1 Guidelines for Traffic Controllers keeping victorians connected
2 2 IMPORTANT Before undertaking the tasks of a Traffic Controller on a public road, a person must successfully complete an accredited Traffic Controller s Training Program. A valid Traffic Controller s Statement of Attainment indicating accreditation details must be carried at all times when operating as a Traffic Controller. Upon request, the Traffic Controller s Statement of Attainment must be presented to any Police officer, WorkSafe officer, VicRoads officer, Municipal Council Authorised Officer or the person in-charge of a worksite or their delegate.
3 3 Contents Preamble 4 Scope 4 Training 4 Traffic Controller s Authority 5 Traffic Controller s Responsibilities 5 Application 6 Dress 7 Stop/Slow Bat 9 Control of Approach Speed 9 The Law and the Traffic Controller 10 Controlling Traffic 11 Signs 15 Locating the Traffic Controller 17 Advance Signing on Curves/Crests 23 Railway Crossings 23 Behaviour and Attitude 26 Safety 26 Reduced Visibility 28 Use of Radio 28 Supervisor s Responsibility 29 Controlling Traffic at Night 30 Response to Crashes at the Worksite 31 Traffic Control in Emergency Situations 31 Conclusion 32 Annexes 32 Road Safety Road Rules Summary of Traffic Controller Instructions 33 Key Points 34 Traffic Controller Restrictions 34 Report by Traffic Controller 35
4 4 Preamble 1. Roads with worksites are particularly hazardous, in comparison to a road operating under normal conditions. Traffic controllers are used when signs and devices for works are considered insufficient to provide for personal safety, public convenience and efficient control and management of traffic around the worksite. Scope 2. This handbook details the procedures to be followed and the equipment required by traffic controllers to control the flow of traffic. The use of traffic signals, other control devices, and control at intersections are not covered in this handbook. 3. This handbook is based on the Victorian Worksite Safety Traffic Management Code of Practice and Australian Standard (2009) Traffic Control Devices for Works on Roads. Training 4. Traffic controllers are to be appropriately trained in their duties and certified as competent. All accredited traffic controllers at worksites on roads in Victoria should comply with the guidelines contained in this handbook.
5 5 5. All traffic controllers are required to obtain a valid Statement of Attainment in Traffic Control using Stop/Slow Bat and should attend an appropriate refresher course every three years. Traffic Controller s Authority 6. Accredited traffic controllers have the authority to: a. Legally stop/slow traffic using a STOP/SLOW bat; b. Use hand signals to advise traffic in conjunction with the STOP/SLOW bat; and c. Report to the supervisor motorists who fail to follow reasonable directions. Traffic Controller s Responsibilities 7. Accredited traffic controllers have the following responsibilities: a. Safety of the traffic controller (self); b. Safety of fellow workers; c. Safety of motorists and other road users; d. Enabling works at the site to be conducted safely by minimising the risk associated with traffic movement;
6 6 e. Controlling traffic in a professional manner to enable drivers to negotiate through, past, or around the worksite safely; f. Ensuring that indication given to the traffic is consistent with the display provided by the traffic signals. g. Maintaining traffic control in emergencies and other difficult situations; and h. Minimising delays to traffic. Application 8. When required by the volume of traffic or the conditions at the worksite, the supervisor may arrange for traffic controllers to control the movement of traffic in the following situations: a. On bituminous surfacing works being carried out under traffic; b. Where one lane of a two-lane two-way road or bridge is closed (unless traffic signal control is used); c. Where any of the conditions for the creation of worksite speed limits exists but such speed limits are not being adhered to; d. Where blasting works are being carried out on or adjacent to trafficked roads; e. Where construction machinery regularly crosses or enters an existing road;
7 7 f. Where sight distance to the worksite is limited; g. In emergencies; and h. Where signs and devices direct a motorist to disobey a law in any of the above circumstances. 9. When considering the volume of traffic, the following factors must be taken into account: a. Safety of the workers at the site; b. Safety of the public at the site; c. The duration of work; d. Site conditions and layout; and e. Personnel available. Dress 10. It is essential for safety that the traffic controller wears appropriate high-visibility clothing at all times while on traffic controller duty. Such high-visibility clothing is designed to make personnel more conspicuous and to warn road users of their presence. 11. In daytime applications, a fluorescent red/orange high-visibility garment complying with AS/NZS 4602 is required. The garment should be correctly fastened at the front at all times, and should be clean and in good condition. The garment should display information to identify the organisation to which the controller belongs. A fluorescent red/orange cap or hat may also be worn, though is not required.
8 8 12. Fluorescent material alone does not give adequate conspicuity for night use. A garment meeting or exceeding the requirements of AS/NZS 4602 for night use must be worn for night applications. 13. High-visibility garments are required to have an information tag which details whether they are suitable for day use, night use, or both day and night use. Traffic controllers are advised to check the tag on their high-visibility garment before use to ensure it is the correct type for the application. 14. In wet conditions, the wearing of wet weather clothing should not obscure the high-visibility garment requirements set out above. 15. Safety footwear conforming to Australian Standards should be worn at all times by traffic controllers. 16. VicTrack guidelines require that workers working in the rail reserve or rail corridor must wear the industry-specific orange colour on their high visibility garments. This colour is not quite the same as red/ orange which is commonly used for the workers on roads. 17. When working more than 3 metres from the rail line, traffic controllers may wear garments complying with AS/NZS 4602.
9 9 Stop/Slow Bat 18. The STOP/SLOW bat is a double-sided hand held sign with a STOP banner (R6-8) on one side and a SLOW banner (T7-1) on the other. The banner size must be 450 or 600mm in diameter. The STOP banner comprises a white Class 1 Retroreflective legend and border with a red Class 1 Retroreflective background. The SLOW banner has a black legend and border with a yellow Class 1 Retroreflective background. The banner faces are shown below: STOP SLOW R6-8 T Traffic control bats should be clean and in good repair. Damaged or defaced banners or bats should be repaired or replaced promptly. Control of Approach Speed 20. Except in emergency situations, the approach speed of traffic in advance of the traffic controller s position must be no more than 60 km/h.
10 10 The Law and the Traffic Controller 21. The traffic controller has no power at law. The legal authority does not rest with the person, but with the STOP sign when it is displayed to drivers. 22. While engaged in construction or maintenance work and when operating a STOP/SLOW bat, the traffic controller is empowered to stop vehicles by displaying a STOP sign. The driver is required to stop the vehicle before reaching the sign and as near as practicable to the sign. The driver must not proceed beyond the sign while it is displayed in the drivers direction. The law in this regard only applies to the STOP sign, which is regulatory in nature, and not to the SLOW sign, which is an advisory sign and only used for guidance. 23. Under Victorian law, traffic controllers have no authority to control or direct traffic by hand signals alone or by giving oral instructions to vehicle drivers; the control method is use of the STOP sign. Hand signals by the traffic controller only enhance the use of the STOP/SLOW bat. 24. If an offence occurs, such as a vehicle failing to stop after a traffic controller has displayed the STOP sign, the controller should not attempt to stop the vehicle. The traffic controller should immediately attempt to warn the workers ahead and then if possible write down the registration number, body type, colour, and make of the vehicle, the time, date and location of the offence, and pass this on to the
11 11 supervisor. The supervisor is required to pass on the information without delay directly to the Victoria Police for processing. 25. A typical reporting form is available in this handbook, and should be carried by traffic controllers during operations. Controlling Traffic 26. There are four important conditions that must be in place prior to the traffic controller commencing work with the Stop/Slow bat. The maximum speed allowable for approaching traffic is 60 km/h; The traffic controller must have an escape path; The traffic controller should be separated from the worksite by 30 metres or more; The traffic controller must have a sight distance to the approaching traffic of more than 1½ times the approach speed of the traffic to enable adequate braking distance for the slowing traffic (eg. if approach speeds are 80 km/h then the traffic controller should be able to see 120 m along the road). 27. Prior to stopping traffic, the traffic controller should stand on the kerb or shoulder, clear of the travelled path. It may not always be possible to have in view the worksite due to site conditions but the traffic controller must be in clear view of the oncoming traffic.
12 To stop traffic, the traffic controller should watch for a suitable gap in the traffic. The STOP bat should then be extended high over the carriageway at an angle of approximately 45o so that the STOP banner is facing approaching traffic. After ensuring all traffic has stopped, and with the bat extended and STOP banner clearly visible to approaching traffic, the traffic controller may step onto the carriageway and walk confidently to a position in front of the driver with the palm of the free hand indicating the STOP gesture (refer to Figure 1). 29. The traffic controller should maintain a vigilant watch of the traffic but not take any posture that could be construed as intimidating or distracting. 30. If the traffic controller has stopped a large vehicle and visibility to approaching traffic is obscured, the traffic controller should project the Stop/Slow bat out past the stationary vehicle for other drivers to see as they slow to a stop. 31. At the conclusion of the stopped period, to allow traffic to proceed, the traffic controller must check that the road ahead is clear, move over to the side of the road, then turn the bat to display the SLOW banner to the traffic, and with the free hand give the TO GO gesture with a deliberate motion across the body (refer to Figure 2).
13 13 STOP SLOW TO STOP TO GO Figure 1: TO STOP SLOW Figure 2: TO GO TO SLOW Figure 3: TO SLOW 32. To slow traffic, the traffic controller should display the SLOW banner of the bat, face the traffic, extend the free arm and give the TO SLOW gesture (refer to Figure 3).
14 When in use, the STOP/SLOW bat should be held so that the sign is clearly visible to approaching traffic. 34. The key instructions to remember when controlling traffic are: a. Be visible to the road user; b. Do not stand on the carriageway until approaching traffic has stopped; c. Do not turn your back to traffic; d. Give clear instructions to road users; and e. Always have a clear escape path. 35. Traffic controllers should be relieved from duty after not more than two hours, for a period of rest or other duties of at least 15 minutes. Note: Model instructions for the establishment of manual traffic control and for the training of a traffic controller are detailed in Appendix C of AS
15 15 Signs 36. Worksite signing must be placed in accordance with the Traffic Management Plan which should comply with the Victorian Worksite Safety Traffic Management Code of Practice and Australian Standard (2009) - Traffic Control Devices for Works on Roads. 37. The traffic controller symbolic (T1-34) sign and the Prepare to Stop (T1-18) sign must be in place facing approaching traffic while traffic control is underway. Figure 4 (on page 16) shows the format for typical advance signing for a traffic controller. 38. It is the responsibility of the traffic controller to ensure these signs are in place while controlling traffic and are removed immediately after traffic control has finished. 39. The positioning of the signs will vary depending on the traffic approach speed and must comply with the Traffic Management Plan (TMP). 40. For heavily trafficked or multi-lane roads, signs must be placed on both sides of the carriageway. 41. The symbolic Traffic Controller sign must be a black symbol on a fluorescent orange background. The Prepare to Stop sign must be a white legend on a red background. All signs must be Class 1 retroreflective.
16 16 Work Area 30 metres minimum STOP as per TMP PREPARE TO STOP Note: The Traffic Management Plan (TMP) may require additional signs. Figure 4: Advance Signing for Traffic Controller
17 17 Locating the Traffic Controller 42. The traffic controller should be positioned approximately 30 m in advance of the work area. The distance should be sufficient to separate the controller from the works, but also allow the controller to converse with the workers regarding traffic flow requirements. If a vehicle proceeds beyond the STOP sign, there should be some additional space for it to stop before the work area. 43. The traffic controller should stand facing the traffic from a position outside the travelled path so that approaching traffic can see the controller from at least 1½ times the approach speed of the traffic. 44. Where sight distance is limited and/or traffic volumes are high it may be necessary to use a second controller in advance of the traffic control position to slow down or stop traffic approaching the end of the queue. 45. Where multiple traffic controllers are employed and they do not have line-of-sight to each other, radio contact or an intermediate communicator must be used. 46. Traffic controllers must always stand in a position so that a clear escape path is available. Traffic controllers should never turn their backs to traffic.
18 When traffic has stopped under a STOP banner instruction, the traffic controller may change position so as to be clearly visible to traffic further along the approach road. The traffic controller should, however, always stay at the head of the traffic queue and not permit other persons to gather at his or her position. The traffic controller must be mindful to ensure a clear escape is available for any new position assumed. 48. The traffic controller should not obstruct road users view of signs, nor should they be obscured by signs when viewed by approaching traffic. 49. The visibility of a traffic controller to motorists can be affected by the position of the sun, the background conditions (including lighting), the location of the controller in shade or darkened areas, or by oncoming headlight illumination. These factors should be considered when positioning a traffic controller. 50. For sprayed bituminous surfacing works, the location of the traffic controller may be varied to suit the different traffic flows that often develop in this operation. Prior to work commencing, it is essential that the traffic controller and the supervisor decide the appropriate location and procedures for this operation.
19 The following diagrams illustrate the use of One Traffic Controller and Two Traffic Controllers under various traffic conditions. No approaching traffic Traffic approaching has right of way at all times Work Area Work Area Allow traffic in obstructed lane to proceed - after checking travel path is clear STOP traffic in obstructed lane Figure 5a & 5b: Using One Traffic Controller
20 20 2 Confirm no approaching traffic Work Area 3 Traffic clear to proceed after checking travel path is clear 1 Traffic has passed Figure 5c: Using One Traffic Controller
21 21 Work Area The controller displaying SLOW has control of the site Make sure other bat is on STOP and that travel path is clear before allowing traffic to proceed Figure 6a: Using Two Traffic Controllers
22 22 2 Traffic has passed Traffic clear to proceed 4 3 This traffic controller then turns bat from STOP to SLOW after confirming other bat on STOP Work Area 1 Turn to STOP when last vehicle in obstructed lane has passed or there is a gap in traffic Figure 6b: Using Two Traffic Controllers
23 23 Advance Signing on Curves/Crests 52. Sight and stopping distance are important near crests or curves where an approaching vehicle does not have adequate advance warning of the approaching works to safely stop at the end of the queue. 53. Traffic controllers should stand where they can see both ends of the work area and must be able to see approaching vehicles for a distance of at least one and half times the speed limit in metres (e.g. if the speed limit is 60 km/h, the traffic controller should be able to see at least 90m). 54. If the sight distance is inadequate before approaching the worksite, consideration should be given to: a. lowering the speed limit, or b. erecting additional advance warning signs, or c. using an additional traffic controller at the end of the queue. Railway Crossings 55. Railway crossings differ from road intersections as trains always have the right of way, and are unable to stop quickly. Therefore, special care must be taken when directing traffic in locations adjacent to railway crossings.
24 Generally drivers will follow directions from traffic controllers when they contradict other signals, signs or control devices on the road. Special care must be taken at railway crossings to ensure that traffic is not directed through flashing railway crossing signals, that traffic queues do not extend across railway crossings and that traffic is not directed through STOP or GIVE WAY signs requiring vehicles to stop or give way to approaching trains. 57. No work within 3 m of a railway crossing may be undertaken without prior approval from the relevant Rail Authority, except in an emergency in which case notification should be provided to the Rail Authority as early as reasonably practical. All works at rail crossings must be undertaken with a Railsafe Supervisor present to monitor and manage the rail crossing and rail movements. 58. Where a railway crossing exists within a section of road being controlled by a traffic controller, a flag person accredited by the relevant Rail Authority must be stationed at the traffic stop line of the railway crossing, or at least 3 m from the nearest rail. The flag person must be equipped with a two way radio to watch for trains and advise the other traffic controllers to stop traffic in time for train movements through the crossing. The flag person must also be an accredited traffic controller.
25 If the section of road under traffic control is near but not traversing the railway crossing, within the distances in the following table, a flag person must be stationed at the railway crossing. The flag person must be located on the same side of the crossing as the works and related traffic control, at the traffic stop line or at least 3 m from the nearest rail. Speed Limit (km/h) Distance from Railway (m) < > Traffic controllers stationed at railway crossings are required to be equipped with a hand-held STOP/ SLOW bat which has the rear SLOW banner covered. This is to prevent vehicles approaching the railway crossing from the opposite direction following the SLOW instruction and ignoring other signs or flashing signals. 61. Traffic controllers must ensure that stopped vehicles do not queue back over a railway crossing. If there is a chance of this happening, vehicles must be stopped on the approach to the railway crossing. 62. Traffic controllers and all other personnel working within 10 m of any railway crossing must wear a high visibility garment that complies with AS/NZS and AS/NZS 4602.
26 26 Behaviour and Attitude 63. Only personnel who can reasonably deal with the travelling public should be selected as traffic controllers. They should have a sound temperament and not allow themselves to be provoked by members of the public. By exercising restraint they will gain more respect. 64. Correct appearance, behaviour and attitude are essential so that motorists will recognise traffic controllers as a form of authority and will react accordingly. 65. A disinterested controller with a slovenly appearance and manner will create a bad impression to the travelling public. Traffic controllers must not attempt to control traffic while seated and should hold the traffic bat erect and not hold it upside down while giving hand signals. Traffic controllers must ensure that the signing on the approach to the job gives a timely and accurate warning of the situation facing drivers. If this is not the case, drivers may ignore the controller putting themselves and workers at greater risk. Safety 66. The traffic controller is required to be alert while acting in an official capacity. In addition to looking after their own safety and that of the road workers in
27 27 a hazardous environment, traffic controllers have the responsibility of ensuring the safety of the travelling public, including pedestrians through or around the works area. 67. For these reasons, only competent persons should be appointed as traffic controllers. 68. A potential hazard confronting the traffic controller is a vehicle that fails to stop, or fails to slow down. Interpretation of the SLOW sign means many things to different motorists and traffic controllers should not assume that motorists will reduce their speed to a speed consistent with the level of safety desired at the worksite. 69. Caution should also be exercised when standing close to the path travelled by vehicles, as protruding loads can present a hazard, especially if part of the load on the vehicle has moved without the driver s knowledge. 70. The traffic controller should remain standing at all times while carrying out their duties. This ensures the traffic controller is not unduly restricted if there is a need for evasive action. 71. Traffic controllers should be mindful to never turn their backs to traffic and to always maintain an escape path.
28 28 Reduced Visibility 72. Traffic controllers and supervisors should be aware of the dangers faced by road workers as a result of reduced visibility. Reduced visibility on roads can be caused by dust, heavy rain, fog or smoke. At 60km/h, the stopping distance for an average car is 90m assuming level road and reasonable pavement. In situations where visibility is reduced to less than these distances, additional care must be taken by traffic controllers to ensure the safety of themselves and road users. 73. Where supervisors have a degree of control over the cause of reduced visibility, such as site-generated dust or burn off, appropriate steps should be taken to avoid the creation of a hazard, or to control the hazard to ensure the safety of road workers. Where there are factors outside the control of the supervisor, such as fog, heavy rain, or bushfires, the supervisor should review the need for the work to be started or continued until visibility conditions have improved. Use of Radio 74. Situations can arise at worksites where traffic controllers may need to use radios to ensure adequate communication over long work lengths, or due to limited sight distances.
29 If the work is to occur over a long period of time, the capacity of the battery in the radio should be carefully monitored. When using hand-held radios, traffic controllers should ensure that the standard of hand signals in support of the STOP/SLOW bat is not adversely affected. 76. A neck or shoulder strap, attached to the radio, should be used to maintain a free hand for signalling. 77. It is not recommended to use two-way radios operating on CB (citizen band) frequencies, as interruptions or interference may be caused by other operators using the same frequency. Supervisor s Responsibility 78. Supervisory personnel on works requiring a traffic guidance scheme should ensure that signs and devices do not direct the travelling public to disobey a law unless a traffic controller is present to direct traffic. 79. Supervisors should ensure that traffic controllers are courteous to the travelling public. They should also ensure that the personnel assigned to place, maintain and remove signs and devices are aware of their responsibilities and that traffic controllers are informed of their duties. 80. Where lengthy delays are caused by works or plant breakdown, the supervisor should inform the traffic controller of the delay and give an estimated time to be relayed to the public.
30 30 Controlling Traffic at Night 81. Under dry conditions, traffic controllers are to wear a day/night high visibility garment conforming to the specifications of AS/NZ Where additional conspicuity is required, white combination overalls fitted with silver retroreflective material should be worn. In wet conditions, wet weather clothing should not obscure the high-visibility garment required above to ensure conspicuity of the traffic controller. 82. Methods for the use of a luminous wand for nighttime traffic control are shown in Figure 7. STOP SLOW TO STOP TO SLOW SLOW TO GO Figure 7: Use of Luminous Wand for Night-time Traffic Control
31 31 Response to Crashes at the Worksite 83. In the event of a crash occurring at the worksite, the traffic controller s primary responsibility is to maintain control of the traffic for the protection of the workers and the public. 84. Assistance to those involved should be provided while steps are taken to notify appropriate emergency authorities such as police, ambulance and fire brigade. Names and addresses of witnesses should be obtained when it is safe to do so. Traffic Control in Emergency Situations 85. In situations where the works are due to an emergency (i.e. the works are required due to risks to public health and safety), the worksite initial set up should be in accordance with a generic Traffic Management Plan (TMP) or Safe Operating Procedure (SOP) as best meets the requirements of the situation. 86. During initial set up, some signs including advance signs or speed reduction signs may not be possible to deploy due to the emergency situation. If the emergency situation continues and traffic control operates more than 2 hours, then all advance signs and devices must be in place. 87. The supervisor responsible for traffic management at the emergency or incident location must notify the relevant road authority as soon as possible.
32 32 Conclusion 88. Adherence to the procedures outlined in this handbook should ensure safe and efficient control of traffic by traffic controllers using the STOP/ SLOW bat. The aim and responsibility of the traffic controller is to ensure the safety of all workers and road users while allowing works to proceed, and at the same time minimising the delays to traffic. 89. The instructions in this handbook are a guide to the responsibilities, appropriate dress and behaviour of traffic controllers. However, following the instructions in this handbook alone are not sufficient to allow a person to safely control traffic. Any person who undertakes traffic control must first complete a Traffic Controller s Course and carry a valid Traffic Controller s Statement of Attainment. Annexes Road Safety Road Rules Hand-held stop signs (1) A driver approaching a hand-held stop sign must stop before reaching the sign. Penalty: In the case of a bicycle, 5 penalty units; In the case of any other vehicles, 10 penalty units.
33 33 (2) The driver must not proceed until the holder of the sign: (a) No longer displays the sign towards the driver; or (b) Otherwise indicates that the driver may proceed. Penalty: In the case of a bicycle, 5 penalty units; In the case of any other vehicle, 10 penalty units. (3) This rule does not apply to a driver approaching or at a hand-held stop sign at a children s crossing. Note Rule 80 defines children s crossing, and deals with hand-held stop signs at children s crossings. Summary of Traffic Controller Instructions Stand on the kerb or road shoulder with a clear view of the approaching traffic and if possible a view of the worksite. Wait for a suitable break in traffic before attempting to stop vehicles. When a suitable break is found, extend the bat across the carriageway at an angle of 45 o, with the STOP banner facing the approaching traffic as well as using the STOP hand signal. When approaching traffic has stopped, and if required, move from the kerb or road shoulder to the centre of the carriageway with the bat still extended 45 o. When it is clear to move the traffic on, the traffic controller should walk off the carriageway the same way as they walked on.
34 34 When safely back on the kerb or road shoulder, turn the bat so that the SLOW banner is facing the vehicle queue, and indicate to the first driver to proceed using TO GO motion hand signal. Key Points At all times, the traffic controller should: a. Be more than 30 m from the worksite; b. Be visible to the road user; c. Not move onto the carriageway until approaching traffic has stopped; d. Not turn their back to traffic; e. Give clear instructions to road users; and f. Always have a clear escape path. Traffic Controller Restrictions The traffic controller must not: a. Work where approach speeds of traffic are more than 60 km/h; b. Give hand signals without the STOP/SLOW bat; c. Give oral instructions to motorists; d. Demand motorist s names and addresses; e. Direct motorists through red traffic lights; Where there is a need to control tram traffic, the tram operator must be advised. At railway level crossings, workers must not work within 3m of the nearest rail unless under the direction of a person from the Railsafe Supervisor.
35 35 Report by Traffic Controller Registration Number Body Type Body Colour Model of Vehicle Offence Time Date am/pm / / Location Direction of Travel Weather Conditions Remarks Controller (Print Name) Controller (Signature) Date of Report Region/Project / / Patrol Gang This report may be submitted to Victoria Police.
36 For further information please phone or visit vicroads.vic.gov.au VRPIN00890/ Printed on ENVI Australian made carbon-neutral paper. keeping victorians connected
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Offence Code Offence Wording Offence Endorsable Offence Points 5008001 Jay Walking 0 5008007 Breach of Signal Given by a Constable 5008008 Failing to stop for Police 0 5008013 Excess Speed 5008019 Driving
1 This General Guide provides information on how to manage traffic risks at a workplace. It is supported by specific guidance material on traffic management for shopping centres, construction workplaces,
Release: 1 RIIOHS302A Implement traffic management plan RIIOHS302A Implement traffic management plan Modification History Not applicable. Unit Descriptor This unit covers the competency required to implement
CHAPTER 2 TRAFFIC SIGNS AND HIGHWAY MARKINGS This chapter summarizes traffic signs, signals and road markings that control the flow of traffic, making streets and highways safer for motorists, bicyclists
TASMANIAN ROAD RULES Version 9 November 2012 This book has road rules and information for car drivers and motorcycle riders If you re going to drive a heavy vehicle, you can get the Tasmanian Heavy Vehicle
Credit: ThinkStock SAME ROADS SAME RULES SAME RIGHTS AAA S GUIDE TO A SAFE BIKE RIDE DRIVING A BICYCLE Yes, bicyclists MUST drive their bicycles in the same manner that motorists drive their cars. Most
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THE BICYCLIST S 1 the bicyclist s survival guide ride safely. the way to go. 2 Here, s to you, Oregon riders! You, ve been rolling for longer than you, ve been walking, so it, s no wonder you feel right
Reference Guide to Work Zone Traffic Control Texas Engineering Extension Service (TEEX) Infrastructure Training & Safety Institute (ITSI) Material in this guide is largely extracted from the March, 2006
Bike Laws: Massachusetts Do you know your rights of the road? Do you know what your responsibilities are when biking in Massachusetts? Here is a summary of Massachusetts bike law that covers equipment,
Document No. 37 / 19 / 01 Issue Date 20 / 8 / 2002 POLICY FOR THE INSTALLATION OF BICYCLE PAVEMENT SYMBOLS ON CARRIAGEWAYS This document is owned and authorised by the Executive Director Road Network Services.
1 of 8 level: 3 credit: 4 planned review date: October 2008 sub-field: purpose: Highway Construction and Maintenance This unit standard is for people who may be appointed, subject to guidance and monitoring
NATIONAL HIGHWAYS AUTHORITY OF INDIA (Ministry of Road Transport & Highways) Government of India SIX LANING OF CHANDIKHOLE JAGATPUR BHUBANESWAR SECTION OF NH-5 FROM KM 414.000 TO 419.000 AND FROM KM 0.000
Full Licence Test guide (class 1) Roads Corporation (VicRoads) 2008 September 2012 ISBN 978-0-478-39412-2 (online) ISBN 978-0-478-39411-5 (print) Copyright information This publication is copyright Roads
SAFE CYCLING GUIDE 7th Edition BEFORE SETTING OUT A Check tire pressure B Check that the chain does not slip C Check the brakes D Check lights and reflectors: 1 A WELL-MAINTAINED BICYCLE is key 3 4 5 Adjust
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FIRE SERVICE USE OF HIGH VISIBILITY APPAREL Answers to Frequently Asked Questions 1. Why is there a lot of current attention to fire fighter use of high visibility vests? On November 24, 2008, a new federal
USING THE MOBILE PHONE WHILE DRIVING Is it dangerous to use the phone while driving? Driving is a complex task, requiring drivers to use and coordinate a number of skills. Any lapse in concentration increases
12 & 15- Passenger Van Defensive Driver Training NHTS-national Highway Traffic Safety Administration Recognizes that 12-15 passenger vans (include driver) are similar type vehicle and offer the same hazards
TM Model Fleet Safety Program Short CORPORATE HEADQUARTERS 518 EAST BROAD STREET COLUMBUS, OHIO 43215 614.464.5000 STATEAUTO.COM TM Disclaimer: The information contained in this publication was obtained
1. OVERVIEW The Flinders Ranges Council as part of its commitment under its Hazardous Work Policy, recognises its obligation to eliminate so far as is reasonably practicable or, where that is not reasonably
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211 CMR: DIVISION OF INSURANCE 21 APPENDIX A: TRAFFIC LAW VIOLATIONS The following abbreviations are used in Appendix A: "M.G.L. c., ", " CMR ", Chapter and Section of the Massachusetts General Laws Code
11 signs, signals and road markings This chapter is a handy reference section that gives examples of the most common signs, signals and road markings that keep traffic organized and flowing smoothly. What
Version: 1.9.2014 South Australia Australian Road Rules under the Road Traffic Act 1961 Contents Reader's Guide Part 1 Introductory Division 1 General 1 Citation 2 Commencement 3 Object of the Australian
SAFE CYCLING GUIDE 6th Edition BEFORE SETTING OUT A WELL-MAINTAINED BICYCLE is key A Check tire pressure B Check that the chain does not slip C Check the brakes D Check lights and reflectors: 3 4 1 5 2
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Document Name: Driving Skills Date Created: 8 October 2013 Date Reviewed: 4 February 2014 Date Approved: 29 July 2015 Purpose: To outline necessary driving skills required to maximize driving safety. Overview:
For Employers Driving at Work Policy Road Safety You may already have a driving for work policy within your health and safety policy or as a separate document. If you do, it may be useful to check that
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Load pilot driver code NZ Transport Agency First published May 2003, revised August 2012 ISBN 978-0-478-33447-0 (print) ISBN 978-0-478-33448-7 (online) Copyright information Copyright NZ Transport Agency
1 Table of Contents Introduction 2 Traffic Control Devices (Signs, Channelizing Devices, Lighting Devices, Pavement Markings) 2-7 Five Parts of a Traffic Control Zone 8 Buffer Space Guidance 9 Taper Length
One Final Note... It is against the law to ride a bicycle under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. (21200.0 VC) Bicycle Riding WHAT ARE the CALIFORNIA HIGHWAY PATROL CHP 909 (12/11) OPI 013 94 75015
The following abbreviations are used in Appendix C: M.G.L. c., Chapter and Section of the Massachusetts General Laws CMR Code of Massachusetts Regulations The following out-of-state incidents are to be
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INTERIM ADVICE NOTE 65/05 DESIGN OF VEHICLE RECOVERY OPERATIONS AT ROAD WORKS The Purpose of this document is to provide the Project Sponsor / Designer with comprehensive guidance on the range of issues
6: LANE POSITIONS, TURNING, & PASSING BASIC LANE POSITIONS Traffic law says that slower vehicles should stay to the right. But where exactly should bicycles ride? Here are some basics. Never Ride Against
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PERFORMANCE ACTIVITY 408 TREE REMOVAL WORK DESCRIPTION 1 WORK DESCRIPTION 2 Fallen Tree Standing Tree 408 TREE REMOVAL ACTIVITY DESCRIPTION Cut and remove tree as necessary. WORK DESCRIPTION 1 Fallen Tree
Texas Bicycle Laws These "rules of the road" are based on Texas Transportation Code statutes. Find the complete bicycle code at the bottom of the page Bicyclists have the rights and duties of other vehicle