1 Rete del Sistema Informativo Nazionale Ambientale ICT components for a Shared Environmental Information System State of play in Italy June 2009 Contribution to Deliverable no. D.2.3 State-of-Play report on national environmental information systems and services This report is produced by ISPRA in the frame of NESIS Grant Agreement A Network to enhance a European Environmental Shared and Interoperable Information System ICT PSP Grant Agreement No
2 Page 2 of 32 Report meta-information Title ICT components for a Shared Environmental Information System. State of Play in Italy Creator Claudio Maricchiolo, Michele Munafò, ISPRA Date Issued 12 June 2009 Subject ICT Component for SEIS-National State of Play Publisher NESIS Description This report is summarizing the status of the ICT components that will contribute to the development of SEIS in Italy Contributor Cristian Di Stefano, Nico Bonora, Valter Sambucini, Roberta Vinciguerra Format MS Word 2000 Audience NESIS and SEIS stakeholders Identifier Language EN Coverage N.A. Version Date Modified by Comments number /12/2008 Claudio Maricchiolo First version /06/2009 Valter Sambucini Integration to the text
3 Page 3 of 32 Executive summary This report summarises the status of the ICT components in place in Italy pertaining to the Italian Environmental Information System (SINA). the principal pillars of SINAnet are described: the partnership, the infrastructures, the content, product and services. In light of the implementation of SEIS principles, emphasis is given to the Information and Communication Technology aspects; example of best practices in this field are also provided.
4 Page 4 of 32 Table of Contents EXECUTIVE SUMMARY... 3 TABLE OF CONTENTS... 4 ABBREVIATIONS AND ACRONYMS INTRODUCTION DETAILS OF THE SEIS RELATED ACTIVITIES AND COMPONENTS ORGANISATION OF THE TECHNICAL WORK OVERVIEW OF SEIS RELATED ACTIVITIES DATA AND INFORMATION FLOWS INFRASTRUCTURE AND SYSTEMS USE OF STANDARDS OBSTACLES PRIORITIES FOR SEIS GOOD PRACTICES ANNEXES LIST OF ADDRESSES / CONTACTS FOR ITALY LIST OF REFERENCES FOR ITALY LIST OF EXISTING SYSTEMS AND APPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENTAL REPORTING AND DATA/INFORMATION EXCHANGE WITHIN NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF ITALY LIST OF TECHNOLOGIES AND STANDARDS APPLIED WITHIN NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEM OF ITALY... 31
5 Page 5 of 32 Abbreviations and acronyms APPA ARPA CDS CMS CNIPA DPSIR EEA EIOnet ER GEMET GIS ISPRA ISTAT IT&C MAIS MATTM MDIAR NTC PFR SDI SEIS SINA SINAnet SIRA URP WFD WISE XML Autonomous Province Environmental Protection Agency Regional Environmental Protection Agency Catalogue of Data Sources Content Management System Centro Nazionale per l Informatica nella Pubblica Amministrazione Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) European Environment Agency European Environmental Information and Observation Network Entity Relationship GEneral Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus Geographical Information System Istituto Superiore per la Protezione e Ricerca Ambientale Istituto Nazionale di Statistica Information Technology & Communication Spatial Information Access Module Ministero dell Ambiente e della Tutela del Territorio e del Mare Monitoring-Data-Information-Assessment-Reporting National Topic Centre Regional Focal Point (Punto Focale Regionale) Spatial Data Infrastructure Shared Environmental Information System Sistema Informativo Nazionale Ambientale Rete del Sistema Informativo Nazionale Ambientale Regional environmental information system Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico Water Framework Directive Water Information System for Europe extensible Markup Language
6 Page 6 of 32 1 Introduction The data and information in this report have been collected in occasion of ad-hoc seminars and plenary meetings of SINAnet, the Italian network of Environmental Information System in the last few years. The latest update results from the SEIS Country Visit of EEA Representatives to Italy (Torino, September 2008).
7 Page 7 of 32 2 Details of the SEIS related activities and components 2.1 Organisation of the technical work The Italian Environmental Information and Monitoring System (SINA) is a nationwide cooperating network among the main institutions having competences on environmental data acquisition and management. The scope of SINA is: to provide policy makers with high quality, relevant and timely data/information on state of environment and trends; to ensure public access to data/information; and to promote integration of environmental concern into policy cycle. The main objectives of SINA are to develop a sound understanding of environmental phenomena based on the following frameworks: MDIAR (Monitoring-Data-Information-Assessment-Reporting) chain, and DPSIR (Driver-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) indicators. Reporting Assessment Drivers e.g. Industry & Transport Responses e.g. Clean production, Public transport, Regulations, Taxes Information etc. Information Data Monitoring Pressures e.g. Polluting emissions State Impact e.g. Air, Water, Soil quality e.g. Ill health, Biodiversity loss, Economic damage The architecture of SINA network (SINAnet) resembles the EEA/EIOnet model, in order to attain the following objectives: to take advantage of experiences, organisational and technical concepts, standards and tools developed in EIOnet framework; to promote the Italian participation in European initiatives aiming at building an effective European environmental information system; to ensure a better integration between the European environmental information system and the Italian one, thus streamlining data flow between European and Italian Systems. SINAnet is based on the following nodes: the National Module, operated by ISPRA; the Regional Focal Points (PFR); the Environmental Protection Agencies (ARPA/APPA) ; the Main Reference Institution (e.g. Universities, Research Centres, National Institute of Statistics, River Basin Authorities, etc.). Acting as the Italian front-end organisation for EEA/EIOnet (i.e. the Italian National Focal Point and the National Reference Centres), ISPRA ensures a seamless connection of SINA and Regional environmental information systems (SIRA) to the European information and observation system. also promoting interaction with other environment related information systems.
8 Page 8 of 32 A plot of the governance of SINA is shown in the following figure. SINA The Governance Min. Environment EEA MB Inspire FP Regional Env. Dept. Aut. Prov. Env. Dept. (Ispra, Miur, Istat, Cnipa) Ispra Gen.l Coordination Nat.l Module Nfp & Nrc EIOnet Governmental level Tavolo SINA Operational level Relevant networks Comitato regole tecniche Dati territoriali PA (Cnipa) Sistema statistico nazionale (Istat) Health Info Sys Regions / Aut. Prov. R. Focal Point Arpa/Appa R. Focal Point Env.l Monitoring (formerly Nat.l Topic Centres) Univers., Research Centres (formerly Nat.l Topic Centres) SINAnet EIOnet-IT Centro Interreg. Sist. Info, Geo e Statistici (Cisis) Figure 1 - The governance of SINAnet The list of principal partner organizations contributing to the operation of SINA, who are involved in data collection and data management for environmental monitoring and reporting, is provided in the following Table 1. Table 1 - SINAnet partnership NAME PUBLIC AUTHORITY LEVEL SECTOR MATTM PA National Env. ISPRA PA National Env. monitoring & Regione PA Regional Env. Piemonte ARPA Piemonte PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione PA Regional Env. Lombardia ARPA Lombardia PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Valle PA Regional Env. d Aosta ARPA Valle PA Regional Env. monitoring & d Aosta Regione Friuli V. G. PA Regional Env. ROLE EEA/MB, INSPIRE Focal Point, National Module, NFP, NRC, PFR WG member WG member PFR, WG member
9 NAME PUBLIC AUTHORITY LEVEL SECTOR ARPA Friuli V. G. PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione PA Regional Env. Basilicata ARPA Basilicata PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Umbria PA Regional Env. ARPA Umbria PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Lazio PA Regional Env. ARPA Lazio PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Marche PA Regional Env. ARPA Marche PA Regional Env. monitoring & Provincia Autonoma di Trento PA Regional Env. APPA Trento PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Abruzzo PA Regional Env. ARTA Abruzzo PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Emilia PA Regional Env. Romagna ARPA E. PA Regional Env. monitoring & Romagna Regione Liguria PA Regional Env. ARPA Liguria PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Calabria PA Regional Env. ARPA Calabria PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione PA Regional Env. Sardegna ARPA Sardegna PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Toscana PA Regional Env. ARPA Toscana PA Regional Env. monitoring & Provincia PA Regional Env. Autonoma di Bolzano APPA Bolzano PA Regional Env. monitoring & Regione Veneto PA Regional Env. ROLE Page 9 of 32 PFR, WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member, PFR WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member, PFR WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member PFR, WG member
10 Page 10 of 32 NAME PUBLIC SECTOR ROLE AUTHORITY LEVEL ARPA Veneto PA Regional Env. monitoring & PFR, WG member Regione Siciliana PA Regional Env. ARPA Sicilia PA Regional Env. monitoring & PFR, WG member Regione PA Regional Env. Campania ARPA Campania PA Regional Env. monitoring & PFR, WG member Regione Molise PA Regional Env. ARPA Molise PA Regional Env. monitoring & PFR, WG member Regione Puglia PA Regional Env., PFR ARPA Puglia PA Regional Env. monitoring & WG member MIUR PA National Research GMES National Contact Point ISTAT PA National Social & Economics Statistical network CNIPA PA National IT&C Technical Committee for the implementation of INSPIRE rules CISIS PA Regional IT&C, GIS Interregional Coordination Centre In the overall organizational set-up pertaining to the environmental policy area, the nodes of SINA network ensures access to environmental data and information to the public through: websites, URP access offices (URP Ufficio Relazioni con il Pubblico), consultations, conferences. The Italian network meets in plenary three times a year; technical working groups are established on voluntary basis to address specific topics. Organisation of or participation in conferences and launch events of special products and services are intended to raising environmental awareness, as well as promoting stakeholders participation. SINA strategy and implementation projects are based on the SINA Development Programme approved in 2001 by the Permanent Conference among State, Regions and Autonomous Provinces, where objectives, architecture, main players and start-up funding were established. Since then, most of the budget for financing operation and development of SINA has been made available by each network component (i.e. ISPRA and PFRs), as part of the yearly institutional budget; co-financing may arise from different European sources, e.g. structural funds, research programmes and so on. Although a specific SEIS Implementation Plan has not been adopted yet, SEIS components are being developed as part of different multi-annual Subventions signed between ISPRA and MATTM.
11 Page 11 of Overview of SEIS related activities Since 1999, SINAnet has promoted and carried out analyses regarding data/information reporting obligations and related technical aspects. Among others, the air quality field represents the first pilot of raw data-to-reporting scheme ; the data providers community, research organisations and EPA s network were all involved in streamlining the entire MDIAR chain, making the best use of IT tools. BRACE system (the Italian Air quality reporting system) was developed by the National Topic Centre on Air and Climate Change, an ad-hoc Consortium of EPAs and thematic IPRs financed by ISPRA for supporting the development of thematic data/information standards necessary to harmonize data collection, processing and reporting procedures. Besides the Air quality topic, five NTCs were established on water, soil, waste & contaminated sites, ionising and non-ionising radiations, nature conservation and bio-diversity. This experience proved to be very effective in promoting a common understanding of environmental information systems building blocks, at the same time developing relevant IT&C infrastructures and standards. The SINAnet National Topic Centres lasted until 2004, when a different arrangement of technical WGs were established within the EPAs system; these groups were discontinued in In the last few years, progresses have been made mostly in the following fields: in the frame of WFD implementation, the Italian component of WISE is being built as the new generation dataflow system, integrating diverse reporting obligations pertaining to water (quality, quantity, pressure, responses ). Near-real-time monitoring of tropospheric ozone concentration is a pilot project for new type of decentralized data information systems. Both projects are part of SEIS Implementation Plan adopted by EEA/EIOnet, as quick win or technical pilot projects. Besides these two, SINAnet has declared interest in participating in other projects concerning air emissions, land cover, integrated, Reportnet enhancement, interlinkages between SEIS and INSPIRE/GMES. Integration between SEIS and INSPIRE looks very promising as regards the process for setting rules of metadata, catalogues, infrastructures and interoperability of systems. At national level, in fact, this process is promoting a close cooperation among MATTM, CNIPA and SINAnet. On the other hand, integration between SEIS and GMES will imply a significant participation of EPAs network, as far as the in-situ component is concerned.
12 Page 12 of Data and information flows Most of data are transmitted electronically and analogue transmission is extremely unusual; however, this does not imply that different systems are connected and interoperable yet. Moreover, several electronic data flows are not standardized and are collected by or no-structured format. Great effort should be done to connect and integrate different data flows and to implement common reference databases. The major data sources, derived from monitoring network and in-situ measurements, are the regional EPAs. Spatial data sets derived from cartographic authorities in Italy at national and regional level and, sometimes, are acquired from private sector. Spatial data are obtained also from earth observation activities. PFRs are the main data sources at the regional level and are in charge of collecting, documenting and making available environmental data through the SINA network. ISTAT, the National Institute of Statistics is in charge for national statistics data and cooperate with ISPRA and other organizations within the SISTAN, the Italian Statistics System. A large part of data sources has metadata managed directly from the main data sources, the PFRs, who have usually regional catalogues of metadata and replicate a subset of information, relevant at national level, on the SINAnet catalogue of data sources (FONTI). The national catalogue is available with different access policy and to public through the SINAnet portal (www.sinanet.apat.it) as well as to PFRs and main public organizations through the private area (www.fonti.sinanet.apat.it). The project started from EEA initiative and the software is completely open source. It contains geographic data sets, environmental monitoring data sets, documents, tools, projects, people, etc. For classification and indexing (key words), the GEMET (GEneral Multilingual Environmental Thesaurus, is adopted.
13 Page 13 of 32 Figure 2 - Public access to FONTI, the National Catalogue of Data Sources Figure 3 - Managing metadata in FONTI Pilot activities are being developed to permit synchronization of national and regional catalogues and to assure the information flow toward the new National Repository of Metadata between Public Administration. This repository will be managed by CNIPA and will be the main intersectorial catalogue in Italy.
14 Page 14 of 32 Recently, Piedmont Regional Focal Point and ISPRA are testing the share of environmental data and metadata present in each Catalogues through interoperable services. This activity aims at evaluating how much effort is required to assure environmental data and metadata sharing, using INSPIRE compliant national and regional spatial data infrastructures, also assessing the SDI adaptability to the environmental issues. Data models are rarely described by means of UML and have normally ER diagram. Reporting activities will benefit from full implementation of SEIS concept (report once, use many): this, in fact, will streamline the data flows at every level, at the same time reducing the reporting burden to the source level, and improving the overall quality of data and information Only few information flows are automated and SEIS is an important driver to evolve toward the real-time data collection and integration. EEA project Ozoneweb and its extension has been the main initiative concerning near real time environmental data collection in Italy. Its extension, the project Near Real Time Air Quality, is also being developed to assure a national coverage of all air quality components (not only O 3 and PM 10 ) and to implement a common infrastructure to share monitoring data between ISPRA and PFRs. Figure 4 - Air quality monitoring network in Italy
15 Page 15 of 32 Figure 5 Browsing NRT Ozone data Figure 6 - Implementation of Ozoneweb in Italy - Architecture
16 Page 16 of 32 Near Real Time Air Quality Data Sharing Testing Participating Not Participating Figure 7 - Implementation of Ozoneweb in Italy: the participating PFRs Near Real Time Air Quality Web services CSV/FTP & Web services CSV/FTP No Data Sharing Figure 8 - Implementation of Ozoneweb in Italy: data sharing IT used At the moment only few data are shared among different sectors and often duplication and overlapping between different systems arises. Nevertheless spatial information is the more structured and integrated sector and, through MAIS system, the SINAnet spatial data infrastructure, it is possible to share spatial data/information in a multistandard and multiserver platform, within the SINAnet network. More than 200 map services and 500 data layers are published on MAIS. A new data integration system, covering all monitoring data and indicators, is being implemented an will be released during the beginning of 2009.
17 Page 17 of 32 Figure 9 The MAIS website (www.mais.sinanet.apat.it) Figure 10 Spatial Data Infrastructure architecture
18 Page 18 of Infrastructure and systems The architecture of SINAnet described in the SINA Development Plan approved in 2001 is based on the decentralisation of the environmental information system among different nodes. This design assumption was necessary considering the administrative structure of the Country, where 21 Regions and Autonomous Provinces have their own responsibility in most of the environmental related decision-making. For this reason, Italy was among the few front runner Countries participating in the EEA/Eionet who decided to run national data repository by their own; since 1998, ISPRA has been therefore keeping the National Focal Point server under operation, functioning also as data repository for the priority data flows established either by EEA/Eionet and the EU Commission. An update of the SINA Development Plan is underway, taking into account inter alia new EU Directives, Communications, Strategies and research programmes. The objective is to make SINAnet the reference institutional environmental network, bringing together relevant partners, infrastructure, contents products and services. A selection of existing systems and applications for environmental reporting and data/information exchange operated by ISPRA/SINAnet are listed in the following table. Table 2 - Selection of Italian Environmental Information Systems Name/Description of Information System SINAnet main portal SINAnet Catalogue of data sources SINAnet geo-portal (MAIS) Corine Land Cover 2000 project website Enviromental Indicators database National Air quality database (BRACE) Air quality data exchange module (WINAIR) Greenhouse gases authorization register Test site for national air emission inventory database and report Italian Emission Trading System Register European Pollutant Emission Register Italian data URL annuario.apat.it
19 Page 19 of 32 Name/Description of Information System CMS backoffice for EPER National pollen monitoring and information system (RIMA) Climatologic indicators data base (SCIA) National information system on water protection Characteristic data on Italian river water Test site for National Waste Register Test site for National Waste Register Test site for National Waste Register On-line questionnaire on waste (archive) Dioxin monitoring data system Ionising radiations from EMERAD network Ionising and non-ionising radiations Ionising radiations data from EMERAD warning network Good practices for sustainable development URL bo.eper.sinanet.apat.it fiuminazionali.apat.it www1.catastorifiuti.apat.it www2.catastorifiuti.apat.it emergenzadiossina.apat.it Information on environmental agencies network and available analyses Inventory on relevant incident risk industry Ecological Network website E-learning web site CMS backoffice for E-learning Test site for Porta di Dominio (PDD) laboratory bo.fad.apat.it pdd.sinanet.apat.it Access statistics reports more than unique visitors/day for SINAnet portal, and 600 unique visitors/day for the MAIS website. More details on MAIS, the SINAnet geo-portal, are provided below. MAIS was developed in order to permit the SINAnet partner (Regional Focal Points, mainly Regional Environmental Agencies or relevant Authorities with competences on environmental monitoring and information) to publish raster and vector cartography directly within the SINAnet architecture, independently by the
20 Page 20 of 32 kind of service protocol offered and technology used. The shared data, on the INSPIRE principles respect, physically keep remaining on the provider s server without requirement on hardware or software modifications by the provider s information technology. In order to make easier to the users the data recovering, the Catalogue of Data Sources software was interconnected to MAIS. The MAIS and Catalogue combination permits a multiserver and multistandard SDI platform, able to integrate spatial information produced and managed by servers disseminated on the territory in a virtual database and to access to different server typologies. Keeping the above mentioned philosophy on data sharing, significant updating are going to be applied to the SINAnet SDI. Adopting mainly open-source technology, both for the system architecture and services providing, a new system is being renewed, MAIS+, in order to match and converge to the most important worldwide initiatives (INSPIRE, SEIS, GEOSS) as well as Italian laws. MAIS+ reuses European Environment Agency software, it is used by ISPRA and Regional Focal Point of Veneto and it is freely available with an open source licence. The publishing workflow is integrated in the Plone CMS and it is easily customisable in different systems. The main features are the following: Possibility to publish PFRs data within the SINAnet architecture; The data publication does not require HW or SW modifications on the servers of the data providers; The data provider has the whole control of the published data; Each data provider gets the usage statistics of the shared information; Users accessing the SINAnet are able to browse synchronous data coming from different remote servers as, for example, thematic cartography of different regions or comparing regional cartography with the national one; Access to different archive is transparent to the user, who does not distinguish the data sources; The research engine module is based on the metadata in the SINAnet catalogue of data sources. SINAnet is not the unique portal for environmental information; there are, in fact, other portals for different environmental fields, administration and level (national, regional, local, etc.). For instance, there are ISPRA specific media monitoring online services, regional portals, MATTM portals; however, rarely they link to each other or use common components. Among other service developed for monitoring-to-reporting, it is worth of mention the Annuario dei dati ambientali, the system developed for publishing the yearly report on state of environment, based on a core set of indicators; this service also includes an on-line database.
21 Page 21 of Use of standards SINAnet network is moving toward a Service Oriented Architecture and new systems are being developed with XML/SOAP technology and web services to share environmental information. Existing systems and information flows are often based on ftp csv file sending or http upload. ISO standards are used for metadata catalogue. WMS is the GI related data standards used on operational services. SINAnet architecture is based on a national standard defined in The architecture is founded on a shared and cooperative system where PFRs, through the standard shared module (Modulo Comune MC), provide access to environmental data from heterogeneous regional systems.
22 Page 22 of Obstacles The outcomes of recent SINAnet plenary meeting (May 2008) and SEIS Country visit in Italy (September 2008) are presented in Table 3, as the base for outlining major weak points, problems and obstacles related to the organisational set-up for follow-up of technical issues. Table 3 - SINAnet priority initiatives 1. Update SINA Strategy according to new EU legislation, communications and programmes (e.g. Inspire, SEIS Comm and GMES), amending SINA Development Plan ed (new vision) 2. Improve SINAnet institutional steering capacity by enlarging membership of SINA management board of the Permanent Conference among State, Regions and Autonomous Provinces (better governance) 3. Clarify official sources of environmental data at different administrative levels to emphasise their roles in ensuring the access and the publication of environmental information (clarify different roles) 4. Guarantee the financial support for SINAnet, considering the requirements for covering the costs of the components of the network and the necessary human resources (sustainable initiatives) 5. Promote initiatives of cooperation at local and national level with SINAnet, to improve the capacity of active participation at european meetings and to take advantage from international financing opportunities (proactivity) 6. Promote initiatives of environmental communication to foster participation of stakeholders and civil society in the networking activities of SINA (communication and participation) 7. Take advantage of the opportunities offered by information and communication technologies to improve environmental information sharing and access to environmental information (information sharing and access) 8. Improve participation of science and research in partnership with SINAnet, functioning as the network of networks (networking) 9. Accelerate the legislative reorganisation of the water sector, in order to simplify the system of transmission and data exchange, fully implementing the Water Information System for Europe - WISE (legislative simplification) 10. Ensure an ordered transition from one to another environmental data transfer and exchange system (technological innovation) 11. Promote, where appropriate, data collection and publication systems in real time mode (timeliness) 12. Rebuild former working group among Regional Focal Points to develop instruments, products and services to strenghten the membership of the SINA network (cooperation) 13. Formalise a new institutional agreement between State and Regions to establish SINA network as part of the national infrastructure for the implementation of the INSPIRE Directive (INSPIRE implementation) 14. Promote in the SINA network the use of open source for application, instruments, models etc., starting from the framework agreement signed by the Italian EPAs network (reduction of operational expenses) The necessary follow-up actions to cope with the issues raised are presented in the priority diagram (Figure 11); the diagram summarizes the results of a questionnaire submitted to the PFRs at the last SINAnet plenary meeting (May 2008).
23 Page 23 of 32 Lesson learned from SINAnet Plenary Meeting (May 2008) Priority chart 3,00 II 6 8 III Urgenza 2, ,00 I II 1,00 2,00 3,00 Importanza Figure 11 - SINAnet Priority diagram
24 Page 24 of Priorities for SEIS Activity 1 Creation of new data sets (GI, statistics, in situ measurement data, ) Amount of investment Creation of metadata for data sets Harmonisation of existing data sets and information Re-engineering data/information flows in order to reduce the timeframe for monitoring and reporting Automated creation of indicators and reports Set-up of own network services to have easier access to the information 7 Set-up of network services at European level to have easier access to the information in a cross border context Development of end-user applications Implementation of standards Set-up of better coordinating mechanisms Incentives for better sharing Other: The most important components to update SINA strategy according the SEIS initiative are: 1. Harmonisation of existing data sets and information: To ensure that is possible to combine information from different sources in a consistent way and share with several users and applications; 2. Re-engineering data/information flows in order to reduce the timeframe for monitoring and reporting: Better understanding of environmental conditions and trends in a near real time mode also promoting, where appropriate, data collection and publication systems in real time mode; 3. Set-up of own network services to have easier access to the information: Take advantage of the opportunities offered by information and communication technologies to improve environmental information sharing and access to environmental information (information sharing and access) Promote, where appropriate, data collection and publication systems in real time mode 4. Implementation of standards: Promote in the SINA network the implementation of standards and the use of open source for application, instruments, models etc., to improve our
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