1 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View White Paper March 2012
2 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View Table of Contents Challenges in Deploying VDI... 1 Leveraging NexentaStor... 2 Benefits of a NexentaVSA for View Solution... 3 Product Architecture... 3 Key Components... 5 Creating VDI Storage with NexentaVSA for View... 5 How NexentaVSA for View Abstracts Storage... 6 Deployment Scenarios... 7 ZFS Advantages in NexentaStor... 7 Using the Wizards... 9 VDI Deployment Wizard Redeployment/Reconfiguration Wizard Performance Analyzer Calibration Wizard Deployment Recommendations Configuring a Hybrid Storage Pool Configuring Floating or Dedicated Desktops Configuring for Availability Summary References... 18
3 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 1 Challenges in Deploying VDI Desktop virtualization has taken the IT world by storm, and for good reason it vastly minimizes the headaches associated with desktop operating system upgrades, security patching, and software provisioning in comparison with traditional fat client architectures. Deploying a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (VDI) environment dramatically lowers IT administrative workloads and drives efficiencies that reduce both capital and operating system expenses, resulting in tremendous savings. However, keeping a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure in sync with changing business needs can prove to be a challenge. After initial installation, most VDI environments are in a constant state of flux. As new departments or branch offices are brought into the infrastructure, the number of users increases and the mix of user profiles changes. New servers, hypervisors, and storage systems are added periodically. As a result, IT administrators face an ongoing cycle of provisioning new desktops and reconfiguring the desktop pool, repeating the process over and over again to rebalance available resources and provide reasonable and predictable performance. Each time, VDI configuration is largely a process of trial and error until an administrator is lucky enough to arrive at a desktop pool layout that meets desired business and performance goals. What makes the task of VDI deployment so hard is that it s difficult to characterize performance across the different layers of the Virtual Desktop Infrastructure (storage hardware, hypervisors, server resources, I/O controllers, networking, and client devices). This causes IT administrators to struggle with a baffling and almost blind process of troubleshooting and reconfiguration. Overprovisioning is quite common since administrators lack an effective way to gauge end-to-end performance or to calibrate the configuration against requirements. Because there is little visibility into how configuration variables precisely impact VDI performance, IT departments often resort to installing additional expensive servers and storage systems to circumvent performance issues. While adding hardware may speed time-to-deployment, it unnecessarily adds cost and ultimately impacts the project s return on investment (ROI). Introducing NexentaVSA for View In working with the VMware View product team, engineers from Nexenta Systems, Inc. recognized the complexity and challenges associated with properly configuring virtual desktops and associated VM storage. It became clear that what customers needed was a way to configure the Virtual Desktop Infrastructure and related storage more accurately and transparently and to be able to reconfigure it dynamically with less guesswork and less pain. If Nexenta engineers could infuse better visibility, automated configuration, optimized I/O, and best practices into the VMware desktop and storage provisioning process, administrators could deploy VMs into the hands of users more quickly and at less cost, ultimately improving user productivity and accelerating ROI.
4 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 2 Understanding that end-to-end performance characterization is critical to optimizing VDI storage configurations, Nexenta developed NexentaVSA for View to take the complexity and guesswork out of VMware deployments. Tightly coupled with VMware View, NexentaVSA for View automates the iterative trial-and-error steps required to configure a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure, provisioning both VM desktops and associated storage. While VMware View is capable of configuring compute and memory resources for VM desktops, it is not designed to optimize VM storage characteristics. NexentaVSA for View, on the other hand, examines end-to-end performance, fine-tunes both VM and storage resources, and provisions the desktop pool, creating cost-effective configurations that are able to meet the distinctive performance demands of VDI workloads. To aid in provisioning VMware desktops with NexentaVSA for View, predefined profiles store optimized configuration variables, allowing administrators to deploy best practices for VDI out-of-the-box. Benchmarking and calibration capabilities provide end-toend performance measurements and support rapid reconfiguration, during which NexentaVSA for View automatically rebalances desktop VMs and associated storage resources. To optimize I/O operations, NexentaVSA for View incorporates a proven and economical approach to VDI storage Nexenta s core OpenStorage software technology, NexentaStor. Leveraging NexentaStor NexentaVSA for View takes advantage of the innovative NexentaStor storage software that abstracts commodity storage devices, pools storage, and presents the storage pool to the Virtual Desktop Infrastructure. As an OpenStorage solution, NexentaStor is designed to counter the high cost, poor performance, and management complexity of traditional VDI storage. With a user base that continues to grow, Nexenta boasts more than 2000 commercial NexentaStor deployments and manages more than 330PB around the globe. Because NexentaVSA for View can leverage NexentaStor technology, it enables remarkable I/O performance, especially for VDI workloads that are predominantly characterized by random writes. Since VDI workloads are particularly sensitive to write latencies, NexentaStor applies ZFS and solid state technologies to create write caches that boost VDI performance while keeping overall storage costs low. NexentaStor implementations often result in savings over traditional storage solutions of 70% to 80%. In an average VDI deployment for 250 users, a traditional appliance with proprietary disk technology may cost around $150K, with a maintenance fee of about $30K per year. In contrast, a comparable solution based on NexentaStor and commodity storage costs about the same as the proprietary system s annual maintenance fee only about $30K. The savings stem from the ability to deploy commodity storage
5 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 3 components and a fully supported, open software-based solution. Unlike traditional proprietary appliances, customers can achieve significant savings whether the NexentaStor appliance supports a small number of users or whether it is scaled to support storage needs across a large enterprise. Since NexentaVSA for View leverages NexentaStor technology, VDI deployments can benefit from Nexenta s cost-effective approach of using OpenStorage. Benefits of a NexentaVSA for View Solution NexentaVSA for View makes it easy to build a ready-to-use, calibrated desktop pool to jumpstart VDI initiatives. Key benefits include: Fast VDI provisioning, configuration, and tuning. NexentaVSA for View includes a powerful user interface with wizards that guide administrators through VDI deployment, benchmarking, calibration, and reconfiguration. Automated and intelligent configuration. Using profiles that capture best practices, NexentaVSA for View enables out-of-the-box VDI deployments. NexentaVSA for View automates the processes of configuring and rebalancing the Desktop Infrastructure, adjusting desktop and storage distribution to equalize load. Good visibility into performance. Built-in NexentaVSA for View benchmarks measure end-to-end performance, all the way from the client endpoint through the storage devices. Built-in calibration and analytics. NexentaVSA for View automatically modifies configurations based on specified criteria, making it easy to fine-tune configurations without requiring elite administrative expertise. Low-cost, performance-optimized VDI. Because of the ability to integrate NexentaStor, NexentaVSA for View makes it easy to deploy economical commodity storage structured as Hybrid Storage Pools, with caching that accelerates writesensitive VDI performance. Product Architecture As shown in Figure 1, NexentaVSA for View tightly integrates with VMware infrastructure. NexentaVSA for View embeds a NexentaStor server as a VM, or alternatively uses storage pools exported from an external NexentaStor appliance or other NFS-mounted devices. In the case of local storage on an ESX server, NexentaVSA for View abstracts the local Hard Disk Devices (HDDs) and Solid State Devices (SSDs) into a Virtual Storage Appliance (VSA), exporting the VSA to the ESX hypervisor supporting the desktop pool. Because NexentaVSA for View can make use of locally attached storage in this way, I/O performance can be more predictable since it is unaffected by network anomalies.
6 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 4 Figure 1. NexentaVSA for View presents storage to the VMware Virtual Desktop Infrastructure. NexentaVSA for View integrates into a VMware VDI provisioning and management infrastructure with the following VMware 5 components: VMware vsphere 5 Enterprise Plus for Desktop Systems VMware vcenter Server 5 VMware View Manager 5 with Composer and Offline Desktop NexentaVSA for View leverages supporting infrastructure components such as Active Directory and Microsoft SQL server. Of course, the appropriate VMware and Microsoft licenses are required in addition to NexentaVSA for View licensing.
7 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 5 Key Components There are four key components in NexentaVSA for View. NAME DESCRIPTION NOTES NexentaVSA Management Appliance NexentaStor VSA NexentaVSA for View Server Agent NexentaVSA for View Desktop Agent Provides NexentaVSA for View management functions VSA that provides storage management for the NexentaVSA for View environment Provides communication between the NexentaVSA for View and the View Connection Server Provides communication between NexentaVSA for View and desktops Can be installed on any ESXi host in the network Installed on an ESXi host that is dedicated to NexentaVSA for View Installed on the View Connection Server Installed on the desktop template, which is usually installed on the dedicated NexentaStor VSA ESXi host Creating VDI Storage with NexentaVSA for View To create storage pools from locally attached storage, NexentaVSA for View packages NexentaStor functionality as a VM template installed on an ESX hypervisor. The NexentaStor VM coalesces the attached storage capacity into a Virtual Storage Appliance that provides storage to the Desktop Infrastructure. There are significant advantages to packaging NexentaStor functionality as a VM: Good scalability. The NexentaVSA for View approach offers the ability to scale. As additional hypervisors are added to the infrastructure to support more desktops, another storage VM can be added. One VSA can exist for each ESX host in the ESX cluster. Reduced network load. The NexentaStor VM delivers I/O to the hypervisor directly from within the hypervisor, decreasing network traffic and making I/O performance more consistent. Because no additional network ports are needed for the hypervisor to communicate to storage, fewer slots are needed on the server. Storage hardware independence. Since NexentaVSA for View runs on any supported VMware-compatible hardware, customers can deploy a cost-effective NexentaStor solution without concerns of hardware support. Integrating SSD components either locally or in an attached NexentaStor appliance enables caching that can significantly optimize VDI performance.
8 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 6 How NexentaVSA for View Abstracts Storage Figure 2 shows a storage-centric view of the NexentaVSA for View architecture implemented with local storage. Physical storage devices reside at the bottom of the stack. The VMware ESX hypervisor runs on one of these storage devices, and the remaining devices are formatted as Virtual Machine File System (VMFS) volumes, one volume per device. Figure 2. NexentaVSA for View abstracts local storage as a Virtual Storage Appliance. Under the direction of NexentaVSA for View, the NexentaStor VM abstracts and pools VMFS volumes as a VSA using ZFS technology. Since VMFS understands which devices are HDDs and SSDs, ZFS can construct a Hybrid Storage Pool, applying fast SSDs as caching devices. The ZFS pool is then exported using NFS to the ESX hypervisor, allowing the Desktop Infrastructure VMs to access the underlying VSA storage. NexentaVSA for View directs VMware vcenter to create VMs based on the compute, memory, and storage parameters it has optimized, characterizing end-to-end performance of each configuration, and reconfiguring and automatically rebalancing resources as necessary. While VMware offers a VSA product that uses a somewhat similar approach to abstracting VDI storage, its design restricts the number of supported hypervisors, limiting its scalability in a shared storage configuration. In contrast, given adequate CPU and memory resources, the NexentaVSA for View design scales well with more hypervisors. In addition, NexentaVSA for View offers significant advantages in its ability to benchmark and tune VDI deployments and optimize performance for VDI workloads.
9 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 7 Deployment Scenarios NexentaVSA for View is extremely flexible and can be implemented in small to large VMware deployments that use internal or external storage investments. Customers can start with a complete, self-contained VDI solution on an ESX host that serves the desktop virtual machines, as shown previously in Figure 2. This type of deployment is ideal for companies interested in kick-starting a VDI initiative or for populating satellite offices. Such a configuration is well-suited for supporting floating desktops where desktop state is not maintained and capacity requirements are small. Examples of such deployments are kiosk, classroom, or office desktops that use cloned VMs or other reusable desktop images that store no user data in the VM itself. For larger storage capacities such as those needed to support dedicated or stateful desktops NexentaVSA for View is designed to scale. The software supports a storage model that implements external NexentaStor appliances or NFS-attached storage managed under NexentaVSA for View. With external NexentaStor appliances, NexentaVSA for View can configure floating or dedicated desktop images, larger numbers of desktops, and desktop images that deliver greater storage capacities. Multiple storage volumes can be exported to multiple VMware hypervisors, and in this way storage can be shared across hypervisors. A shared storage approach can be implemented to enhance availability (see Deployment Recommendations on page 15). Figure 3. NexentaVSA for View can be deployed using external NexentaStor appliances. ZFS Advantages in NexentaStor The NexentaStor VM in NexentaVSA for View and the standard NexentaStor product both use ZFS as the underlying filesystem. ZFS first was released by Sun Microsystems, Inc. as open source in 2005 and in the widely deployed Solaris 10 operating system in Designed as a 128-bit filesystem for modern storage devices, ZFS addresses shortcomings of legacy filesystems developed for floppy disks and 1980s hard disks
10 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 8 shortcomings that still are evident in many traditional storage implementations today. Unlike earlier filesystems, ZFS integrates volume management functions and virtualizes devices into a single shared storage pool from which NexentaStor can configure data volumes that consume pooled space as needed. For NexentaVSA for View, ZFS offers these advantages: Hybrid Storage Pool design. Because ZFS abstracts and pools storage devices, it simplifies the creation of Hybrid Storage Pools (see Configuring a Hybrid Storage Pool on page 16). A Hybrid Storage Pool balances device characteristics and enables trade-offs between performance, capacity, availability, and cost. For example, a storage architect can add high-speed but more expensive SSDs into the traditional storage hierarchy between costly RAM and more economical, larger capacity storage that is composed of multiple hard disk drives. One of the benefits of a NexentaVSA for View implementation is that it allows high-speed devices like SSDs to be applied to accelerate I/O operations and meet performance goals of VDI workloads. Data integrity. ZFS natively implements end-to-end checksumming and transactional copy-on-write operations that prevent silent data corruption. The NexentaStor VM configures data volumes in mirrored or RAID-Z configurations to automate data recovery. (RAID-Z is a ZFS data replication model similar to RAID-5 that prevents stripe corruption or write holes caused by RAID-5 s inherent read-modify-write architecture.) For NexentaVSA for View deployments, the use of RAID10 or RAID Z2, which is RAID-Z with double parity, is recommended. Fast snapshot and cloning. ZFS supports data replication through point-in-time copies or snapshots. In conjunction with vcenter, NexentaStor takes advantage of ZFS snapshots to accelerate VM cloning during provisioning. Accelerated write performance. ZFS s block allocation algorithms condense an I/O stream of many small random writes into a single, more efficient, sequential write operation. This fundamental ZFS feature dramatically accelerates performance for random write-intensive VDI workloads. Inline deduplication. ZFS intrinsically supports inline deduplication, which can save storage capacity and decrease the number of required I/Os to physical disks in the pool when data is highly redundant. With NexentaVSA for View, configuring data volumes for deduplication is optional. Deduplication can be efficient for VDI persistent storage since VM images are largely the same, but often proves counterproductive for temporary VM session storage since user session data has little redundancy. Inline compression. Compression is another configurable option for ZFS data volumes. Like deduplication, it conserves storage space and reduces the amount of I/O. In ZFS, compression occurs at the block level and not at the file level like other
11 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 9 filesystem compression implementations. With NexentaVSA for View, compression can be applied effectively to VDI temporary storage to enhance write speeds. Using the Wizards NexentaVSA for View includes wizards that automate the trial-and-error configuration steps required to deploy a Virtual Desktop Infrastructure. Although VMware vcenter does the actual VM provisioning, NexentaVSA for View directs the creation of VM desktops and VSAs based on parameters specified via the user interface. Wizards allow administrators to tweak VM and storage configuration parameters easily. The built-in wizards mask the underlying complexity of VDI deployment. There are four NexentaVSA for View wizards that provision, reconfigure, test, and fine-tune VDI configurations: VDI Deployment Wizard Redeployment/Reconfiguration Wizard Performance Analyzer Calibration Wizard The wizards walk the administrator through the configuration steps for VDI provisioning and optimization until the VDI is complete and ready-to-use. The wizards load default profiles that have predefined settings reflecting known best practices for certain VDI workloads. Parameter settings can be customized manually or modified automatically (based on performance benchmarks) to meet specific site and performance criteria.
12 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 10 VDI Deployment Wizard After the NexentaVSA for View and VMware components are properly installed and licensed, an administrator can use the VDI Deployment Wizard to provision an ESX cluster with a ready-to-use VM desktop pool. Based on tests by Nexenta engineering, the VDI Deployment Wizard accomplishes what is equivalent to more than 150 steps that would otherwise have to be performed manually. In contrast, the VDI Deployment Wizard guides the administrator through the initial provisioning process in just four steps: 1. Select cluster. The VDI Deployment Wizard requests the name of the ESX Cluster on which you wish to deploy the Desktop Infrastructure. 2. Specify the desktop pool type: stateless or persistent. Floating or stateless desktops are cookie-cutter images that contain no personal settings or user-specific data (user data is stored on a network file share or VMware View persistent disk). Dedicated or persistent desktops, on the other hand, preserve user data, settings, and VM-installed applications. 3. Configure the virtual desktop pool and the desktop pool profile. The third step is to define the virtual desktop pool, including the name of the pool, the number of VMs to be created, and the VM template that should be used in creating the VMs. In addition, the administrator selects one of the predefined profiles and customizes settings as needed. There are three main groups of profile parameters: Storage settings, such as configuration of RAID levels and options for caches, block sizes, compression, and deduplication. Storage resources, e.g., the CPU and memory resources that should be allocated for the virtual NexentaStor appliance. Desktop settings, such as datastore specifications, the desktop memory reservation policy, the logoff interval, and so forth. NexentaVSA for View profiles include optimizations known to enhance performance for VDI workloads. For example, Nexenta engineers conducted proof-of-concept testing to characterize VDI workloads with NexentaStor. What they learned was that the majority of I/O operations to storage (more than 50%) were 4K in size for VDI workloads. Additional testing showed that ZFS compression, and not deduplication, had a positive impact on performance. Thus, the default NexentaVSA for View profile includes settings for a 4K block size and the use of compression, with deduplication set to off. 4. Select NexentaStor and deploy. For a pool of virtual desktops, the administrator can select a NexentaStor VSA (one VSA per ESX host), a bare-metal NexentaStor appliance, or an external NexentaStor appliance. The NexentaVSA for View dashboard shows key steps in the deployment process as they are executed: create block (creating the
13 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 11 VSA); create file storage (configuring the VSA for NFS export); create pool (creating the desktop pool); and rebalance pool (reallocating desktops and VSAs). After initial provisioning, NexentaVSA for View automatically analyzes desktop and VSA distribution, determining which hypervisors need storage and rebalancing desktops with respect to storage locality. As shown in Figure 4, as each operation is performed on behalf of the wizard, the NexentaVSA for View Manager dashboard displays a message describing the completed activity. Corresponding messages related to each provisioning task also are displayed on the vcenter dashboard (NexentaVSA for View communicates to VMware vcenter to direct VM creation, and vcenter does the actual provisioning task). When the VDI deployment is complete, VMware View reports when the desktops are prepared for use. Figure 4. The VDI Deployment Wizard
14 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 12 Redeployment/Reconfiguration Wizard The Redeployment/Reconfiguration Wizard allows an administrator to change parameter settings for an existing desktop pool. There are three categories of settings to alter the configuration of a desktop pool: Resource settings, such as CPU and memory allocations for each desktop as well as CPU and memory resources available for each NexentaStor virtual appliance. Storage settings, such as ZFS compression, inline deduplication, block size, and cache sizes. Desktop settings, such as the number of desktops, the display protocol, the user assignment mode, and logoff policies. Once the administrator has adjusted configuration settings, NexentaVSA for View validates the defined options and automatically performs the necessary reconfiguration tasks, rebalancing the Desktop Infrastructure to accommodate the required changes. As shown in Figure 5, the wizard displays ongoing progress, and the administrator can observe the corresponding reconfiguration steps under Recent Tasks in vcenter. While the desktop pool is being reconfigured, it (and the associated NexentaStor-managed storage) is temporarily unavailable. When reconfiguration completes, NexentaVSA for View signals completion and VMware View updates the number of available desktops. Figure 5. Reconfiguration/Redeployment Wizard.
15 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 13 Performance Analyzer The Performance Analyzer allows an administrator to measure end-to-end performance all the way from the client desktop to the storage device. From the NexentaVSA for View dashboard, the administrator selects a benchmark, specifying the number of desktops to be tested, read/write characteristics for the test, and the number of test iterations to execute. There are two benchmarks currently available: SQLIO, a publicly available Microsoft benchmark that helps to measure the I/O capacity of a given configuration. Iometer, an open source I/O subsystem measurement and characterization tool. The administrator can choose to run a single iteration of a benchmark (a single-step test) versus multiple iterations in which the read/write mix increments (a multiple-step test). As an example of a multiple-step test, if an administrator specifies a read/write increment of 25%, the wizard executes five tests 100% write/0% read, 75% write/25% read, 50% write/50% read, 25% write/75% read, and 0% write/100% read. Performance data can be stored for later analysis. Figure 6. The Performance Analyzer characterizes end-to-end performance.
16 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 14 Figure 7. A multiple-step test shows the effect of altering the read/write mix at each step. Calibration Wizard The Calibration Wizard performs analytics on the VDI environment, automatically modifying the VDI desktop pool to satisfy the specified criteria. For example, the wizard can maximize the number of desktops as long as the number of IOPS is greater than a defined value. Alternatively, it can increase or decrease VSA resources as long as the configuration continues to meet a certain performance threshold. The Calibration Wizard uses the SQLIO or Iometer benchmarks to monitor performance levels. When the specified criteria is met, the wizard reconfigures the desktop pool accordingly.
17 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 15 Figure 8. The Calibration Wizard dynamically reconfigures to meet user-specified criteria. Deployment Recommendations The following recommendations for deploying NexentaVSA for View blend commonsense principles with best practices: Apply SSDs in a Hybrid Storage Pool approach, hosting temporary storage for virtual machines on SSDs. Use default profiles as a starting point. For VDI workloads, most configurations benefit from a 4K block size, ZFS compression, and deduplication off. Configure RAID 10 or RAID Z2 to protect against disk failure. Configure for the appropriate level of desktop persistence and availability. The type of desktop image needed for each user floating or dedicated depends on the nature of the user s role and applications. Apply mirroring to the golden image and NexentaStor VSAs to improve resilience. Use a separate network for NFS-attached storage. If NexentaVSA for View is used to manage NFS-mounted storage, it is ideal to have a network dedicated to data transfers.
18 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 16 Configuring a Hybrid Storage Pool ZFS simplifies the creation of Hybrid Storage Pools, applying high-speed devices like SSDs to accelerate read or write I/O operations and meet performance demands. Without the latencies imposed by moving parts, SSDs can deliver tens of thousands of IOPS versus hundreds of IOPS for HDDs. In addition, SSDs use less power and offer packaging advantages over HDDs. Figure 9 shows the key components of a ZFS Hybrid Storage Pool: Adaptive Replacement Cache (ARC). The ARC is the main ZFS cache stored in RAM. Level Two Adaptive Replacement Cache (L2ARC). The L2ARC provides a larger, second-level cache to accelerate read operations. As shown in Figure 9, SSDs can be deployed here to cache read operations. Sizing RAM is important in calculating the size of the L2ARC. (For example, it would make sense to store database pointers in RAM to enable quick access to records in the L2ARC, and to size RAM and the L2ARC accordingly.) ZFS Intent Log (ZIL). A separate intent log allows synchronous writes to be written quickly and acknowledged in the transactional model that ZFS uses. For VDI workloads, adding SSDs as a ZIL to cache writes significantly enhances performance. Figure 9. NexentaStor enables efficient Hybrid Storage Pool designs. Configuring Floating or Dedicated Desktops A critical decision in properly configuring a VDI deployment is whether to provision floating or dedicated desktop images. Indeed, this is the second question posed by the VDI Deployment Wizard (after asking the name of the ESX Cluster). The floating or dedicated decision depends on the nature of the user and whether they need to make changes to the desktop image, such as installing applications and data within the VM image itself rather than to a persistent NFS share or VM View disk. Since floating desktops are exact clones, they usually imply that the environment requires less storage capacity and there is no need to back up the VM desktop images. From an operational perspective, if a VMware ESX server goes down, the connection
19 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 17 broker can start new VDI instances in other ESX hosts using a clone and floating desktops again can be available. In contrast, dedicated desktops preserve operating system state and changes to the desktop VM. As a result, there needs to be a backup strategy in place, and availability is more of a concern. In some cases, it may be necessary to implement clustered external NexentaStor appliances to meet required desktop availability targets. In addition to embedded NexentaStor virtual appliances, NexentaVSA for View can incorporate storage from external NexentaStor appliances. Using the VDI Deployment Wizard, the administrator selects an external NexentaStor appliance for a given pool of virtual desktops. NexentaVSA for View then mounts appliance storage as an NFS filesystem for the Desktop Infrastructure. In the wizard, the administrator can define a ratio of desktops that use local versus external storage. Configuring for Availability To achieve a design that increases desktop availability, NexentaVSA for View can be implemented in conjunction with multiple hypervisors and clustered NexentaStor appliances (Figure 10). The external NexentaStor appliances are configured with an optional software module, the Nexenta HA Cluster plug-in. The HA Cluster plug-in facilitates storage continuity in the event of appliance service-level exceptions, such as power outages, disk failures, lost network connectivity, or unplanned downtime of a single appliance node. Multiple hypervisors and desktop VM copies (e.g., via VMware vmotion) increase availability for dedicated desktop VMs. (Note that at NexentaVSA for View s initial release, VMware HA is not supported in conjunction with the product.) Figure 10. NexentaVSA for View enables a highly available architecture.
20 Jumpstart VDI Deployments with NexentaVSA for View 18 Summary NexentaVSA for View can help organizations get strategic VDI initiatives up and running quickly. With only four steps required to build an optimized VMware desktop pool, NexentaVSA for View streamlines deployment and creates an out-of-the-box, readyto-use VDI solution. Because it takes advantage of proven, open source NexentaStor technology, NexentaVSA for View brings cost-effective storage and performanceoptimized I/O to VDI deployments. Easy-to-use wizards lead the administrator through configuration and tuning. Built-in intelligent profiles and calibration eliminate guesswork, optimizing desktop pool layout and applying best practices. NexentaVSA for View includes benchmarking capabilities that give administrators clear visibility into the complex VDI environment, all the way from the client endpoint through the storage components, making it easier to create a desktop infrastructure that delivers predictable and responsive performance. NexentaVSA for View simplifies the reconfiguration process every time VDI requirements change, rebalancing desktop VMs and storage automatically. Given the incredibly dynamic nature of VDI implementations, NexentaVSA for View slashes the time needed to prepare desktops for use, helping VDI user communities to be more productive in less time. To see how NexentaVSA for View can jumpstart your VDI initiative and minimize your VDI storage costs, contact Nexenta and get started with your own evaluation. References See the following sites for more information. REFERENCE Nexenta Home SQLIO Disk Subsystem Benchmark Tool Iometer Project URL aspx?id=
21 Nexenta Systems, Inc. 444 Castro, Suite 320, Mountain View, CA, Phone Fax Web nexenta.com 2012 Nexenta Systems, Inc. All rights reserved. Nexenta, NexentaVDI, and NexentaStor are trademarks or registered trademarks of Nexenta Systems, Inc. VMware is a registered trademark of VMware, Inc. Other products and company names are the trademarks of their respective owners in the United States and other countries. 03/12
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EMC XTREMIO EXECUTIVE OVERVIEW COMPANY BACKGROUND XtremIO develops enterprise data storage systems based completely on random access media such as flash solid-state drives (SSDs). By leveraging the underlying
Course ID VMW200 VMware vsphere 5.1 Advanced Administration Course Description This powerful 5-day 10hr/day class is an intensive introduction to VMware vsphere 5.0 including VMware ESX 5.0 and vcenter.
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White Paper Answering the Requirements of Flash-Based SSDs in the Virtualized Data Center Provide accelerated data access and an immediate performance boost of businesscritical applications with caching
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EMC SOLUTIONS TO OPTIMIZE EMR INFRASTRUCTURE FOR CERNER ESSENTIALS Mitigate project risk with the proven leader, many of largest EHR sites run on EMC storage Reduce overall storage costs with automated
What it Means for the IT Practitioner WHITE PAPER Extending the Power of Virtualization to Storage Server virtualization has changed the way IT runs data centers across the world. According to Gartner,
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White Paper EMC VFCACHE ACCELERATES ORACLE VFCache extends Flash to the server FAST Suite automates storage placement in the array VNX protects data EMC Solutions Group Abstract This white paper describes
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EMC Virtual Infrastructure for Microsoft Applications Data Center Solution Enabled by EMC Symmetrix V-Max and Reference Architecture EMC Global Solutions Copyright and Trademark Information Copyright 2009
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IOmark-VM DotHill AssuredSAN Pro 5000 Test Report: VM- 130816-a Test Report Date: 16, August 2013 Copyright 2010-2013 Evaluator Group, Inc. All rights reserved. IOmark-VM, IOmark-VDI, VDI-IOmark, and IOmark
Test Validation Test Validation - SEP sesam Enterprise Backup Software Evaluation of Enterprise Data Protection using SEP Software Author:... Enabling you to make the best technology decisions Backup &
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High Availability with Windows Server 2012 Release Candidate Windows Server 2012 Release Candidate (RC) delivers innovative new capabilities that enable you to build dynamic storage and availability solutions
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LOAD DYNAMIX ENTERPRISE VDI WORKLOAD MODELS Storage performance planning for VDI deployments By using Load DynamiX's VDI workload models, IT organizations can accurately simulate how well the underlying
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E4 UNIFIED STORAGE powered by Syneto THE E4 UNIFIED STORAGE (US) SERIES POWERED BY SYNETO From working in the heart of IT environment and with our major customers coming from Research, Education and PA,
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Automated Data-Aware Tiering White Paper Drobo s revolutionary new breakthrough technology automates the provisioning, deployment, and performance acceleration for a fast tier of SSD storage in the Drobo
VMware VDR and Cloud Storage: A Winning Backup/DR Combination 7/29/2010 CloudArray, from TwinStrata, and VMware Data Recovery combine to provide simple, fast and secure backup: On-site and Off-site The
Delivers high availability and disaster recovery for your critical applications Data Sheet: High Availability Overview protects your most important applications from planned and unplanned downtime. Cluster
Dell Desktop Virtualization Solutions Simplified All-in-one VDI appliance creates a new level of simplicity for desktop virtualization Executive summary Desktop virtualization is a proven method for delivering
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V3 Appliance FAQ Why is the V3 appliance so effective as a physical desktop replacement? The V3 appliance leverages local solid-state storage in the appliance. This design allows V3 to dramatically reduce