracy under the Thatcher years to keep people out of prison. (Michael Howard, Interview)

16 (3) The focusing event/moral panic The abduction and murder in February 1993 of toddler James Bulger by a pair of 1-year old boys, Robert Thompson and John Venables in Bootle, a deprived part of Liverpool. Constituted a signal crime, which came to act as a point of condensation for wider social anxieties (Hay 1995: 199).

17 (3) The focusing event/moral panic Led to unprecedented media coverage and substantial attention from politicians. Quickly was linked to wider trends in social breakdown and juvenile delinquency (e.g. the killers had been playing truant, one was from a single parent family, were alleged to have watched a video nasty on the night before the murder).

18 (4) Issue (re)definition Moral panic over the Bulger murder linked to wider shift in issue frames around crime and social problems. Led to a spike in parliamentary attention to many issue frames associated with broader social anxieties single mothers, truancy (or truants), broken homes and yobs. Mentions of juvenile/youth crime, truancy, single mothers spiked in 1993 specifically.

19 (4) Issue (re)definition Number of Parliamentary Questions Anti-social behaviour Number of Parliamentary Questions Yobs Number of Parliamentary Questions Juvenile delinquents Number of Parliamentary Questions Graffiti Number of Parliamentary Questions Violent crime Number of Parliamentary Questions Broken home(s) Number of Parliamentary Questions Truant/truancy Number of Parliamentary Questions Single mother(s) Number of Parliamentary Questions Juvenile crime Number of Parliamentary Questions Youth crime Number of Parliamentary Questions Bulger

20 Punctuated Equilibrium in Criminal Justice Policy in Britain Fit with PET? Growing social problem, public concern and media interest. Bulger murder led to a moral panic and crystallised redefinition of issues of crime and social breakdown/disorder. Breakdown in established policy monopoly (liberal Home Office consensus), disrupted by pair of opposing policy entrepreneurs Michael Howard and Tony Blair.

21 Punctuated Equilibrium in Criminal Justice Policy in Britain 6 Standardised values Queen's Speech Acts of Parliament Media (The Times) MIP PQs (anti-social behaviour)

22 A unified model AGENDA t = α + β 1 MIP t-1 + β 2 MEDIA t-1 + β 3 PQS(SOC) t-1 + β 4 PQS(BULGER) t-1 + β 6 CRIME t-1 + µ t Fitted with Prais-Winsten method: µ t = µ t-1 + ε t MIP t-1 MEDIA t-1, PQS(SOC) t-1 PQS(BULGER) t-1 CRIME t-1 Lag of most important problem Lag of media coverage in The Times Lag of PQ mentions of social breakdown Lag of PQ mentions of the Bulger case Lag of recorded rate of crime rate

23 A unified model Queen's Speech Acts of Parliament PQs (Anti-social behaviour, yobs, single mothers, truancy, broken homes) MIP t (.239)* (.322)* (9.927) MEDIA t (.129) (.176)+ (4.619)** PQS(SOC) t (.4)** (.5)** PQS(BULGER) t (.91)* (.124) (2.933) CRIME t (.25) (.33) (1.719)+ ACTS t (2.86)** QS t (4.241) Intercept (1.835)** (2.489)*** ( ) N R-squared Adjusted R-squared Durbin-Watson statistic Rho Start End p<.1; * p<.5; ** p<.1; *** p<.1

24 Conclusion Punctuated equilibrium provides a plausible explanation of the criminal justice policy agenda in Britain. Benefits of mixed-methods approach. Emphasis on moral panics as particular type of focusing event may help account for particular sort of agenda-setting processes. More scope for methodological innovation?

25 Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in Britain Will Jennings*, Emily Gray #, Stephen Farrall # and Colin Hay + *University of Southampton # Sheffield University + Sciences

Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in. Britain

Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in. Britain Punctuated Equilibrium and the Criminal Justice Policy Agenda in Britain Will Jennings, University of Southampton Emily Gray, University of Sheffield Stephen Farrall, University of Sheffield Colin Hay,

More information

The Complexities of Creating Small Big-Data: Using Public Survey Data to Explore Unfolding Social and Economic Change

The Complexities of Creating Small Big-Data: Using Public Survey Data to Explore Unfolding Social and Economic Change The Complexities of Creating Small Big-Data: Using Public Survey Data to Explore Unfolding Social and Economic Change Emily Gray, Stephen Farrall (University of Sheffield University), Will Jennings University

More information

Timing: between 45 minutes and 75 minutes depending on options chosen.

Timing: between 45 minutes and 75 minutes depending on options chosen. eaching notes Key Stage: KS4. Criminal Justice System 3 How does the Youth Justice System work? Resources: internet access Resource 1 Quick quiz true or false? Resource 2 Key words and events Resource

More information

FALLING DRUG USE: THE IMPACT OF TREATMENT

FALLING DRUG USE: THE IMPACT OF TREATMENT We have a policy which actually is working in Britain. Drugs use is coming down, the emphasis on treatment is absolutely right, and we need to continue with that to make sure we can really make a difference.

More information

Secure colleges and the Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (Part 2 and Schedules 3 & 4) House of Commons Report Stage/Third Reading briefing

Secure colleges and the Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (Part 2 and Schedules 3 & 4) House of Commons Report Stage/Third Reading briefing Secure colleges and the Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (Part 2 and Schedules 3 & 4) House of Commons Report Stage/Third Reading briefing Introduction The Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (the Bill) legislates

More information

Explanatory Notes to Criminal Justice And Court Services Act

Explanatory Notes to Criminal Justice And Court Services Act Explanatory Notes to Criminal Justice And Court Services Act 2000 Chapter 43 Crown Copyright 2000 Explanatory Notes to Acts of the UK Parliament are subject to Crown Copyright protection. They may be reproduced

More information

Rehabilitation Versus Incarceration of Juvenile Offenders: Public Preferences in Four Models for Change States Executive Summary

Rehabilitation Versus Incarceration of Juvenile Offenders: Public Preferences in Four Models for Change States Executive Summary Rehabilitation Versus Incarceration of Juvenile Offenders: Public Preferences in Four Models for Change States Executive Summary Alex Piquero and Laurence Steinberg Over the past few decades, American

More information

Most states juvenile justice systems have

Most states juvenile justice systems have BRIEF I Setting the Stage: Juvenile Justice History, Statistics, and Practices in the United States and North Carolina Ann Brewster Most states juvenile justice systems have two main goals: increased public

More information

Mount Gilbert School Planning

Mount Gilbert School Planning TITLE OF PROJECT Citizenship AIMS OF PROJECT: This unit will focus on introducing learners to citizenship (KS3 level). It will encompass some introductory knowledge of citizenship and give learners a chance

More information

A Society of Captives? New Findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime

A Society of Captives? New Findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime A Society of Captives? New Findings from the Edinburgh Study of Youth Transitions and Crime 1 The Justice Strategy for Scotland (Scottish Government 2012) Our vision is of a justice system that contributes

More information

Have New South Wales criminal courts become more lenient in the past 20 years?

Have New South Wales criminal courts become more lenient in the past 20 years? NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research Bureau Brief Have New South Wales criminal courts become more lenient in the past 20 years? Karen Freeman Issue paper no. 101 March 2015 Aim: To investigate

More information

Do economic theories of crime explain the causes of criminality in the United Kingdom in the present day?

Do economic theories of crime explain the causes of criminality in the United Kingdom in the present day? Do economic theories of crime explain the causes of criminality in the United Kingdom in the present day? by Stuart Clubb Economic theories of crime have long been put forward in an attempt to explain

More information

2012 Party Platforms On Criminal Justice Policy

2012 Party Platforms On Criminal Justice Policy 2012 Party Platforms On Criminal Justice Policy September 2012 1 2012 PARTY PLATFORMS ON CRIMINAL JUSTICE POLICY THE SENTENCING PROJECT The Washington Post recently reported that the gulf between Republicans

More information

Supporting Victims through the criminal justice system. the urge to place them at the heart of the criminal justice system.

Supporting Victims through the criminal justice system. the urge to place them at the heart of the criminal justice system. Supporting Victims through the criminal justice system There is some talk of giving victims a voice, indeed this seems to have replaced the urge to place them at the heart of the criminal justice system.

More information

The support you should get if you are a victim of crime

The support you should get if you are a victim of crime The support you should get if you are a victim of crime This is an EasyRead booklet showing you what to do. About this booklet The Ministry of Justice wrote this information. This is an EasyRead guide

More information

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS: OBJECTIVES

LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS: OBJECTIVES Labor but were upset at the class divisions it encouraged between workers and bosses. That set people apart instead of bringing them together as citizens. They saw Labor as a selfish party, caring for

More information

Journeys through the Criminal Justice System for Suspects, Accused and Offenders with Learning Disabilities. A Graphic Representation

Journeys through the Criminal Justice System for Suspects, Accused and Offenders with Learning Disabilities. A Graphic Representation Journeys through the Criminal Justice System for Suspects, Accused and Offenders with Learning Disabilities A Graphic Representation 0 Contents Introduction page 2 Methodology page 4 Stage One Getting

More information

Crime and the Media. The prevalence & nature of crime news Coverage of CJ system Understanding media coverage How media coverage affect CJ policy

Crime and the Media. The prevalence & nature of crime news Coverage of CJ system Understanding media coverage How media coverage affect CJ policy Crime and the Media Crime and the Media The prevalence & nature of crime news Coverage of CJ system Understanding media coverage How media coverage affect CJ policy The Prevalence of Crime News Principle

More information

in washington state BLACK WELL-BEING BEYOND

in washington state BLACK WELL-BEING BEYOND Creating an Equitable Future in washington state 20 5 BLACK WELL-BEING BEYOND Criminal Justice Strong communities depend on trust. When people feel confident that they are protected and have the opportunity

More information

A client s experience

A client s experience 40 Rapid Action Project (RAP), Rainer, Essex Scheme of special merit award 2006 A client s experience Louis 1 was aged 11 years when police gave him a reprimand following a violent incident at school and

More information

Young people and alcohol Factsheet

Young people and alcohol Factsheet IAS Factsheet Young people and alcohol Updated May 2013 Young people and alcohol Factsheet Institute of Alcohol Studies Alliance House 12 Caxton Street London SW1H 0QS Tel: 020 7222 4001 Email: info@ias.org.uk

More information

THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT

THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT THE EXECUTIVE AND LEGISLATIVE BRANCHES OF GOVERNMENT The political institutions of the United Kingdom are divided into the legislative, the executive and the judiciary. The last of these will be developed

More information

BUILDING RECOVERY IN COMMUNITIES www.nta.nhs.uk

BUILDING RECOVERY IN COMMUNITIES www.nta.nhs.uk For the small percentage of under- 18s who get into difficulties with drugs or alcohol, the problems can become significant SUBSTANCE MISUSE AMONG YOUNG PEOPLE 2011-12 BUILDING RECOVERY IN COMMUNITIES

More information

Page 1. HC Deb, 12 June 2014, c319w 2. Impact Assessment: Transforming Youth Custody 3

Page 1. HC Deb, 12 June 2014, c319w 2. Impact Assessment: Transforming Youth Custody 3 Secure colleges and the Criminal Justice and Courts Bill (Part 2 and Schedules 5 & 6) House of Lords Second Reading briefing For debate on Monday 30 June 2014 Introduction The Criminal Justice and Courts

More information

Legislating for Violence against Children. With a focus on the juvenile justice system

Legislating for Violence against Children. With a focus on the juvenile justice system Legislating for Violence against Children With a focus on the juvenile justice system Juvenile Justice is multi sectoral One of the challenges to juvenile justice is that it is multi-sectoral This means

More information

Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014

Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 CHAPTER 11 Explanatory Notes have been produced to assist in the understanding of this Act and are available separately 9. 75 Offender Rehabilitation Act 2014 CHAPTER 11

More information

Liberty and JUSTICE submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council s Universal Periodic Review of the United Kingdom

Liberty and JUSTICE submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council s Universal Periodic Review of the United Kingdom Liberty and JUSTICE submission to the United Nations Human Rights Council s Universal Periodic Review of the United Kingdom November 2007 About JUSTICE JUSTICE is an all-party, human rights and law reform

More information

Supporting victims and witnesses with a learning disability

Supporting victims and witnesses with a learning disability Supporting victims and witnesses with a learning disability July 2009 Contents Introduction page 2 The Crown Prosecution Service page 5 The Code for Crown Prosecutors page 8 Ability to give evidence page

More information

Meeting the Prime Minister Goals in Crime Reduction Why the Crime Rate Could Fall Over the Next Three Years

Meeting the Prime Minister Goals in Crime Reduction Why the Crime Rate Could Fall Over the Next Three Years Meeting the Prime Minister Goals in Crime Reduction Why the Crime Rate Could Fall Over the Next Three Years Two of the Prime Minister s Goals for the Nation are to reduce crime and reduce reoffending.

More information

Experiencing Youth Justice: Process, Meaning and Legitimacy

Experiencing Youth Justice: Process, Meaning and Legitimacy Experiencing Youth Justice: Process, Meaning and Legitimacy Dr Nicola Carr and Dr Siobhán McAlister School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work Queen s University Belfast Criminal Justice and Conflict

More information

Canada s Juvenile Justice Law & Children s Rights

Canada s Juvenile Justice Law & Children s Rights Nov. 28, 2004 edited version Canada s Juvenile Justice Law & Children s Rights Prof. Nicholas Bala Faculty of Law, Queen s University Presented at Conference on Making Children s Rights Work: National

More information

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Examination June 2013

General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Examination June 2013 General Certificate of Education Advanced Level Examination June 2013 Sociology SCLY4 Unit 4 Thursday 13 June 2013 9.00 am to 11.00 am For this paper you must have: an AQA 16-page answer book. Time allowed

More information

Juvenile Justice. CJ 3650 Professor James J. Drylie Chapter 3

Juvenile Justice. CJ 3650 Professor James J. Drylie Chapter 3 Juvenile Justice CJ 3650 Professor James J. Drylie Chapter 3 Measuring Juvenile Crime Fears related to juvenile crime reached new heights in the past two decades Fear remains high despite falling juvenile

More information

Crime, Deviance & The Mass Media. Moral Panics

Crime, Deviance & The Mass Media. Moral Panics Crime, Deviance & The Mass Media Moral Panics Specification Content 1. Media s role in social construction of Crime including moral panics and amplification 2. Crime and news values and agenda setting

More information

Public satisfaction with the NHS in 2015

Public satisfaction with the NHS in 2015 SUMMARY Public satisfaction with the NHS in 2015 Results and trends from the British Social Attitudes survey Authors John Appleby Ruth Robertson February 2016 Introduction Since 1983, NatCen Social Research

More information

SOC M15 Introduction to Criminology at Moorpark College. Course # 30891 Spring 2014

SOC M15 Introduction to Criminology at Moorpark College. Course # 30891 Spring 2014 SOC M15 Introduction to Criminology at Moorpark College Course # 30891 Spring Instructor: Robert Wonser Class Time and Place: Fridays, 9:00 a.m. 11:50 a.m. Room: HSS Room: 206 Office Hours: After class

More information

Language and restorative justice practices

Language and restorative justice practices Language and restorative justice practices Hennessey Hayes Griffith University Brisbane, Queensland Australia Describe the RJ (conferencing) process in Queensland Summarise RJ developments in Australia

More information

DrugScope s response to the consultation on Justice, Security and Community

DrugScope s response to the consultation on Justice, Security and Community PARTNERSHIP IN POWER DrugScope s response to the consultation on Justice, Security and Community DrugScope is the UK s leading centre of expertise on drugs. Our aim is to inform policy and reduce drug-related

More information

EXPERIENCING THE LAW

EXPERIENCING THE LAW SOLON CCBH 4 December 2009 at the Institute of Advanced Legal Studies EXPERIENCING THE LAW OBJECTIFYING CHILDREN: Law, Policy-Making and Human Rights Responses ABSTRACTS OPENING PLENARY Children and Social

More information

INTRODUCTION TO THE CANADIAN JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM

INTRODUCTION TO THE CANADIAN JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM INTRODUCTION TO THE CANADIAN JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM Robert D. Hoge* I. INTRODUCTION This paper presents a description of some features of the Canadian youth justice system, including the principles underlying

More information

Key Points. SNAPSHOT The impact of domestic violence on children. www.benevolent.org.au. Domestic violence and children

Key Points. SNAPSHOT The impact of domestic violence on children. www.benevolent.org.au. Domestic violence and children Social issues SNAPSHOT The impact of domestic violence on children Key Points Domestic violence and children Children, especially babies and young children, affected by domestic violence experience significant

More information

Dismantle the Cradle to Prison Pipeline

Dismantle the Cradle to Prison Pipeline A Message to the 81 st Texas Legislature Dismantle the Cradle to Prison Pipeline There is a growing epidemic that threatens the health and prosperity of all Texans. Because of the Cradle to Prison Pipeline

More information

The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters

The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters The codification of criminal law and current questions of prison matters Kondorosi Ferenc Under Secretary of State Ministry of Justice Hungary Criminal law is the branch of law, in which society s expectations

More information

Taking a Bite Out of Crime: 46 Years of Utah Crime Statistics

Taking a Bite Out of Crime: 46 Years of Utah Crime Statistics Taking a Bite Out of Crime: 46 Years of Utah Crime Statistics August 15, 2008 The 2008 Utah Priorities Survey revealed Crime & Security to be the sixth-highest issue of concern for Utah residents. Specifically,

More information

Activity 1A: Perceptions of Crime and Justice

Activity 1A: Perceptions of Crime and Justice Activity 1A: Perceptions of Crime and Justice Students create and share poems that reflect their perceptions of crime and justice. They are introduced to the components and goals of the criminal justice

More information

What do you think is a) the principal strength and b) the principal weakness of subcultural theories?

What do you think is a) the principal strength and b) the principal weakness of subcultural theories? What do you think is a) the principal strength and b) the principal weakness of subcultural theories? - Introduction by Stuart Clubb Subcultural theories are theories which examine the behaviour and actions

More information

YOUTH LEGAL CENTRE. Victims compensation. 1 Introduction. 2 Eligibility

YOUTH LEGAL CENTRE. Victims compensation. 1 Introduction. 2 Eligibility YOUTH LEGAL CENTRE Victims compensation 1 Introduction The New South Wales victims compensation scheme allows victims of violent crime to receive: counselling financial compensation injuries suffered payment

More information

Department of Home Affairs

Department of Home Affairs GD 2015/0018 Department of Home Affairs POLICING PLAN 2015-2016 April 2015 Foreword by Minister for Home Affairs This is my fourth policing plan as Minister for Home Affairs. The economic backdrop has

More information

North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center Governor s Crime Commission

North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center Governor s Crime Commission Summer 1997 SYS EMSTATS North Carolina Criminal Justice Analysis Center UNDERSTANDING JUVENILE CRIME TRENDS AND WHAT CAN AND CANNOT BE DONE ABOUT THEM In North Carolina, as in the rest of the nation, the

More information

Marijuana in Massachusetts. Arrests, Usage, and Related Data

Marijuana in Massachusetts. Arrests, Usage, and Related Data Marijuana in Massachusetts Arrests, Usage, and Related Data Jon Gettman, Ph.D. The Bulletin of Cannabis Reform www.drugscience.org 10/19/2009 1 Introduction This state report is part of a comprehensive

More information

Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship

Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship Student Handout #1: A Brief History of Canadian Citizenship Section One: Citizenship The concept of citizenship goes all the way back to ancient Greece. In the Greek city states, citizens were people who

More information

Small Big Data: Using multiple data-sets to explore unfolding social and economic change

Small Big Data: Using multiple data-sets to explore unfolding social and economic change Commentary Small Big Data: Using multiple data-sets to explore unfolding social and economic change Big Data & Society January June 2015: 1 6! The Author(s) 2015 DOI: 10.1177/2053951715589418 bds.sagepub.com

More information

California Youth Crime Declines: The Untold Story

California Youth Crime Declines: The Untold Story CENTER ON JUVENILE AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE California Youth Crime Declines: The Untold Story Introduction Public perceptions about youth crime tend to imagine high incidents of violent crime and property

More information

Marijuana in New Jersey. Arrests, Usage, and Related Data

Marijuana in New Jersey. Arrests, Usage, and Related Data Arrests, Usage, and Related Data Jon Gettman, Ph.D. The Bulletin of Cannabis Reform www.drugscience.org 10/19/2009 1 Introduction This state report is part of a comprehensive presentation of national,

More information

CONSULTATION RESPONSE BY THOMPSONS SOLICITORS SCOTLAND

CONSULTATION RESPONSE BY THOMPSONS SOLICITORS SCOTLAND CONSULTATION RESPONSE BY THOMPSONS SOLICITORS SCOTLAND SCOTTISH GOVERNMENT CONSULTATION ON THE DRAFT ORDER IN COUNCIL FOR THE TRANSFER OF SPECIFIED FUNCTIONS OF THE EMPLOYMENT TRIBUNAL TO THE FIRST TIER

More information

CODE ON SPORT BETTING

CODE ON SPORT BETTING CODE ON SPORT BETTING AUGUST 2007 Executive Summary As a matter of urgency, sports governing bodies must ensure that their rules and regulations on betting are up to date and encompass the new offence

More information

Indigenous Hearing Loss and the Criminal Justice System A background paper

Indigenous Hearing Loss and the Criminal Justice System A background paper Damien Howard Psychologist Phoenix Consulting Indigenous Hearing Loss and the Criminal Justice System A background paper Indigenous Australians are disadvantaged in many ways compared to other Australians.

More information

CCTV Cameras Policy. Policy Guidelines

CCTV Cameras Policy. Policy Guidelines CCTV Cameras Policy Policy Guidelines To assist in providing the safe physical environment a CCTV surveillance system has been installed at Sydney Central on the ground floor. The area covered includes

More information

Facts for Teens: Youth Violence

Facts for Teens: Youth Violence P.O. Box 6003 Rockville, MD 20849-6003 nyvprc@safeyouth.org www.safeyouth.org Facts for Teens: Youth Violence Introduction Many teenagers are concerned about youth violence, and with good reason. Each

More information

Forensic Psychology by Pozzulo, Bennell, & Forth.

Forensic Psychology by Pozzulo, Bennell, & Forth. Form 2A, Page 1 FLORIDA STATE COLLEGE AT JACKSONVILLE COLLEGE CREDIT COURSE OUTLINE COURSE NUMBER: PSY 1050 COURSE TITLE: Survey of Forensic Psychology PREREQUISITE(S): PSY 1012 COREQUISITE(S): STUDENT

More information

Scared Straight and other juvenile awareness programmes for preventing juvenile delinquency

Scared Straight and other juvenile awareness programmes for preventing juvenile delinquency Scared Straight and other juvenile awareness programmes for preventing juvenile delinquency What Works Briefing Summary Programmes which use organised prison visits with the aim of deterring juvenile delinquents

More information

EDUCATION EMPLOYMENT

EDUCATION EMPLOYMENT MARY L. PARKER PhD Professor Criminal Justice Department College of Professional Studies University of Arkansas at Little Rock Chair of the Criminal Justice Department 15 years Professor in the Criminal

More information

The different types of cost of alcohol

The different types of cost of alcohol A number of studies have attempted to calculate the cost of alcohol to society. This is tricky for two reasons. First, because many of the costs are difficult to estimate accurately. Second, because there

More information

Safer Streets Crime Action Plan Youth Justice. Have Your Say

Safer Streets Crime Action Plan Youth Justice. Have Your Say Safer Streets Crime Action Plan Youth Justice Have Your Say 1 Foreword Through its Safer Streets Crime Action Plan, the Newman Government made a commitment to crack down on crime. As part of this plan,

More information

Rehabilitation programs for young offenders: Towards good practice? Andrew Day. Forensic Psychology Research Group. University of South Australia

Rehabilitation programs for young offenders: Towards good practice? Andrew Day. Forensic Psychology Research Group. University of South Australia 1 Rehabilitation programs for young offenders: Towards good practice? Andrew Day Forensic Psychology Research Group University of South Australia Andrew.day@unisa.edu.au Invited paper for the Understanding

More information

PUBLIC. COUNCIL 10 December 2014 Item 10

PUBLIC. COUNCIL 10 December 2014 Item 10 COUNCIL 10 December 2014 Item 10 Classification Public Purpose For noting PRESIDENTIAL UPDATE The Issues This paper presents an update on my activities since taking office in July 2014 with a particular

More information

Justice Committee. Effective use of police resources inquiry. Written submission from the Association of Scottish Police Superintendents

Justice Committee. Effective use of police resources inquiry. Written submission from the Association of Scottish Police Superintendents Introduction Justice Committee Effective use of police resources inquiry Written submission from the Association of Scottish Police Superintendents The Association of Scottish Police Superintendents (ASPS)

More information

10 Victims and the law 57

10 Victims and the law 57 10 Victims and the law 57 10: Victims and the law This section gives a summary of the law in relation to victims of crime. Introduction The court may call a victim as a witness in a criminal case. However,

More information

WORKSHEET The Role and Impact of Mass Media

WORKSHEET The Role and Impact of Mass Media P a g e 1 WORKSHEET The Role and Impact of Mass Media As the worlds first constitutional democratic republic, The United States is considered a role model for a large number of countries. We have state

More information

Youth Violence. 4th leading. 200,000 die. The Health Sector Role in Prevention and Response. cause of death. each year. Youth Violence is the

Youth Violence. 4th leading. 200,000 die. The Health Sector Role in Prevention and Response. cause of death. each year. Youth Violence is the Youth Violence Youth Violence is the 4th leading cause of death in young people worldwide. 200,000 die each year. The Health Sector Role in Prevention and Response What is youth violence? Youth violence:

More information

A LONG-TERM STUDY OF THE OUTCOMES OF DRUG USERS LEAVING TREATMENT SEPTEMBER 2010

A LONG-TERM STUDY OF THE OUTCOMES OF DRUG USERS LEAVING TREATMENT SEPTEMBER 2010 National Treatment Agency for Substance Misuse Long-term results for those who have been treated in one year found that nearly half who leave neither need further treatment nor were found to be involved

More information

11 MS. SCHLANGER: We're going to hear. 12 next from Michael Jacobson, who is the Director of the. 13 Vera Institute of Justice, which is obviously the

11 MS. SCHLANGER: We're going to hear. 12 next from Michael Jacobson, who is the Director of the. 13 Vera Institute of Justice, which is obviously the 11 MS. SCHLANGER: We're going to hear 12 next from Michael Jacobson, who is the Director of the 13 Vera Institute of Justice, which is obviously the 14 sponsoring organization for this Commission. Before

More information

Women, Pleasure and the Gambling Experience. Dr Emma Casey Kingston University UK

Women, Pleasure and the Gambling Experience. Dr Emma Casey Kingston University UK Women, Pleasure and the Gambling Experience Dr Emma Casey Kingston University UK Introduction Economic and Social Research Council funded project; Gambling and Households Choice of research method; Mass

More information

The Victims Code: Young victims of crime: Understanding the support you should get

The Victims Code: Young victims of crime: Understanding the support you should get The Victims Code: Young victims of crime: Understanding the support you should get If you re a victim of crime, support and information is available to help you get through it. The Victims Code is a Government

More information

Victims of violent crime

Victims of violent crime Victims of violent crime What can I do if I am the victim of violent crime? Report the crime to the Police. If it is an emergency, call 000. Otherwise, you can either go to the nearest police station or

More information

CONCEALED CARRY LAWS AND WEAPONS

CONCEALED CARRY LAWS AND WEAPONS CONCEALED CARRY LAWS AND WEAPONS Myth: Concealed carry laws increase crime Fact: Forty states 150, comprising the majority of the American population, are "right-to-carry" states. Statistics show that

More information

The Public Policy Process W E E K 1 2 : T H E S C I E N C E O F T H E P O L I C Y P R O C E S S

The Public Policy Process W E E K 1 2 : T H E S C I E N C E O F T H E P O L I C Y P R O C E S S The Public Policy Process W E E K 1 2 : T H E S C I E N C E O F T H E P O L I C Y P R O C E S S Why Study Public Policy Scientific Reasons To help us better understand the nature of political behavior

More information

Justice Studies - Criminal Justice Associate in Applied Science Degree (A.A.S.)

Justice Studies - Criminal Justice Associate in Applied Science Degree (A.A.S.) Berkeley College Overview Academic Programs Admissions and Finances Administration, Faculty, and Staff Contact Us Justice Studies - Criminal Justice Associate in Applied Science Degree (A.A.S.) Course

More information

INTRODUCTION The Criminal Law Committee of the Law Society of Scotland ( the. Committee ) welcomes the opportunity to comment upon the Scottish

INTRODUCTION The Criminal Law Committee of the Law Society of Scotland ( the. Committee ) welcomes the opportunity to comment upon the Scottish RESPONSE FROM LAW SOCIETY OF SCOTLAND INTRODUCTION The Criminal Law Committee of the Law Society of Scotland ( the Committee ) welcomes the opportunity to comment upon the Scottish Government s Consultation

More information

2015 Sociology. National 5. Finalised Marking Instructions

2015 Sociology. National 5. Finalised Marking Instructions National Qualifications 2015 2015 Sociology National 5 Finalised Marking Instructions Scottish Qualifications Authority 2015 The information in this publication may be reproduced to support SQA qualifications

More information

North Ayrshire Project. Impact Arts. Social Return on Investment Report

North Ayrshire Project. Impact Arts. Social Return on Investment Report Series Report No. 4 November 2007 North Ayrshire Project Impact Arts Social Return on Investment Report Executive Summary Executive Summary This is a Social Return on Investment report on the Fab Pad programme

More information

GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL. UN Approach to Justice for Children

GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL. UN Approach to Justice for Children UNITED NATIONS NATIONS UNIES GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY GENERAL UN Approach to Justice for Children SEPTEMBER 2008 U N I T E D N A T I O N S N A T I O N S U N I E S GUIDANCE NOTE OF THE SECRETARY-GENERAL

More information

Paul Whiteley and Patrick Seyd

Paul Whiteley and Patrick Seyd Party Election Campaigning in Britain: The Labour Party Paul Whiteley and Patrick Seyd Paul Whiteley, Department of Government, University of Essex, Colchester, C04 3SQ, United Kingdom. Whiteley@essex.ac.uk

More information

Report by the Comptroller and. SesSIon 2009 2010 march 2010. Tackling problem drug use

Report by the Comptroller and. SesSIon 2009 2010 march 2010. Tackling problem drug use Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General HC 297 SesSIon 2009 2010 march 2010 Tackling problem drug use Report by the Comptroller and Auditor General Tackling problem drug use HC 297 Session 2009-2010

More information

It is these principles outlined above which must underpin the law in relation to bail for children and young people in Northern Ireland.

It is these principles outlined above which must underpin the law in relation to bail for children and young people in Northern Ireland. Advice to Department of Justice in relation to their Consultation on Northern Ireland Law Commission Report on Bail in Criminal Law Proceedings The office of the Northern Ireland Commissioner for Children

More information

Prison Reform Trust consultation submission. More effective responses to anti-social behaviour

Prison Reform Trust consultation submission. More effective responses to anti-social behaviour Prison Reform Trust consultation submission More effective responses to anti-social behaviour The Prison Reform Trust is an independent UK charity working to create a just, humane and effective prison

More information

Probation Officer's Dashboard

Probation Officer's Dashboard State of North Carolina Department of Correction Probation Officer's Dashboard 2009 NASCIO Recognition Award Nomination Category: Digital Government: Government to Government (G to G) Section B: Executive

More information

Measuring social impact: the foundation of social return on investment (SROI)

Measuring social impact: the foundation of social return on investment (SROI) Measuring social impact: the foundation of social return on investment (SROI) Chapter One Introduction and Purpose Many organisations have social, environmental and economic impacts that have an effect

More information

64/180. 2 A/CONF.213/RPM.1/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.2/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.3/1 and

64/180. 2 A/CONF.213/RPM.1/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.2/1, A/CONF.213/RPM.3/1 and Salvador Declaration on Comprehensive Strategies for Global Challenges: Crime Prevention and Criminal Justice Systems and Their Development in a Changing World We, the States Members of the United Nations,

More information

School of Sociology and Social Policy. BA Social Science. 4 year extended degree programme

School of Sociology and Social Policy. BA Social Science. 4 year extended degree programme School of Sociology and Social Policy BA Social Science 4 year extended degree programme The BA Social Science extended degree is designed for those without standard entry requirements who feel they have

More information

MINNESOTA S EXPERIENCE IN REVISING ITS JUVENILE CODE AND PROSECUTOR INPUT IN THE PROCESS September 1997

MINNESOTA S EXPERIENCE IN REVISING ITS JUVENILE CODE AND PROSECUTOR INPUT IN THE PROCESS September 1997 MINNESOTA S EXPERIENCE IN REVISING ITS JUVENILE CODE AND PROSECUTOR INPUT IN THE PROCESS September 1997 In 1991, Minnesota began a major effort to substantially revise the laws governing our juvenile justice

More information

SERIAL RAPE: OFFENDER PROFILING

SERIAL RAPE: OFFENDER PROFILING SERIAL RAPE: OFFENDER PROFILING Detective Inspector John Manning New Zealand Police Liaison Officer, Sydney Offender profiling as a viable investigative tool has been graphically illustrated in a number

More information

Disclosable under FOIA 2000: Yes Author: T/CI Nick Barker Force / Organisation: BTP Date Created: May 2009 Telephone: 0207 830 8930

Disclosable under FOIA 2000: Yes Author: T/CI Nick Barker Force / Organisation: BTP Date Created: May 2009 Telephone: 0207 830 8930 Security Classification: NOT PROTECTIVELY MARKED Disclosable under FOIA 2000: Yes Author: T/CI Nick Barker Force / Organisation: BTP Date Created: May 2009 Telephone: 0207 830 8930 Association of Chief

More information

Reforms threaten government s drug strategy

Reforms threaten government s drug strategy Reforms threaten government s drug strategy Structural changes are being introduced in police, justice, health and local council services with too little attention to their overall impact or value for

More information

Public confidence in the NSW Criminal Justice System: what contribution does knowledge make?

Public confidence in the NSW Criminal Justice System: what contribution does knowledge make? NSW Sentencing Council NSW Bureau of Crime Statistics and Research Public confidence in the NSW Criminal Justice System: what contribution does knowledge make? Craig Jones, Don Weatherburn & Katherine

More information

UK Youth Parliament Procedures Book 2013-14. Version 11

UK Youth Parliament Procedures Book 2013-14. Version 11 UK Youth Parliament Procedures Book 2013-14 Version 11 1 Contents 1. Name, status, aims and objectives... 4 2. Members of the Youth Parliament (MYPs)... 4 2.1. Membership... 4 2.2. Allocations... 4 2.3.

More information

Offender Management Statistics Bulletin, England and Wales

Offender Management Statistics Bulletin, England and Wales Offender Management Statistics Bulletin, England and Wales Quarterly October to December 2014 Annual January to December 2014 Ministry of Justice Statistical Bulletin 30 April 2015 Introduction This bulletin

More information

The cost-effectiveness of Action for Children s Intensive Family Support services

The cost-effectiveness of Action for Children s Intensive Family Support services Research Summary The cost-effectiveness of Action for Children s Intensive Family Support services Key Findings The research found that Intensive Family Support (IFS) services have a positive impact on

More information

Working with Local Criminal Justice Boards

Working with Local Criminal Justice Boards Working with Local Criminal Justice Boards Guidance for youth offending teams Youth Justice Board for England and Wales 2005 www.youth-justice-board.gov.uk Youth Justice Board for England and Wales Contents

More information

May 2015. The Right Direction. The Mayor s Strategy for improving transport safety, security and reliability in London 2015-2017 Executive Summary

May 2015. The Right Direction. The Mayor s Strategy for improving transport safety, security and reliability in London 2015-2017 Executive Summary May 2015 The Right Direction The Mayor s Strategy for improving transport safety, security and reliability in London 2015-2017 Executive Summary Greater London Authority May 2015 Published by Greater London

More information