To EV or not to EV? Fleet Eco Day 2015

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1 Welkom 22/10/2015

2 To EV or not to EV? Fleet Eco Day 2015 Alternatieve aandrijvingen als gefundeerde vooruitgang Bart Vanham Managing Director TCOPlus, member of TÜV SÜD Group

3 TCOPlus products & services Greencube is designed to help the international fleet team to make to transition from a global CSR or Environmental program to local policy parameters. It provides the employer with a framework enabling the monitoring and control of the total cost of the fleet. Fleetcube allows international fleet decision makers to get insight in the their consolidated international fleet data and digested information in a few mouse clicks. It will provide immediate insights in key figures and performance indicators. Evaluate the feasibility of the centralisation of fleet management processes and define a blueprint of your potential future centralised fleet structure. This includes the mapping of risks, barriers, advantages, disadvantages for the different alternatives to implement and operate a centre of excellence. Not for distribution or modification. July 2014

4 TCOPlus products & services TCOplus has the experience to translate, together with you, your companies USP s into a robust TCO model. Through our fleet expertise and knowledge, our online dashboards can consistently demonstrate your savings potential and taxation benefits. We will help guide you through a typical sales process to gain a better understanding of the key drivers behind strategic buyers. Our highly visualised sales tools show transparency for your clients, capturing their specific business demands. Fleetscan has been developed to help evaluate the feasibility of including alternative powertrains into the company vehicle fleet. Our unique approach includes a tailored TCO calculation including tax effects of the different alternative powertrains based on the company fleet policy. Not for distribution or modification. July 2014

5 Extended EV policy Part of the standard car policy Diesel engine Petrol engine CNG Achtergrond: alternatieve aandrijvingen Micro-hybrid cars Start-stop technology as the lowest level of hybridization Reversible system acting as starter and alternator on a traditional car Mild Hybrid cars Combining a micro-hybrid with the recovery of energy when breaking Electric energy, produced continuously or when decelerating, is stored in a battery pack exceeding those of a start-stop techniques Parallel hybrid cars Most widely know and widespread cars (e.g. Toyota Prius Hybrid since 1997) Engine coupled with an electric motor, which powers the vehicle as well on a stand-alone basis for short distances All electric mode at start-up, low speed traffic jams and when manoeuvring Plug-in hybrid cars (PHEV) Equipped with batteries of a greater capacity being charged on an electrical network Enabling the usage on a daily basis also for long distances Range Extenders (REEV) Small fuel engine to reload batteries with a generator used as a range extender to enable longterm distances All-electric vehicles (BEV) Stand alone battery electric vehicles which run solely on electricity

6 Segmentatie: voertuig per type (Europa) Business cars Mitsubish Outlander Volvo V60 Type 4 D- / Medium SUV-Segment Focus on transport of 4 persons; bulk load carriage Ford Focus Nissan Leaf Opel Ampera Toyota Prius VW E-Golf* 1 series active-e* BMW i3 Type 3 C-Segment Focus on transport of 2-4 persons; increased load Renault Zoe Type 2 B-Segment Focus on transport of 1-2 persons; increased load Mitsubishi M-iEV Citroen C-zero Smart Peugeot ion VW E-up Type 1 A-Segment Focus on transport of 1-2 persons; limited carriage *Segmentation based on vehicle size ** i3 positioning is reflecting BMW s C-segmentation mixed with actual size of B-segment Luxury

7 PHEV, REX, EV: gebruikspatronen PHEV EV / REEV* Toyota Prius Volvo V60 Mitsubish Outlander Opel Ampera* Tesla S BMW i3 REEV* Renault Zoe BMW i3 Nissan Leaf VW E-up VW E-Golf Ford Focus BMW 1 series Citroen C-zero Peugeot ion Mitsubishi M-iEV Smart 18**25 25** 50 26** 80** *** *** *** ** ** *** Type 1 Regular urban, regular nonurban and / or regular highway usage Type 2 Regular urban, regular non-urban and occasional highway usage Type 3 Regular urban, occasional nonurban and exceptional highway usage Range in km Definition: Urban => suburb and city center travel Non-urban => travel within regions Highway => long highway journeys

8 Uitdaging voor alternatieve aandrijvingen: 3 bouwstenen voor fleetmanagers

9 Uitdaging 1: zijn uw bestuurders klaar om alternatieve aandrijvingen te rijden? Aanpak van analyse Meten van mobiliteitsprofiel van bestuurders Datalogger in wagen Onlinesurvey voor de bestuurders Doel Identificatie van individueel gebruik van de wagen Basis voor de vergelijking met gebruikskenmerken van alternatieve aandrijvingen Key topics Tool of benefit wagen, huidige wagen Gebruiksprofiel, en bijbehorende kilometers en frequentie Laadmogelijkheden Kennis en bereidheid Analyse Maximale resultaatsbenadering

10 Voorbeeld van fleetmatch => Match van rijbereik vergeleken met segmentatie ook onderdeel van de analyse Segmentation Range Type 4 D-/ Medium SUV-Segment Vehicles Focus on transport of 4-5 persons; bulk load carriage Type 1 Regular urban, regular nonurban and / or regular highway usage Mitsubish Outlander Volvo V60 Type 2 Regular urban, regular non-urban and occasional highway usage Mitsubish Outlander Volvo V60 Move to REEV by having access to D-segment vehicles from pool cars or rentals Type 3 Regular urban, occasional nonurban and exceptional highway usage Mitsubish Outlander Volvo V60 Type 3 C-Segment Vehicles Focus on transport of 2-4 persons; increased load Type 2 B-Segment Focus on transport of 1-2 persons; increased load Type 1 A-Segment Focus on transport of 1-2 persons; limited carriage Toyota Prius Opel Ampera Consider hybrid and/or ICE engines instead of EVs, if vehicles in B-segment shall be used for regular long term travel at all Consider hybrid and/or ICE engines instead of EVs, if vehicles in A-segment shall be used for regular long term travel at all Toyota Prius Opel Ampera => Opt for best fit vehicle in segment (i3 in case of enough space) BMW i3 REEV Consider hybrid and/or ICE engines instead of EVs * Nissan Leaf Ford Focus BMW 1 series VW E-Golf BMW i3 full electric Renault Zoe VW E-up Citroen C-zero Peugeot ion Mitsubishi M-iEV Smart

11 Uitdaging 2: Business Case en TCO-impact

12 Alternatieve aandrijvingen en kostenvergelijking: scenario s Driver specific budget levers Scenario I Scenario II Scenario III Scenario IV Vehicle specific cost levers Taxation effect for drivers in TCO EV taxation effect for drivers to subsidize lease rate Taxation effect for companies included in TCO budgets EV taxation effect for companies (CTX, SOC) TCO budgets including fuel EV lease rate including fuel and electricity Current car policy budgets per driver level EV lease rate

13 Alternatieve aandrijvingen en kostenvergelijking: scenario s Voorbeeld Vehicle specific cost levers (alternative cars) Taxation effect for drivers to subsidize lease rate Taxation effect for companies (non deductible expenses / C02 contribution) Lease rate including fuel and electricity costs Lease rate BMW 520d GT Catalogue price: EUR Monthly lease: 1052 EUR Co2: 144gr/km 30,000 km/year Monthly TCO: Lease: 1052 EUR Fuel: 203 EUR Co2-contribution: 69,89 EUR NDE: 131 EUR Total: 1455,88 EUR BIK: 4747,25 EUR TESLA Model S Catalogue price: EUR Monthly lease: 1401 EUR CCo2-emissions: 0gr/km 30,000 km/year Monthly TCO: Lease: 1401 EUR Fuel: 120 EUR Co2-contribution: 25,10 EUR NDE: -71,61 EUR Total: 1474,49 EUR BIK: 2432 EUR Delta BIK: 2278,28/12=184,60 EUR Subsidized TCO: 1289,89 EUR

14 Alternatieve aandrijvingen en kostenvergelijking: t.o.v. diesel Diesel als benchmark Vehicle specific cost levers (alternative cars) Diesel Petrol CNG <> Hybrid <> EV <> Taxation effect for drivers to subsidize lease rate EUR/jr EUR/jr Taxation effect for companies (non deductible expenses / C02 contribution) Lease rate including fuel and electricity costs (30k km) EUR/jaar EUR/jr %: +/-600/jr EUR/jaar EUR/jr %: +/-1200/jr EUR/jaar eur/jaar Lease rate 5-10% hoger 10-20% hoger 20-40% hoger

15 Uitdaging 3: implementatie

16 Thank you Bart Vanham Hans Damen

17 Bedankt voor uw aandacht, deze slides treft u ook op onze website.

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