1 The Financial Aid Process Paying for College Kenneth McGhee, Financial Aid Manager The SEED Foundation
2 Agenda for Conversation Section One Education Pays Section Two What is Financial Aid?, Section Three Federal Financial Aid Section Four Avoid Scholarship Scams 2
3 Education Pays Unemployment Rate, Age 25+, December % 10.0% National Average 7.8%, 5.0% 0.0% Less than a high school diploma High school graduates Some College, No Degree Note: Data are averages for persons 25 and over. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey (December Associate's Degree Bachelor's Degree and Higher
4 Education Pays Median Weekly Earnings, Age 25+, December 2011 $1,400 $1,050 National Average $797 $700 $350 $- Less than a high school diploma High school graduates* Note: Data are averages for persons 25 and over. Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Current Population Survey (December 2011 Some College or Associate's Degree 4 Bachelor's Degree Advanced Degree
5 Plan to go to college There are lots of things to think about and many questions you need to ask. How much will it cost? Can I afford college? What is financial aid? What is a FAFSA? When and how do I apply? Where can I get help? Ask questions
6 Agenda for Conversation Section One Education Pays Section Two What is Financial Aid? Section Three Federal Financial Aid Section Four Avoid Scholarship Scams 6
7 What is financial aid? Financial aid makes college affordable for you. Financial aid refers to specific borrowed, given, or earned money that can be obtained from various sources to help pay for college. It is intended to make up the difference between what your family can afford to pay and what college costs. If you think you can t afford college, think again. There s aid out there.
8 Types of Financial Aid There are many types of financial aid. gift aid Grants Scholarships self-help aid Work-Study Loans These funds may be merit-based, need-based, or non need-based.
9 Sources of Financial Aid Financial aid comes from a variety of sources. federal government state government college (institutional aid outside/ private sources
10 Agenda for Conversation Section One Education Pays Section Two What is Financial Aid? Section Three Federal Financial Aid Section Four Avoid Scholarship Scams 10
11 U. S. Department of Education Federal Grant Programs Program Acronym Type of Aid Award Federal Pell Grant Grant; Need-based up to $5,550 Iraq and Afghanistan Service Grant Grant up to $5,550 Federal TEACH Grant Program TEACH Grant up to $4,000 a yr; total amount may not exceed $16,000. Campus-Based Programs Program Acronym Type of Aid Award Federal Supplemental Education Opportunity Grant FSEOG Grant Exceptional Need $100-$4,000 Federal Work-Study FWS Need-based Employment no annual minimum or maximum amounts; at least minimum wage Perkins Loans Need-based Loan up to $5,500 for undergraduates and up to $8,000 for graduate students
12 Federal Work-Study A need-based employment program that provides on- and offcampus jobs to students. A completed FAFSA is required It is a campus-based financial aid program; funds are limited and available only at participating postsecondary institutions Priority deadlines may apply Compensation is at least the current federal minimum wage A student must earn these funds
13 Loan Programs When evaluating loan options, consider the following: Repayment Source of Loan Subsidized vs. Unsubsidized Interest Rate Options & Grace Period Start by knowing your rights and responsibilities.
14 Subsidized vs. Unsubsidized To understand the difference between the two, consider this: When will interest begin to accrue? Type Need or No Need Interest Subsidized Loan A need-based loan Interest is paid by the federal government while a student is in school at least ½ time, and during authorized periods of deferment Unsubsidized Loan NOT a needbased loan A student is always responsible for paying interest
15 How to Apply To be considered for student aid, a student must complete all forms required by a college. Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA Institutional Forms Other as required Note: Communicate with each college to find out what is required for a complete application.
16 Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA WHEN January 1 (First date to submit FAFSA and as close to this date as possible Must be renewed every year WHO Available to H.S. seniors, college students, returning adults U.S. citizens and eligible non-citizens HOW Available on-line (preferred way WHY Determines eligibility for federal and state financial aid programs Used by colleges and universities to award institutional aid
17 Completing the FAFSA What information is needed? o Social Security Number. Be sure that it is correct! o Records of income, such as income earned from work and business, child support paid or received, and any other untaxed income. If available, refer to the W-2 Forms and the Federal Income Tax Return IRS 1040, 1040A, or 1040EZ. o Information about assets, such as savings, certificates of deposit, stock options, bonds, 529 plans and other college savings programs, and investment real estate, business, and farm. o Driver s license number, if the student has one. o Alien Registration Number, if not a U.S. citizen. NOTES: Parental information is required unless a student is at least 24 years of age or meets the criteria for filing as an independent student as described on the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Refer to A student must report his or her income and assets and those of the parents (if a dependent student or spouse (if married. Use income records for the year prior to the academic year for which a student is applying: for instance, if filling the FAFSA, refer to 2012 tax information.
18 Personal Identification Number (PIN A PIN, along with other identifiers, gives Internet access to information on the Federal Student Aid systems. Serves as an electronic signature and provides access to personal records Go to Option 1: Create a four-digit PIN Option 2: Have the site create PIN PIN is conditional until relevant information is verified with the Social Security Administration (1-3 days PIN will not expire at the end of the year Parents and students need separate PINs to use the FAFSA on the Web PIN Checklist osocial Security Number olast Name ofirst Name omiddle Initial odate of Birth oaddress o address (optional
19 What are the costs? Tuition & Fees Room & Board Transportation Books & Supplies Direct expenses Direct/Indirect expenses Indirect expenses + Miscellaneous Living Expenses Cost of Attendance (COA
20 Expected Family Contribution EFC Expected Family Contribution A need analysis formula established by Congress determines a student s Expected Family Contribution; using information reported on the FAFSA. What? Why? Where? A comparative measure of how much a family can be expected to contribute over the course of an academic year Used to determine a student s eligibility for most federal and state assistance Shown on the Student Aid Report (SAR, the output document sent to a student after the FAFSA is processed
21 Financial Need How much aid can a student receive? Cost of Attendance (COA Expected Family Ε - Contribution = (EFC Financial Need
22 Three Examples COA (Cost of Attendance EFC (Expected Family Contribution Financial Need College A College B - $10,000 $3,000 $7,000 - Г $20,000 $3,000 $17,000 = = College C $35,000 - $3,000 = $32,000
23 Financial Aid Awards The financial aid administrator at the college will package all available aid and send an award offer for consideration. Goal: To meet a student s need. Г What is the total cost of attendance? What is a student s financial aid eligibility? What is the Expected Family Contribution? What types of financial aid are included? Was financial need met? What is the out-of-pocket cost?
24 Other Things to Know Apply early Information reported on the FAFSA is confidential and is used ONLY to determine financial aid eligibility You may be asked to submit documentation to the financial $ aid office for verification purposes Supplemental applications or forms may be required Keep track of application DEADLINES! Keep a copy of everything you submit You must reapply every year
25 Agenda for Conversation Section One Education Pays Section Two What is Financial Aid? Section Three Federal Financial Aid Section Four Avoid Scholarship Scams 25
26 Avoid Scholarship Scams View with caution any service that requires you to pay. While most scholarship services are legitimate, some may be fraudulent and could charge a lot of money for little information. Report Scams Better Business Bureau High School Counselor Financial Aid Office Friends Federal Trade Commission
27 The Financial Aid Process Complete FAFSA Receive and review the Student Aid Report Complete verification process (if selected Receive and review Award Offer Respond to college Complete all pending processes Renew FAFSA every year
28 Trusted Web Sites Get your hands on up-to-date, accurate and trusted sources of information to learn what you need to know. StudentAid.gov FAFSA.gov 怰 Թ PIN.ed.gov nces.ed.gov/collegenavigator
The SAMFund Presents: Going Back to School Post-Cancer: The Pros, Cons and Hows Sherri Avery Director of Financial Aid and Student Employment Brandeis University firstname.lastname@example.org Agenda Pros and cons
Your Federal Student Loans Student Aid on the Web www.federalstudentaid.ed.gov Click on Students, Parents and Counselors At this Web site you can Find information on federal student aid and access sources
62 nd Edition College Financial Aid Handbook NEED A LIFT? 2013 The American Legion www.needalift.org NEED A LIFT? Roadmap To Your After-High-School Education A guide to choosing a career, selecting a school,
Building Your Future: Succeeding A Student and Teacher Resource for Financial Literacy Education Copyright 2013, 2014 The Actuarial Foundation About This Book Personal finance is part knowledge and part
For California Students and Their Families College Readiness Workbook NAME SCHOOL HIGH SCHOOL GRADUATION DATE This workbook is for prospective college students and their families. It is filled with helpful
2014-2015 TOPS QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS For HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS AND COUNSELORS (Revised 12-18-14) PRESENTED BY LOUISIANA OFFICE OF STUDENT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE (LOSFA) Contact us at: E-Mail: email@example.com
Filling Out the FAFSA CHAPTER 2 The FAFSA is the first step in the financial aid process. Because it s important to complete the form correctly, this chapter discusses some of the more difficult questions
Getting Started with Need Access Student Guide and Application Instructions An Access Group Service Designed to Help You Get the Financial Aid You Need Do it 1x only! Your school has selected Need Access
GAO For Release on Delivery Expected at 10:00 a.m. EDT Wednesday, August 4, 2010 United States Government Accountability Office Testimony Before the Committee on Health, Education, Labor, and Pensions,
2nd Edition 2nd Edition Right on the Money Financial Know-How for Financial Freedom Introduction.............................................. 3 Chapter 1: Defining Personal Values.........................
STUDENT QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE COLLEGE OF CRIMINAL JUSTICE Bachelor of Science Master of Science March 2012 Bethel University, College of Criminal Justice 1 2 Bethel University, College of Criminal Justice
Heritage Catalog Volume: XXVIII Published: April 1, 2015 Heritage Institute Fort Myers, Florida 6630 Orion Drive, Suite 202, Fort Myers, FL 33912, Phone: 239-936-5822 E-Mail: info @ heritage-education.com
planning for college VSACplanning guide for grades 7 12 Gear up for your future! Parents and guardians are the most important and influential people in their children s lives. Children need parents and
MY FUTURE, MY WAY: First Steps Toward College A Workbook for Middle and Junior High School Students MY FUTURE, MY WAY: First Steps Toward College A Workbook for Middle and Junior High School Students U.S.
ENERGY SPECIALIST WRITER NATURALIST ENGINEER FUND YOUR LAWYER FARMER FUTURE JOURNALIST GREEN CONSTRUCTION CHEF TEACHER CHEMIST ARCHITECT SOLAR COMPUTER DENTIST ENGINEER WEB DEVELOPER DESIGNER HOW TO PAY
Federal Direct Consolidation Loan Instructions for Application and Promissory Note OMB No. 1845-0053 Form Approved Exp. Date 02/28/2014 Before You Begin Gather all of your education loan records, account
Your Retirement Plan A Member Handbook for Michigan s Public School Employees Public School Employees Retirement System State of Michigan February 2015 About the Office of Retirement Services The Office
Using Credit to Your Advantage. Topic Overview. The Using Credit To Your Advantage topic will provide participants with all the basic information they need to understand credit what it is and how to make
Transfer Students Planning Your Successful College Transfer What is a Transfer? Simply put, a transfer is a change of colleges. A student who begins at one college and then switches to another is considered
Choosing an Choosing an Annuity Option Annuity Option ET-4117 (REV 3/3/2015) 1 Table of Contents What is an Annuity?....2 Annuity Option Selection....2 Available Annuity Options....2 Life Annuity Option...2